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Center for Energy Conver3on & Conserva3on Technology Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), Indonesia
APCRES 2013, 30 September 2 October 2013 Nusa Dua, Bali , Indonesia 0

M.A.M. Oktauk

1. Backgrounds 2. Poten3al Demand of Smart-Grid 3. Smart Micro-grid Sumba A Pilot Project 4. Discussions & Further Work

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Paradigm shi3 of Na7onal Energy Policy: availability and aordability limita3on of (Subsidzed) Fossil Fuel ---> high expecta3on to more "Green Energy" supply: New and Renewable Energy Sources (NRES) and also Energy Eciency (EE), in the na3onal energy-mix in the near future. High increase of energy demand (Fuel and Electricity): popula3on and economic growth, give more pressure to increase the energy supply (fuel and electricity) Types of Clean Renewable (Green) Energy Technology: Almost all RES available: e.g. Solar PV, Pico/Micro/Mini Hydro, Bioenergy, Geothermal: with their own limita3on and benet, in par3cularly their site specic, low energy-density and intermibent prole. Economically can not compete the heavily subsidized fossil fuel, without a beber pricing policy.

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Landscape of Energy Technology Problems: Fuel Electricity, Supply Demand, Planning Opera3on, Technology Manufacture/Fabrica3on Supply & T/D of electricity in Indonesia: dominated by PT PLN (Limited) and IPP (Independent Power Producer). The installed capacity of PLN and IPP plants reached 32.9 GW. sales grow from 79 TWh in 2000 to 147 TWh in 2010 or grow an average 6.4% per year. Main customers: household (40%), industry (35%) and commercial (18%). Na7onal Electrica7on Ra7o is 67.5% in the year of 2010 SAIDI (Standard Average Interrup7on Dura7on Indicator) and SAIFI (Standard Average Interrup7on Frequency Indicator (SAIFI), quite high at 7.00 hours/customer/year for SAIDI and 6.85 3mes/customer/year for SAIFI. High increase of energy demand (Fuel and Electricity): popula3on and economic growth, give more pressure to increase the energy supply (fuel and electricity)

Interconnected Systems

Two of main islands have own interconnected systems The rests are: (about 500 clusters)
Clusters of service areas with main grids, including remote off-grid distributed systems (Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Papua) Small islands: clusters of grids mainly of diesel systems, off-grid distributed systems
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NAD 90,85%

Category :
Sumut 79,05% Riau 58,66% Kalbar 58,34% Kepri 44,45% Kalteng 57,07% > 60 % Kaltim 65,25% Gorontalo 46,79% 41 - 60 % Sulut 65,84% 20 - 40 % Malut 63,84% Papua Barat 41,87%

Sumbar 71,13% Jambi 75,71% Bengkulu 61,11% Lampung 61,25% Banten 67,29%

Sumsel 56,39% Babel 68,73% Jakarta 100% Kalsel 70,53%

Sulbar 60,85%

Sulteng 56,04% Sultra 47,11% Maluku 72,62%

Bali 70,87%

Sulsel 65,93%

Papua 31,61%

Jabar 69,04%

Jateng 70,42%

DIY 75,70%

Jatim 65,54%
2008

NTB 31,20%

NTT 29,10%
RENCANA (Tahun) Plan ( year ) 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 80,0%

REALISASI Real( year (Tahun) ) 2005 Rasio Electrica7on Elektrif ikasi Ra7o 62% 2006 63% 2007 2009

64,3% 65,1% 65,8% 67,2% 70,4% 73,6% 76,8%

Source: DJK (2011)

People's access to electricity services need to be increased in line with the increasing electricity demand. To meet the growing need requires an addi3on of a large power supply and needs to be improved for the long term. The issue of the adequacy of supply can be seen from the reduc3on in carrying capacity as the dera3ng, the decreased of index reliability, adequacy and quality of primary energy that is not appropriate. Besides the age factor is the cause of genera3ng units have dera3ng, where the old coal power plant for over 25 years and a power plant / PLTGU older than 15 years experienced signicantly dera3ng. Fuel consump3on is not in accordance with his power causes a decrease in plant performance and reliability as well as increasing the cost of electricity produc3on. The Government con3nues to make eorts to meet the needs of electric power throughout Indonesia. In 2010, the government issued a second FTP (Fast Track Program ) which usage of renewable energy for electricity genera3on is expected to begin play

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26 TWh

62 TWh 2012 2021

IB : 10,5%

37 14 TWh TWh

IT : 11,4%
132 TWh 259 TWh

JB : 7,9%

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PLN's TEN YEARS CAPACITY EXPANSION PLANNING 2012 2021


MW

( Renewable Energy increases from 12 % to 20 % )


Capacity Expantion Plan Annual Growth of Energy: 8.65% per year

CFPP: 38 GW GeoPP: 6.3 GW

HEPP : 6.3 GW GTPP: 4 GW

CCPP: 2.5 GW Other/NRE: 0.28 GW


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(Source, Kadiv ET PLN, 2013

2010 2030:
PP Capacity Development Multiply by ~ 5 - 7 folds
33,2 GW -> 162 GW , (Base, 8%/th). -->228 GW (MP3EI, 10%/th)

RE Power Gen Cap. ~6x; 6,6 -> 39 GW (Base) Geothermal & Hydro: 12 GW
(7%) and 18,3 GW(11%) in 2030.

NRE rapid growth could not be able to increase its role in the na7onal energy mix (<2%).

Coal PP: 60%-70%


2030: 97,6 GW (base) and 160,7 GW (MP3EI).
OEI 2012, BPPT

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Projec7on of Cummula7ve PV Installa7on Capacity

2200 MW

1260 MW

Potential Application in Grid connected (Private Sector Driven) Roadmap of Application in remote Area (Govt Spending)

1000Pengembangan Islands PVPLTS Development Program of PLN


PV Development Program up to 2021 : 850 MW
NAD: 44 locations, 7.4 MWp Kaltim: 30 locations 24,9 MWp Sumut: 27 locations 6.1 MWp Sulut, Sulteng, Gorontalo: Riau: 151 locations 60.1 MWp 39 locations 30.9 MWp Babel: 16 locations 35.0 MWp Maluku, Malut: 29 locations 33.5 MWp Kalbar: 63 locations 40.1 MWp Papua, Pabar: 66 locations 44.9 MWp Sumbar: 42 locations 7.7 MWp

Sumsel, Jambi, Bengkulu: 6 locations 3.4 MWp Lampung: 18 locations 2.5 MWp Jabar, Banten: 3 locations 1.1 MWp Jateng DIY: 5 locations 0.7 MWp

Kalselteng: 96 locations 48.7 MWp Sulselrabar: 17 locations 29.7 MWp

NTT: 99 locations 45.2 MWp Jatim: 12 locations 4.3 MWp Bali: 1 locations 0.3 MWp NTB: 15 locations 44.5 MWp

PLN plan to developed Solar as an hybrid system with existing Diesel, Biomass or other RE potentials in a small islands, to respond with GOI policy to reduce oil consumption

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HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL IN INDONESIA


75 GW (HPPS 1983) with 3,9 GW IN OPERATION
ACEH 5.062 MW

NORTH SUMATERA 3.808 MW

SOUTH,CENTRAL & EAST KALIMANTAN 16.844 MW

WEST SUMATERA & RIAU 3.607 MW

NORTH & CENTRAL SULAWESI 3.967 MW

PAPUA 22.371 MW
WEST KALIMANTAN 4.737 MW MOLUCCU 430 MW

SOUTH SUMATERA, JAMBI, BENGKULU & LAMPUNG 3.102 MW

CENTRAL JAVA 813 MW

SOUTH & SOUTH-EAST SULAWESI 6.340 MW

BALI & NUSA TENGGARA 624 MW WEST JAVA 2.861 MW

EAST JAVA 525 MW

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Task
Prepare blueprint of Smart Grid implementation in Indonesian power system and initiates pilot plant for Smart Micro-grid

Urgencies:
Establishing more robust, efficient, fully automatic operation and control of interconnected power systems Achieving an international standards of 9 time maximum outages per consumer per year Boost ratio of electrifications up to 80% through development of transmission and distribution networks, as well as encouraging growth in generating capacity as much as 30,000 MW. Increase penetration of renewable energy to 16.10% Development of energy self-sustained areas

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