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Sec: BWM-A/Ch 5 Date: 20.01.2012 Revision: 2 Prep: AW Appr: KND Page 1 of 5

Chapter 5

Ballast Water Planning

When to exchange ballast water

The need and extent of exchange of ballast water will be decided by the requirements of the next port(s) of arrival. It is important to refer to the Plan B of the Ballast Water Management Plan for this purpose. The ballast water exchange must be done to satisfy the more stringent of the requirements given in Plan A and Plan B. Due regard shall be given to the safety considerations prior and during such exchange.


Warnings concerning ballast water uptakes

5.2.1 Certain Port states may notify the ship by whatever means possible, of areas under their jurisdiction, where the ships should not uptake ballast water due to known conditions which may result in the uptake of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens or are near sewage outfalls etc. The Master and/or the Ballast water Management Officer shall clearly receive the co-ordinates of such areas. 5.2.2 The uptake of ballast water should be minimized and, where practicable, avoided in areas and situations such as: areas identified by the port state in connection with advice as mentioned above (port state may inform local agents and / or the ships of areas where the uptake of ballast water should be minimized or avoided); in darkness when bottom-dwelling organisms may rise up in the water column; in very shallow waters; or the water is stirred up by propellers or dredging. near sewage outfalls. areas where toxic algae blooms are occurring. 5.2.3 In case ballast has been taken in under such circumstances, the Master shall ensure that this ballast is exchanged as far away from nearest land as possible and in as deep waters as possible. An area with a large sea water temperature difference shall be preferred.

Anglo-Eastern Ship Management Ltd.

stripping pumps should be used to meet the criteria. ship should conduct ballast exchange in deep waters. in which ballast tanks are over-flowed by pumping in additional water to dilute the original water and the dilution method in which water is pumped in from one end and removed from the other end.3. Maximum ballast water must be exchanged.3 are the minimum limits set out for depth and distance. The ship is required to carry out exchange of ballast as follows: 5.3.3. 5. When using the ‘Flow Through’ method and/or the ‘Dilution’ method. The sequential method.1 When using the ‘Sequential’ method for ballast water exchange.2 In deep waters where the depth is at least 200 metres. such ballast water exchange shall be conducted as far away from nearest land as possible.2 and 5.2012 Revision: 2 Prep: AW Appr: KND Page 2 of 5 5.4 It must be appreciated that the parameters mentioned in paragraphs 5.3. at present the most reasonable and economical method for the treatment of ballast water for this ship.3. the ballast water in the tanks should be pumped out till the pumps lose suction.ANGLO-EASTERN SHIP MANAGEMENT LTD. In cases where 95% efficiency is not met.3. Greater depths and distances would serve the purpose of Ballast Water Management better.3. HONG KONG BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT PLAN ‘M. the flow-through method.3. is the exchange of ballast water at sea. in open ocean and as far away as possible from shore. 5.3 Ballast Water Exchange at sea While theoretically there is more than one method of treating ballast water to minimize the transfer of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens. Therefore. it is left best to the professional judgment of the Master and the Ballast Water Management Officer as to when and where the ship’s ballast water is exchanged. the ship is unable to conduct ballast water exchange as required by paragraph 5. BONN EXPRESS ’ Sec: BWM-A/Ch 5 Date: 20. but in no case shall the efficiency be less than 95 per cent volumetric exchange of ballast water in each tank.3. 5. There are three methods of carrying out ballast water exchange at sea. V. in which ballast tanks are pumped out and then refilled with water.2 and 5. which complies with the relevant regulations of the convention. . but in all cases at least 50 nautical miles away from the Anglo-Eastern Ship Management Ltd. provided the ship complies with the minimum requirements of the distance and depth.3.. 5. replacement of ballast water by at least three times the volume of each ballast tank shall be carried out. Where practicable.3 At a distance of at least 200 Nautical Miles away from nearest land.5 If for any clear reason.01.

However.7 If the ship is returning to the port/region of origin of the ballast.6 and 5. 5. V.3.11 Reference shall be made to Part B of this plan for Port state requirements. 5.3). The lines and pumps should not be drained out.10 Should any local requirements of a Port State require the ship to have a higher standard of ballast water exchange.5 cannot be met.3. as required by the Port State authorities are to be carried out. the Master shall convey the ship’s inability to carry out ballast water exchange to the Port State. 5. HONG KONG BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT PLAN ‘M.3. the Master shall ensure the relevant requirements are complied with.7. her cargo and the persons on board and without any damage or loss to the ship.3.3. AESM must be informed through the Ship Superintendent about the request for obtaining such permission and the subsequent response of the authorities to the said request.3.3. the requirements of paragraph 5.01.2012 Revision: 2 Prep: AW Appr: KND Page 3 of 5 nearest land and in as deep waters as possible.6 If for any clear reason.3.. provided that the ballast is not mixed with ballast of which the origin is elsewhere. 5. If such compliance is not possible.2.3 and 5. 5.3. The Ship Superintendent at AESM must be consulted. therefore. Such requirements shall be communicated to AESM through the Ship Superintendent. if required. the Ship Superintendent shall be consulted prior any further action. the Master may carry out the required ballast water exchange.3. 5. The Master may use the options as specified in paragraphs 5. the Coastal State should be contacted if necessary for the specific Ballast Water Discharge requirement and Anglo-Eastern Ship Management Ltd. 5.3.8 All available pumps and lines must be used for the ballast water exchange to ensure that these are properly flushed of their previous contents. Under such permission. Certain Port State authorities may allow the ship to conduct ballast water exchange in designated areas under its jurisdiction under prescribed conditions.3. but at least 200 metres in depth.5. the Master must contact the Port State authorities prior conducting the deballasting operation. Reference shall be made to Part B of this plan.3. her machinery and equipment. is not required to deviate from its intended voyage or delay the voyage in order to comply with the requirements of paragraphs and 5. Part B of this plan gives more details on this issue. BONN EXPRESS ’ Sec: BWM-A/Ch 5 Date: 20. 5. Proper notifications.3. in case he does not intend to carry out the ballast water exchange and obtain permission for discharge of the un-exchanged ballast water within the regulated limits. provided the ship is capable of such compliance without hampering the safety of the ship.ANGLO-EASTERN SHIP MANAGEMENT LTD. .2 and 5.9 The ship.

3. fire lines etc. all lines containing sea water (e.4. cooling lines.2. 5.12 Though this part does not concern ballast water. Such decisions shall be taken after notification to AESM and in consultation with the Ship Superintendent.3 of this chapter The ship shall not be required to comply with the ballast water exchange requirements as mentioned in paragraphs (5. 5. .3.1. V. ballast water exchange could not be carried out.3. 2.2 5.4 5. 5. where and if available.3 Machinery failure or inappropriate performance of the machinery. The Master will thus obtain all information in good time and prepare the vessel accordingly. as per the Anglo-Eastern Ship Management Ltd.2. The concerned Port State authorities shall be notified accordingly.5 Any other extra-ordinary condition. The Master shall consider the following prior making the decision: 5. 3.2 Any special design or feature of the ship. 5.6 of Section 5. the following action shall be taken: 1.5. Maintain the relevant records.3.1 Non-compliance with paragraphs 5.) must be re-circulated with mid ocean water to replace the water in the lines.3.g.1 Weather conditions. An appropriate entry shall be made in the Ballast Water Record Book stating the reasons for such non-compliance and also in the ship’s log book. 5. 5.3.5 Discharge of ballast water to shore reception facility Where due to circumstances mentioned in Section 5.3.4 Equipment failure. If the Coastal State has specific procedures for ballast water discharge. Follow agreed procedures. 5.3.ANGLO-EASTERN SHIP MANAGEMENT LTD. 5. 5. and 5. 4.3.5. if the Master clearly and reasonably decides that such exchange would threaten the safety and/or stability of the ship. 5.6) as appropriate.3. 5. BONN EXPRESS ’ Sec: BWM-A/Ch 5 Date: 20.2.4 of this chapter.4.2012 Revision: 2 Prep: AW Appr: KND Page 4 of 5 reporting prior to the vessel’s arrival in the Port State’s waters. Contact the ship’s agent and owners/managers/operators to ascertain the latest information on ballast discharge in the port state. 5.4. 5.3. the people on board the ship or her cargo. 5.. ballast water may need to be discharged to a shore reception facility.3.4.01. HONG KONG BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT PLAN ‘M. Ensure that the plan for the required actions is appropriate with regard to its effectiveness and safety of the ship and her staff.2.

BONN EXPRESS ’ Sec: BWM-A/Ch 5 Date: 20.01. ..ANGLO-EASTERN SHIP MANAGEMENT LTD. Anglo-Eastern Ship Management Ltd. In such circumstances Master shall explain the reasons for such shore discharge to the superintendent and take approval of AESM prior commencing the discharge. V. HONG KONG BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT PLAN ‘M.2012 Revision: 2 Prep: AW Appr: KND Page 5 of 5 requirements of the local port authorities. Reference shall be made to Part B of the plan.