Efficient room temperature management with innovative PCM plasterboards.

Where energy efficiency increases comfort. . demand for maximum indoor comfort is also increasing. Energy-efficient construction is the order of the day. The new Alba®balance plasterboards allow you to efficiently reconcile both of these targets whilst saving energy. This is made possible by the innovative microcapsules with phase-change material (PCM). However. These ensure that surplus heat in walls and floors is latently stored and automatically released again when temperatures drop.

The fact that they do not simply increase comfort but also reduce heating and cooling costs makes them a worthwhile investment in building efficiency. wall linings and claddings as well as for suspended ceilings. Increased comfort all year round Alba®balance plasterboards with PCM microcapsules ensure an even room temperature whatever the time of year – in summer and winter alike. This creates natural regulation of the indoor climate – without the need for an external energy source. Plasterboard as a natural thermostat The innovative Alba®balance plasterboard construction material contains specially developed PCM microcapsules which change phase within humans’ comfort zone (23°C or 26°C). 3 . This phase transition can be repeated as many times as required. buildings are the cause of around 40% of all CO2 emissions in industrial nations. This is made possible by high-quality paraffins which change physical state between solid and liquid: when they melt upon reaching a particular temperature. which is then released again upon solidifying. Phase-change material PCM as latent heat storage Phase-change material (PCM) is able to soak up large quantities of thermal energy and retain it for long periods of time with very little loss. this heat is returned to the environment. According to a study conducted by the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS). If the temperatures should drop again. Energy-efficient construction using Alba®balance plasterboards thus makes an active contribution to climate protection. environmental protection and quality of life.Alba®balance plasterboards for a balanced indoor climate. If the room temperature exceeds these values. they absorb the resulting thermal energy (heat of fusion). This makes them an ideal panelling material for partition walls. then the excess heat is absorbed by the boards.

In order to achieve the desired effect within the human comfort zone. This means that excessive maximum temperatures due to intense sunshine or heating or to waste heat from machines and appliances can be significantly delayed. or allows the heat surplus to be postponed to times when it will not be disruptive or can even be used (e. This results in a smaller temperature fluctuation amplitude and thus a more uniform room temperature. this can be used to lower the peak load of mechanical air-conditioning and significantly reduce heating consumption. This ‘peak shifting’ effect reduces energy requirements for the mechanical re-cooling of excess heat. Temperature smoothing should not be confused with an air-conditioning or heating system. as the PCM Classic drywall panels (plasterboard) Plasterboards with PCM Heat Q microcapsules do not generate any heat or cold but instead simply temporarily store it. Alba®balance plasterboards Temperature T reduce temperature fluctuations. 4 . the choice Tm of board type is governed by the need for the correct phase change temperature (23 or 26°C). a time delay in the temperature change. heating runs in parallel to heat radiation. Alba® Temperature T Temperatur T balance plasterboards break up the heat peaks. Temperature peak shifting Whilst classic (plasterboard) drywall panels heat and cool in parallel with the intensity of the heat input. Since classic (plasterboard) drywall panels offer sensitive heat storage. the temperature of the board remains at its current level and only further increases or decreases once this process has been fully Time t Heat input Classic drywall panels (plasterboard) Plasterboards with PCM completed.g. this process persists for longer at their defined phase change temperature. However. For boards with PCM. Excess heat is stored by the PCM microcapsules during phase changes and rereleased when required. when the heat output drops during the evening). This gives rise to a ‘peak shift’. reduce peak loads. i. Temperature smoothing Heat storage Heat output Since the PCM microcapsules store the absorbed heat and release it again once the room temperature drops below the predefined value.e. however.Delay overheating. This is due to the latent heat storage properties of the PCM Tm microcapsules used: when the phase transition (from solid to liquid and vice versa) is initiated.

20 160 162 164 166 168 170 28 Wall temperature (°C) 30 Temperature (°C) Temperatur (°C) maximum and minimum wall temperatures compared to 26 24 22 Day of the year Classic drywall panels (plasterboard) Plasterboards with PCM Alba®balance plasterboards ensure reductions of up to 2K in wall temperature measurements compared to classic (plasterboard) drywall panels. The results conclusively demonstrated that the peak levels of PCM boards remained consistently below those of lightweight boards. However. 165 170 175 180 Day of the year Classic drywall panels (plasterboard) Classic plasterboard panel (solid plaster) Plasterboards with PCM For walls with Alba®balance plasterboards. the room temperatures measured over a longer period of time remained consistently in the comfort zone between 22 and 25°C (with the exception of a handful of peaks and troughs).5mm PCM boards with a melting point of 26°C. a long-term comparison shows a considerable reduction in temperature fluctuation amplitude.Temperature equalisation with Alba®balance plasterboards. Reduce maximum room temperatures 30 Room temperature (°C) Walls’ heat absorption and emission properties have a significant effect on room temperature. This measured the wall temperatures of a simple panelled lightweight wall with 12mm (plasterboard) drywall and a plasterboard wall consisting of 2 x 12. Temperature Temperatur (°C) (°C) 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 160 Measurements conducted in a reference room on various drywall varieties attest to this. Due to their higher mass. the peak values can be reduced by another 1. 5 . Keep wall temperatures in the comfort zone The fact that the PCM microcapsules in Alba®balance plasterboards offer a reduction in fluctuations between lightweight walls has been proven with measurements conducted in a reference room of the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems in Freiburg. Classic (plasterboard) drywall panels have the widest fluctuations and reach the highest temperature in the course of the day.5K. conventional Alba® (solid) plasterboards already produce slightly lower maximum temperatures. Germany (Alba®balance test report). the top performers were Alba®balance plasterboards with PCM microcapsules: thanks to their latent heat storage properties. In addition.

As the PCM 24°C 19°C microcapsules introduced into the plaster ensure natural temperature equalisation. Concrete Sand-lime brick Brick Lightweight Wood Glass wool Alba®balance The dynamic heat capacity of Alba®balance plasterboards in the PCM microcapsule melting range (21 to 24°C) compared to walls made of conventional construction materials. This saves space and increases the yield of commercial properties. based on layer thickness [kJ/(m K)] 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 Save space with more compact space storage Slowing down heating in summer and cooling in winter requires as high wall thicknesses as possible in solid construction. 6 . ensuring that there is no difference in temperature between the floor and ceiling. With phase-change material (PCM). largely neutralising temperature differences between floor and ceiling. Phase transition Increased comfort thanks to effective thermal insulation in summer Highly effective insulation and airtight construction sensitive Temperature T methods in buildings with large windows prevent trapped heat from escape back outside. this heat exchange requires significantly reduced weight and mass. Dynamic heat capacity. on the other hand.5cm Alba®balance panels on each side (+ 5cm insulation) can store as much heat as a brick wall 20cm thick. Draughts and other unpleasant side effects of mechanical air-conditioning systems are also reduced. day and night. A plasterboard partition wall with 2. the heat is absorbed by the PCM microcapsules. they ensure efficient heat insulation in summer.Summer and winter. classic (plasterboard) drywall panels heat up in parallel to the heat input. 26°C 19°C Comfort through natural temperature equalisation An even room temperature increases the productivity and physical comfort of those in the room. 17°C 19°C Classic drywall panels (plasterboard) Plasterboard with PCM Alba®balance plasterboards emit heat evenly. Under strong sunlight. The boards also release the heat evenly. With Alba®balance plasterboards. Alba®balance plasterboards are able to achieve this with considerably reduced use of energy. Alba®balance plasterboards offer an easy solution to this problem: as they absorb ambient heat above the comfort Tm sensitive latent sensitive Classic drywall panels (plasterboard) Plasterboards with PCM Heat Q zone and then rerelease it when there is sufficient nighttime ventilation (air exchange rate of 3 to 4).

We used Alba®balance plasterboards for walls and ceilings in rooms which receive high levels of heat from the sun. ‘In order to ensure optimal implementation of the thermal storage mass in the timber structure. We assessed a number of scenarios which might compensate for this loss. Caslano Energy planner: Moggio Engineering SA. Case study – Minergie-P-Eco® residential building: soak up the sun and enjoy comfort. Novaggio Architecture: Studio d’architettura Jean-Patrick Jaccard. The additional production cost expenditure of approx. Wettingen Energy planner: Solararchitektur GmbH. Jean-Patrick Jaccard. Spreitenbach Use: 7 freehold apartments across 3 floors and one attic floor Developer: Poststrasse construction consortium. c/o 5 Architekten AG. and the option of using a construction material containing PCM emerged as the ideal solution.25% is easily justified by the increase in living comfort and the anticipated energy savings.’ Stephan Spaar.Increase comfort and save energy with Alba®balance plasterboards. 1. partner at 5 Architekten AG Property: apartment building on Poststrasse. and also as internal insulation for the façade walls. We used the new Alba®balance plasterboards as panelling for walls and ceilings in rooms which receive high levels of heat from the sun. HTL-qualified architect. we were happy to accept the marginal cost increase. high storage capability and ease of processing were the key factors in this decision. together with the timber structural engineer and the energy planner we sought alternatives to complicated and bulky solutions. STS/OTIA-qualified architect. Bioggio 7 . This provides additional sound insulation for ceiling areas. Since environmental protection and healthy living is very important to us. We eventually concluded that Alba®balance plasterboards were very well suited to our ‘directly solar powered house’ concept – primarily because they are thinner and significantly lighter than other options. improves the indoor climate in summer and helps to store heat in winter. thermal mass for heat storage was lost due to the internal insulation required for the exposed concrete façade. ‘In this property. Chur Timber structure: Timbatec GmbH. Thun Case study – private villa in Tessin: eco-friendly construction and healthy living. Its low space requirements. proprietor of Studio d’architettura Property: Private villa on the Via i Quádra. Wettingen Architecture and planning: 5 Architekten AG.

. they can be seamlessly included in the efforts for sustainable construction and to improve buildings’ energy efficiency. Thanks to their excellent ecological credentials. Alba®balance plasterboards do more than simply provide your construction projects with efficient passive climate regulation – they also make an effective contribution to protecting the environment. Their technical and economic advantages are winning over those responsible for their active implementation.Where you create sustainability in construction.

Together with ecologically responsible construction methods. a building’s ecological balance is also affected by its construction materials.Alba®balance plasterboards for eco-friendly construction concepts. Enormous potential for old buildings According to the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE). so-called ‘surface renovation’ is still very widespread when restoring existing buildings. Alba®balance plasterboards can be used to quickly and economically introduce thermal mass into old buildings. Closed cycles for construction materials Alba®balance plasterboards achieve an excellent ecological balance. there is great potential for saving energy by renovating old buildings. they are totally harmless to humans. Alba®balance plasterboards can help to achieve this goal. 9 . Made from the natural raw material plaster and non-toxic paraffins for the PCM microcapsules. However. as well as their transport and disposal. Energy-efficient construction concepts Intelligent construction in accordance with the Minergie-P-Eco® standard or with low-energy. and solve the issue of heat insulation for large windows in summer without additional (or with hugely reduced) energy consumption. the energy needs of all Swiss residential and commercial buildings can be reduced by 50 to 70% in the long term. This means that the entire life-cycle ‘from cradle to grave’ must be considered as a whole. As an ecologically responsible construction material. passive or self-sufficient active housing concepts could sustainably reduce Switzerland’s CO2 emissions. energyefficient panel production. motivating the homeowners to ecologically upgrade their holdings. As well as for new builds. Their thermo-active properties increase individual wellbeing in buildings with thick shells. technical installations and energy systems. short transport distances and the recycling of waste and dismantled building materials all serve to protect the environment and ensure a closed cycle. Considerate management of Rigips’ Swiss quarries and their subsequent renaturalisation.

The high level of flexibility as regards changes of use. Reduction in CO2 emissions Alba®balance plasterboards are manufactured in Rigips’ Swiss factories using local raw plaster. low operating weight and easily-achieved high-quality Q3 surface finish. investment in mechanical cooling systems is becoming more and more significant. As a building’s environmental balance is affected to a considerable extent by the manufacturing processes of the construction products it contains. latest generation burners as well as environmentally-friendly natural gas and green electricity.Environmentally sound and economically attractive. Worthwhile investment In ideal conditions. the removal of the need for drying time and the space gain offered by the plasterboards all provide additional economic benefits. the minimal additional costs of the boards are negligible. In many cases. installing comparatively cheap Alba®balance plasterboards considerably reduce the building service equipment costs. which continue to consume power even after their construction is complete. This significantly lowers investment costs for building service equipment. they help to reduce the energy consumption associated with heating and the use of mechanical ventilation and air-conditioning systems. Thanks to their economic construction. 10 . In light of global warming. energy-efficient refurbishment and the use of PCM materials can entirely remove the need to install air-conditioning systems or considerably reduce the required size of such systems. This ensures short transport distances from the quarry to the production plant and on to the market. Once installed. energyefficient. The manufacturing process uses cutting-edge. the boards do not produce any additional CO2 emissions: in fact. Rigips is continually reducing its factories’ CO2 emissions and has also filed binding reduction targets with the federal authorities.

Reduce energy and operating costs Depending on the building’s construction type and technical equipment. 11 . By removing the need to install mechanical air-conditioning. Long service life and eco-friendly RiCycling® PCM microcapsules are as ecologically harmless and durable as the natural construction material plaster. Medium and long term energy prices are demonstrating a purely upward trend – for both fossil fuels and electricity. Segments and dismantled building materials can be easily reprocessed in the Rigips RiCycling® plant. This move relieves the burden placed on landfills and saves valuable local resources. the payback period is becoming increasingly short! This combined with the fact that the wall panels have no maintenance costs. Rigips put Switzerland’s first reprocessing plant for plaster segments and dismantled plaster building materials into operation in Granges. RAL endurance testing has demonstrated that the melting and liquefaction process used for heat storage and emission can be repeated indefinitely. Increasing energy efficiency by constructional means is therefore an ecological and also economical necessity. In September 2011. As energy prices will continue to increase over the coming years. using Alba®balance plasterboards can cut cooling energy requirements by up to 50% and also significantly reduce heating consumption.Responsible construction with Alba®balance plasterboards. This guarantees the Alba®balance plasterboards a service life of at least 30 years. and subsequently used to produce new Alba® panels. This helps the environment and also lowers operating costs. the purchase of PCM plasterboards will pay off within just a few years.

Besides their thermo-active properties. plasticiser or similar emissions.Where people feel comfortable. pleasant surface temperatures all year round. natural regulation of air humidity. Alba®balance plasterboards with phase-change material offer all the familiar advantages of drywall construction: a healthy indoor climate without formaldehyde. . This produces rooms where people feel comfortable – at work and at play. excellent sound insulation and maximum flexibility. Their extremely smooth surface provides a perfect appearance.

Whilst a conventional lightweight façade panel with 2 x 12. In wooden structures. commercial and public buildings.5 Wh/m2K. office. a façade panel using 1 x 25mm Alba®balance plasterboards reaches 72. 13 . Life and work should also be healthy and comfortable in energy-optimised buildings. they enable the thermal mass to be brought up to the level of a solid or conventionally designed building. and also to increase comfort levels. This creates unprecedented levels of comfort and counters many common preconceptions of timber constructions. The thermo-active properties of PCM compensate for this drawback. As these separate the solid external walls from the interior rooms. the heat stabilising effect of the brickwork is lost. As PCM boards also absorb exhaust heat from office equipment and lighting. in many cases they eliminate the need to retrofit air-conditioning systems or devices when renovating older commercial buildings. anywhere. traditional or complying with the Minergie® standard – Alba®balance plasterboards ensure a balanced room climate anytime. Renovations with interior wall insulation Energy-efficient improvements are often made to old buildings using interior wall insulation.Alba®balance plasterboards for new builds and renovations. wooden beam ceilings and attics. Ideal for residential and commercial buildings Whether conventional or air-conditioned.00 Wh/m2K.5mm (plasterboard) drywall panels achieves a heat storage capacity (Ceff) of approx. 6. This makes them equally suitable for residential homes and industrial. Versatile – particularly for wooden structures Alba®balance plasterboards have extremely versatile applications – as panelling for façade and partition walls or alternatively as cladding for suspended ceilings. Alba®balance plasterboards help to improve the environmental balance of buildings where they are used.

Alba®balance plasterboards for walls and wall panels. Plasterboard interior wall insulation Plasterboard metal-framed wall Plasterboard exterior wall in timber structure Plasterboard cladding for wooden frameworks 14 .

Plasterboard cladding for suspended ceilings Plasterboard cladding for wooden beam Plasterboard cladding for heated/chilled ceilings Plasterboard attic extension 15 .Alba®balance plasterboards for ceilings and attic extensions.

Product range Melting point Room temperature Latent heat storage (dH) Board type Board size Width x length x thickness Basis weight 23°C 26°C 300 kJ/m2 330 kJ/m2 Alba®balance 23 Alba®balance 26 500 x 1000 x 25 mm 500 x 1000 x 25 mm 25 kg/m2 25 kg/m2 Technical data Identification Gross density Basis weight Latent heat (dH) Specific heat (C ) Total storage capacity (10–30°C) Flexural strength Hardness (Shore) Compressive strength Shear strength Adhesive strength Building material class (DIN EN 13826:2002-06) Fire class Characteristics Thermal conductivity Water vapour diffusion resistance Processing Surfaces Finish Pale pink approx. The choice is yours.3 (flame-retardant. top coat or tiles 16 .9 N/mm 2 1. wallpaper. 1000 kg/m3 approx.Alba®balance plasterboards.8 kg/cm 52 3.3 kJ/m2 K 866 kJ/m 2 2 approx. 8. never chisel Spackle in joint areas or all over Paint.27 W/mK μ 5–10 Drill. saw or mill.25 N/mm2 Indicative test B S2 d0 5. 25 kg/m 2 2 2 300 kJ/m2 = 83 Wh/m2 (operating temperature 23°C) 330 kJ/m2 = 91 Wh/m2 (operating temperature 26°C) 28.4 N/mm2 > 0. low smoke formation) Ridge and groove profile round all edges λ 0.

Full bags are collected by our partners.rigips. costings. It is also our policy to ensure punctual delivery to the construction site using our special cranes. With each order. For more complex properties. RiCycling® Thanks to our unique RiCycling® 1 . we prepare a tender if desired and provide the corresponding material lists. For further information: Tel. presorted and delivered to our RiCycling® plant.Alba®balance plasterboards. we ensure environmentally-sound disposal and reprocessing of plaster segments and dismantled plaster building materials. Quotations. Technical advice Experienced in-house and field service technical advisers support your detailed planning and offer you comprehensive information on all design types. Good service all round. you will receive a number of ‘Big Bags’ delivered to the construction site as collection containers. logistics Quotation documents and calculation bases are available to you on CD-ROM or on our website. for example walls with high sound insulation requirements or with increased fire protection properties. 062 887 70 30 or www. We are also happy to advise you on special requirements.

rigips. Uses Wall systems Rigips ® Alba ® Lightweight walls Façade walls Cladding Suspended ceilings Cladding Coffered acoustic ceilings Jointless acoustic ceilings Dry flooring Lightweight walls and ceilings for large heights and spans Room-in-room constructions Stiffening panels Lightweight walls Façade walls Cladding Dry flooring Plasterboard walls Partition walls Façade walls Cladding Suspended ceilings Cladding Ceiling systems Floor systems Room systems Timber structures Prefabrication Mouldings Rigips ® Domes Panelling Processing Plaster and surfaces Auxiliary equipment Rigips Alba ® ® Adhesive Grout Filler and white plaster Machinery Tools Equipment Service Planning and implementation Rigips Alba ® ® Advice Training and further training Tender/costing Material list Logistics RiCycling® Rigips AG Gewerbepark Postfach 5506 Mägenwil AG Tel: 062 887 44 44 Fax: 062 887 44 45 Email: Änderungen vorbehalten .www. Expansion that makes Drywall plasterboard.

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