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Head Marking

Nominal Size
Range
(inches)

Grade and
Material

Mechanical Properties
Proof
Load

Min. Yield Strength

1/4 thru 3/4

55,000

57,000

74,000

Over 3/4
thru 1-1/2

33,000

36,000

60,000

1/4 thru 1

85,000

92,000

120,000

Over 1 thru
1-1/2

74,000

81,000

105,000

1/4 thru 11/2

120,000

130,000

150,000

40,000 Min.
80,000 90,000
Typical

100,000
125,000
Typical

(psi)

(psi)

Min. Tensile
Strength

(psi)

US Bolts

Grade 2
Low or medium carbon
steel
No Markings

Grade 5
Medium Carbon Steel,
Quenched and Tempered
3 Radial Lines

Grade 8

6 Radial Lines

Stainless markings vary.


Most stainless is nonmagnetic

Medium Carbon Alloy


Steel, Quenched and
Tempered

1/4 thru 5/8

18-8 Stainless
Steel alloy with 17-19%
Chromium and 8-13%
Nickel

3/4 thru 1

40,000 Min.
45,000 70,000
Typical

Above 1

100,000
Typical
80,000
90,000 Typical

Metric bolts

Class 8.8
Medium Carbon Steel,
Quenched and Tempered
8.8

Class 10.9
Alloy Steel, Quenched
and Tempered

All Sizes
below
16mm

580

640

800

16mm 72mm

600

660

830

5mm 100mm

830

940

1040

1.6mm 100mm

970

1100

1220

210 Min.
450 Typical

500 Min.
700 Typical

10.9

Class 12.9
12.9

Alloy Steel, Quenched


and Tempered

Stainless markings vary.


Most stainless is nonmagnetic.

A-2 Stainless

Usually stamped A-2

Steel alloy with 17- 19%


Chromium and 8-13%
Nickel

All Sizes
thru 20mm

Tensile Strength: The maximum load in tension (pulling apart) which a material can withstand before breaking or fracturing.
Yield Strength: The maximum load at which a material exhibits a specific permanent deformation
Proof Load: An axial tensile load which the product must withstand without evidence of any permanent set.
1MPa = 1N/mm2 = 145 pounds/inch2

http://www.boltdepot.com/fastener-information/Materials-and-Grades/Bolt-Grade-Chart.aspx

U.S. BOLT GRADES

SAE 2

SAE 5

SAE 7

SAE 8

Grade

SOCKET HEAD CAP SCREW

I.D. Marks

No
markings
Low carbon

3 lines

5 lines

6 lines

Allen head

Medium-carbon,
tempered

Medium-carbon,
quenched &
tempered
133,000 psi

Medium-carbon, quenched &


tempered

High-carbon, quenched &


tempered

150,000 psi

160,000 psi

Material

Tensile strength
(Minimum)

74,000 psi

120,000 psi

2
Bolt
Dia.
1/4
1/4
5/16
5/16
3/8
3/8
7/16
7/16
1/2
1/2
9/16
9/16
5/8
5/8
3/4
3/4
7/8
7/8
1
1

Thread
per inch
20
28
18
24
16
24
14
20
13
20
12
18
11
18
10
16
9
14
8
12

U.S. BOLT TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS


Torque in pounds-foot
2
5
5
7
7
8

Socket
head cap
screw

Socket
head cap
screw

Dry

Oiled

Dry

Oiled

Dry

Oiled

Dry

Oiled

Dry

Oiled

4
6
9
12
16
22
24
34
38
52
52
71
98
115
157
180
210
230
320
350

3
4
7
9
12
16
17
26
31
42
42
57
78
93
121
133
160
177
240
265

8
10
17
19
30
35
50
55
75
90
110
120
150
180
260
300
430
470
640
710

6
7
13
14
23
25
35
40
55
65
80
90
110
130
200
220
320
360
480
530

10
12
21
24
40
45
60
70
95
100
135
150
140
210
320
360
520
580
800
860

8
9
16
18
30
35
45
50
70
80
100
110
190
160
240
280
400
440
600
666

12
14
25
29
45
50
70
80
110
120
150
170
220
240
380
420
600
660
900
990

9
10
18
20
35
40
55
60
80
90
110
130
170
180
280
320
460
500
680
740

14
16
29
33
49
54
76
85
113
126
163
181
230
255
400
440
640
700
980
1060

11
13
23
26
39
44
61
68
90
100
130
144
184
204
320
350
510
560
780
845

http://www.millwrightmasters.com/School/torque_chart.htm