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RENEE DOMINIQUE M.

CASTILLO GRADE 8 ONYX SUBMITTED TO: MAAM EDITH FAUNI

ROBOTS
- Are machines created by humans with artificial intelligence. - Each robot created has specific uses according to its body parts and abilities. Ex : a military robot usually has weapons on its arms or legs or maybe even its whole body and usually , it has the ability to distinguish between ally and foe or, it is controlled by a human using remote control or has a human on pilot inside it. - It can be created to look like a human or a humanoid robot .

- Nowadays, many cell phones are touch screens , meaning they can respond to the touches on their screens. - They help us communicate with other people in far places, but without load, we cannot. - They help us in many things ,like studying through internet, but some people use the internet unwisely , making them addicted to internet games in cell phones. - It has the characteristics of a camera , so that it can take picture. - It is a prototype that can take videos ,tv, games, and more.

HIGH-TECH EYEGLASSES
ADLENS VARIABLE FOCUS Yes, its an unfortunate name; Adlens glasses may be the one place in todays world where you wont encounter advertising. Ad, in this case, is short for adjustable; these are variable -focus glasses. The lenses of the Lennon and Hemispheres styles ($80 and $100; adlens.com) are filled with liquid, and cylindrical plastic knobs protrude from the sides. By turning the knobs, you precisely adjust the liquid pressure on a curved membrane inside the lens, affecting its power (from 4.5 to +3.5 diopters). They can handle even severe nearsightedness or farsightedness. They dont work for the blurriness of astigmatism, but theyre perfect for presbyopia (better known as over -40reading-glasses-syndrome). There are distinct advantages to variable-focus glasses like these. First, you can tweak the lenses independently for each eye. Second, you can adjust them for different situations tired eyes often need more help or even different people. Theyre a natural for restaurants, which can hand them out to patrons whove forgotten their reading glasses. Third, you can adjust them yourself, without requiring an eye doctor or a prescription. Thats a big deal in poor countries like Rwanda, where, Adlens says, there are 10 million people but only 14 optometrists. Even though a million Rwandans need glasses, almost nobody has them, according to the company. When you buy a pair of these glasses, Adlens donates a pair for distribution in Rwanda.

WATERMILL
Remember those sweltering summer days when the air was so muggy you could practically drink it? A new home appliance is promising to make that possible by converting outdoor air into nearly 13 quarts of fresh water every day. Originally envisioned as an antidote to the shortage of clean drinking water in the world, the WaterMill has the look of a futuristic air conditioner and the ability to condense, filter and sterilize water for about 3 cents per quart. At $1,299, the 45-pound device doesnt come cheap, and it is neither the first nor the biggest machine to enter the fast-growing field of atmospheric water generators. But by targeting individual households with a self-cleaning, environmentally friendly alternative to bottled water, Kelowna, British Columbiabased Element Four is hoping its WaterMill will become the new must-have appliance of 2009. The idea is making this thing intelligent, said Jonathan Ritchey, inventor of the original WaterMill prototype and president of Element Four. So what happens is the machine knows where it is. If you put it in a rainforest, it will sample that environment every three minutes, and it will adapt. Ditto for a desert. That adaptation, he said during a November preview at Manhattans WIRED Store, is critical for energy efficiency.

TURNING CARBON DIOXIDE INTO FUEL


Imagine a machine that could suck carbon dioxide right out of the air and magically transform it into a usable product. It may seem like wishful thinking, but thats exactly what researchers at the Sandia National Laboratories hope to do. Theyve created a protoype of a device that can turn carbon dioxide into a liquid fuel.

Lead developer Rich Diver recently tested the Counter-Rotating-Ring Receiver Reactor Recuperator (CR5) for the first time. Using the suns energy and a series of chemical reactions, the device converts carbon dioxide from power plants into fuels like gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. While CR5 is still in its infancy, Diver hopes that the machine will be used as an alternative to carbon sequestration, a method of capturing carbon dioxide from power plants and injecting it underground.The cyllindrical machine contains two chambers and 14 rotating rings coated with iron oxide.

Using a solar concentrator, scientists heat one of the chambers up to 1,500 celsius., causing the iron oxide to undergo a chemical reaction where it releases oxygen molecules. As the rings rotate, the heated chamber approaches the cold chamber and starts to cool. Scientists then pump carbon dioxide into the chamber, and the iron oxide pulls its lost oxygen molecules from the carbon dioxide, creating carbon monoxide. Scientists can also use the CR5 to create hydrogen. By mixing the hydrogen and carbon monoxide together, researchers can create syngas, a combustible fuel. But before we can see any cars or planes running on gas made from carbon, scientists need to boost the machines efficiency. Consumers shouldnt expect to see this technology in use for at least another 15-20 years.Its important to note that while this machine seems like it would be useful for removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, burning the transportation fuel it creates would then produce more pollution and greenhouse gases. Syngas is certainly not clean-burning. But, as of yet, no ones come up with a successful way of keeping power plants carbon dioxide from spewing into the atmosphere evencarbon sequestration has a long way to go, and some question whether the technology will ever really be feasible. The CR5 may have its limitations, but any project that furthers research on removing carbon from the atmosphere deserves a closer look.