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UTRAN Procedures

Elementary procedures Paging RRC connection setup Transaction reasoning Authentication and security control Transaction setup with RAB allocation Transaction clearing and RAB release RRC connection release RRM procedures Radio link addition and deletion Intersystem handover from UMTS to GSM (CS/PS) UE state transitions/ bearer reconfiguration
MM procedures -> see MM slides CM procedures -> see CM slides References: Kaaranen ch. 10 (simple cases discussed here) 3GPP TR 25.931 (more complicated cases)
UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mueckenheim November 2012 1

Basic Model of UMTS Network Transactions


Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release
UMTS Networks

A transaction comprises all the elementary procedures required to enable the transport of user data (PS or CS mode) or the exchange of higher-layer signaling messages (e.g. MM or CM)

UE indicates the CN the requested service Allocation of bearers to support required UMTS bearer service Transfer of data Release of all bearers to support UMTS bearer service
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Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mueckenheim

Paging

Paging
Paging type 1: UE idle mode (no RRC connection) RRC connected modes cell_PCH or URA_PCH Example: paging for a UE in idle mode

RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

UE

N ode B 1 .1

N ode B 2 .1

RN C 1

RN C 2

CN

RA N A P

1. Pa gin g

RA N A P

RA N A P

1 . P ag in g

RA N A P

(Requesting CN domain, IMSI, ...)


2 . P C C H : P ag in g T ype 1

3 . P C C H : P ag in g T yp e 1

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Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mueckenheim

November 2012

Paging

Paging
Paging type 2: UE is in RRC connected mode cell_DCH or cell_FACH Paging request from another CN domain Example: paging for a UE in RRC Connected Mode (CELL_DCH or CELL_FACH state)
UE S erving RNC

RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

CN

RANAP

1.

P aging

RANAP

2 . D C C H : P aging T yp e 2 RRC RRC

2 cases: UTRAN coordinates the paging request with the existing RRC connection (given example) UE coordinates the paging request with the existing RRC connection

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mueckenheim

November 2012

Paging

RRC Connection Setup


UE
UE_Idle
Initial Random Access Addr.: Initial UE ID Request for DCCH Incl. Establishment cause

RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

Node B

RNC

CN

CCCH (TM)/ RACH: RRC Connection Request RL Setup Request RL Setup Response

ALCAP Iub Transport bearer Setup

Establishment of UTRAN DCH resources incl. CAC

UL/DL Synchronisation

CCCH (UM)/ FACH: RRC Connection Setup

Addr.: Initial UE ID

DCCH (AM)/ DCH: RRC Connection Setup Complete

CELL_DCH

Addr.: by DCH DCCH established UE capabilities known

Establishment of a RRC connection in cell_DCH mode


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Initial Random Access


UE Node B
Controlling RNC

Persistency check before

Preamble

Preamble

Preamble Resourcing Node B Hardware Acquisition Indication (AICH)

PRACH Message

CRC Check

RACH Message RACHFP [RRC Connection Request] RACHFP

UE addressing CCCH: UE ID embedded in the RRC message DTCH/ DCCH: UE ID included in MAC header
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RRC Connection Setup


Reasons for RRC connection setup: Call setup (mobile-originated and mobile-terminated calls) Conversational call Streaming call Interactive call Background call Emergency call Call re-establishment Exchange of signaling messages (low/high priority) RRC connection request message contains, e.g. IMSI, TMSI, IMEI Location area, routing area identity, etc. Other information: e.g. HSDPA/ E-DCH UE capability, standards release

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Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mueckenheim

November 2012

NAS Signaling Connection Establishment (Transaction Reasoning)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

UE

S ervin g RNC

CN

1. R R C C on n ection E sta blish m en t

RRC

2 . D C C H : In itia l D irect T ra n sfer RRC 3 . In itial U E M essag e RA NAP RAN AP

Payload contains system network message: Information about the transaction initiated by the UE (IMSI, TMSI, location area, kind of requested transaction)
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Paging

Authentication and Security Control

RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

Authentication request/response: mutual authentication of UE and network Security mode command/complete: CN domain indicates to UTRAN and UE the encryption details (method/algorithms and encryption keys)
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Transition Setup and RAB Establishment (CS Mode)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mueckenheim

November 2012

10

Transition Setup and RAB Establishment (PS Mode)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mueckenheim

November 2012

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RAB Establishment
UE NodeB SRNC
RAB Assignment ALCAP Iu Transport Bearer Establishment

CN

Cell_DCH/ Cell FACH

Radio Link Reconfiguration Prepare Radio Link Reconfiguration Ready ALCAP Iub Transport Bearer Establishment Node B RNC Data Transport Bearer Sync Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit

When Cell_FACH: RL Setup

When CS CN

Activation Time , TActivation

Radio Bearer Setup Radio Bearer Setup Complete RAB Assignment Response

Cell DCH

Example: Synchronised establishment of a RAB on DCH

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Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mueckenheim

November 2012

12

Transaction Release and RAB Release (CS Mode)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

Note: signaling connection and RRC connection remains


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Transaction Release and Iu Release (CS Mode)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

Note: signaling connection and RRC connection are released


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Transaction Release and RAB Release (PS Mode)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

Note: signaling connection and RRC connection remain


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Transaction Release and Iu Release (PS Mode)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

Note: signaling connection and RRC connection are released


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Paging

RRC Connection Release

RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

UMTS Networks

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November 2012

17

RRC Connection Release (involving DRNC)


Example: RRC connection release of a dedicated channel in soft HO mode with DRNC
UE N ode B D rift R N S N ode B S ervin g R N S D rift RNC S erving RNC 1 . Iu R elease C o m m and RANAP 2 . Iu R elease C o m p lete RANAP RANAP RANAP CN

3 . A L C A P Iu B earer R elease 4 . R R C C o nnectio n R elease

RRC

RRC

5 . R R C C o nnectio n R elease C o m p lete RRC 6 . R ad io L ink D eletio n 7 . R ad io L ink D eletio n RNSAP 8 . R ad io L ink D eletio n RN S AP RRC

NBAP

N B AP

NBAP

NBAP 9 . R ad io L ink D eletio n R esp o nse

NBAP 1 0 . R ad io L ink D eletio n R esp o nse

N B AP

NBAP

NBAP 1 1 . R ad io L ink D eletio n R esp o nse RNSAP RN S AP

1 2 . A L C A P Iu b B earer R elease

1 3 . A L C A P Iu b B earer R elease

A L C A P Iu r B earer R elease

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Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mueckenheim

November 2012

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Soft Handover Radio Link Addition


UE Target Node B Radio Link Add/ Setup Request start Rx Radio Link Add/ Setup Response Radio Link Add/ Setup Response
When RL Setup

DRNC

SRNC
RNC Decides to add a new Radio Link

Radio Link Add/ Setup Request

ALCAP Iub Data Transport bearer Setup Radio Link Restore Indication start Tx Active Set Update (Radio Link Addition)

ALCAP Iur bearer Setup

Radio Link Restore Indication


Target Node B is ready

Active Set Update Complete


UE starts Rx on new radio link E.g. new neighbour cell list

Measurement Control

Unsynchronized addition
UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mueckenheim November 2012 19

Soft Handover Radio Link Deletion


UE Node B DRNC SRNC

Active Set Update (Radio Link Deletion)

RNC Decides to delete an existing Radio Link

Active Set Update Complete


UE stops Rx on old radio link E.g. new neighbour cell list

Measurement Control

Radio Link Deletion Request stop Rx & Tx Radio Link Deletion Response

Radio Link Deletion Request

Free-up resources of old NodeB

Radio Link Deletion Response

ALCAP Iub Data Transport bearer Release

ALCAP Iur bearer Release

Unsynchronized deletion
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Inter-system Handover (UMTS to GSM)


UE SRNC 3G MSC 2G MSC BSC

RNC Decides to perform HO to GSM

Relocation Required

MAP Prepare HO Req. HO Request


Channel activation procedure in BSS

HO Request ACK MAP Prepare HO Response Relocation Command


UE switches to GSM BSS

HO from UTRAN Command

Radio Link Failure in UTRAN and Radio Link Establishment in GSM BSS HO Complete HO Complete MAP Send End Signal Req. Free up of Resources Iu Release Procedure MAP Send End Signal Resp.

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November 2012

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UTRAN Initiated UMTS-GPRS Cell Reselection


UE Serving RNC 1. UTRAN decision to perform Cell Change Order from UTRAN: 2. Cell Change Order from UTRAN RRC 3. The UE accesses the GSM system and initiates routing area update. The packet context is transferred to the new SGSN. RRC SGSN

RANAP

4. SRNS Context Request

RANAP

RANAP

5. SRNS Context Response

RANAP

RANAP

6. Iu Release Command

RANAP

RANAP

7. Iu Release Complete

RANAP

Most signalling between 2G and 2G CN


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SRNS Relocation (CS)

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November 2012

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UE RRC Connected States


optional

Cell FACH

Data activity No data No data URA PCH Data activity Low traffic

High traffic or CS call

Dynamic RB reconfigure Cell DCH

Cell_DCH Dedicated Traffic and Control carried over DCH Cell_FACH Dedicated Traffic and Control carried over RACH/ FACH URA_PCH No air interface resources required, dormant RB UE receives paging on UTRAN Routing Area (URA) basis rather than standard routing area (RA); URA usually in the order of 10 cells
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UMTS Networks

URA_PCH to CELL_DCH/ CELL_FACH Transition


UE URA PCH
UE temporary in Cell_FACH

Node B

SRNC

Cell Update (CCCH, RACH, TM, cause paging response or Uplink Data transmission) Radio Link Setup request Radio Link Setup response ALCAP Iub Data Transport bearer Setup
For each DCH, separately Incl. UL/ DL Synch. RRC State Indicator Cell_DCH/ URA_FACH TActivation = NOW If Cell_DCH Incl. DBC check

UE Transitions to Cell DCH/ stays in Cell_FACH

Cell Update Confirm(CCCH, FACH, UM)

Cell_DCH/ Cell_FACH
UE Sends Complete Message

Radio Link Restore Indication Cell_DCH: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete (DCCH AM, DCH) Cell_FACH: UTRAN Mobility Confirm (DCCH AM, RACH) L2 ACK (DCCH)

Unsynchronised procedure with CRNC = SRNC


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CELL_FACH to CELL_DCH Transition

UE Cell FACH

Node B Radio Link Setup request Radio Link Setup response

RNC

CN

RNC determines UE should transition to Cell DCH

ALCAP for both DCH FP Synch


UE Transitions to Cell DCH

Radio Bearer Reconfiguration (DCCH, FACH)

RNC Stops MAC-d Transmission to UE

Cell DCH
UE Sends Complete Message on DCH

Radio Link Restore Indication Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete (DCCH AM, DCH) L2 ACK (DCH)

Unsynchronised procedure with CRNC = SRNC


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CELL_DCH to URA_PCH/ CELL_FACH Transition


UE Cell DCH Radio Bearer Reconfiguration (DCCH, DCH, UM)
UE transitions to Cell_FACH and reads SIB UE Sends Complete Message on RACH RRC State Indicator Cell_FACH/ URA_PCH

Node B

SRNC

Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete(DCCH, RACH, AM)


RNC leaves time for L2 ACK being errored

L2 ACK (DCCH, FACH)

Cell_FACH/ URA_PCH Radio Link Deletion Request

Radio Link Deletion Response

Free-up non-used DCH Resources

ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Release

Unsynchronised procedure with CRNC = SRNC


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Dynamic Bearer Reconfiguration


UE Cell DCH Node B (Drift RNS) Node B (Serving RNS) Radio Link Reconfiguration Prepare DRNC Radio Link Reconfig Prepare SRNC
RNC Decides to change the rate of the UE

Radio Link Reconfiguration Prepare Radio Link Reconfiguration Ready Radio Link Reconfig Ready Radio Link Reconfiguration Ready ALCAP Iur bearer Setup
When rate increase

ALCAP Iub Data Transport bearer Setup

ALCAP Iub Data Transport bearer Setup Radio Link Reconfig commit (TActivation)

All Node Bs are ready

Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit (TActivation)


Activation Time

, TActivation

Radio Link Reconfiguration commit (TActivation) Transport Channel Reconfiguration (DCCH, AM, TActivation)

UE & Node-B reconfigured to the new rates

Transport Channel Reconfiguration Complete (DCCH, AM) ALCAP Iub Data Transport bearer Release ALCAP Iur bearer Release

Release the transport Network resources for the previous configuration

Cell DCH

ALCAP Iub Data Transport bearer Release

Synchronised DCH modify w/o transport bearer reconfiguration


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