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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher Basic Sketcher

CATIA V5R6

This section will cover the basic use of the Sketcher to create profiles for the Part Design package. This section will consist of four parts: basic shapes, profiles, constraints and modifications to profiles. It is assumed that you have the default icons selected in the bottom toolbar. This includes the snap-to-grid icon, the geometrical constraint icon and the dimensional constraint icon. These and the other options in the bottom toolbar will be discussed in more detail later in the manual. The pictures in this manual are shown without a grid; this is to make them easier to see. When you are sketching, though, you will have a grid by default. If you want to turn the grid off, you can use the pull-down menus. Basic Shapes This part will discuss the various shapes that can be created in the Sketcher using the icons on the Sketcher workbench. The purpose of this group of exercises is to introduce how to use those icons and generate the basic shapes. The usefulness of these shapes depend on the profile you are trying to create. Therefore you should just concentrate on what each icon allows you do and the corresponding shape it creates. Later in the class you will learn how to put everything together to generate your parts. The following exercises assume that you are in a new sketch. The first page shows you the necessary steps to begin a new model and start a new sketch on a particular plane. After that if you need help you will have to refer back to that page. Note: It may not be necessary to do all of the following exercises step by step. If you feel comfortable with the material then you can create all of the basic shapes on one sketch. If you struggle or would like more information then you can consult the individual exercise for that shape.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Creating a new part with a new sketch Select the new icon in the bottom toolbar.This creates a new document. There are many types of documents possible, so next you will choose which type you want. Select Part.

CATIA V5R6

Select OK. This will create a new part. Select the Sketcher icon.This will activate the Sketcher, but first CATIA needs to know which plane you wish to use for your sketch. Select the yz plane. You can either select the yz plane symbol in the center of your screen or you can select the yz plane name in the specification tree. By selecting this plane you are telling the computer that you want to sketch a profile in that plane. CATIA will rotate the window around so that you are looking straight down on (that is, normal to) the plane to perform your sketch. Note: Remember to refer back to this page if you have trouble creating a new part with a new sketch. Saving and closing the part Select the pull-down menu File. This will give you the option to use Save As. Select the Save As option from the pull-down menu. This will open up the Save As window. You will need to specify your directory in the Save in box and key in the file name in the File name box. Select Save. This will save the document as a CATPart with the name you specified in the directory you specified. You will now want to close the window because you are finished with this exercise: Select the pull-down menu File. This will give you the option to Close. Select Close option from the pull-down menu. This closes the window and you are now ready to proceed to the next exercise. www.cadfamily.com The document is for study only,if any tort to your rights,Please inform us,we will delete it Contact:cadserv21@hotmail.com Basic Shapes, Page 30Wichita State University

CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Rectangle

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a rectangle using the rectangle icon. This is useful any time you need a box shape. All you have to do is specify two opposite corners of the rectangle and Sketcher will generate it for you. Select the rectangle icon.Notice this icon has a down arrow on it. If you select the icon at the location of the arrow the various sub-option icons will appear. For now you just want the regular rectangle. Once you select the icon it should highlight. Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify one of the corners of your rectangle. Select somewhere up and out to the right. This defines the other corner of the rectangle and the rectangle should appear similar to the one below.

Notice how the horizontal and vertical constraints automatically appeared on the rectangle. If you wish, you can save your document: call it rectangle with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Oriented Rectangle

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build an oriented rectangle using the oriented rectangle icon. This is useful any time you need a box type shape that is oriented at an angle instead of being horizontal and vertical. You have to specify a location for the rectangle to begin at and then specify the other end of the line representing a side of the rectangle. After doing that then you have to specify a location for the height of the rectangle and then the rectangle will be generated for you. Press and hold the left mouse button while on the down arrow of the rectangle icon. This allows you to access the sub-option icons. You will want the oriented rectangle icon. Release the button on top of the oriented rectangle icon.The icon should change to the oriented rectangle icon and highlight. Notice how the rectangle icon no longer appears; it has moved to the sub-options now. Remember you can always access the suboptions by holding down the left mouse button on the down arrow of the respective icon. Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify one of the corners of your rectangle. The next location that you select will define the orientation of the rectangle. Select somewhere up and to the right. This defines the other end of a side of the oriented rectangle. The next location that you define will determine the height of the oriented rectangle. Select somewhere up and to the left of the last location. This defines the height of the oriented rectangle and it should appear similar to the one shown below.

Notice how the parallel constraints automatically appeared on the oriented rectangle. If you wish, you can save your document; call it oriented rectangle with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Parallelogram

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a parallelogram using the parallelogram icon. This is useful any time you need a shape where the sides are parallel to one another but they can be at any angle. This is similar to the oriented rectangle except the angle between sides does not have to be 90 degrees. You have to specify a corner point for the parallelogram, then a point for the other end of a line representing a side of the parallelogram. Finally, you have to specify the endpoint for one other side of the parallelogram. CATIA will generate a parallelogram using the given points. Press and hold the left mouse button while on the down arrow of the rectangle icon. (Note: The rectangle icon may not currently be showing; if not, select the down arrow on the icon that is showing in the rectangle spot. If you just completed the last exercise then the icon will be the oriented rectangle icon.) This allows you to access the sub-option icons. You will want the parallelogram icon.

Release the button on top of the parallelogram icon.The icon should change to the parallelogram icon and highlight. Notice how the previous icon no longer appears; it has moved to the sub-options now. Remember you can always access the sub-options by hold down the left mouse button on the down arrow of the respective icon. Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify one of the corners of your parallelogram. The next location that you select will define the endpoint of one of the sides of the parallelogram. Select somewhere up and to the right. This defines the other end of a side of the parallelogram. The next location that you define will determine the endpoint of the other side. Select somewhere up and to the right of the last location. This defines the endpoint of the other side of the parallelogram and it should appear similar to the one shown below.

Notice how the parallel constraints automatically appeared on the parallelogram. If you want, save your document and call it parallelogram with your initials. www.cadfamily.com The document is for study only,if any tort to your rights,Please inform us,we will delete it Contact:cadserv21@hotmail.com Basic Shapes, Page 33 Wichita State University

CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Elongated Slot

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build an elongated slot using the elongated slot icon. This is useful any time you need to define a slot that is linear and curved with a full radius on both ends. You have to specify a location for the center of one of the curved ends and then define a location for the center of the other curved end. After doing that then you have to specify a location defining the radius of the ends and then the elongated slot will be generated for you. Press and hold the left mouse button while on the down arrow of the rectangle icon. (Note: The rectangle icon may not currently be showing, just select the down arrow on the icon that is showing in the rectangle spot. If you just completed the last exercise then the icon will be the parallelogram icon.) This allows you to access the sub-option icons. You will want the elongated slot icon.

Release the button on top of the elongated slot icon.The icon should change to the elongated slot icon and highlight. Notice how the previous icon no longer appears; it has moved to the sub-options now. Remember you can always access the sub-options by hold down the left mouse button on the down arrow of the respective icon. Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify the center of one of the curved ends of your slot. The next location that you select will define the center of the other curved end of your slot. Select somewhere up and to the right. This defines the center of the other curved end of the slot. The next location that you define will determine the radius of the ends. Select somewhere up and to the right of the last location. This defines the radius of the ends of the slot and it should appear similar to the one shown below.

Notice how the parallel and tangency constraints automatically appeared on the elongated slot. If you desire you can save your work; call it elongated slot with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Elongated Curved Slot

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build an elongated curved slot using the elongated curved slot icon. This is useful any time you need to define a slot that is circular and curved with a full radius on both ends. The first step is to specify a location for the center of the circular path that the slot is going to follow. Then you specify a location to define the radius of the circular path which also is the definition of the center of one of the curved ends. The next step is to specify the center of the other curved end along that radius. The last step is to specify a location that defines the width of the slot. After all that the elongated curved slot will be generated for you.

Press and hold the left mouse button while on the down arrow of the rectangle icon of the current workbench. (Note: The rectangle icon may not currently be showing; just select the down arrow on the icon that is showing in the rectangle spot. If you just completed the last exercise then the icon will be the elongated slot icon.) This allows you to access the sub-option icons. You will want the elongated curved slot icon.

Release the button on top of the elongated curved slot icon.The icon should change to the elongated curved slot icon and highlight. Notice how the previous icon no longer appears; it has moved to the sub-options now. Remember you can always access the sub-options by hold down the left mouse button on the down arrow of the respective icon. Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify the center of the circular path. The next location that you select will define the radius of the circular path and the center of one of the curved ends.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher

CATIA V5R6

Select out to the right. This defines the radius of the circular path that the slot is going to follow and the center of one of the curved ends of the slot. The next location that you define will be the center of the other curved end. Select somewhere down and out to the left of the last location. This defines the center of the other curved end of the slot. The next location will determine the width of the slot. Select somewhere above the last location. This determines the width of the slot and it should look similar to the one shown below.

Notice how the concentric and tangency constraints automatically appeared on the elongated curved slot. If you desire you can save the document and call it elongated curved slot with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Keyhole

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a keyhole shape using the keyhole icon. This is useful any time you need to define a keyhole. To get the keyhole, you need to define four locations, in order: the center of the large radius, the center of the small radius, the radius value of the small radius, and the radius value of the large radius. After all that the keyhole will be generated. Press and hold the left mouse button while on the down arrow of the rectangle icon. (Note: The rectangle icon may not currently be showing, just select the down arrow on the icon that is showing in the rectangle spot. If you just completed the last exercise then the icon will be the elongated curved slot icon.) This allows you to access the sub-option icons. You will want the keyhole icon.

Release the button on top of the keyhole icon.The icon should change to the keyhole icon and highlight. Notice how the previous icon no longer appears; it has moved to the sub-options now. Remember you can always access the sub-options by hold down the left mouse button on the down arrow of the respective icon. Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify the center of the larger radius of the keyhole. The next location that you select will define the center of the smaller radius of the keyhole. Select down below. This defines the center of the smaller radius of the keyhole. The next location that you specify will determine the smaller radius of the keyhole. Select to the right of the last location. This defines the radius of the smaller end of the keyhole. The next location will determine where the larger radius is to begin. Select somewhere above the last location. This determines the size of the larger radius, and it should look similar to the one shown below.

Notice how the parallel and tangency constraints automatically appeared on the keyhole. Save this document, if you wish, with the name keyhole, with your initials. www.cadfamily.com The document is for study only,if any tort to your rights,Please inform us,we will delete it Contact:cadserv21@hotmail.com Basic Shapes, Page 37 Wichita State University

CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Hexagon

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a hexagon using the hexagon icon. This is useful any time you need to define a hexagon. All you have to specify is the center of the hexagon and the distance to a side. The hexagon will then be generated. Press and hold the left mouse button while on the down arrow of the rectangle icon. (Note: The rectangle icon may not currently be showing, just select the down arrow on the icon that is showing in the rectangle spot. If you just completed the last exercise, the icon will be the keyhole icon.) This allows you to access the sub-option icons. You will want the hexagon icon.

Release the button on top of the hexagon icon.The icon should change to the hexagon icon and highlight. Notice how the previous icon no longer appears; it has moved to the sub-options now. Remember you can always access the sub-options by hold down the left mouse button on the down arrow of the respective icon. Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify the center of the hexagon. The next location that you select will define the distance to a side of the hexagon. Select to the right. This defines the distance to a side and the hexagon should appear similar to the one shown below.

Notice how the parallel and coincidence constraints automatically appeared on the hexagon. Save your document, if you wish, giving it the name hexagon, with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Circle

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a circle using the circle icon. This icon is similar to the rectangle icon in the sense that it has many sub-options available. For the main option, all you need to do is specify two points, representing the center and radius of the circle, and the circle will be generated for you.

Select the circle icon.Notice this icon has a down arrow on it similar to the rectangle icon. If you select the icon at the location of the arrow the various sub-option icons will appear. For now you just want the regular circle. Once you select the icon it should highlight. Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify the center of the circle. The next location will define the radius of the circle. Select any location a short distance away from the center. This determines the radius of the circle. CATIA will generate a circle similar to the one shown below.

If you desire you can save your work: give it the name circle with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Circle through 3 points

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a circle passing through three points. You have to specify the three locations for the circle to pass through and then the circle will be generated for you. It is assumed that you know how to access the sub-options of a particular icon therefore the steps will just tell you to select the sub-option icon. If you have trouble, please refer back to the previous exercises. Select the three-point circle icon. icon. It should be highlighted.

This is located in the sub-options of the circle

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify one of the locations that the circle will pass through. The other two locations will finish the definition of the circle. Select up and to the right. This specifies the second location for the circle to pass through. Select to the left of the last location. This specifies the last location for the circle to pass through and the circle appears similar to the one shown below.

If you desire you can save this document, calling it 3ptcircle with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Circle with Cartesian coordinates

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a circle using coordinates. You have to specify the coordinates for the center of the circle and its radius and then the circle will be generated for you. Select the circle using coordinates icon. and the icon should be highlighted. A Circle Definition window should appear

Notice that you can enter the coordinates using the Cartesian coordinate system or the polar coordinate system. You will want to use the Cartesian coordinate system for this exercise. Enter 2 for H, 2 for V and 1 for Radius. The circle appears similar to the one shown below.

Notice that the dimension constraints were automatically generated when you created the circle. If you desire you can save your document and call it circle coord with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Circle tangent to 3 elements

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a circle tangent to three elements. You have to specify the three elements that you want the circle to be tangent to and then the circle will be generated. Start a new part and go into the Sketcher with the yz plane. Select the circle using coordinates icon.You will use this icon to create three circles in order to see how the tri-tangent circle icon works. Create 3 circles using the following coordinates. H=0, V=3, Radius=1.5; H=4.5, V=3, Radius=2; H=1.5, V=-1, Radius=1. Three circles should appear as shown below. Next you will create a circle tangent to all three of these.

Select the tri-tangent circle icon.

It should be highlighted.

Select the three circles to be tangent to. This will specify the three elements that you want the circle to be tangent to and the circle appears similar to the one shown below. You can create a circle tangent to any three elements using this icon.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Arc through 3 points

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build an arc passing through three points. You simply need to specify any three points and an arc will be generated which starts at the first point, ends at the third point and passes through the second point. Select the three point arc icon.

It should highlight.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify one of the locations that the arc will pass through. The other two locations will finish the definition of the arc. Select up and to the left. This specifies the second location for the arc to pass through. Select up and to the right of the last location. This specifies the last location for the arc to pass through and the arc appears similar to the one shown below.

If you desire you can save your document and call it 3ptarc with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Arc through 3 points using limits

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build an arc passing through three points. The difference between this method and the last one is the order used to specify the three points. In this icon, the first two points you select are the endpoints, and the third is an additional point the arc will pass through.

Select the three point arc using limits icon.

It should highlight.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify one of the endpoints of the arc. The other two locations will finish the definition of the arc. Select up and to the right. This specifies the other endpoint of the arc. Select to the left of the last location. This specifies the location for the arc to pass through and the arc appears similar to the one shown below.

If you desire you can save your document and call it 3ptarclimits with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Arc

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build an arc by specifying the center point and then the starting point and ending point of the arc. The first location that you define will be the center point of the arc. The second location determines the radius of the arc and the starting point of the arc. The third location defines the other endpoint of the arc.

Select the arc icon.

It should be highlighted.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify the center of your arc. The other two locations will finish the definition of the arc. Select up and to the left. This specifies the starting point of the arc and the radius of the arc. Select to the right of the last location. This specifies the other endpoint of the arc and the arc appears similar to the one shown below.

If you desire you can save your document; call it arc with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Spline

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a spline. This icon is useful to create arbitrary smooth curves through a series of points. You need to specify a number of locations for the spline to pass through and it will create a smooth curve passing through them. The last point on the spline needs to be defined by double-clicking.

Select the spline icon.

It should be highlighted.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify one endpoint for the spline. The other locations will define the shape of the spline. Select up and to the right. This specifies the second location for the spline to pass through. Select down and to the right of the previous location. This specifies the third location for the spline to pass through. Select up and to the right of the previous location. This specifies the fourth location for the spline to pass through. Double-click down and to the right of the previous location. By double-clicking this location you are telling the computer that this location is the other endpoint of the spline. The finished spline should appear similar to the one shown below.

Save your document, if you wish, under the name spline with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Connect Curve

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a connect curve. This icon is useful to create arbitrary smooth curves connecting two elements. You need to specify the two endpoints of the connecting curve along the existing elements that you wish to connect. This option has two sub-options which will appear to the right of your sketcher icons in the bottom toolbar or wherever you located them. This will connect the two elements with an arc This will connect the two elements with a spline In this exercise you will use the connect with spline option, but feel free to use both options. Select the spline icon. It should be highlighted.

Create two splines that look similar to the diagram shown below. You will have to refer to the previous exercise if you need help creating the splines.

Select the connect curve icon.

It should be highlighted.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Select the connect with spline icon.This icon is located next to your sketcher icons in the bottom toolbar or wherever you located them.

CATIA V5R6

Select on the spline near the location shown below. Where you select the element determines one of the endpoints of the connect curve. Select on the other spline near the location shown below. This defines the other endpoint and generates the connect curve. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

If you desire you can save your document. Call it connect curve with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Ellipse

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build an ellipse. This icon is useful to create elliptical shapes. This is a conic shape that has certain mathematical properties useful for some designs. The first location you define is the center of the ellipse; the second one gives both the orientation and one of the two diameters. Finally you define the other diameter by selecting another location.

Select the ellipse icon.

It should be highlighted.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify the center of the ellipse. The next location determines the orientation and length of the ellipse. Select down and to the left. This determines the orientation and the length of the ellipse. The next location will define a location that the ellipse will pass through thereby defining the width of the ellipse. Select up and to the right of the previous location. This specifies a location that the ellipse will pass through determining the shape of the ellipse. It should appear similar to the one shown below.

If you desire you can save your document: call it ellipse with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Parabola

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a parabola. This icon is useful to create parabolic shapes. This is another conic curve that has certain mathematical properties useful for some designs. You have to define a location for the focus of the parabola and then the apex, or tip. Finally you must define the two endpoints for the parabola.

Select the parabola icon.

It should be highlighted.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify the focus of the parabola. The next location determines the apex or tip of the parabola. Select below the origin. This determines the apex. A parabolas shape is determined by the distance between the focus and the apex. The next two locations define the starting and ending points of the parabola. Select up and to the left of the previous location. This specifies the starting location for the parabola. Select up and to the right of the previous location. This specifies the ending location for the parabola and it should appear similar to the one shown below.

If you desire you can save your document. Call it parabola with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Hyperbola

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a hyperbola. A hyperbola is another conic curve that has certain mathematical properties useful for some designs. You have to define a location for the focus of the hyperbola and then the center of the hyperbola. After defining those locations then you must specify a location for the apex or tip of the hyperbola. Then you can define a starting point and ending point for the hyperbola.

Select the hyperbola icon.

It should highlight.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify the focus of the hyperbola. The next location determines the center of the hyperbola. Select a location well above the origin. This determines the center of the hyperbola. The next location defines the apex, or tip. Select somewhere between the origin and the previous location. This determines the apex, or tip, of the hyperbola. The three locations you have specified so farfocus, center, and apexdetermine the shape of the hyperbola. Next you will specify its endpoints. Select to the left of the origin point. This specifies one endpoint of the hyperbola. Select to the right of the origin point. This specifies the other endpoint. The finished hyperbola should appear similar to the one shown below.

If you desire you can save your document. Call it hyperbola with your initials.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Conic

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to create a conic. There are many sub-options available under this icon. Depending on which options you select will determine what you can define when creating the conic. You can define five points, tangency at the first end, tangency at the second end or tangency at both ends. This exercise will only cover creating a conic with tangency at both ends but feel free to use the other options until you are comfortable with them. Define tangency at the first end Define tangency at the second end Define tangency at both ends

Select the conic icon.

It should highlight.

Select the tangency at both ends icon.This will allow you specify a location that will define the tangency at both ends of the conic. Select the origin point. This defines the first end point of the conic. Select a location to the right of the origin. This defines the second end point of the conic. Select a location above and between the two points. This defines the tangency at both ends, from the endpoint to this point. Select below the last location. This defines the actual shape of the conic based on the previously defined tangencies. The conic should appear.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Line

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a line. Use this icon for straight edges of your profiles. To create a line, you only need to specify the two endpoints. Select the line icon. It should highlight.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify one endpoint of the line. The next location specifies the other endpoint. Select up and to the right of the origin. This determines the other endpoint. The line should appear similar to the one shown below.

If you desire you can save your document. Call it line with your initials.

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Unlimited Line

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build an unlimited line. Use this icon for straight edges of your profiles that you do not want a specific length but instead you want it to go out essentially forever. This icon has three sub-options that will allow you to create a horizontal, vertical or point to point unlimited line. Depending on which sub-option you choose determines what is necessary to create the line. In this exercise you will just use the point to point sub-option but feel free to use the other options to get familiar with them.

Select the unlimited line icon.

It should highlight.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify a point along the line. The next location specifies another point along the line. Select up and to the right of the origin. This defines another point along the line. The line should pass through those two locations and go out essentially forever. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

If you desire you can save your document. Call it unlimited line with your initials.

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Bi-tangent Line

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a bi-tangent line. A bi-tangent line is tangent to two other elements such as circles. All you have to do is specify the two elements that you wish the line to be tangent to. Select the circle using coordinates icon.

You will create two circles using this icon.

Create 2 circles using the following coordinates. H=0, V=3, Radius=1; H=2, V=0, Radius=.5 Two circles should appear as shown below.

Select the bi-tangent line icon.

It should highlight.

Select the right side of the larger circle. This will specify the line to be tangent to that side of the circle. The next location specifies the other element that the line is to be tangent to.

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Select left side of the smaller circle. This makes the line tangent to that side of the circle as well. The line should appear similar to the one shown below.

If you desire you can save your document with the name bitangent with your initials.

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Bisect Line

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a bisect line. A bisect line splits the angle between two other lines. All you have to do is specify the two lines that you wish to bisect and the bisecting line will be created. Select the line icon.

It should be highlighted.

Create two lines similar to the ones shown below. Start each line at the origin.

Select the bisect line icon.

It should be highlighted.

Select one of the lines. This defines one side of the sector that will be bisected. Select the other line. A bisecting line should appear similar to the one shown below.

If you desire you can save your document with the name bisect with your initials.

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Axis

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build an axis. An axis can be used for mirroring or for creating a shaft or groove in Part Design. To create an axis, all you have to do is specify two endpoints. Select the axis icon.

It should be highlighted.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This will specify one endpoint of the axis. Next you will specify the other endpoint. Select above the origin. This determines the other endpoint of the axis and it should appear similar to the one shown below.

If you desire you can save your document. Call it axis with your initials.

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Point

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a point. Points are useful for constraining your profile. All you have to do is specify a location for the point. Select the point icon. It should be highlighted.

Select up and to the right of the origin. This will specify a location for the point. You also have the option of selecting an element to put the point on the element at the specified location. That option will automatically add a coincidence constraint. The point should appear similar to the one shown below.

If you desire you can save your document and call it point with your initials.

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Point using coordinates

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build a point using coordinates. This icon is useful for generating points at specific locations. Normally this is used to position an item within your profile. All you have to do is enter the coordinates in the window that opens. Select the point using coordinates icon. and the icon should be highlighted. A Point Definition window should appear

Notice that you can enter the coordinates using the cartesian coordinate system or the polar coordinate system. You will want to use the cartesian coordinate system for this exercise. Enter 2 for H and 2 for V. This will generate a point at that coordinate and it should appear similar to the one shown below.

Notice the dimension constraints were automatically generated when you created the point. If you desire you can save your document and call it coord point with your initials.

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Equidistant points

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to build equidistant points. This icon is useful for generating points equidistant along an element. You have to specify an element and then specify the origin or the starting location for your spacing. Then you have to specify the spacing and the number of points to be spaced.

Select the three point arc icon.

It should be highlighted.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This specifies an endpoint of the arc. The other two locations will determine the shape of the arc. Select up and to the right of the origin. This defines the second location for the arc. Select down and to the right of the previous location. This defines the third location for the arc to pass through and the arc should appear similar to the one shown below.

Select the equidistant points icon.It should highlight. You will now have to specify the element you want to create equidistant points on. Select the arc. This is the element that you are going to create equidistant points along. The next location will determine the starting point for the spacing of the points. Select the right end of the arc. This determines the starting point for the creation of the equidistant points. An Equidistant Point Definition window should appear.

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Enter 1 for Spacing and 3 for New Points. This specifies the distance between the points and how many points that you want generated. Select OK. The points should appear similar to the ones shown below.

Notice that constraints were automatically generated for you. If you desire you can save your document and call it equidist point with your initials.

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Intersection Point

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to create a point at the intersection of two elements. All you have to do to create an intersection point is select the two elements. Select the line icon. It should be highlighted.

Create two lines as shown below.

Select the intersection point icon.

It should be highlighted.

Select one of the lines. It will use this line as one of the intersecting elements. Select the other line. The two lines do not have to actually intersect as long as they would intersect if they were to continue in length. The intersection point should appear with constraints as shown below.

If you desire you can save your document and call it intersection point with your initials.

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Projection Point

CATIA V5R6

This will cover the steps necessary to create a point by projecting a point to an element. All you have to do to create a projection point is select a point that you want to project and then select the element that you want to project the point to. Select the line icon.

It should be highlighted.

Create a line as shown below.

Select the point icon.

It should be highlighted.

Create a point as shown below.

Select the projection point icon.

It should be highlighted.

Select the point. You will use this point to project to the line.

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Select the line. A projected point is created and should appear with constraints as shown below.

If you desire you can save your document and call it projection point with your initials.

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Profiles

CATIA V5R6

This part will discuss the profile icon which the most commonly used icon when defining sketches. The purpose of these exercises are to demonstrate the usefulness of the profile icon and how to use it effectively. You can use it to generate basic shapes or more involved shapes all in one operation. The most common use is to specify corner points of your desired profile and it will generate lines between those points until you either click on the profile icon again, double-click a location or select a location that closes the profile. You also can use two other icons that are located in the bottom toolbar to generate curves as you are defining the profile. Also while using the line icon of profile you can generate curves by holding down the left mouse button and dragging it in the direction you want the curve to go and it will know to create a circular curve from that location. As you are defining the profile occasionally the element will appear in blue before defining the endpoint or a constraint may appear in blue. If you select the endpoint while the element or the constraint is blue then it will automatically put those constraints on the geometry when it is created. This is useful when defining horizontal and vertical lines because if they appear in blue while you are defining them then the horizontal and vertical constraint will automatically be generated on the element. You will now build various profiles to get experience using the various capabilities of the profile icon. The first profile you are going to build looks like the one shown below.

Start a new part and go into the Sketcher with the yz plane. Select the profile icon. It should be highlighted.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This specifies the starting point for your profile. When you specify the next location make sure the line appears blue before selecting the location. This will put the vertical constraint on your element automatically.

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Select a location above the origin. If the line appeared blue before you selected the second location then it should appear with the vertical constraint on it like the one shown below. Make sure when you specify the other locations that those elements appear blue as well before selecting the location.

Select a location to the right of the previous location. It should appear with the horizontal constraint on the element and look similar to the diagram shown below.

Select a location below the previous location along the H axis. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Select a location to the left of the previous location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select a location above the previous location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select a location to the left of the previous location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Select a location below the previous location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the origin point of the sketch again. The profile should appear similar to the diagram shown below and exit the profile icon.

If you desire you can save your document and call it profile1 with your initials. Save the document and close it.

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You will now perform a sketch of a part using the three point arc icon in the bottom toolbar during the sketch. This icon allows you to define a three point arc while using the profile icon. The second profile you are going to build looks like the one shown below.

Start a new part and go into the Sketcher with the yz plane. Select the profile icon. It should be highlighted.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This specifies the starting point for your profile. When you specify the next location make sure the line appears blue before selecting the location. This will put the vertical constraint on your element automatically. Select a location above the origin. If the line appeared blue before you selected the second location then it should appear with the vertical constraint on it like the one shown below. Make sure when you specify the other locations for the lines that they appear blue as well before selecting the location.

Select a location to the right of the previous location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Select the three point arc icon in the bottom toolbar.This icon will allow you to specify a location for the arc to pass through and an ending location for the arc. The arc will begin at the last location specified which is the endpoint of the line. Select up and to the right of the previous location. This specifies the location that the arc should pass through. The next point specifies the endpoint of the arc. Select down and to the right of the previous location. This location should be straight across from the start of the arc. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below. Notice how the three point arc icon in the bottom toolbar automatically turned off and the line icon turned on.

Select to the right of the previous location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select below the previous location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Select to the left of the previous location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select above the previous location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select to the left of the previous location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the three point arc icon in the bottom toolbar.This icon will allow you to specify a location for the arc to pass through and an ending location for the arc. The arc will begin at the last location specified which is the endpoint of the line. Select up and to the left of the previous location. This specifies the location that the arc should pass through. The next point specifies the endpoint of the arc. www.cadfamily.com The document is for study only,if any tort to your rights,Please inform us,we will delete it Contact:cadserv21@hotmail.com Profiles, Page 72Wichita State University

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Select down and to the left of the previous location. This location should be straight across from the start of the arc. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below. Notice how the three point arc icon in the bottom toolbar automatically turned off and the line icon turned on.

Select to the left of the previous location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select below the previous location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Select the origin point of the sketch again. The profile should appear similar to the diagram shown below and exit the profile icon.

CATIA V5R6

If you desire you can save your document and call it profile2 with your initials. Save the document and close it.

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You will now perform a sketch of a part using the tangent arc icon in the bottom toolbar during the sketch. This icon allows you to define an arc tangent to the last line while using the profile icon. The third profile you are going to build looks like the one shown below.

Start a new part and go into the Sketcher with the yz plane. Select the profile icon. It should be highlighted.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This specifies the starting point for your profile. Select to the right of the origin. If the line appeared blue before you selected the second location then it should appear with the horizontal constraint. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the tangent arc icon in the bottom toolbar.This icon will allow you to specify an endpoint for an arc starting at the last location. It will automatically put a tangency constraint on your profile at the initial point.

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Select up and to the right of the previous location. This specifies the endpoint of the arc. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select up and to the right of the previous location. It should look similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the tangent arc icon in the bottom toolbar.This icon will allow you to specify an endpoint for an arc starting at the last location. It will automatically put a tangency constraint on your profile at the initial point. Select up and to the left of the previous location. This specifies the endpoint of the arc. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Select to the left of the previous location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the tangent arc icon in the bottom toolbar.This icon will allow you to specify an endpoint for an arc starting at the last location. It will automatically put a tangency constraint on your profile at the initial point. Select down and to the left of the previous location. This specifies the endpoint of the arc. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Select down and to the right of the previous location. It should look similar to the diagram shown below.

CATIA V5R6

Select the tangent arc icon in the bottom toolbar.This icon will allow you to specify an endpoint for an arc starting at the last location. It will automatically put a tangency constraint on your profile at the initial point. Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This specifies the endpoint of the arc. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

If you desire you can save your document and call it profile3 with your initials. Save the document and close it.

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CATIA V5R6

You can also create tangent arcs using the mouse instead of using the tangent arc icon in the bottom toolbar. In order to create an arc instead of a line you need to press and hold the left mouse button down and drag the mouse in the general shape of the arc. Then you can select the endpoint of the arc. The following steps will walk you through the steps necessary to perform this operation, however you may need to see it done in order to really understand how it works. You will generate the same profile you created in the previous exercise except you will use the mouse to generate the arcs instead of the tangent arc icon. The final sketch should look similar to the one shown below.

Start a new part and go into the Sketcher with the yz plane. Select the profile icon. It should be highlighted.

Select the origin point of the sketch plane. This specifies the starting point for your profile. Press and hold the left mouse button at a location to the right of the origin. This specifies the endpoint of the line. You need to continue holding the left mouse button down in order to specify the tangent arc which will begin at this location. While holding down the left mouse button drag your mouse in the direction that you want the arc to follow. Select a location up and to the right of the previous location. This will specify the endpoint of the arc. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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You can continue this process to complete the sketch. You will probably need to practice this sketch a few times using this option in order to become proficient. It is a much quicker method of creating tangent arcs then using the icon in the bottom toolbar. Finish sketching the part using the drag option for the tangent arcs. It should appear similar to the one shown below.

There is no need to save this sketch since it is similar to the previous one.

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Now that you have tried the various options with the profile icon you are ready to sketch some practice sketches. Try sketching the following sketches and save them as profile4, profile5 and profile6 respectively. Sketch the profile shown below and save as profile4 with your initials.

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Sketch the profile shown below and save as profile5 with your initials.

CATIA V5R6

Sketch the profile shown below and save as profile6 with your initials.

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Constraints

CATIA V5R6

Constraints are similar to dimensions and they allow you to force your sketch to be an exact shape. Sketches without constraints generally are not accurate enough for your design and therefore it is necessary to put constraints on your sketch to make it an exact size. There are many types of constraints and most are listed below. Dimensional Constraints Distance Length Angle Radius/Diameter Semimajor axis Semiminor axis distance between two elements length of an element angle between two elements radius or diameter of a circle or arc semimajor axis of an ellipse semiminor axis of an ellipse

Geometrical Constraints Symmetry Midpoint symmetric about an axis or line forces an element to be located at the midpoint of another element forces three points to be equidistant from each other positions an element so it will not move aligns one element with another makes a circle or arc positioned concentric to another circle or arc makes an element tangent to another element forces a line to be parallel to another line forces a line to be perpendicular to another line makes a line be positioned horizontally

Equidistant point Fix Coincidence Concentricity

Tangency Parallelism Perpendicularity Horizontality

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When defining constraints on your sketch the color of the elements of the sketch will change color depending on the status of the element. The table below shows the default colors and the corresponding status. Color White Green Purple Black Red Status Not constrained Perfectly constrained Over constrained Unresolved constraint Invalid geometry

There are a few icons that allow you to generate constraints. Those icons are shown below. Constraint by dialog icon allows you to define constraints by selecting them from a window. Most commonly used constraint icon to define basic constraints on elements and between elements. Allows the computer to automatically put constraints on your sketch. Sometimes this is useful to get a start on the constraints. Allows for the animation of constraints. This is useful to see how the sketch would change based on a constraint varying in size. Normally, the goal is to perfectly constrain your sketch so that it is completely defined according to your specifications. Therefore you normally want your sketch to appear green when leaving the Sketcher to go to Part Design. The first thing you need to remember is that sometimes when you built your sketch constraints were automatically generated. This was caused by two icons located in the bottom toolbar. One is for geometrical constraints and the other is for dimensional constraints.

Geometrical constraints Dimensional constraints By default these two icons are selected. You should have seen some of the geometrical and dimensional constraints generated in your previous exercises. In the following exercises you will sketch the shape shown and then the steps will walk you through constraining the sketch. www.cadfamily.com The document is for study only,if any tort to your rights,Please inform us,we will delete it Contact:cadserv21@hotmail.com Constraints, Page 84Wichita State University

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Sketch the profile shown below and save as constraint1 with your initials. You should make sure that the coincidence constraint appears in blue when defining the origin point of your sketch. That constraint will not appear after creating the sketch it is implied.

Notice some constraints were automatically generated. You will now put additional constraints on your profile to make it perfectly constrained. Select the constraint icon. This will allow you to define a constraint.

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Select the bottom horizontal line and locate the constraint below the line. A length constraint should appear underneath the horizontal line. The value that appears for you may not be the same as shown below.

You can use the constraint icon for almost all of the dimensional constraints. You will now use it to generate a constraint between two elements. Select the constraint icon. This will allow you to define a constraint.

Select the horizontal line above the bottom one. This defines the first element. You will now define the second element to create a distance constraint between the two elements.

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Select the horizontal line above the previous one and position the constraint to the right. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below except the value may be different.

You can also use the constraint icon to put some geometric constraints on elements. You will now use the constraint icon to make the angled line have the horizontal constraint. Select the constraint icon. This will allow you to define a constraint.

Select the angled line. A constraint will appear but instead of positioning the constraint at a location you will now press the right mouse button on the constraint.

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Press the right mouse button while on the constraint. Various options appear in a window as shown below.

CATIA V5R6

Select the Horizontal option. This puts the horizontal constraint on the element. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

You will learn more about the other options that appear in the window later. Since it is not always convenient to have to press the constraint icon each time you want to generate a constraint, there is a way to make it active for multiple constraints. To do this you have to double click on the icon using the left mouse button. This will keep the icon activated until it is turned off. You will do that and then finish constraining your sketch. www.cadfamily.com The document is for study only,if any tort to your rights,Please inform us,we will delete it Contact:cadserv21@hotmail.com Constraints, Page 88Wichita State University

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Double click on the constraint icon with the left mouse button. icon for multiple uses.

CATIA V5R6

This activates the

Select the bottom right vertical line and position the constraint to the right. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below but it may have a different value.

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Select bottom horizontal line and then the horizontal line above the 1.5 line and position it to the right. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below but it may have a different value.

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Select the bottom horizontal line and then the top horizontal line and position it to the right. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below but it may have a different value.

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Put the horizontal and vertical constraints on all of the elements that do not already have them by selecting the element and then right clicking the constraint and choosing Horizontal or Vertical. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

You will now put a coincidence constraint on two elements while the constraint icon is still active. Select the vertical line between the base and the shelf. This selects the first element, but instead of positioning a constraint you will now select a second element. Select the vertical line between the shelf and the top of the sketch. This selects the second element. Now, you will right click on the constraint and choose the Coincidence option. www.cadfamily.com The document is for study only,if any tort to your rights,Please inform us,we will delete it Contact:cadserv21@hotmail.com Constraints, Page 92Wichita State University

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Press the right mouse button while on the constraint. Various options appear in a window as shown below.

CATIA V5R6

Select the Coincidence option. This makes the two elements coincident with one another, meaning that they line up with one another. Your sketch should now appear similar to the one shown below but it may have different values.

Notice the part is almost perfectly constrained (green color). You will now finish www.cadfamily.comconstraining the sketch while the constraint icon is still active. The document is for study only,if any tort to your rights,Please inform us,we will delete it Contact:cadserv21@hotmail.com Constraints, Page 93 Wichita State
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Select the left most vertical line and then the next top vertical line and position the constraint above the sketch. This constrains the location of both of the coincident lines due to the coincidence constraint. All that is left is the vertical line of the shelf. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below but it may have different values.

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Select the left most vertical line and the vertical line at the end of the shelf and position the constraint above the sketch. This will put the final constraint on your sketch and it should appear all in green. It should also look similar to the diagram shown below but may have different values.

You will now modify the values of your constraints to force your sketch to be a specific size. You can change the values of the constraints any time after they are created, you do not have to perfectly constrain your part ahead of time. The first thing you have to do is to deactivate the constraint icon.

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Select the constraint icon to turn it off.The icon should no longer appear highlighted. As you experienced, it is much faster to constrain a sketch by forcing the constraint icon to stay active by double clicking on it instead of having to select it each time. To change the values of the constraints all you have to do is double click on the value and then key in a new value. You can move the position of the constraint as well by selecting the constraint and holding down the left mouse button you can drag the constraint to a new position. If you want to relocate just the value then you can hold down the left mouse button on the value, however, if you want to relocate the value along with the constraint arrows then you must hold down the left mouse button on the arrow lines. Double click on the constraint representing the total height of the sketch. A window appears as shown below but it may have a different initial value.

Change the value to 7.00 and press OK. Notice that the sketch automatically changed so that the height is now seven inches. You will continue to change values until all of the constraints are set to their proper values.

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Change all of the constraints to the values shown below. The sketch should look just like the one shown below.

Save your document.

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Normally you do not have to put all of the horizontal and vertical constraints on your sketch to make it perfectly constrained. When you put a distance constraint between one element and another it is assumed that the two elements are parallel to each other. Remember those constraint option windows that appeared when right clicking the constraint.

These allow you to specify various constraints using the constraint icon that you normally could not define. Most of the options are the same as the options that were described before. However there are a few new options that you need to be aware of in order to effectively use this icon. Reference This creates a reference dimension that is shown only to let you know the value. You can not change the value of a reference dimension, it only reflects the actual value of the dimension. Therefore if you put constraints on your sketch that changes that dimension it will be reflected in the value.

Notice that a reference dimension has parentheses around the value.

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Horizontal Measure Direction

CATIA V5R6

Puts the distance or length constraint to measure horizontally instead of the default orientation. Puts the distance or length constraint to measure vertically instead of the default orientation.

Vertical Measure Direction

Default

Horizontal

Vertical

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Swap Location

CATIA V5R6

This swaps the constraint to go to the other side of the element. Sometimes when you sketch you may get a line to the wrong side with respect to another and when you constrain it, you can not give it a negative value in order for it to switch sides. This is a good option to use in that circumstance, however, you can also just drag an element over using the left mouse button. After:

Before:

Allow symmetry line This allows you to define a symmetry line after selecting two elements that you want to be symmetric to each other. After selecting the two elements, use your third mouse button to activate the menu, select Allow symmetry line and then select the symmetry line.

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For the rest of the constraint exercises the initial sketch will be provided for you to make it easier for you to concentrate on the actual constraints. Open the constraint2 document and save with your initials. This will open the part called constraint2. In order to work with the sketch you will need to go to the Sketcher and choose the sketch from the specification tree.

Select the Sketcher icon and then select the Sketch from the specification tree. This takes you into the sketch and then you can start adding constraints. A diagram of the sketch is shown below.

Notice that the bottom horizontal line is already constrained. You will now be constraining this sketch to look like the following diagram.

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Double click on the constraint icon with the left mouse button. the constraint icon to be used more than once.

CATIA V5R6

This will activate

Select the bottom horizontal line and position the constraint below the line. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the bottom horizontal line and the bottom right angled line and position the constraint to the right. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Select the bottom horizontal line and the bottom left angled line and position the constraint to the left. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the left curve and the bottom left angled line. This will make a constraint but you are going to press the right mouse button to choose the Tangency option. Press the right mouse button while on the constraint. A window should appear with constraint options.

Select the Tangency option. This will force the line and the curve to be tangent to one another.

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Select the left curve and position the constraint to the left. This puts a radius constraint on your curve. Select the right curve and position the constraint to the right. This puts a radius constraint on your curve. It should look similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the bottom left angled line and then the top left angled line. Press the right mouse button while on the constraint. A window should appear with constraint options.

Select the Allow symmetry line option. This will allow you to define a symmetry line. Select the dashed line. This will put a symmetry constraint on the two angled lines using the dashed line as a symmetry line. It is important to select the symmetry line last. Also, it should be noted that this symmetry line is a construction line not a standard line and therefore will not show up in Part Design. You will learn more about construction elements later in this course.

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Select the bottom horizontal line and then the top line. Press the right mouse button while on the constraint and select the Allow symmetry line option. This will allow you to define a symmetry line. Select the dashed line. This puts the symmetry constraint on the two lines using the dashed line as the symmetry line. Select the bottom right angled line and then the top right angled line. Press the right mouse button while on the constraint and select the Allow symmetry line option. This will allow you to define a symmetry line.

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Select the dashed line. This puts the symmetry constraint on the two lines using the dashed line as the symmetry line. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the bottom horizontal line and the dashed line and position the constraint to the right. This puts a distance constraint between the two elements. It should look similar to the diagram shown below.

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The external profile should all be green now because it is perfectly constrained. However you still need to constrain the circles. Select the left circle and position the constraint up and to the left. This puts a diameter constraint on your circle. Select the right circle and position the constraint up and to the right. This puts a diameter constraint on your circle. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

You will now put a concentric constraint between the circles and the curves. Select the circle on the left and the curve on the left and then press the right mouse button while on the constraint. A window should appear showing you some constraint options.

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Select the Concentricity option. This forces the circle to be concentric with the curve. Meaning that they have the same center point location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

You will now repeat the same procedure to put the concentric constraint on the other circle and curve. Select the circle on the right and the curve on the right and then press the right mouse button while on the constraint. The window should appear again. Select the Concentricity option. This forces the circle to be concentric with the curve. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Now the entire sketch is perfectly constrained. You will now change the values to match those shown below. Change the values of the constraints to match the diagram shown below. Remember you have to exit the constraint icon by selecting it. Then you just have to double click on a value and a window will appear. After you change the value press the Enter key or select OK.

Save your document.

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Open the constraint3 document and save with your initials. This will open the part called constraint3. In order to work with the sketch you will need to go to the Sketcher and choose the sketch from the specification tree.

Select the Sketcher icon and then select the Sketch from the specification tree. This takes you into the sketch and then you can start adding constraints. A diagram of the sketch is shown below.

You will now be constraining this sketch to look like the following diagram.

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Double click on the constraint icon with the left mouse button. the constraint icon to be used more than once.

CATIA V5R6

This will activate

Select the bottom horizontal line and position the constraint below the line. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the left vertical line and position the constraint to the left of the line. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Select the top horizontal line and position the constraint above the line. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the left angled line and position the constraint below and to the left of the angled line. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

You are now going to exit the constraint icon and change the values of the constraints. You will then finish constraining the sketch using the constraint by dialog icon. www.cadfamily.com The document is for study only,if any tort to your rights,Please inform us,we will delete it Contact:cadserv21@hotmail.com Constraints, Page 112Wichita State University

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Change the values of the constraints to match the diagram shown below. Remember you have to exit the constraint icon by selecting it. Then you just have to double click on a value and a window will appear. After you change the value press the Enter key or select OK.

You are going to the use the constraint by dialog icon to finish putting the constraints on your sketch. However, it is important to remember that you could just use the regular constraint icon to finish the constraints. In order to select two elements at the same time you must press and hold the Ctrl key when selecting the second element. Select the bottom horizontal line. It highlights letting you know that it has been selected. Press and hold the Ctrl key while selecting the horizontal line above the previous line. This allows you to select a second element while keeping the first element highlighted. Select the constraint by dialog icon. This opens a Constraint Definition window.

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Using that window you can specify which constraint or constraints you would like to put using the elements that you currently have selected. Select the Distance option. A check should appear in the Distance box. Select OK. A distance constraint should appear between the two elements. Press and hold the left mouse button while on the constraint and drag it above the top line. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

It is important to note that double clicking the constraint by dialog icon will not keep the icon active for multiple uses since you must select the element or elements before selecting the icon. Select the left angled line. It highlights letting you know that it has been selected. Press and hold the Ctrl key while selecting the bottom end line. This allows you to select a second element while keeping the first element highlighted. Select the constraint by dialog icon. This opens a Constraint Definition window.

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Select the Perpendicularity option and select OK. This generates the perpendicular constraint between those two elements. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the left angled line. It highlights letting you know that it has been selected. Press and hold the Ctrl key while selecting the right angled line above the previous line. This allows you to select a second element while keeping the first element highlighted. Select the constraint by dialog icon. This opens a Constraint Definition window.

Select the Parallelism option and select OK. This generates the parallel constraint between the two elements. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Select the end line. This is the line at the end of the two angled lines. Select the constraint by dialog icon.

CATIA V5R6

This opens a Constraint Definition window.

Select the Length option and select OK. This will generate a length constraint. Press and hold the left mouse button on the new constraints arrow and drag it down and to the right. By selecting the arrow you can move the entire constraint down and to the right, however, if you press and hold the left mouse button on the value then it would only move the value. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the right angled line. It highlights letting you know that it has been selected. Press and hold the Ctrl key while selecting the connecting horizontal line. This allows you to select a second element while keeping the first element highlighted. Select the constraint by dialog icon. This opens a Constraint Definition window.

Select the Angle option and select OK. This generates an angle constraint between the two elements.

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Press and hold the left mouse button while on the angle constraint and drag it to the right of the angled line. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Change the values of the constraints to match the diagram shown below. You have to double click on a value and a window will appear. After you change the value press the Enter key or select OK.

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Up to now you have used the constraint and the constraint by dialog icons to generate constraints. Next you will learn how the auto constraint icon and the animate constraint icon works. Open the constraint4 document and save with your initials. This will open the part called constraint4. In order to work with the sketch you will need to go to the Sketcher and choose the sketch from the specification tree.

Select the Sketcher icon and then select the Sketch from the specification tree. This takes you into the sketch and then you can start adding constraints. There are two profiles in this sketch and you will try the auto constraint icon on both profiles. Using the left mouse button box in the first profile shown below. Press and hold the left mouse button while being up and to the left of the first profile and drag a box around the profile. This will select all of the elements in the box.

You can either select the elements before choosing the auto constraint icon or after you select the auto constraint icon. In this case you selected the elements before selecting the icon. Select the auto constraint icon. shown below.

This will open up an auto constraint window as

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Elements to be constrained Reference elements specifies what elements are to be constrained

CATIA V5R6

allows you to specify an element or elements to use as a reference for its constraints allows you to specify the center lines it should use when assigning symmetry constraints if you specified a reference element then this will determine if you want the constraints to be defined one at the end of another (Chained) or if you want all constraints to be defined from the reference element (Stacked)

Symmetry lines

Constraint Mode

Select OK. Since this sketch does not have any symmetry lines and it is referenced by the origin location there is not a need to set any of the other options. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

You are now going to use the auto constraint icon to constrain the other profile within this sketch.

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Using the left mouse button box in the second profile shown below. Press and hold the left mouse button while being up and to the left of the second profile and drag a box around the profile. This will select all of the elements in the box.

Select the auto constraint icon. shown below.

This will open up an auto constraint window as

Select OK. Constraints appear on the profile, however it is not perfectly constrained since it is not referenced to any location. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

You will now undo the these constraints and you will try using the auto constraint icon using reference elements. Select the undo icon in the bottom toolbar.All of the constraints should disappear and the profile should appear highlighted. If they do not disappear, keep selecting the undo icon until they disappear. If the profile does not appear highlighted then select the profile like you did earlier. www.cadfamily.com The document is for study only,if any tort to your rights,Please inform us,we will delete it Contact:cadserv21@hotmail.com Constraints, Page 120Wichita State University

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Select the auto constraint icon. shown below.

CATIA V5R6

This will open up an auto constraint window as

Select in the box for Reference elements. You need to select on the area where it says No Selection in front of the label Reference elements. Select the vertical line and horizontal line from the other profile that are at the origin. This makes those two elements the reference elements for the constraints. The window should now appear as shown below.

You have two options on the Constraint Mode, either Chained or Stacked. This exercise will have you choose the Stacked option, however both diagrams are shown for your reference. You may want to try one and then undo it and try the other option. Select the Stacked option for the Constraint Mode. You have to select the down arrow to access the drop down list and then select the Stacked option.

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Select OK. Constraints appear on the profile. Notice how all of the constraints originate from the reference elements. If you use the Chained option then the first constraints originate from the reference elements but the other constraints originate at the ends of the previous constraints. Both diagrams are shown below for your comparison.

Stacked

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You will now try using the animate constraint icon on a constrained sketch. You can use this icon at any time to see how your sketch changes as the value of a constraint varies. In this exercise you will try using this icon on a perfectly constrained sketch. Open the constraint5 document and save with your initials. This will open the part called constraint5. In order to work with the sketch you will need to go to the Sketcher and choose the sketch from the specification tree.

Select the Sketcher icon and then select the Sketch from the specification tree. This takes you into the sketch and it should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

You will now use the animate constraint icon on a couple of the constraints. Select the animate constraint icon.This icon allows you to select a constraint and animate what happens as this constraint changes values.

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Select the 1 inch radius constraint in the upper left of the sketch. An Animate Constraint window appears.

CATIA V5R6

First value Last value Number of steps

the starting value for the animation the ending value for the animation determines the number of steps shown as the value varies between the first value and the last value

Actions plays the animation backwards pauses the animation stops the animation plays the animation forwards Options plays the animation once from start to finish plays the animation from start to finish and then back to the start continuously loops the animation forwards and backwards repeats the animation always showing it from start to finish Hide constraints hides the constraints so all you see animating is the geometry

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Change the First value to be .5, the Last value to be 2, and the Number of steps to be 20. You are now ready to see the animation. Select the one way iconunder Options and then select the forward iconunder Actions. Notice how the sketch changes shape as the constraint varies from its starting value to its ending value.

Select the Hide constraints button and then select the forward iconagain. Notice how all of the constraints are not seen anymore. This option only shows the actual geometry of the sketch. Select the round trip iconunder Options and then select the forward icon under Actions. This time the animation plays from start to finish and then returns back to the start.

Select the loop iconunder Options and then select the forward iconunder Actions. This time the animation plays from start to finish and then returns back to the start over and over again.

Select the stop icon

under Actions. This stops the animation. under

Select the repeat iconunder Options and then select the forward icon Actions. This time the animation plays from start to finish over and over again. Select the stop icon under Actions. This stops the animation.

Select Cancel. Your sketch returns to the original shape and the constraints appear again. You should practice animating other constraints using the animate constraint icon.

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Modifications to profiles

CATIA V5R6

This involves modifying the geometry of your sketch to generate the desired profile. The options include cornering, chamfering, trimming and breaking geometry. If we have the geometrical and dimensional constraint options selected in the bottom toolbar then some constraints may automatically be generated when performing these options. Corner There are three new icons that appear on the bottom toolbar when you are in the corner option. trims both elements back to the corner trims the first element selected back to the corner generates the corner without trimming the elements Open the corner document and save with your initials. This will open the part called corner. In order to work with the sketch you will need to go to the Sketcher and choose the sketch from the specification tree.

Select the Sketcher icon and then select the Sketch from the specification tree. This takes you into the sketch and it should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Select the corner icon. bottom toolbar.

CATIA V5R6

This activates the option and three new icons appear on the

Make sure that the trim all iconis selected on the bottom toolbar. This is normally the default choice. This exercise is only going to cover this option since it is the one most commonly used. It is suggested that you try out the other options on your own in order to make sure you understand their operation. Select the left vertical line and the top horizontal line. This specifies the two elements that you wish to generate a corner between. You now have to arbitrarily locate your corner which will determine its initial size. Select somewhere inside the corner. The corner should appear with tangency constraints generated on the two line and a radius constraint generated on the corner. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

You can change the value of the corner the same way you changed the value of constraints previously. Change the radius value to be .5 inches. The corner changes size. Undo the creation of the corner to get back your original sketch. You are now going to generate radius corners at all intersection of your sketch with a specified value. www.cadfamily.com The document is for study only,if any tort to your rights,Please inform us,we will delete it Contact:cadserv21@hotmail.com Modifications to profiles, Page 127 Wichita State
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Select all of the sketch. You can do this by pressing and holding the left mouse button up and to the left of the profile and then dragging the mouse down to the lower right, boxing in the entire profile. Select the corner icon.

A radius text box appears on the bottom toolbar.

Enter a value of .5 in the Radius box and press Enter. Corners appear at every intersection at a value of 0.5. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Notice that most of the .5 constraints have a f(x) symbol next to it. This means that a formula has been applied to determine that constraint. In this case one of the corner constraints is specified and then all of the other ones are set to be equal to that one. If you were to change that one value then all of the other values would change because of the formulas. In the diagram shown above the upper left constraint is the driving constraint. Change the value of the driving constraint to be 0.75. This is the constraint that does not have a f(x) symbol next to it. Notice that all of the constraints change to that value. You will learn more about formulas later in this course. Save your document.

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Chamfer

CATIA V5R6

There are three new icons that appear on the bottom toolbar when you are in the chamfer option. trims both elements back to the chamfer trims the first element selected back to the chamfer generates the chamfer without trimming the elements After choosing one of those icons and selecting the elements that you want to use to chamfer, three more icons appear. These determine what type of information you can enter and what is generated when the chamfer is created. hypotenuse and an angle two lengths one length and an angle Open the chamfer document and save with your initials. This will open the part called chamfer. In order to work with the sketch you will need to go to the Sketcher and choose the sketch from the specification tree.

Select the Sketcher icon and then select the Sketch from the specification tree. This takes you into the sketch and it should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Select the chamfer icon. bottom toolbar.

CATIA V5R6

This activates the option and three new icons appear on the

Make sure that the trim all iconis selected on the bottom toolbar. This is normally the default choice. This exercise is only going to cover this option since it is the one most commonly used. It is suggested that you try out the other options on your own in order to make sure you understand their operation. Select the left vertical line and the top left horizontal line. This specifies the two elements that you wish to generate a chamfer between. You can now arbitrarily locate your chamfer which will determine its initial size. Select the one length and an angle icon.This will generate a length from the sharp corner back to the beginning of the chamfer along the first element selected and the angle is the angle of the chamfer. Select somewhere inside the corner. The chamfer should appear with a length constraint and an angle constraint generated. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Change the value of the length and angle to .5 and 30 respectively. Notice the chamfer changes size and angle. Luckily the 1.5 and 2.5 constraints were generated as distance constraints between two lines instead of length constraints. If they were generated as length constraints then a window would appear telling you that they would be converted to distance constraints because the chamfer will change the length of those lines.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Select the chamfer icon. bottom toolbar. Make sure that the trim all icon the default choice.

CATIA V5R6

This activates the option and three new icons appear on the

is selected on the bottom toolbar. This is normally

Select the right vertical line and the top right horizontal line. This specifies the two elements that you wish to generate a chamfer between. You can now arbitrarily locate your chamfer which will determine its initial size. Select the one length and an angle icon.This will generate a length from the sharp corner back to the beginning of the chamfer along the first element selected and the angle is the angle of the chamfer. Select somewhere inside the corner. The chamfer should appear with a length constraint and an angle constraint generated. Change the value of the length and angle to .5 and 30 respectively. The final sketch should appear similar to the one shown below.

Save your document.

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Trim and Break There are four icons that can be used to trim or break elements in the sketcher.

CATIA V5R6

trims both elements back to the intersection or just trims a single element back to the intersection trims both elements trims only the first element breaks an element at an intersection or at an arbitrary location quickly trims elements, there are three sub-options to this icon which determine how it works trims the element back to the nearest intersections, getting rid of the side you select trims the element back to the nearest intersections, keeping the side you select breaks the element at the nearest intersections closes a partial circle back to a full circle Open the trim document and save with your initials. This will open the part called trim. In order to work with the sketch you will need to go to the Sketcher and choose the sketch from the specification tree.

Select the Sketcher icon and then select the Sketch from the specification tree. This takes you into the sketch and it should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

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Select the quick trim icon. The icon becomes activated.

CATIA V5R6

Select the break and rubber in icon.This will allow you to break an element and trim it to the nearest intersections getting rid of the portion you select. Select the top horizontal line inside the circle. The line breaks at each intersection of the circle and is removed from the inside of the circle. Select the quick trim icon. The icon becomes activated.

Select the break and rubber in icon.This will allow you to break an element and trim it to the nearest intersections getting rid of the portion you select. Select the bottom horizontal line inside the circle. The line breaks at each intersection of the circle and is removed from the inside of the circle. It should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Select the break icon.

This will allow you break an element in to two pieces.

Select the circle and then the top left horizontal line. The circle breaks at the intersection of the line. A circle in CATIA has a natural break in order for the circle to have ends. Therefore it is not necessary to break a circle more than once to get two pieces. Notice that coincident constraints appeared on the broken elements automatically. Now that the circle is broken you can trim the two pieces to the appropriate intersections. Double click on the trim icon. on the bottom toolbar. This activates the option and four new icons appear

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CATIA V5R6

Select the top right horizontal line and the top right portion of the circle. The circle should trim up to the intersection. Select the bottom right horizontal line and the bottom right portion of the circle. The circle should trim down to the intersection. Select the bottom left horizontal line and the bottom left portion of the circle. The circle should trim down to the intersection. The sketch should appear similar to the diagram shown below.

Sometimes it can be confusing seeing the curve between the lines but it appears only to show the coincidence between the two circles.

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CATIA V5R6

Now that you have gone through most of the constraint options you are ready to constrain some sketches for practice. Save the constrained sketches as constraint6, constraint7 and constraint8 respectively. Open the constraint6 document and go to the sketch and constrain the sketch to appear like the diagram shown below. You will want to generate the four corners using the corner option first and then constrain the circles concentric to the corners.

Open the constraint7 document and go to the sketch and constrain the sketch to appear like the diagram shown below.

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CATIA V5R6

Open the constraint8 document and go to the sketch and constrain the sketch to appear like the diagram shown below.

This ends the basic Sketcher section and you are now ready to start producing parts using the Part Design workbench. From now on it is assumed that you know how to use the various options that were covered in this section. If at any time you get stuck please refer back to this section.

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CATIA Part Design & Sketcher


Hide/Show

CATIA V5R6

This small exercise is to cover the steps necessary to hide and show geometry, whether it be sketcher geometry or part design geometry. Open the hide show document and go to the sketch. You will now hide and show some geometry. Select the hide/show icon. This will allow you hide some of your geometry.

Select the circle. The circle disappears but it is not deleted. Select all four edges of the window on the right. You can do this by selecting up and to the left of the window and dragging the cursor over the entire window using the first mouse button. Select the hide/show icon.

All four lines disappear but they are not deleted.

Select the swap visible space icon.Notice your background changes color and the only geometry you see is the circle and the window that you hid earlier. You have just switched to the hidden side of your part. Select the hide/show icon. Select the circle. The circle disappears and returns to the visible or show side of your part. Select all four lines and then select the hide/show icon. lines to the visible side of your part. Select the swap visible space icon. should see all of your geometry. This will return the four

This returns you to the visible side and you

The procedure for hiding or showing geometry is always the same whether it is using sketch geometry or part design geometry. There will be times when you are going to want to hide some of your geometry because it starts cluttering up your display and you are not ready to delete it or you cannot delete it because it is associated with other geometry. Save your document.

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