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PSYCHOANALYTIC STUDIESOF THE PERSONALITY -Preface DR.

FAIRBAIRN S position in the field of psycho-analysis is a special one andone of great intere st. Living hundreds of miles from his nearest colleagues,whom he seldom meets, h as great advantages, and also some disadvantages.The main advantage is that, bei ng subject to no distraction or interference, he has beenable to concentrate ent irely on his own ideas as they develop from his daily workingexperience. This is a situation that conduces to originality, and Dr. Fairbairn s originalityis indis putable. On the other hand, it requires very special powers of self-criticism to dispense with the value of discussion with co-workers, who in the nature of thin gsmust be able to point out considerations overlooked by a lonely worker or to m odifythe risk of any one-sided train of thought. It is not for me to forestall t he judgementthat will be passed on the contents of the book, but I may be allowe d to express thefirm opinion that it will surely prove extremely stimulating to thought.If it were possible to condense Dr. Fairbairn s new ideas into one sentenc e, it mightrun somewhat as follows. Instead of starting, as Freud did, from stim ulation of thenervous system proceeding from excitation of various erotogenous z ones and internaltension arising from gonadic activity, Dr. Fairbairn starts at the centre of the personality,the ego, and depicts its strivings and difficultie s in its endeavour to reach an objectwhere it may find support. Dr. Fairbairn ha s elaborated this theme in the pages thatfollow, and he has worked out its impli cations both biologically in regard to theproblems of instinct and psychological ly in the baffling interchange of external andinternal objects. All this constit utes a fresh approach in psycho-analysis which shouldlead to much fruitful discu ssion -

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rity, 22, 50 1techniques, 22, 19tragedies, 25 6withdrawal of libido, 50 2Schizophrenia , 4, 7, 10, 57, 109, 155 156, 158 9, 163catatonic outbursts in, 20incongruity of aff ect in, 20 1omnipotence in, 213Schizophrenic handwriting, 183Schizophrenics, 9, 12 , 23, 92absence of amnesia for childhood in,64, 77distinction between inner and outerreality obscured in, 18substitution of ideas for feelings in, 20Science, 21 8, 250schizoid and obsessional appeals of, 6Scientific background contemporary, 12 7 8, 150, 176Freud s, 126 7, 150, 176Secrecy, schizoid, 22Self-consciousness, 51, 211 13 , 261Self-reference, 211, 213 14, 226Self-reproach, 116, 286Separation, 43 4, 46, 10 9 10, 145, 166,172, 260 1, 271, 273, 275, 278, 281and excretory expulsion, 43 4Separat ion-anxiety, 39, 43 4, 80, 110,145, 167, 223, 263, 265 7, 271 3,275 8, 280 1, 285Sin Christi an and Hebraic conceptions of,74Social group attitude of perverts towards the,292 3S ocial groups, evolution of, 235 40,243, 246Social institutions, 129Social psycholo gy, 129. See also GrouppsychologySocrates, 249Soviet Russia, 234, 238, 241, 243Splitting of the eg o, 8 10, 20 1, 29, 51,83, 101, 107 8, 115 16, 131, 147,158 9, 160, 162. See also 218 20,221 2aggression as dynamic of, 108, 114and hysterical dissociation, 92, 159and incor poration, 10and repression of ego-structures, 21,89 90, 108, 112, 114, 115 16, 118,1 35, 147, 158 9, 168, 170 1, 172, 173in dreams, 8 9in hysteria, 92, 158 9Splitting of the object (external), 110, 114, 121, 135(internal), 111, 114, 121, 122, 147, 159,170 , 172, 178Stage(s) (developmental), 30, 145, 155,221alloerotic, 31anal, 146autoe rotic, 31genital, 32narcissistic, 31of infantile dependence, 35, 39, 41,46 9, 145, 163, 267of mature dependence, 35, 39, 41,145, 163of partial love, 31of transiti on or quasi-independence,35, 39, 41 6, 145 6, 155, 163oral, 32, 221Stalin, J. V., 23 9State, the, 238, 284 5Stephen, A., 139Sublimation, 90, 168, 188, 213, 221Substitu tive satisfactions, 40 You're Reading a Free Preview Page 333 is not shown in this preview. Download 311 Index Sucking, 39, 48, 138, 147Suffering, psychoneurotic, 103, 125,291, 293Suicidal te ndency, 203, 226, 266, 271,274Super-ego, 200, 203, 204, 209, 210,212 13, 214, 217a nd splitting of ego, 9as agent of the moral defence, 66, 93,165, 169as ego-ideal , 81, 136, 153 4, 156, 159,179, 233, 286 7as endopsychic structure, 82, 90as good ob ject to ego, 61, 66, 93, 149,156, 165as instigator of repression, 61, 90, 94,153 , 156, 158, 168as internalized object, 61, 66, 82, 93,94, 131, 148 9, 153 4, 156, 16 4, 165,171as product of object-relationships, 153as source of morale, 81, 167aut hor s views regarding the, 93, 101,107, 108, 136, 149, 156, 171, 179concept of int ernal saboteur comparedwith concept of, 106 7, 159 160disintegration of the, 286 7Fre ud s conception of the, 62, 88, 90,106 7, 116, 128 9, 131, 148 9, 153 4, 156, 157, 158, 16 0, 164, 167, 168,171, 217 20guilt generated by the, 68 70, 94, 107inconsistencies an d weaknesses inFreud s theory of, 92, 94, 129, 131 132, 169 70, 217 20level of the, 68 70, 93 4, 99 100, 101,107, 169, 171omnipotence involving, 213question of repression of the, 94 5,159, 170, 221repression distinct from the defence of the, 66, 69 70, 92 3, 1 65, 169strata (genital and oral) of, 210, 221Superiority, schizoid, 22, 50 1Supranational group, 239, 243 4Symbolic object faeces as, 31, 40genitals as, 40Taboo, 251 , 252on incest, 236, 242on patricide, 236, 242Taking obsessional compromise betwee n givingand, 36predominance of attitude of, 11, 14, 39Technique(s), 143, 155 6, 16 2 3, 213anal, 33, 43autoerotic, 34defaecation as basis of rejective, 35exhibitioni stic, 16 17hysterical, 30, 36, 38, 39, 44, 45 6, 56,66, 136, 146, 163, 179, 265manic , 30obsessional, 30, 36, 38, 39, 44, 45 6,56, 66, 94, 136, 146, 163, 179, 265of de lusion-formation, 215of divide et impera , 114 15, 116,125, 173of intellectualization , 20 3of internalizing bad objects,

see Internalization of bad objectsof internalizing good objects, see Internalization of good objectsof internalizing the pre-ambivalentobject, 134 5, 1 78of non-participation, 85, 87of rationalization, 215of repression, see Repressionof role-playing, 16of splitting the internal ambivalentobject, 135, 17 8of splitting the internal bad object, 111,114, 121, 122, 147, 159, 170, 172of s plitting the object (external), 110,111, 114, 121Technique(s) of the moral defence , see Defence,moralparanoid, 30, 36, 38, 39, 45 6, 56, 66,75 6, 136, 146, 163, 166, 179, 2 13 214, 265phallic, 33phobic, 30, 38, 39, 44, 45 6, 56, 66,136, 146, 163, 179, 265sc hizoid, 16, 19 You're Reading a Free Preview Page 334 is not shown in this preview. Download 312 Index table of transitional, 46transitional, 39, 52, 55, 56, 133, 136,146, 163, 177, 1 79 The Ballad of Reading Gaol , 25Thumb-sucking, 33Topographical distribution, principleof, 119, 174Totalitari anism, 80, 252, 284 5Totemism, 236Transference, 87capacity of schizoid individuals for,3neurosis, 69 70, 75, 165process of, 76, 166, 277situation, 69 70, 74, 75, 79, 87,Transition or Quasi-independence, stageof, see Stage of transitionTransitional techniques, see Technique(s), transitionalTrauma of birth, 275 6Traumatic experiences, 63, 76, 257 9, 275 6experiences and their specificity,257 9memories, 63, 78neurosis, 78, 257situati ons, 76 7, 78, 166Treatment rehabilitation contrasted with, 289,292, 294 6Tribe, the, 237, 239, 243Troubadours, 26Types, psychological, see PsychologicaltypesUnconditional goodness and badness,66, 93, 165Unconscious exhibi tionism, 211guilt, 204, 210, 213, 215, 220mind, 250motivation, 240overvaluation of clitoris, 208, 220phantasy, 205situations, 76Unconscious, the, 52, 65, 68, 69 7 0, 73 5, 188, 201, 204, 205, 207, 213, 219,248United Nations Organization, 243Univ ersity, functions of a, 253 5Urinary sadism, 226Urination as creation, 14, 36as elim ination, 14as giving, 36as symbolic rejection, 36, 138frequency of, 225 6Vagina abse nce of, 197, 207hysterical dissociation of, 95Visions, 184 5, 194 5Vomiting as rejec tion, 138War neuroses, 256 88, 290capacity for object-relationships and,279, 290co mpulsion to return home in, 42, 266,271 5, 277 8, 285deficiency of guilt in, 285 7infa ntile dependence and, 79 80, 166,260 1, 264 5, 267 8, 275 8, 281malingering and, 282morale and, 81, 167, 279, 281 7, 290,295psychotherapy and, 81, 287, 295 6separation anxiet y in, 80, 167, 265 7,275 8, 280 1, 285traumatic experiences and, 76 7, 78,166, 257 9Wilde, O., 25Wordsworth, W., 25Zones, erotogenic, see Erotogenic zones You're Reading a Free Preview Page 335 is not shown in this preview. Download You're Reading a Free Preview Page 336 is not shown in this preview.

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