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Mawlana Jami on Imam Husayn 'alayhisalam: translation of a section from Jami's Shawâhid al Nabuwwah

Translated by Asif J Naqshbandi-Jama'ati In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful The following is a slightly abridged translation of the entry on Imam Husayn `alayhisalam from the Urdu translation of Mawlana Jami`s Shawahid al Nabuwwah, pages 303-9, by Bashir Hussain Nazim [Mahal Publishers, Delhi, 1989]. Hazrat Mawlana Nuruddin Abdur Rahman Jami (may his secret be sanctified!) writes: He is the third Imam and the Father of the Imams. His agnomen [kunya] is Abu Abdullah and his titles are Shahîd [martyr] and Sayyid [master]. His birth took place on Sunday, 4th Sha'ban al Mubarak, 4 AH in Madina the Illuminated. His period of gestation [time in the womb] was only 6 months. His pure lordship, the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam named him Husayn. His beauty was such that when he sat in the dark the radiance from his forehead and cheeks would light up both near and afar. He resembled the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam in appearance from the chest to his feet and resembled Imam Hassan from his chest to his head. His lordship sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam remarked that `Husayn is from me and I am from Husayn. Whoever keeps Husayn as a friend you also be friends with him because Husayn is a son from amongst my sons.' The Hasanayn wrestle One day Hazrat Imam Hassan and Imam Husayn began to wrestle. The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said to Imam Hassan, `O Hassan! Grab Husayn!' The Lady Fatima said, ` O Messenger of Allah! You tell the older one to grab the younger?' His lordship sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam answered, `But Gabriel too is telling Husayn to grab Hassan!' The dream of Umm al Hârith It is narrated from Hazrat Umm al Hârith (may Allah be pleased with her!) that I (Umm al Hârith) went into the presence of the Prophet and said that I have seen a dream which has frightened me. The Prophet said, `What did you see?' I replied, `I saw that a piece of flesh was cut from your body and placed in my lap.' The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, `Soon Fatima will bring a boy who will be in your lap.' Shortly after this Hazrat Imam Husayn was born. Imam Husayn in the eyes of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam)

`This is my son. This is the place where Husayn will be martyred. `Tonight they [angels] took me to such a place which is in Iraq and which is called Karbala. Ali and myself will be hurt and if Ibrahim dies my soul will feel the greater sorrow. `If Husayn goes then Fatima.' The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam asked.One day the Prophet had placed Imam Husayn alayhisalam on his right shoulder and his son Hazrat Ibrahim alayhisalam on his left shoulder when Gabriel came and said. His martyrdom happened on the Day of Ashura in the year 41 AH.' I took it and looked at it and it was red earth. Gabriel alayhisalam asked: `Who is this?' His lordship replied. His lordship then opened his hand and said. Then I placed it in a bottle and fastened its top very firmly. I noticed that his hair was dishevelled and full of dust and enquired. The earth in it remained as it was. `Who will marty him?' Gabriel answered. The news of the martyrdom of Husayn alayhisalam Hazrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) narrates that one day the Messenger sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam was with Gabriel alayhisalam when suddenly Husayn came and joined them. his lordship sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam would kiss his brow and bid him welcome and say. `Your nation [ummah].' Three days after this event transpired Hazrat Ibrahim alayhisalam passed away. When Hazrat Husayn bin `Ali journeyed to Iraq I took out this bottle every day and looked at it. When the news of his martyrdom came it was on that very same day [that I had seen the blood in the bottle].' Saying this the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam placed Husayn in his lap. `I sacrificed my son Ibrahim for him!' Hazrat Umm Salma and the dust of Karbala Hazrat Umm Salma (may Allah be pleased with her) narrates that one night his lordship alayhisalam went out of the house and came back after quite a long time. At that time his age was 57. Therefore I prefer my own sorrow. Gabriel remarked. Whenever Imam Husayn alayhisalam would come into the presence of the Prophet. I understood that people had martyred Hazrat Husayn . `Hold this! Keep it safe. He will call one of them back [to Himself].' His lordship sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam replied.I wept a great deal but for fear of the enemies I stopped short of wailing. `Allah Almighty will not let them both remain with you together. Now you can choose whichever one of these two you like.' Afterwards Gabriel alayhisalam indicated towards Karbala and gripped some red earth and showed it to the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa . If you say so I will also tell you the place where he will be martyred. When I looked at it on the day of Ashura it had turned to fresh blood. `O' Messenger of Allah! In what state am I seeing you today?' The Prophet alayhisalam answered. `He will be martyred very shortly. There I witnessed my children and I picked up some of their blood from the ground which is in my hand'.

`I have heard them say this: The Prophet kissed his forehead—he whose cheeks are radiant and . But do not ask everyone from this tribe about it because they will all begin to tell you things about this matter. I too went there. Again people started saying. `It has come! It has come!' At last a snake appeared and sat between their heads. `I feel it is best only to ask you as you yourself have heard it from them.sallam and said that this is the earth from the place of Husayn's martyrdom. Then it went up the nose of Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad and then after a while it came out and went away until it disappeared from our eyes. All of them were either murdered or fell into great calamities. `Yes.' He said. Sorrow expressed at the martyrdom of Imam Husayn alayhisalam A trustworthy narrator says that I asked a person from the tribe of Tayy who came to us if he had heard the jinn mourning Imam Husayn alayisalam with elegies [noha]? He said.' I replied. The outcome for the murderers of Husayn alayhisalam A trustworthy narrator says that when the heads of Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad and his comrades were brought to the mosque in Kufa and were placed there. His daughter gave it to a goldsmith in order to have some ornaments made from it. Shimr bin Ziljawshan found some gold from amongst the provisions of Imam Husayn alayhisalam which he gave some of it to his daughter. It is narrated from Hazrat Sayyidina Imam Zayn al `Abidin alayhisalam that when we set off towards Kufa that there was no place where we rested or stopped that Imam Husayn alayihsalam didn't mention Hazrat Yahya ibn Zakariyya alayhisalam [John the Baptist]. I heard people saying. It is proved with strong evidences that no one from amongst the murderers of Imam Husayn alayhisalam or their helpers remained who was not disgraced before his death. Sa'îd ibn Jubayr narrates from Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them all) that the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam received revelation [wahy] that We destroyed seventy thousand people in return for the murder of John the Baptist and we will destroy double the amount for the murder of your (grand) son. Likewise there is a narration that the tyrants slaughtered some camels belonging to Imam Husayn which had survived and made kebabs out of them. When the goldsmith did so it too disappeared into the fire. They tasted so bitter that none of them was able to eat the meat. `It has come! It has come!' and the same snake appeared again and did exactly as it had done before. When the goldsmith placed that gold in the fire it disappeared into it! When Shimr heard about this he summoned the goldsmith and gave him the remainder of the gold and told him to place it in the fire in front of me.

shining His fathers and forefathers are elevated and belong to the noblest of families!' Events in Madina relating to the martyrdom of Imam Husayn When some wretched people expressed joy at the martyrdom of Imam Husayn alayhisalam during the khutba [Friday sermon] the following verses were heard that night in Madina although no one could be seen reciting them: O ye who have killed Husayn out of ignorance Glad tidings are given thee about a disgraceful punishment The creatures of the heavens whether prophets or angels Are. `By God! This head is that of the grandson of the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam and such a voice emanating from it is a wonder indeed!' The heavens rain blood Muammar and Zahri (Allah have mercy on them both!) were sitting in the gathering of Abd al Malik ibn Marwan when Walid asked. do you think that the Fellows of the Cave and the Inscription were of Our wonderful signs? (Qur'an 18: 09) The hairs at the back of my neck stood up at this and I shouted out. wishing you naught but ill And may you be cursed by the tongue of Solomon son of David And by Jesus who is the bringer of the Gospels! One of the holy warriors [ghazi] who was in the land of Byzantium [Rûm] narrates that I saw the following couplet written in a synagogue: Do those people who martyred Imam Husayn still Expect intercession from his Ancestor on the Day of Reckoning? When I asked who wrote this couplet the people of the synagogue said that they did not know. When the Imam's blessed head passed by me I heard the following voice coming from it: Or. `Who . all of them. I was standing near the window of my house. Imam Husayn's head atop a spear Hazrat Zayd ibn Arqam (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that when Ibn Ziyad ordered that the blessed head of Imam Husayn alayhisalam be placed atop a spear and paraded through the streets of Kufa.

the Beloved of Allah sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam and upon his Companions and his Progeny and especially on the Prince of Martyrs. Peace and blessings be upon Our Master. .' It is narrated from another person that when Imam Husayn alayhisalam was martyred it began to rain blood from the sky and every thing of ours became covered in blood and also the sky appeared covered in blood for many days afterwards. And all praise be to Allah. Thus ends the translation from Mawlana Jami's book. our master Imam Husayn `alayhisalam until the Day of Judgement. Lord of the Worlds.amongst you can tell me the state of the stones in Bayt al Maqdis [Jerusalem] on the day Husayn was martyred?' Imam Zahri said: `I have been informed that on that day whichever stone was lifted fresh blood was found beneath it.