A Scholastic List of Definitions for Philosophical Terms In Latin (For precision and clarity

Habitus Intellectivi 1. Intellectus = habitus primorum principiorum speculativorum. 2. Sapientia = cognitio rerum omnium per altissimas causas. 3. Scientia = cognitio certa per causas. 4. Ars = recta ratio factibilium. 5. Prudentia = recta ratio agibilium. 6. Theologia = scientia de Deo ex Revelatione procedens. 7. Philosophia = scientia rerum omnium per causas altissimas, naturali ratione comparata. 8. Metaphysica = scientia entis inquantum entis. 9. Criteriologia = pars metaphisicae defensiva principiorum cognitionis humanae. 10. Synderesis = habitus primorum principiorum practicorum. Actus Intellettivi In generali: 11. Cognoscere = Habere intentionaliter in se formam (sicut) alterius rei. 12. (seu.) = aliud fieri inquantum aliud.

In English

Intellective Habits 1. Understanding = the habit of the first speculative principles. 2. Wisdom = knowledge of all things by the highest causes. 3. Science = certain knowledge through causes. 4. Art = the right reason of things to be made. 5. Prudence = the right reason of things to be done (operations). 6. Theology = science of God proceeding from Revelation. 7. Philosophy = science of all things through the highest causes, obtained by natural reason. 8. Metaphysics = science of being in so far as being. 9. Criteriology = part of metaphysics which defends the principles of human knowledge. 10. Synderesis = habit of the first practical principles. Intellective Actions In general: 11. To have knowledge = to have intentionally in oneself a form as the form of another. 12. other. (or) = to become another insofar as

13. Intelligere = cognoscere rerum essentias. 13. To understand = to know the essences of things. 14. Scire = cognoscere causam propter quam res est, quod huius causa est, et non potest aliter se habere. 14. To know = to grasp . . . (a) the cause telling why the thing is,

25. 17. Ontological truth = conformity of thing to intellect. Veritas ontologica = adequatio rei ad intellectum. 18. Logical truth = conformity of intellect to thing. 25. 28. . Objective intention = the object towards which the mind tends. and (c) that it cannot be otherwise (the thing cannot have another cause). . Intentio objectiva = obiectum in quo mens tendit. 15. Analogy = the mutual relation of diverse things by which they are designated by the same name. Second intention = the act by which the mind tends tendit. To sense = to know the passible qualities of material things. 16. Sentire = cognoscere rerum materialium qualitates patibiles. negation = genus of the being of reason). Concept = simple intellectual representation of the quidditatis alicuius rei. Prima Operatio Intellectus First Operation of the Intellect 23. 26. 18. 22. 28. quiddity of something. 19. 27. 16. Ens rationis = ens quod habet esse obiective in intellectu tantum. 20. Abstraction = this operation of the agent intellect which considers one thing without another out of several united in reality. Simple apprehension = the operation by which the aliquam quidditatem intelligit. Intentio formalis = ipse actus mentis tendentis in aliquid. Negatio = ens rationis quo non ens ad modum entis concipitur. Abstractio = operatio intellectus agentis qua ex pluribus in re coniunctis unum sine altero considerat. Intentio secunda = actus quo mens in ens rationis 20. Notio = Propria ratio qua res menti innotescit. Intentio prima = actus quo mens in ens reale tendit. Simplex apprehensio = operatio qua intellectus 23. 21. 26. Veritas = adequatio rei et intellectus. 22. 24. 29. Truth = conformity of thing and intellect. 15.(b) the fact that it is the cause of it. 24. 17. to a being of reason. Veritas logica = adequatio intellectus ad rem. 19. Formal intention = the act itself of the mind tending towards something. Analogia = habitudo diversorum inter se vi cuius eodem nomine designantur. quin quidquam intellect understands some quiddity without de ea affirmet. Negation = being of reason by which non-being is conceived as a being (Gredt 110. Notion = proper reason by which the thing is made known to the mind. First intention = the act by which the mind tends to a real being. Conceptus = simplex intellectualis repraesentatio 27. Being of reason = being which has objective being in the intellect alone. 21. 29. affirming anything about it.

in quale accidentaliter et necessarie. Universale in praedicando = una natura de multis. 38. 30. 36. Differentia specifica = universale respiciens inferiora. 41. Universal as predicable = one nature said of many. Accident = the universal in regards to its inferiors. 43. and which belong to it necessarily. 34. Praedicabile = modus universalitatis quo unum pluribus inesse potest et de ipsis praedicari. IN QUID COMPLETE. Universale in essendo = una natura in multis. 37. 43. Accidens = universale respiciens inferiora. 36. IN QUID INCOMPLETE. Specific difference = the universal in regards to its inferiors. 38. Universal in being = one nature in many. as qualifying the quiddity. Analogia attributionis = habitudo unius vel plurium ad aliquod unum vi cuius nomen quod huic convenit in sensu proprio et stricto de illo vel illis dicitur. Assent = the act by which the intellect adheres to a given judgment. 33. IN QUALE QUID. with complete quiddity. Assensus = actus quo intellectus inhaeret iudicio formato. 31. 42. 35. 39. 33. as qualifying accidentally and contingently. Iudicium = actus intellectus quo componit vel dividit affirmando vel negando. The notes of a concept = the intelligible elements or intelligibiles huius conceptus quos mens in eo aspects of this concept which the mind discerns discernit et qui ad eum pertinent necessarie. Term (oral) = arbitrary vocal sign. Species = universale respiciens inferiora numero distincta. 40. 34. Suppositio = termini pro re aliqua significanda usurpatio. 45. Proper = the universal in regards to its inferiors. Predicable = the mode of universality by which one thing can be in many and be predicated of them. as qualifying accidentally and necessarily. 40. 42. Analogia proportionalitatis = aequalitas duarum proportionum inter se. Species = the universal in regards to its inferiors numerically distinct. 31. Supposition = the use of the term to signify something. 44. in quale accidentaliter et contingenter.30. 45. Universal = one apt to be inherent in many. Analogy of attribution = the relation of one or several things to some one thing by which the name applies properly and strictly to the latter is said also of the former(s). Second Operation of the Intellect . Judgment = the act of the intellect which composes or divides by affirming or denying. 39. Terminus (oralis) = vox significativa ad placitum. 32. Notae conceptus = elementa vel aspectus 32. Genus = the universal in regards to its inferiors specifically distinct with incomplete quiddity. 41. Genus = universale respiciens inferiora specie distincta. Analogy of proportion = the mutual equality of two proportions. Proprium = universale respiciens inferiora. 37. Secunda Operatio Intellectus 44. 35. Universale = unum aptum inesse pluribus.

58. 46. 48. Thing = a synonym of being saying rather its . Moral conscience = the judgment of the practical 51. causisque conclusionis. 61. statement from singulars sufficiently enumerated. 50. Being = that whose act is to be. 53. notioribus conclusion. 61. first. immediatis. Oration (phrase) = sequence of terms. circa moralitatem actionum. Division = a sentence which separates a thing or a noun into different parts. 51. 60. Oratio = sequentia terminorum. Induction = progression towards a universal 55. Propositio = oratio quae aliquid de aliquo affirmat vel negat. 56. 59. alia infertur necessarie the affirmation of the premises. Argumentum = oratio significans sequelam unius one thing from another. another is necessarily inferred from propositionibus positis. Argument = a phrase which signifies the passage of 53. 47. 55. = id quod exercet actum essendi. Definitio = oratio naturam rei aut termini significationem exponens. duabus proportions. Conscientia moralis = iudicium rationis practicae reason concerning the morality of the acts. = that which exercises the act of being. notione. 57. prioribus. immediate. Transcendentals Transcendentalia 58. = a syllogism based on the true. 49. = that which has being. ex alio. Demonstratio = syllogismus faciens scire. ex ipsa positione antecedentium. 59. 47. = syllogismus constans ex veris. Inductio = a singularibus sufficienter enumeratis. Third Operations of the Intellect Tertia Operatio Intellectus 52. Ens = id cuius actus est esse. 56. 50. out of two 54.a universal mode of being insofar as being. Reasoning = the act of the mind by which the 52. Proposition = a phrase which affirms or denies something about something. 54. Transcendentale = universalis modus entis inquantum entis. Syllogism = reasoning by which. ad universale progressio. 62. Transcendental. Definition = the sequence which exposes the nature of a thing or the signification of a term. 57. proper and more known causes of the primis. First principle = a proposition known to all necessarily (per se). 49. Demonstration = a syllogism which makes something known. = id quod habet esse. Primum principium = propositio per se nota omnibus. 60. 48. Syllogismus = ratiocinium quo. Ratiocinium = actus mentis quo convenientia vel convenience or disconvenience of two ideas is repuqnantia duarum idearum infertur ex inferred by the proportion (conformity / proportione quam habent cum una tertia difformity) which they have to a third notion.46. Divisio = oratio rem vel nomen per suas partes distribuens.

63. Unum = ens indivisum. 78. 70. Act = an entity which perfects and determines a thing according to its nature. Exsistere = poni extra causas et extra nihil. One = undivided being. To be = that by which the being is. 75. 76. Necessary = that which cannot not be. = (stricte) plenitudo entis cui nullus deficit actus ad eius plenam actualitatem requisitus. 64. Privatio = carentia perfectionis in subiecto apto. 76. 72. Necessarium = id quod non potest non esse. Contingent = that which can be not. vel exsistit. Perfectio = (late) actualitas quaecumque. 67. 65. 78. Potentia obedientialis = elevabilitas naturae ad actum excedentem omnes naturales vires. Consistere = ex componentibus componi. Praedicamenta 77. Evil = privation of a due good. Actus = entitas perficiens et determinans rem in suo ordine. 71. 75. 67. 79. 65. Good = being in relation to the will.essence. True = being in relation to the intellect. or exists. Bonum = ens relate ad appetitum. 62. Something = being divided from others and non-being. Beautiful = what pleases when apprehended. 66. 70. To consist = to be composed out of components. Pulchrum = id quod apprehensum placet. Potentia = entitas imperfecta capax perfectionis.Potency Actus – Potentia 68. Potency = imperfect entity capable of perfection. 79. Motus = actus entis in potentia quatenus in potentia. Predicament = the supreme genus of being. 72. 80. Predicaments 81. Privation = lack of perfection in a disposed subject. Perfection = (broad sense) any act/entity 73. Obediential potency = the elevability of nature to an act exceeding all its natural powers. Aliquid = ens divisum ab aliis et a non ente. 77. To exist = to be placed outside of its causes and out of nothing. Contingens = id quod potest non esse. Act . 64. 69. . Esse = id quo ens est. 63. Res = synonymum entis dicens potius eius essentiam. 74. 73. 71. Movement = the act of a being in potency insofar as it is in potency. 74. 66. Malum = privatio boni debiti. 68. 80. = (strict sense) the plenitude of a being which is lacking no act necessary to its full actuation. 69. Verum = ens relate ad intellectum.

94. 85. Suppositum = substantia individua completa in ratione speciei. 83. Life = self motion. cum insit. 91. 89. 92. Supposit = an individuated substance complete in its species. Prime matter = the first subject out of which. Substance = that to which it belongs to be in itself and not in another as in a subject. 87. Materia = id ex quo aliquid fit. 94. Personalitas = subsistentia personae. Nature = the principle and cause of motion and rest of a thing in which it is necessarily and not accidentally.81. 88. Essentia = id quo ens est id quod est. Person = the supposit of a rational nature. Quality = accident determining or modifying the substance in itself. Species = the form determining completely the essence of a thing. Soul = the first act of a body living in potency. 93. 97. 89. Anima = actus primus corporis in potentia viventis. 90. Accident = that to which it belongs to be in another an not in itself as in a subject. Subsistence = a positive and natural mode terminating the nature in the line of essence. 98. answers the question about a thing. 96. Vita = sui-motio. Natura = principium et causa motus et quietis eius in quo est per se et non secundum accidens. Quidditas = synonymum essentiae. 86. becomes but not by accident. 86. 98. fit aliquid et non per accidens. 87. something while in it. Forma = elementum determinativum cuiuscumque essentiae. 84. 84. . Subsistere = esse in se et non in alio sicut in subiecto. Form = the determinative element of every essence. Accidens = id cui competit esse in alio et non in 99. Materia prima = subiectum primum ex quo. 88. 91. Quiddity = a synonym of essences by which one rei. quo respondetur quaestioni super rem "quid est ?' 96. Essence = that by which a being is what it is. 90. 93. Individual = a thing undivided in itself and divided from everything else. To subsist = to be in itself and not in another as in a subject. Praedicamentum = genus supremum entis. 97. 85. 82. Individuum = indivisum in se et divisum a quolibet alio. 82. Personality = the subsistence of a person. Substantia = id cui competit esse in se et non in alia sicut in subiecto. Species = forma determinans complete essentiam 95. "what is it?" 95. Subsistentia = modus naturalis positivus terminans naturam in linea essentiae. 83. Matter = that out of which something becomes. Persona = suppositum naturae rationalis. 92.

112. 101. 105. Passio = accidens per quod subiectum constituitur actu recipiens effectum ab agente. 106. 107. Ubi = id ratione cuius res in loco constituitur. Relation = the accident whose whole being is to be ordered to another. Will = intellective appetite. the order of the parts in the place. Quantity = the accident which extends the substance into different parts. 116. 102. Quantitas = accidens extensivum substantiae in partes.se sicut in subiecto inhaesionis. Habit = stable quality disposing the subject to be or act well or bad. 105. 112. Intellectus = potentia cognoscitiva essentiarum rerum. 108. 99. 113. Operative potency = proximate principle of acting simply and absolutely. 109. Patibilis qualitas = accidens diu permanens sensibilem alterationem causans vel ab alteratione sensibili causatum. 113. 109. 100. 114. 102. Position = accident disposing the thing localized in relation to the place. 104. 107. Actio = motus potentiae operativae ut a potentia procedens. 110. Action = the movement of the operative power insofar as it proceeds from the power. Potentia (operativa) = principium proximum agendi simpliciter et absolute. 111. When = accident of a thing which has some . Passion = the accident by which the subject becomes the receiver in act of the effect of the agent. 103. 111. Where = that by which a thing is constituted in a place. Relatio = accidens cuius totum inesse est ad aliud se habere. 104. 103. 114. Qualitas = accidens determinativum seu modificativum substantiae in seipsa. Appetite = the inclination seeking/following a form. 110. Forma vel Figura = qualitas seu modus in corpore ex terminatione quantitatis. 101. 100. Appetitus inclinatio sequens formam. Beatitude = perfect good of the intellective nature. Form/figure = quality or mode in the body produced by the completion of quantity. Passible quality = a lasting accident causing a sensible alteration or caused by a sensible alteration. Disposition = quality easily mobile disposing the subject to be or act well or bad. Place = first immobile extremity of the surface of a body. 106. Dispositio = qualitas facile mobilis disponens subiectum ad bene vel male esse sive operari. Intellect = the power of knowing the essences of things. Locus = corporis ambientis terminus primus immobilis. 115. Habitus = qualitas stabilis disponens subiectum ad bene vel male esse sive operari. 108. Voluntas = appetitus intellectivus. Beatitudo = bonum perfectum intellectualis naturae.

Sign = that which. Differentia = ea quae aliquam convenientiam habent et per aliquid superadditum differunt. Relations . Transcendental relation = the order of an absolute being ordered necessarily (per se). ex adiacentione temporis a quo rei illius duratio mensuratus est. Distinct things = those things. any way. 125. Final cause = that for the sake of which something becomes. Relationes – Comparationes 119. Diverse things = those things which have nothing in common.115. Causa finalis = id propter quod aliquid fit. 127. Cause = whatever influences the being of a thing. 118. 128. Different things = those things which have something in common. 121. Habitus = illa affectio quae in subiecto ex vestimento resultat. which they cannot agree in the same thing under the same aspect simultaneously. Time = measure of the movement according to before and after. 125. 124. which is measured by addition of time. 129. Situs = accidens disponens rem locatam in ordine ad locum = ordo partium in loco. one of which is not the other. Principle = that from which something proceeds in se ordinati. 130. 123. 123. Opposition = relation between several things by et seipsis differunt. 121. Causa = omne quod influit esse rei. Relatio transcendentalis = ordo entis absoluti per 122. 127. 128. reveals the knowledge of something else. Efficient cause = that which by its action produces the thing in existence. 129.Comparisons 119. 126. Habit = that particular addition to the subject which results from a garment. 117. Principium = id a quo aliquid procedit quocumque modo. and differ by some addition. 117. and differ among themselves. 122. besides the species produced in the senses. Relatio = ordo unius ad aliud. 126. Diversa = ea quae nullam convenientiam habent. 118. 116. Quando = accidens in re durante. 120. 124. Privative opposition = the opposition between a thing and its privation. Contradictory opposition = the opposition between a thing and its negation. duration. 120. Oppositio = habitudo plurium inter se vi cuius eidem sub eodem aspectu simul convenire nequeunt. Tempus = numerus motus secundum prius et posterius. Relation = the order of one thing to another. Signum = id quod praeter speciem quam ingerit sensibus facit aliquid aliud in cognitionem devenire. Distincta = ea quorum unum non est aliud. Causa efficiens = id quod actione sua rem producit in esse. . 131.

131. simultaneous. Oppositio relativa = oppositio inter ea quae ordinem sive respectum ad invicem dicunt. Creatio = productio ex nihilo et subjecti 132. 134. Aeternitas = interminabilis vitae tota simul et perfecta possessio. Contrary opposition = the opposition between those things which are most distant in the same genus. Eternity = wholesome. 132. 135. Oppositio contratia = oppositio inter ea quae in eodem genere maxime distant. Creation = production from nothing of its own or of the subjects. 133. and perfect possession of the interminable life. Oppositio privativa = oppositio inter rem eiusque privationem.130. Relative opposition = the opposition between those thing which are ordained or have respect to each other. 135. Oppositio contradictoria = oppositio inter rem eiusque negationem. 133. 134. .

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