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Biology
Paper 1
September
2012
2 %hours
MAJLIS PENGETUA SEKOLAH MALAYSIA
CAWANGAN MELAKA
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN TINGKA TAN ENAM
TAHUN2012
BIOLOGY
Paper 1
One hour and forty-five minutes
DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION PAPER UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO
1. There are fifty questions in this paper.
2. For each question, four suggested answer are given. Choose one correct answer and
indicate it on the multiple-choice answer sheet.
3. Read the instruction on the multiple-choice answer sheet carefully.
4. Answer all questions. Marks will not be deducted for wrong answer.
This question paper consists of22 printed pages.
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2
1 The diagram below shows the structure of a biological molecule. P represents a
phosphate group. What is the name of this molecule?
CH2COOC11H3s
I
CHCOOC1sHJI
I
CH20- (;)
......__.....
A phospholipid
B glycerate 3-phosphate
C NADP
D Triose phosphate
2 Which of the following properties of water are essential for the functions of blood
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plasma?
I universal solvent
II high specific heat capacity
III highest density at 4°C
IV low viscosity
V high surface tension
A I, II and III
B I, II and IV
C I, II, III and IV
D II, IV and V
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3
3 The diagram below shows the movement of three substances P, Q and R into a cell
through the cell surface membrane.
What are P, Q and R?
A
B
c
D
p
ethanol
Carbon dioxide
acetone
HC03.
p Q R
Q
R
oxygen Amino acid
acetone Amino acid
glucose Oxygen .
oxygen glucose
4 Which of the following are not correctly matched?
Organelle Function
I
B
Help in the synthesis of protein
;
To process and to pack protein for secretion

.
. . ..
II
.. .

As site for cyclic and non-cyclic
photophosphorylation
III

To produce secretory vesicle
._, .


IV
A. I and II B. I and III C. I and IV D. III and IV
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5 Which of the following are the special features of the scanning microscope but not of the
transmission electron microscope?
I. An electron beam is used.
II. A two-dimensional view image is produced.
III. The specimen is coated with' a thin layer of metal.
IV. A narrow electron beam is used to illuniinate the surface of the specimen.
A. II only B. III only C. III and IV D. I, III and IV
6 The graph below is a plot of 1._ against 1._ for
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V [S]
(i) hydrolysis of penicillin by the enzyme periicillinase
(ii) with an inhibitor
. .
~ - . ~ '
ii) Reaction with inhibitor X
.1...
[$)
Which of the following statements is true?
A inhibitor X is a competitive inhibitor, V max increases
i) Reaction without
inhibitor
B inhibitor X is a competitive inhibitor, V max decreases
C inhibitor X is a non-competitive inhibitor, V max is unchanged
1J inhibitor X is a non-competitive inhibitor, V max decreases
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I ·I J l
I .. 1 ·.
c G A A G c
7 The diagram above shows part of one DNA strand. Which of the folloWing would be
produced by this strand and its complementary, strand after semi-conservative replication?
A I I · 1· l l I . B I . I ,: l . + ; l · I .
C G A A G C C G A A ' ( ~ C
G cu·u·c G G CT ·tc· G
I I I I I I I I l !. · . . I . ~ I
C I l I ~ I I I
G G A · ~ G C
G C T T C G
I 1· J I · I I.
I' t · I I I l
CGAAG<;
GCTTCG
I. r .f. I . I I .
G G T<1' td! G·
·.1 I 1 ' j .J I
Dl 1·1 I I I
CGAAGC
G C U U C. G
I I. I I . 1 I
r 1. t l· r r '
c: G A .A <;1· c
G. CU UC. G
I I ( I I
8 Which of the following statements are true regarding c3 plants and c4 plants?
· ..
I The first C02 acceptor is ribulose bisphosphate for C3 plants and phosphoenol
pyruvate for c4 plants.
II The enzyme which catalyses the fixation of C02 in C3 plants is phosphoenol
pyruvate carboxylase.
III The first product formed from C0
2
fixation in C4 plants is glycerate 3-phosphate.
IV Photosynthesis process in C3 plants is less efficient than in C4 plants.
A. land IV B. II and IV C. II, III and IV D. I, III and IV
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9 The graph below shows the absorption spectra for different photosynthetic pigments.
The X-axis shows the wavelength of light and theY-axis shows the percentage of
light absorption.
,'' ...... Graph 1
. ,_ .,_ , ' ....... _ .· · Graph 2
. . · f\ 1 " :' , - .,... - Graph 3
a .... i ,Y, v/ l .. -.
,!! _··= ' \\ : ..
&! "Ci ,· .).J" • I • '
· · _rJ '\ \ \ ./X \
j; .. .\. - •• ..... ,. ,.: •• ., . •
..... ·· • •••· ;, .• '•
400 500 6"00 700
cfliglit (nm)
Which of the following combination is correct?
A
B
c
D··
Chlorophyll a
1
1
2
2
Absorption spectra
Chlorophyll b Carotenoids
2 3
3 2
1_ 3
3 1
10 Aecording to the chemiosmosis theory, A TP is synthesized when
A . electron is transferred from one carrier to another carrier
B. ·· proton is pumped from the mitochondrial matrix into the intermembrane space
C proton diffuses from intermembrane space into the mitochondrial matrix
D hydrogen atom reacts with oxygen molecule" to form water
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11 The diagram below shows the Krebs cycle
Pyruvate' .
!I
Acetyl coen;yme A .
. .
· Citrate ·
v( . \
Malate l$ocltrate
\ 1n
Fumarate a·Ketogfutarate
... /In
uc,..nate
What are the stages at which transfer of electrons toN AD+ occur?
A. I, II, IV and V B. I, II, III and V
C. I, II III, IV and V D. II and III
12 The statements below are regarding the nutrition of living organisms.
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W - photosynthetic bacteria synthesise organic food from carbon. dioxide and water
with the use of ljght energy which is absorbed by bacteriochlorophyll
X - chemosynthetic bacteria make use of energy obtained from the oxidation of
organic substance
Y - rabbits are holozoic heterotrophs
Z ..;.. bacteria and fungi decomposers are saprotrophs '
Which of the statements above are true?
A.WandX B. YandZ C. W, YandZ D. X, Y andZ
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13 The graph below shows the oxygen dissociation curve for haemoglobin.
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2 4 6 8 10 . 12
·Partial pressure :of0
2
/kPa
In which part of the mammalian body will haemoglobin experience the
. .
pereentage of oxygen saturation as at the points I, II and III?
A
B
c
D
Vena cava
I
I
II
III
Left ventricle Pulmonary vein
II III
III II
I III
I II
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14 The scheme e l o w illustrates the biochemical reactions for the transport of oxygen and
the release of carbon dioxide in lungs. What are the substances represented by P, Q, R, S, T and
U.?
A
B
c
D
p
Hb
HHb
HHb
HHb
Q R
HHb Hb02
Hb Hb02
Hb Hb02
Hb
Hb02
s T u
C02 H2C03
HC03.
C02 H2C03
HC03.
HC03.
H2C03
cr
C02 H2C03 H20
15 · Which of the following sequences is correct for the flow of impulse through the
structures listed below in the heart?
A Atrioventricl;llar node -+ Sinoatrial node -+His bundle -+ Purkinje tissue
B His bundle -+ Sinoatrial node -+ Purkinje tissue --.Atrioventricular node
C Sinoatrial node -+ His bundle --. Atrioventricular node -+ Purkinje tissue
D Sinoatrial node --. Atrioventricular node-+ His bundle -+ Purkinje tissue
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·16 to the cohesion-tension theory by which water moves up the xylem, cohesion-
and tension exist d:ue to
A
B
c
D
Cohesion
Hydrogen bonding between molecules
Turgor press'!ll'e .
Forces of attraction between water molecUles and xylem
walls
Van der waals force of attraction between water
molecules
Tension
transpiration
Root pressure
capillary
guttation
17 Study the diagram below. What causes the water potential higher in the two arms of the
loop of Henle?
-300 -100
Descending arm
Ascending ann
A Water diffuses out from ascending arm by osmosis
B Na +and cr are actively moved out of ascending arm
C Descending ann is permeable to dissolved solutes
D Ascending arm is permeable to water
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18 . Halophytes are plants that survive in salt marshes and estuarine mud. What are the
features that help these plants to conserve water?
A A large number of stomata
B Leaves have thick epidermis and ca.vered with fine hairs
C Root cells are able to absorb salt actively in order to lower the water potential
than surrounding water
D Variable leaf shapes to reduce surface area exposed for evaporation
19 The receptor sites for neurotransmitters are situated on the
A nodes ofRanvier
B presynaptic membrane
C postsynaptic membrane
D membrane of the synaptic vesicles
20 If the pump in the membrane.of a neuron is inactivated by a metabolic
poison such as cyanide, the resting potential across the membrane takes several hours to beco!l).e
zero. Why is there a delay?
A Potassium ions cannot diffuse across the membrane
B The membrane has a low permeability to sodium ions
C · The membrane has the same permeability to both sodium and potassiUm ions
D The membrane does not allow organic anions to diffuse out .
21 1broughout the pregnancy of a woman, ovulation is prevented because
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A there is continued production of progesterone by the corpus luteum and the
placenta
B the level of progesterone does not influence the ovarian follicles during pregnancy
C the corpus luteum deteriorates as luteinizing is not produced anymore
D of the suppression of the follicle stimulating hormone by a hormone produced by
the developing embryo
'
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I
22 The flowering hormone that is produced during photoperiodic stimulation is translocated
thioughotit the plant through the
A xylem
B cambium
C xylem and phloem
D phloem
. 23 ·. Among.the Jollowing types of cells, which causes rejection of tissues or organs
. · ..
transplanted from donors to recipients?
...
A Phagocytes
B
;B lyinpbocytes "
c . Erythrocytes
D T lymphocytes
24 Which of the following are the steps in the reproductive cycle oflllV?
I The formation of a provirus
II The transcription of viral DNA
III The removal of capsid proteins and the release of viral genomes
IV The formation of DNA catalysed by reverse transcriptase enzyme
A I, Ill, II, IV
B II, IV, I, III
C III, IV, I, II
D IV, II, III, I ·
25 Given that diploid state is represented by (D) while the haploid state is represented by
(H), which of the following sequence correctly describes the chromosome number in the
named plant Structures?
Polar nucleus Pollen grain Pollen nucleus Cell in the testa Cell in peri carp
A (D) (H) (H) (H) (H)
.B (D) (D) (D)" (D) (D)
c (H) (H) (H) (D) (D)
D (H) (D) (H) (H)
(D)
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l
1
t
l
26
27
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Diagram below shows the life cycle of Dryopteris.
• .,-r _.:._;;__ _::-_ · .. ·-'::·. · .. ' ............ . : .. .. ---..... · .. ·
·: ···:::
... . .. . . ·:.
: ;
·: . : . ..
:. :
'',• ·:
.. :
. .
. . -Sems .
..... l

.. l
.. . .
. . ....
. · ·
·T ··. ···:_··
.. :, : .:::·:.. . .. s .
' ' ' H ' H 'Jz ,, ,. H' .;
What do X, Y and Z represents?
X
y
z
A Gametophyte Sporophyte Meiosis
B Gametophyte Meiosis Sporophyte
c Sporophyte Meiosis Gametophyte
D Sporophyte Gametophyte Meiosis
Which of the following is incorrectly paired?
A Oestrogen- inhibits contraction of uterus
B Prolactin - stimulates lactation
C Progesteron- promotes _development of mammary glands during pregnancy
D Oxytoxin - stimulates rhythmic contraction of uterus during labour ·
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28 Table shows three types of germ layers and the tissues, organs, or systems which are
from it. Which of the combmations are correct?
Layers Organs or systems
(a) Endoderm
. . ,.
(I) Connective tis,sues, and endocrine systems
(II) Epid.ennal. and skin, nervous system
..... . ' '
(c) Ectoderm (III) Liver and pancreas, ep1thelium ·of alimentary canal
..
A (aXIl), (b)(l), (c)(III)
B (a){III), (b)(l), (c)(II)
. '.
C (a )(III), (b )(II), ( c )(I)
D (a)(l), (b)(ll), (c)(III)
29 The growth of an organ that is non-proportional to the whole body is called as
A limited growth
B intermittent growth
· C isometric growth
D allometric growth
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30 Diagram below shows the scheme of hormonal control in insects.
External stimulation
! .
Nenrositoty """' io blain



larva Pupa Adult
Different hormone
Which of the following identifies I, II, III and IV?
I II III IV
A prothoracic gland corpus allatum ecdysone hormone juvenile hormone
B corpus allatum prothoracic gland juvenile hormone ecdysone hormone
c prothoracic gland corpus allatum juvenile hormone ecdysone hormone
D corpus allatum prothoracic gland ecdysone hormone juvenile hormone
31 A cross between a pure breed black rabbit and a pure breed white rabbit gives rise to
black, white and grey rabbits with ratio 1: 1: 2 respectively in the Fl generation, the
alleles involved in the traits are probably
A linked B codominant
c lethal alleles D homozygous
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32 Drosophila flies with grey body and long wings_ were crossed with black body and
vestigial wings. The FI offspring obtained were as follows:
• Grey body, long wings : 522
• Grey body, vestigial wings; 98
• Black body, vestigial wings : 496
• Black body, long wings :104
W4at is the crossover value?
A 8% B 9%
c 17% D 20%
33 During fertilization of an ovum, non-disjunction of sex chromosome occurs. The ovum
was then fertilized by a sperm cell with normal Y. which one of the following shows the
sex chromosome complement of the resulting zygote?
A xo B XY
c XXY · D
X:XXY I
34 The diagram below shows a homologous chromosome pair. What type of chromosome
mutation haS occurred?
A translocation B deletion
c insertion D inversion
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35 Which following conditions must be met for a population to be in Hardy-Weinberg
equilibrium?
I L_arge population size
IJ. only at the beginning of breeding season
III No ovedapping of generations
IV MUtations occur at constant rates
A .. IIart4IV
B I and ill
C I arid II
D II, ill and IV
· 36 In a popuhttion which is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, 16% of the individuals show
the recessive trait. What is the frequency of the dominant allele in the population?
A 0.4 B 0.6
c 036 D 0.84
37 which of the following statements is not true about lactose operon?
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A the lactose operon hypothesis was proposed by Jacob and Monod
B this system is activated by the presence oflactose in the medium
c . a repressor molecule bound to the operator gene will prevent the transcription
of the structural genes
D this system consists of four parts which are regulator gene, promoter gene,
· terminator gene and three structural genes
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rs
38 Diagram below represents a part of DNA which controls the synthesis of Beta
galactosidase
The table below shows the parts of DNA and their functions.
Part Function
..
R (a) Binding site for repressor protein
p
(b) Genetic information for synthesis of repressor protem
Q (c) Binding site for RNA polymerase
Which of the following combinations is correct?
R
p
0
A (a) (b) (c)
B (b) (c) (a)
c (b) (a) (c)
D (c) (a) (b)
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39 Which of the following are characteristics of cloning vectors?
I they can replicate freely in host cells
II they are able to accept foreign DNA
III they harm the host cells
IV they are able to express the cloned genes
A I and III B II and IV
c I, IT and III D I, II and IV
40 Name the process of selecting a transformed bacterial clone
A Ligating B Cloning
c Screening D Filtering
41 To produce a ci.ichotomous key for five organism from a d i f f e r e n ~ order what is the
miniri:tum number of characters that have to be used?
A
c
6
4
B
D
5
3
42 The correct way to write the scientific name of maize is
A. ·Zeamays
B Zea!fays
C Zeamays
V Zeamays
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43 Which of the following statements about the organisms in the subkingdom protozoa are
true?
I. Amoeba uses pseudopodium for locomotion
II. Paramecium is. heterotroph
III. Euglena bas pellicle to maintain its shape
N . Euglena stores carbohydrate as paramyll.un
B I,II and N
C II,Ill andN
D I,ll,lliandN
44 . Flatworms of the phylum Platyhelminthes are
A Diploblastic and acoelomates
. B Triploblastic and acoelomates
C Triploblastic and pscudocoelomates
D Triploblastic and coelomates
45 Which of the following could cause phenotype variation in organism that have· the same
genotype?·
A Mutation
B Exposure to different environments
C Continuous variation within the species
D Crossing over in gametogenesis
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46 The diagram below shows a type of selection process.
Phenotype
The arrow shows the direction of natural selection. Which of the following examples can be
explained by using the diagram above?
A Increased survival rate for newly born human babies with average weight
B Increased in antibiotic resistance among pathogenic bacteria
.:C ; Formation of two subpopulation of grass: toxic-tolerant and non-tolerant grasses
.. D p9pulation of average height trees in the forest compared to short and tall
trees.
4 7 Which of these statements best explains why a food chain is short?
A Only 1% of sUnlight is converted into a gross primary productivity in producer
B Energy lost when energy is transferred from one trophic level to another higher trophic
level is high
C As the food chain gets longer, less organism are found in the higher trophic level
D As the food chain gets longer, organisms in the higher trophic levels have a bigger size
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48 Which of the reactions in the sulphur cycle occurs in Desulphovibrio?
A is into sulphate ion
B · Hydrogen 'sulphate is oxiclised into sulphur
C Organic sulphur is into hydrbgen
D. Hydrogen sulphate is oxidisedinto sulphate ion
49 Organisms that use the K strategy of survival
A Exhibit high efficiency in the use of resources
B EXperience a high birth and death rate.
C Do have a strong ability to compete.
D Have progeny that are small in size and number.
50 A plAAt ·sampling is done in area that covers 2 500m
2
. The number of plants in .25
. .
qUadrats, the area of 1m
2
, is as shown in the table.
Nuinber of plants in each quadrat
5 4 6 4 5
6 · 5 4 6 6
7 7 5 4 3
2 1 8 3 2
3 8 9 7
,.
I
:::
..
A 5 B 125
c .500 D 50000
END OF QUESTION PAPER
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answer scheme
STPM TRIAL EXAMINATION 2012
BIOLOGY 964/1
ANSWERSCHEMEFORPAPER1
Ql A
02 B
03 D
Q4 D
QS c
Q6 D
Q7 c
-<58
A

B
c
Ql1 B
Ql2 B
013
A
Q14 IC
-015 D
016 A
Ql7 B
Qi8 c
Ql9 c
·· o2o
B
021 A
022 D
Q23 D
Q24 c
._!ES c
I
Q26 c
Q27 A.
Q28 0 12.,
Q29 D
Q30 B
-Q3 1
B
Q32 c
Q33 c
034 D
Q35 B
Q36 B
Q37 D
Q38 B
Q39 D
Q40 B
Q41 c
Q42 ID
Q43 D ·
Q44 B
Q45 B
046 B
Q47 B
- -1
Q48 c

049
QSO D
964/2answer scheme
STPM TRIAL EXAMINATION 2012
BIOLOGY 964/2
ANSWER SCHEME FOR SECTION A PAPER 2
Question ANSWER SCHEME
Ql a (i) X : Glycolysis
Y : Krebs/TCA!citric acid cycle
(ii) cytoplasm I ground cytoplasm I cytosol
b -Removal of hydrogen ions,
- from pynivate/pyruvic acid to acceptor/ to coenzyme /not directly to
oxygen
c Removal of carbon dioxide
d (i) inner membrane of mitochondrion/ cristae
(ii)
- Oxidative Phosphorylation is a process which occurs in the ETS d.uring
aerobic respiration
- in which ATPs are synthesized from ADP and inorganic phosphate
- the process occurs in the inner membrane of the
mitochondria/mitochondrial cristae
- hydrogen atoms are transferred/ transported by hydrogen carriers such
as NAD from the Krebs cycle to the respiratory chain whereby
hydrogen carriers will transfer them along the chain
- the hydrogen atoms then split into protons and electrons and they are
transferred by electron carriers.
- At the end of the chain, protons and electrons recombine with oxygen to
produce water molecule (catalysed by cytochrome oxidase)/ the final
hydrogen acceptor is oxygen and water is produced
- ATP is synthesized during oxidative phosphorylation due to the driving
force from the flow of protons back to the matrix _to with
electrons to produce hydrogen atoms
Total
Q2 a (i) The action potential is triggered only if the depolarization of the
membrane is above the threshold level, a stronger intensity of a
stimulus won't increase the size of it
(ii) Below the threshold level, the stimulation is not sufficient to
depolarize the membrane
b -70mV
Iv1ARKS
1
1
1
- --::---'---
1
1
1
1
1
1
I
1
I
l
1
A.'ly 3
10
I
I
I
1
1
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