STORAGE TANK DESIGN CALCULATION - API 650 1 .

0 DESIGN CODE & SPECIFICATION DESIGN CODE TANK Item number Roof ( Open/Close ) Type of roof ( Cone-roof / Dome-roof / Flat-roof / NA ) GEOMETRIC DATA Inside diameter , Di ( corroded ) (@ 39,000 mm ) Nominal diameter, Dn ( new ) ( based on 1st shell course ) Nominal diameter, Dc ( corroded ) ( based on 1st shell course ) Tank height (tan/tan), H Specific gravity of operating liquid , S.G. (Actual) Specific gravity of operating liquid , S.G. (Design) Nominal capacity , V Maximum design liquid level, HL PRESSURE & TEMPERATURE Design pressure : Upper , Pu : Lower , Pl Design temperature : Upper , Tu : Lower , Tl MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Component Material Tensile Stress St(N/mm²) 448.00 448.00 448.00 448.00 448.00 448.00 448.00 448.00 Yield Stress Sy(N/mm²) 241.00 241.00 241.00 241.00 241.00 241.00 241.00 241.00 Corrosion Allowance c.a.(mm) 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.00 3.00 3.00

: API 650 11th Edition

1 .1

: 7061T-3901 : Close : Floating Roof

1 .2

= = = = = = = =

39,006 39,028 39,031 20,700 0.790 1.00 24736 20,700

mm mm mm mm

m³ mm

1 .3

(Atmospheric) = = = =

0.00 0.00 70 -17

mbarg mbarg Vac °C °C

1 .4

PLATE Shell Plate

( Mat'l Code # 1 ) (bot) ( Mat'l Code # 2 ) (top)

Annular Plate Bottom Plate Roof Plate STRUCTURE MEMBERS Roof structure (rafter,bracing,etc ) Top Curb Angle Intermediate Wind Girder

A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N

2 .75 180.67 160.hydo & min.500 mm 2 .00 241.67 160. 65N A 516 GR.00 241.K.10 3. 65N A 516 GR.000 1.00 13.020 2.75 180.design (mm) t.67 180. ( in mm ) 4. O. width as per PTS 34. (mm) t. 65N 2.1 SHELL THICKNESS CALCULATION BY ONE-FOOT METHOD SHELL DESIGN GEOMETRIC DATA Plate size used Shell plate min.K.45 5.75 - : : 2. 65N A 516 GR.75 180.3 ) tt = St Gravitational force = 9. 65N A 516 GR.40 21. .67 160.49 18. Mat'l Code No.000 1.440 2. 65N A 516 GR.31 clause 6.67 160.00 448. of t.440 2.67 12.02 16.700 18.440 2.00 11.85 11.00 O.020 20.00 28.26 8.30 24.77 11.75 180.00 448.00 mm = 11.75 180.00 241.000 1.000 1. 65N A 516 GR.75 180.01.G td = + c. 65N A 516 GR.3.00 241.75 180.000 160. tensile min.500 6. tsc = Thicknes selected & used 2 .020 2.00 19.440 2. yield reduction fac design hydro.440 2. (mm) Result A 516 GR.58 15.04 21.67 160.1 Minimum thickness as per PTS 34.a (mm) 3. 65N A 516 GR.K. 65N A 516 GR. O.01.81 m/s t.440 mm 1.00 3. thickness as per PTS.00 1.00 448.test stress stress ( App.000 1.6.000 1.K.00 mm 2 . 65N - 2 .00 3.00 448.58 15. O.40 21.00 241.2 No Corrosion allowance c.000 1.0.00 448.00 25.96 1.67 160. O.00 16.00 - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A 516 GR.6.K.1.260 15.020 27.68 6.3 MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Material used Specified Specified Yield stress Max.00 448.3 ).min (mm) tsc.00 448. O. allow min. 65N A 516 GR.00 11.1 ) SI METRIC UNIT :Design shell thickness.00 22. ( in mm ) 4.00 448.67 12.00 11.4 SHELL THICKNESS CALCULATION BY ONE-FOOT METHOD ( CLAUSE 5.00 241. M ) stress stress St (N/mm²) Sy (Nmm²) k Sd (N/mm²) St (N/mm²) 448.00 241.9Dn ( H .K.00 3.30 24.82 27.00 3.design.min = Min.9Dc ( [H+Hi] .00 3.K.060 4. 65N A 516 GR.00 11.940 8.380 10. O.K.0.67 160.00 11.43 13.00 241. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 CALCULATION & RESULTS Material Width (mm) Height (mm) t.K.51.440 2. O. 65N A 516 GR. allow Max. 65N A 516 GR.86 7.000 1.31 : API 650 11th Edition = 8.820 13.00 241.0 2 .75 180. t.60 19.51.hydro.00 3.040 2. 65N A 516 GR.3 SPECIFIED MINIMUM SHELL THICKNESS Specification Minimum thickness as per API 650 cl 5.00 3.67 160. O.5 No. 65N A 516 GR.77 9.49 18. 65N A 516 GR.a Sd Hydrostatic test shell thickness .00 3.

591.82 9.020 21.6 No.43 2985.940 8.87 29.18 3.060 4.470.00 25.287.700 18.06 11.820 13.060 4.803.29 4. Max.040 2.30 366.77 526.952. MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE STRESS Height (mm) t.27 5.40 21. allowable stress at shell course.705.43 7.67 12.00 11.260 15.803.07 Effective liquid head at design pressure Max.025. (mm) H' (mm) H' max (mm) ∆H (mm) P'max N/m² Pmax N/m² 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 20.378.00 11. .940 8.min (mm) tsc.00 13.103.700 18.00 11.025.378.00 11.30 24.41 5.77 11.29 4.016.00 28.00 11.82 9. allowable stress for tsc.18 3.591.040 2.53 16.306.82 205.025.87 29.43 7.94 2.470.06 2. Max.016.016.380 10.43 5.820 13.94 2.260 15.77 18.59 7.00 20.30 13.165.53 446.58 15.2 .41 5.225.07 49.82 2.59 965.82 8.786.49 18.952.266.00 16.020 H' = H' max = P'max = Pmax = 27.00 22.500 6.746.287.06 285. liquid head for tsc.43 606.500 6.380 10.43 5005.165.06 2.00 19.

use thickness of (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) : yes (@ API 650 Clause 5.5) Min.33 N/mm² = = = = = 39. 5. test stress in 1st shell course.5. use thickness of 16.a.70 m 1. Dn ( new ) ( based on 1st shell course ) H = Design liquid level tsc1 = Nominal thickness of 1st shell course Annular plate thickness ( As per Table 5-1a ) Minimum thickness required (@ 3. = = = = = = = 13.a ) 9.2) (iv) Min.3.028 m 20. width projected outside of shell ( cl.2) . ) mm (ta) is satisfactory. radial width of annular plate (cl. shell-to-bottom fillet welds size (cl.1.000 mm 20.9Dn(H-0.00 mm 9.1.7) (iii) Min.00 mm 600 mm 756.00 Therefore .09 mm 16.5 where ta = Annular plate thickness HL = Maximum design liquid level SG = Design specific gravity (v) Min. width of overlapping (cl.5. SG )0.00 mm c. == = = 6. 5.1 3.00 mm mm c.4.1) - mm 25 mm 1800 mm 50 mm ANNULAR PLATE (i) Nominal thickness of 1st shell course. 5.4. 5. 5.00 mm Min.5. tsc1 Hydro.5.00 mm (tb) is = = satisfactory.00 mm 139.0 BOTTOM & ANNULAR PLATE DESIGN BOTTOM PLATE & ANNULAR PLATE DESIGN Annular plate used ? ( yes/no ) BOTTOM PLATE (i) Minimum thickness as per Minimum thickness required Therefore.00 = = 28.700 m 28. width of plate (cl.00 50 mm (ii) Min.3 . 4. width projected inside of shell to edge of overlapping (cl.00 mm 9. 5.000 mm 6.2) 215 ta La = (HL.3) St = tsc1 where Dn = Nominal diameter.

492 Neutral axis of combined section. therefore the angle size selected is = = 76 x 76 x 6.1 4 .148 4.1. L2 Toe plate length.61141 2 6600 420.tsc.4 8380 mm3 = 75 x 75x 10 = satisfactory. 1000 mm MINIMUM REQUIREMENT Minimum required size as per API 650 clause 5. Za Since Za > Zmin .cor = 8.095. Location of top wind girders from top of tank.9. 13500 mm3 TOP WIND GIRDER The required minimum section modulus of the stiffening ring shall be as follows:Z= where Dc H2 V Dc².H2 17 V 190 2 = = = = = 1007 cm³ 1.h² (mm4) 385062615 1932482.140 mm³ 39. L3 Web plate thk.ROOF TO SHELL JUNCTION CALCULATION 4 .00 2.11141 3 2.833 374.00 km/hr = Nominal Tank Diameter = Height of tank shell = Wind Velocity MEMBER SIZE USED FOR TOP WIND GIDER Available section modulus Fabricated Tee.148. top curb angle is required.923 374343750 20.161 mm4 = 2.39 TOTAL 11.3. C1 Moment of inertia of section .TOP STIFFENER RING TOP CURB ANGLE If the top wind girder is located 600 mm below top of the tank.007.2 > Zmin . L = Since L is > 600mm from top of tank.2 Section modulus. t3 Min.Z min MEMBER SIZE USED FOR TOP CURB ANGLE Actual size for top curb angle Section modulus.00 mm mm = 128 mm 3 A Y AY h (mm²) (mm) (mm³) (mm) 1 2048 4. t2 Toe plate thk.878. Za Since Za 4 .662 mm³ satisfactory.375.000 400.162.7 m 140. tsc.Girder Web plate length.cor tsc. top curn angle shall be provided.655. .500 838.00 8192 433. therefore the angle size selected is A.1.cor C1 D= 39037 : T 825 x 250 x 8 x 10 = 825 mm = 250 mm = 8 mm = 10 mm = 8.031 m 20.5 2775300 17. shell thickness where top wind girder located.506 = 438 mm = 1.1 DESIGN OF OPEN ROOF TANK .4 ######### ######### I = (bd³)/12 (mm4) 10.00 mm 10 mm X 2 8 250 mm 1 X 825 mm L1=16. Ix-x Section modulus available.

00 km/hr ts.cor Dc 3 x 190 ² V = = = = = 9.440 281 4 16.440 1. H2 = 9. L1 = 4615 mm L2 = .mm L4 = .00 2.mm L5 = .020 9 8.5 .0 5 .00 2.230 mm 5 .397 7 8.00 2.00 2.020 8 8.9.cor = Top shell course thickness Dc = Nominal tank diameter V = Wind design speed LOCATION OF INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS Shell Shell Actual Transposed course thickness width width tsc.7.1 INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS CALCULATION INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS DESIGN MAXIMUM HEIGHT OF THE UNSTIFFENED SHELL ( CLAUSE 5.00 2.182 m 9182 mm 8.00 mm 39.440 431 5 13.cor W Wtr (mm) (mm) (mm) 1 25.00 2.00 2. = 1 Location of intermediate wind girders from top of tank.00 2.mm L3 = .020 10 11 12 13 14 15 Height of transformed shell.440 141 2 22. therefore the intermediate wind girder is/are required Minimum number of intermediate wind girders required.03 m 140.1 ) SI METRIC UNIT :H1 = (9.mm .00 2.020 2.020 2.440 195 3 19.440 725 6 10.47 ts.2 Since H1 < H2.cor) where ts.020 2.

L2 Toe plate length.64252 2 3600 233 838800 28.cor = 128 mm C1 D= 39037 = = = 39.031 m 4.767.323 = 205 mm = 225.200 462.cor = 8.812 cm³ 225.445 ######### I = (bd³)/12 (mm4) 10.cor tsc.3 SIZE OF INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS (a) Required minimum section modulus of intermediate wind girder ( clause 5.479.00 mm mm mm mm mm mm 3 A Y AY h (mm²) (mm) (mm³) (mm) 1 2048 4.615 m 140.032 mm³ : T 405 x 150 = 450 = 150 = 8 = 8 = 8.812.896 mm4 = 863.40 km/hr Dc².923 60750000 6. t2 Toe plate thk.9.tsc. C1 Moment of inertia of section .3 79. wind girder & top angle V = Wind design speed (b) Available section modulus for intermediate wind girder Fabricated Tee.7.401. between inter.400 60.00 8192 200.848 1.400 257. tsc.00 554.min = where Dc = Nominal tank diameter H1 = Vertical dist.392 Neutral axis of combined section.5 .588.357477 3 1.Girder Web plate length. Za Since Za > Zmin . H1 17 V 190 2 = = 225.00 mm 8 mm X 2 8 150 mm 1 X 450 mm L1=16. L3 Web plate thk. Ix-x Section modulus available.143 mm³ satisfactory.36 TOTAL 6.h² (mm4) 82447201 2894927. t3 Min.6 ) SI METRIC UNIT :Z. . shell thickness where top wind girder located. therefore the angle size selected is A.

Wt (corroded condition) (@ Weight of product (always present in tank) .00 0 mm² 811.Hr ) Projected area of shell.939 N 0N 3.2 WIND FORCE CALCULATION As per API 650 clause 5. ws (@ 18.200 mm² 0N 699. WDL (@ 550.Hs ) Total wind load exerted on roof. 1/2.898 N 6 .964 Nmm 6 .0 mbarg. D Overturning moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from horizontal 2 = 0 Nmm . As ( = k.700 0.681 N 7. Hw Weight of tank. the wind pressure are as follows:Wind pressure on conical surfaces.kw.00 Wind pressure on cylindrical surfaces.241.3 OVERTURNING STABILITY AGAINST WIND LOADING Wind Uplift Load Internal Pressure Load D/2 Wind load on shell.5. the following uplift criteria shall satisfy: Criteria 1: 0. ß° Roof height.Ar ) Total wind load exerted on shell. Fr ( = wr. Ar ( = 0. wr (@ 30.700 0 mm mm ° mm mm mm mm 5.Do. Fs ( = ws.0008621 N/mm² 1.As ) Total wind moment on tank. D Tank height .6 Mw + Mpi < MDL / 1.1(j). Ww Weight of shell + top angle (corroded ).Lr + Fs.2.00 Wind correction factor. Pi ).Lr Min.700. kw (= V /190)² Projected area of roof.000 0 10.395.kw.000 20.Do.045 327.6 . Pi ( @ 0. ti Nominal diameter of tank.Ls ) psf ) psf ) = = = = = = = = 0. Fr H/2 H Momment about shell to bottom joint Dead Load (WDL) Liquid hold down weight (wa) For tank to be structurally stable without anchorage.k. D .564.5 Criteria 2: Mw + 0. ) Insulation thickness. Hr Height from tank bottom to shell centre.350 20.212.1 WIND LOAD CALCULATION (OVERTURNING STABILITY) WIND DESIGN CALCULATION Internal design pressure.4 Mpi < (MDL +MF) / 2 where: Mpi = = = Mw = Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from design internal pressure Uplift thrust on roof due to internal pressure x 1/2 tank diameter ( 1/4 p.0 6 . Hs Roof slope. Ls Height from tank bottom to roof centre. Mw ( = Fr.512 kg ) kg ) = = = = = = = = = = = = 0 N/mm² 75 mm 39. depth of product (always present in tank) .0014369 N/mm² 0.

651.5 = 7.5.241.Lr + Fs.6 Mw + Mpi MDL / 1. p D).4 Mpi < (MDL +MF) / 2 = 7. D. D 1000 2 Weight of liquid = 59 tb Fby.502.since it is floating on liquid Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from liquid weight (wa) (wa.Ls ) Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from the weight of the shell and the roof supported by the shell.020.700.345.241.578 Nmm = 41.964 Nmm = ############# Nmm < < MDL/1.4 Mpi (MDL +MF) / 2 Since.700. H Design liquid height Thickness of Bottom plate under the shell Minimum specified yeid stress of the bottom plate under the shell 0.5.= MDL = = plus vertical wind pressure Total wind moment on tank.2 m 16 mm 241 N/mm 2 FOR CRITERIA 1 0.4 Mpi = 4. 0.6 Mw + Mpi < MDL / 1. WDL Weight of roof = 0.767.668.964 Nmm = 62.21 N/m 19.5 FOR CRITERIA 2 Mw + 0. and 1/2 (MDL+ MF) The tank anchorage is NOT REQUIRED. 0.376 Nmm MF = = = ############# Nmm wa = H= tb = Fby = = = = = 64. ( = Fr.6 Mw + Mpi Mw +0. .251 Nmm Mw + 0.214.

1 SEISMIC FORCE CALCULATION SEISMIC LOADS DESIGN GEOMETRIC DATA Seismic peak ground acceleration.471 mm mm mm mm mm N N N N 7 . since the roof is floating on the liquid.961 kg ) kg ) kg ) kg ) = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 0. SUG Nominal diameter of tank. I Site Class Seismic Use Group. Wf (@ (@ (@ (@ 352.65 0.3 4 2 4s 6.063298299 Scaling factor Coefficient to adjust the spectral damping from 5% .5 K Q Fa So Ts .5% Acceleration based site coefficient as per Table E-1 Velocity-based site coefficient as per Table E-2 Substitution for seismic peak ground acceleration Sp Force reduction coefficient for impulsive mode as per Table E-4 Force reduction coefficient for convective mode as per Table E-4 Regional dependent transition period for longer period ground motion First mode sloshing wave period for convective mode Fv.418 0 242. DESIGN SPECTRAL RESPONSE ACCELERATIONS Impulsive spectral acceleration parameter.7 .5 1. D Total height of tank shell. Sp Importance factor.Xr Design specific gravity of liquid.2 1.5 Q Fa So I Rwi = 0.2 Note: The total weight of the tank roof will be added to the weight of tank content. Wp Total weight of tank bottom.031 20.0 7 .026 84.700 0 1 3. H Ht.5 K Q Fa So Ts Tc I Rwc ≤ Ai = - When Tc > TL Ac = where Q = K = Fa = Fv = So = Rwi = Rwc = TL = Tc = Ts = 2. Ws Total weight of tank roof.462.from bottom shell to COG of shell.3 g 1.728.34 Convective spectral acceleration parameter.63 s 0.948 0 24.1.1 7 .700 10. Ss = = = = = = = = = = 1 1.TL Tc 2 I Rwc ≤ Ai = 0.50 D III 39.1.from bottom shell to COG of roof. Ai Ai = 2.350 20. S1/ Fa.931 833.69 .0. Ht Ht.581. G Total weight of tank shell. Wr Total weight of tank contents.Xs Maximum design liquid level. Ac When Tc ≤ TL Ac = 2.

Ss = 0. period) as per Table E-2 Maximum considered earthquake.230 D H tanh 3. %g = = 1.375 0.636.3 CONVECTIVE (SLOSHING ) PERIOD The first mode sloshing wave period.2 7 . 5% damped.578 3. %g Maximum considered earthquake. Wc = 0.499.68 H tanh D Ks = = 0.2.499.2 sec perios) as per Table E-1 Velocity-based site coefficient (at 1 sec.866.1 OVERTURNING STABILITY AGAINST SEISMIC LOADING EFFECTIVE MASS OF TANK CONTENTS Effective impulsive portion of the liquid weight.2 second. S1 Fa .0.137.866.67H D .218 D H .10 N = - N D/H > 1. effective impulsive portion of the liquid weight. Tc = 1.333 .D/H) 0. Wp = 100. Wi = Since 1.69 Acceleration based site coefficient (at 0. Fa = Fv = S1 = Ss = Fv . Wi = 137.7 . spectral response acceleration parameter at the period of one second. Wp = = = = 0. 5% damped.6500 For regions outside USA. Wi = For D/H < 1.75 0.333. spectral response acceleration parameter at shorts period of 0.59 Ts = where. Wp tanh (0. the convective spectral acceleration parameter Ac and the impulsive spectral acceleration parameter Ai 7 .10 N Effective convective weight.06 0. Ks = = 6.2 1.63 s sloshing period coefficient 0. S1 = 1.333. For D/H ≥ 1. D/H .1. sites not defined by ASCE 7 method.8 Ks √ D where.5 Sp Since Tc > TL .0 .636.998.14 N .25 Sp Ss = 2.34 = 137.

05 N 6.3 7 . Mrw = [Ai ( Wi. Xi + Ws.0 3.902.393. Ls = Min.2 CENTER OF ACTION FOR EFFECTIVE LATERAL FORCES The height from the bottom of the Tank Shell to the center of action of the lateral seismic forces related to the impulsive liquid force for ringwall moment. Ringwall moment. J J= where. Vi2 + Vc2 Vi = Vc = Ai (Ws + Wr +Wf + Wi) Ac. Xi = Since 0.0.26 N 7 . specified yield strength of bottom annulus.17 Vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient Tank and roof weight acting at base of shell Resisting force of the annulus = = = 0.93 N/mm .24 N/mm 94. Xi 7. For D/H ≥ 1. Av = Wt = wa = Mrw D2 ( Wt (1 .010.55 mm 7 .0.094 D .7 . specified yield strength of bottom shell course. Fty Anchorage Ratio.H H = = mm 0.333 .4 Av) + Wa ) = = = 16.762.0 N/mm2 2 2.902. Xr)]2 + [Ac (Wc.50 mm The height from the bottom of the Tank Shell to the center of action of the lateral seismic forces related to the convective liquid force for ringwall moment. V= where.2.326.67 H D .333. Fy Min.333.H = 12.3.1 RESISTANCE TO OVERTURNING THICKNESS OF THE BOTTOM PLATE UNDER THE SHELL & ITS RADIAL WIDTH Bottom/Annular plate thickness . ta = Thickness of bottom shell course. Wc = = = 48.375H = 7762.2.181.722.81453E+11 Nmm 381453029. Xc)]2 = = 3. ts = Bottom/Annular plate radial width.00 mm 1200.2.7 28. cosh Xc = 1.4 SHEAR FORCE The seismic base shear shall be defined as the SRSS combination of the impulsive and convective components.0 mm 241. Xi = For D/H < 1.0 N/mm 241.5 .00 mm 28. Xs + Wr.3 OVERTURNING MOMENT The seismic overturning moment at the base of the tank shell shall be the SRSS summation of the impulsive and convective components multiplied by the respective moment arms to the center of action of the forces.67 H D sinh -1 3.8 Nm 7 .67H D 3.75 N 47.5 mm D/H > 1.

Weight of tank shell and portion of roof supported by the shell. = 57.57 mm 1. the bottom/ annular plate width is satisfactory.4 Av) + 1.5D + 7.54 N/m Ge = Effective specific gravity including vertical seismic effect = G.54. ( Zero for floating roof) = 28.035 D Since L And.273 Mrw D 2 1 ts = 12.09 mm 1.016. 0. (1 . Ge 114.H.01723 ta Fy H.5Fty ) Since sc < Fc. D. Fc = 83. Fc = 83.94 N/mm² . Fa ( < 0.0. J > 1. Since Ls 7 . therefore the tank is structurally stable.3.94 N/mm² For GHD²/(ts²)  44 m³/mm². then the minimum radial width of the bottom plate.4 MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE SHELL COMPRESSION A= GHD² ts² ( D in m ) = 40.ts D = N/mm² Therefore. Ge = = = 1.Ge = ≤ 196.3.D.035 D.5{G. Ws Wt = + wrs p.732. the tank is not stable and cannot be self-anchored for the design load. L= 0. including 10% of specified snow load.108. wa = 99 ta Fy. Ge wa < 196.57 mm The maximum width of annulus for determining the resisting force.704.3 < > 0. SHELL COMPRESSION MECHANICALLY-ANCHORED TANKS Maximum longitudinal shell compression.223 m³/mm² For GHD²/(ts²) < 44 m³/mm².108. H. the minimum radial width should be L.4 Av) = 0.72 Since the anchorage ratio.366.2 ANNULAR PLATE REQUIREMENT If the thickness of the bottom plate under the shell is thicker than the remainder of the bottom.H}½ = 57.24 N/mm = 0 N/mm The resisting force of the annulus.3.932. D wrs = Roof load acting on the shell.00 = 94. 7 .ts 2. H. The tank shall be mechanically anchored. sc = wt ( 1 + 0.67 N/mm 7 .

5.4 mm ) = = = = 86 64 58 39.7 .5 K Q Fa So Tc > TL Ts.14 K. Vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient Uplift thrust due to internal pressure = = = = = 3.0.70 0 Nmm mm N/mm N/mm Tensile stress.5 7 .size.592. I.therefore the anchor bolt size is satisfactory. When Tc ≤ 4 Af = When Tc > 4 Af = For SUG III When Tc ≤ TL Af = When Tc > TL Af = Since SUG is K.647.all ( 0. Da Root area of each hold down bolt.320 2. d Dia.5 K Q Fa So I Ts Tc = 0.Ab Since sb < St. SD1 III TL Tc 2 and = 2. TL Tc 2 .9 Q Fa Ss = Minimum required freeboard.5 N/mm² 441. Ab Spacing between anchor bolts.04 N/mm² .21 = 2.273 Mrw .5 D. SD1.5 K Q Fa So I 4Ts 2 Tc = 0.031 28.a.24 0. of anchor bolt.81453E+11 39. St. 1 Tc = 2.25.4 Av) Dc² + wint : = = SA 320 Gr L7 551.corr (less c.5. Sp > 0.4 FREE BOARD FOR SLOSHING WAVE HEIGHT Sloshing wave height above the product design height. 4 Tc 2 = 1.13 For SDS = 0.2 MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Material used Specific minimum yield stress. Af where: For SUG I and II. ( as per Table E-7) = 1. = 161.wt ( 1 .33g.all.= Bolts circle diameter. Sy Allowable tensile strength. sb = WAB / N.80Sy ) ( Table 5-21a ) Uplift force due to seismic loading.1 TANK ANCHORAGE GEOMETRIC DATA Number of bolts .647.000 = = mm) (min.08 K.20 N/mm² = 36. I. dsreq 7 . N Dia.642 1. W AB = where Mrw = Dc = wt = Av = wint = 1. SD1.06 mm K. ds = 0. SD1 1 Tc = 2. Af = = 0.436 mm mm mm mm² mm 7 .5 K Q Fa So Ts Tc = 0.06 mm 3. of anchor bolt.019 N Overturing moment due to seismic Nominal diameter of tank Tank and roof weight acting at base of shell.08 0.d.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful