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Corrosion Resistance Testing

Corrosion also known as degradation of material is the disintegration of a material at its micro constituent

level due to chemical reactions with its surroundings environment. The most common example of corrosion is rusting of iron. There are several modes and forms of corrosion and its mechanism. Corrosion resistance is the ability of a material to withstand particular type of environment without disintegration or degradation. Corrosion resistance can be improved by addition of alloying elements (stainless steels) , by application of protective coatings (galvanising) or connecting less noble material (anodising or cathodic protection) to the component to be protected. see Corosion Resistance Test LMATS performs regularly corrosion resistance tests in accordance with ASTM G48, ASTM G28, ASTM A923, ASTM A262, AS 2038, AS 2331.3.1, AS 2345, ASTM B117, ASTM A380, NACE, EXXON Mobil and ESSO Shell specification. Some of the commonly used industrial terminologies for these tests are:                 Pitting corrosion test Crevice corrosion test Intergranular corrosion test G48 test Copper Sulphate test Ferric Chloride test Nitric acid boiling test Neutral Salt Spray test Dezincification test Ferroxyl test High humidity test Resistance to Hydrogen Sulphide H2S cracking such as Sulphide stress cracking SSC Stress oriented Hydrogen Induced Cracking SOHIC Hydrogen Induced Cracking HIC Step Wise Cracking SWC Soft Zone Cracking SZC etc.

Pitting Corrosion Resistance Test
LMATS is NATA accredited to perform pitting corrosion resistance test in accordance with ASTM G48, ASTM A923, and similar standards.

This method is also referred as ferric chloride test in the general industry.

ASTM A923. AS 2331. Before. LMATS performs contamination test to detect unacceptable free iron. Coatings are exposed to a corrosive atmosphere under controlled conditions for different durations. The most common method is Practice E also referred as copper-copper sulphate in the general industry. Passivation Confirmation Test Passivation is the process by which a stainless steel will spontaneously form a chemically inactive oxide film on the surface when exposed to air or other oxygen-containing environments provided that the surface has been thoroughly cleaned or descaled.Crevice Corrosion Resistance Test LMATS is NATA accredited to perform crevice corrosion resistance test in accordance with ASTM G48. Neutral Salt Spray Test A neutral salt spray test (NSS) is performed to determine qualitative resistance to corrosive attack on the products surface. Intergranular Corrosion Resistance Test LMATS is NATA accredited to perform intergranular corrosion resistance test in accordance with ASTM G28. rust. scale. AS 2038 and similar standards. Resistance to corrosive attack is used to assess the quality of the coating against the conditions of the test. There are 6 different test methods utilising different chemicals and test conditions. grease. This test is commonly employed on protective coated products. oxide. The chemical treatment will enhance the spontaneous formation of the protective passive film. during or after passivation the components are often contaminated with unacceptable material that may impair the normal corrosion resistance. and similar standards.3. Removal of exogenous iron or iron compounds from the surface of a stainless steel by means of a chemical dissolution. Contact LMATS Melbourne and Sydney staff for your neutral salt spray test or corrosion resistance test.1 and ASTM B117 specifies particular testing requirements for salt spray test. oil. carbonaceous or other residual chemical . ASTM A262. ASTM A262 Practice C also referred as nitric acid test is used for special purpose applications in the general industry. Nitric Acid boiling Test LMATS is NATA accredited to perform intergranular corrosion resistance test in accordance with ASTM A262. most typically by a treatment with mild oxidant such as a nitric acid solution that will remove the surface contamination but will not significantly affect the stainless steel itself is part of the passivation process. AS 2038 and similar standards. This method is also referred as ferric chloride test in the general industry.

embedded iron or iron oxide. including iron-tool marks. pH values or client’s specification such as Region 1. EXXON Mobil and ESSO Shell specification. etc. NACE Hydrogen Induced Cracking Test There are several types of tests to determine exact type of corrosion resistance property of any material. This test cannot be applied to surfaces of items to be used in food processing. High Humidity test is performed in accordance with ASTM A380 and ASTM A967. Before these tests can be commenced.films. 2 or 3 is required. particles. . High Humidity Test This test is used for the detection of free iron or any other anodic surface contaminants on stainless steel. Copper Sulphate Test LMATS is NATA accredited to perform Copper Sulphate test in accordance with ASTM A380. soil. The tests are performed in accordance with ISO 15156 NACE MR0175. This method is recommended for the detection of metallic iron or iron oxide on the surface of austenitic 200 and 300 Series. Some of the examples are resistance to Hydrogen Sulphide H2S cracking such as Sulphide stress cracking (SSC) . LMATS holds proven procedures for High Humidity test. Hydrogen Induced Cracking (HIC). It is not recommended for the martensitic and lower chromium ferritic stainless steels of the 400 Series since the test will show a positive reaction on these materials. metal chips. The test can be used on stainless steel to detect iron contamination. Ferroxyl Test – Contamination test LMATS is NATA accredited to perform Ferroxyl test in accordance with ASTM A380 and ASTM A967. Contact LMATS Melbourne or Sydney laboratory staff for your ferroxyl test or contamination detection test or corrosion resistance test. The test sample is acceptable if there is no evidence of rust stains or other corrosion products after completion of the test. Soft Zone Cracking (SZC) etc. iron deposits in welds. the precipitation hardening alloys. Salt Spray test and NATA accreditation in Copper Sulphate test and Ferroxyl test in accordance with ASTM A967 Practice D. Due to the use of Potassium Ferricynide this test method cannot be employed in the food industry. final form. shape. residual-iron salts from pickling solutions. The test is performed in a humidity cabinet capable of maintaining 97±3% humidity 38%±3°C for a minimum of 24 hours. This test is a highly sensitive test and should be performed when no traces of free iron or iron oxide is acceptable on the Passivated items. or other non-volatile deposits in accordance with ASTM A380 Section 7 and ASTM A967. iron dust. field H2S pressure. Stress oriented Hydrogen Induced Cracking (SOHIC). Black light test. and the ferritic 400 Series stainless steels containing 16% chromium or more. dirt. information such as material type/grade. Step Wise Cracking (SWC).