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SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings

Reduced friction for reduced energy use

SKF E2 deep groove ball bearings reduce frictional losses in a bearing by 30% or more when compared to a comparably sized standard SKF bearing. the reduction can be even more dramatic. New cage design reduces friction The distinctive mark for SKF Energy Efficient products 2 . Longer service life lowers cost of ownership A shield on both sides protects the friction-reducing features Optimized internal geometry reduces friction Unique lubricant reduces friction Optimized to reduce frictional losses in the bearing and provide longer service life. these E2 bearings can conceivably outlast other components in the application. This means that when compared to other manufacturers’ bearings. This means that the number of bearings needed to run an application over its lifetime can be halved. While SKF bearings have continually evolved toward ever greater efficiency and reliability. SKF E2 deep groove ball bearings also consume less lubricant than comparable SKF Explorer bearings and enable longer bearing service life. Therefore. in the SKF family of bearings. the technology that enables even a small reduction in energy consumption is big news. But more importantly. to represent the new SKF E2 performance class. low-friction deep groove ball bearing. Designed for grease lubricated. The potential for energy savings on a global scale is huge. reducing the amount of friction generated by the bearing by at least 30% is an achievement with far-reaching implications. In instances where an application is run-to-failure. Drawing on over 100 years of engineering knowledge and unmatched expertise in the field of tribology and related sciences.SKF Energy Efficient bearings Engineered to promote sustainability As the need to conserve energy grows more apparent every day. this new performance class represents a significant breakthrough. SKF has created a new. shielded SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings can last twice as long as comparably sized shielded standard SKF bearings in light-to-normal load applications. The SKF Energy Efficient (E2) deep groove ball bearing is the first bearing type. With all their special features. lightto-normal load applications. Reduce friction – reduce energy consumption Frictional losses waste energy – energy that could have been used to run machinery. this new performance class of bearings is designed to improve machine efficiency and advance everyone’s goal of a sustainable planet. it represents energy that will not be available to future generations.

the free running time was about 50% longer. but grease life is a limiting factor when determining the life of a sealed bearing.5) +15 500 (¥ 3.2) Diagram 2 Speed [r/min] 2 000 +7 250 (¥ 3. SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings are designed specifically for these applications.125 C • Speeds greater than 1 000 r/min Reduced frictional moment Diagram 1 illustrates the effectiveness of SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings in a 3 kW electric motor. Extended grease life means longer bearing service life In light to normal load applications.2) 10 000 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Time [s] 1 000 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 Operating temperature [°C] n with SKF Energy Efficient bearings n with SKF standard bearings n with SKF Energy Efficient bearings n with SKF standard bearings 3 . the motor was equipped with standard SKF deep groove ball bearings and later with SKF E2 bearings.SKF E2 deep groove ball bearings For light to normal load applications The operating conditions for deep groove ball bearings typically are characterized by light to normal loads at relatively high speeds. Recommended operating conditions for SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings: • P ≤ 0. pumps. metal fatigue is rarely an issue. conveyors and fans. With SKF E2 bearings. Typical examples include electric motors.066 C Grease life L10 [h] 100 000 1 500 1 000 500 0 +23 000 (¥ 2. The free running time after the power was switched off was measured. In this example. Compared to standard SKF shielded deep groove ball bearings. Diagram 1 Speed-time curves after switching off an electrical motor Grease life comparison between SKF Energy Efficient and standard SKF deep groove ball bearings Operating conditions: Speed factor A = 300 000 mm/min Load: P = 0. SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings can more than double the mean time between failure († diagram 2) due to reduced heat generated by the bearings and the specially formulated SKF low-friction grease.

Test results Frictional moment The frictional moment of an SKF Energy Efficient bearing (E2.6306-2Z/C3 1 000 3 000 5 000 1 000 3 000 5 000 1 000 3 000 5 000 1 000 3 000 5 000 1 000 3 000 5 000 1 000 3 000 Speed [r/min] Temperature [°C] Load 70 85 P = 0.066 C 100 4 5 000 . The E2 cage on the right shows significantly less deformation. frictional moment of SKF Energy Efficient bearings Frictional moment of 6306-2Z/C3 Average frictional moment of E2. Diagram 3 Frictional moment of an SKF Energy Efficient bearing compared to an SKF standard bearing Relative frictional moment [%] 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 Operating conditions: 0 Max. 1 A polyamide cage from a standard SKF bearing and an E2 bearing are running at 8 000 r/min.1 C 100 70 85 P = 0. Compared to other manufacturers’ bearings.6306-2Z/C3) was measured under various operating conditions. the percentage reduction in the frictional moment could be even greater. Fig. When compared with the frictional moment of a standard SKF shielded deep groove ball bearing. Fig. on average. The fundamental redesign produced a lighter cage that is less susceptible to deform­ ation during operation. 1 shows the reduced deformation experienced by a polyamide cage of an E2 bearing when compared to the polyamide cage of a standard SKF bearing. the E2 bearing showed. approximately a 50% reduction († diagram 3). Cage behaviour The cage design is one of the key features of SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings.

test results Operating temperature [°C] 125 120 115 110 105 100 95 90 85 80 5 °C 15 °C 3 000 3 500 4 000 4 500 5 000 5 500 6 000 Speed [r/min] n with SKF Energy Efficient bearings n with SKF standard bearings 5 . the E2 bearing ran 5 to 15 °C cooler. depending on speed.5 kN radial The test showed that when compared to a standard SKF bearing.Operating temperature The operating temperatures of SKF Energy Efficient bearings and standard SKF bearings were measured at certain speeds and compared († diagram 4). Diagram 4 Operating temperature at different speeds. Test conditions were: • Bearing: 6205-2Z/C3 • Running time: 24 h at each speed interval • Ambient temperature: room temperature • Load: 0.

6 . Determining the permissible speed Operating under the recommended load conditions (P ≤ 0.com. Calculating the frictional moment Calculating the frictional moment for SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings can only be done with the calculation tools provided in the SKF Interactive Engineering Catalogue available online at www. The formulae and factors provided in the SKF General Catalogue are not valid for SKF Energy Efficient bearings. If an SKF E2 deep groove ball bearing is to be operated outside the recommended operating conditions or above the limiting speed.125 C).skf.skf.Application recommendations Determining the fatigue life using life equations The method used to determine fatigue life is the same for both SKF E2 deep groove ball bearings and standard SKF deep groove ball bearings. SKF recommends using the SKF rating life equations as described in the SKF General Catalogue or the SKF Interactive Engin­ eering Catalogue available online at www. the permissible speed of SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings is equal to the limiting speed as listed in the product table. contact the SKF application engineering service.com.

For bearings on a vertical shaft. refer to the recommendations in the SKF General Catalogue or contact the SKF application engineering service.25 C Reduction factor 1 0. depending on load Load P ≤ 0.5 0. the service life of the grease in shielded SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings defines the service life of the bearing and can be estimated using diagram 5. the grease life must be reduced. Appropriate reduction factors are listed in table 1. This is defined as the period of time. the grease life should be halved.05 C 0.05 C) and bearings on a horizontal shaft.1 C 0. 90% of a sufficiently large group of seemingly identical bearings are still reliably lubricated. at the end of which.05 C Grease life L10 [h] 100 000 A = 100 000 200 000 300 000 400 000 500 000 600 000 650 000 A = 40 000 10 000 1 000 100 50 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 Operating temperature [°C] 7 . Table 1 Reduction factors for the grease life.7 0.5 (d + D) To make adjustments for other operating conditions. The estimate is based on an L10 grease life. The speed is considered using the speed factor A: A = n dm where A = speed factor [mm/min] n = rotational speed [r/min] dm = bearing mean diameter [mm] = 0. For more heavily loaded bearings. Grease life depends mainly on the following factors: • operating temperature • speed • load The diagram provides grease life estimates based on operating temperature and speed. It is valid for light loads (P ≤ 0.2 Diagram 5 Grease life for SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings for load P = 0.125 C 0.Determining the service life of the grease Under the recommended operating conditions.

the permissible angular misalignment lies between 2 and 10 minutes of arc. The cage design is not identified in the bearing designation. The bearings are lubricated for life and are maintenance-free. Bearings with radial internal clearance other than C3 can be supplied on request. there is a risk that the grease will leak from the bearing at high speeds. Misalignment SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings have the same operating characteristics as standard SKF deep groove ball bearings. The quantity of grease fills some 25 to 35% of the free space in the bearing. The grease fill is not identified in the bearing designation. In other words. contact the SKF application engineering service or your local SKF re­ presentative. Internal clearance SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings are manufactured with C3 radial internal clearance as standard. refer to the SKF General Catalogue or the SKF Interactive Engineering Catalogue available online at www.com/e2.skf. contact your local SKF representative or visit www. as standard. low-friction SKF grease († table 2). This makes the bearings dimensionally interchangeable with deep groove ball bearings of the same size in the same dimension series. Table 2 Grease in SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings Thickener Base oil type NLGI consistency class Temperature range [°C] [°F] Lithium soap Synthetic oil 2 –50 –60 55 130 150 300 190 375 Designs Bearings with shields SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings are fitted on both sides with a shield made of sheet steel. 62 and 63 dimension series.com. depending on the various influencing factors. For additional information. To achieve the maximum performance of SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings such as double the lubrication interval. Tolerances SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings are manufactured to P6 tolerances for dimensional accuracy. Cages SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings are fitted with a ball centred snap-type cage made of a temperature-resistant glass fibre reinforced composite polymer. The width tolerance is reduced to: • 0/–60 μm for bearings with an outside diameter ` 110 mm • 0/–100 μm for bearings with an outside diameter > 110 mm 8 . They should not be washed or heated to temperatures above 80 °C. The bearings are supplied filled with a special lownoise. Shielded bearings are primarily intended for applications where the inner ring rotates.Product data SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings are available in the 60. The running accuracy depends on the bearing size and corresponds to: • P5 tolerances for bearings with an outside diameter ` 52 mm • P6 tolerances for bearings with an outside diameter > 52 mm ` 110 mm • Normal tolerances for bearings with an outside diameter > 110 mm Bearing data Dimensions The boundary dimensions of SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings are in accordance with ISO 15:1998. Open bearings For open SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings. For the most upto-date information. Any misalignment will increase bearing noise and reduce bearing service life.skf. The assortment will be expanded according to customer demands. Bore sizes range from 5 to 60 mm. If the outer ring rotates. The current assortment is listed in the product table. open bearings must be greased with the proper quantity of SKF LEGE 2 grease.

For additional information. Axial load carrying capacity SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings have the same axial load carrying capacity as standard SKF deep groove ball bearings. this load should generally not exceed the value of 0. For applications like electric motors.2 n) T < 100 z where Frm = minimum radial load [kN] kr = minimum load factor 0.5 (d + D) When starting at low temperatures. even greater minimum loads may be required. where the requisite radial load is not sufficient.5 C0. Designations and package identification The designations for SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings follow the basic SKF designation system. Excessive axial load can lead to a reduction in bearing service life.Minimum load Rolling bearings should always be subjected to a given minimum load.skf. If they are subjected to purely axial loads. springs can be used to apply an axial preload instead. However.com. Equivalent bearing loads Equivalent bearing loads for SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings can be calculated the same way as for standard SKF deep groove ball bearings.025 for bearings in the 60 and 62 series 0.03 for bearings in the 63 series T = operating temperature [°C] n = rotational speed [r/min] dm = bearing mean diameter [mm] = 0.25 C0. SKF Energy Efficient bearings are supplied in a new standard box.” has been added to avoid confusion. The requisite minimum radial load to be applied to SKF Energy Efficient deep groove ball bearings can be estimated using kr q dm w2 2/3 –––– Frm = –– (5. Small bearings (bore diameter up to approximately 12 mm) and bearings in the 60 series should not be subjected to an axial load greater than 0. 9 . refer to the SKF General Catalogue or the SKF Interactive Engineering Catalogue available online at www. the prefix “E2.

08 0.11 0.014 0.04 0.37 1.275 0.93 1.66 1.08 0.75 6.06 0.62 4.38 0.098 0.212 0.176 0.060 0.32 5.75 5.21 2.6204-2Z E2.37 1.07 7.629-2Z E2.53 7.6303-2Z E2.8 C0 Fatigue load limit Pu kN 0.21 3.053 0.71 4.032 0.022 0.6004-2Z E2.32 3.8 11.072 0.008 0.127 0.6302-2Z E2.14 – E2.082 0.6202-2Z E2.1 4.02 9.6003-2Z E2.019 0.625-2Z E2.34 Speed ratings Reference Limiting speed speed Mass Designations r/min 104 000 90 000 90 000 90 000 80 000 80 000 75 000 75 000 70 000 70 000 61 000 55 000 66 000 55 000 49 000 55 000 47 000 41 000 49 000 41 000 37 000 41 000 35 000 33 000 55 000 47 000 47 000 47 000 42 000 42 000 37 000 37 000 36 000 36 000 32 000 29 000 33 000 29 000 25 000 28 000 25 000 21 000 25 000 21 000 19 000 21 000 19 000 17 000 kg 0.32 3.4 5.6203-2Z E2.012 0.017 0.85 9.32 3.12 0.55 7.008 0.66 1.030 0.04 0.6201-2Z E2.E2 shielded deep groove ball bearings d 5 – 20 mm B D d Principal dimensions d mm 5 6 7 8 9 10 16 19 19 19 22 22 24 24 26 26 30 35 28 32 37 32 35 42 35 40 47 42 47 52 5 6 6 6 7 7 8 7 8 8 9 11 8 10 12 9 11 13 10 12 14 12 14 15 D B Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 1.32 3.635-2Z E2.3 3 4.609-2Z E2.009 0.04 0.005 0.627-2Z E2.95 0.36 12.95 1.16 0.21 2.62 5.95 5.75 3.6301-2Z E2.626-2Z E2.6001-2Z E2.93 2.013 0.56 13.14 2.072 0.7 16.143 0.55 5 6.275 0.15 2.95 0.6200-2Z E2.132 0.8 9.3 0.039 0.224 0.608-2Z E2.037 0.6304-2Z 12 15 17 20 10 .71 3.065 0.098 0.4 2.07 8.118 0.6300-2Z E2.6000-2Z E2.045 0.069 0.06 0.628-2Z E2.6002-2Z E2.020 0.2 0.607-2Z E2.016 0.

6 25.20 0.1 13.7 19.35 0.46 0.9 2.67 0.78 1.7 62.70 – E2.6 24 20.6 1.5 81.5 52.8 22.49 0.35 1.26 0.3 19 18.6006-2Z E2.5 33.31 0.65 11.6208-2Z E2.05 1.6306-2Z E2.6207-2Z E2.6312-2Z 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 11 .63 0.7 41 32.41 0.6309-2Z E2.34 1.23 0.64 0.6311-2Z E2.9 12.5 38 45 52 C0 Fatigue load limit Pu kN 0.12 0.6205-2Z E2.37 0.13 0.08 0.6308-2Z E2.4 31.4 71.35 11.83 1.6005-2Z E2.6307-2Z E2.E2 shielded deep groove ball bearings d 25 – 60 mm B D d Principal dimensions d mm 25 47 52 62 55 62 72 72 80 80 90 85 100 110 120 130 12 15 17 13 16 19 17 21 18 23 19 25 27 29 31 D B Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 11.6 7.6305-2Z E2.5 28.6310-2Z E2.325 0.815 0.8 30.475 0.2 16 15.29 0.9 6.865 1.6209-2Z E2.6206-2Z E2.02 0.1 7.2 Speed ratings Reference Limiting speed speed Mass Designations r/min 35 000 30 000 27 000 31 000 26 000 22 000 22 000 21 000 19 000 19 000 18 000 17 000 15 000 14 000 13 000 18 000 16 000 15 000 16 000 14 000 13 000 12 000 11 000 10 000 9 900 9 900 8 700 7 800 7 300 6 500 kg 0.

These five competence areas include bearings and units. contact your SKF representative or Authorized Distributor ® SKF is a registered trademark of the SKF Group. Publication 6692 EN  ·  September 2009 Printed in XXXXX on environmentally friendly paper. from 3-D computer modelling to advanced condition monitoring and reliability and asset management systems. For more information. Every care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the information contained in this publication but no liability can be accepted for any loss or damage whether direct. SKF brings innovative solutions to OEMs and production facilities in every major industry worldwide.com . and a wide range of services.The Power of Knowledge Engineering Seals Bearings and units Lubrication systems Mechatronics Services Drawing on five areas of competence and application-specific expertise amassed over more than 100 years. seals. A global presence provides SKF customers uniform quality standards and worldwide product availability. mechatronics (combining mechanics and electronics into intelligent systems). lubrication systems. With the contribution if the LIFE financial instrument of the European Communitiy skf. indirect or consequential arising out of the use of the information contained herein. © SKF Group 2009 The contents of this publication are the copyright of the publisher and may not be reproduced (even extracts) unless prior written permission is granted.