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Vocab List

Keyword Concerto Grosso Concertino Ripieno Continuo Hemiola Ritornello Form Episodes Dominant 7th Fortspinnung Descending Sequence Repetition Motifs Melodic Inversion Functional harmony Diatonic Circle of Fifths Pivot Chord

Definition a form of baroque music in which the musical material is passed between a small group of soloists (the concertino) and full orchestra (the ripieno or tutti) a short concerto freer in form. It normally takes the form of a one-movement musical composition for solo instrument and orchestra Ripieno refers to the bulk of instrumental parts of a musical ensemble who do not play as soloists, especially in Baroque music the group of instruments that plays the basso continuo part Three beats of equal value in the time normally occupied by two beats. a repeated section of music, the ritornello (literally, "the little thing that returns") alternates with freer episodes A contrasting theme opposing the ritornello a chord composed of a root, major third, perfect fifth, and minor seventh (spinning forth) a specific process of development of a musical motif. In this process, the motif is developed into an entiremusical structure by using sequences, intervallic changes or simple repetitions. the immediate restatement of a motif or longer melodic (or harmonic) passage at a lower pitchin the same voice. sounds or sequences are often repeated A short rhythmic or melodic passage that is repeated or evoked in various parts of a composition A transformation of the subject (theme or a motive) where the melody line is turned upside down; it is inverted A system of harmonic analysis. It is based on the idea that, in a given key, there are only three functionally different chords: tonic, subdominant and dominant. Music that fits within the key with very little dissonance or atonality. a visual representation of the relationships among the 12 tones of the chromatic scale, their corresponding key signatures, and the associated major and minor keys. When a piece of music moves from the original key to the destination key (usually a closely related key) by way of a chord both keys share

Vocab List

Neapolitan 6th Passing Notes Auxiliary Notes Accented Passing Notes Anticipations Suspension Contrapuntal Counterpoint Canon Homophonic Polarised Texture Monophonic Antiphonal Changes

a major chord built on the lowered second (supertonic) scale degree in first inversion. A nonchord note prepared by a harmony note a step above or below it, and resolved by continuing in the same motion to the next harmony note. A nonchord note prepared by a harmony note a step above or below it, and is resolved by the same harmony note. A passing note that occurs on the strong part of the bar or beat a note is played before the chord to which the notebelongs and then resolves when the "anticipated" chord is reached One or more notes temporarily held before resolving to a chord note. Two or more relatively independent melodies sounding together. The writing of musical lines that sound very different and move independently from each other in pitch and rhythm, but sound harmonious when played together. a piece of music in which two or more voices (or instrumental parts) sing or play the same music starting at different times A style of composition in which there is one melody, and all the voices and accompaniments move rhythmically together. Texture is polarized through division of labour between melody and bass Having a single melodic line music that is performed by two semi-independent parts in interaction, performing alternate musical phrases