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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

DETAILED PROJECT REPORT


ON USE OF SOLAR PHOTO VOLTAIC POWER PACKS 2 KVA FOR MADHYA PRADESH POLICE UNDER

CCTNS PROJECT

SUBMITTED BY State Crime Records Bureau, Police Headquarters, Bhopal (MP)


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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY INTRODUCTION OBJECTIVES SITE DETAILS TECHNICAL DETAILS & SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS BILL OF MATERIAL FINANCIAL ASPECTS

Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In Madhya Pradesh State Crime Records Bureau, Bhopal has collected the information from all the District Superintendent of Police in the State regarding non availability/intermittent supply of electricity. There are 186 Police Stations in Madhya Pradesh situated away from District Head Quarters where availability of electricity is quite scanty. However there are 130 no of police stations where there is significant power deficit. The state is deficit in energy and with ever increasing demand; it is going to worsen in the future. We already have acute crises in the form of schedule and unschedule power interruptions. The crises gets accentuated as we move down the ladder from the State Head quarter to the Divisional Head quarters, then to District Head quarters and finally to Tehsil Head quarters and villages. At times one has to go without power for as long as 16 to 18 hours. No amount of production effort of electricity appears likely to catch up with the ever increasing demand scenario. The hydel potential, already seasonal in nature, is further limited by the natural consideration. Deposits of coal are exhaustible and nuclear energy has its own limitations. We are left with the only alternative of solar & wind energy. The state of Madhya Pradesh is not blessed with a good potential of wind energy. We have an excellent potential of solar energy in the state-approximately 275 sunny days in a year. This brings us to a hybrid regime of solar & grid energy to keep our police stations well lit round the year. Under the CCTNS project it is envisaged to automate the police functioning from police stations to police head quarter. The advantages of computerization need no debate but the problem of providing uninterrupted power supply to the computing and other networking equipments to be provided under this project, is a big challenge especially in a state like Madhya Pradesh. Here solar energy comes handy. It is shining bright day in approx 275 of the 365 days of a year in our state. We take care of the remaining 90 days via hybridizing solar system with the state electricity grid and we have reasonably good solution. With ever increasing price of electricity and reducing cost of solar photo voltaic modules (SPV modules for brevity) it has now become economically viable, and also technologically feasible, to switch to nonconventional source of energy- the solar energy.
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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

We will require finance for meeting our need of solar electrical energy as all equipments for this will be procure from the market by adopting suitable purchase procedure. We have sufficient expertise in designing electrical systems to meet our needs. MPSEDC (Madhya Pradesh State Electronic Development Corporation) has designed a hybrid solar power pack to meet the desired power requirements of police stations specifically for CCTNS project. The system is indigenously designed and tested. Our financial need is the initial equipment cost and subsequent periodic replacement of batteries-once in five years. However it shall be absolutely essential to have our solar system in the hybrid mode with electricity grid for taking care of the lean season (Cloudy days).

Looking above in mind, Madhya Pradesh Police has proposed to put up 2 KVA Solar Photo Voltaic (SPV) Power Packs at 186 remote Police Stations of Madhya Pradesh for providing uninterrupted power to equipments (computers, Printing devices and Network devices) to be provided under CCTNS project.

The purpose of putting SPV Power Packs is to provide uninterrupted power to dedicated loads such as Desktop Computers, Laser Printer, Multifunctional Printer, Network Switch and other essential loads. The installation of SPV Power Packs at Police Stations will not only serve the purpose of smooth operation of CCTNS Project but will also save conventional energy and fossil fuels thereby more conventional energy will be available for other applications. The proposed SPV power packs will be procured by adopting suitable purchase procedure and as per the guidelines provided by MHA, GoI.

Financial Implications

Case-A: As already stated that there are 186 police stations of Madhya Pradesh where availability of electricity is quite scanty. MP Police propose to provide 2 KVA solar photo voltaic power pack to these police stations for providing uninterrupted power to the equipments (computers, Printing devices and Network devices) to be provided under CCTNS project.
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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

Cost of 2 KVA solar power pack for one Police Station is approximately Rs 5 - 5.5 Lacs. The subsidy component from MNRE is 50% ie =~ Rs 2.75 Lacs. So net cost of 2 KVA solar pack for one Police Station is Rs 2.75 Lacs. The net cost for providing 2 KVA solar pack in 186 Police Stations is Rs. 511.5 Lacs. Case-B: There are 130 more police stations in Madhya Pradesh where there is significant power deficit. If generators are skipped and solar power packs is provided to further enhance the solar power to these additional 130 police stations under CCTNS project. These Police Stations are also taken into consideration for providing 2 KVA Solar PV Power Packs for uninterrupted power to equipments (computers, Printing devices and Network devices) to be provided under CCTNS project. The net cost for providing 2 KVA solar pack in 130 Police Stations is Rs. 357.5 Lacs. This is the same amount allocated for DG sets in State.

Note: If A & B are implemented, then the power demand of State will be fulfilled.

Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

2. INTRODUCTION Energy from the Sun not only sustains life on earth but is also the source of almost all forms of energy used by man. Fossil fuels such as coal and oil represent solar energy that was received on earth millions of years ago and converted into other forms. Renewable sources of energy such as wind, hydropower, biomass and ocean energy are also indirect forms of solar energy. Solar energy, experienced by us as heat and light, can be used in a number of ways and for many applications. The two Principal routes and technologies of solar energy utilization are: (i) The thermal route using the heat for heating, cooling, drying, water purification and power generation; (ii) The photovoltaic route which converts the light into electricity which can then be used for a variety of purposes such as lighting, pumping, communications and refrigeration etc. Energy from Sun has many features, which make it an attractive option such as its widespread distribution, pollution-free nature and virtually inexhaustible supply. India receives solar energy equivalent to over 5,000 trillion KWh / year which is far more than the total energy consumption of the country. The daily average solar energy incident varies from 4 - 7 KWh / m2 depending upon the location. There are around 250 - 300 Sunny days in most parts of the country. If 1% of the total land area is used to generate electricity from this radiation at a net efficiency of only 1%, it will be possible to produce about 300,000 MW of power.

The potential of the solar energy in meeting the growing energy needs of the country was recognized in mid 70s. Research and development efforts in both solar thermal and photovoltaic routes were initiated. Several applications were developed and demonstrated during the 80s. These efforts received an impetus with the establishment of Ministry of New & Renewable Energy Sources (MNRE). The Ministry's programmes helped in R&D, demonstration, commercialization and utilization activities in respect of a
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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

wide variety of renewable energy technologies. The programmes are implemented through a network of state level agencies, industrial, research and academic organizations and non-governmental bodies.

India has one of the world's largest programmes in solar energy. A sizeable research and technology base, a growing manufacturing capability and a countrywide infrastructure for the distribution and after-sales service of solar energy products have emerged. Solar energy is beginning to be used for a large number of applications. Nevertheless, the achievements so far add up to only a tiny fraction of what is possible. The efforts initiated during the last few years by MNRE to restructure the programmes and giving them a market orientation are contributing significantly in accelerating the utilization of solar energy commercially in the country.

Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

3. OBJECTIVES Madhya Pradesh, the largest state of the country is endowed with rich and diverse forest resources. Lying between lat. 21 04N and long. 74 02 and 82 49E, it is a
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reservoir of biodiversity. The geographical area of the state is 308, 144 km (118, 975,sq mi) which constitutes 9.38% of the land area of the country.

Madhya Pradesh Police is a very big organization manned by a nearly fifty thousand strong force. MP Police needs to reach to the remotest of those interiors of the state that no other department would probably need to. CCTNS Project aims to the automation of all police offices in MP to meet todays ever changing scenario and ever increasing pressures on the Police system.

Many of the Police Stations are situated in extreme remote interiors and communication even in this Web-age can be extremely frustrating and painful just because of unavailability of power. Gen-sets with heavy diesel bills and a long list of negative externalities have so far been the only solution, if that can be termed as a solution.

In this context, Solar Photo Voltaic (SPV) standalone (SPPs) appear to be a tailor made solution to make available regular power to these remotely situated Police Stations. This proposal puts out a plan to put roof top SPVs on 186 of the remotest of these Police Stations and to utilize the so generated electricity for the equipments provided under CCTNS Project. It is proposed to set up 186 nos. Solar PV Standalone type Power Packs 2 KVA at Police Stations spread all over Madhya Pradesh. The power from the PV plant is natural and reliable power source. Further the quantum and availability of sunlight in M.P. is excellent to prompt the implementation of such a project. The success of such projects has already been established, as number of projects has been installed and working satisfactorily. Project going on in Forest department of MP is a good example of this.
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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

Ministry of New & Renewable Energy Sources, Govt. of India has launched a scheme Implementation of Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) Programme during FY 2009-10 in order to: 1) To promote the use of SPV systems for lighting and various other applications in the country. 2) To create awareness & demonstrate effective and innovative use of SPV Systems. 3) To save diesel for power generation. 4) To reduce burden on conventional electricity.

Solar PV Power Packs 2 KVA Power Packs are proposed with an objective to attain following benefits:

Providing uninterrupted power to the equipments provided under CCTNS Project. Saving of precious fossil fuels. Noiseless, pollution free and Eco-friendly power. Saving of revenue. Can work as a demonstration project for further expansion of PV technology all over the country.

Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

4. SITE DETAILS The proposed 2 KVA Solar PV Power Packs for 186 Police Stations, shall be installed at following locations:
S. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 Zone Gwalior Range Gwalior District Shivpuri Sub Division Shivpuri Police Station Satanwara Subhashpura Bamhari Sirsod Surwaya Amola Pohari Berad Goverdhan Charch Gopalpura Kolaras Badarwas Indar Rannod Tendua Karera Sehore Dinara Narwar Jigna Picchore Mayapur Khaniyadhana Bamorkala Bhonti Lahar Daboh Aswar Alampur Mihona Ron Bhind Dehat Ater Surpura Phoop Pawai Barohi Gohad Gohadchouraha Mow Amayan

Addl SP

Pohari

Kolaras

Karera

Picchore

Chambal

Chambal

Bhind

Lahar

Bhind Ater

Gohad

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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project S. No 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 Zone Range District Sub Division Police Station Malanpur Endori Mehgaon Baraso Bharoli Gormi Uamari Nayagaon Sarai Chhola Mata Basaiya Dimini Sihonia Ambah Porsa Nagra Mahua Banmore Noorabad Rithore Sumaoli Jourea Bagchini Deogarh Kailaras Pahargarh Nirar Chinnoni Sabalgarh Rampur Tetara Vijaipur Gaswani Chilwani Agra Palampur Bagarada Virpur Ochhapura Baroda Awada Karhal Bargawan Sheopur Manpur Dhondhri Raghunathpur

Mehgaon

DSP HQ Chambal Chambal Morena Morena Ambah

Banmore

Jourea

Kailaras

Sabalgarh

Chambal

Chambal

Sheopur

Vijaipur

Virpur Baroda

Sheopur

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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project S. No 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 Zone Chambal Range Chambal District Datia Sub Division Datia Police Station Chirula Goraghat Unao Basai Badoni Sinawal Dursada Seondha Tharet Indergarh Atreta Bhauapura Dheerpura Lanch Dirolipar Bhander Sarsai Pandokher Godam Ranapur Kalidevi AJK Jhabua Meghnagar Thandla Petlawad Raipuria Kakanwani Kalayanpura Bori Jobet Ambua Bhabra Udaigarh Kathiwada Alirajpur Chandpur Sorwa Sandwa Nanpur Bakhatgarh Morwa Bargawan Manda Chitrangi Jiyawan Garhwa Sarai

Seondha

Bhander

Indore

Indore

Jhabua

Jhabua DSP AJK Thandla

Indore

Indore

Alirajpur

Jobat

Alirajpur

Rewa

Rewa

Singrauli

Singrauli

Deosar

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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project S. No 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 Zone Range District Sub Division Vindhya Nagar Shahdol Shahdol Umaria DSP HQ Umaria Police Station Vindhyanagar Waidhan Indwar Manpur Chandia Nowrrozabad Pali Kotma Bijuri Bhalumada Chachai Anuppur Jaithari Amarkantak Karnapathar Rajendra Gram Dehat (Navegaon) Bharweli Baihar Roopjhar Malajkhand Birsa Garhi Lamta Changotaola Paraswada Lanji Hatta Bahela Kirnapur Waraseoni Ramapaili Tirodi Lalburra Maharajpur Bichhiya Bamhani Nainpur Khatiya Niwas Bijadandi Tikariya

Shahdol

Shahdol

Anuppur

Kotma

Anuppur

Balaghat

Balaghat

Balaghat

Balaghat Baihar

Lanji

Waraseoni

Balaghat

Balaghat

Mandla

Mandla SP Mandla Adl SP Mandla Niwas

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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186

Balaghat

Balaghat

Dindori

Dindori

DSP Dindori

Shahpur Bajag Karnjiya Samnapur Motinala Mawai Shahpura Ghughari Mohgaon

However there are 130 Number of Police Stations are more where there is significant power deficit. These Police Stations are also taken into consideration for providing 2 KVA Solar PV Power Packs for uninterrupted power to equipments (computers, Printing devices and Network devices) to be provided under CCTNS project.
SN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Zone Hoshangabad Range Hoshangabad Distt. Hoshangabad Police Station Shivpur Rampur Gurra Tawanagar Rahatgaon Chhipabad Handiya Mohda Bijadehi Jhallar Bhainsdehi Bamhori Bharkachh Bherawgarh Kaytha Makdon Narver Piplarawa Tonkkhurd Barotha Kantaphod Akodiya Salsali Kalapipal Barod Nalkhada Bhaugarh Afzalpur Garoth Malhargarh Pipaliya Mandi

Harda

Betul

Raisen Ujjain Ujjain Ujjain

Dewas

Shajapur

Ratlam

Mandsaur

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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project SN 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 Zone Range Distt. Ratlam Police Station Ringnoad Kalukheda Tal Namli Bajna Baghana Jeeran Singoli Rampura Jaitpur Deolong Amlai Burhar Dhanpuri Kotwali Anuppur Bhanwarpura Gijora Belgarha Behat Aron Gopalpur Bamori Sirsi Jamner Kachnar Nai Sarai Bahadurpur Uamari Sarsai Magrda Surkhi Gorjhamar Sanodha Amasod Saneh Batiagarh Hindoria Jabera Harpalpur Ishanagar Nehra/ Banshia Goyra Baldeogarh Lidhora Teharka Amanganj Brijpur Raipura

Neemuch

Shahdol

Shahdol

Shahdol

Gwalior

Gwalior

Anuppur Gwalior

Shivpuri Guna

Ahoknagar

Sagar

Sagar

Bhind Datia Sheopur Sagar

Damoh

Chhatarpur

Chhatarpur

Tikamgarh

Panna

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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project SN
79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130

Zone
Jabalpur

Range
Jabalpur

Distt.
Jabalpur

Police Station
Majholi Belkheda Barela Chargawa Barhi Bahoriband Lodhikhera Mohkhed Batkakhapa Lawaghoghari Kotwali Themi Chichli Saikheda Ari Kanhiwara Dhuma Dhanora Betma Sanwer Dhar Mandaw Dahi Gandhwani Chainpur Maingaon Bhagwan Pura Karhi Kasrawad Varla Pati Khetiya Ozar Nimbola Khaknar Mawai Motinala Ghughri Mohgaon Ahmadpur Jawar Shahganj Bilkhiria Gunga Parwalia Sadak Bhojpur Kalipith Machalpur Dehat (Vidisha) Gyaraspur Deepnakheda Unarshikalam

Katni Chhindwara Chhindwara

Narsinghpur

Seoni

Indore

Indore

Indore Dhar

Khargone

Khargone

Badwani

Burhanpur Mandla

Bhopal

Bhopal

Sehore

Bhopal

Rajgarh

Vidisha

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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

5. TECHNICAL DETAILS & SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS Load Calculation: Under the CCTNS project every police station has to be equipped with 4 Desktop computers, 1 Multi functional printer, Laser printer, network switch (unmanaged) etc. Power requirement (Aprox.) for these equipments: Watts 200 W Qty. 4 1 Total Load 800 W 250 W Hours / Day 8 5 KWh / Day 6400 1250

Type of Load Computers

Multi Function 250 W Printer Other Equipments Total 250 W

250 W

1000

1300 W

8650

Block Diagram of Solar PV AC Hybrid Power Plant

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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

Technical Details of Power Pack

Energy Source Both Solar & Grid Available

: Solar & Grid Power : Solar supports load & battery charging for installed capacity & balance power from Grid : Solar supports load for installed capacity & balance load operates through battery : Battery runs load for specified hours of backup : 2 KVA : 8 ~ 24 hours as per requirement

Solar available & Grid Failure

Both Solar & Grid Failed

Power Pack Capacity Backup Power

Technical Details of Solar Panel Mono / Multi Crystalline Silicon Cell Solar Panel of the capacity up to 200 Wp High Conversion Efficiency Low Mismatch Losses Excellent performance over the span of 25 years life.

Technical Details of Battery Bank VRLA / TUBULAR Lead Acid 12V or 2V cells Nominal Capacity : 300 Ah Charge Efficiency more than 90% Self discharge less than 4% under STC (Standard Test Conditions ) High Cyclic Time Operating : 0 C to 50C No Thermal Runaway Lead plated copper terminals for high conductivity

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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

Technical Details of Charge Controller Unit PWM (Pulse Width Modulator ) type Microprocessor based controls 3 stage charging Boost, Float & Equalization Efficiency more than 95% Idel current less than 10 mA Temperature compensation DC : 42-52 V Charging Current Capacity : 5A to 60A Protections : Overcharge, Reverse Polarity, Short Circuit, Over Current, Deep Indications : Charging, Full Charge & Low battery Optional Features : Inbuilt Load Controller for DC loads, RS 232 compatibility,

Technical Details of Inverter DSP (Digital Signal Processor ) / Microprocessor based PWM (Pulse Width Pure Sine Wave output Output Voltage Regulation : 2% Efficiency more than 90% Total Harmonic Distortion less than 3% High Overload Capability at switching. Better tolerance for Battery DC Volts Minimum Acoustic Noise Protections: Overload, Low Battery, Short circuit, Surge, Reverse polarity, Optional Features - Digital Display, Alarms 1 Phase Type Off Line / On Line Capacity 2 KVA Volt 48 V Output Volt 230 VAC / 50 Hz Technical Details of Panel Mounting Structure & Accessories Fabricated with Angles, Channels, Round & Rectangle Pipes MS with Hot Dip Galvanized coating Designed suitable for Easy transportation & installations at site Sturdy designs suitable to any worst climatic conditions Cables, Distribution box, Junction Box, Switches, MCB, ELCB, Glands, Hardware As per international standards.

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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

Constructive Characteristics of Solar Panel Cells Contacts Laminate Front Face Back Face Frame Junction boxes : Mono/Multi crystalline silicon cells : Full length solder dipped & Electroplated : EVA : Anti-reflective structured tempered glass : Multi layer laminate of Tedlar material : Anodized aluminum : IP 65 class : 2 core PVC Insulated Cable

Cables and connectors Diodes Civil Work

: Includes schottkey by pass diodes

Civil work shall include work related with foundation for installation of module mounting structures.

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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

6. BILL OF MATERIAL
The bill of material for 2 KVA SPV Power Pack is as under S. No. 1. Description of item Solar PV Modules 200 Wp (10 Penal ) Unit Set -1 (2 KVA) Quantity 10 No of Penal required for 2 KVA capacity 01 Set 01 no. 01 no. 01 no. As per site requirement 01 set

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Mounting Structure Charge Controller Unit Inverter Array Junction Box Wires and Cables Battery Bank (48 V, 300 AH)

Set Nos. Nos. No. Set Set

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Detailed Project Report for Providing Solar Power Pack Under CCTNS Project

7. FINANCIAL ASPECTS

Project Cost The cost per system including of supply, installation, commissioning and 5 year maintenance is Rs 5- 5.5 Lacs. Subsidy from MNRE 50 % i.e. Rs 2.75 Lacs per system Net cost to M.P. Police : Rs 2.75 Lacs per system

Financial Implications Case-A: As already stated that there are 186 police stations of Madhya Pradesh where availability of electricity is quite scanty. MP Police propose to provide 2 KVA solar photo voltaic power pack to these police stations for providing uninterrupted power to the equipments (computers, Printing devices and Network devices) to be provided under CCTNS project.

The net cost for providing 2 KVA solar pack in 186 Police Stations is Rs. 511.5 Lacs. Case-B: There are 130 more police stations in Madhya Pradesh where there is significant power deficit. If generators are skipped and solar power packs is provided to further enhance the solar power to these additional 130 police stations under CCTNS project. These Police Stations are also taken into consideration for providing 2 KVA Solar PV Power Packs for uninterrupted power to equipments (computers, Printing devices and Network devices) to be provided under CCTNS project. The net cost for providing 2 KVA solar pack in 130 Police Stations is Rs. 357.5 Lacs.

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