You are on page 1of 14

day tho

~ PhrasalVerbs ~
11
your own words. .~

Appendix 1

A: Okay, Mr Murphy, bookingyouin for 2 o'clockon Friday, then. B: 4) A: Goodbye. .

of you~

Use phrasal verbs with hold and clearto complete the sentences.Then explain the phrasal verbs in

r)

~~~ f~'))

b. Using language from the box, act out dialogues about the remaining items in the diary.
Requesting an Appointment formal

esbelov

IJ.~~I,(~

lJJ~r/d/~'Ki!~
rtQ.Q11t I!'~")

. I'd like to makean appointment with ... please.


. Wouldit bepossible for meto see... at <time>on <day>? . Couldyoutell meif ... hasanytimeavailable today/
tomorrovy/next week,etc ...?

qfJJ
>nditions

Therecently retired ballplayer ......................................


his lockerandsadly left the stadium. 2 If that rashhasn't bynextweek, we'll haveto put youon stronger antibiotics. 3 Theathlete the batonto her 4 teammatewhojustbarelymanaged to grabit. After being defeatedin the final round, the young tennisplayercouldbarely her tearsof disappointment. S Theman wasshotasheattempted to ........................... andwasrushed to hospital. the bank 6 Afterthe nursehad herlunch

.
. .

informal Weneedto find a few minutes to chatabout ...

Have yougot anytimeto discuss...?

Canyoubethereat ...?
Rearranging an appointment formal Iwaswonderingif I couldmovemyappointment to ... Wouldit be possible to seehim at/on ... instead? I can't makeit at/on... , but I canbethereat ... . Isthat alright? It'sa bit difficultfor me,canwe moveit to ...

ut j'vebeer ant to rela.


) the gyr' In exceptiong the wa. :k daughte). You're no:

tray,May triedto takeanap.


7 Doctors tellingthe patientabouttheir

suspected diagnosis untilmore testscould beconducted.

~ Communication: Making Appointments


12@ Listen to a dialogue and fillin the gaps below.
Whichof the itemsinthe diaryis being discussed?

Acceptingan appointment Yes, that wouldbefine/isquiteconvenient/suits mefine/suits myschedule perfectly. That'sperfect/great/fine. Rejecting an appointment . I'mafraidI'm busythen'!l haveanotherappointmentat that time.!I'1i betied up then.lThat's not convenient. Couldwe makeit for a latertime/date?

. . .
.

informal

19 out fats::

Thatwon't work, I'mafraid.


MONDAY 9JULY
. Call Dr
. Inform
Smith.

Fri at 2 possible?
11.30 finance meeting

Bob about

'Is/proverb!>

(v.imp!)
. Accountant - 5.30?

e body, sue

. 18.39
Rea"ange

MjMa3h nt'.&Tan

iressed) the:'

for after 7!

ys. Jly)a fitn~ A: DrSmith's office,canI helpyou? B: Yes,hello.ThisisJimMurphycalling. 1) with Dr Smithfor thiscomingFriday. A: Okay, let mesee... 11o'clockbeconvenient for you? B: Hmm...2) . A: Yes, howabout 2 o'clock? B: 3) . 151

(convertec. ,fmedicine.

faulty/criticai denonesine:. /full) breatt~

,.

Listening & Speaking,;


(Listening - Part 2

Now listen to the recording. For questions H choose the answer, (A,B,Cor D) which fits bes' according to what you hear.
Keith feels heliskiing should not be permitted il'

a. Youwill heara medical advisor talkingabout


exercise and health. Before you listen, discuss in

pairs:
. What are the benefits of exercise to the body? can exercise create?

UKbecause A B ( D 2 manypeoplehavebeenkilled. heliskiers aretoo far from help. it isbannedelsewhere. weatherconditions areunsuitable.

What problems

Now listen to the recording. For questions 1-8, complete the sentences.

Problems The positive effects of exerciseare negated by our

Keithsaysthat the mostimportant choiceto make' ensuresafetywhen skiingisthat of A the slope. B yourcompanions. ( yourequipment. D the helicopter. Helenaarguesthat the locationsheliskiers useare A proneto avalanches. B veryclose to resorts. ( not assteepasstairs. D generally fairlysafe.

~ ~
Theeffectiveness of our
boosted as it should be.

I. I.

The worst problems are caused by exercising

Iisnot
I hours after exercise.
of a damaging

4 Keithagrees with Helenathat


A B ( D heliskiing represents anenvironmental threat. the dangers at homearejustasgreat. otherextreme sportsarenot asrisky. the riskof avalanche isfairlyminimal.

We are particularly vulnerable to disease for

@]

Strenuous exercise can stimulate production

[I
Prevention

I in the body.

5 What doesKeith describeasdifficult to foresee?


A snowquality B weatherconditions ( wildlifeactivity D dangerlevels 6

Control exercise level: aim to keep your heart beat to about @] I of its fastest speed.

You should not exercise for more than

~
It'simportantto [I
after exercise.

I at atime.
1for24hours

Helenaisworried that
A B ( D peopletakeunnecessary risks. dangerissubjectively assessed. othersportsmaybe banned. skiingmightget a badname.

c. In pairs, think of any other precautions to ensure that exercise is beneficial to our health.

c. Do you think that dangerous sports should be banned? Discussin groups.

* ...

,.

(Listening-Part 4

(Listening - Part3

a. You will hear a radio interview in which two


people discussthe sport of heliskiing. Before you listen, discussin pairs:

a. You will hear five people talking about sport. Before you listen, look at the list of people in Task 1. How can each contribute to a sports club? Discussin pairs.

'f

. .
152

. Whatdoyouthink heliskiing is?


Whatotherextreme sportsdo youknowof? Wouldyouliketo try extreme sports? WhyNVhy not?

Now listen and do the following tasks.

ns 1-6, ts best
ed in the

Task1
For questions 1-5, choose from the list A-H the person who is speaking. A footballplayer B coach .'" C manager D groundskeeper

Task2
For questions 6-10, choose from the list A-H the comment which each speaker makes. A 'It's all a matterof preparation.' B 'I wassodisappointed.' C 'It's sounfair.' D 'I'm not worriedanymore.' E 'It allworkedout in the end.' F 'It'stoo difficultfor me.' G 'We'vedoneall we can.' H 'Weachieved a lot.'

IT]
IT]

E physiotherapist
) make to

F commentator G fund-raiser H parent

IT] [IT]

Speaking

- Part2:Describing, Speculating & Eliminating


~ude~
ude~ b. Would you want to be a surgeon? Why/Why not?

Iseare

~ Keep on Running
4

a. look at the three photographs below. Compare two of the pictures and say what is happening in the photographs and how the people might be feeling.

6
eat.

listen to two candidates


doing the speaking tasks above and compare their performance to that of your classmates. Assess your classmates in

!see?

terms of:


JUsefullanguage:Speculating about People's Feelings
lookingat the expression on hislher face... he/she appears ... It isobvious ... Theylookrather... I wouldsaytheyare... . Theymustbe ... /' '" What is happening I in the photographs~ How might the \ people be feeling?

grammar and vocabulary


discourse management

pronunciation interactive communication

~ Everyday English
7
a No idea, sorry. b Couldn't tell you. c Neverheard of it. d e

Responding negatively

Inpairs,decidewhat the other


speaker has said and use the expressions below in response.

)uld be

b. Haveyou done anything similar lately?

~ude~tI::,

Medicine in Action
~udent

5
sport. )ple in )orts

a. Now look at the three photographs below. Compare two of the pictures and say what is happening and why they might have been taken.

I haven'tgot the faintestidea. I can't help you, sorry.

A: Doyouknow where Billis? B: Noidea, sorry.


What is happening in the photographs? Why do you think they might have been taken?

153

Reading - Part3

a. Whatdoes a referee'sjob
involve?What difficultiesmight he encounter? b. YOtl, will readan articleabout Pierluigi(oUina,a famousretired football referee.Beforeyou read, look at the title of the article. What attitude would you expect he hadtowardshisjob? c. Thefollowing commentsare madeby (oUinain the article. What do you think he means? Discuss with a partner,then read the articlequicklyto seeif you were right. 'To beone oftheactors insomething thatspecial wasunbelievable. ..' 'I havebeenverylucky...' 'It wasthe mostdramatic thre
minutesof mycareer...'
'I want peopleto know the truth ...'

WHY COLLINA HAD TO BLOW


THE WHISTLE ON HIMSELF,
Conspiracy theoristsfinallyforce thebald factsaboutLaziofromthe mostfamousofficialin football
Pierluigi CoUina wantsto get something off hischest.Since the Italianreferee blewthe finalwhistleon hiscareer two years ago,rumours havecirculated in his homeland that he isa Lazio supporter. Nothingwrongwith that, especially in a countrythat is obsessed with football,but CoUina wasthe most famousand well-respected referee inthe worldandthe conspiracy theorists arehavinga field day. "Thisissomething that hasto beclarified andI am veryhappyto answer the question,"CoUina said."If youaskanyone who theysupported whentht!ywere young- if they are honest,they will saya particularteam.When I was 10, I didn't know my future. When I'm askedwho I usedto support,what am I 1C supposed to say?ThatI didn't supportanyone? What would people's reaction be?ThatI am crazy? ThatI comefrom Mars?I onlysaidthat I supportedLazio when I wasa boy.Remember, when I wasa boy.Butjournalists forgetthis and sayI ama Lazio supporter. " Beinga refereemeansbeingabovesuspicion - especially if you are Italian. Integrityandimpartiality aretwo of the qualities that transformed Collinafroma 17-year-old who thoughtthat it would be fun to go on a refereeing course into the manwho officiatedat so manyimportantmatches that he findsit hardto pickhisfavourite.

--- ---

---

-(A, B, (or D

d. Read thearticle. For questions 1-7, choose the answer


which you think fits best according to the text. CollinasupportedLaziofootball club A throughouthisentirecareer.
'B w\"len \"Iewas a young 'Doy.

C until hechanged teams. D whenhewasyoungandcrazy. 2 Collini!believes beinga refereemeansyou mustbe A betterthan everyone else. B a citizenof Italy. C trustworthyandfair. D suspicious of everyone.

3 What is(oUinadoingnow? A Hehasanactive roleintheItalian refereeing association. B Hesellscarsfor a European carcompany. ( Heisa sponsor for an oil company. D Hehas anactive rolein UEFA Referees' Committee.

:1

1 the

'eferee
j in his

I
.

Ilyina
JSand

afield
fer the y were s 10, I t am I
!action I Lazio lis and Italian.
0:

. .
I

froma ;e into lardto

Talking aboutthe gamehe loves isstilla big partof Collina's 50 life and he is recognisedwhereverhe goes, especially in oneof the actorsin something that special was_unbelievable. Manchester, whereUnitedsupporters remember h isrolein the Therewas the ChampionsLeaguefinal in 1999 between 1999 Champions League finalagainstBayern in the NouCamp gayernMunichandManchester United.England v Scotland at in Barcelona, whereSirAlexFerguson's teamscoredtwice in Nembley in the same year.Germany 1 England 5 in Munich-I havebeenvery luckybecause I refereedso many important the dying minutesto overturna 1-0 deficit and lift the 55 European Cupfor the second time. games. " "It wasunbelievable," Collinasaid."It wasthe most Cdl1ina's goodfortunedid not endwhen he blewthe final dramaticthree minutesof my career - I still watchthe whistleon his refereeing career. Thanks to hisstandingin the DVD.Theatmosphere w asfantastic.If you lookedat gameandhisstriking,baldimage- the offerscamerollingin. the stands,it was just one blackwave of 90,000 : He has a lucrativesponsorshipdeal with Opel, the car peoplemovingon threefloors.Thegameitselfwas manufacturer, and is a brandambassador for Castrol,the oil important,but nothingspecial. company, which is one of the sponsors of Euro2008, and he alsofindstime in hisschedule to serve on the UEFA Referees' "Bayerndeservedto win - the Manchester Unitedgoalkeeper, PeterSchmeichel. wasthe man Committee andto appointandtrain referees in Italy. of the match.-No onethoughtthat Unitedcould 5 "When I startedrefereeing, gameswerecovered by sixlV scorea secondgoal. I remember the United cameras; nowthereare20 at everymatch,"hesaid."It isvery benchtellingtheir players that the gamewas difficultto sayif the standard of refereeing hasimproved when overbecause theywerehappyto go to extra jOu havechangedthe systemof assessment Referees are time." definitelybettertrainedand better prepared and I believe the And then he is on his feet, right hand standard of refereeing isverygood." outstretched and readyto shootoff to his next AskCollina aboutanything to do with football- except the makesureyouwritewhat Italianmatch-fixing scandal exposed lastyear- andhe ishappy engagement"Please I saidaboutLazio,"he said."I want peopleto to shootthe breeze. Diving?Players needto get togetherand knowthe truth. Thisissomething that I would stampit out Videotechnology? Briflgit in immediately to help liketo sortout" -5 referees to decidewhetherthe ballhascrossed the goal-line. ::Oreign referees in the Barclays Premier League? "I don't see anythingwrong with it, if it's on a reciprocal basis,"he said. .At UEFA we havealready startedtalksaboutthe exchanges of referees between the top European leagues." "Therewasthe WorldCupfinal in 2002," he said."Tobe

~
I

\"
I

I I

-;

--

-- -

---::-::- ~-

Vocabulary Practice

, B,Cor:::

4 WhenCoUina startedrefereeing A hewas20 years old. B therewasmuchless coverage on lV. ( the qualityof refereeing wasnot good. D the system wasbeingchanged. 5 (oUinadoesn't havea problemwith the ideaof A footballplayers becoming divers. B referees watchingvideos fromotherleague games. ( referees from other leaguesworking eachother's games. D Italian football fansfixing games sothattheirteamwins. 6 Accordingto the article,(oUina is thought of fondly in manyplaces,but mostespecially in A Bayern. ( Barcelona. B Europe. D Manchester.

Match the highlighted words/phrases in the article

with their synonyms: refereed, plot/scheme, important,


doubt/mistrust, corrected, additional time.

Text Analysis

What does the writer mean by the following?


1 2 3
...

rumours havecirculated...(I.2)

Integrityandimpartiality...(I. Hi) ... on a reciprocal basis ... (II.47-48)

-'

Discussion
a. How important is the concept of 'fair play' in sport? Discussin groups. b.

7 What does (oUina want peopleto know about him


from readingthis article? A Thathewasa fair andjust referee, who took hisjob seriously. B Thathewasandalways will bea fanof Lazio football club. ( Thatheknowshewasthe bestfootballreferee of all time. D That Bayern shouldhavewon the football gamein Manchester.

be used to describe CoUina's personality as portrayed in the article? Justify your answers by referring to the article. Discuss in pairs.

Whichof the followingadjectivescan

. affable

conscientious

hard-working

strict

principled

unapproachable

respectable

155

Inversion

~ GrammarReference

3 What a mess you'vemade!You morecareful. 4

bee

Rewrite the following sentences beginning whh the


words given. There is an example. They waited for the captain'ssignal and then they jumpedintothe water. Not~mtil thecaptain hadgiven thesignal didthey jumpinto thewater. 2 Assoonashismotherleft, he startedplayingcomputer games. Nosooner ...... ..................... 3 It was such a beautiful day that I decidedto go sunbathing on the beach. Such.............................................................................

I don't know why shedidn't askme how to do it easily helpedher. S She thoughtyouweretoo busy-I car think of anyotherreason. 6 Martin really borrowedmytennisrade without askingfirst. I don't know why Fiona'sso late; do you think sr-= got lostcominghere? 8 She managed to findthe timeto comeyouknowhowbusysheis. 7

--

He as
-~
-

OnceJason hadagreed, theywent ahead with the plan. On~ ............................................................................. S Ihadnoidea thatshewasplanning asurprise partyfor me. Little ............................................................................ Samantha neitherjoinedthe danceclubnorwentto the gym. Samantha didn'tjoin the dance club,nor .....................

IUI
Lookat-the notice about new regulations at a swimming pool. Explainthem informallyto a frienc. using all of these verbs at least once.

can must haveto mustn't needn't


don't have to had to didn't have to

7 Thesupermarket wasso busythat we postponed doing the shopping. ~................................................................................

BeasdaleCollegeSwimming Pool - NoticeNewRegulations



Previous requirement of annual membership hasnowbeen waived asof 12/09fullmembership is nolonger required foruseofthepool. Special discount monthly membership package forweekday moming swimming. Student 10cardnotrequired.
Weekendswimming: poolopento the public 9am to 6pm Satand

Finishthe following sentences using your own

words.

Sun. 1 Onlybytalkingto myfriends........................................ 2 Not until I ..................................................................... 3 Littledid I knowthat .................................................... 4 At notime in mylife .................................................... S Hardly ever................................................................... 6 Underno circumstances ............................................... 7 Not unless I am reallyill ................................................ 8 Onlyif the forecastisgood...........................................
Swimming caps(previously optional) nowcompulsory inthe interests of hygiene -limited supply onsaleatreception. Always shower before entering thepool. Nosuntanlotion/oil to bewominthepool.
~.

Inthepastyouhadto takeoutannualmembership, butnow_

ModalVerbs

Grammar Reference

If swimmingis a
good way to lose weigh~ how comewhalesweigh two tons?

'-_.

--

Complete the sentences with the following modal verb forms and explain their meanings.

must have should have might have could have can't have shouldn'thave
might not have

.;

needn't have

That... beenJohnyousawat the matchhe'sout of the countryat the moment. 2 You brought sandwiches - there'sa perfectly goodcafeteria.

-'-

".

156

"
()C

_x of English- Part 2

~ _Dependent prepositions
6
Fill the gaps using in, to, against, for, on, into, and between. Then, make
sentences with six of the prepositional phrases to show their meaning.

Forquestions 1-15, think of the Nord which best fits each gap. Jse only one word in each gap.

~D ..s_u~h lthing
~~ ~ ,"s_af.e

1 to rely sth/sb;2 to object sth;3 to yearn sth; 4 to convertsth sth; 5 to distinguish sth and sth; 6 to have fear one'ssafety;7 to beopposed sth;8 to beprejudiced .............. sth; 10to rebel sth sth; 9 to havetrust

lunch ..
-~
-

(Use of Eng/~h- Part 5

7
~of
-"D

For questions 1-8, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar

meaningto the first sentence, usingthe word given.Do not changethe word given.Youmustusebetweenthree and sixwords.

ess

":S 0) and ~ ~ hospnal :os to treat .................. ~,ear-old daughter's eczema, Giorgio z:eili and his wife, Plaxy, set off' the hot, dry, healing """2re of the South of France. 'We -::wed a friend's house,' says Plaxy, the doctors said we ~ try to get Marghernainthe sun, since - 5.1::t1 was so bad.' Atthe airport,Giorgio 4) .......................... "'=~smoked salmon.

o Thatisthe mostridiculous ideaI'veeverheard.


have Never have I heard such a ridiculous idea.
I didn't knowwhat shemeant. getting What I didn't know 2 at.

I wavedgoodbye to themat the stationandthen I got a taxihome. seeing After at the station,I got a taxihome. Evenif Itry veryhard,Ithink I'll neverbeableto learnRussian. however I thinkthat , I'll neverbeableto learnRussian.

- sunbathed for awhile,5) ......................


:.
played.

: :Jock they fedMargherna a morsel of


4

::- went indoors for a sleepwhile ~rna and hernine-year-old brother,

Youappear to havehada badday. as Youlook a badday.

.,
-

-wentyminutes 6) ,' s Plaxy, 'my son cameup andsaid,

_""1fT1y,there's something wrong

Margherna." I went

-........
::z

t!ig'::.

:'eig-

--

~airs and8) she was ";' herhead9) size of a =:JaIland her lips swelledout, not ~ing properly.' 10) Plaxy and Giorgio were ':"eSsing forthefirsttime wasanaphylaxis, ::.zvere allergic reaction 11) ....................... ::~thatcankillwnhout animmediate jabof ";'''Cf1aline 12) kick-start the ~tory system. At the hospital, : a shot was quickly ...:;Mnistered,Margherna recovered ~ediate\y. 'When we14)....................... .argherna tested,'sayshermother, 'we m(\d she \Masalle(Qj.c to 896 dltte(eo.t things. Fish, nuts, tomatoes, peppers, chilli,
paprika, eggs- mostof thethingsa hea~hy

5 Wearing this bluedress will emphasise the colourof youreyes. bring Youshouldwearthisbluedress the colourof youreyes. 6 I'm doingtheseexercises because the doctortold meto. that I'm doingtheseexercises because 7 told meto do.

Copingwith all herboss's correspondence isnot easy for Susan. hard Susan all herboss's correspondence.

8 Anthonyapologised, but for methat'sthe endof our friendship. concerned Anthonyapologised, but that'sthe endof our friendship.

child15) noproblem eating, really. Thank goodness shelikespolenta, andpotatoes.'


157

Use of English

~
8

Words often confused


Say sentences that show the difference in meaning between the words in each set. Use a dictionary if you wish.
1 nervous/neurotic
2 3 shadow/shade tastefUl/tasty 5 6 7 8 wonder/wander agreeable/agreed opposed/opposite effect/affect 9 economideconomical sensitive/sensible alternate/alternative alone/lonely

..

10 11
12

4 destroy/spoil

(Use of Engli~h- Part 1

For questions 1-12, decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap.

0) ..A... being paid over 3 m a year by Ford, enough to live wherever he fancies, Colin McRae is still based in t~ unpretentious Scottish town where he was born. True, he has a(n) 1) in Monaco and a yacht in Majorca, but much c; the time when he isn't rallyinghe is in Lanark. In the pub, the regulars 2) give him a second glance, which is one of the real 3) of his job: since he spends his 4) professional life with his 5) concealed behind a helmet, he ca:: enjoy his wealth without the associated inconveniences of fame. Next month, McRae 6) in the RAC Rally of Great Britain - at the end of which he hopes to be 7) worle champion once again. When he first did it, he was 27. Rallying, he says 8) a vast accumulation of knowledge ane experience to 9) to the top. At 33, he feels he still has many more years left in him and many more things he would like to achieve. For a 10) , he'd like to see his sport 11) more popularity. This, he hopes, will come from a ne'"
television 12) 0 that begins next season

- a contract

with Channel 4. C Although C area C slightly C prizes C total C characters C contests C crowned C asks C succeed C start C add C deal D However D land D narrowly D honours D full D aspects D challenges D peaked D appeals D get D lead D collect D

A Despite 1 A location

B Considering B place B roughly B rewards B entire B elements B competes B topped B requests B arrive B first B take B pact

2 A hardly 3 A awards 4 A complete 5 A features

6 A attempts 7 A awarded 8 A requires 9 A reach

10 A beginning 11 A gain 12 A arrangement

( ........-

.....

....

1~

. - ~I the gaps with the correct form of


~ word given.

..

Word formation

. (Use of Eng/~h -

Part3

11

Forquestions 1-10, use the words in bold to form words that fit in the numbered spaces in the text.

register
Yqu must fill in a................................ form in order to enter the competition.

-I

Areyoua
of the Association of Dentists?

member

r I

Z cover Please senda


along with your ev.

letter

The latest chess championship got a

greatdealofTV
3 able

His

to perform

consistently under pressure meant

neo:L be.....'mi'
~

that he lost his place on the team.

Hewas severely after his accident. 4 deep Herblush

v........

dge -=_

to a dark red

ould... ma~.

when she realisedher embarrassing mistake. What isthe swimmingpool? 5 repair The hurricanecaused .......................... damage to houses and schools. of this

The
are going to cost 500.

to mycar

6 create
He ;s obsessed with the

ofwealth.
What this job needs is

thinking. 7 donate Phoebeisa blood


she gives blood twice a year. Mr Roberts made a generous to the charity.

Bobby Fischer is considered by many to be the greatest chess 0) player ofalltime.He started playing at the age of six and distinguished himself as the youngest US champion ever in 1958 at the age of fourteen. He beat his most famous 1) , the Russian Boris Spassky,in the 2) match of 1972, at the same time wrestlingfrom him the World Championship Title. This he continued to hold until 1975, when a 3) arose between him and FIDE, the international chess federation, resulting in Fischer's4) from a match with Anatoly Karpov. After this, Fischer5) from the public eye for twenty years and subsequently moved to Iceland. The 1972 game sparked 6) ........................ internati~nal interest in chess, despite Fischer's career-long 7) ................................. about match and tournament conditions. On one occasion, for example, the prize money had to be doubled before he would play,and he was also 8) difficult about the choice of locations. Fischer will be remembered not only for his 9) retentive memory, but for his 10) contributions to chess opening theory.

PlAY

OPPOSE LEGEND

AGREE
WITHDRAW

APPEAR

NEW
STUBBORN

NOTORIOUS

CREDIBLE NUMBER

J 159

:i :
-I . h
.

t
Writing: Formal and Informal Letters (2)
What areyou beingaskedto write? a a report b a proposal

'

Althoughin Part2 of the CAEWritingpaperyou~avea

a letter

of tasks,Part1 isa compulsory task.Youmaybe choice asked to writeoneof the following: anarticle, a report,a proposal or a letter.
Youwill begivena certainamountof inputmaterial. This input ~aterialwill be about 150wordslongaltogether andmayinclude an extractfroma newspaper, a letteror email, anadvertisement or announcement, agraph,table or chart,etc. It isextremely important thatyouconsider the instructions to thismaterial anduseit appropriately given with regards in your answer. Therewill alwaysbe several keypoints withinthe inputmaterial andyoumustinclude allof them in orderto fulfillthe tasksatisfactorily. You are free to add other information,commentsor

2 Why areyou writing? a to applyfor ajob b to recommend yourfriendfor ajob c to askfor informationabouta summer camp 3 What styleof writing shouldyou use? a semi-formal/neutral - you don't know the recipier of the letter. b chatty/informal - a summercampisa fun placefa children c veryformal- you mustshowa greatdealof respec for the recipient

What shouldthe tone of your writing be? a negative b positive c neitherof the abo~

of yourown, aslongasthesearenot irrelevant or ideas too extensive.

Youmayberequired to writeajobapplication letter, a letter applying fora place at college orinavoluntary organisation, etc.or a letterrecommending a friendor colleague for a certain position or placement.

5 Whatdo you hopeto achieve bywriting your letter? a Yourfriendwill bepleased with you. b You'renot interested. It doesn'tconcern you. c Yourfriendwill succeed in gettingthe job.

:)
1

Understanding the Rubric(1) a. Readthe rubricbelow,underlinethe keywords


andphrases anddiscuss thequestions that follow.
Youhavebeenasked to provide a reference for a friendof yours whohas applied forajobasanemployee atasummer campfor children. Read anextract fromyourfriend's letter andthe advertisement for the job. Write a letterto the summer camp organisers, recommending yourfriend forthe position andgiving reasons whytheyshould beconsidered. Writeyourletter in 180-220 words.

b. Read the job advertisement againcarefully. Certainqualitiesand skillswhichthe successful candidateshouldhavearespecifiedwithin the ad. Usingyour friend'sletter,completethe notesbelowwhich show that your friend fulfils the job requirements.

. enthusiastic - wouldlovetogo . responsible - . ........


. goodrapport with children.....

artsandcrafts - ........................... sports .....


--- -

. .
:

c. Thereisone requirementof the job for which your friend hasnot givenanyjustification.Add an ideaor commentof your own.

hard-working - ...........................

Greenways Summer Camp,

Wisconsin,

USA

We are looking for enthusiastic young people to work at our sununer camp for children as Activity Co-ordinators. You should be hard-working, responsible and above all, you should have a good rapport with children. Knowledge of arts and crafts or sports or outdoor skills would be an advantage.

I'd love togo,sodoyourbest to write apositivereference. Don't forget that I'mcaptain ofthe school basktball teamand
I haveorganised all the team's fixturesandtrainingsessions. AlsoI lovephotography anddrawing. And I think thathaving threeyoungerbrothersand sisterscountsfor something, doesn't it? Thanksagain! Alex , ....

160

Language Functions

InPart1of theWritingpaper youwill berequired to usea numberof different languagefunctions- recommending, givingadvice,complaining, etc. For instance, you might be asked t<Ywrite a letterto a friendgivinghimor herpersonal or career advice. There will nearly always beafocus on persuasion. Forexample, youmayhave to persuade thetargetreader to act on your recommendation for something, or to acceptyour pointof viewona subject.

5 ........................... It isfor this reason that I believe... Thatis why rthink ... AndsoI feeljustifiedin ...

References andLetters of Application


] Useful language

I amwritingin response to youradvertisement in (newspaper)


on (date)... I amwritingto applyfor the positionof (post)with your company/organisation. Iamwritingto provide a character reference for...

. . .
.

a. Whichof the languagefunctionsbelowwill you needin orderto successfully completethe writing task in EX.1 opposite? comparing describing evaluating expressing anopinion givingadvice hypothesizing judgingpriorities justifying persuading recommending

I believe" that I havethe necessary qualifications required for...

D 0

D
D D D
[j

Forthesereasons, I strongly believe that ... Johnisparticularly talentedin the areaof ... Iwouldverymuchappreciate the opportunity to ... I amavailable for work/foran interview... I lookforwardto hearing fromyouat the earliest opportunity. I hopeyouwill consider myapplication favourably.

lIy. cessfw, lin the 'Ie j fulFIS

. .
.

. . .

~
3

Analysing the Model


a. Read the modelbelow and answerthe
questions which follow.

D D

b. Lookat the list of phrases below.Matchthem with the correctlanguage functionsfrom Ex.2a above.
...........................

DearTo WhomIt May Concern, I'm writing because my friend Alex wants a job with you. He sent me an advertisementand he sent me a letter and now I am writing to you. Alex is my best friend and he's really great. He's captainof the schoolbasketballteam and he loves all kindsof sports. I bet that will be really useful. He speaks Spanishbrilliantly and he's also great fun so I'm sure you'lllike him. That's it, I think.Cheers!

It ismybeliefthat... I certainly feelthat ... vhich n.Add


2

I strongly believe that '"


Asfar asI amconcerned ... I amconvinced that...
........................... I wouldn't hesitate to recommend Mr ... I believeMr ... would be perfect for ... I haveno hesitation in supporting Mr ... I ammorethanhappy to vouch for Mr ... 's character.

Hasthe writer included allth~ relevant information? If not, what elseshouldhehaveincluded? 2 3 4 5 6 Is the letter of reference the right length?If not, how longshouldit be? Has the writer used a range of vocabularyand grammatical structures? Has thewriteroffered ajustification forwhyGreenways Summer Camp should employ hisfriend? Has thewriterused the rightstyle/tone for addressing hisreader?

3 ........................... I stronglyurgeyouto ... I feelit wouldbein yourbestinterests to ... Whydon't you ... 4 ........................... Sheisespecially talentedin ... Hehasshownhimself to be... Sheiscommittedto ... Hehaswideexperience in the fieldof ... Asa student/manager/member, etc. ...

Has thewriterincluded anyadditional ideas of hisown andaretheyrelevant? 7 Hasthe writer usedan appropriate salutationand endingfor hisletter?

161

b. Choosephrases from eachgroupof itemsbelow in orderto constructa better planfor the Letter of recommendation. Puta tick (I') next to your choices. Sometimes you canchoosemorethan one option from eachgroupof items. Openingparagraph
'\!\

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am writing to 1) for Mr Alex Watson who has applied to you for a job as an Activities Co-ordinator at your summer camp. I have known Alex for ten years and 2) to you on both a personaland professionalbasis.
Alex is very excited 3) travelling to the USA this summer and is extremely enthusiastic about working for your company, which he feels will offer him a challenge and a new experience. Alex is currently captain of the school basketball team, 4) which requires diplomacy, hard work and good organisational skills. He is responsible for organising the team's fixtures, the details of their training sessions as well as their social events. He has a special interest in photography and is a keen amateur painter. I believe that this 5) would be perfect for an Activities Co-ordinator for children at Greenways Summer Camp. Having three younger brothers and sisters of his own, Alex 6) dealing with young children and, I believe, always manages to keep just the r\0nt 'va\ance 'vetween ~un anD.0ame> , anD.v\Qj\\ance for their personal safety. For all these reasons, I strongly believe that Ale 7) as a member of your team. He is ~ warm-nearted and open person witl1 a strol'\(j sel'\So: of responsibility, and I 8) supporti~"his application wholeheartedly. Yours faithfully, Joht1. Brenton

Reason f6rwriting. Whatyourrelationship isto the person youare writingabout. Yourreasons for recommending yourfriend. Yourfriend'shobbies andinterests. First main paragraph Howyourfriendfulfillsthe requirements of the advertisement. Yourfriend'sfaultsandreasons why hemaynot be suitable. Whyyourfriendwantsthe job. Howyourfriend's skills/personal qualities makehim suitablefor the post. 5~<:.ot\d ma\t\ \)a(ag(a\)h Further waysin whichyourfriendfulfillsthe job requirements. Suitability for the positionin relationto his skills/qualities. Extensive additional informationof yourown. Conclusion Repetition of the waysin whichyourfriendfulfills
1tt>1T\ 1>Ye"~\~'U'S ~dYO'i)YO~". 'tnerequneffi!:!t\'t!. Concluding paragraph of recommendation.

D D D D D D D D

-,

D D

o o
D

c. Now completethe improvedmodelopposite with the phrases below.

-.

. . . . . . .
.

a positionof greatresponsibility

about theprospect of
canwarmlyrecommend him combination of physical activities with creative

endeavour
hasa greatdealto contribute haspersonal experience of haveno hesitationin
provide a characterreference

162

SC"

InPart1of the CAEWritingpaperyouwill begivena


largeamountof input material(an advertisement, a graph,an extractfrom a letter,etc.) andyou must writebetween180and220words.In Part2 therewill bea limitedamountof inputmaterial (sometimes you may be givena rubriconly)and you mustwrite a long~rpiece of between 220and260words.

1 Whoisthe targetreader? 2 Should the register of thisletterbe formalor informal? 3 Whatwillbediscussed attheTwinning Association Meeting? 4 Whatisyourreason for writingthe letter? 5 Doyouneedto introduce ideas of yourown?

=-5

C' ::'

'
.JJ_

b. Read themodel. The writerhas failed to use the


right register andoften uses inappropriately formalexpressions. Replace the phrases in bold with moresuitable, informalphrases fromthe box.

Youmaybeasked to write aninformalletterin either Part1 or Part2. Thiswill require a differenttonefrom a formal letter of application,enquiry etc. Your readingof the rubricand/orinput materialwill alert you to who your target readeris and you should adjustyourstyleof writingaccordingly.

.
. .

Also . done . Don't forget . got your email


Hope t was of some help.

. have come up with a few ideas

Of course I can help out

I think

what about getting

*' ..,
.!

Understanding the Rubric(2)


Dear Caro~

a. Read therubricandthereading inputbelow. Underline thekeypointsandanswer the questions whichfollow.


Your friend is involved with yo~r town's Twinning Association. Read her e-mail and the announcement

I received your recent communication.

It sounds as

if you reallyareincredibly busy.I hope thingscalm


down for you soon! I would be more than willing to assist you with some ideas for the meeting. In fac~ I might come along to the meeting myself. It is my considered opinion that either a French or a German town would be suitable as a twin. One thing to bear in mind is that they teach German, and not French, at the Secondary Schoo~ so that might be a reason to give preference to a German town. It might be a good idea to wait until the committee has been elected and then to make the final decision. I herewith present my suggestions for activities and events. How about a food festival? People from the twin town could come here and cook their local specialities and then we could go over there and do the same. Furthermore, I think a school exchange visit would be brilliant. The children could stay with localfamilies and then they'll reallyget a taste of the local culture and learn more of the language.

.
oS

. .

below, and write a letter to your friend giving her some


suggestions and ideas for the meeting.

Little Hampton Twinning Association


"Ulyonewho wishes to become a member of the Little Hampton Twinning Association should come to our .:mugural meeting on Thursday 10th May at the Village Hall. ,\g~uQa:

. .

possibility of twinning with a German/French

town

ideas for events and activities drafting of the Twinning Association Brochure

As for the TwinningAssociation brochure - I


strongly recommend that you have it printed and published professionally. There are some fantastic graphic designersaround these days, and it will look so much betterthan afew photocopies. I trust that I have been of some assistance. See you at the meeting, All thebes~ fan

need your help! I'm due to go to the Twinning


:..ssociationmeeting on Thursday when Jeff is planning to -aninate me for Chairperson of the Association. The JOUbleis that I simply don't have a moment to spare :Sore Thursday. Can you put together some ideas for me :0 present at the meeting? I don't want to look completely

as the prospective chairperson! Thanks a million.

- - -- -

- -- --

:::arol.

j
163

Discuss
5
Readthe rubrics and underline the key information. Then complete the notes for each task. A .~ou have recentlyread an article in your local newspaper whichblames the increasing crimerateon youngpeoplein the area.Read an extractfromthe article, andstudy the graphprovided andthenwritea : letter to the editor of the paper,expressing your disagreement with the editor's opinions. Writeyourletter in 180-220 words.

Yourfriendhassuccessfully gaineda placeat a to:college to studybiochemistry but shecan't afford-: c: paythe tuition fees.Shehasseena noticein t",= college newsletter for a scholarship available to 00 students at the college. Yourfriendhasasked you'writea reference for her.Read thenotice andtheno~

.
:

. :

youhavemadeandwritea letterrecommending tt'a yourfriendbeawarded thescholarship. Writeyourletter in 180-220 words.

So much for young people respecting the older generation!They rob, they attack and they regularly abuse the innocentcitizensof this town. You'veonly got to take a walk down the.High street at lunchtime to seetheseyoung layaboutscausinga nuisanceand generally disrupting the peaceand order of our local community. Respectfor their elders has disappeared and parental discipline is nonexistent. It's no wonder that crime hasgone up by 20% in the lastfour years.Get theseyoungstersoff the streetsand makeour home town a saferplace!

80 70 60

J
faMi'~hOMe. i~ 50 Mi/~ fr'oMthe. voll~

50

E
E

..

40

is 30
20 10 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

pa~~ed the. u"iv'~i-ht e.wm1lUe.xaM with 'It' ~d~ l3io'05-~ alldf'h~i~


Vear

..

i" C-he.Mi~fy~1

Target reader
I

I:

.
2

o Crimes committed by age 16-21


Crimes committed by age 30-40 2

...................................................................................

Purpose

of writing

...................................................................................

Target reader
...................................................................................

Keypoints from input material


................................................................................... ...................................................................................
...................................................................................

Purposeof writing
...................................................................................

Key pointsfrom input material


................................................................................... ................................................................................... ...................................................................................

Other pointsyouwishto add


...................................................................................

I
I

Other pointsyouwishto add


...................................................................................

Portfolio: Usingthe informationyou havelearnedin

thisunit,writeoneof thetasks onwhichyoumade notesabove.

164