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UNIT 1 Getting Started

Reading Read the following text and decide the general idea of the text. Practicing English as a daily language will make your English better. Try to speak English as often as possible! Books are the windows to the world. In addition, you will have a better grasp of the world of English when you read lots of English books! Not only will you familiarize yourself with new vocabulary words, but also trickier nuances like tenses and grammar ruler. So dig out those English novels from the corners of your room and get to know them-regularly! Never be ashamed of making mistakes during conversations and when writing essays. Wise people say that mistakes help you learn! Simply put, dont let the mistakes discourage you; take your teachers notes seriously, learn from them, and move on. The process of language learning will be useless if you dont enjoy to lesson. So keep an open mind and a positive attitude in English class! English is a universal language. With the language, you can open up yourself to a world that would otherwise be difficult to reach. By Rataweiming, HET 2009 1. What do you think about the above text? Can you get the general purpose of the text? 2. What kind of text do you think it is? Is it a passage? Is it a tip? Is it a story? 3. What is the general topic it talk about? 4. Make a brief summary of the information you get from the text. 5. What is the appropriate title for the text? 6. Do you the paragraphs connected well each or another? If not, can add some words that can make them connected well?

Speaking Practice the dialog before you fill in the blanks with T (true) or F (false).

Match the sentences in column one with the sentences in column two.

Put the conversations in the correct order by numbering the sentences.

Unit 2 People
Reading Read the following information about a Korean Star and fill out his data.

Personal Data Name Job Band Favorite Lesson Characters Motto Dream Girl Favorite Actress Activities : _______________________________________________ : _______________________________________________ : _______________________________________________ : _______________________________________________ : _______________________________________________ : _______________________________________________ : _______________________________________________ : _______________________________________________ : _______________________________________________

Can you describe the physical appearance of the star by looking at the picture above? Before you describe the physical appearance of the star above, look at the vocabulary below Words that describe physical appearance Height: short, average height, tall Build: small, average build Age: around 25, in his 30s Hair: short, long, straight, wavy, curly, a ponytail, white, grey, blond, light/dark brown, red black Face: square, round, plain, wide Complexion: light, white, olive-skinned Eyes: green, blue, brown, black, beautiful, big General: beautiful, pretty, handsome, sexy, cute, good looking Read these descriptions. What are the missing words? Write is or has. A. Vinna is around 20. She is tall, slim and beautiful. She has long straight black hair. B. Jack .......... average height and average build. He .......... a ponytail. He .......... handsome. C. Selena Gomes .......... really cute. She .......... medium length wavy hair, and big beautiful eyes. D. Mr. Robert .......... a wide face and a dark complexion. He ..........very muscular. E. Mrs. Sue .......... around 60. She .......... short curly hair, and wears glasses. F. David Beckham .. tall and handsome. His hair style .. always different, but it . always short.

Grammar Focus SIMPLE PRESENT Form (+) S + V1 or V1 /es (-) S + do / does + not + V1 (?) Do / Does + S + V1 Examples You speak English. Nina learns Japanese. You dont speak English. Nina doesnt learn Japanese. Do you speak English? Does Nina learn Japanese?

USE 1: Repeated Actions

Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. Here, the use of adverb of frequency is very helpful to highlight the repetition of the actions. Adverb of frequency (positive meaning): Always Usually Often Generally Sometimes Occasionally (negative meaning) Seldom Rarely Hardly ever Not ever/never

Examples: He always wakes up early every morning . They sometimes listen to the radio. Do you usually eat in school cafeteria? USE 2: Facts or Generalizations

The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. Examples: The sun rises in the east.

A vegetarian doesnt eat meat. Note: We can use to be (is, am, are) as the verb of the sentence. By using to be, we can use the simple present tense to talk about now, but we can also use it to talk about something in general. Examples: My parents are not at home now. Nadine is very beautiful. Practice Worksheet I. Answer the questions in complete sentences. What is something that. 1. you seldom do? _____________________________________________________________ 2. you sometimes do after class? __________________________________________________ 3. you often do before you go to bed? ______________________________________________ 4. a good student always do? _____________________________________________________ 5. a polite person never do? _____________________________________________________ 6. people usually do to celebrate their birthday?________________________________________

II. Error correction. Rewrite the sentences with the correct VERB form. 1. Ms. Cohen have a red bicycle. 2. Dr. Cheska come to school by bus. 3. Yvonne and Phoebe talks a lot during study hour. 4. Does Mr. George rides a scooter?

5. Arizona and Hanan eats dinner in the cafeteria 6. The students doesnt studies every night. 7. I waits for the bus on the corner. 8. Do you likes pizza? 9. Where do Mr. George live? 10. Tom doesnt buys a new book every week. SPEAKING Practice the following dialogues and fill in the blanks with T (true) or F (false).

Unit 3 Jobs
Reading

______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

Speaking Practice the following dialogues and fill in the blanks with T (true) or F (false).

Unit 4 Life Style


Reading Teen Budgeting Teenagers are expensive. Everything they wear costs money. And they dont want any old stuff. It has to have some brands or label on. Do brand labels really matter? Of course they do, if you are a teenager. Here are some tips to deal with the budget for you teenagers. 1. Buy your teenager one or two items that they can wear often like jacket or a pair of shoes. Something that they can be really proud of. But they dont need everything to be branded. They dont need fancy branded shocks. Who will notice that? 2. Say to them: Ill buy the shirt, you buy the label. That means if you can get a perfectly suitable shirt for $40, but they want the classy branded one that costs $70, you pay the forty and they pay the extra thirty from their own money. 3. Get them on to a budget. Work out what you would want to spend on their shoes and clothing, entertainment, and gift, and gift it to them to spend. Make them responsible for all their purchases. If they want to go to the movies or buy a friend a birthday present, they can only do that if they use their money. You can eventually get to the point where the only extra things you are paying for are their medical and school expenses. In this way, your teenagers will learn to handle money. The way they learn to handle money will be the way they will handle life. Good budgeting trains you to take control of things rather than have things take control of you.

Discuss the following questions based on the text and your opinion. 1. What is the text merely about? 2. Do you agree with the tips given in the text? 3. If yes, what can the teenager learn by getting their allowance at once? 4. If no, do you have another idea to control teen budgeting? 5. What can you infer from the text? 6. Make some tips that you have related to your own budget or your lifestyle.

Lets Learn Grammar NOUN A noun can be countable or uncountable. Countable nouns can be "counted", they have a singular and plural form. For example:

A book, two books, three books ..... An apple, two apples, three apples ....

Uncountable nouns (also called mass nouns or noncount nouns) cannot be counted, they are not separate objects. This means you cannot make them plural by adding -s, because they only have a singular form. It also means that they do not take a/an or a number in front of them. For example:

Water Work coffee Sand Uncountable Countable (use a/an or a number in front of countable (there is no a/an or number with nouns) uncountable nouns) an apple / one apple rice I eat an apple every day. I eat rice every day. There is no plural form for an uncountable Add (s) to make a countable noun plural noun apples rice I eat an apple every day. Apples are I eat rice every day. Rice is good for you. good for you. To make uncountable nouns becomes countable, add a counting word, such as a In countable nouns, we simply put final unit of measurement. (s) as in the example below. We use the form "a ....... of ......." I put one apple in the refrigerator and rice = a grain of rice two apples on the table. water = a glass of water music = a piece of music, etc You can use some and any with countable You can use some and any with nouns. uncountable nouns. I usually drink some tea with my meal. Some dogs can be dangerous. I don't use any computers at work. I don't usually eat any rice in the morning.

You only use many and few with plural countable nouns. Many students are studying in UB. There are few elephants in England. You can use a lot of and no with plural countable nouns. No customers came here last week. My office bought a lot of computers.

You only use much and little with uncountable nouns. I don't usually drink much coffee. There is little money in my wallet. You can use a lot of and no with uncountable nouns. I put no sugar in your tea. People in France drink a lot of wine.

A. Decide whether these nouns are countable (C) or uncountable (U) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. I found some mice in my house. The soup on the table seems delicious. Our environment is threatened by pollution. My mother uses butter to prepare cakes. There are a lot of windows in our classroom. We need some glue to fix this vase. The waiters in this restaurant are very professional. My father drinks two big glasses of water every morning. The bread my mother prepares is delicious. Drivers must be careful; the road is slippery. Some policemen are organizing road traffic to avoid any accidents. I bought three bottles of mineral water for our picnic. I'd like some juice please! Internet supplies a lot of useful information. It is important that people take care of their health.

B. Fill in the blank with the correct to be (is/are). Mind the noun (singular or plural). 1. Here _________ the news you looked for. 2. My jeans __________ still in the laundry. 3. Further information __________ available in the office. 4. The stairs __________over there, Sir. 5. The furniture in our classroom _________ uncomfortable. 6. The USA __________a very nice country. 7. Your sunglasses __________ on the table. 8. Homework __________ boring. 9. The scissors on the table __________ mine. 10. Physics __________ not easy.

C. Fill in the following words with choices below. advice, chocolate, jam, lemonade, meat, milk, tennis, rice, tea, bread 1. a piece of _____________ 2. a packet of _____________ 3. a bar of ____________ 4. a glass of ____________ 5. a cup of ____________ 6. a bottle of ____________ 7. a slice of ___________ 8. a game of ___________ 9. a loaf of ___________ 10. a jar of ____________ Language Focus - Expressing likes and dislikes To talk about your likes and dislikes, you can use these expressions. Expressing likes:

Expressing dislikes:

I like I love... I adore I m crazy about Im mad about I enjoy Im keen on Im fond of

I dont like I dislike... I hate I abhor I cant bear... I cant stand I detest... I loathe...

Examples of likes and dislikes : I'm mad about basketball, but I cant bear ice hockey. I adore reading poetry, but I loathe doing the housework. If you neither like nor dislike something: "I don't mind doing the housework."

Dialogue: Look at the dialogue between Steve and Anna below. Notice how they express their likes and dislikes. Steve: Hello, darling. Do you fancy watching a film tonight? Anna: Oh, no thanks, I don't really feel like watching a film tonight. How about going out instead?

Steve: OK. Do you feel like having dinner at the Mexican restaurant? Anna: No, I hate it. The food there is too spicy. How about the new Chinese restaurant? Do you like it?

Steve: I don't mind. The Chinese cuisine is alright. Anna: Well, I really love it. Let's go.

Now that you have learned how to express likes and dislikes, make a dialogue using the expressions. The topic must be connected to the topic we discussed in this unit. Practice it in front of the class. Writing Study the following example of informal invitation.

Were having a party at Balekambang Beach next week on Saturday. We will meet at GBS building at 6.00 Saturday morning, and will leave at 6.30. Please be on time. It will probably be hot at the beach, so be sure to wear comfortable clothing. Dont forget to bring your swimsuit and sunglasses. We are going to have a barbecue on the beach. The committee will take care of all the food. But they will need volunteers to help with the cooking. Contact one of the committee members. Okay, well see you next week!

What tense is used in the invitation? What information should be included in an invitation? Now, make your own invitation.
______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

Study the following formal invitation Faculty of Culture Studies Brawijaya University Jl. Veteran Malang 65145 Telp. (0341) 575875 (direct), Fax. (0341) 575822 (direct) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------No : 797/UN.10.12/LL/2011

Subject : Invitation To : ___________________

Dear Sir/Madame, You are cordially invited to attend a Teaching Workshop focusing on Cooperative Learning by Johanna Rosten, M.A., scheduled on: Day Time Venue : Wednesday, August 25, 2010 : 08.00 14.00 : GBS 2.3, Faculty of Culture Studies

Your attendance and active participation are highly appreciated.

Malang, August 26, 2011

Head of English Program 1. Compare the two kinds of invitation. What do you think the difference between informal and formal invitations? 2. Write a formal invitation.

Unit 5 Story of life


Read the biography of a famous author below.

J.K. Rowling is the unprecedentedly successful author of the seven books in the Harry Potter series. Since the publication of her first novel, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, the popularity of her stories has steadily increased. Currently six out of seven of her novels have been made into insanely popular films. As of this date, in 2010, fans are eagerly awaiting the release of the seventh, the last sequence of Harry Potter movie, which will undoubtedly bring in another few million dollars for this very talented lady. J.K. Rowling was born Joanne Rowling on July 31, 1965. She later added Katherine to her name so that she could have another initial for her pen name. She was born on the outskirts of Bristol, England and is the eldest of two daughters. Her parents moved Joanne and her younger sister, Diana, to Winterbourne when Rowling was four. There she met a young boy and a young girl whose last name she came to like. Their last name was Potter. The Rowling family moved one more time, when Joanne was nine, to Tutshill. The family was living here when her mother was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. Joanne was fifteen at the time. J.K. Rowling attended a few grade schools and then went on to attend Wyedean Comprehensive. After her high school graduation she enrolled in the University of Exeter, where she studied French. During Rowling's time in college she was able to spend a year in France as part of her studies. J.K. Rowling's mother died shortly after Christmas in 1990. In 1991, when she was 26, J.K Rowling moved to Portugal and began teaching English. There she met and married Jorges

Arentes. The couple had a daughter, who they named Jessica. The couple separated three years after their wedding and Joanne took her daughter with her to Edinburgh, where they could be close to Diana. Rowling had been working on Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone for a few years by then and it was at this point that she set to finishing the novel in earnest. After J.K. Rowling finished the first Harry Potter novel, it sold to Bloomsbury for only $4,000. Eventually scholastic Press purchased the American rights to the novel. With the money from the sale Joanne was able to quit her job and become a full-time writer. J.K Rowling is now a millionaire and one of the most famous authors of our time. She married Neil Murray on December 26, 2006 and they are still happily married. She had two more children with her husband. Their names are David and MacKenzie. (source: www.associatedcontent.com) After reading the biography above, answer the following questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Who is J.K Rowling? When and where was she born? Why did she add Katherine to her name? Where did she study for her college? What did she do during her time there? What is the name of her first husband? How many children does J.K. Rowling have? Who are they?

Language Focus Making questions There are 3 basic types of question: 1. Yes/No Questions (the answer to the question is "Yes" or "No") 2. Question Word Questions (the answer to the question is "Information") 3. Choice Questions (the answer to the question is "in the question") 1. Yes/No Questions auxiliary verb subject main verb Answer Yes or No dinner? Yes, I do.

Do

you

want

Can Has Did

you she they

drive? finished Go her work? home?

No, I can't. Yes, she has. No, they didn't.

Exception! verb be simple present and simple past Is Was Anne Ram French? at home? Yes, she is. No, he wasn't.

2. Question Word Questions question word auxiliary verb subject main verb Answer Information In Paris. lunch? At 1pm. She met Ram. it? Because she can't.

Where When Who Why

Do Will Did hasn't

you we she Tara

live? have meet? done

Exception! verb be simple present and simple past Where How is was Bombay? she? In India. Very well.

3. Choice Questions

auxiliary verb subject

main verb

OR

Answer In the question coffee? James? New York? Coffee, please. John. She went to London.

Do Will Did

you we she

want meet Go

Tea John to London

or or or

Exception! verb be simple present and simple past Is Were your car they White $15 or or black? $50? It's black. $15.

Make questions from 1 to 6. For no 7-10, you have to supply with the correct Question Word questions. 1. I saw 'The sixth Sense' last year 2. I go to London 'three times a year' 3. The river is '25 kms long' 4. She put '10 eggs' in this omelette 5. This car is 'Paul's' 6. I take a taxi 'to get there on time' 7. 8. 9. 10. needs help ? John do you go dancing ? once a month. is the station ? 5 miles. one will you buy ? the blue one, not the red one. .

Speaking: Story Telling A Storyteller's Vocabulary List Plot: The sequence of events from which a story, play, puppet show, etc. can be made Retell: To restate in one's own words Version: One of many possible presentations of the same plot Character: People, animals, or other communicating entities in the tale Narrator: The presenter of the tale First Steps to Retelling a Plot Beginning:

Picture the plot as a movie in your imagination Start off retelling it by "chatting" it in your own words to make sure you remember what happens in the plot. Create your own version by retelling it over and over to different listeners until it starts to feel like a story

Middle:

Have a strong beginning and end by creating an enticing first and last sentence. Improvise the middle Try to help your listeners see what is in your mind. Pretend to be all the characters by letting some of the characters speak dialogue. When you are the narrator, make sincere eye contact with the audience

Finally

Stand up and tell the plot as a story. Tell the tale to a partner or a few people. Ask a friend to listen to you and then give you some practical comments. As you gain confidence, try telling the story in front of a larger group.

Now, read the fable below. Have a partner to learn to do story telling The Lion & The Rabbit A Fable from India The animals of the forest made a bargain with a ferocious lion who killed for pleasure. It was agreed that one animal each day would willingly come to the ferocious lion's den to be his supper and, in turn, the lion would never hunt again. The first to go to the lion's den was a timid rabbit, who went slowly. "Why are you late?" the lion roared when the rabbit arrived. "I'm late because of the other lion," said the rabbit. "In my jungle? Take me to this other lion." The rabbit led the lion to a deep well and told him to look in. The lion saw his own reflection in the water and roared! The sound of his roar bounced right back at him as an echo. "I alone am king of this jungle," he roared again. His echo answered him, "I alone am king of this jungle." With that, the lion became so enraged, he charged into the deep well with a great splash! The lion attacked his own reflection and was never heard from again.

Unit 6 Newspaper Article


Reading Featuring Photos Vs Featuring Athletics For a change of pace today in feature focus we're going to look at photos rather special photos, in fact. All photos in a newspaper picture important current events that is they have news value. But some of the most dramatic, as well as newsworthy pictures, are on the sports pages.There are at least two ways you can learn from news photos. One is by focusing on the captions to see what new English words and expressions you can learn.The second way is to think about what makes a good photograph, what the photo shows about the skill of the photographer. Being aware of those skills will make you a better photographer, too. So, what makes a good news photograph? First, of course, it must be about an important current event, so it has newsworthiness. Let's assume that all photos that appear in a newspaper have that the editors have already chosen them for that quality. Here are the other qualities that editors look for: Action: Photos are most interesting if something is happening if there is movement. Expression: Photos attract attention if they show people (or animals) displaying strong emotions. Composition: There is also art in good news photos. The photo editor will look at way the elements of the picture work together, their unity. This may be the way people are grouped, or lines that are formed by the elements of the picture. Timing: This is especially important in sports photos when one second too late or too early would reduce the impact of the picture. Lighting: Though not so important in sports photos, the way light and shadows mix in a photograph can make it more dramatic. Exercise! Answer these questions based on the text! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Why all photos in newspaper is important? What can you learn from news photos? How to make photos attract the attention? What is the function of lightning? Why do all news photos should be from current event?

Language Focus Article a and an

Use a + singular noun before a consonant sound. Example: He is a carpenter Use an + singular noun before a vowel sound.

Example: She is an astronaut. Time Expression

Use at +time of day ; night Use in + parts of day (except night) Use on+ days of the week Example: I get up I go to bed I leave work I get home Exercise 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Write a or an in correct places. He is carpenter. He works for construction company. He build schools and hospitals. She works for travel company and arranges tours. She travel agent. He has difficult job. Hes cashier. He works in supermarket. Shes architect. She works for big company. She builds house. Its interesting job. She works with computers in office. She is website designer. Shes also part-time student. She takes English class in the evening. Complete these sentences with time expressions! I get up six the morning weekdays. We have lunch three the afternoon Tuesday. She sleeps noon Sundays. I have little snack nine the evening. I start work 11.30 night. at 7:00 around ten early late in the morning in the evening in the afternoon at night on weekdays on weeknights on Fridays on Saturdays

Writing and Speaking Look at the photos! Choose one picture that you can talk about in conversation with friends. Why do you think it is a good photo? Is it a great photo?