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KJS 4253 - CAM

4/9/2013

Introduction to CAD/CAM Part 1


KJS 4253 By, Mohd Darnalis A.Rahman

Computers In Industrial Manufacturing

The role of computer in manufacturing classified into 2 groups.


1.

2.

Computer Monitoring & Control of the mfg process. Mfg support applications, which deal essentially with the preparations for actual mfg & post mfg.

darnalis '10

KJS 4253 - CAM

4/9/2013

Manufacturing Support Applications


Computer Aided Design & Drafting Computer Aided Engineering Computer Aided Manufacturing Computer Aided Process Planning Computer Aided Tool Design Computer Aided NC part programming Computer Aided Scheduling Computer Aided Material Requirement Planning

Computers In Industrial Manufacturing

The use of Computers in Manufacturing is a methodological approach for enterprise in order to improve industrial performance.

darnalis '10

KJS 4253 - CAM

4/9/2013

Product Cycle

Consider a manufacturing environment of a given product.. How does the product idea originate? Well, market forces determine the need of a product. So, expertise on the part of the company estimates the likely demand and probable profitability & decide the best mode of design & mfg the desired product.

Product Cycle
Design
Need Forecast

Product Concept

Design

Preparing Part Prints

Customer Feedback

Order Tooling

Process Planning

Order Material, Machines

Marketing

Tool Tryout

Scheduling Manufacturing Ops

Establishing Work Standards

Quality Control

Actual Production

Production

The Product Cycle in a Conventional Manufacturing Environment

darnalis '10

KJS 4253 - CAM

4/9/2013

Product Cycle (Traditionally)


After designing, parts printed & released for production. Feasibility of production is decided. Process planning is done to ascertained the lowest possible cost $$. Any redesign for the purpose of improvement & producibility of the product should be done at this stage.

Product Cycle (Traditionally)

Process plan for manufacture,


Making the required tooling Acquiring new equipments or tools. Procurement of raw materials Releasing of detailed operational instructions.

darnalis '10

KJS 4253 - CAM

4/9/2013

Computer Aided Design (CAD)

Todays CAD technology can provide an engineer or designer the necessary help in the following ways.
1. 2. 3. 4.

5.

CAD is faster & more accurate than conventional methods. Various construction facilities available in CAD model & drafting are easy to develop. Possible to manipulate various dimensions, attributes & other drawing elements. Not necessary to repeat design or drawing of any component. Could be copied digitally within seconds, including geometry manipulations Accurately calculate various geometric properties of parts. Such as area, mass, volume, interpolations, extrapolations etc.

Computer Aided Design (CAD)


6. 7.

8. 9.

Modifications & optimizations are easier and would improve the way designers work. Part Libraries, using standard components which are ready & available to the industry. Improving development time consumed. Large numbers of component can be assembled and tested for functionality. 3D visualization capabilities, giving different orientations of the parts/product. Further, eliminating the need of making the real models of products for realization & explaining the concepts to the team.

Not only this, several designers can work simultaneously on the same product and can gradually build the product in a modular fashion. Which provides the answer to the need of todays industry needs.

darnalis '10