Product name RTN Product Version

Confidentiality Level INTERNAL Total 25 pages

ODU Troubleshooting Guide
(For internal use only)

Prepared by Reviewed By Reviewed By Approved by

AOC/LMT R&D Development for Microwave Products

Date Date Date Date

2011-03-28

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All rights reserved

ODU Troubleshooting Guide

Change History

Change History
Date 2008-6-23 Change Version V1.0 Change Description Completed the initial draft Author Huang Xiongbin, Qu Guizeng, Hu Congjie, Zhong Xiang, Lin Hongyong, and Jiang Shidong Qu Guizeng and Huang Xiongbin Huang Xiongbin Huang Xiongbin

2008-9-17

V1.1

Updated the troubleshooting method in section "ODU Reports the IF-INPWR-ABN Alarm." Updated the section "ODU reports the RSL_LOW Alarm." Updated the section "Microwave Service Troubleshooting" and modified the sequence of IF cable check and ODU replacement.

2011-03-28

V1.2

Reviewed and updated the file comprehensively; add FAQs.

Yu Guobin and Wang Zeming

2013-10-30

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

i

..................................5 Symptom 5: ODU Reports RADIO_RSL_LOW Alarm...........................................................................................................................................................................5................6......5 5...........................................3 Symptom 3: ODU Reports RADIO_MUTE Alarm..8 5...................6........................................ 4 5 Locating Faults Occurred in the Live Network.................................................................................6...........................................................................................................................................................6 5......6 5....5 5...3.....................................................10 5..................................................5 5............3 Troubleshooting.........................................................................................................................8 5.........................................................................3.........................................7 5..........................................................................................................................................1 Symptom...........................................................1 Symptom............................4................................................................5 5......................................................................................................6 5....................... 2 3 Principle.............................................................5 5..............................................................................2 Fault Analysis..........................................................................................................1 Symptom.....................................5 5.............................................5....................7 5...................4.......................................................................10 5.....................................3 Troubleshooting........................2....................................................1........................................................................................................................................................2 Fault Analysis.................................8 5......2 Fault Analysis................................................ODU Troubleshooting Guide Contents Contents Change History..................3.........................................................1.................3 Troubleshooting......................1 Symptom.....................................................2 Fault Analysis.................................1 Symptom 1: ODU Reports HARD_BAD Alarm........................................................................................................................................................2 Fault Analysis...................... Ltd ii ...........................................................................................................................6 Symptom 6: ODU Keeps on Reporting RADIO_RSL_HIGH Alarm.......................6 5..................................................1 Symptom..............................................................1.................................................................................................................................6 5....10 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.....4...... 1 2 Application.................................................3 Troubleshooting.1 Symptom........2.................................................................................................................................................................8 5........................................10 5....................................................................................................3 Troubleshooting........6 5..............................................8 5..........4 Symptom 4: ODU Reports RADIO_RADIO_TSL_LOW or RADIO_RADIO_TSL_HIGH Alarm..... i 1 Overview......................5......................................................................................................... 3 4 Preparations............3 Troubleshooting.......10 5.......................................................................5 5.........................................2 Symptom 2: ODU Reports POWER_ALM Alarm....................2........................................................2 Fault Analysis.......

....7.....................12 5.......................13 5...........................8............................................................................................................10 Symptom 10: ODU Reports LOOP_ALM Alarm..........................................................1 Symptom...14 6........................................................14 6......................10.............................6 Guide for replacing HP(A)/LP(A)/SP(A)ODU with XMC...........................9....9.......16 6................18 6............3 Troubleshooting.........................4 Page for Querying the SN Number of the ODU on the Network Management Shown in Figure 1......................................................................ODU Troubleshooting Guide Contents 5..............12 5..............................11 5..............16 6......................19 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..........1 Link for HP/SP/LPA ODU Upgrade Guide....................7..........................13 5.................................................................................11 Symptom 11: Receiving Signal Level of the ODU Keeps Low......................................5 Taking the principles Below to Check Factories That Produce the ODU Based on Software Versions......................3 Troubleshooting................................................................13 5........................................11 5...........8 Symptom 8: ODU Reports IF_INPWR_ABN Alarm.........................................................2 Fault Analysis.............................................................................................................................11 5.........11...............................8 SN Code of the ODU and the Support Status of the Factory Information ....................................11 Frequency Sweep Guide and scripts................................................................................................................................................................2 Fault Analysis.............................................3 Troubleshooting................................2 Fault Analysis....................................10 IF Cable Mode...........7 ODU Radio-Frequency Loop and the Support status of Various ODUs...............................15 6...........................................1 Symptom...........13 5................3 Troubleshooting....................................................8......................13 5...................2 Fault Analysis...................................12 5.....................................................18 6..................2 ODU Naming................3 Method on How to Distinguish Between Factories..................................................................9 Configuration Status of the TR Interval Supported by ODU.....................................................................................................................12 5................................1 Symptom.1 Symptom...........................................................................................12 5.........................13 5..................12 5.............................14 6..............................................................................................................13 5.....9..............................................................13 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network....................10.............................................................11.10..........................17 6......7............................................................................................................................... Ltd iii ...............................2 Fault Analysis..........................................9 Symptom 9: ODU Reports RADIO_FADING_MARGIN_INSUFF Alarm...........................................................8..............................................................15 6..1 Symptom........................................................................................................3 Troubleshooting.......................................15 6.....................................12 5.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................13 5.........7 Symptom 7: ODU Reports BD_STATUS Alarm..................................................................................................................................11...............................................................................................................................................................11 5............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

relevant personnel found that no effective troubleshooting methods are available for microwave products at present. Base on the experiences in solving network problems and problems found in the laboratory. R&D drafts this document based on the analysis and discussions among key members of the maintenance team and other colleagues from the ODU Software. that is. During the analysis and discussions. This document aims to troubleshoot the frequently occurred network fault. this guide provides troubleshooting methods as many as possible for field engineers' reference. In addition. and IDU IF. this guide will be updated accordingly with more and more tools and experiences for troubleshooting emerged in the future.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 1 Overview Maintenance problems occur frequently on microwave products manufactured by Huawei because these products are shortly launched for providing network services. . to enable engineers to check whether the fault is caused by the invalid ODU or the failure in other components. ODU Hardware.

this guide describes faults caused by network planning errors. . However. for example. This guide assumes that field engineers can use the following troubleshooting methods: Network management (Mandatory) SDH meter (Optional) Other auxiliary tools such as the loopback box (optional) This guide does not involve those faults caused by configuration errors.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 2    Application This guide is applicable to Huawei's own microwave products (including all matched ODUs). frequency configuration error. interference caused by the improper frequency planning. for example. instead of purchased microwave products (that is. the troubleshooting excludes the configuration check. the turnkey microwave products). Therefore.

ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 3 The troubleshooting principles are as follows:    Principle Listing symptoms related to the ODU as many as possible. Providing the method for checking the ODU invalidity of each symptom. . Listing simple symptoms and then the complicated ones.

ATPC enabling. Check whether the configurations of the ODU (including the frequency.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 4 Preparations To provide facilities for the R&D personnel's following-up and troubleshooting. mode. ensure that all the relevant data has been collected according to the data collection tool provided by the R&D before any operation can be carried out on site. power. and AM function) are consistent with the network design values. . TR interval.

2.1 Symptom ODU reports the HARD_BAD alarm when both the installation and configuration are correct. If any of the configurations are incorrect. 2.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 5 Locating Faults Occurred in the Live Network 5.1 Symptom 1: ODU Reports HARD_BAD Alarm 5. 5. In case there is no configuration error. 5. 5. Replace the failed ODU. the problem must be caused by the failure in the ODU. .3 Troubleshooting 1.1 Symptom The ODU reports the POWER_ALM alarm when both the installation and configuration are correct.1.2 Fault Analysis Check the ODU configurations.1. reconfigure these parameters according to the network files.2 Symptom 2: ODU Reports POWER_ALM Alarm 5. Check and record both the status information of the time when the alarm occurs on the power cabinet of the equipment room and the performance events of the NE for further fault locating and troubleshooting. such as the frequency configuration and TR interval configuration.1.

If no.3.2 Fault Analysis Symptom 1: If the ODU reported a transient POWER_ALM.2. If no. see section "5. do as follows: 2. If no.3 Symptom 3: ODU Reports RADIO_MUTE Alarm 5.2.3. If yes. If yes. the problem must be caused by the external power supply and the ODU is in normal status. the problem must be caused by the failure in the ODU. the problem must be caused by the failure in the ODU. 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 5. Check whether the power output of the IF cable is normal at the ODU side. Check whether the ODU reported the IF_INPWR_ABN alarm.3 Troubleshooting Replace the failed ODU. 5. check the power supply system and ensure the proper power supply to the ODU.1 Symptom The ODU reports the MUTE alarm when both the installation and configuration are correct.8"Symptom 8: ODU Reports IF_INPWR_ABN Alarm" for troubleshooting.3. the problem must be caused by the abnormality of the power supply rather than the ODU itself. Check by remote whether the ODU reported the CONFIG_NOSUPPORT alarm at the same time.. 5. the problem must be caused by improper configurations. Check whether the ODU is muted manually. Check whether the IF board reported the IF_CABLE_OPEN or VOLT_LOS alarm before or when this alarm is reported.2 Fault Analysis 1. If the alarm is cleared. unmute the ODU. Make proper configurations to solve this problem.3 Troubleshooting Replace the failed ODU. If no. If no. Ltd 6 . If the power supply is normal but the alarm is still on. 5. the problem must be caused by the failure in the ODU. Symptom 2: If the ODU reports the POWER_ALM alarm all the time. If yes.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 5. but there is no such alarm now. do as follows: 3. If yes.

4. Ltd 7 ..4 Symptom 4: ODU Reports RADIO_RADIO_TSL_LOW or RADIO_RADIO_TSL_HIGH Alarm 5. 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 5.1 Symptom The ODU reports the RADIO_TSL_LOW or RADIO_TSL_HIGH alarm when both the installation and configuration are correct.

2. or ODU reported the HARD_BAD alarm at the local end. 1. 5. If the ODU works normally. If yes. sweep the frequency at the local end to check whether there is any interruption on the ODU. 2.5. see Notice on Pre-Warning for the TSL_LOW Alarm Transiently Reported by ODUs 2. 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. turn on/off the power switch of the IDU IF board) to check whether the alarm is cleared or not. or hardware failures. 5. the problem must be caused by the failure in the ODU.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 5. Ltd 8 . If the alarm is cleared after the upgrade. This alarm may be caused by those factors such as the interruption. or HARD_BAD alarm. and check whether the waterproof treatment is normal at the ODU port. which needs to be analyzed separately. power failure occurred at the remote end of the ODU. if the alarm is reported and switched again. If no. 4. check the connection between the IF cable and the IDU as well as the ODU side. the problem must be caused by the failure in the ODU.2 Fault Analysis Do as follows to check the networking environment: 1.5 Symptom 5: ODU Reports RADIO_RSL_LOW Alarm 5. Collect the relevant data and analyze it with the R&D department. If the networking is 1+0 and the alarm is steady on. To upgrade the HOP ODU. Check whether the transmission power at the remote end of the ODU is normal. If the networking is 1+1HSB or 1+1SD. If the ODU reported the RADIO_TSL_LOW or MUTE. If the networking is 1+0 and the alarm is a transient alarm. that means the problem is solved already and no need any other operations. switch manually to the ODU that has already reported the alarm. If the ODU reports the RADIO_TSL_LOW or RADIO_TSL_HIGH alarm again after the upgrade. If the problems described in section 1 do not exist.1 Symptom The ODU reports the RADIO_RSL_LOW alarm transient ly when both the installation and configuration are correct. 3. follow step 1. Check the actual transmission power and alarms at the remote end of the ODU through the network management or survey on site. the problem must be caused by the failure in the ODU.5. space link fading. Reset first the ODU that has reported this alarm under the 1+1 networking protection.4. handle the preceding alarms first (see the corresponding method for faults analysis). the problem must be caused by the failure in the ODU. Replace the failed ODU. 5.3 Troubleshooting 1.4. perform hard resetting to the ODU first through the network management (If no network management..2 Fault Analysis Symptom 1: The local end reports this alarm and the receiving power at the remote end is normal.

the problem must be caused by the ODU at the other end. replace the ODU to solve the problem.. handle the preceding alarms first (see the corresponding method for faults analysis). this problem must be caused by the frequency deviation of the ODU. replace the ODU. Ltd 9 . Check whether the ODU reported the Hard_bad alarm at both ends. the problem must be caused by the failure in the ODU. Replace the ODU at one end and then check whether the alarm is cleared and whether the link is restored. Adjust the antenna carefully to solve the problem. Otherwise. Check whether the transmission power is normal at the remote end of the ODU. this problem must be caused by the positioning of the antenna. check whether the antenna is in the right position. For other problems. the power failure occurred at the remote end of the ODU. 2. do as follows: 5. Check the actual transmission power and alarms at the remote end of the ODU through the network management or survey on site. this problem must be caused by the frequency deviation. If on other alarms occur. Contact the local network planning department and check through professional software whether the antenna is placed too high or too low (this problem has occurred in Indonesia before). Adjust the antenna and check whether there is water penetration between the interface of the antenna and the combiner (the flexible waveguide needs to be checked. negotiate with the local network planning department and customers for solution. 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Symptom 3: This alarm is reported at both ends during the deployment debugging. If the ODU reported the RADIO_TSL_LOW or MUTE. Adjust the inconsistence if any. do as follows: 2. do as follows: 4. otherwise. too). Check whether the space link is blocked through a telescope or contacting local agencies. Otherwise. If this alarm is cleared during this process. Check the polarization compatibility between the sites at both ends of the ODU and the antenna as well as the direction of the polarization at both ends of the link. Check whether the space link is blocked through a telescope or other methods. do as follows: 3. do as follows: 5. If there is no block. or HARD_BAD alarm. or the ODU reported the HARD_BAD alarm at the local end. Check whether the antenna is fixed correctly. This problem may be caused by the frequency deviation at one end of the ODU. To solve the problem. If no. If yes. do as follows: 3. 1. Replace the ODU at the other end to solve this problem. This kind of polarization error should be checked and solved during the ODU and antenna installation. turn the antenna in both horizontal and vertical directions in a large scale. Otherwise. reset the ODU at the other end to check whether the alarm is cleared or whether the link is restored. If yes.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network Symptom 2: This alarm is reported at both the local end and the remote end during operation. Reset the ODU at one end to check whether the alarm is cleared and whether the link is restored. 1. do as follows: 4. If yes. handle this alarm first (refer to the corresponding method for fault analysis). If yes. If yes. Otherwise. Check the power status when the alarm did not occur yet. Check whether the receiving link of the ODU is invalid at the local end. If no block exists. If the receiving power at both ends lowered gradually and the alarm was reported eventually.

If yes. 2. If it is a transient alarm.3 Troubleshooting 1.2 Fault Analysis 1.6. If no. do as follows: 5. Check the actual receiving power of this ODU. do as follows: 2. Otherwise. make configurations properly. ensure the continuous operation of this ODU first in case the spare parts are not sufficient.5. Otherwise. Check and record both the status information of the time when the alarm occurs on the power cabinet of the equipment room and the performance events of the NE for further fault locating and troubleshooting. If the problem remains. Check whether the ODU configuration is consistent with the network file. the problem may be caused by the multipath fade. ensure the high compatibility of both the HF ODU and the antenna during the connection. According to step 2 in symptom 2. Replace the failed ODU when replace kits are available.1 Symptom The ODU keeps reporting the RADIO_RSL_LOW alarm when both the installation and configuration are correct. and keep relevant records. Otherwise. Otherwise.. the problem must be caused by the failure in the ODU. 5.6.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network  Cares must be taken during the antenna alignment due to the small bean width of the major lode of the high frequency antennas with big aperture. 5.  5.3 Troubleshooting Replace the failed ODU. collect the complete data at both ends of this HOP link thorough data collection tools and provide the data to R&D personnel for analysis. do as follows: 4. The relevant data needs to be collected for R&D personnel's analysis. Check whether the service is normal or not. Ltd 10 . Because the echo flapping caused by poor connection of the interface has too much effect on the HF signal. If this power is smaller than the alarm threshold (the threshold of the RADIO_RSL_HIGH alarm is -20dBm) and the alarm still cannot be cleared.6. do as follows: 3. if the alarm is cleared after the ODU reset. 5. 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the problem must be caused by the failure in the ODU at the local end.6 Symptom 6: ODU Keeps on Reporting RADIO_RSL_HIGH Alarm 5. Mute the transmission power at the remote end and sweep the in-band frequency at the local end of the ODU to check whether there is any interruption.

do as follows: 4.3 Troubleshooting Replace the failed ODU. the problem must be caused by the IF board rather than the ODU. If the output is normal. 5. Those reasons may cause this alarm.7. If the service is not interrupted when the ODU reports the BD_STATUS alarm. the problem must be caused by the poor connection between the IF cable and the ODU. Symptom 2: The service is interrupted when the BD_STATUS occurs. If the alarm still remains. do as follows: 2.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 5. 1. If the alarm is cleared.7. 1. poor connection or damage of the IF cable. Connect the IF cable with the ODU. Connect the cable of the IF board.7 Symptom 7: ODU Reports BD_STATUS Alarm 5. 5.1 Symptom The ODU reports the BD_STATUS alarm when both the installation and configuration are correct. make adjustment according to the maintenance guide to ensure the normal voltage output. Ltd 11 . 3. Remake the connector of the IF cable. do as follows: 3. If no. or ODU hardware failure. something must be wrong with the ODU or the communication link of the IF board. If the output voltage is normal. turn on the IF switch. the fault must lie in the IF cable. Do as follows for troubleshooting: 2. including the IDU fault. If the alarm is cleared. If the voltage is abnormal. the problem must be the failure in the ODU. Replace the IF board first. change the IF cable. Check whether this problem meets the pre-alert conditions of the Notice on Pre-Warning for the ODU Offline Abnormally of OptiX RTN 600 Products . 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Field engineers need to replace the IF board or the ODU to confirm this problem. something must be wrong with the ODU. If no. Check whether the output voltage of the IF board corresponding to the ODU is normal or not. If the problem still exists..2 Fault Analysis Symptom 1: The service is not interrupted when the BD_STATUS occurs. If the alarm is cleared. and then check whether the IF cable output is normal at the ODU side.7.

2 Fault Analysis For details. the problem must be caused by the software the failure in the ODU. Otherwise. Otherwise. the problem must be caused by the ODU failure. 5.5"Symptom 5: ODU Reports RADIO_RSL_LOW Alarm.. do as follows: 3. 5. and reset. Perform soft reset to the ODU. this alarm must be caused by such operations. Symptom 2: The ODU reports this alarm continuously.9." 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.1 Symptom The ODU reports the alarm when both the installation and configuration are correct. including the loopback. If yes. If the alarm is cleared. if the alarm is cleared. 5.8. collect 1HOP data for R&D personnel's analysis.1 Symptom The ODU reports the RADIO_FADING_MARGIN_INSUFF alarm when both the installation and configuration are correct.8.3 Troubleshooting Replace the failed ODU.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 5. Replace the IF board. Continuous alarm means the alarm occurs suddenly after the equipment runs normally for a period of time. IF cable failure. 5.9 Symptom 9: ODU Reports RADIO_FADING_MARGIN_INSUFF Alarm 5. Do as follows for troubleshooting: 1. the problem must be caused by the software the failure in the ODU. or ODU failure. the problem must be caused by the software the failure in the ODU. This alarm may be caused by the corresponding IF board failure. do as follows: 2. do as follows: 4. no need to take any action. However.8.8 Symptom 8: ODU Reports IF_INPWR_ABN Alarm 5. Perform hard reset to the ODU. if there are no such operations. Replace the ODU. If the alarm is cleared. If the alarm is cleared. Check whether those operations are performed when the transient alarm occurs.9. Otherwise. power-off. see Chapter 5.2 Fault Analysis Symptom 1: The ODU reports this alarm transiently. If the ODU runs normally. Ltd 12 .

Perform hard reset to the ODU to check whether the alarm is cleared.10.5"Symptom 5: ODU Reports RADIO_RSL_LOW Alarm.10 Symptom 10: ODU Reports LOOP_ALM Alarm 5.3 Troubleshooting 1. If yes. see Chapter 5.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 5. see Chapter 5. something must be wrong with the ODU hardware.11. this alarm is normal. To clear this alarm.11 Symptom 11: Receiving Signal Level of the ODU Keeps Low 5. the problem must be caused by the failure in the ODU.2 Fault Analysis 1.3 Troubleshooting For details." 5. This alarm indicates that the loop operation has been performed on the ODU.11. 5.2 Fault Analysis For details. If yes.9.5"Symptom 5: ODU Reports RADIO_RSL_LOW Alarm.5"Symptom 5: ODU Reports RADIO_RSL_LOW Alarm." 5. Remark: This guide analyzes only the receiving signal level that are more than 10 dB lower than the network design value rather than level that are less than 10 dB lower than the network design value (no details provided here since it needs to be analyzed case by case). Cancel the loop operation to clear this alarm.11. 5. Otherwise.10. Ltd 13 .1 Symptom When both the installation and configuration are correct. do as follows: 2. 5.3 Troubleshooting For details. 5. the ATPC is disabled and the actual receiving power of the ODU is much lower than the target value of the network design (more than 10 dB lower than the designed target value)." 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Check whether the loop has been configured. see Chapter 5.1 Symptom The ODU reports the LOOP_ALM alarm when both the installation and configuration are correct. Replace the ODU with hardware failure..10. just cancel the loop operation. 2. Otherwise.

if the power of a newly-imported ODU is more than the current HP.com/support/pages/editionctrl/catalog/ShowVersionDetail. The ODU products. Typical features of the Standard Power Series: Supports the microwave application for both the PDH and the SDH with standard transmission power. 6. including the self-developed and newly-imported ones. To distinguish between the series name and the ODU category name. 4. No new series will be added in the future.1 Link for HP/SP/LPA ODU Upgrade Guide The link for HP/SP/LPA ODU upgrade guide is as follows: http://support. Typical feature of the Low Capacity for PDH Series: Supports only the PDH microwave application. 6. The ODU consists of three series and each series contains multiple categories. will be categorized to these three series according to their features and specifications. Typical features of the High-Power Series: Supports the microwave application for both the PDH and the SDH with high transmission power. The link for downloading the 1.do? actionFlag=getDetail&node=000001435394&colID=ROOTWEB|CO0000000065. this ODU will be named as HPA or HPB instead of VP. 2. .huawei. 3. Huawei describes the series in full name and the ODU category in abbreviation.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 6.10 version of the HP/SP/LPA ODU is as follows: http://support. For example.huawei. 5.2 ODU Naming 1.do? actionFlag=detailProductSimple&web_doc_id=SC0000569975&doc_type=123-2.com/support/pages/kbcenter/view/product.do? actionFlag=detailProductSimple&web_doc_id=SC0000569975&doc_type=1232/support/pages/kbcenter/view/product.

C – 12. Ltd 15 .1 Page for querying the SN number of the ODU on the network management 6. 5. Six digits – serial number. 2 xx indicates the ODU is made by Comba. AB –2010.4G— HPA/SPA/LP.Product Date. 6.01.6C—HP/SP/LPA. B – 11. and the second is Month.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 6. The first is Year. 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. Two Characters – Product Code.3 Method on How to Distinguish Between Factories 1. 4. Eight digits – Huawei BOM code. and so on. Two Characters -. A – 10.4 Page for Querying the SN Number of the ODU on the Network Management Shown in Figure 1 Figure a. 10—XMC—1/XMC-2. For example.11. Two digits – 21 Barcode identification.5 Taking the principles Below to Check Factories That Produce the ODU Based on Software Versions 8 xx indicates the ODU is Huawei's own product. 91 – 2009. 2. 1 xx indicates the ODU is made by RBW. 3.

After setting the radio-frequency inloop. The loop consists of the inloop and outloop.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 6. 6. Loop: Refers to an operation for cable troubleshooting. After setting. Check the back transmission signal at the source end to check whether there is something wrong with the line. to transmit the received signal back to the signal source end at the assigned site (or the loop site). set the bandwidth to 7M QPSK and configure the fixed frequency (the minimum frequency is +3. Ltd 16 . if the loop is performed through the signal spill-over. that is.5 MHz at the Tx low site). Those ODUs. and the value of the receiving power varies with different frequency band. In addition. the modulation mode is QPSK and the bandwidth keeps unchanged.7 ODU Radio-Frequency Loop and the Support status of Various ODUs 1. ODUs made by Comba do not support the radio-frequency function. 2. the receiving power will change after the configuration. The ODU inloop can be performed through signal spill-over.5dB. including the RBM and the XMC ODU..5 MHz at the Tx high site while the maximum frequency is -3. At present.6 Guide for replacing HP(A)/LP(A)/SP(A)ODU with XMC Visit the support web site to view the Guide for Replacing HP (A)/LP(A)/SP(A)ODU with XMC. can support the software radio-frequency inloop. the radio-frequency supports only the inloop. Then configure the maximum transmission power as -0. The frequency and power 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The 900R3 version or later supports the coupled loop of Huawei's own ODU.

Figure a. 3.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network vary with the ODU hardware.1 shows the query method through the network management (U2000).1 Query method through the network management 6. Figure a. Therefore. Ltd 17 . The ODU barcode version supports all IDU versions. the ODU barcode can be checked on the IDU page.. Figure a.1 shows the page for query based on the network management.8 SN Code of the ODU and the Support Status of the Factory Information 1. and all ODUs support all IDU versions staring from October of 2009. 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

RG-8U cable Application scenario: 120–180 m. The ODU made by Comba does not support the TR interval configuration that is not included in the specification. 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 6. 3. however.1 Page for query based on the network management 6.10 IF Cable Mode The IF cable is used in actual application scenarios according to the IF cable length. 1/2' Cable Application scenario: 180–300 m.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network Figure a. The RBW and Huawei's own ODU can support this kind of TR interval configuration. 2. 5D cable Application scenario: 0–120 m.9 Configuration Status of the TR Interval Supported by ODU All ODU can support the TR interval configuration that is supported by the product file.. 1. Ltd 18 .

click the following link to view the section "Troubleshooting and Broken Pieces Handling" in RTN Maintenance Data Packet V2. Ltd 19 .huawei..com/support/pages/kbcenter/view/product.11 Frequency Sweep Guide and scripts For details.do? actionFlag=detailProductSimple&web_doc_id=SC0000626357&doc_type=123-2.0-20110130-A: http://support-hk. 2013-10-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.ODU Troubleshooting Guide 6 Appendix: FAQs of the Live Network 6.

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