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# Lesson 2: The Magnetic Field

Stage/Year: Stage 3, Year 6 Time: 1 hour Objective: To extend on children’s exploration from lesson one with a greater focus on the magnetic field and how it affects the way in which two magnets interact with each other. Syllabus Links: Resources: SC4-10PW(2)- The action of forces that act at a • Iron filings- enough for 15 pairs distance may be observed and related to everyday • 30 bar magnets (in zip lock bags) situations. • 15 pieces of White paper • use the term 'field' in describing forces acting at a • 30 netball bibs (15 of each distance. colour) • describe the behaviour of magnetic poles when they are brought close together (NSW BOS, 2012a, p. 107). ST3-4WS - investigates by posing questions, including testable questions, making predictions and gathering data to draw evidence-based conclusions and develop explanations. • with guidance, posing questions to clarify practical problems or inform a scientific investigation • accurately observing, measuring and recording data as appropriate (NSW BOS, 2012a, p. 62). EN3-1A - communicates effectively for a variety of audiences and purposes using increasingly challenging topics, ideas, issues and language forms and features. • participate in and contribute to discussions, clarifying and interrogating ideas, developing and supporting arguments, sharing and evaluating information, experiences and opinions (NSW BOS, 2012b, p. 98). Summary table of KSK: • Magnetism is a force of attraction or repulsion, due to a magnetic field. This magnetic field is inbuilt in magnetic objects and caused by the movement of electrically charged particles. Individual particles, such as electrons, can have magnetic fields, however larger objects, such as a piece of iron, can also have a magnetic field. This magnetic field occurs as “a sum of the fields of its particles” (Kurtus, 2013). If a larger object exhibits a sufficient magnetic field, which is an invisible area of magnetism surrounding it, it is called a magnet (Kurtus, 2013; Woodford, 2013). • Magnets have two poles, called the north or north-seeking and south or south-seeking poles. When two magnets or magnetic objects are close to each other, there is a force that will attract or repel depending on these poles. When two opposing, or unlike, poles are placed together, they will attract each other. When two magnetic objects have like poles in front of each other, the magnetic force pushes them apart (Kurtus, 2013; Woodford, 2013). • If you were to cut a bar magnet in half the result would not be a south magnet and a north magnet, instead creating two smaller magnets (Woodford, 2013).