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FILED: NEW YORK COUNTY CLERK 10/29/2013

NYSCEF DOC. NO. 11

SUPREME!COURT!OF!THE!STATE!OF!NEW!YORK!

COUNTY!OF!NEW!YORK!

INDEX NO. 159965/2013 RECEIVED NYSCEF: 10/29/2013

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NEW!YORK!STATE!SENATE!REPUBLICAN!
CAMPAIGN!COMMITTEE, !
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Petitioner, !
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COMMISSION!TO!INVESTIGATE!PUB LIC!
CORRUPTION, !
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Respondent. !
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MEMORANDUM!OF!LAW!IN!SUPPORT!OF! PETITION! TO!QUASH!AND!FOR!A!
PROTECTIVE!ORDER !
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Michael!Chertoff !
Robert! K.!Kelner !
COVINGTON!&!BURLING!LLP !
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1201!Pennsylvania!Avenue!
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Washington,!DC!10004 !
(202)!66226000 !
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Jennifer!Farina !
620!Eighth!Avenue !
New!York,!NY!10018 !
(212)!84121140 !
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Attorneys)for) Petitioner) New)York)State)Senate)
Republican)Campaign)Committee )
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TABLE!OF! C ONTENTS !

 

P

RELIMINARY! S

TATEMENT!

!1 !

S

TATEMENT!OF!

FACTS !

!1 !

ARGUMENT !

!6 !

 

POINT!I:!THE!COMMISSION’S!SUBPOENA!SHOULD!BE!QUASHED!AND!A! PROTECTIVE!ORDER!ISSUED!DIRECTING!THAT!THE!COMMITTEE! NEED!NOT!RESPOND!TO!IT. !

!6 !

 

A. !

The!Subpoena!is!Not!a!Valid!Exercise!of!the!Commission’s!Subpoena! Power. !

!7 !

B.

The!Subpoena!is!Overbroad!and!Unduly!Burdensome.!

!8 !

C. !

The!Subpoena!Unnecessarily!Abridges!the!Committee’s!First!Amendment!

 

Rights!of!Free!Political!Expression!and!Association.!

!9 !

 

D. !

The!Subpoena!is!Tainted!by!Impermissible!Partisan!Bias. !

!15 !

 

C ONCLUSION !

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i !

TABLE"OF"AUTHORITIES"

 

Page(s)

Cases "

303)W.)42nd)St.)Corp.)v.)Klein, ! 46!N.Y.2d!686!(1979) !

16 , ! 17,!18 !

 

Avella)v.)Batt , !

33!A.D.3d!77!(3d!Dep’t!2006)!

9,!11 !

Buckley)v.)Valeo , !

424!U.S.!1!(1976)!

!passim!

California)Democratic)Party)v.)Lungren, !

919!F.Supp.!1397!(N.D.!Cal.!1996)!

9 !

Carlisle)v.)Bennett , ! 268!N.Y.!212!(1935) !

6 !

City)of)Cleburne)v.)Cleburne)Living)Center , !

473!U.S.!432!(1985)!

15 !

Clubside,)Inc.)v.)Valentin , !

468!F.3d!144!(2d!Cir.!2006)

16 !

Colorado)Republican)Fed.)Campaign)Comm.)v.)FEC , !

518!U.S.!604!(1996)!

9,!11 !

Comm’n)on)Lobbying)v.)Simmons , ! 4!Misc.!3d!749!(Sup.!Ct.!Albany!Co.!2004) !

9 !

Crowley)Foods,)Inc.)v.)Lefkowitz , !

75!A.D.2d!940!(3d!Dep’t!1980)!

6 !

FEC)v.)Larouche! Campaign , !

817!F.2d!233!(2d!Cir.!1987)

12 !

FEC)v.)Machinists)Non QPartisan)Political)League, !

655!F.2d!380!(D.C.!Cir.!1981)!

11 !

Golden)v.)Clark, ! 76!N.Y.2d!618!(1990) !

15 !

Matter)of)Goverl)Consulting)Corp.)v. ) New)York)Temporary)State)Comm’n ) on)Lobbying, ! 113!A.D.!611!(3d!Dept.!1986),! rev’d)for)reasons)stated)in)dissent ,!68!N.Y.2d!839!(1986)

9 !

Green)Party)of)Connecticut)v.)Garfield, !

6

16!F.3d!213!(2d!Cir.!2010)

15 !

!

ii !

Harlen)Associates)v.)Inc.)Vill.)of)Mineola, !

273!F.3d!494!(2d!Cir.!2001)

15 ,! 16, ! 18 !

Kalkstein)v.)DiNapoli ,! 170!Misc.2d!165!(Sup.!Ct.!Albany!Co.!1996),! aff’d)in)relevant)part ,!228!A.D.2d!28 ! 6 ,! 7,!13 !

Kalkstein)v.)DiNapoli ,!

228!A.D.2d!28!(3d!Dep’t!1997)!

7,!10 !

Madole)v.)Barnes , ! 20!N.Y.2d!169!(1967) !

15 !

Myer)v.)Myer , !

2

71!A.D.!465!(1st!Dep’t!1946),! aff’d ,!296!N.Y.!979,!73!N.E.2d!562!(1947) !

15 !

Myerson)v.)Lentini)Bros.)Moving)&)Stor.)Co. , ! 33!N.Y.2d!250!(1973) !

6 ,!7 !

Natale)v.)Town)of)Ridgefield , !

170!F.3d!258!(2d!Cir.!1999)

15 !

New)York)Republ ican)State)Comm.)v.)New)York)State)Comm’n)on)Gov’t)Integrity, ! 138!Misc.!2d!790!(Sup.!Ct.!N.Y.!Co.!1988),!aff’d ,140!A.D.2d!1014!(1st!Dep’t!1988) 13,!14,!18 !

Nicholson)v.)State)Comm’n)on)Judicial)Conduct , ! 50!N.Y.2d!597!(1980) !

10 !

Nicholson)v.)State)Comm’n)on)Judicial)Conduct , ! 68!A.D.2d!851!(1979) !

8 !

In)re)Office)of)Att’y)Gen.)of)State)of)New)York,!

269!A.D.2d!1!(1st!Dep’t!2000)!

8 ,!9 !

Perry)v.)Schwarzenegger, )

591!F.3d!1147!(9th!Cir.!2010)!

11 !

San)Francisco)County)Democratic)Cent.)Comm.)v.)Eu,) 826!F.2d!814!(9th!Cir.1987),!aff’d ,!489!U.S.!214!(1989)!

10 !

Tashjian)v.)Republican)Party)of)Connecticut , !

479!U.S.!208!(1986)!

9 !

Vill.)of)Willowbrook)v.)Olech , !

528!U.S.!562!(2000)!

15 !

White)Bay)Enter.,)Ltd.)v.)Newsday,)Inc. , !

288!A.D.2d!211!(2d!Dep’t!2001)!

8 !

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Williams)v.)Rhodes , ! 393!U.S.!23!(1968)!(Douglas,!J.,!concurring) !

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Yick)Wo)v.)Hopkins , !

118!U.S.!356!(1886)!

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Statutes "

1988!N.Y.!Sess.!Law!Serv.!71 !

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CPLR!§!2304

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CPLR!§!3103

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N.Y.!Elec.! Law!Art.!14 !

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N.Y.!Elec.!Law!§!2 2100 !

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N.Y.!Elec.!Law!§!14 2100 !

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N.Y.!Elec.!Law!§!14 2102 !

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N.Y.!Elec.!Law!§!14 2124 !

2 ,! 14 !

N.Y.!Exec.!Law!§!6 !

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N.Y.!Exec.!Law!§!63 !

2 !

Constitutional"Provisions "

N.Y.!Const.!art.!I,!§!6 !

15,!17 !

N.Y.!Const.!art.!I,!§!11 !

15,!17 !

U.S.!Const.!amend.!I!

!passim!

U.S!Const.! amend.!XIV,! §!1 !

1 5 ,! 17 !

Other"Authorities "

Executive!Order!(Gov.!Andrew!Cuomo)!No.!106 !

2 ,!7 !

 

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Jesse!McKinley!&!Thomas!Kaplan,! Cuomo’s)Office)Is)Said)to)Rein)In)Ethics)Board)He)Created ,!

N.Y.!Times,!Oct.!8,!2013 !

5,! 17 !

Kenneth!Lovett,! Cuomo’s)anti Qcorruption)panel)stops)at)investigating)his)own)Democratic)party,!

N.Y.!Daily!News,!Oct.!3,!2013!

5,! 17 !

Kenneth!Lovett,! Gov.)Cuomo)leans)on)‘independent’)corruption)panel ,!N.Y.!Daily!News,!Sept.!

30,!2013

17 !

Rules!of!the!New!York!Republican!State! Committee!(2011) !

2 !

Thomas!Kaplan,! Panel)to)Investigate)State)Democratic)Party,!N.Y.!Times,!Oct.!15,!2013 ! 5,! 18 !

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Petitioner! New!York!State!Senate!Republican!Campaign!Committee!(the!

“Committee”)! submits ! this!memorandum! in!support!of!its ! petition ! pursuant!to!CPLR!2304 ! to!

quash!the! Septemb er!20,!2013!s ubpoena! d uces! t ecum! issued ! by!the! respondent ! Commission!to!

Investigate!Public!Corruption ! (the! “Commission ”), ! and!for!a!protective!order! pursuant!to!CPLR !

3103. !

PRELIMINARY" S TATEMENT "

The! Commission!has!issued!a! far2reaching! subpoena!that!demands ! production! by!

the!Committee,!a!New!York!State!political!party!committee,! of!it s!most!sensitive!internal!

documents.!!The!subpoena!seeks!do cuments!and!information!that!go ! to!the!heart!of!the!

Committee’s!political!functions,!and!it!reaches!beyond!the!campaign!finance2related!information!

that!the!Committee!is! already!required!by!law!to!disclose.!!By!issuing! an!overbroad!and!

burdensome!subpoena! without!sufficient!justification,!and!in!a!manner!that!strongly!suggests!

partisan!bias,! the!Commission! both! disrupts!t he!careful!balance!struck!by!the!State’s!existing!

campaign!finance!disclosure!regime!and!infringes!deeply!upon!the!Committee’s!rights!to!free!

political!expression!and!association.!!Moreover,!because!the!rules!and!procedures!governing!the!

Commission ’s! exercise!of!its!powers!remain!shrouded!in!mystery,!the!Commission!has!exceeded!

its!own! lawful!authority!to!issue!the! subpoena.!!To!protect!the! Committee’s!fundamental!rights!

under!the!United!States!and!New!York!State!Constitutions!against!the! partisan!use!of!st ate!

power,!the!Committee!requests!that! the!Court!quash!the!subpoena!and!issue!a!protective!order!

directing!that!the! Committee!need!not!respond!to!the!subpoena’s!remaining!demands . !

S TATEMENT"OF" FACTS "

The! Committee! is!the!campaign!arm!of!the! Republican!members!of!the!New!York!

State!Senate.!! Affidavit!of!Judy!Crane,!¶! 3.!! It!is!a! “party!committee, ”! as!defined!in!N.Y.!Elec.!

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Law!§!14 2100!(McKinney)!and!provided!for!by!N.Y.!Elec.!Law!§!22100!(McKinney). ! ! Id .,!¶!3!

and!Exhibit!1!(Rules!of!the!New!York!Republican!St ate!Committee!(2011),! also!available!at!

http://www.wnyrepublicans.com/1/nys 2 committee2rules.pdf ). ! ! Its!“housekeeping!account ”! is!a!

segregated ! account! compris ing! “monies!received!and!expenditures!made! … ! to!maintain!a!

permanent!headquarters!and!staff!and!carry!on!ordinary!activities!which!are!not!for!the!express!

purpose!of!promoting!the!candidacy!of!specific!candidates.”! ! N.Y.!Elec.!Law!§!14 2124 (3)!

(McKinney)m!Affidavit!of!Judy!Crane,!¶¶!6 27 . ! ! The!Committee’s! housekeeping!account!is!an!

administrative!arrangem ent .!!It!is ! not!a!separate! legal! entity!or!otherwise!separable!from!the!

Committee!as!a!whole.!! Affidavit!of!Judy!Crane,!¶!7. !

The! Commission!was!appointed!by!Governor!Andrew!Cuomo! on!July!2,!2013,!

p ursuant!to!N.Y.!Exec.!Law!§!6!(McKinney)!( “Moreland!Act ”)! and! N.Y.!Exec.!Law!§!63!

(McKinney).!! S ee) Executive!Order!(Gov.!Andrew!Cuomo)!No.!106. ! ! Governor!C uomo ’s!

Executive!Order!instructed! this! “Moreland!Commission ”! to! “[i]nvestigate!the!State!Board!of!

Elections, ”! Exec.!Order!106!§!II(a),!“[i]nvestigate!weaknesses ! in!existing!laws,!regulations!and!

procedures!relating!to!the!regulation!of!lobbying, ”! id .!at! §!II(b),!and! “[i]nvestigate!weaknesses!in!

existing!laws,!regulations!and!procedures!relating!to!addressing!public!corruption,!conflicts!of!

interest, ! and!ethics!in ! State!Government.”! ! Id

Commissioners ! “powers!to!subpoena, ”! id .!at!

.!at!§!II(c). ! ! The!Executive!Order!gave!the!

§!V,!but!only!if!“the!Co 2Chairpersons!…!

unanimously!approve!any!subpoena!prior!to!its!issuance,”! id .!at! §!V(1),!and!only! if! “the!Co 2

Chairpersons!… ! unanimously!approve!such!procedures!and!rules!as!they!believe!necessary!to!

govern!the!exercise!of!the!powers!and!authority!given!or!granted!to!the!Commissioners ! .!.!.!,!

including!rules!designed!to!provide!transparency!while!protecting!the!integrity!of!the!

investigat ion!and!rights!to!privacy. ”!! Id.!at! §!V(2). !

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On!September! 2 0,!2013,!the!Committee!received!a!subpoena!duces!tecum!(the!

“Subpoena”)!from!the!Commission!demanding!extensive!information!about!the!Committee’s !

internal! communications!and ! housekeeping! account .!! Affirmation!of!Michael!Chertoff,!¶¶!2 23!

and!Exhibit!1!(Subpoena).!!The!S ubpoena!was!directed!to! “New!York!Senate!Republican!

Campaign!Committee2Housekeeping!( “SRH”), ”! despite!the!fact!that! “housekeeping”! is!not!a!

separate!entity!from!the!Committee! as!a!whole. ! ! Id .m!Affidavit!of!Judy!Crane,!¶¶!627.!! The!

S ubpoena!broadly!defined! “SRH”! to!mean! “NEW!YORK!SENATE!REPUBLICAN!

CAMPAIGN!COMMITTEE2HOUSEKEEPING.![sic] ! and!all!its!principals,!executives,!

representatives,!agents,!affiliates,!present!or!former!parents,!subsidiaries,!related!entities,!

directors,!officers,!chairs,!partners,!principals,!owners,!supervisors,!employees,!agents,!

representatives,!contractors,!attorneys!or!other!persons!acting!on!its!behalf,!its!respective!

predecessors!or!successors!or!an y!of!the!affiliates!of!the!foregoing. ”!! Affirmation!of!Michael!

Chertoff,!Exhibit!1!(Subpoena),!at!2 . !

The!S ubpoena!demanded!that!the!Committee!produce! the!following!documents ! in!

unredacted!form,!see) Affirmation!of!Michael!Chertoff,!Exhibit!1!(Subpoena),!at!3 ,! for!the!time!

period ! January!1,!2012,!to!the!present:! !

(1)! “An!organizational!chart!of!SRH’s!operations,!a!list!of!SRH’s!full 2time!

employees!and!the!titles!and!job!responsibilities!of!such!employees, ” !

(2)! “Documents!relating!to!financial!transactions,!in cluding!contributions!received!

and!made,!transfers!(in!and!out),!receipts,!expenditures,!and!expenses,”! !

(3)! “Documents!sufficient!to!identify!all!expenditures!related!to!the!maintenance!

of!a!permanent!party!headquarters!and!payment!of!permanent!staff,”! !

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(4)! “Documents!and!Communications!relating!to!the!2012!New!York!State!Senate!

elections!(“Elections ”),!including!Documents!and!Communications!involving!any!public!official,!

political!candidate,!political!entity,!political!campaign,!political!action!committee,!political!

committee,!or!political!party!organizationm!including!the!NEW!YORK!STATE!

INDEPENDENCE!PARTY!HOUSEKEEPING!ACCOUNT!(“ IPH” ), ”! !

(5)! “Documents!and!Communications!involving!or!relating!to!IPH,!including!

discussions!about!the!Elections, ”!

(6)! “Documen ts!and!Communications!involving!the!production!or!proposed!

production!of!any!media!materials,!including!television!or!print!advertisements!or!mailers,!

including!by!DIGITAL!X2PRESS!and!by!STRATEGIC!MEDIA!PLACEMENT,!and!including!

the!production!of!materials! for!the!Elections, ” !

(7)! “Materials!created!for!SRH!(directly!or!indirectly)!or!for!IPH!by!DIGITAL!X2

PRESS, ”! and!

(8)! “Materials!created!for!SRH!(directly!or!indirectly)!or!for!IPH!by!STRATEGIC!

MEDIA!PLACEMENT. ” ! ! Affirmation!of!Michael!Chertoff,!Exhibit!1!(S ubpoena),!at!6. !

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Because!t he! Committee’s! “housekeeping ”! account! is!simply!an!administrative!

account, ! and!not!a!separate!entity!with ! a!distinct!staff!or!structure,! these!requests!potentially!call!

for!production!of! all!of!the!Committee’s! internal!and!external ! communications!regarding!the!

2012!election. !! See) Affidavit!of!Judy!Crane,!¶¶!6 2 7. !

According!to!media!reports,!the!Commission!initially!sought!documents!from!the!

Committee!and!the!New!York!State!Independence!Party, 1 !! and!possibly!the! New!York!State!

Democratic!Senate!Campaign!Committee. 2 !! But!the!Commission! reportedly!agreed!to!subpoena!

the!New!York!State!Democratic!Committee— which!has!its!own!housekeeping!account ! and,!

significantly,!is!the!party!committee!most!closely!associated!with! the!Executive— only!after!the!

Executive’s ! involvement!in!the!Commission’s!operations!became!public,!leading!to!public!

condemnation!of!the!Commission’s!partisan!nature. 3 !! As!of!this!date,!there!is!no!public!evidence!

that!the!Commission!has!in!fact!issued!a!subpoena!to!the!New!York! State!Democratic!

Committee.!

After!the!Commission!granted!the!Committee’s!request!for!an!extension! of!the!

return!date!for!the! Subpoena! to!October!30,!2013 ,!the!Committee! made!a!targeted!production!of!

documents ! that!responded!to!the!Subpoena’s!demands!1!and ! 3!for,!respectively,!organizational!

information!about!the!SRH!(which,!because!the!housekeeping!account!is!not!a!separate!entity,!

was!information!about!the!Committee’s!organization)!and!a!log!of!the!housekeeping!account ’s!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!! !

1 ! See! Jesse!McKinley!&!Thomas!Kaplan,! Cuomo’s)Office)Is)Said)to)Rein)In)Ethics)Board)He) Created ,!N.Y.!Times,!Oct.!8,!2013,!http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/08/nyregion/cuomos 2 office2is 2said2to 2rein2in 2ethics 2board 2he2created.html.!

2 ! ) Kenneth!Lovett,! Cuomo ’s)anti Qcorruption)panel)stops)at)investigating)his)own)Democratic) party,!N.Y.!Daily!News,!Oct.!3,!2013, !http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics /cuomo 2anti 2 corruption 2panel 2won 2probe2party2 article 21.1474800 . !

3 ! See) Thomas!Kaplan,! Panel)to)Investigate)State)Democratic)Party,!N.Y.!Times,!Oct.!15,!2013,! http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/16/nyregion/panel 2to 2investigate2state 2democratic2party.html . !

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expenditures,!which!the!Committee!was!already!required! by!law!to!disclose! to!the!New!York!

State!Board!of!Elections ! (“SBOE

”). ! ! Affirmation!of!Michael!Chertoff,!¶¶!2 25m!Affidavit!of!Judy!

Crane,!¶!8.!! On!October!21,!2013 ,!the!Committee!sent!a!letter!to!the!Commission!requesting!that!

the!Subpo ena!be!withdrawn.!! Affirmation!of!Michael!Chertoff,!¶!6 ! and!Exhibit!2!(letter).!! The!

Commission!responded!by!letter!on!October!29,!2013,!declining!to!withdraw!the!Subpoena. !!

Affirmation!of!Michael!Chertoff,!¶¶!7 28 ! and!Exhibit! 3 ! (response!letter). !

ARGUMENT "

POINT!I: ! THE!COMMISSION ’S!SUBPOENA!SHOULD!BE!QUASHED!AND!A!PROTECTIVE! ORDER!ISSUED!DIRECTING!THAT!THE!COMMITTEE!NEED!NOT!RESPOND!TO!IT. !

The! subpoena!power!of!state!bodies!is!not!without!limit!and!must!be!exercised!

with!great!care,!especially!when!it!is!levied!against!political!organizati ons!and!aimed!at!

discovering! core!political!speech.!! “ There!are!limits!upon!the!power!of!public!officials!authorized!

to!issue!subpoenas. ”!! Kalkstein)v.)DiNapoli ,! 170!Misc.2d!165,!170 ! (Sup.!Ct.!Albany!Co.!1996),!

aff ’d)in)relevant)part ,! 228!A.D.2d!28! (quotin g! Myerson)v.)Lentini)Bros.)Moving)&)Stor.)Co. ,!33!

N.Y.2d!250 ,!256 ! (1973))! (hereinafter! Kalkstein)I ).!!! The! New!York!State! Court!of!Appeals!has!

emphasized! that! “t he!statutory!authorization!to!issue!subpoenas!would!not!be!construed!to!allow!

[a!public!official] ! to!embark!upon!a!roving!course!to!pry!into!the!affairs!of!any!person.”!!

Myerson ,!33!N.Y.2d!at!256!(citing! Carlisle)v.)Bennett ,!268!N.Y.!212,!217 2 18!(1935 )). !!

Accordingly,!p arties!who!are!“subject!to!a! ‘non 2judicial ’! subpoena!duces!tecum!may!

!

always!chal lenge!the!subpoena!in!court!on!the!ground!it!calls!for!irrelevant!or!immaterial!

documents!or!subjects!the!witness!to!harassment.” !! Kalkstein) I,! 170!Misc.2d!at!171 ! (quoting!

Myerson ,!33!N.Y.2d!at!256). !! “An!agency!issuing!a!nonjudicial!subpoena!must!show!its !

authority,!the!relevancy!of!the!items!sought!and!some!factual!basis!for!inquisitorial!action . ”!! Id .!

at!170! (quoting! Crowley)Foods,)Inc.)v.)Lefkowitz ,!75!A.D.2d!940,!941!(3d!Dep’t!1980 ),! citing !

!

6 !

Myerson ,! 33!N.Y.2d!250 ).!! Commissions!are!bound!by!these!principles!even!if!their!purpose!is!

not!to!“uncover!wrongdoing!with!respect!to!current!law,”! but!to! “determin[e]!the!necessity!for!

new!laws[.] ”!! Id.!at!171. !

Where!the!material!requested!implicates!the!target ’s!right!of! free! political!

association,!the!burden!to! defend!the!subpoena!is!even!higher:!!“[T]he!government ’s!quest!for!

information!is!precluded!unless!it!shows!‘that!there!are!governmental!interests!sufficiently!

important!to!outweigh!the!possibility!of!infringement!of!1st!Amendment!rights . ’”) Kalkstein)v.)

Di Napoli ,!228!A.D.2d!28,!31!(3d!Dep ’t ! 1997)!(quoting! Buckley)v.)Valeo ,!424!U.S.!1,! 66!(1976))!

(internal!brackets!omitted)! (her einafter! Kalkstein)II)m! see) U.S.!Const.!amend.!I. !

Here,!the!S ubpoena!should!be!quashed!and!a! protective!order!issued!because!the!

S ub poena!results!from!an!improper!exercise!of!the!Commission’s!subpoena!powerm!is!overbroad!

and!burdensomem!infringes!upon!the!Committee’s!rights!of!free!political!expression!and!

associationm!and!reflects!that!the!Commission!is!operating!in!a!partisan!manner!that!is!prejudicial!

to!the!Committee! and! therefore! “subjects!the![Committee]!to!harassment. ”!! Kalkstein)I,!170!

Misc.2d!at!171. !

A. !

The"Subpoena"is"Not"a"Valid"Exercise"of"the"Commission ’s"Subpoena"Power. "

The! S ubpoena! should!be!quashed!because!the!Commission!lacks!the!authority!to!

issue!it.!!The!Executive!Order!establishing!the!Commission!requires!it!to!unanimously!adopt!

“rules!designed!to!provide!transparency!while!protecting!the!integrity!of!the!investigation!and!

rights!to!privacy. ”!! Executive!Order!(Gov.!Andr ew!Cuomo)!No.!106!§!(V)(2).!!Promulgation!of!

those!rules!is!a!predicate!to!the!Commission’s!subpoena!power.!!The!Commission!does!not!

appear!to!have!promulgated!the!necessary!procedures!and!rules! “to!govern!the!exercise!of!the!

powers!and!authority!given!or! granted!to!the!Commissioners. ”!! Id . !! The!Committee! has ! requested!

that!the!Commission!make! available!its!procedures!and!rules.!! Affirmation ! of!Michael!Chertoff,!¶!

7 !

!

6

! (letter)! and!Exhibit!2.!!The!Commission!has! m et!thi s!request!with!silence. !! Absent!any!publi c!

indication!that!the!Commission!had ,!prior!to!issuing!the!Subpoena, ! adopted!rul es!and!procedures!

adequate!to!protect ! the!integrity!of!the!Commission ’s!investigation!and!the!privacy!interests!of!

subpoenaed!parties,!as!required!by!the!Governor’s!Executive!Order,!the!Subpoena!is!invalid. !! See!

Nicholson)v.)State)Comm’n)on)Judicial)Conduct ,!68!A.D.2d!851,!852!(1979)!(granting!motion!to!

quash!subpoena!regarding!certain!requests! because!of! Commission ’s!failure!to!follow!predicate!

statutory!procedures ! as!to!those! requests ).!!! !! ! !

B. !

The"Subpoena"is"Overbroad"and"Unduly"Burdensome. "

Subpoenas!that!are! overbroad!and!unduly!burdensome! are!unenforceable.!! White)

Bay)Enter.,)Ltd.)v.)Newsday,)Inc.,!288!A.D.2d!211,!212!(2d!Dep’t!2001)!(quashing!subpoenas!

that!were!“overly!broad!and!unduly!burdensome”)m! see)also ! CPLR! §! 3103 .!! “[A]!subpoena!

should!be!quashed!when!the!materials!sought!are,!in!fact,!irrelevant!to!a!legitimate!subject!of!

inquiry,!or!when!the!subpoena!is!being!used!for!a!fishing!expedition!to!ascertain!the!existence! of!

evidence. ”!! In)re)Office)of)Att ’y)Gen.)of)State)of)New)York,!269!A.D.2d!1,!12 213!(1st!Dep ’t!2000)!

(citations!omitted). !

The! S ubpoena! at!issue!here! includes!requests!for!all!financial!records,!and!for! all!

“Documents!and!Communications!relating!to!the!2012! New!York!State!Senate!elections.”!!!See)

Affirmation!of!Michael!Chertoff,!Exhibit!1!(Subpoena)!at!6. ! These!requests!are!sweepingly!

broad.!! “New!York!State!Senate!elections ”! are!the!very!purpose!of!the!Committee’s!existence.!!

Affidavit!of!Judy!Crane,!¶!4. !! Consequently,!the!S ubpoena!potentially!demands! all ! of!the!

Committee’s!paper!and!electronic!documents!and!communications!over!a!nearly!two2 year!period,!

including!an!election!year. !! Complying!with!these!requests!would!be!acutely!burdensome. !

The!Committee!has ! already!produced!to!the!Commission!or!publicly!provides ! to!

the! SBOE! reports!of!all!of!its!financial!transactions.!! Affirmation! of!Michael!Chertoff,!¶!5m! !

!

8

Affidavit!of!Judy!Crane,!¶!8. !! The!Commission!has!no!factual!basis!for!asserting!that!the!

voluminous!additional!materials!it!seeks!are!relevant!to!the!investigat ion ,!and!has!made!no!

meaningful!effort!to!ensure!that!the!Subpoena!was!closely!drawn.!!Even!if!the!Commission!were!

within!its!authority!to!issue!the!Subpoena,!which!it!is!not,!“no!agency!of!governm ent!may!

conduct!an!unlimited!and!general!inquisition!into!the!affairs!of!persons!within!its!jurisdiction!

solely!on!the!prospect!of!possible!violations!of!law!being!discovered,!especially!with!respect!to!

subpoenas!duces!tecum. ” !! See)Matter)of)Goverl)Consult ing)Corp.)v. ) New)York)Temporary)State)

Comm’n)on)Lobbying ,!113!A.D.!611,!614 2615!(3d!Dept.!1986)!(Mahoney,!P.J.,!dissenting),! rev’d)

for)reasons)stated)in)dissent ,!68!N.Y.2d!839,!841!(1986)! (internal!quotation!omitted)m! s ee)also,)

e.g. ,! Comm’n)on)Lobbying)v.) Simmons ,!4!Misc.!3d!749,!754!(Sup.!Ct.!Albany!Co.!2004)!

(quashing!subpoenas!when!state!commission!had! demonstrated!neither!the!relevance!of!nor!a!

“basis!for!the!inquisition ”! into!financial!records). ) !! If!the!Subpoena!is!enforced,!it! would!allow!

the!C ommiss ion!to!conduct!an!unbounded! “ fishing!expedition ”! into!the!Committee’s!political!

activities.!! In)re)Office)of)Att ’y)Gen.)of)State)of)New)York,!269!A.D.2d!at! 13 . !! !! !

C. !

The"Subpoena"Unnecessarily"Abridges"the"Committee’s"First"Amendment" Rights"of"Free"Political " Expression"and"Association."

The!Commission’s!demands!for!documents!reflecting!the!Committee’s!internal!

strategic!communications!violate!the!Committee’s!fundamental!First!Amendment!rights.!!The!

First!Amendment ,! U.S.!Const.!amend.!I., ! protects!the!free!expression!and!association!rights!of!

political!party!organizations .!! Avella)v.)Batt ,! 33!A.D.3d!77,!83!(3d!Dep’t! 2006)! (citing! Colorado)

Republican)Fed.)Campaign)Comm.)v.)FEC ,!518!U.S.!604,!615 216!(1996))m! Tashjian)v.)

Republican)Party)of)Connecticut ,!479!U.S.!20 8,!214!(1986)m! Buckley,!424!U.S.! at! 15m! California)

Democratic)Party)v.)Lungren ,!919!F.Supp.!1397,!1400!(N.D.!Cal.!1996)!( “ Because!individuals!

exercise!their!free!speech!rights!by!participating!in!political!parties,!political!parties!also!possess!

!

9 !

First!Amen dment!rights. ”)! (citing) San)Francisco)County)Democratic)Cent.)Comm.)v.)Eu,)826!

F.2d!814,!818!(9th!Cir.1987),!aff ’d ,!489!U.S.!214!(1989)). !

Subpoenas!that!demand!the!records!of!a!political!organization!“tread[]!on!the!right!

of!political!association!which!is! protected!by!the!1st!Amendment. ”!! Kalkstein)II! at!30.!!Because!

of!this!potential!interference!with!fundamental!rights,!“the!government ’s!quest!for!information!is!

precluded!unless!it!shows!‘that!there!are!governmental!interests!sufficiently!important!to!

out weigh!the!possibility!of!infringement!of!1st!Amendment!rights . ’”)) Id. ! at!31! (quoting! Buckley,!

424!U.S.!at!66)m! see)also ! Nicholson)v.)State)Comm’n)on)Judicial)Conduct

,!50!N.Y.2d!597,!607!

(1980)!(“ A!proper!analysis ”! of!interference!with!First!Amendment!right s! “ calls!for!examination!

of!the!degree!of!interference!with!the!First!Amendment!interests,!the!strength!of!the!

governmental!interest!justifying!the!restriction!and!the!means!chosen!to!prevent!the!asserted!

evil ”).!!The!Commission ’s!S ubpoena!should!be!quashed!because!the!degree!of!interference!with!

the!Committee’s!First!Amendment!rights!outweighs!the!slight!interest,!if!any,!that!the!

Commission!may!have!in!the!vast!array!of!internal!Committee!documents!and!communications !

sought!by!the! S ubpoena. !! This!is!especially!so!in!light!of!the!fact!that!there!is!no!allegation!of!

unlawful!conduct!by!the!Committee. !!

As!noted! above,!the!Commission ’s!broad!S ubpoena!requests!potentially!cover!all!

of!the!Committee’s!paper!and!electronic!documents!and!communications!over!a!nearly!two 2 ye ar!

period.!!In!particular,!the!S ubpoena’s ! request!for! “ Documents!and!Communications!relating!to!

the!2012!New!York!State!Senate!elections ”! would!compel!the!Committee!to!produce!its!most!

sensitive!documents!and!communications!related!to!political!st rategies,!goals,!and!plans!during!

an!election!year.!!These!documents!and!communications!contain!internal!deliberations!related!to!

the!Committee’s!public!activities,!including!public!advertisements,!iss ue2b ased!advocacy,!and!

!

10 !

other!polit ical!expenditures.!!A! separate!S ubpoena!request!specifically!demands!all! “Documents!

and!Communicat ions!involving!the!production!or! proposed!production!of!any!media!materials,!

including!television!or!print!advertisements!or!mailers!…!. ”!! Such! “media!materials ”! are!the!core!

mean s!of!political!expression!for!a!modern!political!party.!!The!Commission’s!demands!therefore!

strike!at!the!very! heart ! of!the!First!Amendment ’s!protections ! for!political!speech!and!association . !!

As!the!United!States!Supreme!Court!has!emphasized: !

A! political! party’ s! independent! expression! not! only! reflects! its! members ’! views!about!the!philosophical!and!governmental!matters! that! bind! them! together,! it! also! seeks! to! convince! others! to! join! those!members!in!a!practical!democratic!task,!the!task!of!creating!a! gove rnment! that! voters! can! instruct! and! hold! responsible! for! subsequent! success! or! failure.! The! independent! expression! of! a! political! party’s! views!is! ‘core’ ! First!Amendment!activity! no!less! than! is! the! independent! expression! of! individuals,! candidates,! or! oth er!political!committees . !

Colorado)Republican)Fed.)Campaign)Comm. ,!518!U.S.! at! 615 – 616 ! (quoted!in! Batt ,! 33!A.D.!3d!

at!83 ). !

If!the!Committee!is!required!to!turn!over!to!the!Commission!all!of!its!documents!

and!communications!related!to!the!2012!election,!as!well!as!all!of!its!documents!and!

communications!related!to!the!Committee’s!television!or!print!advertisements — two!of!several!

far2 reaching!requests — the!Committee’s!exercise!of!its!right!to!free!political!expression!and!

association,!and!that!of!other!political!party!committees!in! New!York!State,!would!be!chilled.!!

See) Perry)v.)Schwarzenegger, ! 591!F.3d!1147,!1162!(9th!Cir.!2010)!(s tating!that!the!court!had!

“little!difficulty!concluding!that!disclosure!of!internal!campaign!communications ”! could!have! a!

chilling!effect! “on!the!exercise!of!protected!activities,”! because!“disclosure!of!such!information!

can!have!a!deterrent!effect!on!participation!in!campaigns ”! and!“ can!have!a!deterrent!effect!on!the!

free!flow!of!information!within!campaigns, ”! which!is! “[i]mplicit!in!the!right!to!associate!with!

others!to!advance!one’s!shared!political!beliefs ”)m! FEC)v.)Machinists)NonQPartisan)Political)

!

11 !

League,!655!F.2d!380,!388!(D.C.!Cir.!1981)!(“release!of!such!information!to!the!government!

carries!with!it!a!real!potential!for!chillin g!the!free!exercise!of!political!speech!and!association!

guarded!by!the!first!amendment ”).!!Exposing!sensitive!political!strategies!related!to!state!races,!

as!well!as!the!Committee’s!private!discussions!on!the!strengths!and!weaknesses!of!particular!

candidat es!or!political!issues,!would!discourage!political!party!committees!from!engaging!in!free!

internal!discussions!in!the!future.!!! !

In!contrast!to!the!high!degree!of!interference!with!the!Committee’s!First!

Amendment!interests,!the!Commission ’s!interest!in!col lecting!the!Committee’s!internal!

communications!and!records!is!slight.!!There!is!no!factual!basis!for!the!Commission’s!demands,!

nor!are!there!any!allegations!of!unlawful!activity!by!the!Committee.!!“When!such![First!

Amendment]!concerns!appear,!an!administrative!agency!is!not!automatically!entitled!to!obtain!all!

material!that!may!in!some!way!be!relevant!to!a!proper!investigation.!Rather,!where!the!disclosure!

sought!will!compromise!the!privacy!of!individual!political!associations,!and!hence!risks!a!

chilling!o f!unencumbered!associational!choices,!the!agency!must!make!some!showing!of!need!for!

the!material!sought!beyond!its!mere!relevance!to!a!proper!investigation. ”! ) FEC)v.)Larouche!

Campaign,!817!F.2d!233,!234!2235!(2d!Cir.!1987).!!While!the!Commission!may!disapp rove!of!

the!fact!that!New!York!law!allows!political!party!committees!to!operate!housekeeping!accounts!

that!are!not!subject!to!contribution!limits,!disapproval!of!existing!law!is!not!an!adequate!basis!for!

intruding!deeply!into!the!most!sensitive!political!communications!of!a!political!party. !

In!addition!to!lacking!a!sufficient!interest!in!the!requested!documents!and!

communications,!it!is!apparent!from!the!sheer!breadth!of!the!S ubpoena!that!the!Commission!has!

not!attempted!to! “employ[]!means!closely!drawn!to! avoid!unnecessary!abridgment!of!

associational!freedoms.”!! Buckley,!424!U.S.!at!25.!!In!adopting!and!fine2tuning!New!York ’s!

!

12 !

campaign!finance!disclosure!laws,!the!State!has!previously!weighed!its!interest!in!preventing!

corruption!against!the!need!for!compell ed!disclosure!of!political!activities.!!It!has!struck!a!careful!

legislative!balance,!under!which!political!party!committees!must!report!all!receipts!and!

expenditures!of!their!housekeeping!accounts!to!the!SBOE,!but!need!not!disclose!their!internal!

deliberat ions.!!The!Commission ’s! S ubpoena!would!upset!this!balance!by!compelling!production!

of!a!political!party!committee’s!most!sensitive,!internal!political!communications!and!records!

without!due!cause.!! See! Kalkstein)I,! at!168,!171 272!(committee’s!purpose!of!determining!

“whether!existing!election,!ethics!and!related!laws!and!regulations!relating!to!the!activities!of!

[the!subpoena!target]!are!adequate!to!protect!the!public!interest ”! was!fully!satisfied! “by!the!

petitioners ’! furnishing!respondents!the!names!of!cont ributors,!the!respective!amounts!

contributed,!and!where!and!for!what!such!contributions!were!spent ” ). !

Although!a!quarter!century!ago,!a!court!did!enforce!a!subpoena!for!housekeeping!

account!documents!against!the!New!York!Republican!State!Committee,!rejecti ng!First!

Amendment!objections,!that!case!is!distinguishable!in!several!significant!respects.!!New)York)

Republican)State)Comm.)v.)New)York)State)Comm’n)on)Gov’t)Integrity,!138!Misc.!2d!790!!(Sup.!

Ct.!N.Y.!Co.!1988), ! aff ’d ,140!A.D.2d!1014!(1st!Dep’t!1988). )

First ,!in!that!case,!in!which!the!New!York!State!Commission!on!Government!

Integrity! requested!records!of!the!party!committee ’s!housekeeping!account ! receipts!and!

expenditures ,!the!subpoena!was!limited!to!those!records.!! The!Court!noted!that!it! “fail[ed]!to!s ee!

how! limited)disclosure! of!the!petitioners ’! ‘housekeeping’! finances!will!have!a!chilling!effect!on!

any!person ’s!First!Amendment!rights,!in!light!of!the!disclosure!requirements!already!in!effect!

pursuant!to!Election!Law!Art.!14.”!! Id. ! at!798 ! (emphasis!add ed).!! The!Subpoena! at!issue!in!this!

!

13 !

case,!in!contrast,!sweeps!far!more!broadly!and!includes!demands!for!internal!and!external!

communications!regarding!the!entire!2012!election.!

Second ,! at!the!time! the! New)York)Republican)State)Committee! case!was!decided,!

New!York!State ’s!campaign!finance!law! did!not!yet!require!dis closure!of!housekeeping!account !

receipts!and!expenditures . !! Today,!housekeeping!accounts!are! subject!to!detailed! reporting!

requirements.!! See! N.Y.!Elec.!Law!§ § !14 2102 ,! 14 2 124(3)!(2012)! (exempting!housekeeping!

accounts!from!contribution!and!receipt!limits,!but!not!reporting!requirement s)m!1988!N.Y.!Sess.!

Law!Serv.!71!(McKinney)!(amending!the!financial!disclosure!law!to!remove!the!disclosure!

exception!for!housekeeping!accounts).!! In!amending!its!camp aign!finance!law,!the!State!has!now!

specifically!addressed!the!role!of!housekeeping!accounts!and!struck!a!balance!between!the!need!

to!require!disclosure!of!housekeeping!account ! financial!transactions ! and!the!countervailing!need!

to!avoid!undue!intrusion!int o!the!internal!activities!and!deliberations!of!a!political!party!

committee.!!Unlike!the!subpoena!at!issue!in!New)York)Republican)State)Committee,!the!

Subpoena!here!would! compel!disclosure!that!the!State!expressly!chose! not ! to!require!when!it!

adopted!its!ho usekeeping!account!disclosure!requirements.!!Moreover,!because!housekeeping!

accounts!are!already!required!to!disclose!publicly!from!whom!they!raise!funds!and!to!whom!they!

make!expenditures,! the!Commission!does!not! now!have!the!same!interest,!claimed!by!the!

Commission!in! New)York)Republican)State)Committee, ! in!obtaining!discovery!to! investigat e! the!

use!of!housekeeping!accounts .!!Detailed!information!concerning!housekeeping!account!receipts!

and!expenditures! is!readily!available!to!the!Commission!from!public!s ources.!!!

For!all!of!these!re asons,!the!S ubpoena!will!cause!significant!and!unwarranted!

interference!with!the!C ommittee’s! free!speech!and!association!rights!and!should!be!quashed ,!and!

a!protective!order!issued!stating!that!the!Committee!need!not!produce!the!materials . !

!

14 !

D.

!

The"Subpoena"is"Tainted"by" Impermissible" Partisan"Bias."

Political!parties!are!embraced!by!the!protections!of!the!Fourteenth!Amendment,!

U.S!Const.!amend.!XIV,!§!1 ,! see,! e.g., ! Green)Party)of)Connecticut)v.)Garfield,!616!F.3d!213,!

224 2228!(2d!Cir.!2010),!and!are!likewise!guaranteed!fair!treatment!under!the!law!by!the!New!

York!State!constitution,! see,)e.g. ,! Madole)v.)Barnes ,!20!N.Y.2d!169,!173!(1967)m!N.Y.!Const.!art.!

I,!§!6m!N.Y.!Const.!art.!I,!§!11m! s ee)also)Golden)v.)Clark,!76!N.Y.2d!618,!624!(1 990)!(noting!that!

the!New!York!State!C onstitution’s! “equal!protection!guarantee!is!as!broad!in!its!coverage!as!that!

of!the!Fourteenth!Amendment ”). !! !

“The!essence!of!the!right!to!equal!protection!of!the!laws!is!that!all!persons!

similarly!situated!be!treated ! alike. ”!! Madole,!20!N.Y.2d!at!173!(quoting! Myer)v.)Myer ,!271!A.D.!

465,!472!(1st!Dep’t!1946), ! aff ’d ,!296!N.Y.!979,!73!N.E.2d!562!(1947)).!!In!other!words,!the!

Fourteenth!Amendment ’ s!Equal!Protection!clause!generally!prohibits!state!governments!from!

treatin g!groups!differently!based!on!“arbitrary” ! or! “irrational ”! distinctions.!! See,)e.g. , ) City)of)

Cleburne)v.)Cleburne)Living)Center ,!473!U.S.!432,!446 247!(19 85).!!Discrimination!on!the!basi s!

of!political!association!is!generally!invidious.!! See)Williams)v.)Rhod es ,!393!U.S.!23,!39!(1968)!

(Douglas,!J.,!concurring). !! Furthermore,!the!Due!Process!clause!“prohibits!conduct!that!is!so!

outrageously!arbitrary!as!to!constitute!a!gross!abuse!of!governmental!authority.”!! Harlen)

Associates)v.)Inc.)Vill.)of)Mineola ,!273!F.3d ! 494,!505!(2d!Cir.!2001)! (quoting! Natale)v.)Town)of)

Ridgefield,!170!F.3d!258,!263!(2d!Cir.!1999)). !

These!principles!prohibit!the!government!from!selective!enforcement!of!the!law.!!

S ee,)e.g . , ) Yick)Wo)v.)Hopkins ,!118!U.S.!356!(1886).!! ! It!is ! “the!purpose!of!the!equal!protection!

clause!of!the!Fourteenth!Amendment!…!to!secure!every!person!within!the!State’s!jurisdiction!

against!intentional!and!arbitrary!discrimination,!whether!occasioned!by!express!terms!of!a!statute!

or!by!its!improper!execution!through!duly!constituted!agents. ”!! Vill.)of)Willowbrook)v.)Olech ,!

!

15 !

528!U.S.!562,!564!(2000)!(internal!quotation! and!modifications!omitted).!! To!demonstrate!

unconstitutional!disparate!treatment ,!a! party!must!show! either! “(1)!that! [it!was] ! treated!differently!

from!other!sim ilarly!situated!individuals,!and!(2)!that!such!differential!treatment!was!based!on!

impermissible!considerations!such! as! …! intent!to!inhibit!or!punish!the!exercise!of!constitutional!

rights,!or!malicious!or!bad!faith!intent!to!injure!a!person , ”!! s ee) Harlen)Associates ,!273!F.!3d! ! at!

499!!(internal!quotations!omitted),!or!that! “no!rational!person!could!regard!the!circumstances!of!

the!plaintiff!to!differ!from!those!of!a!comparator!to!a!degree!that!would!justify!the!differential!

treatment!on!the!basis!of!a!legiti mate!government!policy”! and ! “t he!similarity!in!circumstances!

and!difference!in!treatment!are!sufficient!to!exclude!the!possibility!that!the!defendants!acted!on!

the!basis!of!a!mistake.”!! Clubside,)Inc.)v.)Valentin ,!468!F.3d!144,!159!(2d!Cir.!2006)! (internal !

quotation!omitted). !

As!the!New!York!Court!of!Appeals!has!stated,!“[p]roof!of!intent!…!may!appear!

from!a!convincing!showing!of!a!grossly!disproportionate!incidence!of!nonenforcement!against!

others!similarly!situated!in!all!relevant!respects!save!for!that!which!furnishes!the!basis!of!the!

claimed!discrimination. ”!! 303)W.)42nd)St.)Corp.)v.)Klein,!46!N.Y.2d!686,!695!(1979).!!This!is!

necessarily!the!case!because! “[o]rdinarily! .!.!.! a!strong!inference!of!illicit!motive!will!be!all!that!

can!be!expected!because!adm ission!of!intentional!discrimination!is!likely!to!be!rarem!law!

enforcement!officials!are!unlikely!to!avow!that!their!intent!was!to!practice!constitutionally!

proscribed!discrimination. ”!!! Id.!!Indeed,!“the!grosser!the!disparity!of!enforcement!and!the!

greate r!the!similarity!between!those!prosecuted!and!those!not!prosecuted — the!stronger!will!be!

the!inference!of!illicit!motive,!since!conscious!discrimination!may!then!stand!out!as!the!only!

reasonable!explanation!for!the!pattern!of!enforcement.”!! Id .!!And! “becaus e!the!importance!of!the!

right!to!be!free!from!impermissible!selective!enforcement!must!be!of!more!than!theoretical!value,!

!

16 !

the!burden!of!demonstrating!a!violation,!albeit!heavy,!must!not!be!so!heavy!as!to!preclude!any!

realistic!opportunity!for!success.”! ! Id. !

These!tenets!regarding!selective!enforcement!are!equally!applicable!here,!where!

there!is!a!selective!exercise!of!the!government ’s!investigative!power.!!M edia!accounts!of!the!

Commission ’s!investigation!raise!substantial!concerns!that!its!demand!for!documents!is!

politically!motivated!and!violates!the!Equal!Protection!and!Due!Process!C lauses!of!the!

Fourteenth!Amendment!and!the!New!York!State!Constitution.!!The!news!reports!detail!several!

incidents!suggesting!that!the!Committee!is!receiving!disfavored!treatment!relative!to!other!

similarly!situated!political!party!committees. 4 ! !

According!to!m edia! reports,! the!Executive!has ! exerted!significant!influence! over!

the! conduct!of!the! Commission ’s!investigation ,!including! ordering! the!Commission!to!drop!plans!

to!subpoen a!documents!from!the!New!York!State!Democratic!Committee, 5 ! the!party!committee!

with!which!the! Executive! is!most!intimately!involved,! and!from! other!interests!connected!to!the!

Executive. 6 !!! Indeed,!it!appears! that!the!Commission!initially!sought!documents!from!the!

Committee!and!the!New!York!State!Independence!Party, 7 ! and!possibly!the! New!York!State!

Democratic!Senate!Campaign!Committee, 8 ! but! reportedly!agreed!to!subpoena!the!New!York!

State!Democratic! Committee! only! after! the!Executive’s!involvement!in!the!Com mission ’s!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!! !

4 ! See, ) e.g. ,! Cuomo ’s)anti Q corruption)panel)stops)at)investigating)his)own)Democratic)party,! supra) n.2 m!Cuomo ’s)Office)Is)Said)to)Rein)In)Ethics)Board)He)Created ,! ! supra) n.1. !

5 ! See) Cuomo ’s)anti Qcorruption)panel)stops)at)investigating)his)own)Democratic)party,! sup ra) n. 2 . !

6 ! See) Kenneth!Lovett,! Gov.)Cuomo)leans)on) ‘independent ’) corruption)panel ,!N.Y.!Daily!News,! Sept.!30,!2013,!http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/gov2cuomo2leans 2independent 2 corruption 2panel 2article2 1.1471258. )

7

8

!

! See! Cuomo ’s)Office)Is)Said)to)Rein ) In)Ethics)Board)He)Created,! supra) n.1. !

! Cuomo’s)anti Qcorruption)panel)stops)at)investigating)his)own)Democratic)party,! supra)n.2. !

17 !

operations!became! a!matter!of!public! controversy. 9 !! Moreover,!as!of!this!date,!there!is!no!public!

evidence!that!the!Commission!has!in!fact!issued!a!subpoena!to!the!New!York!State!Democratic!

Committee.! ! These!media!reports!suggest!that!the!Commiss ion ’s!S ubpoena!to!the!Committee!

might!not!have!been!issued!in!good!faith.!!They!also!raise!serious!questions!concerning!whether!

the!Commission!intends!to!prosecute!all!of!its!outstanding!subpoenas!with!equal!vigor.!!Compare!

New)York)State)Comm’n)on)Gov’t)Integrity,!138!Misc.!2d!790!(where”[i]dentical!subpoenas!

were!issued!to!five!Democratic!Party!committees,” ! there!was! “no!merit!to!the!petitioners ’! claim!

that!the!subpoenas!were!issued!in!bad!faith!as!a!means!to!harass!the!Republican!Party”). !

The!Executive’s ! undue! influence!over!the!Commission , ! and ! the! Commission’s!

delay!in!issuing! a!subpoena!to ! the! key! Democratic!Party!committee! with!which!the! Executive! is!

closely!involved,! create!a!strong!inference!that ! the!Subpoena! reflect

s ! an!arbitrary!exercise! of!

governm ent!power,! and!one! in!which!t he!Commission!has!treated!the!Committee! differently! than!

other!similarly2situated!entities ! based!on!irrational,!arbitrary,!or!impermissible!motives.!!See) 303)

W.)42nd)St.)Corp. ,!46!N.Y.2d!at!695m! Harlen)Associates ,!273!F.!3d!at! 499. !! The!S ubpoena!thus!

violates!the!Committee’s!Equal!Protection!and!Due!Process!rights,!and!for!this!reason!too! should!

be!quashed. !

!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!! !

9

! See) Panel)to)Investigate)State)Democratic)Party, ! supra)n. 3 . !

!

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CONCLUSION "

For!the!foregoing!reasons,! the!New!York!State!Senate!Republican!Campaign!

Committee!requests!that!the! Court!quas h! Respondent’s!subpoena!duces!t ecum!dated!September!

20,!2013! and ! issue!a!pro tective!order! directing!that! the! Committee! need!not!produce!the!materials!

requested!by! it . ! ! Dated: ! Octo ber! 2 9 ,!2013 ! ! Washington,!DC
requested!by! it . !
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Dated: ! Octo ber! 2 9 ,!2013 !
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Washington,!DC !
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Respectfully, !
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COVINGTON!&!BURLING!LLP !
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By:! !! /s/!Michael!Chertoff
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Michael!Chertoff !
Robert! K.!Kelner !
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1201!Pennsylvania!Avenue!
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Washington,!DC!10004 !
(202)!66226000 !
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Jennifer!Farina !
620!Eighth!Avenue !
New!York,!NY!10018 !
(212)!84121140 !
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Attorneys)for) Petitioner) New)York)State)Senate) )
Republican)Campaign)Committee )
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