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UNIT 6 Speaking Practice A. Short presentation.

Presentation tips: During the preparation time (10 minutes) make sure you: have clearly understood the task organise your talk with an introduction and conclusion, and make the structure explicit when giving the talk, in order to show some evidence of planning. use specific reasons and examples to support your argument express yourself clearly and coherently by using relevant vocabulary and structure range, target language pronunciation and intonation make good use of linking words avoid lexical repetition whenever lexical substitution is possible and do not repeat ideas approach the task as if giving a presentation in a business environment.

Choose to present on one of the topics below: 1. There are few problems to be anticipated when thinking about setting up ones own business. 2. International trade is full of risks. Assessment: You may want to use the Speaking Test Assessment Grid to assess the presentations made by your colleagues. Speaking Test Assessment Grid Verbal Input 1 - Presentation 1-6 Does the speaker show a clear understanding of the task? Is there an appropriate structuring of the presentation? Does the speaker develop ideas rather than repeat them? Are the ideas clearly expressed and easy to understand? Does the speaker perform in a clear and natural manner? Is appropriate signposting and linking language used? Does the speaker use relevant business terms? Does the speaker use the appropriate rhythm, pronunciation and intonation? Is the presentation of an appropriate length? 1-6

B.Interaction
During the interaction (up to 5 minutes) make sure you: are ready to sustain interaction and show sensitivity to turn-taking whenever the examiner signals it 1

respond adequately to the examiners questions by using specific reasons and examples to support your argument take into account the examiners prompts meant to extend the discussion express yourself clearly and coherently by using relevant vocabulary and structure range, target language pronunciation and intonation make good use of linking words know how to manage your hesitations approach the task as if in a real business situation

Get ready to interact on one of the following topics: I. Entrepreneurship 1. What are successful entrepreneurs like? 2. What do you understand by A man is known by the company he organizes? 3. What characterizes entrepreneurial culture around the world? or II. International Trade 1. Why do countries trade? 2. Which are the most frequently used terms of payment in international transactions? Tips: cash in advance of the shipment or provision of the shipment (this is the most secure form of payment for the exporter; however, it is the least appealing to the buyer) letter of credit (it serves as the buyers promise to pay) documentary credit (this payment method allows the exporter to ship goods to the buyer while retaining the title documents until the buyer pays for the goods or provides an acceptable bill of exchange)

3. Why do most governments impose tariffs and/or quotas? (for more information on this topic go to http://www.globalization101.org/issue/trade/12.asp).

Assessment:
You may want to use the Speaking Test Assessment Grid to assess your colleagues performance while interacting on a given topic. Speaking Test Assessment Grid Verbal Input 2 - Interaction 1-6 Does the student show a clear understanding of the task? Does the student listen and then respond adequately to the question? Are the ideas clearly expressed and easy to understand? Does the speaker perform in a clear and natural manner? Is appropriate signposting and linking language used? Does the speaker use relevant business terms? Does the speaker use the appropriate rhythm, pronunciation 2 1-6

and intonation? Does the student ask for clarification when necessary? Does the student manage hesitations adequately?