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Abstract Mark Anthony’s speech in the play titled ‘Julius Caesar ’is an example of one of the best speeches and using lots of rhetorical devices. In this play, the speech is being delivered by Mark Anthony at funeral of his friend Julius caeser. Who was also the king of Roman Empire. Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears is the first line of this famous and often-quoted speech by Mark Antony in the play Julius Caesar, by William Shakespeare. It is taken from Act III, scene II. This is one of the most famous speeches in history and is often used to draw inspirations for lots of political speeches. Transcript of speech
Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears; I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him. The evil that men do lives after them; The good is oft interred with their bones: So let it be with Caesar. The noble Brutus Hath told you Caesar was ambitious: If it were so, it was a grievous fault; And grievously hath Caesar answer'd it. Here, under leave of Brutus and the rest,— For Brutus is an honourable man; So are they all, all honourable men,— Come I to speak in Caesar's funeral. He was my friend, faithful and just to me: But Brutus says he was ambitious; And Brutus is an honourable man. He hath brought many captives home to Rome, Whose ransoms did the general coffers fill: Did this in Caesar seem ambitious? When that the poor have cried, Caesar hath wept: Ambition should be made of sterner stuff: Yet Brutus says he was ambitious; And Brutus is an honourable man. You all did see that on the Lupercal I thrice presented him a kingly crown, Which he did thrice refuse: was this ambition? Yet Brutus says he was ambitious; And, sure, he is an honourable man. I speak not to disprove what Brutus spoke, But here I am to speak what I do know. You all did love him once,—not without cause:
Mark Anthony’s speech What cause withholds you. For if you should. I should do Brutus wrong and Cassius wrong. 2 . Have patience. Bequeathing it as a rich legacy Unto their issue. 'Twas on a Summer's evening. And. I rather choose To wrong the dead. And dip their napkins in his sacred blood. O masters. then. And none so poor to do him reverence. I must not read it. to read the will? Then make a ring about the corpse of Caesar. hearing the will of Caesar. to mourn for him?— O judgment. But here's a parchment with the seal of Caesar. what would come of Will you be patient? will you stay awhile? I have o'ershot myself to tell you of it: I fear I wrong the honorable men Whose daggers have stabb'd Caesar. being men. prepare to shed them now. I do not mean to read. It will inflame you. And men have lost their reason!—Bear with me. but men. But yesterday the word of Caesar might Have stood against the world: now lies he there. You are not wood. 'Tis good you know not that you are his heirs. And. you are not stones.— Which. gentle friends. And let me show you him that made the will. O. then. It is not meet you know how Caesar loved you. pardon me. it will make you mad. are honourable men: I will not do them wrong.—'tis his will: Let but the commons hear this testament. And I must pause till it come back to me. dying. thou art fled to brutish beasts. you all know.— And they would go and kiss dead Caesar's wounds. You all do know this mantle: I remember The first time ever Caesar put it on. and you. mention it within their wills. if I were disposed to stir Your hearts and minds to mutiny and rage.— I found it in his closet. Shall I descend? and will you give me leave? If you have tears. You will compel me. Yea. I do fear it. My heart is in the coffin there with Caesar. beg a hair of him for memory. to wrong myself. in his tent. Who. Then I will wrong such honourable men.
my countrymen! Then I. Ingratitude.org/wiki/Mark_Antony) Background of speech Julius Caesar has been murdered. O you gods. in his mantle muffling up his face.wikipedia. marr'd. I perceive. known to historians today as the Second Triumvirate. Whilst bloody treason flourish'd over us. in this place ran Cassius' dagger through: See what a rent the envious Casca made: Through this the well-beloved Brutus stabb'd. and. Even at the base of Pompey's statue. After Caesar's assassination. Mark how the blood of Caesar follow'd it.Mark Anthony’s speech That day he overcame the Nervii. commonly known in English as Mark Antony (January 14. Look. or no. and you. now you weep. you feel The dint of pity: these are gracious drops. as you see. Background of speaker Marcus Antonius. As a military commander and administrator. and all of us fell down. great Caesar fell. what a fall was there. with traitors. he was an important supporter and loyal friend of his mother's cousin Julius Caesar. more strong than traitors' arms. Antony formed an official political alliance with Octavian (the future Augustus) and Lepidus. And as he pluck'd his cursed steel away. was a Roman politician and general. Quite vanquish'd him: then burst his mighty heart. as you know. how dearly Caesar loved him! This was the most unkindest cut of all. weep you when you but behold Our Caesar's vesture wounded? Look you here. For when the noble Caesar saw him stab. (http://en. And. was Caesar's angel: Judge. to be resolved If Brutus so unkindly knock'd. in danger himself. Which all the while ran blood. 83 BC – August 1. 3 . Here is himself. O. wanted to revenge Caesar's death. 30 BC).— As rushing out of doors. He was able to convince Brutus. what. O. For Brutus. Kind souls. His close friend Mark Antony.
He got the permission to speak in public the memorial speech for Caesar Arguments by the Mark Antony • Antony persuades his countrymen to mutiny against Brutus and other but never referring to them as conspirators “Yet Brutus says he was ambitious.Mark Anthony’s speech one of the conspirants .” Personification “I come to bury Caesar. “But yesterday the word of Caesar might have stood against the world." Rhetorical devices used: Pathos Pathos is one of three main rhetorical devices. Logos is based on logic and pathos is based on emotional pleas. He first connects with them calling them friends and brothers.” Personification is relating non living things to living things.” • He reminds people of Caesar’s kindness and bravery "To every Roman citizen he gives. that they mustn't fear him. The good is often interred with their bones. “What cause with hold you then to mourn for him?” is Antony’s first rhetorical question. Ethos is the ability of a speaker to gain agreement based upon his reputation. He then begins again. He immediately answers and then gives the crowd time to talk. now lies he there. Here good and evil are being treated same way. The evil that men do lives after them. to every several man seventy-five drachmas” • He convinces people that Caesar was not ambititious "I thrice presented him [Caesar] a kingly crown which he did thrice refuse. not to praise him. And Brutus is an honourable man. The others being ethos and logos. 4 . And none so poor to do him reverence.
with each of which it is understood differently. 5 . The best part about these lines is that Mark Antony raises the curiosity of the people. prepare to shed them now. being men. For if you should. what would come of Will you be patient? Will you stay awhile? I have o'ershot myself to tell you of it: I fear I wrong the honourable men Whose daggers have stabb'd Caesar. It will inflame you. but men. it will make you mad. Antony uses a Syllepsis: use of a word with two others. to read the will? Then make a ring about the corpse of Caesar. It is not meet you know how Caesar loved you. Favourite part of the speech: Have patience. And let me show you him that made the will. you are not stones. then. 'Tis good you know not that you are his heirs.” In this original statement of grievance. I must not read it. He is going to read the will anyways but is playing with the crowd to draw their attention and increase the impact of the will.Mark Anthony’s speech Repetition of the phrase He uses the phrase “Yet Brutus is a an honourable man” again and again Syllepsis “So let it be with Caesar. You will compel me. You are not wood. hearing the will of Caesar. O. gentle friends. The noble Brutus Hath told you Caesar was ambitious If it were so. Shall I descend? And will you give me leave? If you have tears. And grievously hath Caesar answer’d it. it was a grievous fault. I do fear it. And. He wants them to give their full attention as he is moving towards the most important part of his speech.
edu/jtomlins/rhetorical_devices._Romans.org/ais/speechan.htm http://facstaff.org/wiki/Mark_Antony http://www._countrymen._lend_me_your_ears http://psychology.htm 6 .bloomu.htm http://en.com/od/apastyle/a/apa-format-essay.wikipedia.ibiblio.wikipedia.Mark Anthony’s speech References http://eavice.org/wiki/Friends.com/2011/02/05/jv-rhetorical-devices-in-antonys-funerary-speech-fromshakespeares-julius-caesar/ http://en.wordpress.about.