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Term End Examination November 2012

Course : PHY101 - Modern Physics

Slot: A2+TA2
Class NBR : 3092 / 3095

Time : Three Hours


PART - A (8 X 5 = 40 Marks)
Answer any EIGHT Questions
1. a) X-rays of wavelength = 0.200 nm are aimed at a block of carbon. The scattered
x-rays are observed at an angle of 45.0 to the incident beam. Calculate the increased
wavelength of the scattered x-rays at this angle.
b) State Heisenberg uncertainty principle.

2. a) What are the characteristics of a black body radiation?
b) What is Plancks quantum hypothesis?
3. What is the principle behind scanning tunneling microscope? Explain how STM
captures images.
4. What are sensors? Explain the three essential components of a sensor device.
5. a) Explain spontaneous and stimulated emission of radiation.
b) The output of a laser has a pulse width of 30 ms and average output power of
0.6 W per pulse. If the wavelength of the laser light is 640 nm, (i) how much energy
is deposited per pulse and (ii) how many photons does each pulse contain?
6. What do you mean by population inversion? Why three levels are needed for laser
action to take place? What are the advantages of 4 level laser over 3 level laser?
7. What are the characteristics of laser radiation? Explain, in detail, about temporal
coherence and spatial coherence.
8. A standard air-filled rectangular waveguide with dimensions a = 8.636 cm,
b = 4.318 cm is fed by a 4 GHz carrier from a coaxial cable. Determine if a TE
will be propagated. If so, calculate the phase velocity and the group velocity.
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9. Differentiate the types of optical fibers based on index and mode. Distinguish between
intermodal and intramodel dispersion.
a) Write any four major advantages of optical fiber communication over other
conventional communication systems.
b) Calculate the numerical aperature and acceptance angle of fibre with a core index of
1.54 and a cladding index of 1.50.

PART B (6 X 10 = 60 Marks)
Answer any SIX Questions

11. a) Prove using Davisson-Germer experiment, electrons are wave like under certain
b) An electron is moving in a one dimensional box of infinite height and width 1 A.
Find the minimum energy of electron (h=6.6x10
Js, m
= 9.1x10

12. Obtain Schrodingers time independent and dependent wave equations.
13. What are carbon nanotubes? Discuss its unique properties and applications in various
14. What are the modes of vibrations of CO
molecule? Explain the construction and
working of a CO
laser with its energy level diagram.
15. a) Differentiate a laser amplifier with a laser oscillator.
b) Explain the working of a dye laser with the energy level diagram.
16. A rectangular waveguide with dimensions a = 2.5 cm, b = 1 cm is to operate below
15.1 GHz. How many TE and TM modes can the waveguide transmit if the guide is
filled with a medium characterized by = 0, = 4
= 1? Calculate the cutoff
frequencies of the modes.
17. Derive the relation to determine acceptance angle and numerical aperture for a ray of
light entering into an optical fiber (diagram required). Also deduce the relation between
numerical aperture and fractional index change.
18. Explain the principle and operation of LED and pn photodiode with energy level