21.

Richard Feynman

Richard Phillips Feynman [1918-1988] contributed much to the development of quantum mechanics, including what became known as Feynman diagrams, the path integral formulation, the theory of quantum electrodynamics [QED], the physics supercooled liquid helium's superfluidity, and the parton model of particle physics. He won the Nobel Prize in 1965 for QED and became one of the best known scientists in the world through his popular books and lectures about physics and about his own storied life. Among his colleagues he was perhaps better known as a beatnik and clown, always thinking up clever pranks or juggling or sitting in with any impromptu band playing bongos. Some of his other interests were painting, biology, Mayan hieroglyphics and lock-picking. He was dubbed the "Great Explainer" for two masterful lecture series on physics at Cal Tech (which were later turned into the books Six Easy Pieces and Six Not So Easy Pieces. He developed two rare forms of cancer late in his life, complaining that, "I'd hate to die twice. It's so boring." In the end, he died after surgery for only one of them.

22. Noam Chomsky

Avram Noam Chomsky [b. 1928] is one of the most notable American philosophers of any age. Professor emeritus of linguistics at MIT, and is considered a

humanist freethinker and libertarian socialist. research with Salvador Luria. I wanted to understand... anarchist. The biggest advantage to believing in God is you don't have to understand anything. Watson James Dewey Watson [b. Chomsky said in a Common Sense interview in 2002.D. and I've never seen an explanation.. active in environmentalism. It was from this association with the leaders of the "Phage Group" of molecular biologists that he became involved in the search for the nature of genes. Chomsky has iterated and refined his own theory of linguistics as a branch of cognitive psychology.. This view drew much criticism from behaviorists. in zoology from Indiana University at the age of 22.D.father of modern linguistics. "Oh. no physics. no biology. Watson was politically active in opposition to the war in Vietnam and nuclear proliferation.if you ask me whether or not I'm an atheist. Peter Higgs ." 23. Also a prolific writer. When asked by a student if he believed in God. particularly his hypothesis that humans share an innate linguistic capability. On his views of religion. I would first want an explanation of what it is that I'm supposed not to believe in. who later earned his own Nobel for work with Max Delbruck on phages. he has also become famous for being an outspoken political dissident. I wouldn't even answer. 1928] received the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1962 as co-discoverer along with Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins of the molecular structure of DNA. Watson answered. Skinner's behaviorist theory of language. Watson began his Ph. He earned that Ph. Beginning with his 1959 critique of B. ". Absolutely not. James D.F. no." 24.

000. Higgs is expected to receive the Nobel Prize in physics within the year. If his predicted Higgs particle . Warren Buffet Warren Edward Buffett [b.is discovered as expected by the Large Hadron Collider at CERN and he is still alive. 25. Compare that to what taxpayers are now paying the CEOs of failed Wall Street investment firms! . 1930] is an American businessman and CEO of Berkshire Hathaway rated by Forbes as the richest person in the world (in the first half of 2008. 1929] is a theoretical physicist and emeritus professor at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. before the Wall Street meltdown). but expresses discomfort with one of the designations of his field boson. and the Wolf Prize in physics. published in 1993 as part of a PR campaign in favor of the proposed Superconducting Super Collider [SSC] proposed to be built in Texas." That designation was popularized by Nobel Laureate Leon Lederman in his book by that title. He is noted for adherence to the philosophy of "value investing" and for accepting an annual salary for himself of less than $200. the High Energy and Particle Physics Prize by the European Physical Society.Peter Ware Higgs [b. He is a recipient of the 1997 Dirac Medal and Prize for outstanding contributions to theoretical physics. Higgs lives a reserved life and is not anxious to offend religious believers. Higgs describes himself as an atheist.the field boson imparting mass to matter . the "God Particle.

but not his belief in an unseen divinity. In 2006 Buffett announced that 83% of his fortune would be going to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for further philanthropy. 1932] is an American philosopher whose contributions to the philosophy of mind.that consciousness is real. Searle is regarded as an atheist who believes in freedom of will and has argued eloquently (and controversially) for that position. The primary issue Searle identifies is a philosophical false dichotomy between strong materialism and subjective. philosophy of language and social philosophy made him an influential member and spokesperson for the Free Speech Movement in Berkeley during the late 1960s and early '70s. first-person experience of the world. In Roger Lowenstein's 1995 biography Buffett: The Making of an American Capitalist. a passion he shares with fellow billionaire Bill Gates. along with a weekly bridge play date. 27. "He adopted his father's ethical underpinnings. John Searle John Rogers Searle [b." 26. What emerged from his resolution is a view he calls "biological naturalism" . Steven Weinberg . He describes himself as religiously agnostic.Buffett is further noted for his philanthropy. Drawing upon his theory of intentionality. Searle argued in his 1992 book The Rediscovery of the Mind that much of modern philosophy has attempted to deny the existence of consciousness. caused by the physical processes of the brain. with little success among conscious people. he is described and non-religious.

C. In a 1999 speech in Washington. He designed the gold placque attached to the Pioneer 10 and 11 spacecraft.Sagan was connected to the American space program from the beginning." 28. but there is as yet no consensus. He contributed to many of the robotic missions that explored the solar system and arranged experiments to be conducted during manned moon missions.. he said. and successful popularizer of science.that takes religion. In 1973 he proposed a modification of the Standard Model of physics did not predict the Higgs. 1933] is an American physicist best known for his work on unification of electromagnetism and the weak force.Steven Weinberg [b. good people can behave well and bad people can do evil. for which he shared the Nobel Prize in physics in 1979. which predicted the existence of the Z boson and the existence of a mechanism of mass later known as the Higgs boson. and atheism. His popular science books and articles combine explaining science in the added context of history. "With or without religion. Carl Sagan Carl Edward Sagan [1934-1996] was an American astronomer. religion 'culture wars'. but for good people to do evil . Weinberg has been prominent in the science vs. It was as a visiting professor at MIT in 1967 that he first proposed his electroweak unification theory. working as an advisor to NASA from the 1950s. philosophy of science. . astrochemist. D. a message that could be understood by an extraterrestrial intelligence that encountered it.

George Carlin . geneticist. and a weekly program for more mature audiences called Science Magazine. 30. Suzuki on Science. His work in television began in 1970 with the weekly children's series. Sagan called himself an agnostic instead. going on to host CBC's The Nature of Things and the acclaimed PBS series A Planet for the Taking. science broadcaster and entironmental activist. 1936] is a Canadian zoologist. Noted as a skeptic who advocated for humanist ideals. is an outspoken critic of global climate change corporate deniers and established the David Suzuki Foundation to promote sustainability.Sagan was an outspoken opponent of nuclear weapons and starred in the popular PBS television series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage. the public considered him an atheist. Though he has been often accused by his critics of turning his environmental causes into a religion of its own. He has also written several books about science and environmentalism. explaining that "an atheist has to know a lot more than I know" in order to make a positive assertion that no deity exists. Suzuki describes himself in his autobiography as an atheist with no illusions about life and death. He also worked in radio. 29. hosting CBC Radio One's Quirks and Quarks. David Suzuki David Takayoshi Suzuki [b.

" a condensed version of the ten ending with one additional commandment. An outspoken atheist. having won five Grammy awards for his comedy albums. He came in second on the Comedy Central network's list of 100 Greatest Comedians of all time. Just four days before his death the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts announced that he would receive the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor. the English language and any other subject that might shock and delight his audiences. He was most noted for his focus on psychology.George Denis Patrick Carlin [1937-2008] was one of the most popular and controversial comedians during his lifetime. "Thou Shalt keep thy religiion to thyself." . religion. He was the very first guest host for Saturday Night Live and is considered one of the most brilliant satirists of American culture. Carlin joked in his book Brain Droppings that he worshipped the sun because he could actually see it. He also introduced in an HBO special the "Two Commandments.

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