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DOWNHOLE TUBULARS : DRILL PIPE, CASING TUBE & TUBING

Presented By:
Kamal Hazwan Mohd Hafiy Mohamad Hazmi

DOWNHOLE TUBULAR

DRILL PIPE

CASING TUBE

TUBING

Drill pipe
Is a hollow, thick-walled, steel piping. Comes in variety of sizes, strength of weights (30-33 feet's) To allow drilling fluid to be prepared through them, down the hole and back up the annulus

Casing
A steel pipe placed in an oil/ gas well as drilling is in progresses
Function:
to prevent the wall of the hole from caving during drilling to provide a mean of extracting petroleum

Type of casing:
Surface Casing Intermediate Casing Production Casing

Surface Casing
The casing must be set before drilling can continue further
Function
to protect shallow freshwater aquifers from contamination to support the unconsolidated, low pressure formations and to prevent drilling mud loss to provide a base for well control equipment

Intermediate Casing
One or more intermediate casing can be set depending onthe underground conditions
Function
prevent hole from collapsing protect freshwater zones from contamination isolate zones with abnormal high or low pressure isolate salt formation

Production Casing
Casing runs all the way from the productive zone to the surface.

Is a long string of smallest diameter that completes the well by connecting to the reservoir. Also known as oil string.
Function:
To seal off the pay zone from adjacent layers Used to producing oil or gas and also hold the other equipment downhole & to prevent caving

Tubing
Is a small diameter pipe (2-3 inches) Set in production casing

Function
Convey the product from producing zone to surface Convey fluids from surface to producing zone

Proper selection, design & installation are critical part of the completion programme to ensure it safe & economical for the life of well

Installing tubing

Tubing design consideration


Peak production rate Depth of well Casing size Well product Use of Wire line tools & equipment Well pressure & temperature Tubing & annulus differential pressure Tension & compression strength Corrosion Stimulation

Tubing size requirement


Related to Well Performance Analysis Deliver desired production/injection rate Avoid inefficient & unnecessary artificial lift Avoid liquid load up problems especially in two-phase flow of gas wells Produce/inject at velocity below the erosional velocity Others
Compatible to mechanical constraints i.e. casing size, wellhead restrictions. Corresponding completion accessories available in the market Suit to logistics requirement Avoid unnecessary increase in well & equipment costs

Summary

Casing Scheme

Thank You