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10/29/13, 1:09 PM
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A diocese is the district or see under the supervision of a Bishop. It is divided into Parishes (in the Church of England into beneﬁces and parishes). An archdiocese is more signiﬁcant than a diocese. An archdiocese is presided over by an archbishop whose see may have or have had importance due to size or historical signiﬁcance. The archbishop may have metropolitan authority over any other (then 'suffragan') bishops and their dioceses within his Ecclesiastical Province. This structure of church governance is known as episcopal polity. A diocese also may be referred to as a bishopric or episcopal see, though strictly the term episcopal see refers to the domain of ecclesiastical authority ofﬁcially held by the bishop, and the term bishopric to the post of being bishop. The bishops, Greek: Episkopos, elders or overseers, of the longestablished churches claim Apostolic succession, a direct historical lineage dating back to the original Twelve Apostles. The word diocese is from the Greek term διοίκησις, meaning "administration".
Sankt Laurentii kyrka Diocese of Linköping, Söderköpings kommun, Sweden
1 Catholic Church 1.1 Eastern Catholic churches 2 Eastern Orthodox Church 3 Church of England and Anglican Communion 4 Lutheranism 4.1 Poland, Germany, Denmark, Norway, Iceland, Sweden, Finland 4.2 Lutheranism in USA 5 Church of God in Christ 6 Churches that have bishops, but not dioceses 6.1 Methodism 7 Churches that have neither bishops nor dioceses 7.1 Baptists 8 History 9 See also 10 Notes 11 Sources and external links 12 External links
Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as ﬁfth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. In Roman Catholicism, the pope is the bishop of the Diocese of Rome. He creates the other dioceses throughout the world and chooses their bishops.
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which is similar in size to a parish or congregation. it is divided into a middle judicatory. The Lutheran Church-International. Its current president is Archbishop Robert W. the Church of England retained the existing diocesan structure which remains throughout the Anglican Communion. in the Roman Catholic Church there are 640 archdioceses (including 9 patriarchates. the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. presently uses a traditional diocesan structure. 4 major archdioceses.Diocese . 1:09 PM Catholic Church As of August 2013. states that have as many as seven dioceses. Denmark. In the COGIC. state is divided up into at least three dioceses that are all led by a bishop. the dioceses are called "Jurisdictions.S. Germany. Sweden. but not dioceses The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has bishops. Methodism See also: Methodist Circuit and Episcopal Area http://en. Iceland. Illinois. These dioceses and archdioceses are under the government of a bishop (see Archbishop of Uppsala)." Churches that have bishops.org/wiki/Diocese Page 2 of 5 . Armagh Cathedral of the Diocese of Armagh and Metropolitan Cathedral of the United Provinces of Armagh and Tuam. Lutheranism in USA Some American Lutheran synods such as the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America do have a bishop acting as the head of the synod. Norway. based in Springﬁeld. but the synod does not have dioceses and archdioceses as the churches listed above. Rather. the equivalent unit is called an eparchy. 77 single archdioceses) and 2. Church of God in Christ The Church of God in Christ has many dioceses all across the United States. each U. Other Lutheran bodies and synods that have dioceses and bishops include the Church of Denmark. but there are many U. Church of Ireland Anglican Communion Certain Lutheran denominations such as the Church of Sweden do have individual dioceses similar to Roman Catholics. Eastern Orthodox Church The Eastern Orthodox Church calls dioceses metropoleis in the Greek tradition or eparchies in the Slavic tradition. Finland St Patrick's Cathedral. the Evangelical Church in Germany (partially). In the COGIC.205 dioceses in the world. and the Church of Norway. but not dioceses. Hotes.Wikipedia. Lutheranism Poland.wikipedia. LDS bishops are leaders of a ward. 550 metropolitan archdioceses. the free encyclopedia 10/29/13. with four dioceses in North America. Eastern Catholic churches In the Eastern Catholic Churches (which recognize papal authority and are a part of the larger Catholic Church). but which may have smaller branches. Church of England and Anglican Communion After the Reformation.S.
Exceptions to this local form of local governance include a few churches that submit to the leadership of a body of elders.biblegateway. For Gaul. the free encyclopedia 10/29/13. the bishops in Western Europe assumed a large part of the role of the former Roman governors. never by any sort of coercion.wikipedia. combined with the local membership of the Church. have preserved the boundaries of a long-vanished Roman administrative division. and their constituent pagi. Titus 1–2 (http://www. from the Greek term διοίκησις. Each Circuit is governed by a superintendent minister. History See also: Bishops and civil government In the later organization of the Roman Empire. where the Roman administrative apparatus was of the Roman Empire largely retained by the Byzantine Empire.Wikipedia.biblegateway. All of these. Circuits are grouped together to form Districts. whose areas of responsibility often coincided. but this usage had itself been evolving from the much earlier parochia ("parish"). 1:09 PM In the British Methodist Church and Irish Methodist Church. Churches can properly relate to each other under this polity only through voluntary cooperation. development Dioceses occurred in the East. though later subdivided. http://en. churches are grouped together in sections. In modern times. This 18th-century term. Bruce Eagles has observed that "it has long been an academic commonplace in France that the medieval dioceses.com/bible? passage=Titus%201%E2%80%932.org/wiki/Diocese Page 3 of 5 . as well as the Episcopal Baptists that have an Episcopal system. are referred to as the 'Connexion'.com/bible? passage=1Tim%203%3A1%E2%80%9313. Sections are grouped together to form Circuits. meaning "administration"). the increasingly subdivided provinces were administratively associated in a larger unit.)). Each episcopal area contains one or more annual conferences. many 400 AD diocese. also using the Episcopal Area. Furthermore.). describes how people serving in different geographical centres are 'connected' to each other. With the collapse of the Western Empire in the 5th century.&version=NIV. though less pronounced. whereas each annual conference is part of one episcopal area (though that area may contain more than one conference). A similar. Modern usage of 'diocese' tends to refer to the sphere of a bishop's jurisdiction. a bishop is given oversight over a geographical area called an Episcopal Area. dating from the increasingly formalised Christian authority structure in the 4th century (see EB 1911). A formal church hierarchy was set up.&version=. This became commonplace during the selfconscious "classicizing" structural evolution of the Carolingian empire in the 9th century. this Baptist polity calls for freedom from governmental control. With the adoption of Christianity as the Empire's ofﬁcial religion in the 4th century. the diocese (Latin dioecesis. The geographical regions covered by circuits and dioceses rarely overlap. the use of the term "diocese" referring to geography is the most equivalent in the United Methodist Church. Thus. Each District is headed by a 'Chair' who oversees its functioning. which is how the churches and clergy under the bishop's supervision are organized. Most Baptists believe in "Two ofﬁces of the church"—pastorelder and deacon—based on certain scriptures (1 Timothy 3:1–13 (http://www. In the United Methodist Church (the United States and some other countries). the clergy assumed ofﬁcial positions of authority alongside the civil governors. endorsed by John Wesley who remained within the Church of England.Diocese . The Methodist Church has an annual president. were the direct territorial successors of the Roman civitates. The African Methodist Episcopal Church has a similar structure to the United Methodist Church. Churches that have neither bishops nor dioceses Baptists Most Baptists hold that no church or ecclesiastical organization has inherent authority over a Baptist church. parallel to the civil administration.
htm) Complete list of Catholic dioceses worldwide (http://www. Wightman. online text in Latin.archive. 5. Gallia Belgica (London) 1985:26. Jr.html) "Diocese" (http://www. "Britons and Saxons on the Eastern Boundary of the Civitas Durotrigum" Britannia 35 (2004:234–240) p 234.org/cathen/05001a. and the Assyrian Church of the East List of Bishops Notitia dignitatum Particular Church Ecclesiastical Latin Catholic Church in Great Britain Structure of the Church of England Global organisation of the Roman Catholic Church Notes 1.org/web/20060405232322/http://5. ^  (http://www.1911encyclopedia. Retrieved 2010-16-04. Retrieved 2010-16-04.msu. Trends in Baptist Polity (http://www.org.baptisthistory.org/D/DI/DIOCESE..com) Virtually complete list of current and historical Catholic dioceses worldwide (http://www. ^ Bruce Eagles. scholia 94.in) Coats of Bishops and of Dioceses http://en.org/) 6.com/dioceses/) by Giga-Catholic Information (http://www. noting for instance E. Catholic Encyclopedia.diocese. Indian Orthodox Church Diocese Portal (http://www. ^ Pinson. ^ LERNing newsletter from July 2005 (http://www2. 3. in English and Norwegian (http://www.org/ecumenical/lern/lerning_vol2_no4. 2.org/contissues/pinson.katolsk. 7. 4.elca. Eastern Orthodoxy.gcatholic. 1913. William M.htm).htm).wikipedia.org.Wikipedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.su/gorm/chrons/bremen.htm) List of current Anglican/Episcopalian dioceses (http://anglican.org/Who-We-Are/Our-Three-Expressions/Churchwide-Organization/Ofﬁce-ofthe-presiding-bishop. ^ see List of Lutheran dioceses and archdioceses.Diocese .org/wiki/Diocese Page 4 of 5 .org/) Another such list. Sources and external links Deﬁnition from 1911 Britannica (http://web.no/utenriks/index_en. the free encyclopedia 10/29/13.org/domain/admin/bydiocese. Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontiﬁcum (http://hbar.gcatholic. 1:09 PM See also List of Eastern Orthodox dioceses and archdioceses List of Anglican dioceses List of Anglican Church of Canada dioceses List of Church of England dioceses List of Church of Ireland dioceses Dioceses of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America List of Lutheran dioceses and archdioceses List of the dioceses of the Orthodox Church in America List of Roman Catholic archdioceses List of Roman Catholic dioceses List of the Roman Catholic dioceses of the United States Eparchy. ^ Ofﬁce of the Presiding Bishop (http://www.M. Oriental Orthodoxy.pdf) at ELCA.lutheranchurchinternational. Baptist History and Heritage Society.newadvent.aspx) on ELCA.catholic-hierarchy. ^ Adam of Bremen.phys.htm).elca. a term in Eastern Catholicism.
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