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Service Manual Type KVTL 100/101 Input/Output Unit

Service Manual Type KVTL 100/101 Input/Output Unit

HANDLING OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT


A person's normal movements can easily generate electrostatic potentials of several thousand volts. Discharge of these voltages into semiconductor devices when handling electronic circuits can cause serious damage, which often may not be immediately apparent but the reliability of the circuit will have been reduced. The electronic circuits of ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd products are immune to the relevant levels of electrostatic discharge when housed in their cases. Do not expose them to the risk of damage by withdrawing modules unnecessarily. Each module incorporates the highest practicable protection for its semiconductor devices. However, if it becomes necessary to withdraw a module, the following precautions should be taken to preserve the high reliability and long life for which the equipment has been designed and manufactured. 1. Before removing a module, ensure that you are at the same electrostatic potential as the equipment by touching the case. 2. Handle the module by its front-plate, frame, or edges of the printed circuit board. Avoid touching the electronic components, printed circuit track or connectors. 3. Do not pass the module to any person without first ensuring that you are both at the same electrostatic potential. Shaking hands achieves equipotential. 4. Place the module on an antistatic surface, or on a conducting surface which is at the same potential as yourself. 5. Store or transport the module in a conductive bag. More information on safe working procedures for all electronic equipment can be found in BS5783 and IEC 60147-0F. If you are making measurements on the internal electronic circuitry of an equipment in service, it is preferable that you are earthed to the case with a conductive wrist strap. Wrist straps should have a resistance to ground between 500k 10M ohms. If a wrist strap is not available, you should maintain regular contact with the case to prevent the build up of static. Instrumentation which may be used for making measurements should be earthed to the case whenever possible. ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd strongly recommends that detailed investigations on the electronic circuitry, or modification work, should be carried out in a Special Handling Area such as described in BS5783 or IEC 60147-0F.

CONTENTS

SAFETY SECTION 1. 1.1 1.1.1 1.1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3.1 2.3.2 2.4 2.4.1 2.4.2 2.4.3 2.5 2.6 2.6.1 2.6.3 2.6.4 2.6.5 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 4. 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 5. 5.1 5.1.1 5.1.2 5.1.3 5.1.4 5.1.5 5.1.6 5.1.7 5.1.8 HANDLING AND INSTALLATION General considerations Receipt of relays Electrostatic discharge (ESD) Handling of electronic equipment Relay mounting Unpacking Storage DESCRIPTION OF THE RELAYS Opto-isolated inputs/input masks Output relays/relay masks Relay logic Auxiliary timers CB control/indication (KVTL100 only) Alarms Self monitoring alarms Scheme alarms Password mode alarm Password protection Serial communication Time tagged event records Remote control functions Notes on serial port Notes on security of remote control via the serial port EXTERNAL CONNECTIONS Auxiliary supply Opto-isolated control inputs Output relays Serial communication port (K-Bus) USER INTERFACE Front plate layout Led indications Keypad Liquid crystal display MENU SYSTEM Menu contents System data User controls [SET] Control outputs [READ] Alarms [READ] Timer settings [SET] Logic functions Input masks [PWP] Relay masks [PWP]

8 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 16 16 16 16 16 17 17 18 19 20 20 21 21 22 22 23 23 23 24 25 25 27 28 28 29 29 34 35

5.2 5.2.1 5.2.2 5.2.3 5.2.4 5.2.5 5.2.6 5.2.7 5.2.8 5.2.9 5.2.10 6. 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.3.1 6.3.2 6.3.3 6.3.4 6.3.5 6.3.6 6.3.7 6.3.8 6.4 6.4.1 6.4.2 6.5 6.5.1 6.5.2 6.5.3 7. 7.1 7.1.1 7.1.2 7.2 7.2.1 7.2.2 7.3 7.4 7.4.1 7.4.2 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 7.9.1 7.9.2 7.9.3

Changing text and settings Entering passwords Changing passwords Entering text Changing function links Changing setting values Setting communication address Setting input masks Setting relay output masks Resetting values, user controls Default display (LCD) SCHEME LOGIC Function links Input masks and relay masks Auxiliary timers Auxiliary timers Aux6 timer (KVTL 100) Timer alarms Latched alarms Latched timer outputs Resetting latched timer outputs and alarms Hand/electrical resetting of latched timer outputs (KVTL 101) Latched outputs Power Off Hold function CB control/indication (KVTL 100 CB control CB indication Control of multiple breakers or isolators Remote/local control Interlocking Discrepancy alarms (KVTL 101) TECHNICAL DATA Ratings Inputs Outputs Burdens Auxiliary voltage Opto-isolated inputs Setting ranges Accuracy General for reference conditions Influencing quantities Opto-isolated control inputs Contacts Operation indicator Communication port High voltage withstand Insulation Impulse IEC 60255-5 High frequency disturbance IEC 60255-22-1/2

35 36 36 36 36 37 37 37 37 37 38 38 38 39 40 40 40 41 41 41 41 42 42 42 42 42 43 43 43 43 44 44 44 44 44 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 46 46 46 46 46 46

7.9.4 7.9.5 7.9.6 7.10 7.10.1 7.10.2 7.10.3 7.10.4 7.10.5 7.11 8. 8.1 8.1.1 8.1.2 8.1.3 8.1.4 8.1.5 8.1.6 8.1.7 8.2 8.2.1 8.3 8.3.1 8.3.2 8.3.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 9. 9.1 9.2 9.2.1 9.2.2 9.2.3 9.2.4 9.3 9.3.1 9.4 9.4.2 9.4.3

Fast transient IEC 60255-22-4 Static discharge test ANSI/IEEE standards C36.90 Environmental Temperature IEC 60068-2-3 Humidity IEC 60068-2-3 Enclosure protection IEC 60529 Vibration IEC 60255-21-1 Mechanical durability Model numbers COMMISSIONING Commissioning preliminaries Quick guide to local menu control Terminal allocation Electrostatic discharge (ESD) Inspection Earthing Test block Insulation Commissioning test notes Equipment required Auxiliary supply tests Auxiliary supply Energization from auxiliary voltage supply Field voltage Settings Opto-input checks Output relay checks Scheme tests PROBLEM SOLVING Password lost or not accepted Alarms Watchdog alarm Unconfigured or uncalibrated alarm Setting error alarm No Service alarm Records Problems with event records Communications Relay no longer responding No Response to remote control commands

46 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 48 48 48 49 49 49 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 51 51 51 52 53 53 54 54 54 54 54 55 55 55 55 55 55 56

10. 10.1 10.1.1 10.1.3 10.1.4 10.2 10.2.1 10.2.2 10.2.3 10.2.4 10.3 11. 12. 13.

MAINTENANCE Testing Alarms Output relay test Additional tests Method of repair Replacing a PCB Replacing output relays and opto-isolators Replacing the power supply board Replacing the back plane (sizes 4 & 6 cases) Recalibration LOGIC DIAGRAMS CONNECTION DIAGRAM FOR KVTL 100 COMMISSIONING TEST RECORD REPAIR FORM Figure 1: Figure 2: Figure 3: Figure 4: Figure 5: Figure 6: Figure 7: Figure 8: Figure 9: Figure 10: Figure 11a: Figure 11b: Figure 12: Connection to opto-isolated control inputs Terminal arrangement for communications Front plate layout Menu system of relay Key to symbols used in logic diagrams Operation of input/output masks. KVTL 100 auxiliary timer logic KVTL 100 Aux6 timer logic KVTL 100 CB control logic Logic diagram KVTL 100 Logic diagram KVTL 101 (continued in Figure 11b) Logic diagram KVTL 101 Typical application diagram KVTL 100

56 56 56 56 56 56 57 57 58 58 58 59 62 64 69 20 21 22 24 38 39 40 41 42 59 60 61 62

SAFETY SECTION
This Safety Section should be read before commencing any work on the equipment.

Health and safety The information in the Safety Section of the product documentation is intended to ensure that products are properly installed and handled in order to maintain them in a safe condition. It is assumed that everyone who will be associated with the equipment will be familiar with the contents of the Safety Section. Explanation of symbols and labels The meaning of symbols and labels which may be used on the equipment or in the product documentation, is given below.

Caution: refer to product documentation

Caution: risk of electric shock

Protective/safety *earth terminal

Functional *earth terminal. Note: this symbol may also be used for a protective/ safety earth terminal if that terminal is part of a terminal block or sub-assembly eg. power supply.

*Note: The term earth used throughout the product documentation is the direct equivalent of the North American term ground.

Installing, Commissioning and Servicing


Equipment connections Personnel undertaking installation, commissioning or servicing work on this equipment should be aware of the correct working procedures to ensure safety. The product documentation should be consulted before installing, commissioning or servicing the equipment. Terminals exposed during installation, commissioning and maintenance may present a hazardous voltage unless the equipment is electrically isolated. If there is unlocked access to the rear of the equipment, care should be taken by all personnel to avoid electric shock or energy hazards. Voltage and current connections should be made using insulated crimp terminations to ensure that terminal block insulation requirements are maintained for safety. To ensure that wires are correctly terminated, the correct crimp terminal and tool for the wire size should be used.

Before energising the equipment it must be earthed using the protective earth terminal, or the appropriate termination of the supply plug in the case of plug connected equipment. Omitting or disconnecting the equipment earth may cause a safety hazard. The recommended minimum earth wire size is 2.5 mm2, unless otherwise stated in the technical data section of the product documentation. Before energising the equipment, the following should be checked: Voltage rating and polarity; CT circuit rating and integrity of connections; Protective fuse rating; Integrity of earth connection (where applicable) Equipment operating conditions The equipment should be operated within the specified electrical and environmental limits. Current transformer circuits Do not open the secondary circuit of a live CT since the high voltage produced may be lethal to personnel and could damage insulation. External resistors Where external resistors are fitted to relays, these may present a risk of electric shock or burns, if touched. Battery replacement Where internal batteries are fitted they should be replaced with the recommended type and be installed with the correct polarity, to avoid possible damage to the equipment. Insulation and dielectric strength testing Insulation testing may leave capacitors charged up to a hazardous voltage. At the end of each part of the test, the voltage should be gradually reduced to zero, to discharge capacitors, before the test leads are disconnected. Insertion of modules and pcb cards These must not be inserted into or withdrawn from equipment whilst it is energised, since this may result in damage. Fibre optic communication Where fibre optic communication devices are fitted, these should not be viewed directly. Optical power meters should be used to determine the operation or signal level of the device.

Older Products
Electrical adjustments Equipments which require direct physical adjustments to their operating mechanism to change current or voltage settings, should have the electrical power removed before making the change, to avoid any risk of electric shock. Mechanical adjustments The electrical power to the relay contacts should be removed before checking any mechanical settings, to avoid any risk of electric shock. Draw out case relays Removal of the cover on equipment incorporating electromechanical operating elements, may expose hazardous live parts such as relay contacts. Insertion and withdrawal of extender cards When using an extender card, this should not be inserted or withdrawn from the equipment whilst it is energised. This is to avoid possible shock or damage hazards. Hazardous live voltages may be accessible on the extender card. Insertion and withdrawal of heavy current test plugs When using a heavy current test plug, CT shorting links must be in place before insertion or removal, to avoid potentially lethal voltages.

Decommissioning and Disposal


Decommissioning: The auxiliary supply circuit in the relay may include capacitors across the supply or to earth. To avoid electric shock or energy hazards, after completely isolating the supplies to the relay (both poles of any dc supply), the capacitors should be safely discharged via the external terminals prior to decommissioning. Disposal: It is recommended that incineration and disposal to water courses is avoided. The product should be disposed of in a safe manner. Any products containing batteries should have them removed before disposal, taking precautions to avoid short circuits. Particular regulations within the country of operation,may apply to the disposal of lithium batteries.

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Technical Specifications
Protective fuse rating The recommended maximum rating of the external protective fuse for this equipment is 16A, Red Spot type or equivalent, unless otherwise stated in the technical data section of the product documentation. Insulation class: IEC 61010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Class I EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Class I Installation Category (Overvoltage): IEC 61010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Category III EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Category III This equipment requires a protective (safety) earth connection to ensure user safety. Distribution level, fixed installation. Equipment in this category is qualification tested at 5kV peak, 1.2/50s, 500, 0.5J, between all supply circuits and earth and also between independent circuits. Compliance is demonstrated by reference to generic safety standards. Compliance with the European Commission Low Voltage Directive. Compliance is demonstrated by reference to generic safety standards.

Environment:

IEC 61010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Pollution degree 2 EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Pollution degree 2 73/23/EEC

Product safety:

EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 EN 60950: 1992/A11:1997

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Section 1.
1.1 1.1.1

HANDLING AND INSTALLATION

General considerations Receipt of relays Protective relays, although generally of robust construction, require careful treatment prior to installation on site. Upon receipt, relays should be examined immediately, to ensure no damage has been sustained in transit. If damage has been sustained during transit, a claim should be made to the transport contractor, and a ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control representative should be promptly notified. Relays that are supplied unmounted and not intended for immediate installation should be returned to their protective polythene bags.

1.1.2

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) The relays use components that are sensitive to electrostatic discharges. The electronic circuits are well protected by the metal case and the internal module should not be withdrawn unnecessarily. When handling the module outside its case, care should be taken to avoid contact with components and electrical connections. If removed from the case for storage, the module should be placed in an electrically conducting anti-static bag. There are no setting adjustments within the module and it is advised that it is not unnecessarily disassembled. Although the printed circuit boards are plugged together, the connectors are a manufacturing aid and not intended for frequent dismantling; in fact considerable effort may be required to separate them. Touching the printed circuit board should be avoided, since complementary metal oxide semiconductors (CMOS) are used, which can be damaged by static electricity discharged from the body.

1.2

Handling of electronic equipment A persons normal movements can easily generate electrostatic potentials of several thousand volts. Discharge of these voltages into semiconductor devices when handling electronic circuits can cause serious damage, which often may not be immediately apparent but the reliability of the circuit will have been reduced. The electronic circuits are completely safe from electrostatic discharge when housed in the case. Do not expose them to risk of damage by withdrawing modules unnecessarily. Each module incorporates the highest practicable protection for its semiconductor devices. However, if it becomes necessary to withdraw a module, the precautions should be taken to preserve the high reliability and long life for which the equipment has been designed and manufactured. 1. Before removing a module, ensure that you are at the same electrostatic potential as the equipment by touching the case. 2. Handle the module by its front plate, frame or edges of the printed circuit board. Avoid touching the electronic components, printed circuit track or connectors. 3. Do not pass the module to another person without first ensuring you are both at the same electrostatic potential. Shaking hands achieves equipotential. 4. Place the module on an anti-static surface, or on a conducting surface which is at the same potential as yourself. 5. Store or transport the module in a conductive bag.
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If you are making measurements on the internal electronic circuitry of an equipment in service, it is preferable that you are earthed to the case with a conductive wrist strap. Wrist straps should have a resistance to ground between 500k10M. If a wrist strap is not available, you should maintain regular contact with the case to prevent a build-up of static. Instrumentation which may be used for making measurements should be earthed to the case whenever possible. More information on safe working procedures for all electronic equipment can be found in BS5783 and IEC 60147-OF. It is strongly recommended that detailed investigations on electronic circuitry, or modification work, should be carried out in a Special Handling Area such as described in the afore-mentioned BS and IEC documents. 1.3 Relay mounting Relays are dispatched, either individually, or as part of a panel/rack assembly. If loose relays are to be assembled into a scheme, then construction details can be found in publication R7012. If an MMLG test block is to be included it should be positioned at the right hand side of the assembly (viewed from the front). Modules should remain protected by their metal case during assembly into a panel or rack. The design of the relay is such that the fixing holes are accessible without removal of the cover. For individually mounted relays, an outline diagram is normally supplied showing the panel cut-outs and hole centres. These dimensions will also be found in publication R6001. 1.4 Unpacking Care must be taken when unpacking and installing the relays so that none of the parts is damaged, or the settings altered and they must at all times be handled by skilled persons only. The installation should be clean, dry and reasonably free from dust and excessive vibration. The site should be well lit to facilitate inspection. Relays that have been removed from their cases should not be left in situations where they are exposed to dust or damp. This particularly applies to installations which are being carried out at the same time as construction work. 1.5 Storage If relays are not to be installed immediately upon receipt they should be stored in a place free from dust and moisture, in their original cartons. Where de-humidifier bags have been included in the packing they should be retained. The action of the de-humidifier crystals will be impaired if the bag has been exposed to ambient conditions and may be restored by gently heating the bag for about an hour, prior to replacing it in the carton. Dust which collects on a carton may, on subsequent unpacking, find its way into the relay; in damp conditions the carton and packing may become impregnated with moisture and the de-humidifier will lose its efficiency. Storage temperature 25C to +70C.

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Section 2.

DESCRIPTION OF THE RELAYS

The primary function of the KVTL 100 unit is to provide inputs which will allow noncommunicating devices such as CBs, isolators etc., to interface with control and monitoring equipment over the K-Bus communication link. The change of state of any opto-isolated input or relay output will create a time-tagged event in the relay event record. This event record may be accessed via the K-Bus communications link. Additional logic is also included to allow interlocking and control functions to be implemented. 2.1 Opto-isolated inputs/input masks There are eight opto-isolated control inputs to the relay. These can be energised from the relay field voltage output. The opto-isolated inputs can be arranged to perform functions as determined by the setting of the INPUT MASKS. Software filtering is applied to eliminate the adverse effects of induced ac signals in the external wiring. An input mask consists of eight bits, each bit represents an opto-isolated input. A 1 in the input mask indicates that a particular opto input, when energised, will effect the displayed control function and a 0 indicates that it will not. Input masks are OR gates, if any opto input programmed in the input mask as a 1 is on then the input mask will be turned on in the ladder. eg. If INP Aux1 is set to 00000111 then if opto inputs L0, L1 or L2 are energised the Aux1 timer will be energised. 2.2 Output relays/relay masks Eight programmable output relays are provided, each with a single make contact. These relays can be arranged to operate in response to any, or all, of the available functions by suitably setting the RELAY MASKS. A relay mask consists of eight bits, each bit represents a relay output. When the relay mask is energised in the ladder all the relays programmed in the relay mask as a 1 are turned on, eg. if RLY Aux3 is set to 01101000 then the contacts on output relays RL3, RL5 and RL6 will close when Aux3 timer has operated. In addition there is a watchdog relay for external indication of equipment failure/ healthy status. Two contacts are provided on the watchdog relay for alarm purposes, one make contact and one break contact. 2.3 2.3.1 Relay logic Auxiliary timers Six auxiliary timer elements are provided; these can be configured as delay on drop-off, delay on pick-up or pulse timers. The timers can be initiated by any of the opto-isolated control inputs and can provide an output via any of the output relays by suitably setting the input masks and relay masks. The timers can also be initiated from the USER CONTROLS menu allowing remote control of each timer. All of the timers can be blocked via each timers blocking input mask. If the timers are configured as delay on pick-up timers, the output relays operated by the timer can be selected to latch. Once operated, the latched output relays can be reset via the USER CONTROLS menu in the relay. A Power Off Hold feature can also be selected so that any latched outputs that were operated before a loss of auxiliary supply to the relay will re-energise and remain latched when the supply is restored.

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Two input masks are provided for Aux6 timer. These are connected in series in the relay logic, hence if the relevant function link is selected, both of the input masks must be on in order to initiate the timer. For further details see Section 6.1. 2.3.2 CB control/indication (KVTL100 only) Logic is provided in the relay so that CB controls can be given by the relay. If the correct user control cell is reset the CB Trip and CB Close output relays will pulse. This can be achieved by selecting USR CB Trip or USR CB Close at the relay front plate and pressing the [0] key to initiate the control. CB control input masks are also provided. These can be used to initiate the Trip and Close pulses from an external contact. For further details see Section 6.2.1 2.3.2.2 Remote CB control Remote CB control can be performed if communications via K-Bus are available. The USR CB Trip or USR CB Close cells can be accessed via the remote PC and the Reset Cell Location command can be performed. This will pulse the CB Trip and CB Close output relays as above. For further details see Section 6.2.1 2.3.2.3 CB indication The relay can also indicate the position of the circuit breaker. The CB position can be signalled to the relay from either a 52a or 52b contact. The relay can then display CB open and CB Closed indications via the relay alarms, ie. amber LED shows CB is open, red LED indicates that the CB is closed, see Sections 2.4.2 and 6.2.2. 2.4 2.4.1 Alarms Self monitoring alarms The monitoring circuits within the relay continually perform a self test routine. Any detected loss of operation in the first instance initiates a reset sequence to return the equipment to a serviceable state. Examples of this are the main processor, the communication processor and the display processor. The voltage rails are also supervised and the processors are reset if the voltage falls outside their working range. Should the main processor fail and not restart, the watchdog relay will operate to provide an alarm. This relay will also signal an alarm on loss of the energising auxiliary supply. In addition, the memory of the relay is checked for possible corruption of data and any detected errors will result in an alarm being generated. An amber alarm LED indicates several states which can be identified by viewing the alarm flags that are to be found in the SYSTEM DATA column of the menu, see Section 5.1.1. No control will be possible via the key pad if the Unconfigured alarm is raised because the relay will be locked in a non operate-state. 2.3.2.1 Local CB control

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2.4.2

Scheme alarms In addition to the hardware alarms, 8 scheme alarms can be selected to operate from the ladder diagram. These can indicate either the state of the circuit breaker or display the state of the timer elements. If circuit breaker status is selected to give an alarm output, by selection of Scheme Fn Lnks 1-link 3, the amber LED can indicate that the CB is open and the red LED can indicate that the CB is closed. CB position is provided to the KVTL 100 via the INP CB AuxSwitch input mask. If circuit breaker status is not selected to give an alarm, the operation of each timer element can be selected to give an alarm by selection of the relevant function links. The amber LED can indicate operation of timers 1 to 3, The red LED can indicate operation of timers 4 to 6. If any alarms are enabled, the text will overwrite the default display. When more than one alarm is active the display can be set to scroll through the active alarm list, see LOG Rotation in Logic Functions menu, Section 5.1.6.

2.4.3

Password mode alarm In addition to the hardware and scheme alarms listed above, the amber LED will flash when the relay password has been entered.

2.5

Password protection Password protection is only provided for the configuration settings of the relay, ie. input mask and relay mask settings that will affect the external connections to the relay. Individual protection settings are protected from change when the relay cover is in place.

2.6

Serial communication Serial communications are supported over K-Bus, a multidrop network that readily interfaces to IEC 60870-5 FT1.2 Standards. The language and protocol used for communication is Courier. It has been especially developed to enable Generic Master Station Programs to access many different types of relay without continual modification to the Master Station Program. The relays form a distributed database for the Master Station and may be polled for any information required. This includes: 1. Measured values 2. Menu text 3. Settings and setting limits 4. Event records 5. Disturbance records 6. Plant status 7. Control status a 16 bit word wherein the individual bits are assigned in the ladder diagram. 8. Status an eight bit word that identifies the trip and alarm state, busy state, also the presence of event and disturbance records for collection.

2.6.1

Time tagged event records An event may be a change of state of a control input or an output relay or a setting that has been changed locally. A total of 50 events may be stored in a buffer, each

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with an associated time tag. The time tag is the value of a timer counter that is incremented every 1 millisecond. The event records can be accessed via the serial communication port when the relay is connected to a suitable master station. When the relay is not connected to a master station the event records can still be extracted within certain limitations: 1. The event records can be read via the serial communication port and a K-Bus/ IEC 60870-5 interface unit will be required to enable the serial port to be connected to an IBM or compatible PC. Suitable software will be required to run on the PC so that the records can be extracted. 2. When the event buffer becomes full the oldest record is overwritten by the next event. 3. Records are deleted when the auxiliary supply to the relay is removed, to ensure that the buffer does not contain invalid data. Dual powered relays are most likely to be affected. 4. The time tag will be valid for 48 days assuming that the auxiliary supply has not been lost within that time. However, there may be an error of 4.3 seconds in every 24 hour period due to the accuracy limits of the crystal. This is not a problem when a master station is online as the relays will usually be polled once every second or so. Events that are recorded include: 1. Change in state of logic inputs. 2. Change in state of relay outputs. 3. Change to settings made locally. 4. Change in state of control outputs 5. Alarm messages 2.6.3 Remote control functions Control functions that can be performed over the serial link include the change of individual relay settings, resetting of latched output masks and CB tripping and closing. 2.6.4 Notes on serial port Each relay in the K-Series has a serial communication port configured to K-Bus standards. K-Bus is a communication interface and protocol designed to meet the requirements of communication with protective relays and transducers within the power system substation environment. It has to be as reliable as the protective relays themselves and must not result in their performance being degraded in any way. Hence error checking and noise rejection has been a major concern in its design. The communication port is based on RS485 voltage transmission and reception levels with galvanic isolation provided by a transformer. A polled protocol is used and no relay unit is allowed to transmit unless it receives a valid message, without any detected error addressed to it. Transmission is synchronous, over a pair of screened wires, and the data is FM0 coded with the clock signal to remove any dc component to enable the signal to pass through the transformers. This method of encoding the data results in the polarity of the connection to the bus wiring being unimportant.

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With the exception of the master units, each node in the network is passive and any failed unit on the system will not interfere with communication to the other units. The frame format is HDLC and the data rate is 64 kbits/second. Up to 32 units may be connected to any bus at any point over a maximum length of 1000 metres. 2.6.5 Notes on security of remote control via the serial port Access to the memory of the relay is restricted to that addressed via the menu system of the relay. In addition, all setting changes are reflexed back to the master station for verification before the EXECUTE command is issued. On reception of the execute command the new setting is checked against the limits stored in the relay before they are entered. Only then does the relay respond to the new setting. All remote commands are reflexed back to the master station for verification before they are executed and any command left set is automatically rejected if not executed within the time-out period. No replies are permitted for global commands, as this would cause contention on the bus, instead a double send is used for verification purposes with this type of command. Remote control is restricted to those functions that have been selected in the relays menu table and the selection can not be changed without entering the password. CRC and message length checks are used on each message received. No response is given for received messages with a detected error. The master station can be set to re-transmit a command a set number of times if it does not receive a reply or receives a reply with a detected error.

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Section 3.

EXTERNAL CONNECTIONS
Standard connection table

Function Earth Terminal Watchdog Relay (Break contact) 48V Field Voltage Not Used Not Used Auxiliary Voltage Input Not Used Not Used Not Used Not Used Not Used Output Relay 4 Output Relay 5 Output Relay 6 Output Relay 7 Opto Control Input L3 Opto Control Input L4 Opto Control Input L5 Opto Control Input L6 Opto Control Input L7 Common L3/L4/L5/L6/L7 (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) () (+) b [+] 1 3 5 7 9

Terminal 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 34 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 (+) (+) (+) () () m []

Function Not Used Watchdog Relay (Make contact) 48V Field Voltage Not Used Not Used Auxiliary Voltage Input Not Used Not Used Not Used Not Used Not Used Output Relay 0 Output Relay 1 Output Relay 2 Output Relay 3 Opto Control Input L0 Opto Control Input L1 Opto Control Input L2 Common L0/L1/L2 K-Bus Serial Port K-Bus Serial Port

11 13 15 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49 51 53 55

KEY TO CONNECTION TABLES [+] & [] (+) & () In / Out Note: indicate the polarity of the output from these terminals. indicate the polarity for the applied dc supply. The signal direction for the in phase condition. All relays have standard Midos terminal blocks to which connections can be made with either 4mm screws or 4.8mm pre-insulated snap-on connectors. Two connections can be made to each terminal.
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3.1

Auxiliary supply The auxiliary voltage may be ac or dc provided it is within the limiting voltages for the particular relay. The voltage range will be found on the front plate of the relay; it is marked (Vx = 24 125V) or (48 250V). An ideal supply to use for testing the relays will be 50V dc or 110V ac because these values fall within both of the auxiliary voltage ranges. The supply should be connected to terminals 13 and 14 only. To avoid any confusion it is recommended that the polarity of any applied voltage is kept to the Midos standard: For dc supplies the positive lead connected to terminal 13 and the negative to terminal 14. For ac supplies the live lead is connected to terminal 13 and the neutral lead to terminal 14. Note: To avoid damage to the relay do not connect any auxiliary supplies to terminals 7 and 8.

3.2

Opto-isolated control inputs

L0 L1 L2

46 48 50 52

46 48 50 52

L0 L1 L2

Y 8 7

_
48V

8 7 Common line

_
48V

+
Relay 1

+
Relay 2

Figure 1: Connection to opto-isolated control inputs

The opto-isolated control inputs are rated for 48V and can be energised from the isolated 48V field voltage provided on terminals 7 and 8 of the relay. Terminal 8 () can be connected to terminals 52 and 55. The opto-isolated control inputs can then be energised by connecting a volt-free contact between terminal 7 (+) and the terminal associated with the required input L0 to L7 given in the above table. The opto-isolated inputs are connected such that inputs L0, L1 and L2 have a common connection and inputs L3L7 have a separate common connection. This makes it possible to energise the opto-isolated inputs on one relay from two separate supplies if required.

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Where the opto-isolated input of more than one relay is to be controlled by the same contact it will be necessary to connect terminal 7 of each relay together to form a common line. In the example, shown in Figure 1, contact X operates L1 of relay 1 and contact Y operates L0 of relay 1 as well as L0/L1 of relay 2. L2 is not used on either relay and has no connections made to it. The circuit for each opto-isolated input contains a blocking diode to protect it from any damage that may result from the application of voltage with incorrect polarity. 3.3 Output relays There are four output relays on the microprocessor board and four on the auxiliary expansion board. These relays each have two make contacts connected in series to increase their rating. The functions to which these relays respond are selectable via the Relay Masks menu of the relay. In addition there is a watchdog relay which has one make and one break contact. Thus it can indicate both healthy and failed conditions. As these contacts are mainly used for alarm purposes, single contacts are used and their rating is therefore not quite as high as that of the programmable outputs. The terminal numbers for the output relay contacts are given in the table at the start of Section 3. 3.4 Serial communication port (K-Bus)

Figure 2: Terminal arrangement for communications

Connection to the K-Bus port is by standard Midos 4mm screw terminals or snap-on connectors. A twisted pair of wires is all that is required; the polarity of connection is not important. It is recommended that an outer screen is used with an earth connected to the screen at the master station end only. Termination of the screen is effected with the U shaped terminal supplied and which has to be secured with a self tapping screw in the hole in the terminal block just below terminal 56.
21

56

54

Operation has been tested up to 1,000 metres with cable to: DEF Standard 1622c 16/0.2mm dia 40m/m per core 171pf/m core/core 288pf/m core/screen The minimum requirement to communicate with the relay is a K-Bus/IEC 60870-5 converter box Type KITZ101 and suitable software to run on an IBM or compatible personal computer.

Section 4.

USER INTERFACE

The interface provides the user with a means of entering settings to the relay and of interrogating the relays to retrieve recorded data. 4.1 Front plate layout

Relay types

Model number

KVTL 100
Liquid crystal display LED indicators

KVTL10001D12AEA No P967701

Serial number

FEDCBA9876543210
AUX 1 AUX 2 AUX 3 AUX 4 AUX 5 AUX 6

Digit identifiers
ALARM

ALARM HEALTHY

Entry keys

0
RESET

Ratings
In 1 A Vx 110/125 V V Hz Vn

Figure 3: Front plate layout


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The front plate of the relay carries an identification label at the top corner. This identifies the relay by both its model number and serial number. This information is required when making any enquiry to the factory about a particular relay because it uniquely specifies the product. In addition there is a rating label in the bottom corner which gives details of the auxiliary voltage rating. Two handles, one at the top and one at the bottom of the front plate, will assist in removing the module from the case. Three light emitting diodes (LEDs) provide status indication and in addition there may be a liquid crystal display and a four key pad for access to settings and other readable data. 4.2 LED indications The three LEDs provide the following functions: GREEN LED Indicates the relay is powered up and running. In most cases it follows the watchdog relay. YELLOW LED 1). Indicates alarm conditions that have been detected by the relay during its self checking routine. 2). Flashes when the password is entered (password inhibition temporarily overridden). 3). Indicates alarm condition(s) entered in the ladder diagram have occurred. RED LED Indicates alarm condition(s) entered in the ladder diagram have occurred. 4.3 Keypad Four keys on the front plate of the relay enable the user to select the data to be displayed and settings to be changed. The keys perform the following functions: [F] [+] [] [0] 4.4 FUNCTION SELECT KEY INCREMENT VALUE KEY DECREMENT VALUE KEY RESET/ESCAPE KEY

Liquid crystal display The liquid crystal display (LCD) has two lines, each of sixteen characters, that are used to display settings, measured values and records which are extracted from the relays data bank. A backlight is activated when any of the keys on the front plate of the relay is momentarily pressed. This enables the display to be read in all conditions of ambient lighting. The numbers printed on the front plate just below the display identify the individual digits that are displayed for some of the settings, ie. function links, relay masks etc.

23

Section 5.

MENU SYSTEM

Data within the relays is accessed via a MENU table. The table is divided into columns and rows to form cells, rather like a spreadsheet. Each cell may contain text, values, limits and functions. The first cell in a column contains a heading which identifies the data grouped on that column.

F1

F2

F3

F4

F5

F
LONG

F
LONG

F
LONG

F
LONG

F
LONG

F SHORT

F SHORT

F SHORT

F SHORT

F SHORT

Figure 4: Menu system of relay

Four keys on the front plate of the relay allow the menu to be scanned and the contents displayed on a two line by sixteen character liquid crystal display (LCD). The act of depressing any key will result in the LCD backlight being switched on. The backlight will turn off again if a key is not pressed again within one minute. The display will normally be the selected default setting and a momentary press of the function key [F] will change the display to the heading for the first column, SYSTEM DATA. Further momentary presses of the [F] key will step down the column, row by row, so that data may be read. If at any time the [F] key is pressed and held for one second the cursor will be moved to the top of the next column and the heading for that column will be displayed. Further momentary presses of the [F] key will then move down the new column, row by row. In this way the full menu of the relay may be scanned with just one key, the [F] key, and this key is accessible with the cover in place on the relay. The other key that is accessible with the cover in place is the reset key [0]. A momentary press of this key will switch on the back light for the LCD without changing the display in any way. To change any setting the cover has to be removed from the relay to gain access to the [+] and [] keys, which are used to increment or decrement a setting value or reset a counter value to zero. When a column heading is displayed the [] key will change the display to the next column and the [+] key will change the display to the previous column, giving a faster selection.

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When a cell containing a relay setting is displayed the action of pressing either the [+] or [] keys will indicate to the relay that a value is to be changed and a flashing cursor will appear on the display. To escape from the setting mode, without making any change, the [0] key should be depressed for one second. For instruction on how to change the various types of settings refer to Section 5.2. 5.1 Menu contents Related data and settings are grouped together in separate columns of the menu. Each column has a text heading that identifies the data contained in that column. Each cell may contain text, values, limits and/or a function. The cells are referenced by the column number/row number. For example 0201 is column 02, row 01. The full menu contents is given in the following notes. The menu cells that are read only are marked [READ] . Cells that can be set are marked [SET]. Cells that can be reset are marked [RESET]. Cells that are password protected are marked [PWP]. 5.1.1 System data 0002 SYS Password [PWP] The selected configuration of the relay is locked under this password and cannot be changed until it has been entered. Provision has been made for the user to change the password, which may consists of four upper case letters in any combination. In the event of the password becoming lost a recovery password may be obtained on request, the request must be accompanied by a note of the model and serial number of the relay. The recovery password will be unique to one relay and will not work on any other unless the user-set password is the same. 0003 SYS Function Links [PWP] These function links enable selection to be made from the system options, for example what commands over the serial link will be acted upon. LINK 0 [SYS Rem ChgStg] Set to 0, settings can only be changed at the relay. Set to 1, settings can also be changed over the communications link. LINK 7 [SYS En Log Evts ] Set to 0, changes to opto inputs and output relays do not register as events Set to 1, changes to opto inputs and output relays register as events 0004 SYS Description [PWP] This is text that describes the relay type, for example THREE PHASE OVERCURRENT. It is password protected and can be changed by the user to a name which may describe the scheme configuration of the relay if the relay is changed from the factory configuration. 0005 SYS Plant Reference [PWP] The plant reference can be entered by the user, but it is limited to 16 characters. This reference is used to identify the primary plant that the relay is associated with.

25

0006 SYS Model Number [READ] The model number that is entered during manufacture has encoded into it the mechanical assembly, ratings and configuration of the relay. It is the same as the model number printed on the front plate and this number should be quoted in any correspondence concerning the product. 0007 SYS Firmware Number [READ] The version of software and memory components is coded into this number. It cannot be changed. 0008 SYS Serial Number [READ] The serial number is the relay identity and encodes also the year of manufacture. It cannot be changed from the menu. 0009 SYS Frequency [SET] This sets sampling of the opto inputs and so should be set to the system frequency. 000A SYS Communication Level [READ] This cell will contain the communication level that the relay will support. It is used by master station programs to decide what type of commands to send to the relay. 000B SYS Relay Address [SET] An address between 1 and 254 that identifies the relay when interconnected by a communication bus. These addresses may be shared between several communication buses and therefore not all these addresses will necessarily be available on the bus to which the relay is connected. The address can be manually set. Address 0 is reserved for the automatic address allocation feature and 255 is reserved for global messages. The factory set address is 255. 000C SYS Plant Status [READ] Plant status is a 16 bit word which is used to transport plant status information over the communication network. The various bit pairs are pre-allocated to specific items of plant. 000D SYS Control Status [READ] The control status acts like software contacts to transfer data from the relay to the master station controlling communications. For example it may be used by a frequency relay to transfer data to indicate different levels of load shedding that may be initiated by the master station. In the autoreclose relays, the function of each bit is defined in the ladder diagram, and a description of the function of the bit is entered. The description will be displayed in the CONTROL OUTPUTS menu column, along with its state (ON or OFF). 0011 SYS Software Ref [READ] The version of operating system software is encoded into this number. It cannot be changed. 0012 SYS Ladder Ref [READ] The version of ladder diagram software is encoded into this number. It cannot be changed.

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0020 SYS Opto status [READ] Displays the status of the opto inputs. 1 indicates the input is on, 0 indicates it is off. 0021 SYS relay status [READ] Displays the status of the output relays. 1 indicates the relay is on, 0 indicates it is off. 0022 SYS Alarms [READ] This consists of seven characters that may be either 1 or 0 to indicate the set and reset states of the alarm. The control keys perform for this menu cell in the same way as they do for Function Links and, if this cell is selected with the function key [F], the relay can then put in the setting mode by pressing the [+] key. The [F] can then be used to step the cursor to each bit in the alarm status word and text describing the alarm state indicated by the bit selected with the cursor, will be displayed as the cursor passes over the individual bits. The numbers printed on the front plate of the relay under the display identify the individual bits in the alarm record. Bit position 6543210 Unconfig Uncalib Setting No Service No Samples No Fourier Scheme Alarm. 5.1.2 User controls [SET] 8 user controls are provided. They are used to unlatch any latched output masks and are used to provide local/remote CB control. Any displayed user control can be operated by pressing the [0] key. 0101 0102 0103 0104 0105 0106 0107 KVTL 100 0108 USR Close CB = [0] USR USR USR USR USR USR USR Reset Aux1 = [0] Reset Aux2 = [0] Reset Aux3 = [0] Reset Aux4 = [0] Reset Aux5 = [0] Reset Aux6 = [0] Trip CB = [0] Pressing Pressing Pressing Pressing Pressing Pressing Pressing mask [0] [0] [0] [0] [0] [0] [0] key key key key key key key will will will will will will will reset the Aux1 latched output reset the Aux2 latched output reset the Aux3 latched output reset the Aux4 latched output reset the Aux5 latched output reset the Aux6 latched output pulse the RLY CB Trip output relay not operational needs to be configured relay software is running uncalibrated calibration error relay software is running possible setting error relay is out of service relay sampling but not out of service relay not performing Fourier on the data but not out of service see the scheme alarms column or default display

Pressing [0] key will pulse the RLY CB Close output mask Pressing [0] key will reset the Aux5 latched output Pressing [0] key will reset the Aux6 latched output Pressing [0] key will initiate Aux1 timer

KVTL 101

0107 USR Reset Aux7 = [0] 0108 USR Reset Aux8 = [0] 0109 USR Init Aux1 = [0]

27

010A USR Init Aux2 010B USR Init Aux3 010C USR Init Aux4 010D USR Init Aux5 010E USR Init Aux6 KVTL 101 5.1.3 010F USR Init Aux7 0110 USR Init Aux8 Control outputs [READ]

= = = = =

[0] [0] [0] [0] [0]

Pressing Pressing Pressing Pressing Pressing

[0] [0] [0] [0] [0]

key key key key key

will will will will will

initiate initiate initiate initiate initiate

Aux2 Aux3 Aux4 Aux5 Aux6

timer timer timer timer timer

= [0] = [0]

Pressing [0] key will initiate Aux7 timer Pressing [0] key will initiate Aux8 timer

12 control outputs are provided. These allow the state of the auxiliary timer elements to be displayed at the relay LCD display. Each displayed output consists of some text describing its function and its state (ON or OFF). ie. CTL Aux1 Blkd ON will indicate that the Aux1 timer is being blocked. 0201 0202 0203 0204 0205 0206 0207 0208 0209 020A 020B 020C 020D 020E KVTL 101 020F 0210 5.1.4 CTL CTL CTL CTL CTL CTL CTL CTL CTL CTL CTL CTL CTL CTL CTL CTL Aux1 Aux1 Aux2 Aux2 Aux3 Aux3 Aux4 Aux4 Aux5 Aux5 Aux6 Aux6 Aux7 Aux7 Aux8 Aux8 Blkd Timing Blkd Timing Blkd Timing Blkd Timing Blkd Timing Blkd Timing Blkd Timing Blkd Timing ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = Aux1 Aux1 Aux2 Aux2 Aux3 Aux3 Aux4 Aux4 Aux5 Aux5 Aux6 Aux6 Aux7 Aux7 Aux8 Aux8 timer timer timer timer timer timer timer timer timer timer timer timer timer timer timer timer is is is is is is is is is is is is is is is is blocked timing blocked timing blocked timing blocked timing blocked timing blocked timing blocked timing blocked timing via INP Blk Aux1 input mask via INP Blk Aux2 input mask via INP Blk Aux3 input mask via INP Blk Aux4 input mask via INP Blk Aux5 input mask via INP Blk Aux6 input mask via INP Blk Aux7 input mask via INP Blk Aux8 input mask

Alarms [READ] Alarms generated by the relay ladder logic will be displayed under this menu. Only the active alarms are displayed. NO ALARMS ENABLED will be displayed if there are no active alarms. Relevant Logic Function Links must be selected before any alarm can be activated, see Section 5.11.1.

0601 0602 0603 0604 KVTL 100 060D 060E 060F 0610 0611

Aux4 Operated RED LED Aux5 Operated RED LED Aux6 Operated RED LED CB Closed RED LED Aux1 Operated AMBER LED Aux2 Operated AMBER LED Aux3 Operated AMBER LED CB Open AMBER LED NO ALARMS ENABLED

Active when Aux4 timer output is on Active when Aux5 timer output is on Active when Aux6 timer output is on Active when CB is closed Active when Aux1 timer output is on Active when Aux2 timer output is on Active when Aux3 timer output is on Active when CB is open This message is displayed if no alarms are enabled.

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0601 0602 0603 0604 KVTL 101 0609 060A 060B 060C 0611

Aux5 Operated Aux6 Operated Aux7 Operated Aux8 Operated Aux1 Operated Aux2 Operated Aux3 Operated Aux4 Operated Reset Alarms = [0]

RED LED RED LED RED LED RED LED AMBER LED AMBER LED AMBER LED AMBER LED

0612 NO ALARMS ENABLED 5.1.5 Timer settings [SET]

Active when Aux5 timer output is on Active when Aux6 timer output is on Active when Aux7 timer output is on Active when Aux8 timer output is on Active when Aux1 timer output is on Active when Aux2 timer output is on Active when Aux3 timer output is on Active when Aux4 timer output is on Reset any latched alarms/dpu timers when [0] key is pressed This message is displayed if no alarms are enabled.

The time delays for the six auxiliary timer elements and the CB control trip and close pulses are displayed here. The time delays can be set in the range 0.01s to 9999s. 0801 0802 0803 0804 0805 0806 0807 KVTL 100 0808 0807 KVTL 101 0808 5.1.6 TMR TMR TMR TMR TMR TMR TMR TMR TMR TMR tAux1 tAux2 tAux3 tAux4 tAux5 tAux6 tTRIP tCLOSE tAux7 tAux8 Aux1 time delay Aux2 time delay Aux3 time delay Aux4 time delay Aux5 time delay Aux6 time delay Circuit breaker trip pulse setting Circuit breaker close pulse setting Aux7 time delay Aux8 time delay

Logic functions 0A01 Scheme Fn. Lnks 1 [SET] (KVTL 100) LINK 0 LINK 1 CB Aux = 52A PWROFFH 1 = CB position indicated by 52A contact 0 = CB position indicated by 52B contact 1 = latched output relays will remain latched following restoration of auxiliary supply following a power failure 1 = Enables remote control of CB 1 = CB status will be indicated by alarm LEDs and LCD display Note this will prevent operation of any timer alarms 1 = Aux1 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux1 is delay on drop off timer 1 = Aux1 is pulse timer 1 = Output of Aux1 dpu timer will latch 1 = Aux1 output will produce an alarm, subject to state of LINK3
29

LINK 2 LINK 3

Rem CB Control Alrm CB status

LINK 4 LINK 5 LINK 6 LINK 7

Aux1 DDO/DPU Aux1 PLS Aux1 Latch DPU Aux1 Alrm

LINK 8 LINK 9 LINK A LINK B LINK C LINK D LINK E LINK F

Aux2 DDO/DPU Aux2 PLS Aux2 Latch DPU Aux2 Alrm Aux3 DDO/DPU Aux3 PLS Aux3 Latch DPU Aux3 Alrm

1 = Aux2 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux2 is delay on drop off timer 1 = Aux2 is pulse timer 1 = Output of Aux2 dpu timer will latch 1 = Aux2 output will produce an alarm, subject to state of LINK3 1 = Aux3 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux3 is delay on drop off timer 1 = Aux3 is pulse timer 1 = Output of Aux3 dpu timer will latch 1 = Aux3 output will produce an alarm, subject to state of LINK3 1 = Aux4 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux4 is delay on drop off timer 1 = Aux4 is pulse timer 1 = Output of Aux4 dpu timer will latch 1 = Aux4 output will produce an alarm, subject to state of Scheme Fn Lnks1 LINK3 1 = Aux5 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux5 is delay on drop off timer 1 = Aux5 is pulse timer 1 = Output of Aux5 dpu timer will latch 1 = Aux5 output will produce an alarm, subject to state of Scheme Fn Lnks1 LINK3 1 = Aux6 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux6 is delay on drop off timer 1 = Aux6 is pulse timer 1 = Output of Aux6 dpu timer will latch 1 = Aux6 output will produce an alarm, subject to state of Scheme Fn Lnks1 LINK3 1 = Aux6 A and Aux6 B input masks must be on to operate Aux6 timer 1 = Enable remote control of Aux1 and Aux2 timers 1 = Enable remote control of Aux3 and Aux4 timers 1 = Enable remote control of Aux5 and Aux6 timers 1 = Enables discrepancy alarm relay masks 1 = Latched output relays will remain latched following restoration of auxiliary supply following a power failure
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0A02 Scheme Fn. Lnks 2 [SET] (KVTL 100) LINK 0 LINK 1 LINK 2 LINK 3 LINK 4 LINK 5 LINK 6 LINK 7 LINK 8 LINK 9 LINK A LINK B LINK C LINK D LINK E LINK F Aux4 DDO/DPU Aux4 PLS Aux4 Latch DPU Aux4 Alrm Aux5 DDO/DPU Aux5 PLS Aux5 Latch DPU Aux5 Alrm Aux6 DDO/DPU Aux6 PLS Aux6 Latch DPU Aux6 Alrm Aux6 AND I/P A,B Rem Cntrl Aux1,2 Rem Cntrl Aux3,4 Rem Cntrl Aux5,6

0A01 Scheme Fn. Lnks 1 [SET] (KVTL 101) LINK 0 LINK 1 DscAlrm PWROFFH

LINK 2 LINK 3

Rem Timer Cntrl Elect/[0] RESET

LINK 4 LINK 5 LINK 6 LINK 7 LINK 8 LINK 9 LINK A LINK B LINK C LINK D LINK E LINK F

Aux1 DDO/DPU Aux1 PLS Aux1 Latch DPU Aux2 DDO/DPU Aux2 PLS Aux2 Latch DPU Aux3 DDO/DPU Aux3 PLS Aux3 Latch DPU Aux4 DDO/DPU Aux4 PLS Aux4 Latch DPU

1 = Enable remote control of timers 1 = Latched outputs can be reset by energisation of Blk/Rst input mask or by pressing the [0] key on the relay front panel 1 = Aux1 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux1 is delay on drop off timer 1 = Aux1 is pulse timer 1 = Aux1 dpu timer output will latch 1 = Aux2 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux2 is delay on drop off timer 1 = Aux2 is pulse timer 1 = Aux2 dpu timer output will latch 0 = Aux2 alarm will reset with Aux2 output 1 = Aux3 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux3 is delay on drop off timer 1 = Aux3 is pulse timer 1 = Aux3 dpu timer output will latch 0 = Aux3 alarm will reset with Aux3 output 1 = Aux4 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux4 is delay on drop off timer 1 = Aux4 is pulse timer 1 = Aux4 dpu timer output will latch 0 = Aux4 alarm will reset with Aux4 output

0A02 Scheme Fn. Lnks 2 [SET] (KVTL 101) LINK 0 Aux5 PLS/DPU 1 = Aux5 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux5 is pulse timer LINK 1 Aux5 Latch DPU 1 = Aux5 dpu timer output will latch LINK 2 Aux6 PLS/DPU 1 = Aux6 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux6 is pulse timer LINK 3 Aux6 Latch DPU 1 = Aux6 dpu timer output will latch LINK 4 Aux7 PLS/DPU 1 = Aux7 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux7 is pulse timer LINK 5 Aux7 Latch DPU 1 = Aux7 dpu timer output will latch LINK 6 Aux8 PLS/DPU 1 = Aux8 is delay on pickup timer 0 = Aux8 is pulse timer LINK 7 Aux8 Latch DPU 1 = Aux8 dpu timer output will latch LINK 8 Aux1/2 Alrm 1 = Aux1 and Aux2 output will produce an alarm LINK 9 Aux1/2 HR Alrm 1 = Aux1 and Aux2 alarms will latch 0 = Aux1 and Aux2 alarms will reset with respective outputs LINK A Aux3/4 Alrm 1 = Aux3 and Aux4 output will produce an alarm LINK B Aux3/4 HR Alrm 1 = Aux3 and Aux4 alarms will latch 0 = Aux3 and Aux4 alarms will reset with respective outputs LINK C Aux5/6 Alrm 1 = Aux5 and Aux6 output will produce an alarm

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LINK D

Aux5/6 HR Alrm

LINK E LINK F

Aux7/8 Alrm Aux7/8 HR Alrm

1 = Aux5 and 0 = Aux5 and respective 1 = Aux7 and 1 = Aux7 and 0 = Aux7 and respective

Aux6 alarms will latch Aux6 alarms will reset with outputs Aux8 output will produce an alarm Aux8 alarms will latch Aux8 alarms will reset with outputs

0A03 LOG Input Status [READ] Displays the status of each of the 16 input masks in the ladder. A 1 indicates that the input mask is on. BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT KVTL 100 BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT KVTL 101 BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT BIT 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP Blk Aux1 Aux1 Blk Aux2 Aux2 Blk Aux3 Aux3 Blk Aux4 Aux4 Blk Aux5 Aux5 Blk Aux6 Aux6 A Aux6 B Ltrip Lclose CB AuxSwitch Blk/Rst Aux1 Aux1 Blk/Rst Aux2 Aux2 Blk/Rst Aux3 Aux3 Blk/Rst Aux4 Aux4 Blk/Rst Aux5 Aux5 Blk/Rst Aux6 Aux6 A Blk/Rst Aux7 Aux7 Blk/Rst Aux8 Aux8

32

0A04 LOG Output Status [READ] Displays the status of each of the output masks in the ladder. A 1 indicates that the output mask is on. BIT 0 RLY Aux1 BIT 1 RLY Aux2 BIT 2 RLY Aux3 BIT 3 RLY Aux4 BIT 4 RLY Aux5 BIT 5 RLY Aux6 KVTL 100 BIT 6 BIT 7 6 7 8 9 A B RLY CB Trip RLY CB Close RLY RLY RLY RLY RLY RLY Aux7 Aux8 DscAlrm1 DscAlrm2 DscAlrm3 DscAlrm4 Selects the default display [SET]

BIT BIT BIT KVTL 101 BIT BIT BIT

0A05 LOG DefaultDsply The selection can be: 1. 2. 3. 4.

This setting selects the item that will be displayed as the default display. The manufacturers name (ALSTOM P&C K-SERIES MIDOS) The ladder reference (I/O Module) Relay description (defined in SYS Description) Plant Reference (defined in SYS Plant Ref.).

0A06 LOG Rotation [SET] If Every 5 seconds is selected the alarm list will scroll on the LCD display, showing each active alarm at 5 second intervals. If Press [F] key is selected the active alarm list can be stepped through by pressing the [F] key. 0A07 LOG TEST RELAYS Select [PWP] Selects output relays which will change state when cell 0A08 is reset. See cell 0A08 below. 0A08 LOG TEST RELAYS = [0] [PWP] Relays selected above will change state when [0] key is pressed.

33

5.1.7

Input masks [PWP] 8 opto inputs are provided that can be programmed to operate each of the 16 input masks in the ladder diagram. Input masks are OR gates, if any opto input programmed in the input mask as a 1 is on then the input mask will be turned on in the ladder. eg. If INP Aux1 is set to 00000111 then if opto inputs L0, L1 or L2 are energised the Aux1 timer will be energised.

0B01 0B02 0B03 0B04 0B05 0B06 0B07 0B08 KVTL 100 0B09 0B0A 0B0B 0B0C 0B0D 0B0E 0B0F 0B10 0B01 0B02 0B03 0B04 0B05 0B06 0B07 0B08 KVTL 101 0B09 0B0A 0B0B 0B0C 0B0D 0B0E 0B0F 0B10

INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP

Blk Aux1 Aux1 Blk Aux2 Aux2 Blk Aux3 Aux3 Blk Aux4 Aux4 Blk Aux5 Aux5 Blk Aux6 Aux6 A Aux6 B Ltrip CB Lclose CB CB AuxSwitch Blk/Rst Aux1 Blk/Rst Aux2 Blk/Rst Aux3 Blk/Rst Aux4 Blk/Rst Aux5 Blk/Rst Aux6 Blk/Rst Aux7 Blk/Rst Aux8 Aux1 Aux2 Aux3 Aux4 Aux5 Aux6 Aux7 Aux8

Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs Inputs

to block tAux1 to initiate tAux1 to block tAux2 to initiate tAux2 to block tAux3 to initiate tAux3 to block tAux4 to initiate tAux4 to block tAux5 to initiate tAux5 to block tAux6 A to initiate tAux6 B to initiate tAux6 to initiate CB trip pulse timer to initiate CB close pulse timer to indicate position of circuit breaker to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to block tAux1 initiate tAux1 block tAux2 initiate tAux2 block tAux3 initiate tAux3 block tAux4 initiate tAux4 block tAux5 initiate tAux5 block tAux6 initiate tAux6 block tAux7 initiate tAux7 block tAux8 initiate tAux8

34

5.1.8

Relay masks [PWP] Eight output relays are provided; these can be programmed to operate from any of the output masks in the ladder diagram. When the output mask is energised in the ladder, all the relays programmed in the output mask as a 1 are turned on, eg. if RLY Aux3 is set to 01101000 then the contacts on output relays RL3, RL5 and RL6 will close when Aux3 timer has operated. 0C01 0C02 0C03 0C04 0C05 0C06 RLY RLY RLY RLY RLY RLY Aux1 Aux2 Aux3 Aux4 Aux5 Aux6 Relays Relays Relays Relays Relays Relays to to to to to to be be be be be be operated operated operated operated operated operated by by by by by by Aux1 Aux2 Aux3 Aux4 Aux5 Aux6 timer timer timer timer timer timer

KVTL 100

0C07 0C08 0C07 0C08 0C09

RLY CB Trip RLY CB Close RLY Aux7 RLY Aux8 RLY DscAlrm1 RLY DscAlrm2 RLY DscAlrm3 RLY DscAlrm4

Relays to provide trip signal to circuit breaker Relays to provide close signal to circuit breaker Relays to be operated by Aux7 timer Relays to be operated by Aux8 timer Relays to be operated for the descrepancy alarm for INP Blk/Rst Aux1 and INP Blk/Rst Aux2 inputs Relays to be operated for the descrepancy alarm for INP Blk/Rst Aux3 and INP Blk/Rst Aux4 inputs Relays to be operated for the descrepancy alarm for INP Blk/Rst Aux51 and INP Blk/Rst Aux6 inputs Relays to be operated for the descrepancy alarm for INP Blk/Rst Aux7 and INP Blk/Rst Aux8 inputs

KVTL 101 0C0A 0C0B 0C0C 5.2

Changing text and settings To Enter the Setting Mode Settings and text in certain cells of the menu can be changed via the user interface. To do this the cover must be removed from the front of the relay to gain access to the [+] & [] keys. Give the [F] key a momentary press to change from the selected default display and switch on the backlight; the heading SYSTEM DATA will be displayed. Use the [+] & [] keys, or a long [F] key press, to select the column containing the setting or text cell that is to be changed. Then with the [F] key, step down the column until the contents of the cell are displayed. Press the [+] or [] key to put the relay into the setting mode, which will be indicated by a flashing cursor on the bottom line of the display. If the cell is a read-only cell then the cursor will not appear and the relay will not be in the setting mode. To escape from the Setting Mode To escape from the setting procedure without effecting any change, hold the [0] key depressed for one second. The original setting will be retained To accept the New Setting Press the [F] key until the display reads: Are You Sure? + = YES = NO 1. Press the [0] key if you decide not to make any change.
35

2. Press the [] key if you want to further modify the data before entry. 3. Press the [+] to accept the change. This will terminate the setting mode. 5.2.1 Entering passwords The [+] & [] keys can be used to select a character at the position of the cursor. When the desired character has been set the [F] key can be given a momentary press to move the cursor to the position for the next character. The process can then be repeated to enter all four characters that make up the password. When the fourth character is acknowledged by a momentary press of the [F] key the display will read: Are You Sure? + = YES = NO 1. Press the [0] key if you decide not to enter the password. 2. Press the [] key if you want to modify the entry. 3. Press the [+] to enter the password. The display will then show four stars **** and if the password was accepted the yellow LED will flash. If the password is not accepted a further attempt can be made to enter it, or the [0] key used to escape. Password protection is reinstated when the alarm LED stops flashing, two minutes after the last key press, or by selecting the PASSWORD cell and pressing the [0] key for more than one second. 5.2.2 Changing passwords After entering the current password and it is accepted, as indicated by the alarm LED flashing, the [F] key is pressed momentarily to move to the next menu cell. If instead, it is required to enter a new password, the [+] key must be pressed to select the setting mode. A new password can be entered with the same procedure described in Section 5.2.1. Only capital (upper case) letters may be used for the password. BE SURE TO MAKE A NOTE OF THE PASSWORD BEFORE ENTERING IT ACCESS WILL BE DENIED WITHOUT THE CORRECT PASSWORD. 5.2.3 Entering text Enter the setting mode as described in Section 5.2 and move the cursor with the [F] key to where the text is to be entered or changed. Then using the [+] & [] key select the character to be displayed. The [F] key may then be used to move the cursor to the position of the next character and so on. Follow the instructions in Section 5.2 to exit from the setting change. 5.2.4 Changing function links Select the page heading required and step down to the cell required and press either the [+] or [] to put the relay in a setting change mode. A cursor will flash on the bottom line at the extreme left position. This is link F; as indicated by the character printed on the front plate under the display. Press the [F] key to step along the row of links, one link at a time, until some text appears on the top line that describes the function of a link. The [+] key will change the link to a 1 to set the function and the [] key will change it to a 0 to clear it. Not all links can be set, some being factory selected and locked. The links that are locked in this way are usually those for functions that are not supported by a particular relay, when they will be set to 0. Merely moving the cursor past a link position does not change it in any way.

36

5.2.5

Changing setting values Move through the menu until the cell that is to be edited is displayed. Press the [+] or [] key to put the relay into the setting change mode. A cursor will flash in the extreme left hand position on the bottom line of the display to indicate that the relay is ready to have the setting changed. The value will be incremented in single steps by each momentary press of the [+] key, or if the [+] key is held down, the value will be incremented with increasing rapidity until the key is released. Similarly, the [] key can be used to decrement the value. Follow the instructions in Section 5.2 to exit from the setting change.

5.2.6

Setting communication address The communication address will normally be set to 255, the global address to all relays on the network, when the relay is first supplied. Reply messages are not issued from any relay for a global command, because they would all respond at the same time and result in contention on the bus. Setting the address to 255 will ensure that when first connected to the network they will not interfere with communications on existing installations. The communication address can be manually set by selecting the appropriate cell for the SYSTEM DATA column, entering the setting mode as described in Section 5.2 and then decrementing or incrementing the address. It is recommended that the user enters the plant reference in the appropriate cell and then sets the address manually to 0. The master station will then detect that a new relay has been added to the network and automatically allocate the next available address on the bus to which that relay is connected and communications will then be fully established.

5.2.7

Setting input masks To change an input mask setting select the input mask and press the [+] or [] key to put the relay into the setting change mode. A cursor will flash in the L7 opto position on the bottom line of the display to indicate that the relay is ready to have the setting changed. Use the [+] and [] keys to set the bits in the input mask to 1 or 0 as required. Press the [F] key to step to the next bit position. Follow the instructions in Section 5.2 to exit from the setting change.

5.2.8

Setting relay output masks To change an output mask setting select the output mask and press the [+] or [] key to put the relay into the setting change mode. A cursor will flash in the RL7 relay position on the bottom line of the display to indicate that the relay is ready to have the setting changed. Use the [+] and [] keys to set the bits in the output mask to 1 or 0 as required. Press the [F] key to step to the next bit position. The numbers printed on the front plate under the display indicate the number of the output relay (RLY7 to RLY0) that each bit controls. Entering a 1 means that the relay will respond to the displayed function and a 0 indicates that it will not. Follow the instructions in Section 5.2 to exit from the setting change.

5.2.9

Resetting values, user controls Some values and records can be reset to, ie. to reset a latched output mask. To achieve this the menu cell must be displayed, then the [0] key must then be held depressed for at least one second to effect the reset.

37

5.2.10

Default display (LCD) The LCD changes to a default display if no key presses are made for two minutes. The default display can be selected to any of the options listed in Section 5.1.9 LOGIC FUNCTIONS location 090E by following the setting procedure given in Section 5.2.5. The display can be returned to the default value, without waiting the two minute delay, by selecting any column heading and then holding the [0] reset key depressed for 1 second. When a scheme alarm occurs, the display changes automatically to display the alarm text. All alarms must be cleared and, if necessary, the Reset Alarms cell reset, as described in the scheme description and Section 6.8.5 respectively, before the relay returns to the selected default display.

Section 6.

SCHEME LOGIC

In this section the scheme logic is broken down into groups which are described individually. The logic is represented in a ladder diagram format and the key to the symbols used is shown in Figure 5.
INP Blk Aux1 Input mask RLY CB Trip Output mask Trip CB
0 1

Remote command

Hardware representation of software links

S7 tAux3 Time delay element

Delay on pickup Delay on drop off Pulse timer All contacts are shown in the de-energised position

Figure 5: Key to symbols used in logic diagrams

6.1

Function links To control the operation of the relay logic several function links are provided, these select or deselect functions within the relay. The function link settings are represented within two 16 bit words, Scheme Fn.Lnks1 and Scheme Fn.Lnks2. The function links
38

are implemented in software but have been drawn as mechanical links. They are shown in the factory default position for the basic factory configuration. A shortend identifier is used for the function links in the logic diagrams, eg. LOG1,5 is link 5 in LOGIC Scheme Fn.Lnks1. 6.2 Input masks and relay masks An INPUT MASK consists of eight bits, each bit represents an opto isolated input, L0L7. A "1" in the input mask indicates that a particular opto input, when energised, will effect the displayed control function and a "0" indicates that it will not. Input masks are OR gates, if any opto input programmed in the input mask as a "1" is on, then the input mask will be turned on in the ladder. eg. If INP Aux1 is set to 00000111 then if opto inputs L0, L1 or L2 are energised the Aux1 timer will be energised. A RELAY MASK consists of eight bits, each bit represents a relay output, RL0RL7. When the relay mask is energised in the ladder all the relays programmed in the relay mask as a "1" are turned on, eg. IF RLY Aux3 is set to 01101000 then the contacts on output relays RL3, RL5 and RL6 will close when Aux3 timer has operated. Figure 6 shows by example how the input and output masks may be used. Function 1 is initiated by L0 as indicated by the position of the "1" in the input mask. The input masks act as an "OR" gate so that for function 2 it is initiated by either, or both, L0 and L1, but L1 will not initiate function 1. Both functions 3 and 4 can be initiated by L3, but only function 4 is initiated by L5. Similarly the output masks can be used to direct the output of a function to any relay. The relay masks also act as "OR" gates so that several functions can be directed to a particular output relay. In the example function 1 operates relays 3 and 6, however, relay 3 is also operated by functions 2, 3 and 4.

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0

Function 1 Function 2 Function 3 Function 4

0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0

0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 L0 L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7

Logic status

Relay status

0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 RLY0 RLY1 RLY2 RLY3 RLY4 RLY5 RLY6 RLY7

Figure 6: Operation of input/output masks.

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6.3 6.3.1

Auxiliary timers Auxiliary timers Figure 7 shows how the auxiliary timer logic is arranged. Each timer may be initiated from external inputs assigned in the input masks (eg. INP Aux1) and the timer will operate the relays assigned in the output masks (eg. RLY Aux1). Initiation of each timer may be blocked from external inputs as assigned in the INP Blk input mask (KVTL 100) or INP Blk/Rst input mask (KVTL 101). Each timer may be assigned to be delay on pick-up, delay on drop off or pulsed by selection of the relevant function links. For example if function link Scheme Fn.Lnks 1 bit 5 (LOG1,5) is set to 1, Aux1 timer will operate as a pulse timer. USER CONTROLS are also provided to allow the timers to be initiated by command from a remote PC via K-Bus or from the relay key pad. For example, from a remote PC running PAST software, the USR Init Aux1 cell can be selected and the Reset Cell Location command can be used to energise the Aux1 timer. Similarly from the relay front plate USR Init Aux1 cell can be accessed and pressing the [0] key will initialise the Aux1 timer.

Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration)

LOG1,1
1 0

USR Reset Aux1


INP Blk Aux1 76543210 INP Aux1 76543210 LOG1,4
1

LOG1,6 1
1 0

R 0 S RLY Aux1 76543210 LOG1,7


1 0

&

tAux1
Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration)

LOG1,5
1 0

LOG2,D
0 1

USR Init Aux1 USR Reset Aux2


INP Blk Aux2 76543210 INP Aux2 76543210

LOG1,1
1 0

&

AlrmAux1 Operated

LOG1,A LOG1,8
1

1 0

R 0 S RLY Aux2 76543210 LOG1,B


1 0

&

tAux2

LOG1,9
0 1

LOG2,D
0 1

USR Init Aux2

&

AlrmAux2 Operated

LOG1,3
1 0

Figure 7: KVTL 100 auxiliary timer logic

6.3.2

Aux6 timer (KVTL 100) The basic operation of Aux6 timer in the KVTL 100 is identical to the other timers in the relay. However an additional input mask is included in the logic so that input AND logic can be realised, see Figure 8. With function link Scheme Fn.Lnks 2 bit C (LOG2,C) set to 1, both INP Aux6A and INP Aux6 B input masks must be ON in order to initiate tAux6 timer.

40

Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration)

LOG1,1
1 0

USR Reset Aux6


INP Blk Aux6 76543210 INP Aux6A 76543210 LOG2,F
0 1

LOG2,A LOG2,8
1

1 0

R 0 S RLY Aux6 76543210 LOG2,B


1 0

INP Aux6B 76543210 LOG2,C


0 1

&

tAux6

LOG2,9
0 1

&

AlrmAux6 Operated

USR Init Aux6

LOG1,3
1 0

Figure 8: KVTL 100 Aux6 timer logic

6.3.3

Timer alarms The operation of each Auxiliary timer can provide an alarm indication on the relay. Operation of a timer will light one of the Alarm LEDs on the relay and a relevant alarm message will be displayed on the LCD. To select a timer to provide a visual alarm the relevant function link must be set, eg. in the KVTL 101 relay, Scheme Fn.Lnks 2 bit 8 (LOG2,8) should be set to 1 to cause Aux1 to provide an alarm. The alarm will be present whilst the respective relay mask is energised. If multiple alarms are present they can be viewed sequentially by pressing the [F] key on the front of the relay. The active alarm list can be set to scroll automatically by selecting 'Every 5 seconds' in the LOG Rotation cell under Logic Functions. With this setting selected the active alarms will scroll at 5 second intervals. When an alarm is active in the KVTL 101 relay an additional cell will also be displayed in the active alarms, this cell is Reset Alarms = [0]. KVTL 101 alarms are non volatile, active alarms will re-energise following restoration of auxiliary power.

6.3.4

Latched alarms In the KVTL 101 relay the alarms can be set to latch, providing hand reset indications. This can be selected by setting the relevant function links for each timer, eg. Scheme Fn.Lnks 2 bit 9 (LOG2,9). Aux1 timer will latch when enabled.

6.3.5

Latched timer outputs If the timers are selected to be delay on pick up timers, the output of the timer can be selected to latch. This can be done by setting the relevant scheme function link. For example if function link Scheme Fn.Lnks 1 bit 4 (LOG1,4) is set to 1 and Scheme Fn.Lnks 1 bit 5 (LOG1,5) is set to 0, Aux1 timer will operate as a DPU timer. If function link Log1,6 is also set to 1 then the output of this timer will latch.

6.3.6

Resetting latched timer outputs and alarms A latched output can be reset by selecting the relevant USER CONTROL, eg. to reset the latched output of Aux1 timer, select USR Reset Aux1 and press the [0] key on the relay front plate. Latched outputs can also be reset via K-Bus at a remote station by selecting the relevant user control and executing the Reset Cell Location command. Latched outputs will be reset if auxilary power to the relay fails.

41

6.3.7

Hand/electrical resetting of latched timer outputs (KVTL 101) If function link LOG1,3 is set to 1 two additional methods of resetting latched output contacts are available. The [0] key can be used to reset any latched outputs if it is pressed when the 'Reset Alarms = [0]' cell is displayed in the alarm list. Alternatively an electrical reset signal can be given to each timer individually by energising the INP Blk/Rst input masks. A latched alarm may be reset as described above or will reset if the 'Reset Alarms = [0]' cell is displayed in the alarm list and the [0] key is pressed, irrespective of the state of the LOG1,3 function link. These functions are available on the KVTL 101 only.

6.3.8

Latched outputs Power Off Hold function If function link LOG1,1 is set to 1 any latched outputs will re-energise and remain latched after the power is restored to the relay following a break in supply.

6.4 6.4.1

CB control/indication (KVTL 100) CB control Figure 9 shows the CB control logic. The relay can provide a trip and close pulse to the CB via the RLY CB Trip and RLY CB Close relay masks. The pulse duration can be set in the tTRIP and tCLOSE settings in the TIMER SETTING column of the relay menu. Trip and close signals can be initiated from a number of different sources. Input masks INP Ltrip CB and INP Lclose CB are provided so that trip and close pulses can be initiated from external contacts. Manual closure of the circuit breaker via the relay will ensure that closure does not take place unless the relay is operative. With scheme function link 1,2 set to 1 the USER CONTROLS column of the relay can be used to effect CB control from both the relay front plate and from a remote PC station via K-Bus. From a remote PC running PAST software the USR Trip CB or USR Close CB cell can be selected and by performing the Reset Cell Location command a trip or close signal can be given from the relay. Similarly from the relay front plate USR Trip CB and USR Close CB cells can be accessed and pressing the [0] key will provide the trip and close signals. The trip and close signals can be activated irrespective of the CB position.
INP Ltrip CB 76543210 INP Lclose CB 76543210 RLY CB Trip 76543210 RLY CB Close 76543210

tTRIP tCLOSE

LOG1,2
0 1

USR Trip CB USR Close CB


INP CB AuxSwitch 76543210 LOG1,0
0 1

CB Open 52a 52b TO PLANT STATUS WORD CB Closed LOG1,3


1 0

& &

AlrmCB Open AlrmCB Closed

Figure 9: KVTL 100 CB control logic

6.4.2

CB indication CB indication can be provided at the relay and in the plant status word in the SYSTEM DATA column of the relay menu. CB position can be signalled to the relay from either a 52a or 52b auxiliary contact. With function link LOG1,1 set to 1

42

circuit breaker position can be signalled from a 52a CB auxiliary contact. ie. when the CB is closed an opto-isolated input programmed in the INP CB AuxSwitch input mask can be energised, this will signal that the CB is closed. With the CB open the opto input in INP CB AuxSwitch input mask will be off and this will signal that the CB is open. If function link LOG1,1 is set to 0 the relay will expect the CB position to be provided from a 52b CB auxiliary contact and the relay will respond accordingly. To display the CB open/closed indication on the relay, function link LOG1,3 must be set to 1 so that CB position will provide an alarm condition. This will mean that the amber LED will indicate that the CB is open and the red LED will indicate that the CB is closed. 6.5 Control of multiple breakers or isolators The logic functionality of the KVTL units allows simplified control schemes, including interlocking to be easily configured. 6.5.1 Remote/local control If the auxiliary timer elements are set as pulse timers they can be used to issue control signals to circuit breakers or isolators. Initiation of the control command can be given via the remote communication connection over K-Bus via the user controls or from hard wired signals energising optically isolated inputs on the relay. The KVTL 101 has 8 auxiliary timer elements, this will allow control of 8 separate devices or trip and closing of 4 CBs or isolators. 6.5.2 Interlocking The blocking inputs on each timer element can be used to interlock the timers control signal. For example Aux1 can be used to issue a close pulse to an isolator. If an isolator closed position switch is wired to an opto-isolated input on the relay this input can be programmed into the Aux1 blocking input mask. If the input is energised the close pulse will be inhibited by the blocking signal if the isolator is closed. If Aux2 is used as the isolator opening signal the opening signal may be blocked when the isolator is already open. 6.5.3 Discrepancy alarms (KVTL 101) The discrepancy alarm function can be used to signal a discrepancy between two complimentary indications. Where under normal conditions one input should be energised whilst the other should be de-energised no alarm signal is produced. If both inputs are energised or both de-energised an alarm can be raised via a relay output mask. Four discrepancy alarm outputs are provided and these monitor the staus of the blocking input masks as shown below. Blk/Rst Aux1 Rly DscAlrm1 Blk/Rst Aux2 Blk/Rst Aux3 Rly DscAlrm2 Blk/Rst Aux4 Blk/Rst Aux5 Rly DscAlrm3 Blk/Rst Aux6 Blk/Rst Aux7 Rly DscAlrm4 Blk/Rst Aux8
43

This function may be used in conjunction with the interlocking function described in section 6.5.2 to complete the control automation for CBs or isolators. Where there are no output contacts available to provide a hard wired output the status of the discrepancy alarm output masks can be read in the LOG Outputs Status cell under the LOGIC FUNCTIONS menu, if the relevant bit is set to 1 then the discrepancy alarm is activated. See section 5.1.6. This cell may be read via the remote communications to provide remote alarm/indication.

Section 7.
7.1 7.1.1 Ratings Inputs

TECHNICAL DATA

Auxiliary voltage (Vx)

Nominal rating

Operative range dc supply ac 50/60Hz 50 133V 87 265V

Absolute maximum 190V crest 380V crest

24 125V ac/dc 19 150V 48 250V ac/dc 33 300V Opto-isolated inputs Supply 7.1.2 7.2 7.2.1 Outputs Field voltage Burdens Auxiliary voltage DC supply 2.75 3.0 W 4.0 4.5 W 7.6 8.6 W 48V dc (current limited to 60mA) Nominal rating 50V dc only

Reference range 25 60V dc only

at Vx max. with no output relays or logic inputs energized at Vx max. with 2 output relays and 2 logic inputs energized at Vx max. with all output relays and logic inputs energized at Vx max. with no output relays or logic inputs energized at Vx max. with 2 output relays and 2 logic inputs energized at Vx max. with all output relays and logic inputs energized

AC supply

4.5 9.0 VA 6.0 12.0 VA 7.5 20.0 VA

7.2.2

Opto-isolated inputs DC supply 0.25W per input (50V 10k)

44

7.3

Setting ranges Auxiliary timers tAux1 tAux2 tAux3 tAux4 tAux5 tAux6 tTRIP tCLOSE Setting range Step size

0.01 9999s

0.01 to 100s 0.1 to 1000s 1 to 9999s

7.4 7.4.1

Accuracy General for reference conditions Ambient temperature Auxiliary voltage Timers 20oC 24V to 125V (aux. powered) 48V to 250V (aux. powered)

0.5% The operating time for scheme logic functions is also affected by: The input sampling time (5/8 x system period) The number of executions of the ladder code needed to perform the function. An execution occurs every 10ms. The time for an output relay to close its contacts (typically 5ms) Operative range 25 to +55oC 1% Nominal 24/125V 48/250V Operative range 19 to 150V dc (aux. powered) 50 to 133V ac (aux. powered) 33 to 300V dc(aux. powered) 87 to 265V ac(aux. powered)

7.4.2

Influencing quantities AMBIENT TEMPERATURE Operation times AUXILIARY SUPPLY

Operation times 7.5 Capture time Release time

0.5% 12.5 2.5 ms @ 50 Hz 10.4 2.1 ms @ 60 Hz 12.5 2.5 ms @ 50 Hz 10.4 2.1 ms @ 60 Hz 5k (2 optos in parallel) >50V rms (thermal limit) >250V rms via 0.1F

Opto-isolated control inputs

Maximum series lead resistance Maximum ac induced loop voltage Maximum capacitance coupled ac voltage

45

7.6

Contacts OUTPUT RELAYS 0 TO 7 Type Rating 2 make contacts connected in series Make Carry Break 30A and carry for 0.2 seconds 5A continuous dc 50W resistive 25W inductive (L/R = 0.04s) ac 1250VA (maximum of 5A) 1 make + 1 break Make Carry Break 10A and carry for 0.2 seconds 5A continuous dc 30W resistive 15W inductive (L/R = 0.04s) ac 1250VA (maxima of 5A) Subject to maxima of 5A and 300V Subject to maxima of 5A and 300V

WATCHDOG Type Rating

7.7

Operation indicator 3 light emitting diodes internally powered. 16 character by 2 line liquid crystal display (with backlight).

7.8

Communication port Language Transmission Format Baud rate K-Bus cable K-Bus cable length K-Bus loading COURIER Synchronous RS485 voltage levels HDLC 64kbit/s Screened twisted pair 1000m of cable. 32 units (multidrop system)

7.9 7.9.1

High voltage withstand Insulation 2kV rms for one minute between all terminals and case earth, except terminal 1. 2kV rms for one minute between terminals of independent circuits, including contact circuits. 1.5kV rms across open contacts of output relays 0 to 7. 1.0kV rms for 1 minute across open contacts of the watchdog relay.

7.9.2 7.9.3 7.9.4

Impulse IEC 60255-5 5 kV peak, 1.2/50ms, 0.5J between all terminals and all terminals to case earth. High frequency disturbance IEC 60255-22-1/2 2.5kV peak between independent circuits and case. Fast transient IEC 60255-22-4 Class 3 (2kV) Class 4 (4kV) Class 4 (4kV) relay contact circuits. relay contacts with external filter all other circuits
46

7.9.5

Static discharge test Class 4 (15kV) Class 3 (6kV) discharge in air with cover in place point contact discharge with cover removed

7.9.6

ANSI/IEEE standards C36.90 The relay also complies with the appropriate ANSI-IEEE standards for power-system protection relays

7.10 7.10.1

Environmental Temperature IEC 60068-2-3 Storage and transit Operating 25C to +55C

7.10.2 7.10.3 7.10.4

Humidity IEC 60068-2-3 56 days at 93% relative humidity and 40C Enclosure protection IEC 60529 IP50 (Dust protected) Vibration IEC 60255-21-1 0.5g between 60Hz and 600Hz 0.07 mm peak to peak between 10Hz and 60Hz.

7.10.5 7.11

Mechanical durability 10,000 operations, minimum. Model numbers Configuration (ie. settings as supplied) and Conection Diagram (sheet no. varies with external connection arrangement). KVTL 100 C0 CS RTG A Issue Ratings Case details Relay type C0 01 Standard configuration CS 1 Back connected flush mounting (standard mounting) May be used as an additional digit for configuration later D Midos case size 4 F Midos case size 6 H Midos case size 8 RTG E Standard A Vn =0V J Vn = 57 120V 2 Vx = 24 125V 5 Vx = 48 250V 50/60Hz 50/60Hz ac/dc (auxiliary powered version) ac/dc (auxiliary powered version)
47

Mechanical assembly

Section 8.
8.1

COMMISSIONING

Commissioning preliminaries When commissioning a K series relay for the first time the engineer should allow an hour to get familiar with the menu. Please read Section 8.1.1 which provides simple instructions for negotiating the relay menu using push buttons [F] [+] [] and [0] on the front of the relay. Individual cells can be viewed and the settable values can be changed by this method. If a portable PC is available together with a K-Bus interface unit and the commissioning software, then the menu can be viewed a page at a time to display a full column of data and text. Settings are also more easily entered and the final settings can be saved to a file on a disk for future reference or printing a permanent record. The instructions are provided with the commissioning software.

8.1.1

Quick guide to local menu control With the cover in place only the [F] and [0] push buttons are accessible, so data can only be read or flag and counter functions reset. No settings can be changed. In the table [F]long indicates that the key is pressed for at least 1 second and [F]short for less than 0.5 second. This allows the same key to perform more than one function.

8.1.1.1 With the cover fitted to the case Current display Default display or scheme alarm(s) Key press [F]short [F]long [0]short or [0]long Column heading [0]short [0]long Effect of action Display changes to next item in list, if any available Display changes to first menu column heading SYSTEM DATA Backlight turns ON. Backlight turns ON. Returns to the selected default display, or scheme alarms, without waiting for the 2 minute delay. Displays the next item of data in the column. Displays the heading for the next column Backlight turns ON. If a resettable cell is displayed it will be reset

Anywhere in menu [F]short [F]long [0]short [0]long Table 8.1

48

8.1.1.2 With the cover removed from the case Current display Column heading A settable cell Key press [+] [] [+] or [] Effect of action Move to next column heading Move to previous column heading Puts the relay in the setting mode (flashing cursor on bottom line of display) if the cell is not password protected or blocked in the ladder diagram. Increments value Decrements value Changes to the confirmation display. If function links, relay or input masks are displayed then the [F] key will step through them from left to right. A further key press will change to the confirmation display. Escapes from the setting mode without setting being changed. Confirms setting and enters new value Returns prospective value of setting for checking and further modification Escapes from the setting mode without the setting being changed.

Setting mode

[+] [] [F]

[0] Confirmation display [+] [] [0]

Table 8.2 8.1.2 Terminal allocation Reference should be made to the diagram supplied with every relay. The diagram number will be found on the label fixed inside the case to the left hand side. Section 3 of the document provides useful notes on the connections to the relay. 8.1.3 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) See recommendations in Section 1 of this user manual before handling the module outside its case. 8.1.4 Inspection Carefully examine the module and case to see that no damage has occurred since installation; visually check the current transformer shorting switches in the case are wired into the correct circuit and are closed when the module is withdrawn. Check the serial number on the module, case and cover are identical and that the model number and rating information is correct. Check that the external wiring is correct to the relevant relay diagram or scheme diagram. The relay diagram number appears inside the case on a label at the left hand side. The serial number of the relay also appears on this label, the inside of the cover and on the front plate of the relay module. The serial numbers marked on these

49

three items should match; the only time that they may not match is when a failed relay module has been replaced for continuity of protection. With the relay removed from its case, ensure that the shorting switches between terminals listed below are closed by checking with a continuity tester. Terminals: 21 and 22; 23 and 24; 25 and 26; 27 and 28. 8.1.5 Earthing Ensure that the case earthing connection, above the rear terminal block, is used to connect the relay to a local earth bar and, where there is more than one relay, the copper earth bar is in place connecting the earth terminals of each case in the same tier together. 8.1.6 Test block If the MMLG test block is provided, the connections should be checked to the scheme diagram, particularly that the supply connections are to the live side of the test block (coloured orange) and with the terminals allocated odd numbers (1, 3, 5, 7 etc.). The auxiliary supply is normally routed via terminals 13 (+) and 15 (), but check against the schematic diagram for the installation. 8.1.7 Insulation Insulation tests only need to be done when required. Isolate all wiring from earth and test the insulation with an electronic or brushless insulation tester at a dc voltage not exceeding 1000V. Terminals of the same circuits should be temporarily strapped together. The main groups on the relays are given below but they may be modified by external connection as can be determined from the scheme diagram. b) c) d) e) f) 8.2 8.2.1 Auxiliary voltage supply. Field voltage output and opto-isolated control inputs. Relay contacts. Communication port. Case earth

Commissioning test notes Equipment required For KVTL relays the following equipment is required: A means of switching the field voltage on to each opto input Time interval meter Multi-finger test plug type MMLB01 for use with test block type MMLG Continuity Tester A portable PC, with suitable software and a KITZ 101 K-Bus/IEC 60870/5 interface unit will be useful but in no way essential to commissioning.

8.3 8.3.1

Auxiliary supply tests Auxiliary supply The relay can be operated from either an ac or a dc auxiliary supply but the incoming voltage must be within the operating range specified in Table 8.5.

50

Relay rating (V) 24/125 48/250 Table 8.5

DC operating range AC operating range (V) (V ac) 19 150 33 300 50 133 87 265

Maximum crest voltage (V) 190 380

CAUTION: The relay can withstand some ac ripple on a dc auxiliary supply. However, in all cases the peak value of the auxiliary supply must not exceed the maximum crest voltage. Do not energise the relay using the battery charger with the battery disconnected. 8.3.2 Energization from auxiliary voltage supply For secondary injection testing using the test block type MMLG, insert test plug type MMLB01 with CT shorting links fitted, if required. It may be necessary to link across the front of the test plug to restore the auxiliary supply to the relay. Isolate the relay trip contacts and insert the module. With the auxiliary disconnected from the relay, use a continuity tester to monitor the state of the watchdog contacts as listed in Table 8.6 . Connect the auxiliary supply to the relay. The relay should power up with the LCD showing the default display and the centre green LED illuminated; this indicates the relay is healthy. The relay has a non-volatile memory which remembers the state (ON or OFF) of the power fail software relays when the relay was last powered. This may cause an alarm to be set when the scheme logic is run, causing one or both of the LED indicators to be illuminated. With a continuity checker monitor the state of watchdog contacts as listed in Table 8.6. Terminals 3 and 5 4 and 6 Table 8.6 8.3.3 Field voltage The relay generates a field voltage that should be used to energise the opto-isolated inputs. With the relay energized, measure the field voltage across terminals 7 and 8. Terminal 7 should be positive with respect to terminal 8 and should be within the range specified in Table 8.7 when no load is connected. Nominal dc rating (V) 48 Table 8.7 8.4 Settings The commissioning engineer should be supplied with all the required settings for the relay. The settings should be entered into the relay via the front keypad or using a portable PC with a K-Bus connection. The settings for the relay are contained in the SYSTEM DATA, TIMER SETTINGS, LOGIC FUNCTIONS, INPUT MASK and RELAY MASK menu columns.
51

With relay de-energized contact closed contact open

With relay energized contact open contact closed

Range (V) 45 60

It is necessary to enter the password before the masks can be changed. When the relay leaves the factory it is configured with a set of default relay masks, input masks and settings. Any of these settings can be left at these default values if required. When the relay settings have been entered into the relay, they should be noted down on the commissioning test record sheet. If the K-Bus communications are being used then the master station can download the settings to the relay, record any relay settings on disc and download recorded settings to other relays. 8.5 Opto-input checks This test is to check that all the opto inputs are functioning correctly. The state of the opto-isolated input can be viewed from the [SYS Logic Stat] display under the SYSTEM DATA heading. Consult the scheme documentation to see which opto-inputs are used. To enable energisation of the opto-inputs, terminal 8 should be linked to terminals 52 and 55. The opto-inputs can then be individually energised by connecting terminal 7 to the opto-input listed below. Opto-input number L0 L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7 Terminal 46 48 50 45 47 49 51 53

The status of each opto-input can be viewed by displaying [SYS Logic Stat], which will be found towards the end of the SYSTEM DATA column of the menu. When each opto is energized one of the characters on the bottom line of the display will change to indicate the new state of the inputs. The number printed on the front plate under the display will identify which opto each character represents. A 1 indicates an energized state and a 0 indicates a de-energized state. Note: The opto-isolated inputs may be energized from an external 50V battery in some installations. Check that this is not the case before connecting the field voltage, otherwise damage to the relay may result.

52

8.6

Output relay checks This test is to check that all the output relays are functioning correctly. The output relays to be tested can be set in the [LOG TEST RELAYS Select] cell under the LOGIC FUNCTIONS heading and tested in the next cell, [LOG TEST RELAYS = [0]]. Consult the scheme documentation to see which output relays are used. The output relays can then be individually tested by monitoring the relay terminals listed below: Output relay number 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Terminals 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43

The procedure for testing the output relays is: 1. Enter the relay password. 2. Go to the [LOG TEST RELAYS Select] cell. Set the character on the bottom line of the display corresponding to each relay to be tested to 1, and all not to be tested to 0. 3. Go to the [LOG TEST RELAYS = [0]] cell. Press the [0] key and the selected relay(s) will change state for as long as the key remains pressed. If these operations are performed using the master station, the relays will change state for approximately 250 milliseconds. 8.7 Scheme tests The relay should be commissioned with the settings calculated for the application, and with reference to the scheme documentation for a description of the scheme logic operation.

53

Section 9.
9.1

PROBLEM SOLVING

Password lost or not accepted Relays are supplied with the password set to AAAA. Only upper case letters are accepted. Password can be changed by the user. See Section 5.2. There is an additional unique recovery password associated with the relay which can be supplied by the factory, or service agent, if given details of its serial number. The serial number will be found in the system data column of the menu and should correspond to the number on the label at the top right hand corner of the front plate of the relay. If they differ, quote the one in the system data column.

9.2

Alarms First check that the relay is energized from the auxiliary supply. If so, then try to determine the cause of the problem by examining the alarm flags towards the bottom of the SYSTEM DATA column of the menu. This will not be possible if the display is not responding to key presses. Having attempted to determine the cause of the alarm it may be possible to return the relay to an operational state by resetting it. To do this, remove the auxiliary power supply for about 10 seconds. Then re-establish the supplies and the relay should in most cases return to an operating state. Recheck the alarm status if the alarm LED is still indicating an alarm state. The following notes will give further guidance.

9.2.1

Watchdog alarm The watchdog relay will pick up when the relay is operational to indicate a healthy state, with its make contact closed. When an alarm condition that requires some action to be taken is detected, the watchdog relay resets and its break contact will close to give an alarm. Note: The green LED will usually follow the operation of the watchdog relay in either of the above two cases.

There is no shorting contact across the case terminals connected to the break contact of the watchdog relay. Therefore, the indication for a failed/healthy relay will be cancelled when the relay is removed from its case. If the relay is still functioning, the actual problem causing the alarm can be found from the alarm records in the SYSTEM DATA column of the menu (see Section 2.4.2). 9.2.2 Unconfigured or uncalibrated alarm For an UNCONFIGURED alarm the scheme logic is stopped and no longer performing its intended function. For an UNCALIBRATED alarm the scheme logic will still be operational but there may be an error in its calibration that may require attention. It may be left running. To return the relay to a serviceable state, the initial factory configuration will have to be reloaded and the relay recalibrated. It is recommended that the work be carried out at the factory or entrusted to a recognised service centre.

54

9.2.3

Setting error alarm A SETTING alarm indicates that the area of non-volatile memory in which the selected protection settings are stored, has been corrupted. The current settings should be checked against those applied at the commissioning stage or any later changes that have been made. If a personal computer (PC) is used during commissioning then it is recommended that the final settings applied to the relay are copied to a floppy disc with the serial number of the relay used as the file name. The setting can then be readily loaded back into the relay if necessary, or to a replacement relay.

9.2.4

No Service alarm This alarm flag can only be observed when the relay is in the calibration or configuration mode when the protection program will be stopped.

9.3 9.3.1

Records Problems with event records The event records are erased if the auxiliary supply to the relay is lost for a period exceeding the hold-up time of the internal power supply. Only limited event data can be read on the LCD. To obtain full event data, the event records must be read via the serial communications port. The oldest event is overwritten by the next event to be stored when the buffer becomes full. When a master station has successfully read a record it usually clears it automatically and when all records have been read the event bit in the status byte is set to 0 to indicate that there are no longer any records to be retrieved.

9.4

Communications Address cannot be automatically allocated if the remote change of setting has been inhibited by function link SD0. This must be first set to 1, alternatively the address must be entered manually via the user interface on the relay. Address cannot be allocated automatically unless the address is first manually set to 0. This can also be achieved by a global command including the serial number of the relay. Relay address set to 255, the global address for which no replies are permitted.

9.4.2

Relay no longer responding Check if other relays that are further along the bus are responding and if so power down the relay for 10 seconds and then re-energise to reset the communication processor. This should not be necessary as the reset operation occurs automatically when the relay detects a loss of communication. If relays further along the bus are not communicating, check to find out which are responding towards the master station. If some are responding then the position of the break in the bus can be determined by deduction. If none is responding then check for data on the bus or reset the communication port driving the bus with requests. Check there are not two relays with the same address on the bus.

55

9.4.3

No Response to remote control commands Check that the relay is not inhibited from responding to remote commands by observing the system data function link settings. If so, reset as necessary; a password will be required. System data function links cannot be set over the communication link if the remote change of settings has been inhibited by setting the system data function link SD0 to 0. First reset SD0 to 1 manually via the user interface on the relay.

Section 10. MAINTENANCE


10.1 Testing K-Series Midos relays are self-supervising and so require less maintenance than earlier designs of relay. Most problems will result in an alarm so that remedial action can be taken. However, some periodic tests could be done to ensure that the relay is functioning correctly. If the relay can be communicated with from a remote point, via its serial port, then some testing can be carried out without actually visiting the site. When testing locally the same tests may be carried out to check for correct functioning of the relay. 10.1.1 Alarms The alarm status LED should first be checked to identify if any alarm conditions exist. The alarm records can then be read to identify the nature of any alarm that may exist. 10.1.3 Output relay test The output relays can be made to change state, if the password has been entered and the Block Output Test software relay is off, using menu cells LOG TEST RELAYS Select and LOG TEST RELAYS = [0]. The LOG TEST RELAYS Select cell displays the relays to be tested. Setting any position to 1 will result in the state of the corresponding relay changing state when the [0] key is given a long press in cell LOG TEST RELAYS = [0]. The state will remain changed for 250 milliseconds or until the [0] key is released, whichever is longer. 10.1.4 Additional tests Additional tests can be selected from the commissioning instructions, Section 8, as required. 10.2 Method of repair Please read the handling instructions in Section 1 before proceeding with this work. This will ensure that no further damage is caused by incorrect handling of the electronic components. Repairs Should the need arise for the equipment to be returned to ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd for repair, then the form at the back of this manual should be completed and sent with the equipment together with a copy of any commissioning test results.

56

10.2.1

Replacing a PCB a) Replacement of user interface Withdraw the module from its case. Remove the four screws that are placed one at each corner of the front plate. Remove the front plate. Lever the top edge of the user interface board forwards to unclip it from its mounting. Then pull the PCB upwards to unplug it from the connector at its lower edge. Replace with a new interface board and assemble in the reverse order. b) Replacement of main processor board This is the PCB at the extreme left of the module, when viewed from the front. To replace this board: First remove the screws holding the side screen in place. There are two screws through the top plate of the module and two more through the base plate. Remove screen to expose the PCB. Remove the two retaining screws, one at the top edge and the other directly below it on the lower edge of the PCB. Separate the PCB from the sockets at the front edge of the board. Note that they are a tight fit and will require levering apart, taking care to ease the connectors apart gradually so as not to crack the front PCB card. The connectors are designed for ease of assembly in manufacture and not for continual disassembly of the unit. Reassemble in the reverse of this sequence, making sure that the screen plate is replaced with all four screws securing it. c) Replacement of auxiliary expansion board This is the second board in from the left hand side of the module. Remove the processor board as described above in b). Remove the two securing screws that hold the auxiliary expansion board in place. Unplug the PCB from the front bus as described for the processor board and withdraw. Replace in the reverse of this sequence, making sure that the screen plate is replaced with all four screws securing it.

10.2.2

Replacing output relays and opto-isolators PCBs are removed as described in 10.3.1 b and c. They are replaced in the reverse order. Calibration is not usually required when a PCB is replaced unless either of the two boards that plug directly on to the left hand terminal block is replaced, as these directly affect the calibration. Note that this CB is a through-hole plated board and care must be taken not to damage it when removing a relay for replacement, otherwise solder may not flow through the hole and make a good connection to the tracks on the component side of the PCB.

57

10.2.3

Replacing the power supply board Remove the two screws securing the right hand terminal block to the top plate of the module. Remove the two screws securing the right hand terminal block to the bottom plate of the module. Unplug the back plane from the power supply PCB. Remove the securing screw at the top and bottom of the power supply board. Withdraw the power supply board from the rear, unplugging it from the front bus. Reassemble in the reverse of this sequence.

10.2.4

Replacing the back plane (sizes 4 & 6 cases) Remove the two screws securing the right hand terminal block to the top plate of the module. Remove the two screws securing the right hand terminal block to the bottom plate of the module. Unplug the back plane from the power supply PCB. Twist outwards and around to the side of the module. Replace the PCB and terminal block assembly. Reassemble in the reverse of this sequence.

10.3

Recalibration Whilst recalibration is not usually necessary, it is possible to carry it out on site, but it requires test equipment with suitable accuracy and a special calibration program to run on a PC. It is recommended that the work is carried out by an authorised agency. After calibration it will be necessary to re-enter all the settings required for the application, so it will be useful to have a copy of the settings available on a floppy disk. Although this is not essential it can reduce the down time of the system.

58

Section 11. LOGIC DIAGRAMS

Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration)

LOG1,1
1 0

USR Reset Aux1


INP Blk Aux1 76543210 INP Aux1 76543210 LOG1,1
1

LOG1,6 1
1 0

R 0 S RLY Aux1 76543210 LOG1,7


1 0

&

tAux1
Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration)

LOG1,5
1 0

LOG2,D
0 1

USR Init Aux1 USR Reset Aux2


INP Blk Aux2 76543210 INP Aux2 76543210

LOG1,1
1 0

&

AlrmAux1 Operated

LOG1,A LOG1,8
1

1 0

R 0 S RLY Aux2 76543210 LOG1,B


1 0

&

tAux2
Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration)

LOG1,5
0 1

LOG2,D
0 1

USR Init Aux2 USR Reset Aux3


INP Blk Aux3 76543210 INP Aux3 76543210

LOG1,1
1 0

&

AlrmAux2 Operated

LOG1,E LOG1,C
1

1 0

R 0 S RLY Aux3 76543210 LOG1,F


1 0

&

tAux3
Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration)

LOG1,D
0 1

LOG2,E
0 1

USR Init Aux3 USR Reset Aux4


INP Blk Aux4 76543210 INP Aux4 76543210

LOG1,1
1 0

&

AlrmAux3 Operated

LOG2,2 LOG2,0
1

1 0

R 0 S RLY Aux4 76543210 LOG2,3


1 0

&

tAux4
Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration)

LOG2,1
0 1

LOG2,E
0 1

USR Init Aux4 USR Reset Aux5


INP Blk Aux5 76543210 INP Aux5 76543210

LOG1,1
1 0

&

AlrmAux4 Operated

LOG2,6 LOG2,4
1

1 0

R 0 S RLY Aux5 76543210 LOG2,7


1 0

&

tAux5
Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration)

LOG2,5
0 1

LOG2,F
0 1

USR Init Aux5 USR Reset Aux6


INP Blk Aux6 76543210 INP Aux6A 76543210

LOG1,1
1 0

&

AlrmAux5 Operated

LOG2,A LOG2,8
1

1 0

R 0 S RLY Aux6 76543210 LOG2,B


1 0

LOG2,F
0 1

BNP Aux6B 76543210 LOG2,C


0 1

&

tAux6

LOG2,9
0 1

&

AlrmAux6 Operated

USR Init Aux6


INP Ltrip CB 76543210 INP Lclose CB 76543210

tTRIP tCLOSE

RLY CB Trip 76543210 RLY CB Close 76543210

LOG1,2
0 1

USR Trip CB USR Close CB


INP CB AuxSwitch 76543210 LOG1,0
0 1

CB Open 52a 52b TO PLANT STATUS WORD CB Closed LOG1,3


1 0

& &

AlrmCB Open AlrmCB Closed

SD F E D C B A 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

LOG1 F E D C B A 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

LOG2 F E D C B A 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

Figure 10: Logic diagram KVTL 100


59

USR Reset Aux1


1

Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration) 1 LOG1,3


1 0

LOG1,1
1 0

RESET0
INP Blk/Rst Aux1 76543210 INP Aux1 76543210

LOG1,6 LOG1,4
1

1 0

R Q S RLY Aux1 76543210 R

&

tAux1

LOG1,5
0 1

LOG1,2
0 1

LOG1,8

USR Init Aux1

1 0

Q S LOG2,9
1 0

AlrmAux1 Operated

USR Reset Aux2


1

Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration) 1 LOG1,3


1 0

LOG1,1
1 0

RESET0
INP Blk/Rst Aux2 76543210 INP Aux2 76543210

LOG1,9 LOG1,7
1

1 0

R Q S RLY Aux2 76543210 R

&

tAux2

LOG1,8
0 1

LOG1,2
0 1

LOG2,B

USR Init Aux2

1 0

Q S LOG2,9
1 0

AlrmAux2 Operated

USR Reset Aux3


1

Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration) 1 LOG1,3


1 0

LOG1,1
1 0

RESET0
INP Blk/Rst Aux3 76543210 INP Aux3 76543210

LOG1,C LOG1,A
1

1 0

R Q S RLY Aux3 76543210 R

&

tAux3

LOG1,B
0 1

LOG1,2
0 1

LOG2,A

USR Init Aux3

1 0

Q S LOG2,B
1 0

AlrmAux3 Operated

USR Reset Aux4


1

Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration) 1 LOG1,3


1 0

LOG1,1
1 0

RESET0
INP Blk/Rst Aux4 76543210 INP Aux4 76543210

LOG1,F LOG1,D
1

1 0

R Q S RLY Aux4 76543210 R

&

tAux4

LOG1,E
0 1

LOG1,2
0 1

LOG2,A

USR Init Aux4

1 0

Q S LOG2,B
1 0

AlrmAux4 Operated

USR Reset Aux5


1

Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration) 1 LOG1,3


1 0

LOG1,1
1 0

RESET0
INP Blk/Rst Aux5 76543210 INP Aux5 76543210

LOG2,1 LOG2,0
1

&

tAux5

1 0

R Q S RLY Aux5 76543210 R

LOG1,2
0 1

LOG2,C

USR Init Aux5

1 0

Q S LOG2,D
1 0

AlrmAux5 Operated

Continued in Figure 11b

Figure 11a: Logic diagram KVTL 101 (continued in Figure 11b)


60

From Figure 11a

USR Reset Aux6


1

Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration) 1 LOG1,3


1 0

LOG1,1
1 0

RESET0
INP Blk/Rst Aux6 76543210 INP Aux6 76543210

LOG2,3 LOG2,2
1

&

tAux6

1 0

R Q S RLY Aux6 76543210 R

LOG1,2
0 1

LOG2,C

USR Init Aux6

1 0

Q S LOG2,D
1 0

AlrmAux6 Operated

USR Reset Aux7


1

Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration) 1 LOG1,3


1 0

LOG1,1
1 0

RESET0
INP Blk/Rst Aux7 76543210 INP Aux7 76543210

LOG2,5 LOG2,4
1

&

tAux7

1 0

R Q S RLY Aux7 76543210 R

LOG1,2
0 1

LOG2,E

USR Init Aux7

1 0

Q S LOG2,F
1 0

AlrmAux7 Operated

USR Reset Aux8


1

Power Off Hold (Reclose relay on power restoration) 1 LOG1,3


1 0

LOG1,1
1 0

RESET0
INP Blk/Rst Aux8 76543210 INP Aux8 76543210

LOG2,7 LOG2,6
1

&

tAux7

1 0

R Q S RLY Aux8 76543210 R

LOG1,2
0 1

LOG2,E

USR Init Aux8

1 0

Q S LOG2,F
1 0

AlrmAux8 Operated

=1 =1 =1 =1

LOG1,0
1 0

tDscr

RLY DscAlrm 1 76543210 RLY DscAlrm 2 76543210 RLY DscAlrm 3 76543210 RLY DscAlrm 4 76543210

LOG1,0
1 0

tDscr

LOG1,0
1 0

tDscr

LOG1,0
1 0

tDscr

SD F E D C B A 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

LOG1 F E D C B A 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

LOG2 F E D C B A 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

Figure 11b: Logic diagram KVTL 101


61

13 6 14 3 5 30 22 23 32 34 RL1 36 38 40 42 44 28 29 31 33 48 50 52 45 47 49 51 35 37 39 41 43 1 Case earth connection 54 56 SCN 7 8 +48V field voltage Kbus communications port RL7 RL6 RL5 RL4 46 RL3 RL2 RL0 Relay failed 21 Relay healthy

AC/DC supply Vx

29

30

24 25

KVTL 100

31

32

33

34

35

36

26 27

10

37

38

39

40

13

14

41

42

43

17

44

18

45

46

L0 L1 L2 Logic input common (1) L3 L4 L5 L6 L7 Logic input common (2) 55 53

19

20

47

Section 12. CONNECTION DIAGRAM FOR KVTL 100

62

21

48

22

49

50

23

24

51

52

25

26

53

54

27

28

55

56

SCN

Module terminal blocks viewed from rear (with integral case earth link)

Note:

(a)

CT shorting links make before (b) and (c) disconnect.

(b) (c)

Short terminals break before (c). Long terminal

(d)

Pin terminal (pcb type).

Figure 12: Typical application diagram KVTL 100

63

Section 13. COMMISSIONING TEST RECORD


I/O Module
Relay Model Number Serial Number Station Front Plate Information ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Circuit ________________ KVTL Date ________________ ________________

I/O Module
Model No. Serial No. Aux Voltage Vx Frequency 1. SETTINGS F E

KVTL

SYSTEM DATA SYS Password SYS Fn. Links SYS Description SYS Plant Ref. SYS Model No. SYS Serial No. SYS Frequency SYS Comms Level SYS Rly Address SYS Software Ref SYS Ladder Ref TIMER SETTINGS TMR tAux1 TMR tAux2 TMR tAux3 TMR tAux4 TMR tAux5 TMR tAux6 TMR tTRIP TMR tCLOSE

D C B A 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0

64

LOGIC FUNCTIONS Scheme Fn. Links 1 Scheme Fn. Links 2 LOG DefaultDsply LOG Rotation INPUT MASKS INP Blk Aux1 INP Aux1 INP Blk Aux2 INP Aux2 INP Blk Aux3 INP Aux3 INP Blk Aux4 INP Aux4 INP Blk Aux5 INP Aux5 INP Blk Aux6 INP Aux6 A INP Aux6 B INP Ltrip CB INP Lclose CB INP CB AuxSwitch RELAY MASKS RLY Aux1 RLY Aux2 RLY Aux3 RLY Aux4 RLY Aux5 RLY Aux6 RLY CB Trip RLY CB Close

D C B A 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0

0 0

7 6

5 4 3 2 1 0

7 6

5 4 3 2 1 0

65

2.

Commissioning Preliminaries Check for damage CT shorting switches in case checked Serial number on module and case checked External wiring checked to diagram (if available)

tick

3.

Terminations

3.1 Terminals checked for continuity tick 21 23 25 27 & & & & 22 24 26 28 tick 3.2 Earth connection to case checked 3.3 Test block connection checked 3.4 Insulation checked 4. Auxiliary supply tests ___________ Vac/dc

4.1 Auxiliary voltage at relay terminals 4.2 Energisation from auxiliary voltage supply Watchdog contacts checked tick Supply off Terminals Terminals Supply on Terminals Terminals 4.3 Field Voltage 5. Opto Input Operation tick L0 L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7 tick 3 4 3 4 & & & & 5 6 5 6 (closed) (open) (open) (closed)

___________ Vdc

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6.

Output Relay Operation tick RL0 RL1 RL2 RL3 RL4 RL5 RL6 RL7 tick

7.

Logic tests

7.1 Auxiliary timers Setting Auxiliary timer 1 Auxiliary timer 2 Auxiliary timer 3 Auxiliary timer 4 Auxiliary timer 5 Auxiliary timer 6 7.2 Selective Logic tick Relay operates according to scheme logic settings 8. Relay Settings tick Relay final settings entered and checked Measured value

______________________________________ Commissioning Engineer ______________________________________ Date


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_______________________________________ Customer Witness _______________________________________ Date

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REPAIR FORM
Please complete this form and return it to ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd with the equipment to be repaired. This form may also be used in the case of application queries.

ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd St. Leonards Works Stafford ST17 4LX, England For: After Sales Service Department _____________________ Model No: __________________ Serial No: __________________

Customer Ref:

ALSTOM Contract Ref: _____________________ Date: 1. _____________________

What parameters were in use at the time the fault occurred? AC volts DC volts AC current Frequency _____________ Main VT/Test set _____________ Battery/Power supply _____________ Main CT/Test set _____________

2. 3. 4.

Which type of test was being used? ____________________________________________ Were all the external components fitted where required? (Delete as appropriate.) List the relay settings being used ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Yes/No

5.

What did you expect to happen? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

continued overleaf

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6.

What did happen? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

7.

When did the fault occur? Instant Time delayed By how long? Yes/No Yes/No ___________ Intermittent Yes/No

(Delete as appropriate).

8.

What indications if any did the relay show? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

9.

Was there any visual damage? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

10. Any other remarks which may be useful: ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________ Signature ______________________________________ Name (in capitals)

_______________________________________ Title _______________________________________ Company name

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A L S T O M T & D P r o t e c t i o n & C o n t r o l L t d St Leonards Works, Stafford, ST17 4LX England Tel: 44 (0) 1785 223251 Fax: 44 (0) 1785 212232 Email: pcs.enquiries@tde.alstom.com Internet: www.alstom.com
1999 ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd Our policy is one of continuous product development and the right is reserved to supply equipment which may vary from that described.

Publication R8538C

Printed in England.