United Nations Tanzania

Delivering as One Results 2011-2013
Contributing to the UN Normative Agenda

In the two years since the UN Development Assistance Plan (UNDAP) was launched, the UN agencies operating in Tanzania—resident and non-resident—have collaborated on a range of initiatives, working with national partners to establish a strong foundation for the realisation of the agreed UNDAP programme outcomes, including those in pursuit of the UN’s global normative agenda. Here are just some of the highlights...
 Decent Work, environmental and gender considerations mainstreamed across key sector plans and policies for jobrich dividends and reduced poverty levels. 10 MDAs and 24 LGAs on mainland Tanzania incorporated employment and decent work in their Medium Term Expenditure Frameworks, five districts undertook performance reviews of environment expenditure and revisions to the National Trade Policy incorporated a gender perspective.  Gender Responsive Budgeting tools and practices, including monitoring systems to track performance of interventions such as sector gender budget statements, utilised by the two legislatures, Ministry of Finance and local government.  Specific provisions for promotion of Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment integrated in the development of the Natural Gas Policy, the design of the Agricultural Sector Development Programme-Phase II and awarenessraising on the Domestic Worker's Convention No. 189.  Gender and human rights mainstreamed in HIV programming across national, district and community levels. National Gender Operational Plans for HIV at district and community level implemented, including measures to address GBV and HIV.  Internationally agreed disaster management gender and human rights standards incorporated into revised National Operational Guidelines, ensuring more effective assistance to the most vulnerable sectors of affected populations in times of emergency.  Elimination of Female Genital Mutilation in Tanzania progressed, 2012 saw a record number of girls (375) participate in alternative rites of passage with parental support. Dialogue and training resulted in pledges by Kurya cultural elders to stop the practice by 2015.  Kadhi’s Court Bill drafted to address women’s rights in marriage, inheritance and divorce, removing significant bottlenecks.  Legal aid services delivered to 1,685 women and children survivors of Sexual Gender Based Violence in legal aid clinics and 123 women in paralegal units. 11 related cases won, 6 clients’ properties restored and 4 reconciliations successfully concluded.
Reforming the Justice System from Within - In Pursuit of Justice for Women Upon mutual agreement to file for divorce, Joseph and Neema appeared at the Primary Court and stated their case. Before being able to finalize the necessary steps, Joseph died. His brother, Tumaini, keen to inherit his brother’s property took the case in Joseph’s name and divorced Neema in the Primary Court. The Court ruled that Neema should be granted a meagre inheritance of twelve cows; against which Tumaini appealed to the District Court. The magistrate at the District Court had undergone the UN supported TAWJA Jurisprudence in Equality training. This equips judicial officers to apply International Women’s Rights and Human Rights instruments to the daily jurisprudence of the Court. Drawing on the knowledge gained, the magistrate ruled that the divorce was fraudulent and granted Neema all the matrimonial property as enshrined in her rights as a spouse.

 National Plan of Action for the Prevention and Response to Violence against Children 2013-2016 launched, capturing key MDA commitments to address violence against children, includes: finalisation of regulations and guidelines for the Law of the Child Act, scale-up of the child protection system in 30 LGAs by 2016; roll-out of medical management to 16 districts and review of the Education Act of 1978 to include and enforce child protection issues.  100% of children appearing in the country’s juvenile court enjoyed full legal representation; 100% of children in Segerea and Keko prisons and Upanga Detention Home received legal information. 200+ children consequently released from detention, following the dismissal of their cases or their acquittal, 32 children bailed, cases expedited and the number of children held at Keko Remand Prison and Upanga Retention Home reduced.

 First community rehabilitation scheme for young offenders in Tanzania launched in Dar es Salam, ensuring children are only detained as a last resort. Twenty-eight children have already been diverted from detention or given a non custodial sentence.  Cultural rights successfully strengthened in the field of Intangible Cultural Heritage through the creation of a national inventory with the involvement of custodian communities. Files developed for nomination into the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and to the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding, thereby ensuring their protection for future generations.  A centralised database containing statistical data on victims of trafficking established, enabling a coordinated response by trained stakeholders for effective prevention and prosecution of trafficking as well as tailored assistance to victims.

The Universal Periodic Review: An Opportunity to Enhance Rights Based Development Results In 2011, Tanzania underwent its first Universal Periodic Review (UPR) conducted by the United Nations Human Rights Council. This provided a valuable opportunity to address long-standing human rights issues in the country. The UN at the request of government, under the leadership of the Resident Coordinator and supported by an inter-agency framework, provided the required technical support to both State and civil society actors. As a result, the UPR process became viewed as a credible process, representing the genuine views of Tanzanians. The recommendations provide a powerful framework to take forward human rights reform in Tanzania and for policy-makers and development partners to draw upon in advocacy, policy and programming initiatives

 2,000 Somali Bantu refugees verified: naturalization applications of 1,272 individuals under process with remaining individuals awaiting National Eligibility procedures. As a result of an extraordinary National Eligibility Commission session, another 299 individuals recommended for naturalization. By 2013 end, 1,571 individuals will have acquired Tanzanian citizenship.  Government equipped to produce and effectively implement/monitor its National Human Rights Action Plan. Comprehensive analysis by the UN, included recommendations to align with relevant sector reform programmes (eg child justice) and addition of an action to review the National Policy on Indigenous Peoples. Ongoing support provided for operationalisation of the M&E framework.  UN submission to the Committee of the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR), prior to review of the United Republic of Tanzania's periodic State report. Key observations—relating to maternal mortality, People Living with HIV, corporal punishment of children and domestication of the Covenant into national law— included in the Committee’s concluding observations  Representatives from the Commission of Human Rights and Good Governance and partner NGOs apply CESCR concluding observations and other Human Rights Treaty Body processes in advocacy at national levels.

Mwasapi Kihongosi, one of the leading youth activists in the fight against Violence Against Women about to mount the Caravan for Change, as part of 16 Days of Activism (Photo: Laura Beke/UN Women)

 Legal protection and documentation offered to refugees, including for those in prison. 100% of new born babies issued with birth notifications, 100% of refugees registered and dialogue to resolve legal bottlenecks with Government initiated.

Phone: (+255) 22 2602884 Fax: (+255) 22 2602802 Website: http://tz.one.un.org.

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