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| Electrical O&M Manual | Project XXXXX |

www.edocuments.co.uk

4 OPERATING PROCEDURES
4 OPERATING PROCEDURES........................................................................................................... 1
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................................................................................................2 SAFETY PROCEDURES................................................................................................................................................................3 PERMITS TO WORK......................................................................................................................................................................4 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES......................................................................................................................................................4 MANUFACTURERS RECOMMENDATIONS.................................................................................................................................4 LV SWITCHBOARDS.....................................................................................................................................................................5 4.6.1 START UP PROCEDURES.........................................................................................................................................5 4.6.2 NORMAL OPERATION................................................................................................................................................6 4.6.3 EMERGENCY OPERATION........................................................................................................................................7 4.6.4 SHUT DOWN...............................................................................................................................................................7

| Your Company Name | Version 1.0

Section: 4 OPERATING PROCEDURES

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1 INTRODUCTION This Section of the Manual provides routine operating information for the system installed.uk 4. The services to the premises will have been energised and set to work with tests carried out to ensure it’s correct operation and function particularly with regard to safety systems and interlocks. Reporting of any faults.edocuments. there are only a few tasks to perform on a regular basis. Ensuring system is tested and maintained in compliance with the relevant legislation. Fire Authority or Insurance Company requirements. | Your Company Name | Version 1. Therefore it is essential that the operative understand the system controls and settings at each stage of operation. so that they can properly react to any unexpected or unforeseen condition and take the appropriate action.co. incidents or system alterations.0 Section: 4 OPERATING PROCEDURES Page: 2 . The manufacturer’s manuals and literature must be consulted and referenced to ensure that routines are followed particularly if there is an unexpected loss or supply or service. Record keeping of any events. These Operating routines should only be carried out by trained and competent personnel who have an understanding of the systems being energised and its implication on other related systems. Codes of Practice.© | Electrical O&M Manual | Project XXXXX | www. Nature of the installation is such that other than the initial operation of dead circuits. noted and followed: • • • • • • User Pass Codes. For Specialist systems detailed in this Section as a minimum the authorised user should ensure the following operations and system information is available. Engineer Pass codes. When operating and setting equipment and systems a systematic approach must be taken. Emergency Contact Numbers.

© | Electrical O&M Manual | Project XXXXX | www.edocuments.uk 4. battery backup for emergency lighting. All fused switches. Access to switch rooms and electrical distribution equipment should be restricted to authorised. Check to ensure that all equipment access panels and doors are closed and secured. circuit protective devices etc. | Your Company Name | Version 1. 1. When switchgear.2 SAFETY PROCEDURES The following is a brief guide to the procedures that can be generally adopted minimise the risk to authorised personnel as well as protecting plant and equipment from damage. access control systems and intruder alarm systems. There are generator backed up power supplies which have automatic changeovers in the Event of power loss. equipment covers and guards are in place. 4. Check that fire-extinguishing systems are serviceable. unserviceable or unsafe. 2. Check to ensure that switch rooms. Secondary power supply systems are provided by generators. 6. WARNING – HV & LV SWITCHGEAR CARRIES VOLTAGES WHICH ARE LETHAL & MUST ONLY BE OPERATED BY AUTHORISED COMPETENT PERSONS. must be switched off and a suitable warning notice fixed in place.0 Section: 4 OPERATING PROCEDURES Page: 3 . trained and competent personnel who are likely to be engineering staff or qualified personnel working under the control of the engineering staff. must have all sources of supply isolated and prior to working on equipment. therefore every source of supply must be isolated and prior to working on equipment.co. Ensure that all tools and safety equipment are serviceable and in their proper space. Works in the HV Switchrooms to be only carried out by authorized and competent persons appointed by a qualified HV engineer. distribution boards. and plant areas are clean and free from obstruction.. fire alarms. Remote isolation for equipment must be locked off to prevent unauthorised or inadvertent re-energisation of power. DO NOT switch or replace the protective device as not only can this endanger lives but this may cause further damage to the systems or equipment served. or any other item of plant or equipment is out of service. the item in question must be electrically isolated. 3. Prior to switching on a circuit check that the equipment or outlets served to ensure equipment and switchgear are serviceable and safe to operate. Check that fire-extinguishers are in place and have been serviced. Check to ensure all equipment is properly secured. 5. If the circuit has unexpectedly stopped operating then ensure the fault-finding routines are followed.

3 PERMITS TO WORK A permit to work will be required when maintenance work can only be carried out if. Any temporary repairs effected or arrangements made during or after an emergency must be corrected as soon as it is practically possible. Never take risks in an emergency. The safety of personnel must always come first. for each emergency situation that arises has to be taken in the light of its degree of severity and the conditions prevailing at the time. after carrying out a suitable risk assessment.© | Electrical O&M Manual | Project XXXXX | www. The emergency procedures are intended as a guide only.co. 4.uk 4. 4. | Your Company Name | Version 1.5 MANUFACTURERS RECOMMENDATIONS Where the following schedules refer to specific manufacturers operation or fault finding recommendations then reference must be made to the referenced documents located within Section 7 of this manual. The document will usually need to be signed by a suitably experienced and qualified senior member of the employer’s staff. for a risk can turn a minor emergency into a major one. normal safe working practices cannot be followed.0 Section: 4 OPERATING PROCEDURES Page: 4 .edocuments. precautions to be taken and anticipated timescale. A permit to work system usually comprises of a written document which specifies the extent of the works.4 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES The emergency procedures are intended as a guide only. for each emergency situation that arises has to be taken in the light of its degree of severity and the conditions prevailing at the time.

but the circuit breaker can be closed for testing purpose. Check the transformer temperature monitoring system. LV supply cabling has been installed from the transformer LV cabinet in the substation to the LV switch panel located in the adjacent room of the Energy Centre allocated as the main LV switchroom. After storage or disconnection for a longer period.edocuments.co. | Your Company Name | Version 1. 3. one for closing and one for opening. 4.V.6 LV SWITCHBOARDS A substation has been provided on site by Scottish and Southern Energy (S&SE). terminals to check the corresponding output voltage depending on the transformation ratio. Once the transformers have been connected to the H. 2. Apply the load progressively until the rated power is reached and check the increase in temperature.6. 5. Both springs are charged in one operation. 9. Ensure power is available to both sides of the LV Switchboard via the HV/LV Transformers.© | Electrical O&M Manual | Project XXXXX | www. it is recommendable to connect the transformer during four hours in no-load in order to dehumidify through core heating. mains voltage will be applied in a non-load state and observed for one hour. When the earthing switch is in closed position it will be impossible to operate the disconnector. Ensure LV ACB is in the OFF position. 8. The substation is located in a reinforced section of the Energy Centre at Ground Floor Level. There is a mechanical interlock between these two mechanisms which prevents operating of the disconnector and earthing switch when the circuit breaker is in closed position. 7. After this period it can be put into a normal operation. The lower mechanism operates the earth switch.V. The upper mechanism has two operating springs. it will be necessary to carry out a general inspection of the LV Switchboard following the manufacturers literature recommendations located in Section 7 of this manual to ensure they are safe and suitable to operate. 4.uk 4. Visually inspect the HV switches on the transformers. The voltage will be measured at the L.1 START UP PROCEDURES Prior to switching on for the first time or following a long period of shut down.0 Section: 4 OPERATING PROCEDURES Page: 5 . Open and Close the circuit breakers by operating the mechanical push buttons. 1. No anomalies should occur during this period of time. 6.

uk 10. The Main Building will remain fully operational when the mobile generator is the main power source. 13. 22. 4. Check settings/ratings of outgoing devices. Check surge protection device visual indicator shows normal. Confirm the meter readings and breaker status indication is correct on the BMS PC.edocuments. Check earth fault relay unit LED show a healthy condition (GREEN). The main LV panel has the facility to have a mobile generator connected to in the event of power failure. 14. Check metering shows voltage is present. 19. 20.6. 11. 16. Press the button to close the ACB. Check the unit shows a ‘charge’ and ‘OK’ display. 12. Close the outgoing ACB’s or MCCB’s serving the LV equipment. 15.© | Electrical O&M Manual | Project XXXXX | www. will enable progressive loading of the switchboard as the generator starts up or the main supply comes live. Visually inspect LV switchboard and ensure all outgoing devices are open. the non essential side will drop out when the main incoming breaker detects undervoltage. 17. Close the earth switch to the HV switch. and motorised MCCB's controlled and monitored by the BMS. with motorised MCCBs annotated together with BMS connections.co. 21. Essential and non essential services are detailed on the main LV Schematic drawing XXXXX. The main ACB is motorised and will automatically recharge after each closing. | Your Company Name | Version 1. Voltage should be applied to the Transformer for 1-4 hours with no load to ensure no anomalies occur. Close the incoming HV switch using the pushbuttons. Check the HV switch position indicators denote the status as ON. The generator will not automatically power up but can manually switched by the client. Cabling has been installed from the LV Switch room to the mobile generator location and a mobile generator connection pillar has been installed for connection of an 800kVA unit. Check LV voltages at transformer LV terminals and apply LV load progressively and monitor increase in temperature.2 NORMAL OPERATION The main LV Panel has an essential and non-essential side. 18.0 Section: 4 OPERATING PROCEDURES Page: 6 .

7. The MCCB’s are provided with either thermal-magnetic (TM) or electronic (STR22SE) trip units. The restricted stabilized earth fault current relay that provides zero-current differential protection of the star point winding (restricted earth fault) of a transformer. overloads and under voltage and will need to be reset as described in the Merlin Gerin literature. The units protect against fault currents and overloads and will need to be reset manually. the EPO button head can be released by twisting and unlocking the head. 2.co. Once the cause of the emergency has been resolved. The unit will need to be reset after the cause of the earth fault has been rectified.0 Section: 4 OPERATING PROCEDURES Page: 7 . The unit will need to be reset following the manufacturers instruction manual. Refer to the manufacturer’s literature for switching off the relevant protective devices. 6.3 EMERGENCY OPERATION 1. The output is monitored by the EMS.4 SHUT DOWN To totally shut down LV switchboard and relevant electrical supplies served by that switchboard: 1. 10 seconds. 3. the COMMON TRIP reset button will need to be reset before the HV VCB or LV ACB can be reset. However a quick reclosing is not possible.© | Electrical O&M Manual | Project XXXXX | www.uk 4. If the mechanism is equipped with a motor operation a reclosing will take approx. Remove control fuse or Open the HV VCB. 3. The LV side and transformer load is isolated. 4. after the cause of the fault has been rectified. | Your Company Name | Version 1. 9. The EPO buttons will when pressed lock in the depressed position. The surge protection device will operate in the event of a high voltage surge typically caused by lightning. The ACB’s are provided with microelectronic control units providing visual indication of fault currents.g. The opening spring of the HV VCB is always charged when the circuit breaker is in closed position and will then be ready to open immediately if the protection relay gives a trip signal. Open the HV VCB Main switch to isolate the HV side of the Transformer. 2.6. 5. An EPO button is provided to the LV switchboard located in the LV Switchroom. Open the Incoming LV ACB using the button. The ACB can then be manually reset following the procedure described above. after the fault has been rectified. 5. LV systems and equipment) have been switched off in a controlled manner. Ensure all electrical loads (e. Switch Generator Controls from the AUTO to OFF position to ensure they do not start.edocuments. transformer high temperature cut-out or restricted earth fault relay operating.6. NOTE: THE COMMON TRIP BUTTON MUST NOT BE OPERATED UNTIL THE CAUSE OF THE FAULT HAS BEEN INVESTIGATED AND RECTIFIED. In the event of the LV ACB or HV VCB being tripped due to operation of the EPO button. The HV VCB and LV ACB can then be reset and switched on as described previously. 4. 4. 8.

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