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Group No: 3 Group Members: 133 134 142 146 159 163 Chopra Harsh Ratan Chudiwal Rachana Gautam Gunthey Supriya Pramod Jain Prachi Sunil Puri Kalpana Sabnis Swaroop Ramesh
The traditional joint family is patriarchal." Marriage in the Hindu fold of life is still traditionally considered essential for procreation and the continuation of the „vansh‟ (lineage).. Despite the legal emancipation of women in India. they dream of starting a family. intervention steps taken by the government and to recommend remedial measures to eliminate the menace. I touch your feet time and again.. I beg of you. . mantras from the Atharva Veda. at least the other will live to take care of the parents. the traditional thinking being that if one dies. as millions of women marry. One son is a cause for joy while two are seen as a lifetime for celebration. In India however. Objective The aim of this study is to analyse the aspects of infanticide and foeticide in India. are prescribed for chanting so that if the foetus is female it will be transformed into a male. their causes. The girl child is seen as an economic drain as her marriage and dowry crushes her family under huge burden of debts. one of four most sacred books of Hinduism. -. Blessings showered on the bride during a wedding. God.. consist of the line "Ashta Putra Sowbhagyavati Bhave" meaning "May you be blessed with eight sons. Even though migration and increasing urbanisation has led to more nuclear families." Thereafter on conception. In most parts of the country son is a major obsession. Oh. Next birth don't give me a daughter. Give me Hell instead. of having their homes filled with tiny cries and the happy laughter of gurgling babies. pregnancy is too often followed by the question of whether the unborn child is a girl or a boy.Folk Song from Uttar Pradesh Every year. pressures on the woman to produce a son are unending. "Chhore Pe Baje Thali. their education and employment in modern occupations. the stakeholders..INTRODUCTION Prabhuji mein tori binti karoon Paiyan Paroon bar bar Agle Janam Mohe Bitiya Na Dije Narak Dije Chahe Dar. Chhori Pe Thekere Phoren" is an old sentiment in the Indian state of Haryana which means "announce the birth of a son by beating of brass plates but at the birth of a daughter break earthen pots. the patriarchal ways are still embedded in the psyche of the Indian man. the traditional bias regarding female children has not undergone a change. In the bargain.
Sadly. Narrow-minded people do not mind murdering their unborn daughters for the fear of giving huge amounts of dowry at the time of her marriage. whenever they discover they are going to have a girl child (through illegal sex selection tests). in this 21st century. floating in rivers. Dowry is not the only reason for poor couple to abort their girl child. but if we look at the grass root level. it is rather a dark. Here.e. Such people. But these days. there have been numerous incidents of the foetus being found lying in farms. engineering and medical professions. The struggle for a girl child starts the day her existence is known in her mother‟s womb. Female foeticide is still prevalent in the Indian society. thus eliminating girl child even before they are born. wrapped up in jute bags etc. Women empowerment has led to inundation of females excelling in the corporate world. “the right to life”. Everywhere women are confronted with many challenges.THE PROBLEM Women who constitute half a human population have been discriminated. girls mostly outshine boys. The status of females in India aptly symbolizes India‟s status of being a developing nation – miles away from becoming a developed state. Else they would continue to reproduce till they get a male heir. the girl child is considered a burden as huge amounts of money. The phenomenon of female foeticide in India is not new. unmindful of the religion which they profess and oblivious of the timeframe in which they live. harassed and exploited irrespective of the country to which they belong. the picture is not so rosy. Female foeticide is perhaps one of the worst forms of violence against women where a woman is denied her most basic and fundamental right i. is it necessary to go in for more than two children irrespective of their gender? Many families put pressure on women to give birth to boy so that he can take family‟s name forward. The ages old traditions. . light the funeral pyre and be the bread earner of the family. India‟s major social problem is the intentional killing of the girl child. It has been six long decades since India gained independence but many Indians are still trapped in age-old traditional beliefs. When price rise is already taking a toll on the standard of living. The „liberal‟ Indian society has failed to transform the other orthodox India. where female embryos or foetuses are selectively eliminated after pre-natal sex determination. No doubt India is advancing at a fast pace in the field of science and technology. the girl child continues to be murdered before she is born. especially when it comes to how we treat the fairer sex. customs and beliefs of the Indian society are largely responsible for creating a negative mindset among the couples. are girls less competent than boys? Just look at the results of Board exams or any other competitive exams. The fear and struggle to survive swallow most of the girl‟s life even if she is „allowed‟ to live in this cruel world. More shocking is the fact that the sinful crime of female foeticide is not only common in rural areas where social discrimination against women. In India. India deserves to be in this list because here. can be considered as reasons behind carrying out such acts. but also the ultra modern. in fact. Of course. it has been a practice for hundreds of years. lack of proper education etc. „old beliefs‟ imply the mindset of people who still find themselves in the trap of girl-boy inequality. and also in aping of the western culture. gold and other items need to be given in the form of dowry when she gets married. get the foetus aborted. so-called „educated‟ people living in urban areas and metropolitan cities who are a step ahead in killing the girl child in the womb.
girl babies are stronger. and hundreds of social norms are tagged with her the day she puts her steps outside her home. Karnataka. Although the show did really well and had garnered positive reviews from the audiences. women abort their female child involuntarily when they succumb to family pressures.The life transition from a female foetus to a school going girl to a caring woman is never an easy task for the fairer sex. combined with an overall decline in fertility. Census figures reveal that while the number of children is rising. Further analysis reveals that there is a gender dimension to the visible decline in children being born. because mortality is higher for male babies. The show has once again ignited the spirited discussion on the female foeticide in the country. Rajasthan. torture. Many childless couples even adopt a girl child irrespective of the worries of her future (mainly marriage). many families are out of bounds in joy when a girl child is born in their family. . Uttaranchal. Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu and several other cities. Gujarat. She has to face challenges at every step of her life. Not surprisingly. Uttar Pradesh. Jammu and Kashmir. harmony. As a result. Demographers explain that this is so. Later it spread to Manipur. Sometimes. and Himachal Pradesh. human trafficking has become common in various states of India where teenage girls are being sold for cheap money by poor families. The truth behind this crime of female foeticide and infanticide has been brought into light several times by the print and electronic media. Of the 12 million girls born in India. Punjab. As per calculations. happiness and peace in their family. They even touch her feet to seek her blessings. Female Foeticide was started in the Delhi. Madhya Pradesh. Orissa. True. They think she will bring luck. exploitation. the question which arises is that was the emotional connect which the show had successfully created strong enough to stop the killing of the girl child before being born? In most of the cases. sexual harassment. In nearly every society. that is. These girls are treated as sex objects and more than half of such cases go unreported. their proportion to the total population is falling. Haryana. nearly 10 million female fetuses have been aborted in our country over the past two decades. there is news related to rape. one million do not see their first birthdays. The Demography of Missing Women The United Nations‟ World Population Fund indicated that India has one of the highest sex imbalances in the world. she is left by her husband if she is unable to give birth to a child and worse happens when she conceives a girl child. Daily. The in-laws‟ illogical demand/ desire for a boy preference makes the life of women hell. According to the statistics. verbal abuse. demographers warn that there will be a shortage of brides in the next 20 years because of the adverse juvenile sex ratio. That episode had mothers from different parts of rural and urban India talking about the pressure and the problems they faced for delivering a girl child. She has to fight against gender indiscrimination. inequality. Goa. it all happens in a country where the girl is seen as an incarnation of Goddess „Laxmi‟. and Bihar. the international sex ratio is 105. Biologically. But. This matter was discussed in length and breadth in the inaugural episode of the show „Satyamave Jayate‟ anchored by Bollywood actor Aamir Khan. about 105 live males are born for every 100 live females. it has failed to melt the hearts and minds of those who remain unaffected by the consequences of the grave sin they are committing. molestation. Ironically.
Figure 1 In India.7 in 1921. Child Sex ratio between 1981 and 2011 is getting dissemblance. As per 2001 census. There has thus been a progressive deficit in the women's sex ratio from four million in 1901 to 32 million in 1991.Gender inequality manifests and accentuates in a declining adult sex ratio measured as the number of females to 1000 males. there are only 913 females against 1000 males. This can also be seen from the increase in the masculine ratio from 1029 males to 1000 females in 1901 to 1079 males per 1000 females in 1991.9 in the last census of 1991. Girl‟s ratio is decreasing at very rapidly. 107. . Given below is the map which indicates the sex ratio in 2011. The graph below clearly shows the state of girl child being born in India.In India this ratio was 104.5 in 1971 thereafter further dipping to 107. Current Status is that India is facing a severe problem of declining percentage of the girl child in the 0-6 year‟s age group.
There is an urgent need of undoing the historical and traditional wrongs of a gendered society. But the responsibility of such record generation lies with doctors and radiologists. only then the hope of abolition of female infanticide and boy preference can positively adjust the figures in favour of the girl child in future.Figure 2 Government of India Intervention The Government of India has taken action for incorporating the law called as PCPNDT Act since 1994. who in spite of being the victims. There are thousands of such clinics where illegal activities are carried out on a daily basis and in some cases. Some NGOs have started doing sting operations. Through this report on female foeticide we try to bring to light the psyche that prevails among the citizens with respect to girl child and also propose certain solutions that may be adopted to curb such massacre happening globally. happily kills the foetus for a meager two thousand rupees! And what is more heart wrenching is the fact that the aborted foetuses were very often fed to dogs. What is even depressing is the fact that this is not the only case of such heart wrenching heinous crimes. but till date no such large effect has been seen and the problem is still out of control. There is no such system in place for the Government agencies to monitor and take actions. whose aim is to save the lives of people. There was no mechanism to record any sort of proof for the appropriate authorities to take any actions. it‟s really difficult to digest the harsh reality of the differences between a boy and a girl. There are certain rules and regulations formed under this law for the genetic centres but implementation & monitoring is far from expected. The fact that there has not been a single conviction since the law came into force in 1994 is one indicator of its loopholes. incidences of female foeticide were reported from Beed district in Maharashtra where women used to go to a doctor‟s clinic to get their female child aborted for Rs 2000. in connivance with politicians and police men. and especially in cases of sex selection. Just think for a moment about the doctor‟s connivance in this illegal act. As per the law. every pregnant Ultrasound Sonography (USG) needs to be recorded and reported to the Government appropriate authorities in the F form as prescribed in the law. The skewed sex ratio has to find a balance in order to maintain the progress of the country. unthinkingly subscribe. India has a deeply rooted patriarchal attitude to which even the doctors and the women.Recently. A doctor. . such records were either not generated or falsely reported. In such a grim scenario. but its implementation is far from expected.
People still have the mentality that a boy – child is going to be the sole earner of the bread for the family and that he is the only one who will be taking care of his parents in their old age.e. Consequently there is a need to challenge and eliminate all forms of gender based discrimination. . The primary stakeholders are: Woman i. Due to this.STAKEHOLDERS The stakeholders are the groups which affect or are affected when the act of female foeticide occurs. the birth of a girl child is a cause of sorrow as opposed to the celebration when birth is given to a boy. and measures were taken so that the doctors do not mention the sex of the child. urging communities to prevent sex selection of an unborn child and arresting the decline in the child sex ratio with support from the UNFPA in 2009. Even today g ender biasing and discrimination exists in all parts of the nation at various levels. To address the issue. we identified the critical factors in the existing system in India and did a GAP Analysis to compare the current conditions and practices in the society and the areas in need of improvement for the enhancement of Women Empowerment. still malpractices occur. the involvement of stakeholders is a key part while going forward with the Eradication of Female Foeticide initiative. Students District Advisory Committee (DAC) Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Youth Society KEY FINDINGS AND GAP ANALYSIS After analyzing the current scenario. the pregnant mother and the unborn girl child Family members The secondary stakeholders are: Media Government Health workers Women and Child development departments Planning Commission and the National Commission for Women Lawyers Doctors and Civil Society Organizations Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) Community Based Organizations (CBOs) Women‟s Groups and Networks Academia i. the Women Power Connect (WPC) had implemented a three-year campaign in 11 states.e. Hence. The analysis indicated that the gender bias against the female foetus is the main reason behind the declining trend of the child sex ratio in the country. The campaign has revealed that even though the PCPNDT Act of 1994 exists.
This is because the Obstetric Ultrasonography used to visualize the embryo in its mother‟s uterus for getting the information regarding the health of the mother and the baby also yields the information of the sex of the baby. we need to create alternative spaces and forum for public debate and dialogue to bring about attitudinal and institutional changes in our society. To truly overcome this issue. To get rid of this kind of thinking. we change the mindset of the society.Hence the systems and institutions of justice and governance should be made more accountable and transparent against sex selection. The advent of technology is another reason for the increased female foeticide. there is a lack of awareness of the policies in rural areas and hence strategies should be made on using learning as a tool for Policy Advocacy at the State level. Domestic Violence is still rampant in the Indian society and women fall prey to it and succumb under the pressure and get the pre-natal tests leading to female foeticide. there should be empowerment of women to reject and counter violence within the home and in society. It was observed that the patriarchal mindset of the society towards girl child or women is still prevalent in India. Also there is a lack of common platform for development and implementation of pertinent policies. the status of women will not improve. Also the issue of domestic violence is not only prevalent in rural cities but also exists in urban cities. It was seen that the current district level monitoring mechanisms are not at par and these should be strengthened and support. This misuse of technology in sex determination thus leads to female foeticide. communities and the state responsible for and responsive to the growing violence against women. Hence the need of the hour is to provide a common platform to a wide range of stakeholders in districts and through them develop new and relevant policies. direction and guidance should be provided to cluster teams. Even today women feel that they do not have the power in their household and hence are afraid to raise their voices against their husband or in – laws. Until and unless. The attitudinal changes for pro-female preferences among families have to be brought about along with establishing cluster teams of community level stakeholders who are able to put a brake on female foeticide cases in communities. . Hence we have to draw in all sections of society to strive towards a nation free from all forms of violence and conflicts of female Childs. This finding shatters the misconception that aborting female foetuses is largely a practice limited to India's poor and rural population who has traditionally favoured boys. The essential explanation of female foeticide and infanticide in India is also the reluctance of many in the expanding middle class to pay out a greater portion of their expanding wealth for dowries. We have to make families. In addition to this.
a liability and another man‟s property. concerns with family name and looking up to the son as a breadwinner has made the evil practice of female feticide to become common in the middle and higher socioeconomic households. To improve sex ratio. so that she can effectively monitor and ensure that the mother gives birth to her child and doesn‟t succumb to any pressure. As well as receive reports via SMS/Email/App from any expectant mother or well-wisher. “girl foetus abortion”. The steps primarily intend to provide them with greater opportunities for education. employment and greater say in the matters of governance. Indian Government has adopted multi-pronged strategy including legislative measures. especially in the northern states. The proliferation and abuse of advanced technologies coupled with social factors contributing to the low status of women such as dowry. make the existing laws against sex determination and selective abortion more effective. . The Indian Govt has also taken several steps to improve the status of women in society. measures must be taken to change this perception and also improve the status of women in society. The preference for a son continues to be a prevalent norm in the traditional Indian household. This is evident from the declining sex ratio which has dropped to alarming levels.SOLUTIONS TO FEMALE FOETICIDE Everywhere women are confronted with many challenges. who will. advocacy. on Facebook development platform that will enable crowd sourced philanthropy to stop Female Foeticide in India. awareness programs. be able to report anonymously and easily their suspicion of possibility/threat of “child sex determination”. “iSaveAGirl”. and programs for the women's socioeconomic empowerment. They intend to register and train social networking users as volunteers to create a virally growing “iSaveAGirl Volunteer Community”. “iSaveAgirl” will specifically enable Government & NGOs that are working in female foeticide area. while keeping mother‟s privacy intact. create awareness about the ill effects of female foeticide. The girl child in India is treated right from her birth as an additional burden an extra mouth to feed. irrespective of their social and economical status. Some of the solutions currently in place include Mission Arogya proposed to build an SMS-enabled web application. to provide tools/information and other supports to the volunteer. This issue has been mainly prevalent as families perceive daughters as an economic burden and does not provide any social advantages. Also we have the generations of bias that favours a male child. they also aim to provide personalized follow-up & assignment of a suitable volunteer for each case and finally. Therefore. They have included steps to correct the bias in terms of inheritance rights. In Indian society. The successive Indian governments have also taken several steps to improve the status of women in the society. female foeticide has emerged as a burning social problem during the last few years.
So far. Boys need to be educated at an early level with regard to giving respect and equal regard to girls. The killing of unborn girls. An act passed in 1994 has made sex-selective abortions had been made a punishable offense. To achieve the long-term vision. Party to the crime are families. Despite efforts of Government and NGOs. Greater measures need to be taken to eradicate such nasty practices in our country could includeIntensive Information. the law restricts the use of diagnostic techniques to registered institutions and operators. The mass media must be involved in promoting a . However. efforts are afloat to create an environment where sons and daughters are equally valued. But the law has not been very effective as it is difficult to regulate all clinics that use ultrasound for sex determination as well as for a host of other purposes including detection of genetic abnormalities in the foetus. School and college girls should be the target audience. The medical colleges and professional bodies have a vital role to play by sensitizing medical students who are the doctors of tomorrow. In particular. Foeticide is also penalized under IPC section 315. Violations of the PNDT Act carry a three-year jail term and a fine of about Rs 10000 for the first offence and a five-year jail term and a fine of Rs 50000 for the second offence. Use of ingenious ways to convey the sex of the foetus should also be curbed through greater use of surprise checks and dummy patients. Education and Communication (IEC) campaigns for raising awareness: To achieve the long-term vision. there is a dire need to strengthen this law since the number of convictions is despairingly low as compared to the burden posed by this crime. this should be combined with highlighting the issue and dangers of female foeticide and skewed gender ratio. registration procedures should be made tougher and clinics run by technicians and unqualified personnel should be registered and better regulated. The mass media must be involved in promoting a positive image of women. there have been only two successful convictions under the law: a. fine of Rs 300 and another fine of Rs 4000 from over 400 cases lodged under the PNDT Act. is an alarming reality. So to improvise on it. One of its main objectives is to lessen the biasness towards preferring a male child by highlighting the achievements of young girls. The frightening result has been the snuffing out of the lives of more than three crore unborn girls since Independence. girl child sex ratio has gone down in the last decade. some unscrupulous doctors and a social structure that encourages the desire for a boy child – at any cost. which have to maintain detailed records. or female foeticide.It has also passed the Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT) Act. it is necessary to gear efforts against the cultural. Moreover. The Government has also recently launched a "Save the Girl Child Campaign". It bans sex selection before and after conception. Despite the existence of the Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques Act. efforts are afloat to create an environment where sons and daughters are equally valued. Education and Communication campaigns. This just means that there is still a lot more that needs to be done and more action to be taken. economic and religious roots of this social malady by woman empowerment and intensive Information. and further regulates the use of prenatal diagnostic techniques for strictly medical purposes. Boys need to be educated at an early level with regard to giving respect and equal regard to girls.
Role of medical colleges and professional bodies. Spreading awareness can go a long way in saving our future sisters. Ignorance is one of the major causes for the increase in the selective sex abortion cases. However. Hence the role of medical colleges and professional bodies such as Indian Medical Association (IMA). However. Analysis of content of information provided regarding abortion and sex determination showed that the message emphasized upon the illegality of sex-selective abortion instead of describing the difference between sex-selective abortion and other abortions. improvement in self-image. Federation of Obstetric and Gynaecological Societies of India (FOGSI) and association of radiologists. raising the age at marriage. in countering this burning issue needs to be given due importance. School and college girls should be the target audience. acceptance of family planning. create employment opportunities for women as well as provide counselling and support services to newly married and pregnant women to discourage them from undergoing sex-selective abortion. Orthodox Rural Behaviour . girlfriends and wives. Conduct regular workshops/ Continuing Medical Education sessions which would greatly help to reiterate the importance of this problem in the country. and their empowerment.positive image of women. this should be combined with highlighting the issue and dangers of female foeticide and skewed gender ratio.While many medical practitioners have joined campaigns against the misuse of these technologies with the support of professional associations.Female foeticide can only be stopped only when the thinking and the behaviour of orthodox rural people are changed. the root causes of gender bias need to be tackled first and steps towards woman empowerment must be strengthened. NGOs may be encouraged to promote formation of self-help groups. Cancellation/permanent termination of the doctor‟s license who partakes in fulfilling a client‟s demand to do away with her girl child. Widespread campaigns and seminars for young adults and potential parents to enlighten them about the ill effects of female feticide. We have developed almost in all areas and we cannot let such age old malpractices to run. This may include Sensitizing medical students regarding the adverse sex ratio while stressing upon the ethical issues involved in female feticide. causing malign to the . Educating people that females are equally important as males would help in reducing the number of cases. Private practitioners should also be encouraged to participate in such programs. Women empowerment through NGO‟s. some have been strong supporters of sex-selective abortion emphasizing that it is the family's personal decision to determine the sex of their children.Education of women is a powerful tool for improving nutrition levels. mothers. organize non-formal education for adult females and school dropouts.
both print and electronic . the media.society. This can be done only by changing their age old mind sets of gender bias. Eradication of Dowry System . parents must be independent from both. Following measures can be taken to eradicate the dowry system: Preventive Measures • Awareness Building: A massive movement to create awareness among adolescents. media personnel. similarly girl's parent's responsibility is also on both. Secondly. to bring an end to abortions of female foetuses it is essential for Indian communities to bring an end to the ritual of Dowry. Media . It should also focus on Empowerment of rural marginalized women and education to improve their lot so as to heighten their status in the society.Media . • • Remedial Measures . youth and parents need to be initiated and sustained by all involved in the eradication of dowry. Then parents will give the importance to girl‟s education also. Also advertising of sex determination techniques should be banned and stringent measures should be taken against the offenders. First thing. it will give you return but when you invest in daughter. the doctors and paramedical staff. as boy's parents are responsibility of both guy and his wife. When you invest in son. Boys as well as Girls. School and Educational Institutions -School education system and the curriculum design should focus on inculcating a positive self image amongst girls and to break the gender stereotypes. lawyers. girls are being considered as a huge economic burden to families and so parents tend to opt for female foeticide to prevent all the economic burdens right from the raising of the girl child to paying huge „dowry‟ during her marriage. It is a different case that when parents are in need and children go and support them but it should not be a traditions. judiciary. Therefore. Other Measures: There should be on-going training programmes for the police. Parent‟s expectation that son will take care of them in old age and daughter-inlaw will perform the family responsibility is wrong. a mix of mass media with various traditional forms of communication may provide a more effective alternative to influence the illiterate and the poor. If girl's parents need financial support that girls must be allowed to support them even after marriage. and nations demographics.plays a very significant role in removing gender bias and developing a positive image of the girl child in the society. To reach the remotest backward rural and tribal areas.The act of female foeticide is intrinsically linked to the 'Dowry system' as due to the prevalence of dowry system. Networking with other systems: There should be strong network amongst the police. legal system. the health system and women‟s organizations. it will give return to others in future. This mindset need to change.
changing official and social attitudes. midwives and educationists. awareness was generated and the sex ratio changed by 71 points from 2001 to 2012.• • • • Reporting of cases: Dowry harassment or death cases should be reported without delay. and the sex ratio can be corrected by the sheer will of the people. This is an example of how female foeticide can be stopped. or them becoming the dominant sex. public meetings and street plays. to warn against female foeticide. However. it shows us a shameful facet of our thinking. and a phone helpline was set up for expectant mothers.The law is in place but implementation is lacking. the culprit should not be granted bail as this gives him ample opportunities to destroy all evidence to threaten the witness. A cohesive and concerted effort by everyone can prove to be the requisite baby step in the right direction. The solution lies in changing the system. power supply etc. and the new district deputy commissioner. Through rallies. that specialize in marketing medical equipments used for illegal sex determination and abortion in unlicensed clinics and hospitals. there were just 785 girls for every 1000 boys. We may not support the notion of women rising above men. High fines and judicial action against „parents‟ who knowingly try to kill their unborn baby. or conquering the world. Let‟s not be murderers of our own flesh and blood. In 2005. veterinary hospitals. the prominent ones are: Heavy penalty imposed on companies like GE. organised a seminar for doctors. Krishna Kumar. Law and Legislation. The deaths of 10 lakh girls in the womb every year is not merely a statistic. Registration of cases: The delay in registering cases at the Police station and in the Medical examination at the hospitals should be drastically reduced. Simultaneously they should be given other related responsibilities in the villages like inspection of school education. and in taking individual action. Other Solutions Of the numerous steps taken to curb the matter. drinking water supply. as it can be fatal. Action was taken against transgressors. Adoption of villages by government officials: Government officials 5 contagious villages. and raises a very fundamental question about our sense of identity. Community Action: Social boycott of families which have harassed bride for dowry is a string weapon to effect social change. . the basic humane consideration to let an innocent child live and see the world she was conceived to grow in is not too much to ask. Court procedures: As far as possible.
3) Say NO to dowry. Women who haven‟t had the opportunity or access to primary education can be given this chance by conducting small scale classes by student volunteers. 1) Women Empowerment and Education In order to bring about women empowerment and greater education for the society at large. As mentioned. women organisations. to enable easy understanding of the major issues by the society members and also create a long lasting impact. Breaking the mental models is the best way to eradicate the root cause and bring about the required movement towards the change. Because it is always better to see than just hear. These steps would enable them to become largely self sufficient and support themselves financially by obtaining decent jobs. We will also have to discuss with school heads and education board members to incorporate such awareness aspects in the curriculum itself in the form of subjects such as moral science and student social responsibility. We could also ask for these students participation to spread awareness and change the perception of the stakeholders towards the girl child. the ill effects of female foeticide. For this. we can tie up with NGO‟s to organize large scale awareness campaigns and sessions. To bring about awareness amongst the urban population it is important that we focus on educating school children for which we will have to visit various schools. Awareness campaigns can also be organised to teach women first level of self defence so that they can protect themselves and their children. Also people need to be made aware of the existing laws against dowry system. it is important that there is a well structured project plan in place. Dowry System is intrinsically linked to the issue of female foeticide. we can organize awareness campaigns to make people aware of the ill effects of dowry system and its effect on female foeticide. Following measures can be taken to eradicate dowry system from the society: With the help of NGO‟s. .PROJECT PLAN For the effective implementation of the solutions proposed by us. we also need to create a strong network amongst the police. This would help them to become independent and not succumb under family pressure and can make their own decisions. 2) Changing of Orthodox Rural Behaviour We can tie up with various media and drama companies to organise and arrange street plays and flash mobs. legal system. to illustrate the importance of the girl child. the age old system of dowry needs to be removed from its roots. This would be strong tool to change the wrong mindsets that majority of the older generation of people hold today regarding the girl child and the importance of sons.
offering convenient work time & satisfaction of positive outcome. media. by the year 2025 a significant share of men above 30 would still be single. who want to give back to society but have “Little time”. Using the various tools. Change is possible. the law. NGOs. CONCLUSION India has yet a long way to go in her fight against pre-birth elimination of females. It is possible for each one of us to do something. Primary recipient group is any pregnant woman. the families which accept dowries and also harass the brides should be boycotted socially to bring about a social effect. The delay in the dowry cases right from its registration at police station till the judgement should be drastically reduced. Our approach solves these dilemmas & involves people in philanthropic work with respect to financial commitment. we hope to reach >90% of the population. such as: shortage of volunteers. but cannot report due to lack of privacy and fear of reprisal. to ensure that India does not become the mother of only boys that India‟s daughters are not denied the right to live. who suspects a sex-determination test leading to an illegal abortion if foetus turns out to be girl.Also the dowry harassment or death cases should be reported without delay. teachers and the community itself is the need of the hour. Also. right now. Primary volunteer target group comprises of adult Internet users. According to UNFPA projection. The laws and punishments against the dowry culprits should be made stringent so that families do not ask for dowry and at the same time. SOCIAL IMPACT Once these solutions are developed & adopted to prevent female foeticide. Men in the states of Haryana and Punjab are already experiencing a nearly 20% deficit of marriageable women. and that many will never be able to marry at all. proactive-anonymous reporting & individual follow-ups. Time is quickly ticking away. The cases should be tried at fast track courts. “Financial constraints” & are “Not sure about right causes”. change is in our hands. the girl‟s family do not succumb to these pressures. A concerted effort by the medical fraternity. . The culprit should not be granted bail as this will give him the ample opportunities to destroy all evidence to threaten the witness. A shortage of girls would lead to a shortage of eligible brides thus making the girl a "scarce commodity". Most of the people and specially females are not aware of certain laws that are already in place that they can use to save themselves. it should have a significant impact by solving issues identified above. 4) Law and regulations. political leaders. We could approach college to urge them to incorporate subjects like laws so society at large could be made aware of the laws that are in place and should be used by the citizens because they were formulated to protect the citizens.
savethebabygirl.html 9.aspx?relid=89821 10.timesofindia. http://orissa.BIBLIOGRAPHY 1.org.aspx http://www. http://pib.com/exclusive/female-foeticide-death-before-birth_3547.com/2012-11-29/health/34972384_1_genderbias-ratio-child 8.html http://www. http://www. 7.bioline.india. 3.missionarogya.com/readmore.pdf http://articles. 4.html http://www.indiatimes.pdf http://zeenews. 5.in/newsite/erelease. http://www.epw.com http://www.in/e-magazine/Orissareview/2008/December-2008/engpdf/8-17.in/elib/foeticide/fo_female_foeticide.br/pdf?jp08099 11. http://www.satyamevjayateonline.in/special-articles/female-foeticide-rural-haryana. 2.com/census2011/female-sex-ratio.org/p/isaveagirl-stop-female-foeticide. 6.mapsofindia.gov.html .womenstudies.nic.