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Steam

Kinetic Coil

Electrical

Boils water

Turbine
M ag net

Heat Boiler Generator Burning of fuel ELECTRICITY

TURBINE LUBE OIL SYSTEM GLAND SEAL STEAM CONDENSER EJECTOR CEP GLAND STEAM CONDENSER LP HEATER DEAREATOR BFP HP HEATER

 A steam turbine is a mechanical device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam, and converts it into useful mechanical work.

In the 1st century, The first steam device that may be classified as a reaction steam turbine was invented by Hero of Alexandria in Egypt. The modern steam turbine was invented in 1884 by the Englishman Charles A. Parsons, whose first model was connected to a dynamo that generated 7.5 kW of electricity.

Impulse Turbine Reaction Turbine

For 800MW
    THE MINIMUM STEAM PARAMETERS TO BE CONSIDERED FOR EACH UNIT WILL BE; PRESSURE 247 KG/SQ.CM (abs) MAIN STEAM TEMP. 535 0C REHEAT TEMP. 565 0C

Purpose of Lube oil system
To reduce the wear and tear of the rotating elements. To maintain the temperature of the bearings.

Using for……
Cooling of Turbine and Generator bearings. Sealing medium in Hydrogen cooling system Turbine barring gear operation. Working fluid in Governing system

 Steam is supplied to the sealing chamber at 1.03 to 1.05 Kg/sq.cm abs and at temperature 130 deg.C To 150 deg.C from the header.  Air steam mixture from the last sealing chamber is sucked out with the help of a special steam ejector to gland steam cooler.  Provision has been made to supply live steam at the front sealing of H.P. and I.P. rotor to control the differential expansion, when rotor goes under contraction during a trip or sharp load reduction.

Seal Arrangement

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What is condensate?
 The steam after condensing in the condenser known as condensate, is extracted out of the condenser hot well by condensate pump and taken to the deaerator through ejectors, gland steam cooler and series of LP heaters.

Steam Inlet Cooling water Outlet

Cooling water inlet

Steam Inlet

Cooling water Outlet

Tube Bundle

Cooling water inlet

CONDENSER (For 800MW)
 TYPE SURFACE TYPE  CW FLOW 89000 M3/HR.  DESIGN COOLING WATER TEMPERATURE 32 0C

Purpose of Steam Ejector
Ejector system uses steam as the motive fluid to remove any noncondensible gases that may be present in the surface condenser.

 The function of CEP pumps is to pumps out the condensate to the deaerator thru' ejectors, gland steam cooler, and L.P. heaters. These pumps have multi stages and since the suction is at a negative pressure, special arrangements have been made for providing sealing.

CONDENSATE EXTRACTION PUMPS 3X50% - 850 M3/HR.

Gland Steam Condenser Package pulls a slight vacuum on the turbine shaft seals by means of vacuum pumps, centrifugal blowers, or steam ejectors. This allows capture of the leaked steam and air mixture. Once captured, the steam is separated from the air and condensed in a shell and tube condenser. The condensate drains out the bottom while the air is pulled out the top. The condensed steam is then sent back to the steam cycle with the other condensate.

Purpose of Deaeration
 To remove oxygen, carbon dioxide and other non condensable gases from feed water  To heat the incoming makeup water and return condensate to an optimum temperature for:
– Minimizing solubility of the undesirable gases – Providing the highest temperature water for injection to the boiler

Principle of Deaeration
 Henrys law: The mass of gas with definite mass of liquid will dissolve at a given temperature and is directly proportional to the partial pressure of the gas in contact with the liquid. This holds within close limits for any gas, which does not unite chemically with the solvent.  Solubility Law: Solubility of gases decreases with increase in solution temperature and/or decrease in pressure.

Purpose of HP&LP Feed water Heater  A Feed water heater is a component used to pre-heat water delivered to the boiler. Preheating the feed water reduces the amount of energy needed to make steam and thus reduces plant operation costs. This improves the thermodynamic efficiency of the system.

For 660 MW
Shell side Tube side : : Heater‑1 0.35 MPa 150 oC 4.0 MPa 150 oC Heater‑2 0.35 150 4.0 150 Heater‑3 0.53 170 4.0 160 Heater‑4 0.53 280 4.0 160

For 660 MW
Shell side Tube side Heater‑6 : 2.5 MPa 490/230 oC : 34 230 Heater‑7 5.4 345/270 34 270 Heater‑8 7.8 400/30 34 300

Purpose of Boiler Feed Water Pump
A boiler feedwater pump is a specific type of pump used to pump feedwater into a steam boiler. The water may be freshly supplied or returning condensate produced as a result of the condensation of the steam produced by the boiler. These pumps are normally high pressure units that use suction from a condensate return system and can be of the centrifugal pump type or positive displacement type.

BFP Requirement For 800MW
    NO 2W (TURBINE DRIVEN) + 1S ( AC MOTOR DRIVEN) CAPACITY ( 2X50%-1545 M3//HR. APPROX.) TURBINE DRIVEN AC MOTOR DRIVEN

Horizontal type Multistage Turbine Pump Boiler Feed Pump for Thermal Power Plant 200mm x 150mm x 5S GM-CH 285m3/h x 921m x 930kW (Induction Motor)

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