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Module Digital Communications Engineering

ELTR9003: Digital Communications

Module Delivered in

Programme Code CR_ETELT_9 CR_ECOSY_9

Programme Master of Engineering in Telecommunications Engineering Postgraduate Diploma in Telecommunications Engineering

Semester Delivery 1 1 Group Elective 2 Group Elective 2

Short Title: Full Title: Module Code:

Digital Communications APPROVED Digital Communications Engineering ELTR9003 NFQ Level: Expert ECTS Credits: 5.0

Module Coordinator:


Description: This module on Digital Communications Engineering is specifically designed for level 9 telecommunications/electronic engineering students. It addresses stochastic communications signal theory, matched filtering and binary signal detection, noise and M-ary signal space concept in digital communications, coherent detection of M-ary signals with Gaussian noise, noncoherent detection, Gaussian minimum shift keying (GMSK) which are essential to analysis and systems design in digital communications engineering. The module encompasses the concepts of random communications signals, matched filtering and signal detection, coherent and non coherent digital carrier detection, and GMSK. Learning Outcomes: On successful completion of this module the learner will be able to 1. Determine the autocorrelation, power density density content and bandwidth of typical digital communications stochastic signals. 2. Design a matched filter for a variety of binary signal representations and evaluate bit error performance 3. Represent M-ary signals in an orthonormal basis vector space and determine their resultant correlation coefficients with Euclidean distances 4. Analyse matched filter and correlation receiver operation for coherent M-ary signal detection with noise and calculate probability of error detection. 5. Analyse matched signal envelope detector operation for noncoherent M-ary FSK signal detection with noise and calculate probability of bit error detection. Pre-requisite learning Module Recommendations This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is strongly recommended before enrolment in this module. You may enrol in this module if you have not acquired the recommended learning but you will have considerable difficulty in passing (i.e. achieving the learning outcomes of) the module. While the prior learning is expressed as named CIT module(s) it also allows for learning (in another module or modules) which is equivalent to the learning specified in the named module(s). It is recommended that the module elective for DLX4 on Digital Communications - Spread Spectrum Radio or Advanced Digital Communications or level 8 equivalent be covered as a precursor to this module. It is a requirement that the following be covered, apriori to this module, (1) Communications Engineering for Electronics Engineers and Digital Signal Processing pertaining to DLX4 or level 8 equivalent. (2) Communications Systems and Engineering Maths V modules pertaining to DLX3 or level 8 equivalent. (3) Level 8 Engineering Mathematics embracing Probability distribution functions, Fourier transform theory, number theory and Galois Fields. (4) Knowledge of C-language including numerical simulation packages Mathlab/SimulinkTM and MathematicaTM. (5) Numerical methods for integration, data analysis, and linear algebra. Incompatible Modules These are modules which have learning outcomes that are too similar to the learning outcomes of this module. You may not earn additional credit for the same learning and therefore you may not enrol in this module if you have successfully completed any modules in the incompatible list. No incompatible modules listed

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Module Digital Communications Engineering

Requirements This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is mandatory before enrolment in this module is allowed. You may not enrol on this module if you have not acquired the learning specified in this section. No requirements listed Co-requisites No co-requisites listed listed

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Module Digital Communications Engineering

ELTR9003: Digital Communications

Module Content & Assessment

Indicative Content Random Communications Signals Types Random binary waveform, random phase carriers, uniform and Gaussian white noise. Probability densities, stationarity, ergodicity, ensemble and time averaging. Signal autocorrelation, power spectral density and bandwidth Matched Filtering and Binary Signal Detection MAP receiver structure, likelihood functions, probability of error and binary decision threshold, Q-function. SNR optimisation and Matched Filter (MF) design. Equivalence of MF and correlator receiver. Applications of MF, Error probability performance of binary signalling unipolar and antipodal forms. Noise and M-ary Signal Space Concept in Digital Communication Geometric representation of signals and noise, orthogonalization of signals, Gram Schmidt Procedure. Signal space concepts, correlation coefficients and euclidean distance. M-ary orthogonal signal representation PSK, FSK, ASK, APK QAM. Orthogonal and nonorthogonal binary vector representation, Hadamard matrix, signal correlation coefficient and distance, Biorthogonal and Simplex signals. Simplex signal construction. Coherent Detection of M-ary Signal with Gaussian Noise Signal space decision regions. Maximum-likelihood (ML) receiver, matched filter response and noise correlation, MF output vector pdf, decision error probability -union bound. M-ary signal detection - basis vector correlation receiver and MF equivalent. Decision error probability for orthogonal signal reception, receiver output vector pdf, decision error probability for binary orthogonal signals union bound. Coherent detection of BPSK, multiple PSK and FSK, probability of error. Noncoherent Detection Noncoherent Detection of FSK, BFSK quadrature correlator receiver, matched FSK signal envelope detector, bit error probability, Orthogonal FSK signalling, minimum tone spacing. Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying (GMSK) Continuous phase modulation (CPM), CISI introduction, GMSK, Viterbi Equalizer Assessment Breakdown Course Work End of Semester Formal Examination Outcome addressed Formal End-of-Semester Examination Coursework Breakdown Type Description Outcome % Assessment addressed of Date total 1,2,3,4,5 10.0 Sem End 1,2,3,4,5 % of total 60% % 40.0% 60% Assessment Date Semester End

Practical/Skills Evaluation Other Other Other Other

Laboratory course work - usage of Mathematica and Mathlab/Simulink software packages and Practical Demonstrations Problem Exercise Sheet #1 Assessment Examination #1 Problem Exercise Sheet #2 Assessment Examination #2

1,2 1,2 3,4,5 3,4,5

7.0 8.0 7.0 8.0

Week 6 Week 6 Week 11 Week 12

The institute reserves the right to alter the nature and timings of assessment

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Module Digital Communications Engineering

ELTR9003: Digital Communications

Module Workload & Resources

Workload Type Description

Full-time Hours Frequency Average Weekly Learner Workload 1.00

Lecture Lab Independent & Directed Learning (Non-contact)

Lecture course notes delivery Laboratory software simulation: Mathlab/Simulink and Mathematica Usage

3.5 3.0

Every Week 3.50 Every Third Week

Study of course material with Provison of 2.5 Addenda/supplementary material on course material and problem exercises

Every Week 2.50

Total Weekly Learner Workload 7.00 Total Weekly Contact Hours 4.50 Resources Recommended Book Resources B. Sklar 2001, Digital Communications, Prentice Hall Glover & Grant 1998, Digital Communications, Prentic Hall M.A. Abu-Rgheff 2007, Introduction to CDMA Wireless Communications, Academic Press Supplementary Book Resources R. E. Ziemer, R. W. Peterson 2001, Introduction to Digital Communications, Prentice Hall R. E. Ziemer, R. L. Peterson, D. E. Borth 1998, Introduction to Spread Spectrum Communications, Prentice Hall Other Resources Website: Matlab Communications Toolbox, Mathworks

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