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2008 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference

17-18 March 2008, Loughborough, UK

DESIGN OF NOVEL ON-CHIP ANTENNAS WITH MULTI-BAND FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Dong H. Park Chung-Ju National Univ., Iryu-Myon Chung-Ju City, Chung-Buk Province, Korea (South) Email: dhpark@cjnu.ac.kr

ABSTRACT
This paper presents a novel on-chip antenna with quintuple band so that it will be able to operate in the ultra wideband (UWB). The antenna consists of two trapezoidal slots which are symmetrical in the patch with coaxial feeding. The two types of substrate we have investigated for antenna design are the HRS and Pyrex glass wafers. The possibility of on-chip antenna integration with circuitry is shown. As a result, a novel multi-band antenna structure for sensor network is proposed for a quintuple band application; C-band and X-band.

INTRODUCTION
Recently, the developments of sensor module in wireless sensor networks often require small antennas with onchip integration, low cost and more than one operating frequency. The antenna is the key element in order to fully integrate a wireless microsystem into a single chip [1], [2], [3]. Owing to its thin profile, light weight and easy conformity and fabrication, selection of the microstrip patch antenna can be suitable for these requirements. The design of on-chip antennas with the central frequency 6 GHz published [4]. In [4], the use of glass substrate enabled a small on-chip antenna and RF electronic circuits. This offered potentiality of low cost, low profile and simplified assembly. But these designs used for a single central frequency band only. This paper proposes the concept of tunable multi-band frequency so that it will be able to operate from the ultra wideband (UWB) [5]. Also, the selected wafer types are the Pyrex glass and HRS. And the designed on-chip antenna has a quintuple’s central frequency band by making two trapezoidal slots which are symmetrical in the patch with coaxial feeding. The slot-loaded antenna for UWB is categorized to reactive loading antenna and the frequency range can be varied in the range from 4 GHz to 12.5 GHz. The return loss values obtained by simulation are compared with the measured antenna parameters from [4]. The return loss characteristics for three different spaces L2 which make gap between two slots are depicts. Also, the resonant frequencies of on-chip antenna with upper, bottom, and dual symmetrical trapezoidal slots are solved, and a common resonant central frequency in all cases is 10.17 GHz.

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Fig. The integrated patch antenna. This simulation tool is intensively used in on-patch antenna design [4]. The wafers thicknesses are 525 Pm for HRS and 500 Pm for glass.6. a novel multi-band antenna structure for sensor network is proposed for a quintuple band application. Finally.2008 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference 17-18 March 2008.05 S/m.1 mm inside the patch where the input impedance is 50 :. Loughborough. 1. As shown in Figure 1 (b). NUMERICAL RESULTS All the simulation analysis is performed with an antenna model that is built using the designer tool. the slot widths W1 and W2 are 5. The two types of substrate we have investigated for antenna design are the HRS and Pyrex glass wafers.005. The metallization layers were realized using a 2Pm layer of aluminium. As a result.3 mm. İr=11. Also the lengths of slots L1 and L2 are 2 mm and 1 mm respectively. UK As a result.1. (a) Cross-sectional view of the realized patch antenna with HRS substrate.5 mm and 3 mm. C-band and X-band. This layer has an İr=4. we can see that the simulated two data agrees well but it has some deviation value of 35 102 .0 and tanį=0. and a loss tangent of tanį=0. ANTENNA CONFIGURATIONS In this paper.9 and a conductivity ı=0. (b) Top view of patch antenna with two trapezoidal slots which are symmetrical in the patch. For Pyrex wafer it was considered İr=4. the size of the patch is 8. a thickness 300 nm layer of thermal silicon dioxide is used. the data 1 and 2 shows return loss of the proposed on-chip antennas respectively. A schematic diagram of the microstrip patch antennas is indicated in Fig. The patch antenna is fed with a coaxial line connected to a point yo=-2. the two types of substrate are the Pyrex glass and the high resistivity silicon (HRS).5 mm u 7. For simulations we have considered HRS with a dielectric permittivity.05 and is assumed as an insulator.1 (b) and it operates at 6 GHz. where good match between modeling and experimental results is achieved. To decrease the substrate losses when HRS is used. In Fig. 2. The dimensions of the coaxially fed patch antennas shows in the Fig.

2008 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference 17-18 March 2008. fig. Note that when the different space L2 is 1 mm.21GHz 12. 3. Simulated return loss for the antenna using HRS and Pyrex glass as substrate. C=2 mm.3 6. UK MHz and difference return loss -13 dB at 6 GHz. A=0 mm. Loughborough.5 Fig. 4.5 5.7 5. 0 -5 C -10 A Return Loss[dB] -15 -20 -25 -30 -35 10. In this paper. The Fig.1 mm inside the patch where the input impedance is 50 :.1 Frequencies[GHz] 6.47GHz 9. 4 shows the frequency operation can be generated by loading slots in the patch. we can find a quintuple band for multi-mode resonance.2 6.6 5.23GHz 103 . 2.13GHz 11. B=1 mm.9 6 6.46GHz 5.4 6.8 5. Also. the character A represents in case of symmetrical trapezoidal slots. Return loss characteristics with various L2. In fig. And the B and C indicates upper and lower slot respectively. 0 -5 data1 data2 -10 Return Loss[dB] -15 -20 -25 -30 -35 5.23GHz 8. the patch antenna is fed with a coaxial line connected to a point yo=-2. 3 depicts the return loss characteristics for three different spaces L2 which makes gap between two slots.08GHz B 4.17GHz -40 0 5 Frequencies[GHz] 10 15 4.44GHz 12. 0 -5 -10 Return Loss[dB] -15 -20 B=L2=1 mm -25 C=L2=2 mm -30 A=L2=0 mm A B C 15 -35 0 5 Frequencies[GHz] 10 Fig.

Papapolymerou. Therefore. J. Tsai.. 2. 8. Nov. REFERENCES [1] Jun Zhao. UK Fig. a novel multi-band antenna structure for sensor network is proposed for a quintuple band application. Correia. pp. Loughborough. C. further investigations in this paper are necessary in order to improve the band width. N.17 GHz.1356-1359. For extending of this concept. In case of A type with a symmetrical trapezoidal slots. [5] M. 2007. the resonant frequencies are 4. 2385-2388. 11. J.. pp. 4-7 June 2007 [4] P. "Design and Development of Novel Micromachined Patch Antenna for wireless applications. 2007. no. 2003. Tsimenidis.23 GHz. Tentzeris. 149-152. Also a common resonant central frequency in all cases is 10. S Raman. [2] E. 2002. Of 2002 APMC. C. J. M. 4. Symp.46 GHz. S. Mendes. Aug. pp. ISIE 2007. As a result. vol." Industrial Electronics. 104 . H. M. a novel multi-band antenna structure with slots is proposed for UWB antenna... "A 2. Antennas Propag.. A. J. Couto. no. the numbers of multi-band and antenna’s efficiency for applications of sensor network. P. 667-670. pp. M.44 GHz. Afonso. Y. B." Proc. C-band and X-band. Burghartz. vol." IEEE AP-S Int. H. It is also observed that the triple or quadruple band of the proposed antenna is increased to quintuple band by the two trapezoidal slots. "Probe Fed Stacked Patch Antenna for Wideband Applications. 821-824.2008 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference 17-18 March 2008. and 12. JAPAN [3] Carmo. pp. Mbacon. Sharif. M. J. vol. "An Integrated Chip-Scale Active Antenna for 5-6 GHz Wireless Microsystems. IEEE International Symposium on . As a result. CONCLUSIONS In this paper. C. Mendes. Cband and X-band.. It is shown that the possibility of on-chip antenna integration with circuitry. Bartek. "Design and Analysis of a 6 GHz Chip Antenna on Glass Substrates for Integration with RF/Wireless Microsystems. Correia. Return loss of the on-chip antennas with trapezoidal slots.. 10.23 GHz.. Kyoto. the coaxially fed on-chip antenna with two different materials which were tested for antenna substrate has been proposed. 8.. 55. a novel multi-band antenna structure for sensor network is proposed for a quintuple band application." RAWCON 2002." IEEE Trans. A. 2002. P.4-GHz wireless sensor network for smart electronic shirts integration.17 GHz. Matin. J.