National Curriculum and Textbook Board
69 - 70, Motijheel Commercial Area, Dhaka - 1000
(All rights reserved by the publisher)
Trial Edition First Edition: November, 2012
Md. Mosle Uddin Sarkar
Jahirul Islam Bhuiyan Shetu
National Curriculum and Textbook Board, Dhaka
To be distributed at free of cost by the Government of Bangladesh under the Third Primary Education Development Program
Printed by: Mousumi Ofset Press, 38 B anglabazar, Dhaka.
endless joy and enthusiasm. richpoor. plain and lucid to our tender aged learners.
Professor Md. Keeping the security of the children in mind. tradition. unbounded curiosity. population and human resources all these issues have been introduced in the book in the context of Bangladesh. editing. Keeping in view the all round development of children's potentials. A child is a subject of contemplation for educationists.Preface
A child is a great wonder. a number of new topics have been included to create sense of acceptability and develop a sense of harmony in the minds of the children for the people of all walks of the society. Especially teaching the learners a new topic is related to the acquiring knowledge on the topic by the teachers. being respectful to the culture and occupation of others. I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude and thanks to those who have facilitated at various steps of writing. The textbooks are composed on the basis of curriculum. The improvement of curriculum is a constant process. There is no end to the thinking about his world of wonder. class and subject wise attainable competenis and finally to the learning outcomes. Therefore. Dhaka
. the book may not be completely error free. duties and responsibilities of children. and children with special needs. Constitution has been followed in the usage of the term 'Ethnic Minority' in this book. Special attention has been given to make the contents of the book. Despite this challenge. social environment and disaster. the true history of the Liberation War and the related facts presented in the book comply with the constitution of the country. bringing basic changes into the curriculum depends on some other matters as well. Despite the relentless. It is worth mentioning that in 2009. The society and environment of Bangladesh. Mostafa Kamaluddin National Curriculum and Textbook Board. We will consider all our efforts successful if the children for whom this book has been prepared are benefited. Besides. this time too this textbook has been published in a short time under the light of the revised curriculum using four colours/pictures along with improved papers. proper use and maintenance of resources. Although revision of curriculum is a continuous process. philosophers. relevant idea has been provided in this book so that awareness can be developed in the minds of the children in the respective issues. On this perspective each step of the curriculum has been carefully followed in the newly developed textbook. the aims and objectives of primary education were modified in the revised curriculum of 2011. It is noteworthy that the biography of the Father of the Nation. careful efforts of the associated people. psychologists for all intellectuals. evaluating and publishing of this book. Utmost considerations have been given to the total development of children in determining all aspects beginning from the terminal competencies of primary education to the subject wise terminal competencies. for the further development and enhancement of the book. professionals. Exercises with planned activities along with colourful pictures have been designed in such a way so that through pleasure and without memorization children can grasp the topics very easily. inquisitive and attentive. the history of liberation war. attaining the qualities for becoming good citizens of the society. children right. sense of cooperation and compassion toward all walks of people of the society. Consequently. child specialists. basic needs. The fundamental principles of child education outlined in the National Education Policy 2010 have been defined in the light of these contemplations. scientists. Government of Bangladesh took a great step through the introduction of four colours in the text books which make the books more attractive and endurable helping the learners to be more keen. issues like how children can manage unfavourable conditions or disasters have been introduced. The curriculum for primary education has been revised to develop a child on the potentials of his innate amazement. any constructive and rationale advice will be taken into serious consideration. culture. as far as possible.
Chapter One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine Ten Eleven Subject Our Society and Environment Let us Live Together Our Rights and Responsibilities Different Social Occupations Human Qualities Development Work: Home and School Page 1 9 15 20 27 31
Preservation and Development of the Environment 38 Continents and Oceans Bangladesh Our Country Father of Our Nation Our History and Culture 44 49 58 61 68
Twelve Population of Bangladesh
Our neighbours live around us. All of us are differently related.Chapter One
Our Society and Environment
Many of us study together in a school. Many of us live together in a locality. Some families include grandparents and other near relatives. We learn together.
. All this together is called a society.
There are many other things around our home and school. There are trees and roads. Let us look at the picture below to find other things. We follow many rules. We observe festivals together. At home we live together with parents and siblings.
school. shops etc. play ground. Everythings a man builds is a part of his social environment.
Forms of Environment
Environment has two forms: (a) Social Environment (b) Natural Environment.
Man has built many things to meet his needs: house. roads. These form our social environment.
.Bangladesh and Global Studies
Let us write the names of these things in the chart below We have around us 1 2 3 4 5 6
All these together make our environment.
Let us look around and locate items of social environment and write them on the chart below: Items of Social Environment 1 2 3 4 5 6
Earth. rivers. flowers. All these form our natural environment. Let us look around us. air. birds. We also have trees. beasts. water make our natural environment.
. canals etc.Our Society and Environment
There are many more items of social environment.
Everyone around us is our neighbour
A House with a Yard
. We live there. We know our home most. We play in the yard.Bangladesh and Global Studies
Let us write some items of natural environment in the chart below: Objects of Natural Environment 1 4
Importance of Social Environment
Social environment is very important in our life.
A Play Ground
. It keeps our body fit and free from disease. We enjoy different function and festivals there. We enjoy playing there. We learn and play in the school.Our Society and Environment
Our school is very dear to us.
A Function on the School Ground
We have play ground in the village or locality.
water.Bangladesh and Global Studies
Roads and transports are very useful to us. air. and steamers to journey by river. 4. We use bus. We go to schools and market places and visit other places by road. Road. b) Natural environment 3.
Roads and Transports
We use boats. 2. For exampleHouse. plants.
Let us Read Again
1. Play ground. Earth. Whatever man has built is a part of social environment. There are two kinds of environment : (a) Social environment. Our life is closely linked with social and natural environment. School. Everything around us makes our environment.
. All these are a part of our environment. launches. etc. We shall always keep our environment clean. trains or other transport to go to other places. animals etc form natural environment.
Fill in the blanks with appropriate words. a) Many people live in the same _______________. Make a list of items that form our environment. d) We shall always keep our ________________ clean. List the different items of the environment under (a) Social and (b) Natural environment.
1. Tick ( ) the right answer.2 Which one is an example of natural environment ? a) house b) tree c) road d) bridge 1. 2.
1.3 Where do we play ? a) pond b) field c) river d) market 1. c) School is a part of ________________ environment.4 Which is closely linked with our life ? a) environment b) games c) dance and music d) functions and festivals 2.Our Society and Environment
1.1 Which one is an example of social environmet ? a) bird b) animal c) school d) river 1. b) Everything around us makes _________________.
Bangladesh and Global Studies
3. Match the phrases on the left with the ones on the right. Give short answers. traffic to meet his needs part of social environment makes our environment functions and festivals we play
4. e) Write the usefulness of three social environmental items in yourself. a) We observe many b) Everything around us c) Man builds many things d) House. road. a) What is a society ? b) What is environment ? c) What is a social environment ? d) Name five items of social environment around your school.
. f) What is a natural environment ? g) Name five items of natural environment around your house.
We all live in a village or neighbourhood. some young. some elderly. So we need to support one another. some rich and some poor. In school we are of the same age but we are all different. Together we live. Chakmas. Look at the picture below:
Together We Live
So in a society. In society there are persons of different age. there are some people who are physically disadvantaged. religion and occupation. Some are short-sighted or some are hard of hearing. In our country we have some small ethnic groups also. Some learn fast. But we can learn together. Some are slow learners.Garos. there are many types of people and we can live near each other. brothers. some boys. like . We support and respect one another.Chapter Two
Let us Live Together
Let us Live Together
In a family we have parents. Besides. That is why our society is beautiful. sisters and other relatives.
. Some are men. Together we learn and play. some women.younger or older. Some are girls. In the school there are boys and girls . Santals and others.
another should support him. If one has a problem in understanding. We will not differentiate between boys. Let us look at the pictures next to see what different festivals people celebrate. because we are all friends.Bangladesh and Global Studies
Different Types of Students in Group Learning
Together we all learn. There are some 'autistic' children who dislike to play with children of the same age. We shall look after them.
. The four main religions are: 1) Islam 2) Hinduism 3) Budhism 4) Christianity Every religious group observes some festivals. we will play together. In a society there may be some children who are physically or mentally disadvantaged. girls or the disadvantaged. During play time also. the physically disadvantaged children cannot take part in all games.
Some Religious Festivals in Our Country
People of different religions live in our country. All children have a right to live and learn in the society decently. If needed we shall support one another with pencil and paper. We attend the festivals of other religious groups inspite of belonging to another religion. For example. They are different in some ways.
Festivals of Hindus
Hindus have religious occasions or 'Pujas' all the year round. There are two 'Eids' a year: 'Eid-ulFitr' and 'Eid-ul-Azha'. Children roam in groups and play and enjoy themselves. all friends greet others and dine together. Children play different games and enjoy themselves.g. shares sweets and fruits. e. There are some other Muslim festivals also. 'Sarawati Puja' and 'Lakshmi Puja'.
. Shab-e-Barat. During the time. Shab-e-Quadar and Eid-e-Miladunnabi. The main festivals are 'Durga Puja'.Let us Live Together
Different Religious Festivals Festivals of Muslims
Eid is the greatest Muslim festival. everyone greets one another. During that time.
Other festivals are 'Good Friday' and 'Easter Sunday'. This is celebrated because it is the birthday of Gautam Budha. 'Maghi Purnima' is another Budhist festival. Budhists pray special prayers together. Children have a fun time on this day.
Festivals of Christians
Christmas is the main Christian festival. Children also participate in different activities. all Christians pray in mass. During this time.
.Bangladesh and Global Studies
Festivals of Budhists
'Buddha Purnima' is the main Budhist festival. It observes the birth of Jesus Christ on 25 December. Other ethnic groups have their own festivals. On this occasion.
Tick ( ) the right answer. brother and sister d) neighbours 1. Children learn and play together in the school.
Let us Read Again
1. 3. 2. 1. looking at the pictures. Like this we respect all religions of the society. 4.Let us Live Together
We all attend the festivals of other groups and share their joys. We greet the senior people and friends of other religions. On religious festivals people greet one another and enjoy themselves.
1. Students will collect pictures of different religious festivals and attend festivals under teacher supervision. Many kinds of people live in a society.2 How do we live with other people in the society ? a) separately b) in groups b) in religious groups d) in harmony
. People of different religions live in a society.1 With whom do we live in a family ? a) classmate b) friend c) parents. Make a list of different kinds of people.
a) People of different age. b) ____________ we learn and play in the school. Give short answers. a) In our society. d) By attending festivals of other religious group. Match the phrases on the left with the ones on the right. other c)As we live together d) In festivals.3 How many main religions are there in our country ? a) three b) four c) five d) six 1.Bangladesh and Global Studies
1. 3. d) How do we enjoy ourselves with friends during a festival ?
. children enjoy themselves with friends small ethnic groups live in our society we respect everyone rich poor live together
4. we share their _____________. man woman our society is beautiful b) Besides Bengalis. a) What differences can there be among schoolmates ? b) How will classmates support one another ? c) Name the festivals of your religion.4 Which religion observes 'Maghi Purnima' ? a) Hinduism b) Christianity c) Budhism d) Islam 2. __________ and occupation live in our society. c) We attend the festivals of other religious groups inspite of belonging to __________. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.
Right to Food
Right to Clothes
Right to Education Right to a Home
Right to a Safety
Right to Healthcare
. everyone has the right to live. With education we shall grow as able human beings. These are the basic rights for all humans.Chapter Three
Our Rights and Duties
We are children. healthcare and a home. Besides. Let us look at the pictures below and learn about child's rights. For this reason. we need food. some rights are a must. education. We shall work for the good of our family. clothes. children have a special right to safety. So we have to build a beautiful life. We shall grow up by and by. In a society. our society and our country. To build a beautiful life.
We should be aware that we get our rights. We will try to develop ourselves. It is the duty of the family. It is not enough that only we will get these rights. We will use these rights to build our life well. the society and the state to fulfill these child's rights. These rights are essential to grow up in a healthy and beautiful way. This is our duty as children. we will give importance that all children of our society get their rights.Bangladesh and Global Studies
Our Rights as Children
As children we have some special rights. So we will go to school regularly and attend to our lessons attentively. We will cross the road carefully. We will take care of our health.
. 'World Child Day' is observed on 1st Monday of October every year. Some important ones are: Right to birth registration Right to a name Right to be loved and get affection Right to nutrition and healthcare Right to play and amusement Right to education Right for girls and boys to have equal facilities
My name is Tania My birthday is 16 December
These are the rights of all children of the world.
2.Our Rights and Duties
Our Rights in Family
We live and grow up in a family. We get a few rights from the family. Some of them may have some physical or mental problems. Only then we can enjoy our rights. Respect parents and elders 3. love and affection. 3. Attend the sick 4. Some duties are: Our Duties to Family 1. we also have some duties towards our family.a name. 5. But they also have the rights to have the same facilities. Abide by family rules 2. Let us make a list of our rights in our family below: My Rights as a Child in my Family 1. Every child in the family has the same rights. 4.
. 6. Respect elder siblings and love younger ones We should do our duties to the family properly.
Child's Duty to the Family
As we have rights. We get many other rights from our family. Assist parents and other members of the family in different work 5. for example .
Under teacher guidance. We also have duties to family 4.3 Which is our duty to family ? a) to play b) abide by rules c) study d) birth registration 1.Bangladesh and Global Studies
Let us Read Again
1. Man has some basic rights 2.4 What day is observed on first Monday of October ? a) World Mother Day b) International Mother Language Day c) World Child Day d) International Environment Day
. Tick ( ) the right answer.1 Which one is a child's right ? a) birth registration b) abide by rules b) respect elders d) attend the sick 1.2 What kind of right is 'right to food'? a) child right b) right in a family c) basic right d) personal right 1. We shall be careful about our rights and duties
1. Children have some special rights 3. We get some rights from family. make a list of basic and special child rights and exhibit in class.
3. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words. a) What is a basic right ? Name two basic child rights. c) Right to safety is a ____________ child right. b) In a family all children have ___________ rights. a) The things which build a happy life for a child b) Right to healthcare c) We grow up d) To respect the elders and love young ones in a family is a child's duty is a child's right basic rights is a human right
4. Give short answers. Match the phrases on the left with the ones on the right. e) Why are child's rights necessary ?
. b) Name three child rights. d) To respect parents is a child's ____________. a) Beside our rights.Our Rights and Duties
2. we have some ___________ towards our family. What happens if these are not given ? c) What are our rights from family ? d) Make a list of Child's duties to family.
The different kinds of food we eat are produced by farmers.
Fishermen catch fish from tanks. brinjal. Majority of the people of Bangladesh live in villages. Fish is our favourite food. We get fish from fishermen. lakes. tomato. jute. carrot etc. rivers and seas. canals. An activity that produces income is called an occupation. A farmer cultivates paddy.
Majority of people in Bangladesh work in farms they are called farmers. raddish. People of villages and towns have different occupations.
. We shall now know about some of them.Chapter Four
Different Social Occupations
A society needs many types of activities. Many people live in cities also.
Weaver Making Cloth
A smith makes knives. We are happy when we have new dress.Different Social Occupations
We wear different colourful clothes. We use them for household purposes.
Potter Making a Pot
. scythes. jars. Dress is made of cloth. People use these tools in their different occupations. A weaver knits this cloth with thread. sickles.
Smith Making a Sickle
A potter uses soft soil to make pots. tubs etc. spades and plongsetc.
Driver Running a Bus
A rickshaw puller carries passengers to different places. scooter etc. People also carry different goods on vehicles. We wear these new dresses on festivals and enjoy ourselves.
A Rickshaw Puller on His Rickshaw
. It is a great advantage that people can use rickshaws to transport goods. We visit many places on vehicles.
Tailor Sewing a Dress
A driver drives bus.Bangladesh and Global Studies
A tailor uses her cloth to design various kinds of dresses.
She also gives them music and dance lessons.
Hawker Hawking His Ware
.Different Social Occupations
A teacher teaches her students. We live in a house built by a mason. She teaches them games. sand.
Teacher in Her Class
A mason uses bricks.
Mason Building a House
A hawker hawks small things in the neighbourhood. cement. We get essential titbits ready at hand. iron rods etc to build a house.
We shall respect people of all occupations.
. Sometimes he is admitted there.
A Nurse Nursing a Patient
Apart from these. We are dependent on people of different occupations. She assists the physician.
Physician Attending Her Patient
Man go to a hospital when he falls sick. She gives food and medicine on time. They meet our needs in different ways. A hospital nurse takes care of patient. All occupations are equally important. He makes tests to diagnose the disease. Then the doctor or physician visits and treats us. in our society there are people of many other occupations.Bangladesh and Global Studies
Sometimes we fall ill.
Different Social Occupations
Let us Read Again
1. 8. Tick ( ) the right answer. A nurse nurses patients. We enjoy wearing new dress on festivals.1 Who produces crops and vegetables ? a) farmer b) weaver c) smith d) potter 1. Fish is our favourite food. 7. 3. We get fish from fishermen. A tailor makes dress. A driver drives many types of vehicles. A doctor or physician treats us when we fall ill. 1. knives d) makes dress 1. 6. Learners will list five occupations other than the ones mentioned.
1. We eat many kinds of food. We ride vehicles to visit places. We easily get necessary things from a hawker.2 Who makes our dress ? a) nurse b) tailor c) doctor d) weaver 1. 2. A teacher teaches us.4 Where does a nurse work ? a) mill b) shop c) hospital d) hotel
. 4. A farmer produces most of them. 5.3 What does a fisherman do ? a) catches fish b) weaves cloth c) makes sickles.
Bangladesh and Global Studies
2. c) Weaver makes cloth with _______________. cement farmer potter mason nurse fisherman 4. Match the phrases on the left with the ones on the right. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words. a) One who makes a pot with earth b) One who gives food and medicine to patients c) One who produces crops and vegetables d) One who builds house with brick. 3. a) _______________ is a work that produces income. c) What does a farmer produce for our food ? d) What does a weaver do ? e) What does a doctor do for us ? f) What does a teacher do for us ? g) Why should we respect people of all occupations ?
. b) Majority of the villagers are ________________. Give short answers. d) We shall ____________ people from all occupations. a) What is an occupation ? b) Name five occupations in Bangladesh.
The Headmaster in his speech said. If you have those qualities. never harm others.
A Good Man
Speaks the truth Respects the old Loves the young ones Helps others Behaves well with all These qualities of a good man are called moral qualities.Chapter Five
Man has some qualities which makes him different from other animals. Today is the farewell function of his favourite teacher Jalal Sir. They speak the truth. respect the old. Everyone in society likes a good man as you like your Jalal Sir. Now we shall know about these qualities. love young and old alike and follow rules.
. They keep their promise." Raju whispers to his mother. "Good people behave well with all. "Who are good people?" Mother replies. We need people like him very much. Apart from these there are other normal qualities." Let us find out some special human qualities from the story. Let us start with a story: Nasima Akhtar has come to school with her son. people will say you are a good person and they will like you. "Jalal Sir is an honest and good man.
We shall not do these. 4.
. never misbehave with others. to disrespect and be little others are bad deeds. 2. To tell lies. to quarrel. help others. respect the elders. to be rude. never tell lies.
Good and Bad Deeds
We shall always do what is good.
Learn From Picture
Let us look at the picture of a good deed below:
We will do good deeds and not bad ones. love the young and old alike and treat all alike. never cheat anybody. 3.Bangladesh and Global Studies
Let us list some moral qualities in the box below: List of Moral Qualities 1.
respect the old and love the young. 4. 2. We have to role-play other incidents like this. One classmate laughs at him. 3. His books are scattered all around.
1. 2. help others. A student stumbles in the classroom.1 Which one is the work of a good person ? a) tell a lie b) to quarrel c) to fight d) to speak the truth
. Make a list of good deeds. Role-play of good and bad deed. 3. Another helps to get up and picks up his books for him. Let us write what we did in the past seven days.Human Qualities
Let us Read Again
1. Good Deeds 1. Some good human qualities are called moral qualities. We shall always do good deeds and become good men
1. we shall always follow rules. 1. Tick ( ) the right answer. 2. Good deeds: speak the truth.
c) We shall try to _____________ others in need.what kind of deed is this ? a) good b) bad c) wrong d) unnecessary 2. 3. d) We shall always do ____________ deeds. not moral a) To quarrel and fight with others is the elders b) One who does good work is a bad deed c) Always respect a moral man d) Treat everyone equally good work 4.Bangladesh and Global Studies
1. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words. Give short answers. a) Everyone in the society ____________ a good person. b) We shall always _____________ elders.
. Match the phrases on the left with the ones on the right. a) Who is a moral man ? b) Why should we be good people ? c) What things shall we not do ? d) Name some moral qualities.2 Helping others in need .
Development Work: Home and School
We live in a family. Let us list them below: Daily work in our family 1. A family has some daily works. 2. brothers.
. sisters make a family. In a family we love and respect each other. Some families have grandfather. grandmother. Father.
10. aunts or other relatives living with them.
We will stack our dresses nicely. grandmother. uncles.Bangladesh and Global Studies
We can also help in some family work. aunts. We will put younger one's things in proper places.
Children Putting Things in Order
Let us list some activities to assist parents: 1. bag in orderly manner.
2. elder brothers or
3. We will put books. We will help parents in other activities also.
If we have grandfather. pencils. pens.
6. 4. Thus we will all assist each other in family work. 5. We will keep our house clean. We will plant saplings in the yard. we will assist them also. 2.
Child Nursing a Plant
Everyone needs to join hands in activities which will develop a family. Let us list some activities in the box below: Family Development Activities 1. We will nurse flower plants in a pot.Development Work: Home and School
We will not throw waste here and there. we can help in school development activities also. We will make a flower garden in the yard. We play there. We will keep the school. house and yard clean.Bangladesh and Global Studies
School Development Activities
We learn in a school.
Cleaning the Classroom
Let us list some more school development activities in the box below: Some More School Development Activities 1 2 3 4 5
. We will keep the board clean. As in a family. We will arrange chairs and tables properly.
We spend most of our time at home or school.Development Work: Home and School
We will assist our teacher in her work. 3. We will nurse the trees.
Cleaning Play Ground and Nursing Plants
We spend much of our time at home or school. 4. Everyone does different things in a family everyday. We will play under her guidance. We will plant trees around the ground. we can also help in many school development activities.
Let us Read Again
1. As in a family. We will keep the play ground clean. So it is our duty to share development activities in family and school.
. 5. We also can assist in work for development of the family. 2. We will attend school functions in an orderly way. It is our duty to share in family and school activities.
2 What should all of us do in a family ? a) help each other in work b) do one's own work only c) will not help others d) everyone living in one's own way 1.
1. 1. Fill in the blanks the appropriate words.
. And they will do the work as listed. Students make a list of work they will do in school. b) Everyone in a family has some daily _______________.4 To assist in the development work of family and school is our a) hobby b) joy c) trouble d) duty 2.1 What work do all the members in a family do everyday ? a) sleep b) different works c) exercise d) go to work 1. a) We live in a ________________. List the works students do in a family. d) We shall help our teacher _______________.Bangladesh and Global Studies
1. c) We shall keep the chairs and tables in our classroom ____________. Tick ( ) the right answer.3 Where do we spend much of our time ? a) play ground b) shopping c) family and school d) in the field 1. 2.
Match the phrases on the left with the ones on the right. a) In development of family b) Keep our things c) Keep our school.Development Work: Home and School
3. Give short answers. Home and yard d) Attend school functions clean in an orderly way will not throw waste in order we should all help
4. a) What are the works done in a family ? b) What are the works you do in your family ? c) What work should you do in a family ? d) What work will you do at school ?
They throw peanut shells. houses etc. Humans pollute the environment in many ways. They use a lot of insecticide on the fields. rivers. For example . Rain washes the insecticides from the cultivable lands and flow into the rivers. water. People spit and throw cough everywhere. play ground or on the pond and river. ponds or tanks. And this is called Environmental Pollution. People excrete anywhere.
A Nice Environment
A healthy environment makes the lives beautiful of humans and other animals. People throw waste from the industries into the rivers. Black smoke comes out of cars and brick fields. Humans are also part of the environment. For example .trees.Chapter Seven
Preservation and Development of the Environment
Things around us make our environment. Sometimes people play music in loud volume. air and sound is being polluted. pieces of paper and other dirty litter. Like this earth. birds.
. But the environment is being polluted for different reasons.some people throw banana peel on the road. People throw polythene bags on the ground after use. Vehicles and industries are a source of noise.
Preservation and Development of the Environment
Now we will look at the picture below to see how man pollutes the environment
Problems because of Environmental Pollution
Environmental pollution creates different problems in the lives of humans and other animals. Bad smell comes for throwing garbage here and there. And as a result different kinds of diseases spread from here. Diarrhoea and jaundice breaks out if the water is
. fish and trees are being destroyed because of air pollution. Different kinds of animals. Dirty swamps or trash around houses and schools breed mosquitos and flies. birds.
Let us write the problems we face because of environmental pollution Environmental Pollution Water Earth Air Sound Results
Living in Positive and Negative Environment
Let us look at both the pictures carefully -
Children Playing in Normal Environment
Children Playing in Dirty Environment
We can see here that children are playing in a clean environment. This is a big problem for the country. Earth pollution leads to poor harvest. We depend on agriculture for our food. It is difficult to hear if there is loud noise.
. children are playing beside a dustbin in a polluted environment. Trees die. That is why environmental pollution is very harmful for us. It becomes difficult for us to breathe if the air is polluted. In the other picture.Bangladesh and Global Studies
polluted. Let us think which environment is better and why.
air and sound pollution. 2. Our environment is being polluted for different reasons. earth. rivers or other places.
We will always throw waste in the right place and not throw them in ponds. roads and fields clean. Many problems occur because of water. 3.Preservation and Development of the Environment
Preservation and Development of the Environment
Now we know the problems we have because of environmental pollution. People are polluting environment in different ways. Let us see how we can keep the environment beautiful around us. 4. We will keep the houses. We will not spit.
. All of us will try together to keep our environment clean. throw cough and excrete here and there.
Students Throwing Waste at the Right Place
Let us Read Again
Students Cleaning their School Field
1. So we have to be careful that the environment around us does not become polluted.
1. industries and brick fields.1 How is the environment of the cultivable land destroyed ? a) cutting trees b) filling up land c) putting cowdung d) using insecticide 1.3 What disease do we have because of water pollution ? a) fever b) diarrhoea. d) We will not ____________________ here and there. jaundice c) skin disease d) cold and cough 1.
. Students will participate in preserving and developing the environment of their class and school with the help of teachers.
1. c) People are having different ____________ because of environmental pollution.4 What problems do we have because of air pollution ? a) impaired hearing b) impaired eye-sight c) breathing problem d) fever 2. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words. Tick ( ) the right answer.Bangladesh and Global Studies
1. Students will make a list of environmental pollution due to social reasons in their own areas. 2. b) _________________ comes out of cars.2 Where will we throw our waste ? a) street b) pond c) right place d) yard 1. a) The environment around us is being polluted ____________.
a) Healthy environment and fall into rivers. a) What is Environmental pollution ? b) What are the reasons for water pollution ? c) How does environmental pollution harm agriculture ? d) What diseases do we have because of environmental pollution ? e) How can we keep the environment of our house and school clean ? places to throw waste makes the lives beautiful of people and other animals there are mosquitos and flies
. rivers and other places are 4. Match the phrases on the left with the ones on the right. ponds or other places b) Insecticides from cultivable land not places to throw waste wash in the rain c) If there are waste and dirty ponds around house or school.Preservation and Development of the Environment
3. then d) Ponds. Give short answers.
The biggest continent of the world is Asia. mountains. Asia Europe Africa North America South America
All the continents have again been divided into many countries. Land is made up of flat land. The smallest one is Australia also known as Oceania. There are seven continents in the world. Earth is one of the planets of the sun.Chaper Eight
Continents and Oceans
We live on the earth. deserts etc. One-fourth of the earth is land and the rest three-fourth is water. It is round in shape. There is land and water on the surface of the earth. Each one of the sections is called a continent. And the water surface is made up of water only.
80 60 40 20 Africa 0 20 40 South pole 60 80 Antarctica 60 80 120 100 80 60 40 South America 20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 160 0 20 40 North America
North pole Europe Asia 20 60 40
The land on earth has been divided into seven big sections.
There are five oceans in the world.Continents and Oceans
Each part of the huge water surfaces of the world is called Ocean. Southern Ocean Arctic Ocean
Continents and Oceans in the World Map
Let us see where the continents and oceans are in the world map and fill up the chart
North America Atlantic Ocean
Africa Pacific Ocean South America
Australia Southern Ocean Indian Ocean Antarctica
. They are
Pacific Ocean Atlantic Ocean Indian Ocean Pacific Ocean is the biggest and the smallest one is Arctic.
Bangladesh and Global Studies
Ocean on the extreme north Ocean on the extreme south Continent beside Asia Continent on the extreme south Ocean between Africa, Asia and Australia
Bangladesh on the world map
We can see a small country coloured in red and green on the lower side of Asia in the map. This is our favourite motherland Bangladesh.
Bangladesh in the Map of Asia
Continents and Oceans
Let us Read Again
1. There are seven continents and five oceans in the world. 2. Bangladesh is in Asia.
1. Make two separate lists of Continents and Oceans from the list given below. Antarctica, Africa, Pacific, Australia, North America, India, Arctic Atlantic,
1. Tick ( ) the right answer. 1.1 How much of the earth is water ? a) one-fourth b) three-fourth c) three-fifth d) one-fifth 1.2 Which continent is situated on the very south of the world ? b) South America a) Asia c) Antarctica d) Africa 1.3 Which continent is beside Europe and Africa ? a) Antarctica b) Asia c) North America d) Australia 1.4 Which ocean is situated between Asia, Africa and Europe ? a) Pacific Ocean b) Northern Ocean b) Indian Ocean d) Southern Ocean 2. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words. a) There are ___________________ continents in the world. b) Asia is the ___________________continent in the world. c) Bangladesh is situated on the south of _____________________. d) The largest ocean of the world is ______________________.
Bangladesh and Global Studies
3. Match the phrases on the left with the ones on the right. countries a) One-fourth of the earth is land b) The smallest continent is continent c) The number of continents is ocean d) The huge water surface is called seven e) The continents are divided into Antarctica 4. Give short answers. a) How many continents are there in the world and what are their names ? b) What are the names of the oceans in the world ? c) In which side of which continent is Bangladesh situated ? d) How many continents are there in the world named America ? What are their names ? e) Write the names of the continents and oceans in the world map given below
Bangladesh Our Country
Borders of Bangladesh
Bangladesh is our motherland. It is in Asia. Like other countries, it is surrounded by different countries and seas on all sides. Let us look at the map and see which countries and seas there are around Bangladesh.
West (India) Rangpur (India) North
Divisional Map of Bangladesh
We know that the upper part of the map is North and the lower part is Khulna South. If we face the Barisal Chittagong map towards the north then the East will be on the right-hand side and Bay Of Bengle the West will be on the left-hand side. Now let 0 50 100 K.M. 100 Miles 50 us look at the map and 0 South write the names of the countries and seas which are around Bangladesh on the chart below (India)
Sides East West North South
Countries / Seas
Khulna Division 5. Each division has a main city. Traced Map Drawn by Tracing Look at the lines of the map under the paper. It is an old city. Sylhet Division Chittagong division is the largest one in land area and Sylhet division is the smallest.
. These are called Divisional Cities. Dhaka started growing as a city about 400 years ago. Bangladesh has been divided into 7 parts for administrative purposes.Bangladesh and Global Studies
Capital of Bangladesh and other Divisional Cities
In the map we can see Dhaka is in the centre of the country. Rajshahi Division 4. The divisions have been named after the names of the main divisional cities. Let me write down the names of the divisions which are beside my division. The divisions are 1. Barisal Division 6. We can easily draw a map of Bangladesh by following the instructions given below Place a thin paper on top of the map of Bangladesh. Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh. Each one of the parts is called a Division. Rangpur Division 7. Dhaka Division 2. Now we will draw a map of our own country. Chittagong Division 3. Let me find out in which division I live in. Dhaka is both the capital and a divisional city. Attach the sides with pins or clips. Let us look at the map carefully and find out in which sides the divisions are situated.
Let us Draw a Map of Bangladesh
We have seen the map of Bangladesh.
The radius of the red circle is one-fifth of the length of the flag. Now we shall draw our national flag. It is very beautiful. Let us look at our flag.
Our national flag is rectangular.
Our National Flag
We got our national flag through liberation in 1971. But let us find out the right measurement first. Now we have an excellent map of Bangladesh. It is called traced map because it is drawn by tracing. The ratio of the length and breadth is 10 : 6. Unclip the drawn paper. It is very easy to draw too. Write Bangladesh in big letters on top of the map. There is a bright red circle in the middle of green. That means if the flag is 10 inches long.Bangladesh Our Country
Draw the borders of the map with a pencil. it will be 6 inches wide. We have to sing the national anthem and stand up when the national flag is being hoisted.
There are some hills in the north-east part of the country in Sylhet and also in the south-east part of the country in Chittagong.47. Most of it is plain land. The soil of our country is very fertile because of the silt it is made of. The soil of these regions is red. There is also high land in Rajshahi division which is called Barendrabhumi.
. It is called Modhupur and Bhawal Gorh. There is some high land in the middle part of the country.570) square kilometres. so they are called 'tilla'.
89 90 91 92
Geographical Map of Bangladesh North 26
60 Kilometres 89 90 91 92
These hills are not too high. There are also some small hills in Comilla.Bangladesh and Global Studies
Geographical Location of Bangladesh
The land area of Bangladesh is One Lac Forty Seven Thousand Five Hundred and Seventy (1.
Bangladesh Our Country
Rivers of Bangladesh
There are many rivers in our country. Brahmaputra. mix with each other and finally fall into the Bay of Bengal.
The main agricultural products of Bangladesh are rice. Mineral and Water resources. These rivers rise from different mountains and hills. flow downwards. Our country is called a riverine country because there are many rivers. These are exported to foreign countries to earn foreign exchange. Forestery. Jamuna. But the main rivers are Padma. jute and tea. Rice grows everywhere in the country. these are worth mentioning .Agriculture. Apart from
. Jute and tea are cash crops. Meghna and Karnaphuli. Some are big and some small The rivers spread all over the country like a web.
Main Rivers in Bangladesh
Resources of Bangladesh
Among the many different kinds of resources of Bangladesh.
There are three kinds of forests in Bangladesh 1.Bangladesh and Global Studies
these wheat. mustard and different kinds of pulse. Different
. There are elephants. Apart from shal. The Sunderbans is on the south of Khulna Division. Bhawal and Barendra area. Bhawal and Borendrabhumi 3. The wood from the shal trees is used to make houses and electric poles. Different kinds of trees. There is Shalforest in the forests of Modhupur. monkeys and wild boars in these hills. Sunderbans
The hilly forests are situated on the hilly regions of the country. vegetables and spices are also produced in our country. there are many different fruit trees and other wood trees. bamboos and canes grow there. Forests in Modhupur. Hilly forests 2.
There are seven Divisional Cities in Bangladesh. Bangladesh has resources like agriculture. Bangladesh is surrounded by India on the north and west.
Bangladesh has many rivers. chinamati.Bangladesh Our Country
kinds of trees. 3.
Let us Read Again
1. The main rivers of the country are Padma. gewa. 4. There are plenty of fish in these water bodies which satisfy our need for food. keora etc grow here. main divisional cities and rivers. 5. mineral.
. India and Myanmar on the east and the Bay of Bengal on the south. mineral sand. students will stand up to show respect to our flag daily and on national days.
Natural gas is our main mineral resource. These are used for agriculture. marshes etc. golpata. We earn a lot of foreign exchange by exporting shrimps abroad. forestry. like shundori. Forest Resources are very important. transport etc. water etc. communication. Meghna. We have to plant many more trees. The world famous Royal Bengal Tiger can be found in the Sunderbans. hard rock are also found. Our country has very few forest lands compared to the need of the country. That is why we have to take care of the forests. Shrimps are cultivated on the southern coastal part of the country. 2. Brahmaputra and Karnaphuli. silica sand. Let us draw and colour a flag on a white paper according to the right measurements. limestone. These are important sources of water for our country. 2. ponds. using a scale and under the teacher's supervision. Apart from this coal. Jamuna. Under teacher supervision. Trace and draw a map of Bangladesh showing the capital.The ratio of our national flag is 10 : 6 3.
4 Which one is a cash crop? a) Jute b) Wheat c) Paddy d) Cotton 2.Bangladesh and Global Studies
1.3 Which is the smallest division of Bangladesh ? a) Barisal b) Rangpur c) Khulna d) Sylhet 1. Tick ( ) the right answer. a) The Bay of Bengal is situated on the ______________ of Bangladesh. 3. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words. b) There is a ___________ circle in the middle of the green on our national flag. c) There are ______________ divisions in the country. 1.1 Which country surrounds Bangladesh on three sides ? a) India b) Myanmar c) Pakistan d) Nepal 1. Match the phrases on the left with the ones on the right. a) The biggest division of Bangladesh is b) Old town is c) Royal Bengal Tiger is found at d) The main mineral of Bangladesh is Dhaka natural gas limestone Sunderbans Chittagong
. d) Most of the land of Bangladesh is ____________ land.2 What is the name of one of the main rivers of our country ? a) Buriganga b) Surma c) Meghna d) Shitalakkha 1.
Bangladesh Our Country
4. a) How many Divisional Cities are there in Bangladesh ? Give their names.
. Give short answers. b) Where is the hilly area in Bangladesh ? What do we find there ? c) Which are the main rivers of Bangladesh? How are the rivers useful to us ? d) Write the importance of water resources in Bangladesh.
After two years. a village in Gopalganj district. His nickname was Khoka. Then he passed BA from Islamia Picture of Bangabandhu in His Early Years College in Calcutta and got admitted in the Department of Law in Dhaka University. His school life started at Gimadanga Primary School at the age of seven. From that time Bangabandhu was involved in different agitations on the rights of the Bengalis. the government of Pakistan was supposed to be formed under the leadership of Bangabandhu. His father's name is Sheikh Lutfur Rahman and mother's name is Saira Begum.Chapter Ten
Father of Our Nation
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is the Father of our nation. He had to go to jail many times because of his leadership in such agitations. According to the results of the election. But he was firm. He was born in 17 March 1920 in Tungipara. But Picture of Bangabandhu after the Liberation the rulers of Pakistan started
. his party Awami League won with massive votes. In the election of 1970. he got admitted to Gopalganj Public School. In 1966 he declared a 6 point plan for the liberation of the people of East Bengal. He got his secondary education from Gopalganj Mission High School.
On the night of 25 March. We will all love and work for our country like Bangabandhu. That is why he is the Father of the Nation. the Pakistan Army attacked the unarmed Bengalis. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is the Father of our Nation. As a result on 7 March 1971. Pakistan Army arrested Bangabandhu and locked him up in the jail of West Pakistan. 2.Father of Our Nation
making excuses. Bangladesh became independent under the leadership of Bangabandhu. Bangabandhu announced independence on the early hours of 26 March. Bangabandhu declared independence on the early hours of 26 March 1971. 1920 b) 22 April. His death is an unimaginable loss for our country. We achieved victory on 16 December 1971. Bangabandhu gave strong leadership to build up a new Bangladesh after the war. 3. Bangabandhu along with his family were martyred on 15 August 1975 by a goup of conspirators. The whole nation got into the liberation war at the call of Bangabandhu. at the historical Race Course Ground in Dhaka. 1. 1920 c) 18 August. 1922 d) 10 January.
Let us Read Again
1. Tick ( ) the right answer. Make a list of the noteable incidents of Bangabandhu's life. 2. Bangabandhu was released from jail in Pakistan and came back to independent Bangladesh on 10 January 1972. Immediately after this. Bangabandhu called for independence. 1924
. After the war was over. He was martyred along with his family by a group of conspirators on 15 august 1975.
1. This war went on for nine months.1 When was Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman born ? a) 17 March. 4. He was born in 17 March 1920 at the village of Tungipara in Gopalganj district. Collect pictures of Bangabandhu and make an album.
a) The call for independence on 7 March 1971 15 August 1975 was made by Calcutta Islamia College b) Like Bangabandhu.3 How old was Bangabandhu when he got admitted to Gimadanga Primary School ? a) Five years b) Seven years c) Nine years d) Ten years 1.4 Where did Bangabandhu get his secondary education from ? a) Gopalganj Mission High School b) Faridpur Mission High School c) Dhaka Mission High School d) Calcutta Mission High School 2. b) Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was born in the village of _______________ in Gopalganj. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words. all of us should Dhaka University c) Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman love our country passed his BA from d) The Father of the Nation was martyred on Bangabandhu 4. a) When and where was Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman born ? b) From which educational institution did Bangabandhu get his education ? c) Why did Bangabandhu have to go to jail many times ? d) Why is Bangabandhu called the Father of the Nation ? e) Write about Bangabandhu's contribution in the Liberation War. d) Bangabandhu gave strong leadership to build a new____________ after the war was over. c) In 1966.
.Bangladesh and Global Studies
1. Match the phrases on the left with the ones on the right.2 What was Bangabandhu's nickname ? a) Babu b) Bakul c) Khoka d) Jadu 1. 3. Bangabandhu declared the __________________ plan for the liberation of the people of East Bengal. a) Bangabandhu's mother's name was ___________________. Give short answers.
And the mother tongue of the Bengalis was Bangla. We observe these National Days with special respect. From the population point of view. Some national days are linked with the history of our independence. The Bengalis did not accept that. This happened during Pakistan rule.
Our National Days
Bangladesh became independent in 1971.
21 February is the Martyrs' Day. On this day. The Pakistani rulers used to exploit us. We have to remember that such sacrifice for language is a rare incident in the world.Chapter Eleven
Our History and Culture
We are the citizens of Bangladesh. To express this right. The police
. The three main National Days are Days Martyrs' Day Independence Day Victory Day Dates 21 February 26 March 16 December
Every year we observe these days nationally. But the rulers of Pakistan wanted Urdu to be the only state language. a procession was brought out in Dhaka city on 21 February 1952. We have a long history and a rich culture. They even wanted to deprive us of our language. many people along with some students were martyred because they expressed the right to speak in their mother tongue Bangla. Now we will learn more about these National Days. They expressed the right to make Bengali our state language. Bengalis from East Pakistan were majority in Pakistan.
A National Martyr's Memorial has been built in Savar in memory of the martyrs of the Liberation War. We sing a song on 21 February "Amar bhai er rokte rangano ekushey february. The great thing is our Martyrs' Day is now recognised by the whole world. Some people along with some students were martyred. Every year on 21 February we go bare footed to the Shahid Minar very early in the morning with flowers in hand to pay respect to the martyrs. We
. We call these people language martyrs. And 21 February is known as the Martyrs' Day. Every year we celebrate our Independence Day through different programmes. Some of the language martyrs are Salam. who was martyred in 1971. This song was written by Abdul Gaffar Chowdhury and the music was composed by Altaf Mahmud. The Central Shahid Minar has been constructed in Dhaka in remembrance of the language martyrs.Bangladesh and Global Studies
fired at the procession. Jabbar and Shafiur. Now we already know how our country became independent. Rafiq. It is now observed as the International Mother Language Day. We observe this day nationally. ami ki bhulite pari".
Garlands at Shahid Minar on 21 February
26 March is our Independence Day. Barakat. Shahid Minars have also been built in different educational institutes of the country.
the Pakistan army surrendered after being defeated. We celebrate the social functions together as a community. We shall also participate in different programmes on these days.Our History and Culture
go there on this day to give flowers.
Garlands being placed at the National Martyr's Memorial on Victory Day
Our Victory Day is 16 December. days of festivity. A victory fair takes place in many parts of the country on this day. On this day in 1971.
Our Social Festivities
We also have some other days which are days of happiness. We are proud of these three days.
. We shall always remember these days and respect them. Let us now read about a few of our social festivities. We remember the martyrs through other programmes also. Every year we observe this day through different programmes and by putting flowers at the National Martyr's Memorial.
rich and poor. This is an occasion for harvesting ripe crops. For this. Amon paddy is cut and brought home on the month of Aghrayon of the Bangla calendar. These fairs are very enjoyable for young children. Different kinds of cakes and food are made with the new rice in every house. We can find different kinds of toys and tasty food here. boat race. in many places there are arrangements for different games. takes part in the celebrations of 1st Baishakh. the customers are welcomed in the shops with sweets.
1st Baiskakh Celebrations
Businessmen open their yearly accounts on the Bengali New Year in new copies on this day. This is the main social festival for Bengalis. puppet shows etc.Bangladesh and Global Studies
1st Baishakh is the first day of the Bengali New Year.
Nobanno is a celebration in rural Bangladesh. everyone old and young. nagordola. In some places there is a Baishakhi Fair. Different fairs and musical programmes are arranged on this occasion. At this time the farmers become very happy because they will bring new crops home. This is called "Halkhata". It is then
. On this day. Apart from these.
and folk drama are also organised. Apart from these. 21 February. there are many different festivals observed by small ethnic groups of Bangladesh. Different kinds of cakes and food are available in the fairs. Poushmela is also a celebration of rural Bangladesh. 3. These are celebrated through different programmes. dance. This is our main social celebration.
. 26 March and 16 December are our National Days. 2. Different programmes for song. Different kinds of winter cakes and sweets are made in every house of the village. This is a festival for winter cakes and local music.
Cake celebration continues for a few days. This is held in the month of Poush of the Bangla calendar. Poushmela is held in the month of Poush. Along with these. Bengali New Year is celebrated on the first day of the month of Baishakh. different arrangements are made for music and dance programmes.Our History and Culture
distributed to different relatives and neighbours. Fairs are organised.
Let us Read Again
1.2 Where is the National Martyr's Memorial situated ? a) Dhaka b) Gajipur c) Savar d) Chittagong 1. Independence Day. 5.4 What kind of a festival is Nobanno ? a) for New Year b) for Spring d) for harvesting crops c) for Winter 2. Let us look at the box and find out which our National Days are and which are Social Celebrations: Martyr Day. Small ethnic groups have their own festivals. c) 1st Baishakh is the main ___________ festival for Bengalis. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.
. Tick ( ) the right answer. a) Matyrs' Day is now observed in different countries as International ________ Day. Poushmela 2.3 On which date do we celebrate the Bengali New Year ? a) 1st Magh b) 1st Shrabon c) 1st Bhadro d) 1st Baishakh 1. d) Different small ethnic groups have their own __________. This is a celebration for harvesting new crops. Pakistan Army surrendered after being defeated.1 What is 21 February known as ? a) Independence Day b) Victory Day c) Intellectual Day d) Martyrs' Day 1.
1. Nobanno is celebrated in the month of Aghrayon. 1st Baishakh. Victory Day.
1. Nobanno.Bangladesh and Global Studies
4. b) On _________ 1971. Make a list of our National Days with names and dates.
a) Why did the Bengalis agitate for a state language ? b) Why is 16 December known as the Victory Day ? c) What shall we do on Independence Day ? d) How do we observe Bengali New Year ? e) What is Nobanno? What do people on this occasion ?
.Our History and Culture
3. Match the phrases on the left with the ones on the right. a) On Bengali New Year in different places b) On 21 February we go to give flowers to c) Our Independence Day is on d) Poushmela is a festival the National Martyr's Memorial 26 March rural Bengal fairs take place the Shahid Minar
4. Give short answers.
47. Bangladesh is the 90th country of the world. The number of people is counted out.
. 50. From this we can understand that in our country many people live in a small space. Now we know about the land area and population of Bangladesh. The area of Bangladesh is much less in comparison to many other countries of the world. According to size. In terms of population.364).570) square kilometres. Bangladesh holds the eighth place in the world. Out of the total population.72. 964 people live here in every square kilometre. Area Population Percentage of Women Percentage of Men
Effect of Over Population Effects of Over Population on the Family
The population of a country consists of the number of people families.97. the population of Bangladesh is Fourteen Crores Ninety Seven Lacs Seventy Two Thousand Three Hundred and Sixty Four (14. Again the number of people is less in some families. This number is known as the Population.99 % women. That is why the population of a country is small if the number of people in the family is small. And the reason is that every year our population is increasing rapidly.01 % are men and 49.Chapter Twelve
Population of Bangladesh
There are many people living in a country. The land area of our country is small but our population is not small. Now let us copy the chart given below and fill it up. The area of our country is One Lac Forty Seven Thousand Five Hundred and Seventy (1. According to the statistics of 2011.
a place to sleep or rest. The members of the family need different things. many girls cannot study because they have to look after their younger brother and sister. food. clothes.Population of Bangladesh
We can see in the picture that there are four people in the small family and eight people in the big family. For example .food. Large families have many problems. For example . health. then everyone's necessity cannot be fulfilled.house. Sometimes when the number of people in a family is more. the small children go to work with their parents and as a result cannot go to the school regularly. entertainment and pollution problem.many do not get enough healthy food. books. If the member of people in the family is more. everyone's needs can be met. For example .
Effects of Over Population over Transport
Over Population on Roads and Transport
If the family is small. To arrange for medical help if someone falls ill. pencil.
so the environment becomes polluted. As a result there are accidents and many people die. Ther are always crowds on the streets. Slums are built on the sides of the roads or Cutting Trees and Making Houses in Cultivable Land open spaces. transports everywhere. Our country is very small in land. roads. launches have to carry more passengers than they should. There are different problems in the family and the country if the population is more. People then make houses on playing grounds.Bangladesh and Global Studies
As there are problems if the number of people is more in a family. markets. So we can understand now that over population is the main problem of our country. If the population is more than the space for making houses becomes less. 4.
Effect of Over Population on Environment
If there are more people then there is more waste and trash. 3. As a result different kinds of diseases spread out. In our country many people live in small area. cultivable land and destroy trees. trains.there is a crowd in schools. The limited transport falls under pressure if the population is more. For example .
Let us Read Again
1. 2. Buses. It is then difficult for people to go from one place to another. The population of our country is inceasing rapidly. similarly many problems are created if the population of a country is more.
2 In what place is Bangladesh in terms of population ? a) seventh b) eighth c) ninth d) tenth 1. 2. 3.1 What is the present population of Bangladesh ? a) around 10 crores 23 lacs b) around 12 crores 23 lakcs c) around 14 crores 97 lacs d) around 16 crores 23 lacs 1. List of Problems of over Population 1.Population of Bangladesh
1. Tick ( ) the right answer. a) ____________ start growing beside roads or in open spaces if the population is more.
1. Make a list of the problems due to over-population in your area.4 In what place is Bangladesh in terms of land area ? a) 70th b) 80th c) 90th d) 100th 2. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words. 1.
.3 How many people live per square kilometre in Bangladesh ? a) 1000 persons b) 964 persons c) 1500 persons d) 560 persons 1.
3. a) Why is Bangladesh called an over populated country ? b) Why is over population a main problem in our country ? c) What necessities cannot be met if the number of people is more in a family ? d) How does over population in a country affect the transport system ? e) What problems do children have if the family is Large ?
. a) In comparison to many countries many people live of the world houses. health. Give short answers. in a small space environment is polluted c) The people of different families there are many houses in a country the land area of Bangladesh is less d) If the family is big form the population of that country 4. food and b) In our country.Bangladesh and Global Studies
b) Everyone gets their ___________ things properly if the number of people in a family is less. c) Population is a _____________ problem of our country. Match the phrases on the left with the ones on the right.
B&G .Academic Year 2013. Dhaka
ÒFor free distribution by the Government of Bangladesh .3
Behave Well with Neighbours
National Curriculum and Textbook Board.Not For SaleÓ