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Drive to Detect Fake Driving Licenses
The national register and national transport portal was launched which will make detection of fake driving licenses and tracking stolen vehicles easier. It will provide information to the transport department, police department and automobile dealers.The national registry is a central pool of all driving licenses (DLs) and vehicles registered in India. It could be accessed for a quick verification by all states and road transport offices. This could be used to prosecute errant drivers.This system will be completely IT based which will also leave no room for officials to make any mistake. Act was intended to ban the use of adulterated and misbranded products. Therefore, this rule could not be invoked to ban sale of non-iodised salt. The court stated that if the government wanted to ban noniodised salt it should have come out with different legislation.The Supreme Court gave the above ruling in response to the writ petition filed by the Academy of Nutrition Improvement challenging the ban on non-iodised salt.The government had made the consumption of only iodised salt mandatory on the basis that deficiency of iodine caused a lot of disorders like dwarfism, squint eye, lower IQ and mental retardation.

HRD Ministry Took Over NCTE
The HRD (Human Resource Development) ministry superseded the National Council for Teacher Education through a gazette notification. All members of the NCTE were asked to vacate their office. Now all powers and duties would now be carried out by officials appointed by the HRD ministry.The HRD ministry took this step because it found the large scale irregularities in the grant of recognition to teacher training institutes.

Gorkhaland Territorial Administration
A tripartite agreement was signed between the Centre, West Bengal government and the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha(GJM) at Pintail village near Siliguri paving the way for the setting up of the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration( GTA), an elected body for the Darjeeling hills. The new set-up will have 50 members; 45 of them will be elected and the rest nominated. A Bill for this will be moved in the state assembly and it will be sent to the President for assent. Elections to the new body would be held within six months.

Special Investigation Team On Black Money By SC
The Supreme Court of India appointed SIT (Special Investigation Team), a committee of two of its retired judges to follow the trail of black money stashed in foreign banks. It also asked the govt. to rev the names of those who have accounts in foreign banks and against whom inquiries have been started. SIT comprised Justice Jeevan Reddy and Justice MB Shah. The committee set up by the Union government will be part of the judicial panel. It will include economists who have been asked by the governments to make a strategy to trace and bring back money stashed in foreign banks.The Court asked the government to issue the necessary notifications for the SIT, which will report to the court. All govern-

Ban on Non-Iodised Salt Unconstitutional
The Supreme Court of India held in its recent judgment that the prohibition imposed by the centre on non-iodised salt for human consumption is unconstitutional. The court however said that the ban will continue for six months.A bench of Supreme Court including Justice B Sudershan Reddy (since retired) and Justice Raveendran held that Rule 44-I of the Prevention of Food Adulteration Rules, 1955, was unconstitutional. The Prevention of Food Adulteration

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ment authorities were told to cooperate with the SIT. The panel has been given power to travel to other countries and to gather information from government agencies.The step taken by the Supreme Court is a snub to the government which has set up its own committee to find black money and bring it back to India.

Work on 2 Units of Atomic Power Station Inaugurated in Rajasthan

Construction work on two more units of 700 MW each at the Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS) was inaugurated by Atomic Energy Commission Chairman Srikumar Banerjee. Exploratory works unveiled uranium deposits at another site, Tummalapalle spread over 35 km. At present, the country is estimated to have a total reserve of about 175000 tonnes of uranium. The findings are deemed as a major development. Nuclear power is considered to be absolutely essential to meet the growing energy needs of the country. If the economy has to grow by 9 per cent per annum, 10 per cent growth in electricity production will be required.The two new nuclear units at Rawatbhata being constructed at an estimated cost of Rs. 12000 crore and scheduled to be ready in five years are on the lines of the two 700 MW reactors under construction at Kakrapar in Gujarat.The reactors were designed by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited by scaling up the 540 MW reactors operating at Tarapur in Maharashtra since 2005.The reactors are known to have advanced safety features, including passive safety systems that work on natural principles such as gravity, and natural convection and do not need operator intervention or motive power to ensure reactor safety under any state of operations. There are two independent and diverse systems to shut down the reactor, a passive decay heat removal system to ensure cooling of the reactor core even in case of total loss of power and steel-lined containment to contain the entire radioactivity within the reactor building even in a severe accident scenario.

ers in the unorganized sector. The fund will be administered by the National Social Security Board. The fund was announced during the budget 2010-11 by the Union Finance minister Pranav Mukherjee. The Ministry of Labour & Employment will be the nodal Ministry for the operation of the Fund. According to an estimate done by the National Sample Survey Organisation total unemployment in both organised and unorganized sector is 45.9 crore workers. Out of them, 43.3 crore workers belong to unorganized sectorThere is an absence of social security protection for unorganised workers in India despite the fact they form the most significant part of total workers in the country.

India is 10th Largest Exporter of Services
According to a latest World Trade organisation (WTO) report India achieved tenth rank in export of services worldwide and emerged as the 20th biggest merchandise exporter in 2010. India stood 12th and 22nd position globally in services and goods exports, respectively in 2009. In value terms India exported services and merchandise worth $110 billion and $216 billion, respectively in 2010. India's goods exports went up by 31 per cent in 2010, helping the country to expand its market share to 1.4 per cent from 1.2 per cent in 2009.Engineering and petroleum exports contribute about 40% of India’s total exports.The increase in export was attributed to increasing demand for Indian goods in new markets like Latin America and Africa. According to apex exporters body Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO), the diversification of India's exports basket also helped in increasing the shipments.India's services exports share in the world exports increased to 3 per cent in 2010 from 2.6 per cent in 2009.The report ranked China first in terms of merchandise exports followed by the U.S. and Germany. In services export, the U.S. is on the top slot followed by Germany and the U.K.

National Social Security Fund (NSSF)

Renuka Dam Project Held Up By NGT Orders
The national green tribunal ordered Himachal Pradesh Power Corporation Ltd (HPPCL) to stop all construction work related to the Renuka Dam project.The dam on the Giri river will offer a storage capacity of 542 million cubic metres of water and an installed power capacity of 40 MW. The proposed Renuka Dam

The Union Cabinet of India gave its approval for setting up a national level security fund (NSSF) for unorganized sectors named as National Social Security Fund. The fund is likely to benefit 43.3 crore work-

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Project is one of the largest projects in the backward district of Sirmour in Himachal Pradesh. The state governments of Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan signed a Memorandum of Understanding on 12 May, 1994 for the utilization and allocation of the waters of the Upper Yamuna . As a part of this agreement, a storage dam was to be constructed across Giri river, a tributary of the Yamuna, at Renukaji in Sirmour district of Himachal Pradesh. Forest clearance to the project was cancelled by the ministry of environment and forests in October, 2010. The assessment report mentions that about 308 families will be displaced and about 37 villages will be impacted because of the Renuka Dam project.

ducted for all pregnant women irrespective of their age and for all people who are above the age of 30 years.

Government’s Lokpal Bill, 2011
The Union Cabinet of India approved the proposal for the enactment of a new legislation in the form of the Lokpal Bill, 2011. The Bill provides for the establishment of the institution of Lokpal to inquire into allegations of corruption against certain public functionaries and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. The Lokpal will consist of a Chairperson and 8 members. Half of the members shall be judicial members. The Chairperson would be from the judiciary and only a serving or retired Chief Justice of India or a Judge of the Supreme Court would be eligible for being appointed as Chairperson. It will have its own Investigation Wing and Prosecution Wing with such officers and staff as are necessary to carry out its functions. The All Party Meeting on Lok Pal bill agreed that Government should bring before the monsoon session of Parliament a strong and effective Lokpal Bill following the established procedures.The Lokpal shall inquire into allegations of corruption made in respect of Prime Minister, after he has demitted office; a Minister of the Union; a Member of Parliament; any Group 'A' officer or equivalent; Chairperson or member or officer equivalent to Group 'A' in any body/ Board/ corporation/ authority/ company/ society/ trust/ autonomous body established by an Act of Parliament or wholly or partly financed or controlled by the Central Government; any director, manager, secretary or other officer of a society or association of persons or trust wholly or partly financed or aided by the Government or in receipt of any donations from the public and whose annual income exceeds such amount as the Central Government may by notification specify. However, the organisations created for religious purposes and receiving public donations would be outside the purview of Lokpal.The Lokpal shall not require sanction or approval under Section 197 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 or Section 19 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, in cases where prosecution is proposed. The Lokpal will also have powers to attach the property of corrupt public servants acquired through corrupt means. The bill was

20 Percent Rise in Tiger Population
India registered a 20 per cent increase in tiger population in 2010, according to a report- Status of tigers, co-predators and prey in India-2010 .The report stated that the estimated population of 1, 706 individual tigers represents a 20 per cent increase from the last survey in 2006, which estimated a number of 1,411 tigers. The assessment of tigers included 17 States with tiger population. The assessment of tigers is done once every four years and is a collaborative initiative between the National Tiger Conservation Authority, the Wildlife Institute of India, tiger States and outside expertise.The increase in the numbers happened because of the fact that tiger populations in Uttarakhand, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Karnataka have shown an increase in their density.However, the report warned that tigers are still in danger due to an overall 12.6 per cent loss of habitat. It could result into a lack of dispersal and consequent loss of genetic exchange between populations, and an increase in human-tiger conflict.

Campaign Against Diabetes and Hypertension
Union Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad launched a campaign against diabetes and hypertension in slums of Delhi on 19 July 2011. The mass screening programme will cover slum clusters in Delhi to detect people affected with diabetes and hypertension. The ministry decided to screen around five crore people before September 2011. The UN General Assembly will hold a special session to discuss means to control these diseases.The screening will be con-

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introduced in 2005 during the UPA-one regime and is part of the Common Minimum Programme.

36% Indians Suffered From MDE
World Health Organization-sponsored study on Major Depressive Episode (MDE) published in the BMC Medicine journal revealed that Indians are among the world’s most depressed. 9% of people in India reported having an extended period of depression within their lifetime, nearly 36% suffered from what is called Major Depressive Episode (MDE). According to the study, the average lifetime and 12-month prevalence estimates of MDE were 14.6% and 5.5% in the 10 high-income and 11.1% and 5.9% in the eight low to middle-income countries. The average age of onset ascertained retrospectively was 25.7 in the high-income and 24 in low to middle income countries. The female: male ratio was about 2:1.Lowest prevalence of MDE was in China (12%). The average age of depression in India is 31.9 years compared to 18.8 years in China, and 22.7 years in the US. Increased stress, lonely lives and the falling apart of the social support systems like joint families was cited as a major cause of growing depression among Indians.The study based on interviews of more than 89000 people in 18 different countries by 20 different researchers stated that depression affects nearly 121 million people worldwide. It is the second contributor to shorter lifespan for individuals in the 1544 age group.The percentage of respondents, who had lifetime MDE was higher in high-income (28.1%) than in low to middle-income (19.8%) countries. When it came to lifetime prevalence rates of depression, France (21%) and the US (19.2%) reported the highest rates of depression. Women, according to the study are twice as likely to suffer depression as men and the loss of a partner, whether from death or divorce, was a main factor, the study reveals. What is MDE? MDE is characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, low energy and poor concentration, besides feeling depressed. This is the feeling of tremendous helplessness, and worthlessness. Planned suicide is the highest among those suffering from MDE. Those suffering from MDE don’t have the strength to conduct day-to-day chores and become dysfunctional.

142 Crore For 6 DD Channels
The Information & Broadcasting (I&B) ministry in July 2011 approved Prasar Bharati’s proposal to commission and produce new content for DD- Urdu, regional language satellite channels like DD-Oriya, DD-India, DD-Bharati, DD-News and DDArchives.The decision was taken considering the growing popularity of regional language channels and DD-Urdu. DD-Urdu was targeted at south Asian neighborhood and Indian diaspora in West Asia, Europe, America and Central Asia. Sources said DDUrdu is being run with repeat Urdu programmes acquired in 2007-08.The government decided to invest Rs 142 crore to revamp content for six Doordarshan channels, including DD-Urdu. The new project is expected to revitalize the channels by introducing new programming.DD-India, the state broadcaster’s international channel, suffered the worst neglect over the years. The I&B ministry is therefore working with the ministry of external affairs to coordinate with multi-system operators, who can receive DD-India signal in the concerned country.

Water Allocation is Not A Matter of Judicial Review
The Supreme Court of India on 25 July 2011 stated in its ruling that water allocated by a state for a particular region is not a matter of judicial review. A Supreme Court bench including Justice Markandey Katju and Justice CK Prasad gave the ruling.The bench gave the ruling while dismissing a plea for a direction for allocation of adequate water in Kachchh district in Gujarat. The Kachchh Jal Sankat Nivara had filed the petition asking for release of water from the Sardar Sarovar Dam by the State government to the district.The Bench pointed out that all these decisions required delicate balancing and consideration of complex social and economical issues which could not be brought under judicial scrutiny.

Challenge to Uniform Syllabus
Tamil Nadu state government filed a leave petition in the Supreme Court which challenged the Madras high court order to implement Samacheer Kalvi(uniform syllabus education system) in schools

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across Tamil Nadu.In its order on 18 July 2011, the Madras High Court struck down Section 3 of the Uniform System of School Education (Amendment Act 2010) as unconstitutional. This was passed by the State government seeking to defer the implementation of Samacheer Kalvi which was introduced by the previous Tamil Nadu government for the Academic year 2011-12.

India Accepted International Norms to Limit Ship Pollution
India on 21 July 2011 accepted international norms for the prevention of air pollution emanating from ships. The norms were proposed under a 1997 protocol of the International Maritime organisation. The 1997 protocol set limits on sulphur oxide and nitrogen oxide emissions and prohibits emissions of ozone depleting fumes.International Maritime Organisation is an agency of the United Nations which has been formed to promote maritime safety. It was formally established by an international conference in Geneva in 1948. The 1997 protocol includes Annex VI titled Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships. Annex VI came into force in the year 2005.

Comprehensive Survey On Sex Workers' Number
The Supreme Court of India on 19 July 2011 directed the Centre, States and Union Territories to carry out a comprehensive survey to determine the number of sex workers in India who are agreeable for rehabilitation. A bench including Justice Markandeya Katju and Justice Gyan Sudha Mishra in an order also directed the Centre and States to file affidavits within two weeks on suggestions and recommendations for improving the lot of sex workers. The Supreme Court constituted a panel comprising senior advocates and NGOs to assist the court in monitoring the rehabilitation work for sex workers.The apex court passed the direction while dealing with a petition relating to the plight of sex workers, in which the bench had appointed senior counsel Jayant Bhushan as an amicus curiae.

MPLADs Incresed to 5 Crore Rupees
The Union Cabinet of India in its meeting on 7 July 2011 decided to increase the development funds allocated to Members of Parliament under Local Area Development (MPLAD) Scheme from the existing 2 crore to 5 crore rupees from the financial year 201112. The meeting was chaired by the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The enhanced total expenditure will amount to 3950 crore rupees an increase of 2370 crore rupees from the earlier 1580 crore per annum.The cabinet also approved annual administrative expenses of 2 percent of the annual outlay under MPLAD scheme to be given to the states and districts so that the scheme could be monitored and implemented properly.The MPLAD scheme was launched in 199394. The project funded include creation of infrastructure to provide education, public health, drinking water, sanitation and roads. It should be noted that under MPLAD scheme, funds are allocated to MPs of both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
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Hungary. She never went public to win campaign. This was the 10th ASEM Foreign Ministers' Meeting. This came as a big surprise for the people.Asian and European foreign ministers on 5 July 2011 reached an agreement to cooperate closer in dealing with the non-traditional security challenges. The list includes the likes of Fatima Jinnah to Benazir Bhutto. The sectors which showed the increase in unemployment are. Asia-Europe (ASEM) Meeting A two-day meeting of foreign ministers of the 46nation Asia-Europe (ASEM) held in Godollo. We have in the past few years the evolvement of women in Pakistan. is the youngest minister to accept the post.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal.UPSCPORTAL.Next Asia-Europe (ASEM) meet will be held in India in care and manufacturing.The Security forces of Pakistan were alleged to play a role in the killing of Pakistani jour- Salient Features of ASEM Meet » The meeting held discussions on regional and in» A separate plenary session was devoted to global ternational issues of common interest. Middle-East and the Arab world. Now women are rejecting the roles that many men try to cast them in. while an ASEM summit will be held in Vientiane. environment protection.34. nalist Saleem Shahzad who wrote about infiltration of the military by extremists. sustainable development. Since she belongs to a political family it is said that for any years the seat was with held by her father Ghulam Noor Rabbani Khar and she gives her winning credit to her political father. G-20 etc. as well as. Copyright © 2011 | WWW. Rabbabi offers hope to a number of women in Pakistan not in terms of their lifestyle but in terms of their way to choose their lives. Sherry Rehman and now Hina Rabbani Khar. illegal migration and infectious diseases. non-proliferation and disarmament. Laos in INTERNATIONAL ISSUES Hina Rabbani Khar is Pak’s New Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar was appointed as Pakistan’s new foreign minister. Asia. Hungary is the current holder of the EU's rotating presidency. ongoing efforts in Europe and Asia to overcome the consequences of the economic and financial crisis. US suspension of aid could be a result of this killing. disaster relief and management.2 Percent Unemployment in USA The United States Bureau of Labour Statistics (BLS) revealed that the unemployment in US increased to 9. The summit was chaired by Catherine Ashton. This action taken by the US government suggests that US doesn’t rely completely on Pakistan in its fight against terrorism. The meeting focused on increasing international collaboration in dealing with a cluster of nontraditional security threats ranging from terrorism and piracy to food and energy security. climate change.COM 15 . » ASEM meet further exchanged views on. G-8. Asma Jahangir. matters relating to economic governance and the reform of the international financial system. USA Suspended Military Aid to Pakistan USA announced that it withheld the 800 million dollars aid to the Pakistan’s military. Khar . 9.This reflects the recent slowdown of economic growth. issues such as UN Reforms. the foreign policy chief of the European Union (EU) while Hungarian Foreign Minister Janos Martonyi took over the chair on 5 July 2011. Khar was elected twice to the national assembly during Musharrafs’ reign in 2002 and during Benazir’s stint in the year 2008. leisure and hospitality and manufacturing. But with a country with young population Khar seems to be making place for herself. Since her appointment as the foreign minister of Pakistan Khar has been continuously criticised because to is too young to handle foreign affairs of Pakistan and that she holds a degree in hospitality management and she even has a degree in economics.2 percent for the month of June and over 14 million people were jobless. including developments in Europe.

except those needed for its liquidation. economic and socio-cultural cooperation.ASEM also comprises two international organisations. including the logistics necessary for achieving the new scope of functions to be performed from UNMIS to the new Mission and to the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA).COM 16 . 27 countries are from the EU and 19 countries are from Asia India has been participating in ASEM meetings since 2007. ASEM. for expanding political and security. The theme for the World Hepatitis Day was This is hepatitis.e. Hepatitis affects everyone.After the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution to acclaim the independence South Sudan became Africa’s newest India’s Response: At the ASEM Foreign Ministers' Meeting in Godollo on 5 July 2011. France. the Council South Sudan is Independent The United Nations-African Union peacekeeping force in Darfur welcomed the agreement signed on 14 July 2011. to close the six-year-old UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS). businesses and civil society groups. Outside of the government-level meetings. The agreement was based on the Doha Document for Peace of the Security Council of the UN. Confront it. held that their respective forces which clashed repeatedly in the disputed region are to withdraw from Abyei. It welcomed independent South Sudan to the community of nations.ASEM was set up in 1996. emphasized the need for an orderly withdrawal of UNMIS following the termination of its mandate to pave the way for the new UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS). The agreement signed between the north and the south Sudan in June 2010. China. the 10-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the European Union.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. » Any recommendations for admission must receive tions contained in the Charter of the United Nations and solemnly undertook to fulfill them. a 20 percent increase to the inter-regional forum. UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) was given the initial task of monitoring the complete withdrawal of forces from all of Abyei. everywhere. which became the 192nd UN Member » The Council also looked forward to transfer ap- propriate staff and supplies. the Trans-Eurasia Information Network (TEIN) a ground-breaking research and education network connecting researchers in both continents are included. ASEM also brings together.In the key achievements of ASEM.e. The last country to join the world body was Montenegro. and called on the SecretaryGeneral of the UN to complete the withdrawal of all its uniformed and civilian personnel. between the Sudanese Government and the rebel Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM).UPSCPORTAL. What is ASEM ? ASEM represents over half of the global population and accounts for more than half of the global GDP. which was set up to assist the parties in implementing the CPA. in individual fora. lawmakers. India also announced its decision to hike its financial contribution. The agreement was a commitment on the part of the Sudanese Government and the LJM to the draft document that was required to form the basis of a permanent ceasefire and a comprehensive peace agreement to end the fighting that began in 2003. Russia. Doha. An estimated 300. » The Republic of South Sudan accepted the obliga- Resolutions And Recommendations: » In an unanimously adopted resolution. United Kingdom and United States voted against the application. State on June 28 2006 after it gained its independence from Serbia. The General Assembly of the United Nations admitted the Republic of South Sudan as the 193rd member of the United Nations on 14 July 2011. the affirmative votes of nine of the Council’s 15 members.It held its first summit meeting at Bangkok. » The Un Security Council decided on 11 July 2011. provided that none of its five permanent members i. The protocol agreement was signed in the Qatari capital. India announced that it would host the meeting of ASEM forum in 2013.000 people were killed since conflict erupted in Darfur in 2003. i. The slogan for World hepatitis Day 2011 was Know it.World Hepatitis Day was observed on 28 July 2011 to raise glo- Copyright © 2011 | WWW. by 31 August 2011.It is a forum of 46 Asian and European countries. World Hepatitis Day The first official World Health Organizationsupported World Hepatitis Day being coordinated in partnership with the World Hepatitis Alliance was observed on 28 July 2011.

China stood at 2nd position with inflows totalling $106 billion in 2010. The World Hepatitis Alliance and the WHO jointly agreed that the core global objectives of the World Hepatitis Day campaign are to: » Raise awareness and understanding of hepatitis among the general public The country that saw the maximum FDI inflow in 2010 was the United States at $228 billion. a native of southern Vietnam and a student militant imprisoned by the then US-backed South Vietnam regime. India’s position among the top 20 FDI recipients fell to 14th position. services outsourcing.24 trillion in 2010 compared to 2009. According to the report. the first being revered founding father Ho Chi Minh. Bourgelat also created the veterinary profession itself. 2011 also marks the 250th anniversary of the concept of comparative biopathology. from 8th in 2009.The system is likely to become operational by 1 December 2011. Sang succeeded Nguyen Minh Triet. France. Copyright © 2011 | WWW. Sang went on to become became mayor of Ho Chi Minh City. in 1761. The Alfort veterinary school was next to come up near Paris in 1764. Truong Tan Sang is Vietnam’s 9th President Vietnam’s lawmaking National Assembly appointed Truong Tan Sang as the communist country’s new president on 25 July 2011 following Vietnam’s 13th National Assembly election. Thus the year 2011 marks the 250th world anniversary of veterinary education. 2011 marks the 250th anniversary of the founding of the world’s first veterinary school in Lyon.The world’s first veterinary school was founded in Lyon.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. Thus.According to UNCTAD. with inflows expected to be up to $1. The new system is designed to provide protection against missile attacks on Moscow and central Russia.UPSCPORTAL. By setting up the world’s first veterinary training bal awareness of hepatitis B and hepatitis C and encourage prevention. France. or Vet2011 is to celebrate the rich history of the veterinary profession and the veterinarians around the world who continue to protect human and animal health.COM 17 .Sang had been the ruling Communist Party's de facto number two since 2006. an arch rival of Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung is the ninth president f the country. He had mounted an aggressive challenge for the prime minister's job before the party's January congress. UNCTAD report projected foreign direct investments worldwide to return to pre-crisis levels this year. World Veterinary Year. The missile defence system features S-300 and S-400 long-range anti-missiles. FDI to South Asia declined to USD 32 billion in 2010. World Hepatitis Day serves to provide an opportunity to recognise viral hepatitis as a major global health problem in order to advance prevention and control. Both the schools were founded at the initiative of French veterinarian Claude Bourgelat.6 trillion. 2011 also marks the 250th world anniversary of the veterinary profession.Cross border non-equity modes (NEMs) including contract manufacturing. diagnosis and treatment.Bourgelat was also the first scientist who dared to suggest that studying animal biology and pathology would help to improve understanding of human biology and pathology. Missile Defence Shield for Russia Russia made an announcement on 22 July 2011 that it built a missile defence shield which covers two-thirds of the country. » Secure continual support for World Hepatitis Day » Generate a sense of urgency amongst all stakeholders to prioritise action 2011 Declared World Veterinary Year FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine together with other national and international veterinary groups declared 2011 as the World Veterinary Year. Most of the industry is located in this area. and Brazil stood at 5th position with inflows at $48 billion. which determined top leadership posts. Sang. foreign direct investment inflows worldwide climbed 5 per cent to about USD 1. Sang. who served one term. He had most recently served as the de World Investment Report 2011 The World Investment Report 2011 was released by UNCTAD on 26 July 2011. contract farming were found to be increasingly shaping the global value chains. The report stated that half of the top 20 host economies for FDI in 2010 were developing and transition economies.

UPSCPORTAL.This comes as the Syrian army attack Hama. Copyright © 2011 | WWW.COM 18 . » The summit agreed to pour another 159 billion eu- » The Eurozone leaders welcomed the measures un- » The Eurozone leaders agreed to support a new programme for Greece. reunifying the country. The participating nations agreed on Marshall Plan for Europe to revive the financial markets of Europe. This will potentially free up cash that the rebels fighting Libyan forces urgently need. This programme will be designed notably through lower interest rates and extended maturities. To ease Greece's debt repayments on its loans. 2 in charge of the Communist Party. secular traditions. It’s related to issues of religious freedom. » All euro area Member States will adhere strictly » The summit made a commitment to introduce by Muammar Gadhafi’s Regime Declared Illigetimate Euro Zone Summit 17-nation Euro Zone Summit was held in Brussels. the EU and the Arab League. the summit agreed to extend them from 7. to decisively improve the debt sustainability and refinancing profile of Greece. improve competitiveness and address macro-economic facto No. running the day-to-day affairs. Besides. female equality and fears of terrorism. The Libya Contact Group in its fourth meeting held in Istanbul. the end of 2012 national fiscal frameworks as foreseen in the fiscal frameworks directive. Public deficits in all countries except those under a programme will be brought below 3 percent by 2013 at the latest. dertaken by the Greek government to stabilize public finances and reform the economy as well as the new package of measures including privatization recently adopted by the Greek Parliament.which is as follows:- on some Ban on Wearing Veils in Public in Italy An Italian parliamentary commission approved a draft law banning women from wearing veils that cover their faces in public. naqib or any other garb that covers the face. ros into Greece to stop debt contagion across Europe. to the agreed fiscal targets. down from 4.S.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. capital of Belgium with the objective of finalizing a second rescue package for debt plagued Greece and calm the financial markets of Europe.Italy is the latest European country to approve a law against the burqa. The Group also formally recognized the main opposition group National Transitional Council(NTC) as the country’s legitimate government until a new authority is created.5 years to a minimum of 15 years and up to 30 years with a grace period of 10 years. Belgium and France have already banned the wearing of burqa in public. The council statement condemned the widespread violations of human rights and the use of force against civilians by the Syrian authorities.5 percent. In addition to the USA.Sang was imprisoned from 1971-73 by the U.The draft passed by the constitutional affairs commission prohibits women from wearing a burqa.000 people. and at a rate of 3. It ended in 1975 when the north seized control of the former southern capital.Dozens of people are believed to have been killed in the action against Hama. in the centre of the city of 800. Turkey declared Libyan leader Muammar Gadhafi’s regime no longer legitimate.This recent step banning veil has ignited heated debate about multiculturism in Europe. the nations agreed points. with reports of much loss of life. with residents saying that and army tanks have now entered into Assi Square. EFSF loans to Greece to the maximum extent possible from the current 7. » It was decided to lengthen the maturity of future UNSC Codemned The Syrian Government The UN Security Council condemned the Syrian government for a deadly crackdown on protesters.5 percent. Saigon.-backed South Vietnamese government when he served as a communist fighter for the north during the Vietnam War.5 years to between 15 and 30 years in some cases. the 32nation Contact Group on Libya includes members of NATO. a centre of the opposition protest.

However. It also appealed for 300 million US dollars by August and September 2011. Notification ALERTS in Email. Jobs. Step-2: Verify your email by clicking on the link in the email. An estimated 10 million people are affected in East Africa by the worst drought in more than half a century. arts and science. More than 166. Tens of thousands of people died across the region. (IMP: check Inbox and Spam folders) Step-3: Done! Now you will regular Alerts on your email. most of them were Copyright © 2011 | WWW. Step-1: Fill Your Email address in LINK below.The new Tier 1(exceptional talent) category will open on 9 August 2011 and it will have 1000 places in the first year of operation. Famine in Two Regions of Southern Somalia On 20 July 2011 the United Nations declared a famine. The UN formally declared a famine in five districts in Southern Somalia. had imposed a ban on foreign aid agencies in its territories in 2009. 2012. an al-Qaeda-affiliated group which controlled large swathes of south and central Somalia.There will be 500 places available between the 9 August and 30 November and a further 500 places available from the December 1 to March 31. later it had allowed limited access. The immigration category will be overseen by four competent bodies. occurring in the Bakool and Lower Shabelle regions of southern New Visa Category In Britain Britain announced a new visa category to facilitate the immigration for exceptionally talented people from India and other non-EU countries in the fields of humanities.7 million people.000 desperate Somalis are estimated to have fled their country to neighbouring Kenya or Ethiopia. Results. You will get a confirmation email within 10 min.COM 19 .Parts of southern Somalia suffered from the worst famine in a generation. These competent bodies will advise the UK border agency to make sure that the migrants are the best and brightest in their field. Click Below Link to get Free Newsletter: http://upscportal.The UN estimated that humanitarian agencies needed 1.Al-Shabab. IAS.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. (IMP) Get UPSCPORTAL. engineering.The last time similar conditions took place in Somalia in 1992. to bolster its response in the affected areas of Somalia. when hundreds of thousands of Somalis starved to death. affecting over 3.6 billion US dollars for Somalia alone.

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The project is to be executed by a subsidiary company of EPL in Singapore. procurement and construction (EPC) contract worth $320 million from Jurong Aromatics Corp. from 8th in 2009 at a time when other countries in Asia were setting new records in foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows. it also approved the appointment of Mumbai-based Chandbhoy and Jassoobhoy as External Concurrent Auditor to audit the investments of the EPFO funds. The report reflected RBI's continuing endeavour to communicate its assessment of the incipient risks to financial sector stability. The report includes Committee's assessment of the outlook for the stability and resilience of the financial sector at the time of preparation of the Report. India received total foreign direct investment of $176 billion.60000 crore was reinvested every year. Foreign direct investment flows into India are currently sluggish given the uncertain global economic conditions. The domestic financial markets have remained stress free recently.UPSCPORTAL.4-billion grassroot aromatics complex in Jurong Island. India saw FDI inflows of USD 19. The Central Board of Trustees (CBT) is the apex body of the Employees Provident Fund Organisation.40000 crore was collected annually. FSR main findings are as follows:1. SK Engineering. a few caveats are in order. which saw FDI inflows to Standard Chartered Bank Appoinyed as Custodian The Central Board of Trustees (CBT) of the Employees' Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) approved the appointment of Standard Chartered Bank as the custodian of securities of the EPFO. which was almost twice the amount received during the year-ago period. The total fund size was Rs. Copyright © 2011 | WWW.50 lakh crore.The Jurong project has participation from global petrochemical players like Glencore. jetties with loading and unloading arms.The country that saw the maximum FDI inflow in 2010 was the United States at $228 billion Essar Agreement With Jurong Aromatics Essar Projects Ltd (EPL) announced that secured an engineering.A total of five crore employees came under the EPFO. while Rs. China stood at 2nd position with inflows totalling $106 billion in 2010. The scope of EPL’s contract includes constructing storage tankages. pipeline systems as well as the utilities for the entire complex.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. FDI inflows rose to more than $7.42 billion in 2010-11.9 billion during April-June quarter of 2011.3.COM 20 . India’s position among the top 20 FDI recipients fell to 14th position. about Rs. The JAC project involves the development of a condensate splitter and aromatics facility in Singapore’s Jurong Island. The contract forms part of a USD 2. Singapore. according to a UN report. Of this.However. being executed by JAC. while Indian companies have invested $76 billion outside. However. During the last 10 years.India is ranked way below neighbouring China. (JAC) of ECONOMY ISSUES RBI’s 3rd Financial Stability Report The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released its third Financial Stability Report. According to the report. The banking sector in India by far the most dominant portion of the Indian financial sector continues to be stable and 2. the tune of USD 106 billion in 2010. The Financial Stability Report is published twice a year under the guidance of the interim Financial Policy Committee. Sanhai and Vinmar and involves the development of a condensate splitter and aromatics facility. and Brazil stood at 5th position with inflows at $48 billion. At the 196th meeting of the CBT. India Fell To 14th From 8th in FDI The World Investment Report 2011 was released by UNCTAD. according to Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee. India’s FDI inflow went down to $25 billion in 2010 from $36 billion in 2009. and the policy actions it advises to reduce and mitigate risks to stability.

The RBI Governor D. The meeting was attended by all financial sector regulators including Sebi chair- Duty Entitlement Pass Book (DEPB) Scheme The Union government announced restoration of the popular duty entitlement pass book (DEPB) scheme for export of cotton with retrospective effect from 1 April 2011 and on cotton yarn from 1 October 2010.With the hike in repo rate (the rate at which banks borrow from the central bank) the reverse repo rate (the rate at which banks park their funds with the RBI). and finance secretary and chief economic advisor. Rising fiscal deficit along with current 8% repo rate announced by the RBI was also deemed as a potential threat to the economy. vestors man. the persistently high inflation and subsequent interest rate hikes by the RBI curtailed India Inc’s expansion plans and led to fears of a possible slowdown. Copyright © 2011 | WWW. Highlights of Takeover Code: Mandatory open offer size was raised to 26% from 20% and the trigger point for buyout was made to stand at 25%.While the economy is expected to grow between 8 and 8.The hike by the central bank in rates is expected to put further pressure on consumers as lending rates of banks will be higher in the coming days. » The SEBI board approved uniform KYC norms for FSDC Reviewed Economic Situation The Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) headed by finance minister Pranab Mukherjee reviewed the general economic situation in the light of steep rate hike by RBI.SEBI however. PFRDA chairman. mandatory open offer size was raised to 26% from 20% and the trigger point for buyout was made to stand at 25% as against 15% in the past. » Merchant banks to disclose track record to IPO in- » IPO forms to be made shorter and simpler. stood recalibrated at 9 per cent. Repo Rate Hiked to 8% The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in a bid to tame inflationary pressure hiked the short-term indicative policy rate (repo rate) by 50 basis points from 7.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. With the passing of the Takeover Code.According to the Takeover Code passed by SEBI. Similarly. stronger monetary policy actions are required. The financial regulators were of the opinion that high inflation will not be conducive to short-term growthThe relationship between inflation and growth was treated as a cause of concern. with a spread of 100 basis points below the repo rate settled at 7 per cent. India’s growth prospects are bright but in the short term it seemed crucial to tackle inflation. Subbarao also announced the first quarter review of Monetary Policy for 2011-12.COM 21 . with a spread of 100 basis points above the repo SEBI Okayed All-Important Takeover Code The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) board okayed the all-important Takeover Code accepting the recommendations of the Takeover Regulations Advisory Committee (TRAC).5 per cent to 8 per cent. companies will now need to make mandatory open offer for further 26% stake from public shareholders after buying 25% in takeovers.5 per cent in 2011-12. to provide delisting pursuant to an offer and proportionate acceptance.The decision to raise the rate by 50 basis points. » Non-compete fees to be paid by acquirers in takeover deals abolished. Although the group felt that in long term. » SEBI did not accept the recommendation of TRAC » Sebi board decided that the existing definition of control of offers would be retained as it is. beating the market expectation of 25 basis points was taken to drive home the fact that in the absence of complementary policy responses on demand and supply sides. abolished non-compete fees to be paid by acquirers in takeover deals. the Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) rate. » Public shareholders were required to be given an exit opportunity when promoters of target company sell out their stake to acquirers. all stock market transactions.UPSCPORTAL.The first quarter review of Monetary Policy for 2011-12 revealed that headline wholesale price index (WPI) inflation rate for the first quarter of 2011-12 remained stubbornly close to double digits and inflationary pressures continued to be broadbased. RBI governor.

The entitlement rate will be pre-determined so that the exporters at the time of exports can do their costing accordingly.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. The DEPB scheme has also been restored with easing of export curbs. Cairn had planned to put the Bhagyam oilfield into production by October to take total output from the Rajasthan block to 175. Reliance Capital. headed by former finance secretary Ashok Chawla.1. the panel did not suggest that all future allocations of airwaves must be through Copyright © 2011 | WWW. the airwaves on which all communication signals travel. The CBT after consideration approved four fund managers for managing EPFO funds for a period of three years beginning 1 September 2011.The panel’s draft had also added that if the road map for future release of spectrum through auctions were to be made available. In the final report.Exports of cotton were dis-incentivised by virtue of export tax.The imposition of duty was recommended by Directorate General of Anti-Dumping and Allied Duties (DGAD) Oil Ministries Action Against Cairn India The oil ministry blocked Cairn India’s plans to begin oil production from the Bhagyam oilfield which is the second biggest find in the Rajasthan block.41 per kg on imports of the gas from Japan and China.Cotton yarn had been placed under Open General Licence for exports from April 2011. should be done through a suitable market-related process evolved by the telecoms department and the telecoms regulator. The telecom department also added that the committee's recommendations will allow the government to choose the benchmark for pricing airwaves.The central board of trustees (CBT).41 per kg on imports of a gas. following a sharp rise in prices in January 2011. The government had withdrawn the scheme on cotton and cotton yarn in April 2010. Anti-Dumping Duty On Imports of Gas The Revenue Department announced it’s decision to impose anti-dumping duty of up to USD 1.The exact quantum to be levied would be determined by the telecoms department in consultations with regulator TRAI. The duty would range from between USD 0.1. What is DEPB? DEPB Scheme incorporates the concept of the old Pass Book but with simplified procedures and greater coverage and transparency in the matter of giving credit entitlements. The DEPB scheme for exporters had therefore been made effective from 1 April The announcement was made in the backdrop following a sharp fall in the domestic and international prices of these commodities. it would temper bids in future auctions. HSBC Asset Management and ICICI Securities Primary Dealership Ltd.Analysts are of the opinion that Chawla's move to overturn the draft recommendations amounts to toeing the telecoms department's line which already rejected the auction approach for awarding second generation (2G) airwaves.The final report merely stated that allocation of spectrum.The restrictive duty on the import of 1. The ministry wanted Cairn to calcu- Ashok Chawla Panel’s Report A government panel. set up to recommend rules for pricing of all natural resources submitted final report.At the meeting of the panel that oversees operations of the block on 10 June 2011. Being a transparent scheme it does away with any discretion to the Licensing Authority or Custom Authority and can be availed on Pre-Export/Post-Export basis.The government’s decision was welcomed by Confederation of Indian Textiles Industry that felt the move would provide relief to the cotton yarn sector as it was making losses due to withdrawal of export incentives and had huge inventories.69 per kg and USD 1.000 barrels per day.5 trillion pension fund corpus. work programme and budget for the Bhagyam field. the panel had stonewalled 2011-12 production rate. EPFO Appointed 4 Mangers For Pension Fund Corpus The labour ministry-controlled Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) appointed four fund managers for its 3.COM 22 .2-Tetrafluoroethane or R-134a is to be imposed for a period of five years. Ltd from the list. decided to appoint State Bank of India (SBI). EPFO however dropped top performer ICICI Prudential Asset Management Co.UPSCPORTAL. used primarily for refrigeration purpose with an objective to protect domestic players from cheap Chinese and Japanese shipments. the apex decision-making body of the EPFO in its meeting in New Delhi. auctions.

17 million tonnes against 292. retired member.22 million bales. to good monsoon. Total foodgrains output for rabi and kharif in 200910 was 218. higher minimum support price to farmers and focussed policy approach.72 million tonnes produced in 2009-10 contributed hugely to higher coarse cereals out.As per the data prepared by the Directorate of Economics and Statistics. Coarse cereals output was recorded at 42. urad at 1. A record output of 21.Cairn believed that royalty.09 million tonnes respectively.The Union government opined that in the face of growing complexity and sophistication of economic offences better collaboration among various agencies is required for combating tax evasion and other serious economic offences.66 million tonnes.74 million tonnes and moong 1. The four member committee to study the role of CEIB was set up in March 2011 by the Finance Ministry and was headed by S.UPSCPORTAL.which will be a record.The panel also recommended a hub and spoke structure between the CEIB and enforcement agencies at the central and state levels with the CEIB as the nodal agency for better collection and dissemination of financial intelligence. is a licensee obligation and hence not cost recoverable from revenues. Oilseeds production was estimated at 31. The need for a broad-based.93 million tonnes and 18.82 million tonnes recording significant increases.09 million tonnes harvested in 2009-10. Khan.43 million bales (of 170 kg each) from 24.India needs two per cent per annum growth in food grain production to meet the projected demand of 281 million tonnes by 2021. The highest production in recent years was 234.1 million tonnes against 24. Wheat Output was Estimated to be Higher by 5. Cairn’s views were contested by the oil ministry which made cost recovery of royalty as a precondition for allowing Cairn Energy to sell 40% stake in Cairn India to Vedanta Resources. which is paid by state-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC).55 million tonnes produced in 2009-10.22 million tonnes as compared to 33.8 million tonnes in the previous crop year with a record soyabean output of 12.56 million tones.32 million tonnes as against 89. Pulses production enhanced by 3.28 million tonnes of maize this year against 16.25 million tones. CEIB a Nodal Agency to Share Black Money Information The committee set up to review the role and structure of Central Economic Intelligence Bureau (CEIB) recommended that the CEIB maintain a national database of economic offences investigated by various agencies at the Centre and in states. Sugarcane output was up at 339.43 million tonnes with gram at 8. Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT).13 Million Tonnes in 2010-11 Rice output was estimated at 95. S. inclusive and sustainable second Green Revolution has therefore been highlighted by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The record production was attributed Copyright © 2011 | WWW. The 12th Five Year Plan will contain all measures to accelerate the agriculture sector growth to meet future demands. Wheat and pulses output are estimated to touch an all time high of 85.11 million tonnes.The ministry insisted that it will not approve further programme on Bhagyam unless Cairn calculates profits to be divided among stakeholders and the government after adding royalty to the cost.47 million tonnes in 2008-09.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. excessive rains in parts of Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh and yellow rust in some wheat-growing pockets. Cotton production surged to 33.3 million tonnes in 2009-10. Maintenance of national database by CIEB will ensure effective coordination among the various enforcement and regulatory agencies. India Set For Bumper Foodgrains Production in the 2010-11 According to the fourth advance estimates released by the Agriculture Ministry. particularly to enhance production of pulses and oilseeds. the record output was achieved despite drought in 90 districts in the eastern belt.COM 23 .com/civilservices/current-affairs late profit from the Rajasthan block after treating royalty as cost recoverable item. India is set for a bumer foodgrains production in the 2010-11 crop year at 241.

Air India had so far received financial assistance amounting to Rs 2000 crore in the last two financial years while its cumulative loss and debt burden is around Rs 67000 crore. facilitating inclusive growth. a possibility to enable customers to immediately avail themselves of a part of their insured deposits before the final fate of sick banks is decided should be explored. The Damodaran panel mentioned that in case of sick banks.The Telecom Commission (DoT's decision-making arm) approved the project that will be funded through the Universal Service Obligation [USO] Fund. The recognition to customs officials would be from retrospective effect. The cabinet decided to put forth the amendment bill in the 2011 winter session of the parliament. Damodaran Panel’s Suggestions The report on Customer Service in Banks by a committee chaired by DoT Cleared NOFN For Broadband Connectivity The Central Department of Telecommunications (DoT) approved Rs 30000-crore National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) for broadband connectivity to 2500 Panchayats in India. Damodaran.2145 crore. Copyright © 2011 | WWW. Amendment to Customs Act. former Chairman of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) was released on 3 July 2011.The equity induction would not only ease the cash flow situation of the company Air India which is passing through critical financial crunch. The project will be completed by 2014-15 through a special purpose vehicle (SPV). The cash flow would also preclude borrowings from the markets at high costs.The amendment will permit specifically recognised customs officers to assess import duty.UPSCPORTAL. The Universal Service Obligation Fund was created to fund those operators who go into the rural and non-remunerative areas to offer telecom network. The amendment bill will help the government to recover customs duty worth several thousands of crores. The committee recommended that all projects stranded due to the classification must be treated on their merits and cleared sans restrictions if located at the fringes of the forests. The committee highlighted that the system of go and no go has no legal sanction. 1200 Crore into Air India The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved equity infusion of Rs. 33 new major applications will be built using the open source code.The committee asked the union environment ministry to amend its directive mandating developers to compulsorily secure Stage-I clearance as well as facilitate green clearances in a time-bound manner.4695 crore on an equity base of Rs. Officers of the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) will alone have issued notices involving customs duty to the tune of over Rs 7500 crore.The broadband project will initially be executed by Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited and other PSUs like RailTel. health service and central government services. The Reserve Bank of India panel recommended an increased deposit insurance cover of Rs. Chaturvedi Committee’s Suggestions The committee set up by the Group of Ministers (GoM) to examine the go and no-go system for coal mining and chaired by Planning Commission Member B K Chaturvedi submitted its report.The airline has a debt of Rs. Also tax evaders will not get benefited at the expense of exchequer on a mere technical ground.1200 crore into the cash-strapped national carrier Air India.The committee suggested that the ministries of coal and environment work jointly and evolve a strategy to ensure that genuine cases are cleared and also the interests of the tribals be protected. Soni added. Private telecom companies contribute 5 per cent of their annual revenues towards this fund. e-banking and e-education.COM 24 . 1962 The Indian Cabinet approved the amendment to Customs Act. 1962 to help the exchequer safeguard its revenues.5 lakh so as to encourage individuals to keep all their deposits in banks. These applications will use NOFN to connect rural areas with educational institutions.NFON is expected to help the government implement its various e-governance initiatives such as e-health.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal.

Industrial Outlook Survey The Reserve Bank of India launched its Industrial Outlook Survey for the July-September 2011 period.UPSCPORTAL.were introduced after the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) made operational its ambitious intelligence network project sanctioned in The recommendations were made in 3 broad categories: loading the survey schedule from RBI’s official website. SEBI and IRDA and other relevant entities. called FINnet ( Financial Intelligence Network )deployed to tackle the menace of black money is a technology-based secure platform for bringing together investigative and enforcement agencies to collect. The Industrial Outlook Survey provides for an insight into the perception of non-financial public and private limited companies that are engaged in manufacturing activities about their performance and future prospects.The new network.The earlier prescribed multiple data files reporting format is set to be replaced by a new XML file format.The responsibility for conducting the research on behalf of the central bank was bestowed on Centre for Research Planning and Action (CERPA).The new reporting formats such as Suspicious Transaction Reports (STRs). Home Loans: The panel recommended that banks should not impose exorbitant penal rates towards foreclosure of home loans.COM 25 . What is CERPA? CERPA was established in 1972 and conducts social science research. The panel suggested introduction of provision of the SMS alerts service about balance in the account at periodic intervals and about due dates for submission of important documents.The civil society in the recent past stepped up pressure on the government to unearth black money and introduced various measures to crack down on financial scams. while credit demand Copyright © 2011 | WWW. Cash Transaction Reports (CTRs). CTRs and NTRs and a separate reporting format to file CCRs were introduced and notified to RBI . Those manufacturing companies which are not approached by CERPA can also participate in the survey by down- PSBs to Boost Credit to Small Industry & Farmers The Union government suggested the state-run banks to focus on traditionally-credit starved areas. Finance Ministries Steps to Combat Black Money Menace The Finance Ministry under pressure to unearth black money modified the format for reporting suspicious transactions to help enforcement and regulatory agencies take prompt action to deal with the menace. physically handicapped persons by effective crowd/people management available at all branches. Rural Areas: According to the panel banks should ensure proper currency exchange facilities and also the quality of notes in circulation in rural areas. workers and artisans). Measures to stop practices of discriminating between new and old customers with identical risk profiles on the basis of interest rate offers were to be initiated.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. Branches should be made functioning at a time convenient to the customers (agricultural labourers. helps planners and policymakers and provides charitable services to the disadvantaged and poor sections of the country. such as small industry and agriculture. Automatic updation of the customers to the senior citizen category based on the date of birth would be introduced. Three new formats -account-based reporting. Counterfeit Currency Reports (CCRs) and Non-Profit Organisation Transaction Reports (NTRs) -. Pensioner may be allowed to submit the annual life certificate at any of the (linked) branches and not necessarily at the home branch. A policy should be devised to ensure that customers are not denied of opportunity to enhance their economic welfare by making choices such as switching to other banks/financial entities to enjoy the benefits conferred by market competition. Senior Citizens: There should be prioritised service to senior citizens. analyse and disseminate valuable financial information for combating money laundering and related crimes. frauds and large-scale tax evasion. format and transaction-based reporting format for filing STRs . The survey is to cover nonfinancial private and public limited companies with a good size/industry representation. The CERPA is to get in touch with several manufacturing companies during the quarter July-September for seeking their valuable feedback so that it can be included in the survey. provides consultancy on developmental issues.

In May. The government set a target of Rs.S.21 billion during June 2011.SEBI made it mandatory for all types of private pools of capital or investment funds to seek registration with SEBI.45 per cent to $29. which was sub- Copyright © 2011 | WWW. 475000 crore bank credit for the farm sector in 2011-12. mitted to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh last month.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. The Telecom Commission overruled the TRAI suggestions and ratified the views of the DoT committee with regard to pegging license fee at 8.5 per cent with an objective to protect Government income. 5 percentage points in its monetary policy review on 26 July 2011.5%.Operators currently pay between 6 per cent and 10 per cent of their annual revenues as licence fee. exports grew by a hefty 45.UPSCPORTAL.9 per cent year-on-year to $25. SEBI Proposed Regulations For Alternative Investment Funds The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) proposed to create regulations for alternative investment funds under the title SEBI (Alternative Investment Fund) Regulations. In its Economic Outlook for 2011-12. Though the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India had recommended bringing down the licence fee to a uniform 6 per cent. Infrastructure Equity Fund. and the European zone in the second-half. engineering or pharmaceuticals posted robust expansion.COM 26 . The 2011 monsoon was projected to be in the range of 90 to 96 per cent of the Long Period Average (LPA).9 billion.5 per cent by the end of March 2012. Debt from big industry moderates.The report stated that the inflation rate would come down to 6. the apex decision-making body of the Department of Telecom in a meeting held permitted imposition of a uniform licence fee of 8. the PMEAC had maintained that headline inflation would remain at 9 per cent or higher till October 2011 and thereafter ease to 6.5 per cent on all telecom operators. PIPE Funds. Uniform Licence Fee For Telecom Operators Telecom Commission. Growth Rate Projection to 8. a panel set up by the DoT pegged this at 8.7 per cent to $79 billion in the first quarter of the current fiscal 2011-12.2 % For 2011-12 For India The Prime Minister's Economic Advisory Council (PMEAC) scaled down its projection for the growth rate of the economy in 2011-12 to 8. Sectors including petroleum products.5 per cent by March 2012. Social Venture Funds. the banking system only covers 50% of the farmers in India. The estimates were made in the backdrop of a grim economic scenario resulting from uncertain global outlook and high domestic inflation coupled with a subdued trend in investment and factory output.The funds which would come under the proposed regulation include. The increase in export was registered amid concerns that the upward growth could be hit by the troubled economic situation in the U. SME Fund. The Council estimated the headline WPI inflation rate to continue to be at 9 per cent or higher in the months of July-October 2011. exports had grown by 56. Reserve Bank of India revised the credit growth target to 18% from 19% in 2011-12 after it raised the key rates by sharp 0. As a result.5 per cent earlier. Private Equity Fund.45 Per cent in 2011 According to the figures released by the Commerce Ministry on 1 August 2011 India's exports rose by 46.2 per cent from 8. Banks that did not meet the targets for agriculture lending in the last three years were asked to step up their loan portfolios. Strategy Fund. Currently.Venture Capital Funds.Owing to the spectacular rise of export in June 2011. Pranab Mukherjee also raised the issue of increased lending in the agriculture sector. readymade garments. India's Exports Rose By 46. Finance Minister. trusts or body corporate including LLP structure.6 per cent in 2010-11. The funds could be formed as companies.These alternative investment fund (AIF) raise capital from a number of high networth investors (HNIs) with an objective of investing in accordance with a defined investment policy for the benefit of those investors. Real Estate Fund. The RBI raised the repo rate for the eleventh time since March 2010 to curb runaway inflation. the farm sector output expected to grow at 3 per cent.The country's agriculture output was projected to grow at 3 per cent in the current fiscal 2011-12 as against 6. SCRA: UPSC Syllabus: Online Forum: http://upscportal. prices of pulses fell by 8 per cent year-on-year.66 per cent and fruits became UPSC Tips: SSC: http://upscportal.33 per cent for the week ended 16 July 2011.55 per cent IFS: http://upscportal.59 per cent yearon-year. all the promoters and persons who are part of the promoter group of a listed company would also be required to disclose their share dealings.COM 27 .com/civilservices/tag/upsc-services/scra-special-class-railway-apprentices-examination RRB: http://upscportal. prices of other items went up. directors and top executives of listed companies are required to make these disclosures.UPSCPORTAL. However. Potatoes became Free NCERT Books: UPSC QUIZ: Current Affairs: http://upscportal. Onions became more expensive by 22. The dip in food inflation was a result of cheaper pulses. However following SEBI’s decision in this Disclosure of Share Dealings is Mandatory SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) board decided to make it mandatory for all promoter entities to disclose any considerable purchase or sale of shares by them.58 per cent. The decision was taken with an objective to rein in insider trading by promoters without investors' knowledge.The promoters would be required to make initial disclosures relating to their shareholding at the time of becoming promoter or part of promoter group. For the week ended 9 July 2011 food inflation stood at IPS: http://upscportal.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. Vegetable prices were up 7. while milk was up CDS: UPSC Results: http://upscportal. Useful Links UPSC Papers: Civil Services IAS: http://upscportal. The fall in food inflation by Notification: UPSC Toppers: http://upscportal.During the week ended 16 July UPSC Interviews: http://upscportal. Food Inflation Feclined To FREE CHAT: http://upscportal.33 % Food inflation declined to a 20 months low of 7.96 per cent.90 per cent dearer on an annual GOVT Jobs: Copyright © 2011 | UPSC Coaching: IES: http://upscportal.25 percent in comparison to the week ended 9 July UPSC Books: http://upscportal.

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Holdren and Minister of State for Planning.COM 28 . healthcare. India also announced that it would extend a 20 million US dollars line of credit for setting up an India . The Agreement incorporates anti-abuse (limitation of benefits) provisions to ensure that the benefits of the Agreement are availed of by the genuine residents of the two INDIA & THE WORLD Science and Technology Coordination Between India & USA India and the United States on 18 July 2011 agreed to step up Science and Technology coordination in New Delhi. The Agreement further incorporates provisions for effective exchange of information between tax authorities of the two countries in line with latest international standard. Besides. India . India still awaits the women’s reservation bill while Mongolia has 25 percent reservation for women in its Parliament. This article also includes provision for taking measures of conservancy. agriculture.This is the first Indian Presidential visit after a gap of 23 years. Kashmir used to be a favourite destination for western tourists especially Germans before the outbreak of militancy in 1990. Venkataraman. Germany stated that the situation in the Valley has calmed down considerably and that foreigners were not the direct target of violence. It is also described as land of the blue skies. Germany thus became the first European nation since 1995 to allow its citizens to visit Kashmir.Mongolia is a land locked central Asian country. Lithuania is the first Baltic country with which DTAA has been signed by India. Science & Technology and Earth Sciences Ashwani Kumar. This was agreed upon during a meeting between Assistant to the US President for Science & Technology John P. including exchange of banking information and supplying of information without recourse to domestic interest. It will also stimulate the flow of investment. The Agreement will provide tax stability to the residents of India and Lithuania and will facilitate mutual economic cooperation between the two countries. media exchanges and cooperation between their planning commissions during the visit of Indian President Prtibha Patil to Mongolia. the Agreement provides for sharing of information to other agencies with the consent of supplying state.The Agreement also has an article on assistance in collection of taxes. The meeting was held in the context of the ongoing Indo-US Strategic Dialogue.UPSCPORTAL. Ambassador. nutrition and monsoon forecasting. India & Mongolia India and Mongolia signed three agreements which includes defence cooperation. Advisory For Germans Coming to Kashmir Germany on 25 July 2011 revised an advisory that had cautioned against trips to Kashmir. Further. The areas where the coordination will be intensified include energy. Republic of Lithuania to India. Education and Outsourcing Centre in Ulaanbaatar.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. technology and services between India and Lithuania.Lithuania The Government of India signed an Agreement and Protocol for Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on Capital (DTAA) with Government of Lithuania in New Delhi. India will also upgrade and modernize the Rajiv Gandhi Art and Production School and the Atal Bihari Vajpayee Centre of Excellence in Information and Communication Technology.The Agreement and the Protocol were signed by Prakash Chandra. Chairman. the last was by President R. The decision was taken following a visit made by German ambassador Thomas Matussek to Kashmir. on behalf of the Government of India and Petras Simeliunas. Copyright © 2011 | WWW.The Meeting stressed upon the need to work towards making agriculture resilient and for further research on forecasting various hazards like cyclones.Mongolia Joint Information Technology. on behalf of the Government of Lithuania. Central Board of Direct Taxes.

the number of trading days will be incresed from two to four a week and travel for both tourism and religious purposes will be encouraged. synthetic yarn. Japanese side has also agreed to conclude Social Security Agreement within a specified period (3 years). investment. on the outstanding issues between the two countries.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. Japan can take advantage of India‘s huge and growing market and resources. at appropriate levels. This will greatly help Indian pharmaceutical companies. technology and world-class management practices that come with it. and Management Consulting firms now can provide services in Japan. customs and other trade-related issues.32% of tariff lines to give sufficient time to industry to adjust to the trade liberalization. Contractual Service Suppliers (CSS). wheat. Tourist Guide. Indian professionals will be able to provide their services and contribute towards further development of Japan’s IT Sector. The two nations also laid emphasis in setting time lines to ensure regular meetings at the administration levels to sort out visa and trading permit problems. Tariffs will be brought to zero in 10 years on 66. oil. A large number of these items are of India’s export interest e. Under the India.93%.62%) lines at the 8 digit level.Japan India.The Japanese side has put 87% of its tariff lines under immediate reduction of tariff to zero. The Agreement which is comprehensive in nature will further strengthen India. R& D Services. 2011 in Tokyo.The exclusion list of Japan (where no tariff concessions are proposed) mainly consists of items such as rice. instant tea.In regard to the resumption of dialogue between India and Pakistan in February 2011. IPR. Independent Professionals (IPs) such as Accounting. whiskies. spices. leather and leather products. sugar. petro chemical &chemicals products. a vast gamut of services. the nations agreed to respect the list of 21 products of permissible items for cross-LoC trade.Japan economic ties to the benefit of both countries immensely. India . Under India-Japan CEPA the Japanese government shall accord no less favourable treatment to the applications of Indian companies than that it accords to the like applications of its own persons for drug registration. India & European Union India and the European Union finalised an interim settlement to make sure that Made in India consignments of generic medicines will not be detained while transiting through Europe. CEPA provides a win-win situation for both the countries. seafood.COM 29 . The Agreement is most comprehensive of all the agreements concluded by India so far as it covers more than 90% of trade.India’s exclusion list contains 1538(13. The trade volume of items in the Japanese exclusion list is only 2. India will be benefited by Japanese investments. The current bilateral trade between India and Japan is a little over 12. About 17 detentions took place between October-December 2008 at Amsterdam. vodka etc. Besides.Japan CEPA (Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement) enters into force .6 billion US dollars and it is expected that it will touch 25 billion US dollars by 2014. Under the India-Japan CEPA. readymade garments.India and Pakistan also agreed to convene separate meetings of the expert groups on nuclear and conventional confidence building measures in Islamabad in September 2011.4% of the tariff-lines have been offered for immediate reduction of tariff to zero % by India.As per the bilateral understanding between India and EU. India & Pakistan India’s foreign minister SM Krishna and his Pakistani counterpart Hina Rabbani Khar agreed to simplify travel procedures and increase the frequency of bus services for people of the divided Jammu and Kashmir during the visit of latter to India. agricultural products such as mangoes. The India Japan CEPA was signed on 16th Feb. As per the agreement. This is India’s 3rd Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (after Singapore and South Korea) and India’s first with a developed country.UPSCPORTAL. the Foreign Ministers of India and Pakistan expressed their satisfaction on the holding of meetings. most spirits such as rum.g.India had moved the WTO after consignments of generic medicines shipped to Latin America were seized by European customs authorities on charges of intellectual property rights violations. Under India-Japan CEPA. In addition. Both nations decided to reconvene the meeting of the joint commission that will identify future areas of cooperation. textile products such as woven fabrics. jewellery. cement. both sides agreed to further specify permissible items. Auto parts and agricultural and other sensitive items have been kept out of the liberalization schedule. especially its human resources. yarns. milk.Japan CEPA only 17. Market Research. citrus fruits. EU Copyright © 2011 | WWW.

and women’s empowerment. The two nations also discussed the expansion of defence cooperation between our countries In particular India and South Korea agreed to enhance cooperation and coordination in the East Asia Summit Process as also on issues pertaining to the Asia Pacific. Besides these agreements. for September 2011 in New Delhi. » The two sides reiterated their commitment on com- and regional and global security requires elimination of safe havens and infrastructure for terrorism and violent extremism in Afghanistan and Pakistan.000 Indians are visiting Korea every year. » The two governments signed a Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement (BASA) on July 18. information would not only stop such detentions but also amend its regulation under which its member countries acted like this. as well as to consult on global and regional issues of interest. operational cooperation. 2. Malawi. besides charting out a short to medium-term roadmap of cooperation in pri- Copyright © 2011 | WWW. Africa through a triangular cooperation program with Liberia. Administrative Arrangement for Social Security arrangeent. MoU signed between the Ministry of External Affairs of India and the Ministry of Culture. » The United States looks forward to a reformed UN » India-USA reiterated their commitment to further prehensive sharing of information on the investigations and trials relating to the November 2008 Mumbai terror attack. India and Korea discussed the possibilities of cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space. expanding on work already underway. The settlement is interim as the EU parliament is expected to take about 12-18 months to amend the legislation.The movement of people between the two countries had increased considerably and today apparently a 100. agriculture. The Republic of Korea (South Korea) is an important partner of India in North East Asia.000 Koreans are visiting India every year. and about 50. Agreement between India and Korea for cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.COM 30 . India & South Korea The President of India Pratibha Devisingh Patil visited South Korea as a part of her two-nation tour which also includes Mongolia. » India -USA reiterated that success in Afghanistan » The United States welcomed India’s decision to chair a plenary of the Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia in 2012. Both sides agreed to Afghan-led. The state visit of the Indian President was aimed at accelerating India’s cooperation with South Korea. and Japan plan to commence a trilateral dialogue at senior official level. During this visit. Afghan-owned. and Kenya. and cooperation on Afghanistan. The dialogue was held during the official visit of US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to India. and to work jointly in Afghanistan in capacity building. The two nations issued a joint statement at the end of the dialogue. The Strategic Dialogue provides an opportunity to take stock of the progress in bilateral relationship. » The United States created the Passport to India iniThe Importance of Indo-US Strategic dialogue » India. including through intelligence sharing. the United States. India and Korea signed the following agreements: 1. 3. » The Women’s Empowerment Dialogue is planned India . strengthen counter-terrorism cooperation. sports and tourism of Korea on Media exchanges. coordination.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. » The two sides intend to promote food security in sultation. Both nations also examined ways of working together in other international fora. and access to advanced counter-terrorism technology and equipment. and inclusive reconciliation. » The two sides reaffirmed their commitment for con- Security Council that includes India as a permanent member. bilateral cooperation. The main features of the statement are as following: tiative to encourage an increase in the number of American students studying and interning in India.US Strategic Dialogue The Second annual meeting of the India-US strategic dialogue was held in New Delhi on 19 July 2011 to strengthen the India-US global strategic partnership.

BASA would encourage indigenous aircraft and aeronautical products industry and the US acceptance of Indian products will help their global acceptance. AAI from the Indian side and FAA and USTDA from the US side. of Pages: 1000+ Cost: Only Rs. The strategic dialogue mechanism has come to be regarded as one of the very effective mechanisms to maintain the momentum of deepening and expanding global strategic partnership between India and US. Therefore. India is to provide equipment and facilities worth 200 million rupees to Sri Lanka. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in New Delhi. The agreement was signed by the Sri Lankan minister Dallas Alahapperuma and the Indian High Commissioner Ads By UPSCPORTAL. BASA will facilitate reciprocal airworthiness certification of civil aeronautical products imported/exported between the two signatory authorities. India & Sri Lanka India and Sri Lanka on 12 July 2011 signed an agreement in Colombo according to which India is to help Sri Lanka in upgrading its vocational training centres in the Nuwara-Eliya Copyright © 2011 | WWW. evaluations and testing. The nascent aircraft manufacturing industry in India would be hugely benefitted and it would encourage trade between the two nations. Rei Yadi( 53 kg junior girls) and Likha Lej(52 kg cadet boys). The championship is scheduled to be held at Quanghou City in Fujjian province from 20 July 2011 to 25 July 2011.S.C. The five-member team includes three karatekas. in 2012. Vayuniya. Secretary.Tage Sea (65kg junior boys). India will also provide more than 2. It would lessen the economic burden imposed on the aviation industry and operators by redundant technical inspections. 2000/- Order Online http://upscportal. 2009. it denies visa to any person from Arunachal Pradesh. Civil Aviation and J Randolph Babbitt. China Agreed to Issue Visas to Karatekas China agreed to issue visas to karatekas from Arunachal Pradesh.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. It was outlined by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and US President Obama during Prime Minister’s state visit to Washington in November. who will represent India in the 11th Asian Karate-do Championship. It would boost the civil aeronautical products industry which will eventually lead to self sufficiency in the sector. ority sectors for India-US.Prior to this the USA has signed BASA with 24 countries. India and US Signed Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement The Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement (BASA) between India and the USA was signed by Nasim Zaidi.COM 31 .China had issued stapled visas to Indian weightlifting Federation’s joint secretary Abraham K Techi and a weightlifter from Arunachal Pradesh.COM IAS MAINS STUDY KIT Total 5 Booklets in Hard Copy Medium: English No. DGCA.As per the agreement. Moreover.The signing took place in the presence of Senior Officers from the Ministry.China considers Arunachal Pradesh a part of its territories and accuses India of illegally occupying it.UPSCPORTAL. Indian standards would be comparable to global standards and its aeronautical products would be accepted by the U. It would demonstrate that India has the capability to develop FAA certifiable aircraft articles/appliances. Ashok K Kanth. Batticaloa and Trincomalee districts. The inaugural Strategic Dialogue was held in June 2010.6 million rupees to develop vocational training centres in Jaffna. Note: The next meeting of the Indo-US Strategic Dialogue is planned for Washington D.

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giving two new legs to a man whose legs were severed in an accident. Nuclear has to play an important role in this increase as India looks for a low-carbon path for its electricity production growth.410 kg GSAT-12 in a sub geo-synchronous transfer orbit (sub-GTO) with an apogee of 21. which was put in orbit on 15 July 2011. “For India to become a ‘developed’ country. the second stage there are Fsat Breeder Reactors(FBRs) which use MOX/MC/ metallic fuel and the third stage uses thorium with THU233 closed cycle. India is aiming for an electricity capacity of over a million MW by 2050. Expanded use of nuclear technologies offers immense potential to meet important development needs. tele-medicine. Delivering his keynote address on ‘Energy SCIENCE & TECH World’s First Double Leg Transplant Doctors in Spain performed on 15 July 2011 the world’s first double-leg transplant. telephone services along with 12 extended C-band transponders. He is the first doctor in the world to successfully transplant a jaw and a new tongue while doing a face transplant.UPSCPORTAL.000 km. Copyright © 2011 | WWW. BARC Established Largest Nuclear Desalination Plant The Human Development Index (HDI) is directly dependent on two main parameters: Per Capita Electricity Consumption and Female Literacy.020 km and a perigee of 284 km. the liquid apogee motor (LAM) on board was fired once each day from July 16 to July 19 2011 to circularise the orbit at an altitude of 36. the per capita electricity consumption has to increase manifold.000 km when the satellite was at its perigee.The man lost both of his legs above the knee in an accident and the attempts to fit him with artificial limbs were not successful.COM 32 . the commands to the LAM to fire to take the perigee from 284 km to 36. Explaining three Stage Indian Nuclear Programme.000 km on 18 July 2011. Dr R Chidambaram. Similarly. Dr Chidambaram said. Lessons will be learnt from the recent Fukushima accident and more stringent security measures are being taken in the country and all over the world. commands were given from the Master Control Facility (MCF) at Hassan in Karnataka to the LAM to take the satellite's apogee from 21. said. On July 16 and July 17. “In the first stage. put the 1. Energy Securities and Climate Change’. to satisfy energy demands and to mitigate the threat of climate change – two of the 21st century’s greatest challenges – there are major opportunities for expansion of nuclear energy in those countries that choose to have it.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. reached its home in a circular geo-synchronous orbit at an altitude of 36.Pedro Cavadas of La Fe hospital in Valencia performed the operation.” Dr Chidambaram said that there should not be any fear related to nuclear energy. In fact.GSAT-12 was launched to be useful in tele-education. Principal Scientific Adviser to Government of India and DAE-Homi Bhabha Professor. disaster management support. we have Pressurised Heavy Water Challenges of The GSAT-12 operation After GSAT-12 was put in a sub-GTO (sub geo-synchronous transfer orbit). GSAT-12 Reached Its Orbit India's communication satellite GSAT-12. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. » Apogee is the furthest point from the earth. What is Apogee and Perigee? Apogee and perigee refer to the distance from the Earth to the moon. Reactors (PHWR) which uses natural UO2 fuels and SEU/MOX fuels.020 km to 36.000 km were given on July 18 and July 19 when the satellite was at its apogee. which lifted off from the space station at Sriharikota on 15 July 2011. The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C17) of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

COM 33 . Source of the Water in Saturn's Upper Atmosphere A team of Scientists led by Paul Hartogh of Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research recently solved a 14-year mystery by discovering the source of the water in Saturn’s upper atmosphere.Lead researcher Barbara Krausz. forming a donut-shaped region.The new device is called the EndoBarrier. The implant also decreases cholesterol levels and blood pressure. The sleeve is made from a thin plastic. Pune and is expected to meet the A Software to Prevent Stampedes Scientists have developed a new software which can accurately detect when crowds are starting to build up to dangerous levels – a feat they say could help prevent stampede deaths that often occur during festivals and mass celebrations. It is a plastic sleeve that lines the duodenum. To achieve this. Enceladus is Saturn’s sixth largest moon and it is covered with ice and is providing water to Saturn. The implanted sleeve looks like a giant sausage skin. The sleeve is inserted through the mouth and passed into the digestive tract using a thin » Perigee is the closest point to the earth and it is in this stage that the moon appears larger. The new 100 kW Solar Air-Conditioning System works at 30 % higher efficiency than the current available systems and has several unique features. Enceladus consists of icy geysers that release water into space. It is based on the new triple effect absorption cooling technology. It is designed to have the same effects as the surgery but far safer. said when people become trapped in a highly congested area. India being in the sunny regions of the world with most parts of the country receiving 4-7wh (kilowatt-hour) of solar radiation per square meter per day 250-300 sunny days in a year. growing demand for air-conditioning in India in highly efficient and cost effective way through use of direct solar energy.The system has been developed in joint collaboration by Solar energy Centre with M/s Thermax Limited. The system has indigenously built medium temperature high efficiency parabolic troughs for collection of solar energy and effective solar thermal energy storage in the form of Phase Change Materials. meaning food can only be absorbed lower down the intestine. The water vapours appear as tiger-like stripes of gas and ice that escape at the southern pole of the moon and act as a main water-source vapour for Saturn's upper atmosphere. Solar Energy indeed can be a solution! But is it possible to turn the hot sun into an air-conditioning system? EndoBarrier to Cure Diabetes British scientists developed an implanted sleeve which can cure diabetes.The present system will cater to air-conditioning needs of 13 rooms of Solar Energy Centre. Solar Energy as a Solution Therefore. from the Fraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems in Sankt Augustin. World’s Highest Efficiency STCS Recently world’s highest efficiency solar thermal cooling system was inaugurated at the Solar Energy Centre in Gurgaon in Haryana. The scientists discovered that giant jets of vapour from the planet’s moon Enceladus is responsible for Saturn’s water. Copyright © 2011 | WWW.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. Germany. This heat is used in Vapour Absorption Machine to generate 7 o C Chilled water which in turn circulates through the Fan coil unit installed in the thirteen rooms.UPSCPORTAL. while looking for making life more comfortable for ourselves we must not ignore these impacts and must also look for solutions to overcome the same. offer the maximum possible solar energy gain. clouds cannot be observed after it condenses. Due to the incremental amount of water entering Saturn's lower levels. The major attraction of this system is that the hottest days have the greatest need for cooling and simultaneously. 288 sq meter of Solar Collector area has been installed which generates nearly 60 kW of 210 o C Pressurized hot water.German researchers who developed the new software said that it will give security staff the chance to disperse crowds to safety by pre-empting the problem. they sway slowly from side to side in an effort to keep their balance. It’s two feet long device which can reverse diabetes.

Trojan asteroids were pre- Copyright © 2011 | WWW.50 crores is incurred for establishment of a Science City. transmitting images in real time from within. previous missions looking for the molecular variety — two atoms of oxygen bonding together — came up largely empty-handed. It changes the electrical properties of myofibroblast cells. It has an unusual orbit that traces a complex motion near the L4 point.UPSCPORTAL. dicted but never discovered until now.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. ultrasound is used by the plant inspectors to screen lengths of pipe for cracks. Chemical UDCA Sceintists found a chemical named UDCA that could prevent abnormal heart rhythm or arrhythmia.While atomic oxygen has been long known in warm regions of space. Science Cities Being Established National Council of Science Museums. The object is about 80 million kilometers from Earth. can directly monitor nuclear reactors and pinpoint corrosion.Time-sequence imagery of the Newton crater in the southern mid-latitude region showed finger-like markings spreading along several steep slopes and then fading again once colder temperatures move in. subject to fulfillment of norms. Other salient features of the approved norms are as under:i) The location of the Science City should be either a State Capital or an important city of the State having a sizeable population of not less than 50 lakh inclusive its vicinity. which are existing in the foetal heart and in patients who suffered heart attack.The asteroid is 300 meters in diameter.The US space agency said the orbiter circling Mars since 2006 had monitored numerous instances of what appeared to be water flows occurring in several locations during the Martian spring and summer.COM 34 . and in foetuses.In the approved norms an estimated expenditure of Rs. Harry Asada is a professor of mechanical engineering at Massachussetts Institute of Technology (MIT). ii) While deciding location for a Science Evidence of Water on The Planet Mars NASA scientists announced on 5 August 2011 that they had found the first evidence of flowing water on Mars. molecular variety of Oxygen has been discovered in space in Orion constellation of stars which forms clouds. but does not collide with the planet because it orbits around one of two Lagrangian points. an autonomous organization under Ministry of Culture is responsible for establishment of Science Centres (including Science Cities) based on proposals received from the concerned State Governments. iii) The new Science Cities are set up preferably only in those places where no major Science Centre exists. The asteroid’s orbit is well-defined and for at least the next 100 years. it will not come closer to Earth than 24 million kilometers. Egg Sized Robots Egg sized Robots developed by the scientists. both in people who've had a heart attack . named 2010TK7 which is the first known Trojan asteroid in Earth’s orbit. NASA confirmed that the evidence gathered by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter would be the first discovery of active liquid water in the ground on the red planet.NASA‘s Submillimetre Wave Astronomy Satellite and Sweden‘s Odin mission have both searched for molecular oxygen and established that its presence is much lower than expected.Egg sized Robots were developed by Harry Asada and his team.UDCA could help the heart muscle conduct electrical signals more normally. the primary concern shall be to ensure that it can draw at least 10 lakh visitors per year. A Trojan asteroid shares an orbit with a larger planet or moon. Asteriod 2010TK7 Discovered Astronomers using WISE telescope found the asteroid. These robots are underwater patrollers with cameras which can withstand a reactor’s extreme radioactive environment. At present. Oxygen Molecules in Orion Constellation of Stars For the first time.

Prahar Successfully Test-Fired Short-range surface-to-surface missile developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation. Prahar was successfully test-fired on 21 July 2011 from the Integrated Test Range in Balasore. carrying six cannistered missile rounds. Sperm lacking in the substance find it harder to swim to the egg.Prahar can image. A separate wheeled vehicle is being developed to act as a missile resupply station. For destinations in closer proximity to the Earth — for instance. Lophiomys Imhausi Makes Its Own Poison A species of rat makes its own poison by gnawing on a toxic tree and then slathering poisonous spit onto special absorbent hairs on its flanks. sediments below and ice above. a team of Oxford University and East African scientists have discovered. Acokanthera.The Crested Rat. socalled because human hunters extract ouabain from them to coat arrows that can kill an elephant.A report of the research appears this week in Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Its launch time is estimated to be two to three minutes and no preparation is required. The shuttle fleet has been retired on account of the American government’s budget cuts. Antarctica Lake Deep beneath the Antarctica ice sheets are at least 145 lakes that are teeming with micro scopicorganisms. which has a range of 45 km and the Prithvi missile that can attack targets 250 km to 350 km away. NASA’s 30-year-old space shuttle programme drew to a close. helping them swim through a woman’s body to fertilize the egg.Prahar will be extremely useful in emergency situations as it is multidirectional and auto loading in nature. This gene codes for a protein that clings to sperm. though it has announced a programme of manned missions farther off in outer space. with the third and final stage comprising only the manoeuvring warhead section. Prahaar boasts of a three-element flight-control system. Prahaar is expected to replace all existing Prithvi SS-150 missiles that are now deployed by the three Missile Groups attached to the Indian Army’s two Field Artillery Divisions. Prahar with greater accuracy will fill the gap between Pinaka. And till such services are on offer.UPSCPORTAL. It can also carry conventional warheads. the International Space Mission — they foresee the availability of commercial craft to ferry astronauts. Lophiomys imhausi. would fill the gap for a battlefield weapon system in the country's missile arsenal and would replace the unguided Pinaka and Smerch rockets (90 km range). Current efforts are focused on the ice above. is the first mammal ever found to acquire lethal toxin from a plant. The genetic change was found in a gene called DEFB126.Several Prahar missile like multiplerocket system Pinaka missile can be fired in one salvo.COM 35 . which includes lake water frozen to the ice sheet bot- Copyright © 2011 | WWW. from the bark of ‘Poison-arrow trees’. take out multiple targets and can be moved to any place. The ice sheets are up to 4km thick. Prahar will be used as a road-mobile weapon similar to the BrahMos supersonic multi-role cruise missile with each motorised transporter-erector-launcher (TEL) carrying six Genetic Change that Causes Male Infertility Scientists found a genetic change which makes men less fertile. Prahar which is a single stage missile with a range of 150 km and fuelled by solid propellants took off from a road mobile launcher in Launch Complex 3 of ITR in Chandipur. Prahar which was first unveilled in 2010 in scalemodel form at the Larsen & Toubro stall during DEFEXPO 2010. including to Mars’s orbit. Americans will rely on berths in Russia’s Soviet-era craft.Unlike Prithvi. They are considered one of the greatest unexplored frontiers on Earth.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. according to the scientists a man with the altered gene can also get his partner pregnant but taking a longer time.However. Scientists are engaged in a long term programme to understand what type of life may survive in the lake water. ouabain. the multi-barrel rocket system. It acquires the poison. Atlantis Reached Kennedy Space Centre With the Atlantis touching down at the Kennedy Space Centre on Thursday. vertically-launched missiles armed with conventional warheads.

both in terms of rapidity and intensity. mistreatment and potential harm to public health.Antarctic continent along with its surrounding ocean influences the climate not just in thehigh latitudes but across the entire planet. the Antarctic lake sediments play a pivotal role in palaeoclimate investigations. researchers cultured human liver cells. in a controlled environment with other factors. It could result into more accurate and efficient drug testing. Advertise your Business Here Contact Us Online: http://upscportal.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal.Afterwards scientists implanted the liver under the skin or inside the body cavity of mice and recreated many of the functions of a human liver.To create this artificial liver. as recommended by tom.The use of currently available commercial blood (serological) tests to diagnose active tuberculosis (TB) often leads to misdiagnosis. mistreatment and potential harm to public health. The Polar regions are the first to be affected by changes in climate.UPSCPORTAL. Among the various proxies that archive the information on palaeoclimate.COM 36 . such as mouse skin cells. WHO is urging countries to ban the inaccurate and unapproved blood tests and instead rely on accurate microbiological or molecular tests. USA developed an artificial liver that could be transplanted into mice and allow them to metabolize drugs as if they are humans beings. called Blood Test to Diagnose TB Can Be Dangerous A 12-month analysis reveals that currently available commercial blood tests for diagnosing active TB often lead to misdiagnosis. WHO is urging countries to ban these tests and instead rely on accurate microbiological or molecular tests. says WHO in a policy recommendation issued today. known as accreted ice. To help Test Drugs Human Like Liver to Be Transplanted in Mice Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Copyright © 2011 | WWW.

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Award constitutes Rs.Commissioned in January 1976.08s.F. The painter courted another biggest controversy by portraying “mother India” as a naked woman.Currently appointed as one of the Honorary Aides De Camp to the President of India.F. Rao selected for the award for her role in shaping the country’s Foreign Policy and her rich understanding of the India-China border issue.Scheme meant to benefit slum-dwellers and the urban poor. He has been awarded the nation’s 2nd highest Padma Vibhushan. managed to cross the qualifying mark. Norman Anil Kumar Browne Mr. Norman Anil Kumar Browne is New Air Chief Marshal. M. Later in the year 2010 he accepted the citizenship of Qatar that was offered to him. M. Born in Maharashtra Hussain began his career as a painter by painting film posters.F Hussain Passes Away India’s famous artist M.UPSCPORTAL.Sharath Gayakwad had earlier qualified for the London Paralympics 2012 in the 100m breaststroke event.Hussain passed away in London on July 03. Nirupama Rao Ms Nirupama Rao (Former Foreign Secretary and U.Khade though could not make the semifinals at FINA. Sandeep Sejwal was the first Copyright © 2011 | WWW.The scheme was launched in pursuance of the Government’s vision of creating a slum-free India in June 2011. Ambassador-designate) selected for the yearly annual award instituted by the Sree Chithira Tirunal Trust for the year 2011. States to include all cities with over 3 Lakh population as per the 2001 Census. His paintings have often courted controversies and wrath of people as his work often depicted gods and goddesses in nude form.As a result of their phenomenal performances at the World Championships.Built the Indian Defence Wing in Tel Aviv in 1997 and served as the DefenceAttache till July 2000 Virdhawal Khade Indian swimmer Virdhawal Khade on 27 July 2011 became the second Indian swimmer to qualify for 2012 London Olympics clocking 50. Poland Ship had the merit of participating in many amphibious operations both on the eastern and western seaboard of the country and landed troops and materials on all major landing sites in the Andaman sea region.S. He finished tied 41st overall out of 105 competitors. The eccentric painter who lived barefoot died at the Brompton and Harfield NHS foundation in London after months of prolonged illness.1 lakh and a citationMs.COM 45 . Rajiv Awas Yojana The Rajiv Awas Yojana is anticipated to cover about 250 cities nationwide by the end of 2017. at Gdynia. Khade is ranked 122 in the 50m butterfly event while Sandeep is 128th in the 100m breaststroke event.The States to select the cities in consultation with the Centre.Nick-named-Charlie Browne in Air Force PERSONS IN NEWS INS Sharabh The oldest commissioned ship of the Indian Navy INS ‘Sharabh’ decommissioned at the Naval Jetty at Port Blair in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. He covered the 50m distance in 24. After getting death threats in India he imposed exile on himself from the year 2006. and from then he was being considered as an anti-Hindu. He qualified for the 2012 London Olympics in the 100-metre freestyle event.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. He was popularly known as Picasso of India and was once a member of Rajya Sabha.34s in the 100m freestyle event at the 14th FINA World Championships in Shanghai.The Picasso of India courted controversy after he showed hindu deities in nude in his paintings. He succeeded Air Chief Marshal Pradeep Vasant Naik. Hussain took Indian art to the global stage but not without controversies. Khade and Sejwal currently are a part of the Top 150 list. He was a great fan of Madhuri Dixit such that he made a film with her called Gaja Gamini.He took charge as India’s 23rd Chief of the Air Staff. swimmer to qualify for the 2012 mega event in the 100 metres breaststroke event.

Mamta Sharma Mamta Sharma succeeded Ms Girija Vyas as the new chairperson of the National Commission for Women (NCW). Mr. meant to honour her contribution to the world of cinema.The newly elected Chairman and Vice Chairman shall continue in office along with the other office bearers till April 2012.S. Mitul Desai Mitul Desai (an Indian-American). Pradeep Kumar. a Haryana cadre IAS officer of the 1972 batch. Rakesh Sood. Mathai was India’s former ambassador to France.Mr. was to be conferred in 2008. Ashok Parija Members of the Bar Council of India (BCI) unanimously elected Ashok Parija as the new Chairman and Zafar Ahmed Khan as the new Vice-Chairman.The award. Aishwarya will now receive the award on the eve of the National Day of France. Mr. However she could not receive it then due to her father's illness. which is celebrated on 14 July of each year. Pyeongchang received a massive 63 of the 95 votes cast in the first round of the secret ballot in Durban. The Winter Olympics will likely put South Korea on the map as a winter sports hot spot.Elected as leader of the BJP legislature party through secret ballot & thus became the CM of Karnataka.He succeeds Nirupama Rao. retires as Defence Secretary on July 31 He was chosen by consensus by a panel comprising Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.He is to hold office for a two-year term. R. India’s am- Copyright © 2011 | WWW. Kumar.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal.Pyeongchang is the ski resort area located 180km east of Seol. Agarwal is appointed as the new Director (Finance) Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd. Aishwarya Rai Bachchan Aishwarya Rai Bachchan was honoured with Knight of the Order of Arts and Letters from the French government by the Ambassador of France in New Delhi. Munich received 25 and Annecy seven.UPSCPORTAL. Aishwarya Rai Bachchan had won the Miss World title in 1994 and starred in more than 40 Hindi-language films and a number of English-language films.T.Aishwarya is the first Asian actress and the youngest Indian to win the honour.Only two of 21 previous Winter Games have been in Asia after Japan hosted the event in Sapporo in 1972 and again in Nagano in 1998. Pyeongchang defeated Munich (Germany) and France's Annecy in the voting held in Durban. including the Steve Martin remake of the Pink Panther.T. Mr. Pyeongchang The International Olympic Committee (IOC) announced that Pyeongchang (South Korea) won the vote to be the host city for the 2018 Winter Pradeep Kumar Defence Secretary Pradeep Kumar chosen as CVC (Chief Vigilance Commissioner). State Department’s South and Central Asia Bureau to strengthen ties with the Diaspora groups.Ms Sharma was a member of the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly and President of Rajasthan State Women Congress Committee. South Africa. Rajan Mathai Rajan Mathai took charge New Foreign Secretary of India. Bastille Day is the French National Day.Ashok Parija is a member from the State Bar Council of Orissa while Zafar Ahmed Khan is BCI member from the State Bar Council of Madhya Pradesh.Agarwal R. Ashok Parija succeeded Gopal Subramaniam who laid down office upon his resignation as Solicitor General of the country.Mr.Election was held only for these two offices in which all 19 members of the BCI were unanimous in expressing their choice for posts of Chairman and Vice Chairman. appointed as Senior Adviser in the U. who has been named India’s ambassador to the US. Home Minister P Chidambaram and Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha Sushma Swaraj.COM 46 . Mitul in charge for working out means to facilitate the US Government to put together an alignment of groups to make it comfortable for Indians in the Diaspora as well as other Diaspora communities to make contributions to growth Sadananda Gowda CM of Karnataka D V Sadananda Gowda. Jerome Bonnafont on 13 July 2011.

K.She supported her husband in establishing a rehabilitation colony for leprosy patients. Naresh Chandra. Prabhakar as president for the term 2011-2014 at its annual general body meeting.Mittal who was appointed as Secretary Department of Financial Services in the Ministry of Finance.Usha started her career with another public sector lender BoB in 1982 as a specialist officer in planning division. who was elevated to the position of Chairman and Managing Director of the Cen- Vilasrao Deshmukh Union Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh defeated former Indian Captain Dilip Vengsarkar.Mr. Copyright © 2011 | WWW. Naved Masood Naved Masood took over as the New Secretary in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. 2 state-run lender Punjab National Bank (PNB).She is survived by sons Dr bassador to Nepal. several decades ago.COM 47 .UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. D. Prabhakar The All India Chess Federation (AICF) elected J. Brahmasree Malliyoor Sankaran Namboothiri Passed Away Eminent Sanskrit scholar and Bhagavatham proponent Malliyoor Sankaran Namboothiri passed away in Kuruppanthara.D. Nirupama Rao Nirupama Rao (Foreign Secretary) appointed the ambassador to the USA. life insurance joint venture formation and secretary of the board of directors.1973-batch IFS officer took over the office of the ForeignSecretary on August 1. M V Tanksale The Union government appointed M V Tanksale. She was to retire in December in 2010 at the age of 60 but wasgiven an extension till July-end as the Government fixed a two-year term for the post of foreign secretaryMs Rao’s appointment as the next ambassador to USA comes as a significant development in the backdrop of crucial Indo-US ties.C. former general manager of Bank of Baroda (BoB) as executive director of public sector lender Punjab National Bank (PNB).D. as the new chairman and managing director of Central Bank of India. 2009. She replaced M V Tanksale. near Kottayam ‘BhagavataHamsam’ Brahmasree Malliyoor Shankaran Namboothiri (91) was a well known proponent of ritual narration of Bhagavatam-stories. Naresh Chandra Government set up Task Force to review the existing National Security System.The Task force to suggest the measures to fortify the security machinery in the non-conventional areas of the Country. the first woman spokesperson of the MoEA (Ministry of External Affairs). becoming the second woman to head the Indian Foreign Secretary after Chokila Iyer.Naved Masood is a 1977 batch IAS officer of Uttar Pradesh cadre. and Magsaysay Award winner Dr Prakash Amte. by 47 votes to become the president of the Mumbai Cricket Association for the term of two years. will succeed Mathai as New Delhi’s envoy in Paris.Ms Rao succeeds Meera Shankar as the US Ambassador. Masood substituted Mr.She and her Husband dreamt for humankind and their struggle to put life For the recognition of her Service she was Conferred upon many awards including Chaturang Lifetime Achievement Award in the year 2007 for her notable contribution in the field of social work tral Bank of India.She also stood by her Husband all through the struggle and turbulent phases of life including the Narmada Bachao Andolan. was country’s ambassador to Sri Lanka and China before being appointed as the foreign secretary. Sadhana Amte A senior social worker wife of the Magsaysay Award winner late Shri Baba Amte popularly known as Sadhana-`tai’. J. Usha Ananthasubramanian The Government of India appointed Usha Ananthasubramanian. `Anandwan’. executive director of the country's No. Ms Rao.UPSCPORTAL. Tanksale who began his term on 29 June 2011 will remain in office till 31 July 2013. She worked in various capacities as zonal head (southern zone). Sadhana Amte (86) passed away after prolonged illness.C.The Task Force set up under the chairmanship of former Cabinet Secretary Mr. before rising to the post of general manager.

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Nagai R Muralidharan (Violin) and Srimushnam V. Uttara Asha Coorlawala (Creative & Experimental). an angavastram and tamrapatra.Kutiyattam). Rajarao (Mridangam) for Carnatic Instrumental Music. Dwijen Mukherjee. Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowships and Akademi Awards for 2010 were presented by Vice-President of India. dance and theatre honoured with the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for 2010 received purse money of Rupees one lakh. dance. The Sangeet Natak Akademi is the country’s apex cultural body for music. besides an angavastram and a tamrapatra. Dhrupad maestro Rahim Fahimuddin Dagar. K. and actors Dilip Phabhavalkar. while thirty-six artists and two scholars received the Akademi Awards for 2010. These honours are decided by the Akademi's General AWARDS & PRIZES Sangeet Natak Akademi Awards 2010 The Akademi Fellowship (Akademi Ratna Sadasyata) and Akademi Award (Akademi Puraskar) are the most coveted national honours conferred on performing artists.The highest honour of Akademi Fellowship (Akademi Ratna Sadasyata) was conferred on eminent vocalist Girija Devi. The winners of the Akademy Fellowship received purse money of Rupees three lakh.Ashok D. Four eminent personalities were conferred the Akademi's Fellowships. Nazeer Ahmad Khan Warsi & Naseer Ahmad Khan Warsi. Kalamandalam Kombil Gopala Vasudevan Nair (Kathakali). K. Manik Borbayan (Sattriya). scholars and nominees of the Government of India and of different States and Union Territories of India. The awards conferred by Union Copyright © 2011 | WWW. They winners include playwrights D Vizai Bhaskar (Telugu) and Atamjit Singh (Punjabi). the apex body consisting of eminent artists. Phanjoubam Iboton Singh (Manipuri). Murthy. The award was conferred upon the former Director of the Hyderabad-based National Remote Sensing Agency. theatre and the arts. The winners are:-Malabika Mitra (Kathak). and M. Krishna Kumari. Hamid Ansari. Suguna Purushothaman and Mysore Nagamani Srinath for Carnatic Vocal music. Note:-The eminent representatives of music. M. L. Rathna Kumar (Kuchipudi). National Award of Ministry of Earth Sciences The Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) conferred its national awards for outstanding lifetime contributions on the foundation of MoES which is on 27 July. B. In the field of music. eight persons were honoured. and the former Director of the Pune-based Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology. Banwari Taneja. Maya Krishna Rao and Swatilekha Sengupta. which is bestowed on a very limited number of artists and scholars at a given time. Deekshatulu.Somasundaram. Ranade was honoured with the Award for his scholarship in music and Jaidev Taneja for his overall contribution to theatre. Kalamandalam Raman Chakyar (Other Major Traditions of Dance & Dance Theatre . Chinna Anjanamma were some of the artists to receive the award for their contribution to other Traditional/Folk/ Tribal Music/ Dance/ Theatre forms. Deekshatulu won the award for his work in ocean science and technology while Dr. V. Harbhajan Singh Namdhari. Chandatai Jagdish Tiwadi (Bharud folk theatre of Maharashtra). The Fellowship of the Akademi is a rare honour. The awardees are as follows:-Chhanu Lal Mishra and Yashpaul for Hindustani Vocal Music. and S Rajeswari (Music for Dance – Bharatanatyam) In the field of theatre also. gurus and scholars of the performing arts. Aruna Mohanty (Odissi). Keshavamurthy received it for his contributions in atmospheric science and technology. renowned dance guru Nataraja Ramakrishna.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. T. nine practitioners received the award. N.Dr. In the field of dance. Keshavamurthy. nine artists received the award. and Mridangam vidwan T.COM 41 .UPSCPORTAL. Simhachala Sastry (Harikatha) for Other Major Traditions of Music. Budhaditya Mukherjee (Sitar) and Nityanand Haldipur (Flute) for Hindustani Instrumental Music. R. directors Veenapani Chawla and Urmil Kumar Thapaliyal.

The two Indians were honoured for their effort to harness technologies to empower their countrymen and create waves of progressive change across Asia. 1998 and Flaubert's Parrot. He established the company SELCO India in Bangalore in 1995. The experience he gathered there and in Sri Lanka inspired him to put up smallscale.Bangalore-based energy engineer and entrepreneur. 2005. seven of which were called in by the judges. He was also shortlisted in 1994 for The Folding Star. Four first time novelists and three Canadian writers were shortlisted. England. Ramon Magsaysay Award for 2011 Two Indians -Nileema Mishra.1 lakh each and a citation. the highest honour for any foreign Man Booker Prize 2011 The longlist for the 2011 Man Booker Prize for Fiction . She stove to address both aspirations and adversities of the villagers through collective action and heightened confidence. The list also includes three new publishers to the prize . Other Winners: Filipino charity group Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation. Swadhinata Sammanona Award Former Indian Prime MinisterIndira Gandhiwas honoured posthumously with the highest Bangladesh award the Bangladesh Swadhinata Sammanona (Bangladesh Freedom Honour ). standalone solar installations.The four first time novelists on the list are Stephen Kelman for Pigeon Engli . Yvvette Edwards for A Cupboard Full of Coats and Patrick McGuinness for The Last Hundred Days.The award included a 200 tola gold medal and a citation. Carol Birch was longlisted in 2003 for Turn Again Home.The titles were chosen by a panel of five judges chaired by author and former Director-General of MI5. Nileema Mishra was recognized for her purposedriven zeal to work tirelessly with villagers in Maharashtra.Bangladesh President Zillur Rahman presented the award. list includes 13 books. One former Man Booker Prize winner.Oneworld. is a published poet and is joined by fellow Canadians.000 and each of the six shortlisted authors.UPSCPORTAL.Irish writer Sebastian Barry (The Secret Scripture. During the tumultuous days of 1971. 2005) and Julian Barnes (Arthur and George. AD Miller. The list includes one former Minister for Earth Sciences Vilasrao Deshmukh carry a cash prize of loans to farmers. will receive £ 2. who won the prize in 2004 for The Line of Beauty. were considered for the Man Booker Dozen longlist.COM 42 . Alan Hollinghurst. During his graduation. The winner will receive £ 50. principled stand to side with the oppressed people of then East Pakistan. a leader in energy initiatives in the Caribbean. Mishra's gramin vigyan niketan provides rotating interest. including the winner. lobbied for Bangladesh internationally. two previously shortlisted writers and one long listed author was also named in the list. the great Indian leader Indira Gandhi had taken a firm. Harish Hande runs a solar electricity firm that has lit up over 125000 households to emerge as India's leading solar technology firm. Dame Stella Rimington. Patrick deWitt and Esi Edugyan.500 and a designer bound edition of their book. Under Indira Gandhi’s leadership India sheltered 10 million Bangladeshi war refugees. a lender to the poor in Maharashtra and US-trained Indian engineer Harish Hande who revolutionized the use of solar lights were among six people to have received the Ramon Magsaysay Award for 2011. Sandstone Press and Seren Books. fellow Indonesian Tri Mumpuni who promoted micro hydropower technology and Koul Panah who toils to restore democracy in Cambodia were the other winners of the Ramon Magsaysay Award for 2011.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. Hasanain Juaini. The Copyright © 2011 | WWW. 1984). A total of 138 books. secured the release of Sheikh Mujib from a Pakistani jail as well as risked a war to hasten Bangladesh’s freedom. who set up an Islamic school for girls in Indonesia. Two previously shortlisted authors also make the list.the Man Booker Dozen was announced. She founded the Bhagini Nivedita Gramin Vigyan Niketan in Maharashtra's Bahadarpur village which has a population of around 10000.He is a graduate from IIT Kharagpur and a PhD from the University of Massachusetts in the US.Canadian author Alison Pick. England. 2008 and A Long Long Way. on the longlist. he visited the Dominican Republic. like McGuinness. The award was meant to honour Indira Gandhi’s for her outstanding contributions to Bangladesh's Liberation War fought in 1971. His company provides affordable renewable energy services to poor villagers along with doorstep financing and services.

Devendra Kumar Rathore (gymnastics). boxer Suranjoy Singh. Sandhya Rani Devi. The captains of the men's and women's Copyright © 2011 | WWW.The Dhyan Chand Award is India’s highest award for lifetime achievement in sports and was instituted in 2002. footballer Sunil Chetri. volleyball player Sanjay Kumar. Venkateswara Rao (boxing). I.UPSCPORTAL. Dronacharya Award Five coaches were chosen for the Dronacharya award. who took up fulltime coaching after retirement on 26 June 2011 became the first footballer to win the prestigious Dhyan Chand award as recognition for his lifetime achievement in sports. Archer Rahul Banerjee.The selection of cricketer Zaheer Khan and Ashish Kumar. Transport.Syed Nayeemuddin remains the only football coach to recieve Dronacharya honour (1990). who almost got it last year. and companies and organisations on the eve of Independence Day (15 August). who won the world championship gold in shooting. Ravi Kumar.Yashvir Singh. a gold medallist in World Cups and individual champion in the Commonwealth Games. coach of Yogeshwar Dutt. Bangladesh set up the honours to decorate 47 foreigners who helped the country during its struggle for independence and mark the 40th anniversary of its achievement.The Awards will cover accessibility in the following fields: Built Environment. her strong role and unique contribution to Bangladesh’s independence. and wushu silver medallist in the Asian Games. The awardees are as follows: Ram Phal (wrestling). cooperation. badminton ace Jwala Gutta. kabaddi teams. Bengal’s Aparna Ghosh (basketball) was the first recipient of this award along with Ashok Diwan (hockey) and Shahuraj Birajdar (boxing). winner of the gold medal in the Commonwealth Games. were the others to be chosen for the Arjuna award. Dhyan Chand Award Shabbir Ali Former India strikerShabbir Ali. The award carries a cash prize of Rs 5 lakh. and weightlifter K.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. was also chosen for the award. The award was received by her daughter-in-law Sonia Gandhi who visited Bangladesh at the invitation of Sheikh Hasina. The awards are given out in three categories -.persons with disabilities.Swimmer Prasanta Karmakar who had the distinction of winning the Commonwealth Games and Asian Games medals.Hockey captain Rajpal Singh. came as no surprise. Mphasis Universal Design Awards 2011 The National Centre for Promotion of Empowerment of Disabled People (NCPEDP) in association with AccessAbility and BarrierBreak Technologies announced the winners of the NCPEDP-Mphasis Universal Design Awards-2011 in July 2011. was chosen for the honour as well. Arjuna Awards for 2010 The Dinesh Khanna-led Arjuna award panel had recommended increasing the number of Arjuna awards to 19 instead of the normal 15.The awards honour organisations and individuals for their exemplary work in promoting the cause of accessibility for the disabled. withdrew his nomination on 21 July evening thereby clearing the route for Ram Phal. Shabbir recently helped Bengal successfully defend the Santosh Trophy in Guwahati. working professionals. The award recognised Indira Gandhi’s direct support.Swimmer Virdhawal Khade.Asian champion and gold medallist in the Commonwealth Games.COM 43 . providing a silver lining to the troubled sport got for the award. who won the elusive Asian Games medal in Guangzhou. Rakesh Kumar and Tejaswini national after 40 years of Bangladesh's independence from Pakistan.Tejaswini Sawant. also made the list.Gagan Narang was selected for Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award. the first for the country after Khajan Singh's effort in 1986 in Seoul. Services and Aids and Appliances. long-time coach of world champion and Olympic bronze medallist wrestler Sushil Kumar. was selected for the award in the paralympic category. were chosen for the award. Information and Communication Technology. Rajender Singh (hockey) and Kunthal Kumar Roy (athletics).The All India Football Federation (AIFF) could not nominate Shabbir for the Dronacharya award as the guidelines stipulate that aspirants should have coached the national team. who bagged the first medals for the country in gymnastics in the Commonwealth Games and Asian Games. a statuette. GrecoRoman wrestler Ravinder Singh. a ceremonial dress and a scroll of honour.

UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. She was awarded the awarded the prestigious French knighthood for distinguished and extra ordinary services for strengthening and promoting cooperation between the Law Enforcement Agencies of Pakistan and France.which is promoting Indian classical music and culture.COM 44 .COM IAS MAINS STUDY KIT Total 5 Booklets in Hard Copy Medium: English No. of Pages: 1000+ Cost: Only Rs.The Ambassador of France lauded the dynamic manner in which she pioneered a wide range of programmes for capacity building of the Law Enforcement Agencies and Civil Armed Forces of Pakistan with the assistance of French Copyright © 2011 | WWW. Abbottabad. Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto. The French Ambassador at the award ceremony highlighted rich experience of Amna Imran in her capacity as a public servant including her posting as Public Relations Officer with Prime Minister. 19th Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award to be presented to the SPIC MACAY for its outstanding contribution towards the promotion of communal harmony. peace and goodwill. Islamabad. Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award SPIC MACAY is an organization.The award is given annually on 20th August Ads By UPSCPORTAL. Assistant Commissioner.UPSCPORTAL. 2000/- Order Online http://upscportal. Amna Imran Khan was awarded the Ordre National du Merite by President Nicholas Sarkozy of France. Joint Secretary to Prime Minister of Pakistan. Deputy Secretary Ministry of Interior. Deputy Director Anti Narcotics Ordre National Du Merite A female Pakistani DMG officer.

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Germany.batting maestro Sachin Tendulkar.Four Australians. Spain which is European and World champion at senior level defeated Switzerland 2-0 in the under-21 final on 25 June 2011. UEFA European Under-19 Championship: Spain won the tenth edition of the UEFA European Under19 Championship title in Romania beating the Czech Republic 3-2.COM 37 . Spain become the first country to hold both u-19 and u-21 title in the same year. 5. Brian Lara. The victory delivered a boost to the morale of a country which is still coping with the earthquake and tsunami aftermath. Curtly Ambrose and Wasim Akram are the other players in the list. Under captain Homare Sawa. 4 batting spot. Forlán scored in the 42nd and the final minute of the match for Uruguay to win the tilte. Paraguay had recorded draws against Ecuador. Imran Khan.Paco Alcácer score twice in the final 12 minutes and played a significant role in helping Spain attain the title. This has come as the good news for the Glazer family who bought the Club for 790 million pounds in the year 2005.165 billion pounds overshadowing American Franchises like the New York Yankees and the Dallas Cowboys.UPSCPORTAL. Richard Hadlee. in Buenos Aires. Curtly Ambrose and Glenn McGrath were named in the three fast bowlers' slots. 2004. The assessment has been made based keeping in mind the total income they get and the various sponsorship deals they make throughout the year. Kapil was chosen as the lone all-rounder beating the likes of Ian Botham.Goalkeeper Ayumi Kaihori made two saves and the final was settled by a penalty shoot-out before defender Saki Kumagai converted the spot-kick to give Japan its first World Cup title. one slot down Australian legend Don Bradman and one above West Indian Brian Lara. Most valued team in the world is Manchester United The Manchester United has been named as the world’s most valued team. 2006 and 2007. who was chosen at No. The victory achieved on 1 August marked the fourth for their coach. how they are still in debt but this does not deter them from being happy for making their club the most valued in the world. With the victory Uruguay became the competition's most successful team. Sunil Gavaskar and Virender Sehwag. Shane Warne. 1983 World Cup-winning captain Kapil SPORTS Football Women's Football World Cup: Japan lifted the women's football World Cup by defeating USA in a dramatic final in Frankfurt. 3-0. Óscar Tabárez coached Uruguay. Copyright © 2011 | WWW. Sunil Gavaskar and Virender Sehwag were included for opening slot while Indian batting maestro. The Red Devils have been estimated for a total amount of 1.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. Cricket ICC’s Peoples’ Dream XI: The International Cricket Council (ICC) released the list of Alltime Greatest Test team. Japan won the hearts of fans with impressive displays. Sachin Tendulkar found the place in middle order. Brazil and Venezuela in the group stages before beating Brazil and Venezuela after penalties in the knock-out rounds. the irrepressible Ginés Meléndez. two West Indians and one Pakistani also made it to Peoples' Dream XI as more than a quarter of million people voted on ICC's official website. Wasim Akram. Luis Suarez scored goal for Uruguay in the 12th minute. The ICC’s list includes four Indian cricketers namely. Copa America Cup: Uruguay won the Copa América for a record 15th time on by defeating Paraguay. Tendulkar occupied the No. Glenn McGrath.The dramatic penalty shoot-out victory over the United States helped Japan beat the USA for the first time at the 26th attempt.Sir Don Bradman.Paraguayans have been aiming to win their first Copa America since 1979. Argentina. Jacques Kallis. Adam Gilchrist. Australian Adam Gilchrist won the poll for the wicket-keeping slot while spinner Shane Warne got the nod of online voters ahead of the likes of India's Bishan Bedi and Anil Kumble and Sri Lankan Muttiah Muralitharan. Gary Sobers and Frank Worrell.Spain was Champion in European Under-19 Championship in the years 2002.

and include joint sub-committees.Cielo claimed the men's 50-meter butterfly in a time of 23.03 points.Greek swimmer Spyros Gianniotis dethroned German title-holder Thomas Lurz to win the 10km crown.Matsuda timed 1:54.The victory helped olympic champion. Men’s 10m Synchronised Diving: China’s Huo Liang clinched his third successive world title in the men’s 10m synchronised diving.As per the new agreement signed. the first man to win three world titles in the synchronised platform event.520. Both HI and IHF will continue to exist simultaneously in the country. to look after other areas. according to which hockey will be managed by a single administrative body in India. Phelps stood second and Hungary's Laszlo Cseh ranked third. Huo and Qiu won the title with 480.10 seconds moving past Australians Matthew Targett and Geoff Huegill.71 Italy's Fabio Scozzoli stood second.In a high-tempo evening at Oriental Sports Centre.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal.COM 38 . while China’s Sun Wenyan clinched bronze on 95. had won his previous two championships with Lin Yue.Spain’s Andrea Fuentes. Solo Free: Russia’s Natalia Ishchenko won her third gold at the Shanghai world championships with victory in the solo free. Hockey Single Administrative Body to control Hockey in India: A deal was struck in a meeting between Indian Hockey Federation (IHF) president RK Shetty and Hockey India (HI) secretary Narinder Batra.With the victory he won his third straight world title in his favourite 200m butterfly event. 50m & 100m Butterfly: Brazil's Cesar Cielo and American Dana Vollmer won gold medals in butterfly events at the 2011 World Swimming Championships in Shanghai. who has repeatedly lost out to Lurz finally topped the podium after touching in 1hr 54min 24.01 came second.7sec in baking conditions at Jinshan City Beach. edging Alicia Coutts of Australia by just 7/100ths of a second.Germany's Patrick Hausding and Sascha Klein finished second on 443. The JEB will have 39 members (20 from HI and 19 from IHF) while a joint Working Committee of eight members (4 each) will be formed simultaneously. won silver on 96. He finished in a time of 58.Dana Vollmer on the other hand captured the women's 100-meter butterfly.Lochte out-duelled Olympic champion Phelps of America to win the medley in 1min Swimming 2011 World Swimming Championship 200m Butterfly: America’s Michael Phelps won gold in the 200m butterfly event in the World Swimming Championship in Shanghai. who had secured three bronze medals in the Shanghai world competition so far.UPSCPORTAL. he gave China it’s second gold medal of the world swimming championships. behind China's Ye Shiwen.The world record-holder stormed ahead and fought off challenge by Japan's Takeshi Matsuda. Michael Phelps break his gold medal drought in Shanghai.840 points in the solo free category. Beijing Olympics gold medal winner Stephanie Rice of Australia was fourth. Coutts was 1/10th of a second behind. Ishchenko had already won the solo technical and then the duet technical with Svetlana Romashina in the main pool of the Oriental Sports Centre. clocking a winning time of 1min 53.00sec surpassing his 2009 World record. Huo. 8. 200m Individual Medley: America's Ryan Lochte broke a 19-month record drought when he won a thrilling 200m individual medley at the FINA World championships in Shanghai.90 seconds. She won 13th world championships gold in total when she scored 98. Australian hotshot James Magnussen delivered a fifth-to-first victory in the 100m freestyle.550 points.The deal struck is expected to This will help thwart an increasingly aggressive sports ministry from taking a decision on the sport’s future into its hands as well as streamlining the preparations for 2012 Olympics. Gianniotis.Jiao Liuyang claimed China's fourth swimming gold in the women's 200m butterfly.Alicia Coutts finished second in the women's 200-meter individual medley.Norway's Alexander Dale Oen won the men's 100-meter breaststroke. Combining with new partner Qiu Bo. However the joint working committee will govern hockey like select- Copyright © 2011 | WWW.01. The vic- tory came only a few days after Cielo was cleared of doping charges by the Court of Arbitration for Sport. who went from fifth to first on the final leg and touched the wall in a time of two minutes. while 2009 world champ Ariana Kukors of the United States placed third after leading on the final leg.34sec. a Joint Executive Board (JEB) is to be put in place which will be responsible for India’s representation in all international and national events.

Italy won silver at Beijing 2001 and won the world title in 1999 in Riom. who entered the tournament as a lucky loser. with McLaren's home favourite Lewis Hamilton finished fourth. Vettel moved closer to defending his title with eight races left after the mid-season break. came fifth in the men's 800m race in a time of 1:47. Briton Mukhtar Mohammed (1:45.90) took the gold and was followed by Sudan's Ahmad Ismail. Motor Racing Hungarian Grand Prix: McLaren's Jenson Button won the Hungarian Grand Prix. the Beijing Olympics silver medallist. France. a shade under her season best (2:02.Vettel finished second ahead of his Red Bull teammate and pole setter Mark Webber. Luka won 5000 Swedish Kroner (Rs 34. The victory at Hungarian Grand Prix marked his second victory of 2011. Ambika is an active player on the Indian junior circuit and has won junior national series and championship series titles. who crossed the line over 16 seconds behind Alonso. His victory marked the celebration of his 200th Formula One start. The Indian record holder. did not inspire the Indians as they shot a very poor third end for a score of 50 points out of ing.55 at Kobe) in the 800 metres event. Tintu Luka clocked 2:02.58. They had met the Indians seven times before with 4-3 record on the head to head clash. training and fielding teams in international events and conduct national tournaments.47) for most of the race before moving ahead during the final 200 metres. This is the first-ever win by an Indian junior player at this prestigious tournament. Laishram Bombayla Devi and Chekrovolu Swuro settled for a silver medal in the Archery World Championship at Turin after losing the recurve event final to their Italian opponents. including the national championships. Fourth seeded Indian had defeated eighth seed Tracy Dong of Canada 7-6 6-4 in the semifinals.49.Vettel. T. The Italians turned the table on their rivals with a fine round of 55 that eventually gave them four-point cushion that stood the team well. The other Indian runner in the fray in the Karlstad meet.000) for her win. Ghamanda Ram.Ambika. Baluciante came second in 2:02. Athletics Folksam Grand Prix Meet : Tintu Luka coached by P. British Grand Prix: Fernando Alonso won the British Grand Prix thereby delivering Ferrari's longawaited first win of 2011.Ambika trains at DLTA in New Delhi and is coached by former Indian Davis Cup player Vishaal Uppal. The victory marked Alonso’s 27th career victory and it drew him closer to three-time winner of the British Grand Prix. Japan he secured Ferrari's first win since 2010 Korean Grand Prix. Tennis Canadian U-18 ITF Junior World Ranking Championship: Fourth-seed Ambika Pande became the first Indian tennis player ever to win the Canadian U-18 ITF Junior World Ranking Championship. Jackie Stewart’s record.72 while Melissa Bishop of Canada was third in 2:02. Asian Athletics Championship: India finishes 8th with a total of 11 medals in 19th Asian Athletics Championships 2011held in Kobe. Luka remained behind Lithuanian Egle Balciunate (personal best 1:59. the reigning world cadet individual champion. at 1:46. The Indians lost out 207-210 even though they had a onepoint lead at half-way stage.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. Sweden. Italians had defeated India at the Porec Copyright © 2011 | WWW. then pulled off five straight wins.09 and Denmark's Andreas Bube.The 29-year-old Spaniard had in the past won the British race for Renault in 2006 and woth his victory in the British Grand Prix Archery Archery World Championship: The Indian trio of Deepika Kumari.UPSCPORTAL.Red Bull's Sebastian Vettel was second despite and increased his championship lead over teammate Mark Webber to 85 points.The Indians succumbed to the pressure and even the presence of Deepika. Usha opened her European tour with a victory in the Folksam Grand Prix meet at Karlstad. He had won his first Grand Prix in 2006 in Hungary.25s. retained his lead in the drivers' championship on 204 points from Webber on 124 with Alonso moving up into third on 112.COM 39 . She defeated Canada’s third seed Gloria Liang 6-4 46 7-6(5) in the final to win the ITF juniors U-18 event in Vancouver. He has 11 Grand Prix races in a career that started with team Williams in 2000. in 1:46.80.Lewis Hamilton (McLaren) stood fourth while Red Bull’s Mark Webber finished at number five. Ferrari's Fernando Alonso was third.

The silver is the only medal India won in the championship as the men failed to get past the first elimination round and none of the six archers made it to the quarterfinals in the individual events.UPSCPORTAL.COM 40 .This was the best finish by the women in the history of the Copyright © 2011 | WWW.UPSCPORTAL Current Affairs : http://upscportal. The only positive the Indians carried into the final was their semifinal victory over World champions Korea.Sodhi won gold in the World Cup Finals in Turkey in 2010.1: Double-trap shooter and Asian Games gold medalist Sodhi ranked No. Advertise your Coaching Center Online for FREE Contact Us Online: http://upscportal.He recently won the silver medal in the Beijing World Cup to reserve a seat in the Olympics. Their previous best was a fourth place at Madrid in 2005.1 in the world by the International Shooting Sport Federation(ISSF). where they had lost to Russia in the bronze medal 2010 and Shanghai 2009 World Cup. Ronjan Sodhi ranked No.

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