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PHYSICS TEST 1 FORM 4 NAME: ________________________

DATE: __________ CLASS: __________

2.7 Safety Features In Vehicles: Diagram below shows a model of a school bus.

Explain the modification to the bus to help to improve the safety of the passengers and will be more comfortable. Emphasize your explanation in the following aspects: (i) the shape of the bus body (ii) safety features of the bus SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS 1. Present the answers in table form. 2. Each fact must be followed by an explanation/reason. 3. Give short and accurate answer. 1 mark is given for one modification and 1 mark is given for explanation. You can write more than that. Marks are not deducted for incorrect answers. Make sure that your answers are logic and acceptable by common sense. The examiners will not judge your grammar and linguistic arts; they will judge the facts only. MODIFICATIONS (1 mark) (1 mark) (1 mark) (1 mark) (1 mark) EXPLANATION (1 mark) (1 mark) (1 mark) (1 mark) (1 mark)

1. A wooden dowel is fitted in a hole through a wooden block as shown in figure. Explain what happen when we (a) strike the top of the dowel with a hammer, ____________________________________________________________________(2 marks) (b) hit the end of the dowel on the floor. ____________________________________________________________________(2 marks)

2. Car A of mass 100 kg traveling at 30 m s-1 collides with Car B of mass 90 kg traveling at 20 m s1 in front of it. Car A is pulled by Car B after collision. Determine the common velocity of Car A and B after collision. ____________________________________________________________________ (2 marks) 3. A trolley of mass 4 kg moves at 3 m s-1 and collide with a trolley of mass 2 kg which is moving in the opposite direction at 1 m s-1. After the collision, both trolleys move together with the same velocity. What is their common velocity? ____________________________________________________________________(2 marks) 4. A riffle of mass 5.0 kg fires a bullet of mass 50 g with a velocity of 80 m s-1 .Calculate the recoil velocity. Explain why the recoil velocity of a riffle is much less than the velocity of the bullet. ____________________________________________________________________ (2 marks) 5. Label the action force. Stationary object

6. A trolley of mass 30 kg is pulled along the ground by horizontal force of 50 N. The opposing frictional force is 20 N. Calculate the acceleration of the trolley. ___________________________________________________________________ (2 marks) 7. A 1000 kg car is travelling at 72 km h-1 when the brakes are applied. It comes to a stop in a distance of 40 m. What is the average braking force of the car? ____________________________________________________________________ (2 marks) 8. A force of 20 N is applied for 0.8 s when a football player throws a ball from the sideline. What is the impulse given to the ball? ____________________________________________________________________ (2 marks) 9. A stuntman in a movie jumps from a tall building an falls toward the ground. A large canvas bag filled with air used to break his fall. How is the impulsive force reduced? ____________________________________________________________________ (2 marks) 10. What is meaning of a. inertia_____________________________________________________________(1 mark) b. The principle of conservation of momentum ____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) c. Impulse______________________________________________________________ (1 mark)