00
h m 12.80
Course Course Product Minimum Allowable Joint calc. Installed measured Minimal Integrity
No. height height Yield Stress Efficiency t thickness thickness thickness check
Y factor Factor incl. CA per DEP
Tank diameter D m 24.40 [m] [m] [ N/mm2] k [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
Tank height H m 13.20
Design pressure P
d mbar 20.00
No. shell courses 7
top 7 1.89 1.49 210 0.667 1.00 1.19 6.00 6.00 3.00 OK
6 1.89 3.37 210 0.667 1.00 2.80 6.00 6.00 3.00 OK
5 1.89 5.26 210 0.667 1.00 4.41 6.00 6.00 4.41 OK
4 1.89 7.14 210 0.667 1.00 6.02 7.00 7.00 6.02 OK
3 1.89 9.03 210 0.667 1.00 7.62 8.00 8.00 7.62 OK
2 1.89 10.91 210 0.667 1.00 9.23 10.00 10.00 9.23 OK
bottom 1 1.89 12.80 210 0.667 1.00 10.84 11.00 11.00 10.84 OK
13.20
kg/l 0.75
h m 12.80
Course Course Product Minimum Allowable Joint calc. Installed measured Minimal Integrity
No. height height Yield Stress Efficiency t thickness thickness thickness check
Y factor Factor incl. CA per DEP
[m] [m] [ N/mm2] k [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
top 7 1.89 1.49 210 0.67 1.00 0.93 6.0 6.0 3.00 OK
6 1.89 3.37 210 0.67 1.00 2.14 6.0 6.0 3.00 OK
5 1.89 5.26 210 0.67 1.00 3.35 6.0 6.0 3.35 OK
k=0.67 (new) or 0.8(fit for purpose) 4 1.89 7.14 210 0.67 1.00 4.55 7.0 7.0 4.55 OK
3 1.89 9.03 210 0.67 1.00 5.76 8.0 8.0 5.76 OK
2 1.89 10.91 210 0.67 1.00 6.97 10.0 10.0 6.97 OK
bottom 1 1.89 12.80 210 0.67 1.00 8.18 11.0 11.0 8.18 OK
Product density
Max fill height
Company
Tank Id
Design code
Product conditions:
S = maximum allowable stress in N/mm2 (see 5.7)
E = joint efficiency factor
H = height from the lower edge of the course under
consideration to the top of the shell in metres
D = nominal diameter of tank in metres
p = design pressure in mbar (ga)
CA = corrosion allowance in mm (for special cases only, to be
specified in requisition; normally zero)
w = maximum density of product to be stored in g/ml (a value
of 1.00 shall be used even where the product to be stored is
lighter)
Tank shell fit for purpose calculations
The following formula is used in calculating the
required minimal thickness of shell courses:
Shell Material
Hydrotestic test conditions: Water density
Filling height
( ) CA p h
E S
D
t
D
+ + = ) 3 . 0 .( . 98
. . 20
min
T52
Calculation for compression area as required (BS2654, section 8.5.2) :
D m 24.40
R m 12.20
H m 13.20
p mbar 20.00
Vw m/s 45.00
S
c N/mm
2
120.00 unless other wise specified
t
r mm 5.00
kg/m3 7850.00
L mbar 3.93 kg/m2 39.25
slope degr 11.30 slope 1:5
A
r mm
2
4989 , with p less roof weight
Calculation for section area as avaialble :
WT Roofplates t
r mm 5.00 Wh = 335 mm
WT Top Course t
s mm 6.00 Wc = 162 mm
Radius of roof curvature R
2 m 62.27
Area D (Roof Wh) A
D mm
2
1674
b h WT
150 150 10 A
T1 mm
2
2900 approx.
A
T1 mm
2
0
A
C mm
2
974
A
a mm
2
5548
Conclusion :
Maximum internal pressure
Pd mbar 24.5 See API650, section F.4.1. Maximum design pressure
Allowable compressive stress
Roofplate thickness (annular)
SG(density) of steel
deadload roof plates
Required compression area
Available compression area (A
ac
=A
D
+A
n
+A
C
)
Aa>Ar, LProfile is OK!
Area of angle 2
Area C (shell Wc)
Tank height
Design windspeed
Area of angle 1
Design pressure
TopCurb Angle
Roof slope
Compression Ring calculations
Tank radius
Tank diameter
) ( .
. . 50
2
u TAN S
R p
A
C
=
Roofslope 1:5
W
c
Top Curb 1
Top Curb 2
Radius
WTshell
see BS2654, section 7.3.2.7
Tank diameter D m 24.40
Tank height H m 13.20
design wind speed V
w m/s 45.00
design vacuum V
a mbar 6.00
Calc. Factor K  8.883
Top course thicknessCA t
min m 6.00
Course Course Course H
e Cummel.
No. height thickness Transposed
h
c
[m] t [mm] [m] width [m]
top
7 1.89 6.00 1.89 8.80
6 1.89 6.00 1.89 6.91
5 1.89 6.00 1.89 5.03
4 1.89 7.00 1.28 3.14
3 1.89 8.00 0.92 1.86
2 1.89 10.00 0.53 0.94
bottom 1 1.89 11.00 0.41 0.41
sum(transposed) 8.80 HE
Max permitted spacing (unstiffed) 6.499 Hp (H1)
Min. No. of secondary wind girders required 1.00
No. of windgirders installed 2 OK!
Tank diameter
(m)
MIN Stiffener
(mm)
Wind Load Condition
Design vacuum
DEP 70.51.10.11Gen.Use for Va: 2.5 mbar (ga) for nonpressure fixed roof
tanks; 5.0 mbar (ga) for open top floating roof tanks; 6.0 mbar (ga) for low
and high pressure fixed roof tanks / BS2654, section 7.3.2.6 Use for Va: 5
mbar (ga) for nonpressure; 8.5 mbar for other
Other shapes with equivalent section
modulus may be used. The section
modulus may include a portion of the
shell for a distance of 16 times shell plate
thickness above and below the stiffener.
48 > D 200 x 100 x 12
125 x 75 x 8
D s 20 100 x 65 x 8
20 < D s 36
36 < D s 48 150 x 90 x 10
5
min

.

\

=
t
t
h H
course e
=
e E
H H
a w
v V
K
580 563 . 3
95000
2
+
=


.

\

=
3
5
min
D
t
K H
p
Data Given :
7.6 m 25 ft
7.6 m 25.0 ft
347 m
3
2185 barrels
Low Pressure Low Pressure
20 mbar 8.03 inch w.c.
6 mbar 2.41 inch w.c.
176
o
C 349
o
F
80 m
3
/hour 503 barrels/h
20 m
3
/hour 126 barrels/h
N N
no no
0 mm 0 inch
1
182 m
2
1964 ft
SCFH = Standard Cubic Feet of air per Hour
(1) Normal outbreathing (Pressure relief) requirements:
Required venting capacity for normal pressure relief due to pumpingin
Required capacity= (6xSCFH )x(Max pumpin rate)
Required capacity= 3018 SCFH
Required venting capacity for normal pressure relief due to thermal outbreathing
see table IIcollumn 3 of API2000, 2.4.2 for product with flash point >100
o
F (INTERMEZZOI)
Required capacity= 1312 SCFH air
Total required normal pressure relief capacity
= 3018 + 1312 = 4330 SCFH air
123 m
3
/hour
(2) Normal inbreathing (Vacuum relief) requirements:
Required venting capacity for normal vacuum relief due to pumpingout
Required capacity= (5.6 SCFH)x(Max pumpout rate)
Required capacity= 704 SCFH
Required venting capacity for normal vacuum relief due to thermal inbreathing
see table IIcollumn 2 of API2000, 2.4.2
Required capacity= 2185 SCFH air
Correction for climate 2185 if applicable
Total required normal vacuum relief capacity
= 704 + 2185 = 2890 SCFH air
82 m
3
/hour
(3) Emergency venting
Emergency venting required in accordance with API 2000, section 4.3.3.2, Table 3
Required capacity Q= 3809 m
3
/hour (incl. the environmental factor)
134194 SCFH air
Wetted area
Insulation thicknes
Environmental factor
metric U.S.
Diameter
Max pumpout rate
Height
Max pumpin rate
Code
Design pressure
Tank insulated ?
Hot Climate
Tank capacity
Design vacuum
Flash point product
Tank Venting Calculations API2000
Data Given :
24.0 m 79 ft
14.5 m 47.4 ft
6537 m
3
41111 barrels
Low Pressure Low Pressure
20 mbar 8.03 inch w.c.
6 mbar 2.41 inch w.c.
40
o
C 40
o
F
900 m
3
/hour 5659 barrels/h
900 m
3
/hour 5659 barrels/h
N N
no no
0 mm 0 inch
1
689 m
2
7419 ft
SCFH = Standard Cubic Feet of air per Hour
(1) Normal outbreathing (Pressure relief) requirements:
Required venting capacity for normal pressure relief due to pumpingin
Required capacity= (12xSCFH )x(Max pumpin rate)
Required capacity= 67914 SCFH
Required venting capacity for normal pressure relief due to thermal outbreathing
see table IIcollumn 3 of API2000, 2.4.2 for product with flash point >100
o
F (INTERMEZZOI)
Required capacity= 34926 SCFH air
Total required normal pressure relief capacity
= 67914 + 34926 = 102840 SCFH air
2919 m
3
/hour
(2) Normal inbreathing (Vacuum relief) requirements:
Required venting capacity for normal vacuum relief due to pumpingout
Required capacity= (5.6 SCFH)x(Max pumpout rate)
Required capacity= 31693 SCFH
Required venting capacity for normal vacuum relief due to thermal inbreathing
see table IIcollumn 2 of API2000, 2.4.2
Required capacity= 34926 SCFH air
Correction for climate 34926 if applicable
Total required normal vacuum relief capacity
= 31693 + 34926 = 66619 SCFH air
1891 m
3
/hour
(3) Emergency venting
Emergency venting required in accordance with API 2000, section 4.3.3.2, Table 3
Required capacity Q= 19910 m
3
/hour (incl. the environmental factor)
701353 SCFH air
Tank insulated ?
Hot Climate
Tank capacity
Design vacuum
Flash point product
Tank Venting Calculations API2000
U.S.
Diameter
Max pumpout rate
Height
Max pumpin rate
Code
Design pressure
Wetted area
Insulation thicknes
Environmental factor
metric