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ApplicationNotes

APG2000/3000 ENGINATOR LUBE OIL COOLING


The APG2000/3000 Enginators are designed such that they can be used for pure power generation as well as for heat recovery Combined Heat & Power (CHP) generation applications. For best mechanical efciency 45C cooling water should be used for the LT (lube oil (LO) and charge air cooler (CAC)) circuit. For hot climate or CHP applications that have sufcient heat demand at 55C there is an option for 55C LT temperature. The engine lubrication system is of the wet sump type and is equipped with an oil pump, pre-lube pump, lube oil module with glass ber oil lter cartridges and a centrifugal bypass oil lter for the removal of ne particles. The basic engine specication does not include lube oil thermostats or a lube oil cooler. For non-CHP applications and CHP-applications with low return water temperature (45C or 55C, 113F or 131F) the customer has the option to equip the engine with an integral mounted Waukesha lube oil cooler with thermostats which is tted in the lube oil module as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2. For other CHP applications a customer supplied oil cooler and temperature control is required.

INFORMATION FROM THE APPLICATION ENGINEERS AT WAUKESHA ENGINE/WAUKESHA POWER SYSTEMS No. WED10/06

MULTI HOUSING FOR EASY MAINTENANCE

FILTER CARTRIDGES MOUNTING OF LUBE OIL THERMOSTATS WITH OIL COOLER OPTION CENTRIFUGAL SEPARATOR

Figure 2 APPLICATIONS Power Generation and Cogeneration with Auxiliary Cooling Water temperature at 45C or 55C For applications with a maximum LT water inlet temperature of 45C or 55C, the Waukesha lube oil cooler should be chosen as this provides a compact, simple and clean oil system. The Waukesha lube oil cooler ts in the lube oil module. It has a capacity that is limited to a maximum coolant temperature of 45C or 55C. The total engine cooling system for these applications consists of two (2) cooling circuits: the HT circuit (jacket water and CAC HT for rst stage in series) which includes the thermostats; and the LT circuit (lube oil and CAC LT for second stage in parallel) which includes LT water circuit thermostats. With the option for the Waukesha integral mounted lube oil cooler the lube oil module contains the lube oil thermostats and LT water circuit thermostat. The oil cooling circuit is integrated in the engine and requires no connections from the customer. The customer can connect his cooling water supply to the engine as shown in Figure 3 and must supply the correct quantity and quality of LT and HT water.

LUBE OIL MODULE OPTION FOR MOUNTING INTEGRAL OIL COOLER

INTEGRATED INLET & OUTLET WATER PIPING WITH OIL COOLER OPTION

Figure 1

ApplicationNotes
The connections for the lube oil are shown in Figure 4. The customer must supply the temperature control for the lube oil and lube oil cooler (see Figure 5). The required temperatures and the heat data can be obtained by contacting the Waukesha Application Engineering department.

CUSTOMER CONNECTIONS ON ENGINE WATER BOX A - LT WATER INLET B - LT WATER OUTLET C - HT WATER INLET D - HT WATER OUTLET

H.T.
TWIN WATER PUMP (HT AND LT; MECHANICAL DRIVEN) A B C (ELEC) WATER CIRCULATING PUMP (PREHEATING) D LUBE OIL PUMP PREHEATERS X 3

LO. LUBE OIL COOLER

LUBE OIL THERMOSTAT C.A.C.

Figure 3
ENGINE MOUNTED

CUSTOMER SUPPLIED

Figure 5
CUSTOMER OIL CONNECTIONS ON ENGINE A - LUBE OIL TO THE EXTERNAL COOLER B - LUBE OIL FROM THE EXTERNAL COOLER

TWIN WATER PUMP (HT AND LT; MECHANICAL DRIVEN)

DESIGN OF THE CUSTOMER SUPPLIED OIL COOLER The customer supplied lube oil cooler must be designed to cool the lube oil return temperature to the engine to 75C (167F). Consult Waukeshas Application Engineering Department for lube oil ow and heat data and for applications requiring higher lube oil temperatures. CLEANLINESS Cleanliness is a very important item for an engine and in particular for the oil system. Debris left in the oil system can destroy the engine. Special care has to be taken that the customer supplied Oil Cooler and its connecting components are clean and free of welding scale and other debris. Black iron or steel pipes should be used to carry the oil. Galvanized or zinc pipes should not be used. The sulphur content of the oil will react with the galvanization and zinc metals forming sludge. After welding the pipes must be pickled to remove all welding scale. The pipes then must be rinsed thoroughly to remove the acid and dried before connecting to the engine. Pipes that are not used immediately must be preserved. Reference Waukeshas Form 1091 Installation of Waukesha Engines and Enginators Chapter 5 Lubrication System for more information on cleanliness of piping.

(ELEC) WATER CIRCULATING PUMP (PREHEATING)

LUBE OIL PUMP

A B

PREHEATERS X 3

Figure 4 Cogeneration Applications with Process Water Temperatures above 55C and Customer Supplied Lube Oil Cooler For applications where the customer has a need for lube oil cooler heat at temperatures with process water return temperatures above 55C (131F) the customer must supply a lube oil cooler with sufcient capacity to cool the lube oil. The customer supplied lube oil cooler must be off engine mounted. The engine cooling system for these applications exists of three (3) circuits, HT (jacket water and CAC HT for rst stage in series), lube oil and LT (CAC LT for second stage only). The HT and CAC water circuit are equipped with thermostats and connected as in the prior section.

WAUKESHA ENGINE DRESSER, INC. 1101 West St. Paul Ave. Waukesha, WI 53188 262.547.3311 www.waukeshaengine.dresser.com