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Multiple intelligences I



Method and techniques of English language teaching,

Technical IV Professor: Elmer Guardado, October 28, 2013

Multiple intelligences II Multiples intelligences: Multiples intelligences in the human being have different ways to be developed, depending on the method you use to learn. The brain holds without order to intricate cells hosting vital information for the person. In the brain, we can also find certain areas that belong to these intelligences that are divided into 8. These ones are: linguistic intelligence or verbal, mathematical logic, spatial, musical, kinesthesia body, the naturalist, the interpersonal and interpersonal. These intelligences, according to Howard Gardner, are in our brains and we develop them as we grow and learn.

What is intelligence? What are the multiple intelligences? What is the relationship between intelligence and learning? What are these intelligences and how we use?

When we say intelligence, we refer to the formation of ideas, opinion and the reasoning that are often cited as essential acts of intelligence, such as (faculty to understand).

Multiple intelligences III

What is intelligence?

Intelligence is the ability to reason and think about ideas or learn that the human being has and is distinguished from other living beings. To think or learn is a quality that the human being grows as you grow, and notes its environment, and your brain retains information that is used to facilitate or solve problems. Howard Gardner, a psychologist and neuroscientist who study the development of cognitive ability human being. (Gardner, 2001)

Howard Gardner defines intelligence as: The ability to solve problems in life. The ability to generate new problems to solve. The ability to develop products or offer a service that is of great value in a particular community or cultural context.

These intelligences according to Howard Gardner, all human beings are capable of knowing the world of nine different modes. According to the analysis of the eight intelligences all we are capable to know the world through the language, analysis of the logical-mathematical, spatial representation of musical ideas, the use of a body to solve problems or make things, an understanding of the other individuals and an understanding of ourselves. People learn, represent and use

Multiple intelligences IV the knowledge of many and different ways. The intelligence has different forms of development that the human being uses to learn and solve problems. (Fumerton, 2008)

This is a skill that is concerning to the human being to solve some problems. It is located on the left hemisphere of the brain called the neo cortex located at the top of the cerebral cortex. It is in charge of senior levels of thinking. In this area is positioned the logical intelligence-mathematical. This helps us to think and reason some problems of daily life. Intelligence is not, that a person has a high IQ or better, there are individuals that have a very high IQ but fail, why? Can be smart or use their intelligence lies not in that you know everything. It is not as you use your mind and each one of your senses or in this case, your brain. The brains of some small children in their childhood are collecting information and making their brain develops the skills that will be useful to solve math problems or everyday problems in their daily lives. (Goleman, 1995)

These intelligences are: INTELLIGENCE LINGUISTICS: Ability to use words effectively. Ability for the oral and written language and is an ability to use language to express thoughts, to inform or describe.

Multiple intelligences V LOGICAL INTELLIGENCE-MATH: Reasoning ability, to calculate, quantify, and resolve abstract operations. Includes the ability to establish relationships, use logical thinking, deductive, and sequential. This kind of intelligence is a characteristic of scientists, mathematicians, physicists, engineers, and accountants.

SPATIAL INTELLIGENCE: the ability to perceive visually. It displays shapes, colors, spaces. It is the ability to think in three dimensions. This kind of intelligence can be perceived in architects, painters, sculptors, surgeons, surveyors, engineers, and pilots.

MUSICAL INTELLIGENCE: the ability to perceive, discriminate, express, interpret, and compose musical forms. This is a matter of musicians, conductors, choirs, singers, and composers. PHYSICAL INTELLIGENCE-KINESTSICA: ability to communicate with the body, to manipulate and transform objects. Development of their gross motor and fine, Dancers, actors, athletes, physical education teachers, artisans, and surgeons are the ones who share this intelligence. NATURALIST INTELLIGENCE: the ability to recognize patterns of nature. Respect, enjoy, take care and are sensitive to facts of nature.

Multiple intelligences VI Ecologists, biologists, botanists, anthropologists, and agronomists share these particular traits. INTERPERSONAL INTELLIGENCE: the ability to understand, contact, to interact with other people. It is an ability to work cooperatively in a group and understand and perceive the feelings of others. Psychologists, teachers, managers, politicians, journalists, vendors, and school directors have the privilege to enjoy of this kind of intelligence. INTRAPERSONAL INTELLIGENCE: the ability to connect with yourself. Develop an understanding of their feelings and emotions; recognize their inner state. Theologians, clergy, psychologists, therapists, philosophers, and researchers are the ones who deal with this intelligence. All of these intelligences are integrated into a person in a unique way and develop in accordance with its history or culture.

What are the multiple intelligences?

Multiple Intelligences are areas of the brain, which help the human being to be able to learn and develop a different intellectual capacity. According to Howard Gardner there are 8, but recent studies by Dr.

Multiple intelligences VII Nilson Machado at the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, added a ninth intelligence that is pictorial. (Rubio, 2001) Then the intelligences or areas of the brain that helps us to understand and to learn, they have to be stimulated for a better performance of our mind. There are people with problems in your brain, for example a genetic disease, such as Down's syndrome, this disease affects some areas of the brain making the mental development of the person, and make a simple work you will complicate or you do. The science has progressed so far that there are ways to be able to help these people, with a different teaching technique. The brain of the human being has an intricate network of cells that are stimulated when we hear, see, touch, we savored or cents, and that is where our brain learns, but persons with this disease are taught with a different method to enable the person to communicate or in this case be independent. The multiples intelligences help us to be different from the rest of the people, because each individual thinks and learns different depending on the area of the brain that is stimulated much more. Howard Gardner explained that one need not be a person with a higher IQ and be the best average of the class, for which there are people with different learning abilities that are crossed out of rare or

Multiple intelligences VIII with psychological problems. This is not that human beings learn differently, depending on the method of teaching of the teacher in the classroom. (Ferber, 1995)

What is the relationship between intelligence and learning?

Learning and intelligence, you could say it is the same, why? Previously, it was thought that the intelligent being was by a good education and that the child was a gift, but the studies of the psychologist and Master Howard Gardner said that in theory learning and teaching is very different. Because we know people that we are not good for other subjects such as mathematics, language and other more, but us unconsciously we use as the mathematical logic. For example there are people who do not attend primary school, and can be counted, or masons that they have not completed a college degree and built large houses. There is no reason to be a genius to do it, but is learning that one is getting through the years and the brain is learning. There are students who have problems in some subjects or do not understand that the teacher tries to teach them, and the young man is already crossed out with a deficit of attention or with psychological

Multiple intelligences IX problems, no, the problem is that we are not all equal in what we think and learn. (laschwits, 1999)

Intelligence: Intelligence is the ability to solve problems, but it is also the ability to create new problems to solve. The intelligence takes many forms can be used depends on how the student achieves cope better in the classroom. All the intelligences have something in common that they are all indispensable for the person, but there are some that stand out better than others depending on the person that is the focus or that is what it does best. Learning: Learning is the process by which it acquires a certain skill, is assimilated information or adopting a new strategy of knowledge and action. Learning such as establishment of new temporal relationships between a being and his environment has been the subject of several empirical studies, in both animals and man. Also the programming is different for every human being, because each person is unique and their ability to think, reason, learn is different. That is why the teacher has to be focus on the learning abilities of its students so that they learn better and can flourish. (larsen-freeman, 2000)

Multiple intelligences X

What are these intelligences and how we use?

1) LANGUAGE-VERBAL: It is a quality that all the people we have, and that we develop as we grow, also this intelligence is the ability to communicate and adapt to a language or language. This intelligence is very complex that very few people can use to not only communicate but to create works of art. As stories, novels, and is used by people who understand and are fascinated by the literary reading.


The mathematical logic is one of the intelligences more complex and more used by the human being, we can use consents mind throughout our environment. It is not required to be a person with many studies to use this intelligence. Why? There are people who already have or bring this quality since they are born, there are people who don't need to take measures with a tape or a meters with only see the object or person they already have the measure, they also make very large accounts in a short time. But this intelligence is not just numbers there is also reason for ideas, problems, and to give the solution to any questions that we have.


Multiple intelligences XI Musical Intelligence is an artistic intelligence, that some neces- sary develop as quality or as a method of learning, are complex, but the fun that develops it. That practices the music, not just hears you feel the lyrics of the song up to the forehead and is expressed. There is a famous musician that i was deaf but wrote beautiful melodies by expressing your feelings and feel the world around him, he is Betoben. If I had a problem but this is what you used to your favor to make ring tones powerful until today.


The spatial intelligence is like saying that have photographic memory which only seeing a place can be observing every detail by tiny it is. This intelligence is very essential, but difficult to find, there are very few people who develop this ability to locate places, or recognize in that location are.

5) SCIENTIFIC-BODY: The body is more science that all used by persons practicing sports or dance or do some physical activities or artistic that expresses the beauty of the body. It is used as each part of your body and train to achieve great movements and

Multiple intelligences XII synchronized your body. And this ability is also used by people to be creative and express their creativity as the body sculptors.

6) INTERPERSONAL: This is the intelligence that allows us to understand the other, and you can understand or focus on the needs of this intelligence we can find it in sellers, politicians, professors or therapist.

7) INTRAPERSONAL: Intrapersonal intelligence is the one that helps us to understand ourselves; this intelligence is not associated with any specific activity. Because all the people we use to understand each other better or justify ourselves for something that we have done or learned.

8) NATURAL: With this intelligence is used when we look, we studied the nature and learn from the world around us and appreciate the changes and adaptations that has had to make the world and its inhabitants. And this intelligence is used by biologists and herbalists.

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Ferber, J. (1995). Multi-Agent System: An Introduction to Distributed Artificial Intelligence. French: ISBN 0201-36048-9.

Fumerton, M. (2008, september 22). Teora De Las Inteligencias Mltiples De Howard Gardner. Retrieved October 9, 2013, from Teora De Las Inteligencias Mltiples De Howard Gardner:

Gardner, H. (2001). inteligencias multiples e sus estimulos. Madrid: EFCA,S.A, C/Verano. 28.28850 Torrejon de Ardoz. Madrid.

Goleman, D. (1995). inteligencia hemocional. Espaa: PURESA, S.A. Girona, 139-08203 Sabadell.

larsen-freeman, D. (2000). techiques and principles in language teaching. new yourk: ISBN0194355748.

laschwits, E. M. (1999). inteligencias multiples en la edicacion de las personas. Buenos Aires Argentina: SSBN 978-950-507-570-6.

Rubio, D. F. (2001). Inteligencias Multiples. Madrid: ISBN: 84-277-1299-5.

Multiple intelligences XIV