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# PHYSICS HOLIDAY ASSESSMENT 2008 FORM 4 CHAPTER 1 : INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS Part A : Objective Question 1.

Which of the following is a base SI quantity? A Weight B Energy C Velocity D Mass 2. Which of the following is a derived quantity? A Length B Mass C Temperature D Voltage 3. Which of the following is not a basic unit? A Newton B kilogram C ampere D second 4. Which of the following quantities cannot be derived? A Electric current B Power C Momentum D Force 5. Which of the following quantities is not derived from the basic physical quantity of length? A Electric charge B Density C Velocity D Volume 6. Initial velocity u, final velocity v, time t and another physical quantity k is related by the equation v - u = kt. The unit for k is A m s-1 B m-1 s -2 C ms D m2 s-2 7. Which of the following has the smallest magnitude? A megametre B centimetre C kilometre D mikrometre 8. 4 328 000 000 mm in standard form is A 4.328 x 10-9 m B 4.328 x 10-6 m C 4.328 x 106 m D 4.328 x 109 m 9. Which of the following measurements is the longest? A 1.2 x 10-5 cm B 120 x 10-4 dm C 0.12 mm D 1.2 x 10-11 km

## Physics Unit, MRSM Alor Gajah

Mechanical Energy

10. The diameter of a particle is 250 m. What is its diameter in cm? A 2.5 x 10-2 B 2.5 x 10-4 -6 C 2.5 x 10 D 2.5 x 10-8 11. Which of the following prefixes is arranged in ascending order? A mili, senti, mikro, desi B mikro, mili, senti, desi C mili, mikro, desi, senti D desi, mikro, mili, senti 12. Velocity, density, force and energy are A basic quantities B scalar quantities C derived quantities D vector quantities 13. Which of the following shows the correct conversion of units? A 24 mm3 =2.4 x 10-6 m3 B 300 mm3=3.0 x 10-7 m3 C 800 mm3=8.0 x 10-2 m3 D 1 000 mm3=1.0 x 10-4 m3 14. Which of the following measurements is the shortest ? A 3.45 x 103 m B 3.45 x 104 cm C 3.45 x 107 mm D 3.45 x 1012 m 15. The Hitz FM channel broadcasts radio waves at a frequency of 92.8 MHz in the north region. What is the frequency of the radio wave in Hz? A 9.28 x 104 B 9.28 x 105 7 C 9.28 x 10 D 9.28 x 1010 16. An object moves along a straight line for time, t. The length of the line, s is given by the equation s = SI unit of g is A m2 s2 C s-1
1 2 gt . The 2

B m s-2 D s-2 m

## Physics Unit, MRSM Alor Gajah

1. A car moves with an average speed of 75 km h-1 from town P to town Q in 2 hours as shown in Figure 1. By using this information, you may calculate the distance between the two towns. P Q

Figure 1 (a) (i) Based on the statements given, state two basic quantities and their respective SI units. (ii) State a derived quantity and its SI unit. (b) Convert the value 1 . m to standard form. 5 x 10-3 (c) Complete Table 1 by writing the value of each given prefix.

Table 1

(d)

Power is defined as the rate of change of work done. Derive the unit for power in terms of its basic units. (e) Calculate the volume of a wooden block with dimension of 7 cm, 5 cm breadth and 12 cm height in m3 and convert its value in standard form. 2. Figure 2 shows an ammeter of 03 A range.

Figure 2

## (b) Table 2 shows three current readings obtained by three students.

Table 2 (i) Did all the students use the ammeter in Figure2? (ii) Explain your answer in (b)(i). 3. Figure 3 shows the meniscus of water in a measuring cylinder K, L, and M are three eye positions while measuring the volume of the water.

Figure 3

(a) Which of the eye positions is correct while taking the reading of the volume of water? (b) The water in the measuring cylinder is replaced with 30 cm3 of mercury. (i) In Figure 4, draw the meniscus of the mercury in the measuring cylinder. (ii) Explain why the shape of the meniscus of mercury is as drawn in (b)(i).

Figure 4

CHAPTER 2 : FORCES & MOTION Part A : Objective Questions 1. When a coconut is falling to the ground, which of the following quantities is constant?

Mechanical Energy

## Physics Unit, MRSM Alor Gajah

A. Velocity C. Acceleration B. Momentum D. Kinetic energy 2. In an inelastic collision, which of the following quantities remains constant before and after the collision? A. Total acceleration C. Total momentum B. Total velocity D. Total kinetic energy 3. Calculate the weight of a stone with mass 60 g on the surface of the moon. (The gravitational acceleration of the moon is 1/6 that of the Earth.) A. 0.1 N D. 12.0 s B. 0.2 N E. 0.8 N C. 0.4 N 4. The momentum of a paticle is dependent on A. mass and acceleration C. mass and velocity B. weight and force 5. Which of the following diagrams shows a body moving at constant velocity? A. 2 N 2N B. 12 N 7N 14 N 17 N

C. 12 N D. 20 N

6. The graph below shows the motion of a trolley with mass 1.5 kg. Velocity / ms-1 4

0 2 4 6 Time / s Calculate the momentum of the trolley from t = 2s to t = 4s. A. 1.5 kg m s-1 D. 6.0 kg m s-1 B. 3.0 kg m s-1 E. 7.5 kg m s-1 -1 C. 4.0 kg m s 7. This figure shows an aircraft flying in the air. Lift Thrust Weight The aircraft above accelerates if 8. A. Lift > Weight m = 0.3 kg B. Thrust > Lift 5m Air friction

## Physics Unit, MRSM Alor Gajah

What is the momentum of the stone just before it hits the ground? A. 0.15 kg m s-1 B. 0.3 kg m s-1 C. 1.5 kg m s-1 D. 3.0 kg m s-1 E. 15.0 kg m s-1 9. A big ship will keep moving for some distance when its engine is turned off. This situation happens because the ship has A. great inertia B. great acceleration C. great momentum D. great kinetic energy 10. An iron ball is dropped at a height of 10 m from the surface of the moon. Calculate the time needed for the iron ball to land. (Gravitational acceleration of the moon is 1/6 that of the Earth and g = 9.8 N kg-2) A 0.6 s D 3.5 s B 1.4 s E 12.0 s C 1.7 s Part B : Essay Questions

(i)

(ii)

Diagram 1.1 Diagram 1.1(i) shows the condition of a car moving at high velocity when it suddenly crashes into a wall. Diagram 1.1(ii) shows a tennis ball hit with racquet by a player. a) (i) What is the meaning of momentum? (ii) Based on the observations of Diagram (i) and (ii), compare the characteristics of car when it crashes into the wall and the tennis ball when it is hit with a racquet. Hence, relate these characteristics to clarify a physics concept, and name this concept. b) Explain why a tennis player uses a taut racquet when playing. c) In launching a rocket, a few technical problems have to be overcome before the rocket can move upright to the sky. By using appropriate physics concepts, describe the design of a rocket and the launch techniques that can launch the rocket upright. CHAPTER 3 : FORCES & PRESSURE Mechanical Energy Part A: Objective Question

PHYSICS HOLIDAY ASSESSMENT 2008 FORM 4 1. A cylinder has a mass of 12kg and a cross-sectional area of 200cm2. What is the pressure acting at its base? A. 6 kPa D. 15 kPa B. 9 kPa E. 18 kPa C. 12 kPa 2. Wind blows normally on a wall at a pressure of 200kPa. If the wall has an area of 5m2., what is the force acting on the wall? A. 40kN D. 1200kN B. 800kN E. 1600kN C. 1000kN 3. Which of the following factor does not influence the pressure of a liquid? A. Depth B. Acceleration due to gravity C. Density D. Volume 4. Mercury has density of 13600kgm-3. If the pressure of mercury is 650kPa, what is the depth from its surface? A. 4.0m D. 6.4m B. 4.8m E. 8.0m C. 5.8m 5. What is the pressure of the gas trapped inside the J-tube, in Pa unit?

## Physics Unit, MRSM Alor Gajah

6. Which instruments is meant for measuring atmospheric pressure? A. Carburettor B. Siphon C. Fortins Barometer D. Hydrometer 7. Figure 7 shows a hydraulic jack. Piston A and piston B have crosssectional areas 5cm2 and 100cm2 respectively. If mass of 3kg is placed on piston A, what is the maximum weight that can be lifted by piston B?

Figure 7

A. B. C. D. E.

1.19 x 105 Pa 1.90 x 105 Pa 2.19 x 105 Pa 2.90 x 105 Pa 3.14 x 105 Pa

A. 300N D. 900N B. 600N E. 1000N C. 800N 8. Which of the following device is based on the Pascals Principle of pressure transmission? A. Hydrometer B. Cars hydraulic brake C. Bunsen burner D. Fire extinguisher 9. A ship of mass 80000kg floats on the sea surface. If the density of the sea water is 1250kgm-3, what is the volume of the displaced sea water? A. 6.4 m3 D. 800 m3 3 B. 64 m E. 900 m3 C. 640 m3

Part B: Structured Question 1. Diagram shows a set up of apparatus for measuring atmospheric pressure.

(a) What is the name for the instrument? .. (b) Determine the atmospheric pressure as measured by the instrument , (i) in the cm Hg unit .. (ii) in the Pa unit .. (c) State the change of length of the mercury column above the mercury surface (i) The tube is raised by 10cm ... . (ii) The surrounding temperature increases .. (iii) The instrument is brought to the peak of a mountain .. (iv) Water vapor is brought to the vacuum region Part C: Essay Question 1. (a) A fisherman finds that his boat is at different levels in the sea and in the river, although the boat carries the same load. The density of sea water is 1 025 kg m-3 and of river water is 1 000 kg m-3. Figure 1 and 2 illustrate the situation of the boat in the sea and in the river.

## (i) What is meant by density?

(ii) Using Figure 1 and 2, compare the levels of the boat and the volumes of water displaced by the boat. Relating the mass of the boat with its load, the volume of water displaced and the density of the water, deduce a relevant physics concept. (iii) Name the physics principle that explains the above situation. (b) A submarine can sail on the sea surface and under the sea. Explain how a submarine on the surface submerges. 2. Figure below shows an iron penetrates a layer of sand placed in a beaker. When water is poured into the beaker, the iron rod makes another penetration into the sand layer as shown in figure below. Iron
rod

Wate r