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You are on page 1of 7

3 Functions

1

A. Definition of a Function

Determine if the relation defines y as a function of x. For each function,

state the domain and range. Video tutorial

1. { (-2, 5), (-1, 3), (3, 7), (4, 12)}

2. {(-4, 4), (-3, 3), (-2, 2), (-1, 1), (-4, 0)}

- A function is a rule. A function f is a rule that assigns to each element x in a set

A exactly one element, f(x), in a set B.

- Given a relation in x and y, we say y is a function of x if for every element x

in the domain, there corresponds exactly one element y in the range.

- This just means that a function cant repeat any x-coordinates

- A function can repeat y-coordinates

- Any set of ordered pairs (x, y) is called a relation in x and y.

- The set of first components in the ordered pairs is called the domain of the

relation

- The set of second components in the ordered pairs is called the range of the

relation

- Hint: Domain vs. Range

o D comes before R in the alphabet, just as x comes before y

o So, D goes with x and R goes with y

- When you list the numbers in the Domain and Range

o List each number only ONCE

Lesson 2.3 Functions

2

B. Determining Whether an Equation is a Function

Determine whether the equation defines y as a function of x.

1.

2

1

x

y = 2. x y 3 5 = 3.

2

2y x = 4. 1 2 3

2 3

+ = x x y

Video tutorial

C. Function Notation

When a function is defined by an equation, we often use function notation.

For example, y = 2x can be written as ( ) 2 f x x = .

f is the name of the function. (It can be g(x) or h(x), etc

x is an input value from the domain of the function

f(x) is the function value (y-value) corresponding to x.

The notation f(x) is read as f of x or the value of the function f at x

A function may be evaluated at different values of x by substituting x-values

from the domain into the function.

The ordered pairs you get are the same as (x, y), but they are (x, f(x))

So, if f(5) = 10, the ordered pair is (5, 10).

- Solve the equation for y. If you get two solutions for y, the equation is not a

function.

- Some equations that are NEVER a function:

o An equation that has y

2

is never a function

o An equation that has represents two solutions and is not a function

Lesson 2.3 Functions

3

Evaluate the function at the indicated function values.

( )

( )

( )

( )

( ) =

=

= +

=

x f

x f

x f

f

f

2

1

1

0

Video tutorial

1. ( ) 1 2

2

+ = x x x f

Lesson 2.3 Functions

4

2. ( ) 2 3 f x x =

(5)

( 4)

f

f

=

=

Video tutorial

( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

( ) =

=

=

= +

= +

=

x f

x f

x f

x f

h x f

f

2

1

0

Video tutorial

3.

( )

5 3

1 2

+

=

x

x

x f

Lesson 2.3 Functions

5

D. How do you find the domain?

Find the domain of the function in interval notation.

1.

7

( )

2 1

x

f x

x

+

=

Video tutorial #1-4

2.

2 1

9

x

x

+

3.

2

4

( )

9

x

f x

x

=

+

4. ( )

9

2

=

x

x

x f

1) Is it a fraction?

a. Set the denominator equal to zero and solve for x.

b. Domain: ( ) ( ) ___, ___ ,

2) Is it an even index radical?

a. Set the inside expression >0 and solve for x.

b. Domain: | ) ( | ___ , be could it or ___,

3) All other expressions

a. Domain is all real numbers or: ( ) ,

Lesson 2.3 Functions

6

5. ( ) 4 f x t = + Video tutorial #5-9

6. ( ) 3 4 f x x =

7.

2

( ) 3 f x t t =

8. ( )

2

3

+

=

z

z

z h

9. ( )

25 5

5

=

t

t P

Lesson 2.3 Functions

7

A. Increasing, Decreasing, Constant Intervals

Use the graph to find:

(a) The intercepts, if any

(b) The domain and range

(c) The intervals on which the function is increasing, decreasing or constant

1.

Video tutorial

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