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22000 Food Safety Management Systems: An overview of the requirements


Introduction to ISO 22000 and FSSC 22000


Who is ISO?
• The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) creates many different types of standards.
– ISO is made up of Standards Institutes from 154 different countries. – Member countries work together to develop and approve standards.


What is ISO 22000?
• It is a Food Safety Management System (FSMS) that uses a management system approach and HACCP requirements. • The goal is to provide one internationally recognized standard for a food safety management system that can be applied to any organization in the food chain.


What is FSSC 22000?
• FSSC 22000 is a Food Safety Certification that uses ISO 22000 and PAS 220
• PAS 220 gives the requirements for Prerequisite Programs for food manufacturers. • This document was added to ISO 22000 to create a system that could be benchmarked by the Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) • Some large retailers require suppliers to have a GFSI benchmarked scheme.


FSSC 22000 or ISO 22000?
• If your customers want a GFSI registration scheme, then you will use FSSC 22000 • FSSC 22000 applies only to food manufacturers, so if you are not a manufacturer, you will use ISO 22000 • Manufacturers will need to evaluate the market and determine which standard is most appropriate for them 6

How does an organization become 22000 registered?
• You need to decide if your goal is ISO 22000 compliance– You will implement the system and follow it, and use self-assesment to demonstrate conformity

• If your goal is ISO 22000 Registration
– You will implement the ISO 22000 system in your organization,

• If your goal is FSSC 22000 Registration
– You will implement the ISO 22000 system, and the PAS 220 prerequisite programs 7

Implementation Techniques


Implementation of ISO 22000 or FSSC 22000
• You will need to develop an implementation plan that covers:
– Education on the contents of the standard – A comparison of your current system to the requirements of ISO 22000, often called a gap analysis – A comparison of your current prerequisite programs against the requirements of PAS 220 (for FSSC 22000) – A timeline of the implementation steps based on the gap analysis – Time to run the Food Safety Management System, collect records and make improvements before your registration audit.


Implementation Steps
• Assign a Food Safety Management Team
– This team will be active in the design and development of the FSMS and participate in the continued management of the system.

• Assign a Management Team (22000 Steering Team)
– This team will also be active in both the design and development and the ongoing management of the system.


Implementation Steps:
• The Management Team will act as a steering team for the project, assigning responsibilities, providing resources and coordinating the project.
– The Management Team can assign task teams to work on specific processes that must be designed and documented for the FSMS.


Implementation Steps:
• Each task team will evaluate the current process that they are assigned to and the requirements of the standard.
– A new or modified process will be developed, documented and submitted to the Management Team for review and approval.


Implementation Steps
• After the task teams have designed and documented a new or modified process, it must be implemented. Train all employees that are involved in the process • When the required processes have been implemented, start your internal audit program and management review meetings.


Implementation Steps
• Use information from internal audits and management review to make improvements to the FSMS. Run your system long enough to generate records for the Registrar to audit. • Make sure all employees are trained on your 22000 FSMS • Have a Registrar conduct your Registration Audit.


Overview of Requirements
ISO 22000 and FSSC 22000


Overview of Requirements: General
• The organization must develop an effective system that meets the requirements of the Standard, document, implement and maintain the system. • The system must be evaluated and updated to stay current.


Overview of Requirements: Management
• Management must be involved in and committed to the FSMS. They will write the Food Safety Policy and be responsible for making sure it is communicated and implemented. • Top Management must be involved in the design and implementation of the FSMS. Many specific responsibilities are assigned to Top Management to ensure their input and participation. • After implementation Management will conduct management review to ensure continued effectiveness of the system.


Overview of Requirements: Resources
• The FSMS must clarify what resources, human and physical are required to create safe product. • During development of the system you will determine how to ensure competent personnel, identify training that is required, and identify the infrastructure and work environment required


Overview of Requirements: Making your product
• Your organization will need to plan all of the processes that go into making your product to ensure safe product. • Prerequisite programs will be established, implemented and evaluated on an ongoing basis. If you are looking for FSSC 22000 Certification, your prerequisite programs must meet the requirements of PAS 220.


Overview of Requirements: Making your product
• Establish and document a system for:
– – – – – Collecting preliminary information for hazard analysis Conducting hazard analysis Establishing the HACCP Plan Conducting verification activities Tracing product, materials and distribution


Overview of Requirements: Nonconforming Product
• Establish and document a system for controlling all nonconforming product
– When a Critical Control point is exceeded potentially unsafe product must be identified, assessed, controlled and dispositioned appropriately. An established withdrawal process is necessary so quick action can be taken if needed. – Identify corrections and corrective actions to be taken to eliminate the nonconformity and the cause of nonconformity.


Overview of Requirements: Validation
• Establish and document a process to validate control measures before they are implemented. Plan for revalidation when changes are made. • Ensure that all measuring and monitoring devices and methods are capable of providing the accuracy needed.


Overview of Requirements: Verification
• Establish and document an internal audit process. Train auditors, and plan internal audits to establish an audit program that will determine if the FSMS is effective and up to date. • Implement a process for the Food Safety Team to evaluate and analyze verification results and take any necessary actions.


Overview of Requirements: Improvement
• Continually improve the FSMS through the use of:
– – – – – Management review Internal audits Corrective actions Verification results Validation results

• Update the FSMS


22000 Templates and Tools

• 22000 Food Safety Management Systems
– Start your project with our professionally designed documentation. – Our 22000 FSMS Document package provides you with Microsoft Word and Excel documents to use as a foundation for your FSMS. – Customize these procedures, forms and Food Safety Manual to save time and ensure an efficient, effective system.


Step by Step Workbook and Presentations
22000 Workbook and Presentation Package • Detailed checklists, exercises and training presentations to help you lead your team through the implementation process • Five sections, each with a training presentation guide you through:
• • • • • The Project Plan Introduction to ISO 22000 GMP-CODEX-HACCP Your HACCP Plan ISO 22000 Registration 27

ISO 22000 Computer-based Training
• “Understanding ISO 22000 Food Safety Management Systems”
• A computer based training program that your team or employees can work through on their own to learn the requirements of ISO 22000. • A training certificate is provided after the participant passes the final test. • Use this training to train your management team, those involved in the implementation and all of your employees. • This training can be customized with your company name, logo and food safety policy as well as other customizing you request.


Get all our Tools in a Value Package:
• ISO 22000 Complete Package
• • • • • Introduction to ISO 22000: Computer Training Step by Step Workbook and Presentation Package Gap Analysis/Internal Audit Checklist ISO 22000 PowerPoint Presentation with speaker notes ISO 22000 Documentation Package
» Procedures » Forms » Food Safety Manual

• ISO 22000 Internal Auditor Training CD


Internal Auditor Training on CD
• This computerized training program will prepare your internal audit team to conduct internal audits of your Food Safety Management System
• The training include 4 sections:
» » » » Requirements of ISO 22000 Principles of HACCP Prerequisite Programs Internal Auditing

• The Internal Audit section will teach audit techniques and procedures and coach the participant through a practice audit at your facility. • The training includes audit forms as well as procedures and checklists for the practice audit. 30

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