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Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013
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7

Life

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

pmrsufESm (5)rS

tem*wfudk pdefac:aeonfh jyóem
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k yfaeaMumif;yg/

8

Home

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

rsufESmzkH;rS

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Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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10

Health

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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qkdif&m Oya'? yk*¾vduusef;rm
a&;qkdif&mOya' ponfwkdYukd
jyifqifcJhNyD;jzpfonf/

Vol.12,
Vol.10,
No.34
No.13
 October
 June 1630
, 2011
, 2013

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12

Regional

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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13

Regional

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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14

Regional

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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PAUL HACKETT/REUTERS

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16

17

Opportunity

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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18

Regional

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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ESifh yl;aygif;&SmazGvsuf&Sdonf/
pmrsufESm(32)odkY

19

Commodity Watch

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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0yfESifh 120 r*¾g0yfpDrHudef; t
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onfhtjyif tjcm;jynfe,frsm;
xd jzefYjzL;EkdifrI&dSjcif;aMumifh
ajymif;a&GU&efppD Ofjcif; jzpfaMumif;
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rGefjynfe,f twGif;rS t
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a'guf w mAnm;atmif r k d ; u
jynfe,ftpkd;& odu©musqif;
rnfpkd;jcif;aMumifh tajymif;a&GU
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[ef;qufaps;EIef;rsm;
Samsung

pm;aomufukefaps;EIef;rsm;
iPhone

trsKd;tpm;

Model Price

Model

Price

Galaxy Y
Galaxy S Advance
Galaxy Express
Galaxy Grand(GSM)
Galaxy S3
Galaxy S4 Mini
Galaxy S4
Galaxy Mega 5.8
Galaxy Note II
Galaxy Tab3 7"

iPhone 5 (64 GB)
iPhone 5 (32 GB)
iPhone 5 (16 GB)
iPhone 5c(16 GB)
iPhone 5s (16 GB)

820,000
750,000
650,000
670,000
980,000

103,000
240,000
265,000
290,000
390,000
410,000
570,000
360,000
480,000
337,000

Huawei
Model Price

vlBuD;rif;(vom)qdkifrS aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfyg
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Sony
Model

Price

Xperia Z
Xperia J
Xperia P

480,000
175,000
230,000

Y 300
G 510
C 8813D
G 520
G 610s
G 700
Ascend P6
C 8813 (CDMA)
G 610c (CDMA)
Y 300c (CDMA)

950,000
120,000
135,000
120,000
149,000
215,000
325,000
110,000
185,000
100,000

atmufwdkbm(26)&uf aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfNyD; aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&SdEdkifonf/

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TV

trsKd;tpm;

Samsung (Smart LED)

armf',f aps;EIef;(usyf)

32S5500AR

445,000

Panasonic(LCD)

32SC4S 278,000

Sony (LED)

32EX33

345,000

120,000

EVD (GE)

HDMI

35,000

HDMI

33,000

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pepfrsm;? a&aMumif; Oya'&yf
rsm;? a&aMumif;bufqkdif&m vkH
NcHKa&;? ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;

a&;udpö&yfrsm;udk IMO rS owf
rSwfxm;onfESifhtnD vkyf
aqmifap&ef tBudKppfaq;rI
rsm; vma&mufjyKvkyfrnf[k
a&aMumif;ñTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme
'kñeT Mf um;a&;rSL;u ajym onf/
]]'DtBudKppfaq;rIvkyfwJh
tcsdefrSm vdktyfcsufawGudk
jznfhqnf;aqmif&Gufxm;&if?
2014 aemufydkif;rSm wu,f
rjzpfrae vmppfr,fhtcsdefus
&if udk,fhEkdifiHrSm vdktyfcsuf
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'kñTefrSL;u ajymonf/
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jzpfaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/

trsKd;trnf

ig;jrpfcsif;
ig;Muif;
Samsung
RT25FGJA 340,000
Samsung
19PTIX 190,000
ig;oavmuf
Hitachi
190W
262,000
ig;z,f
Panasonic
NR.BT224 250,000
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Washing
Samsung WA95V 195,000
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WT10J 175,000
wDvm;AD;,m;
Aircon

a&cJaowåm

3

Hitachi

1.0HP(RAS-E1067)

Mitsubishi

280,000

1.0HP(Heavy) 235,000

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4ç850
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98
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88
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100
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70-80
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wpfusif;
7ç000
wpfusif; 59ç000
1 ay
540
1 ay
640
1 ay
830
1 ay
800
1 ay
950
1 ayEIef;
420
1 ayEIef; 245-300
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umvmpwD;trkd;jym; 4 angle(0.346mm)
umvmpwD;trdk;jym; 4 angle(0.42mm)
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10ç00-1ç600
1ç000-1ç300
700-900
3ç000
1ç600
3ç650
100
1ç300
1ç500
1ç250
1ç500
700
550-750
600-750
120-140
1ç200
5ç000
8ç000
7ç000
6ç000
12ç000 0ef;usif
400
5ç000

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BD-E 5500(Blu-ray 3D)

Samsung (1.0HP)AS09TUQN 230,000

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qef(ay:qef;arT;)
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wpfydóm
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1 aowåm
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1 ydóm

DVD
Samsung
EVD (AEK)

a&wGufykH aps;EIef;(usyf)

txufygaps;EIe;f rsm;rSm atmufwb
kd m(26)&ufwiG f aumuf,x
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rsm;jzpfNyD; ajymif;vJrItenf;i,f&SdEdkifonf/

a&wGufykH

aps;EIef;(usyf)

1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm

2ç300-2ç600
2ç400-2ç800
3ç300-3ç600
2ç400-2ç800
3ç300-4ç200
12ç000-26ç000
1ç600-2ç000

atmufwb
kd m(26)&ufu Munhjf rifwikd Af [kpd jH yig;aps;BuD;rS aumuf,x
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aeYpGJ

"mwfqD ‘ 'DZ,f

Octane

Premier

1 Litre

1 Litre

1 Litre

1 Litre

Oct (23)

814

920

920

930

Oct (24)

814

920

920

930

Oct(25)

814 920 920 930

Oct(26)

814 920 920 930

Oct(27)

814 920 920 930

Oct(28)

814 920 920 930

Oct(29)

814 920 920 930

yk*¾vdupufokH;qDqdkifrsm;rS aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfygonf/ aps;EIef;ajymif;vJrI tenf;
i,f &SdEdkifonf/

Note Book
HP
Intel Core i3 2.4 GHz, 2 GB DDR3, 500 GB HDD, HD , 14"

377,000

Intel Core i51.7GHz,6 GB DDR3,500 GB HDD, HD,14''

645,000

Intel Core i7 2.5 GHz, 6 GB DDR3, 500 GB HDD, 15.6''
Intel Core i7 2.4 GHz, 4 GB DDR3, 1TB HDD,15.6"

703,000
1,066,000

Acer
Intel Core i3 2.4 GHz, 4 GB DDR3, 500GB HDD, HD, 14"

451,000

Intel Core i3 1.7 GHz, 4 GB DDR3, 500 GB HDD, 14"

577,000

Intel Core i5 1.8 GHz, 4 GB DDR3, 500 GB HHD, 14"

619,000

Intel Core i7 2.4 GHz, 4 GB DDR3, 1TB HDD ,14"

775,000

MSI
Intel Core i3 2.5 GHz, 4GB DDR3, 500 GB HDD, HD, 14"

460,000

Intel Core i5 2.5 GHz, 4GB DDR3, 500 GB HDD, 15.6"

648,000

Intel Core i5 2.5 GHz, 4GB DDR3, 750GB HDD,17.3''
Intel Core i7 2.4 GHz, 8GB DDR3, 1 TB HDD,15.6"

813,000
1,047,000

20

Interview

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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aus;Zlwifygw,fcifAsm/ /

Vol.12,
Vol.9, No.34
No.29  October
October 30
7, 2010
, 2013

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22

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23

Article

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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24

25

26

Opinion

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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Vol.12,
Vol.9, No.34
No.29  October
October 30
7, 2010
, 2013

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28

Business

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

pmrsufESm 27 rS

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(Financial Time owif;pmyg
Micheal Peel ESifh Daniel Thomas a&;om;aom Myanmar
courts foreign telecoms
groups to tap mobile market

aqmif;yg;udk xm;xm;jrihf
bmomjyefqo
kd nf/)

29

News Analysis

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

pEkd;'ef? tar&duefESihf oHwrefa&;*,ufrsm;
Munfae0if;rif;
tar&duef tdrfjzLawmfonf
atmufwkdbm 23 &ufu 0g&Sif
wef\ vlrIa&;jyu©'defwGif ,ck
ESpftwGuf txnf0gqH;k tcrf;
tem;wpf&yf vufcHusif;y&ef
pDpOfxm;cJhonf/ ,if;rSm tdrf
jzLawmfodkY tvnftywfvm
aom ta&;BuD;yk*¾dKvfwpfOD;
ukd EkdifiHawmfnpmpm;yGjJ zihf wnf
cif;{nhcf Ha&;jzpfonf/
odkYaomf tcrf;tem;rSm
zsuo
f rd ;f jcif; BuHKc&hJ onf/ ,if;
rSm zuf'&,ftpdk;&\ ,EÅ&m;
wpfpdwfwpfykdif; ydwfodrf;&rI
aemufqufwGJ oufa&mufrI
aMumifrh [kwyf g/ or®wtkb
d m;
rm; ta&;wBuD;udpöjzihf c&D;
xGuf&jcif;aMumifh tcrf;tem;
zsufodrf;&jcif;vnf; r[kwfyg/
*kPfoa&&Sd{nhfonfu tcrf;
tem;udkwufa&mufawmhrnfr
[kw[
f k Ny;D cJo
h nfv
h u aMunm
cJah omaMumifjh zpfonf/ b&mZD;
or®w 'Dvrf m½l;qufzrf mS ¤if;\
yk*v
¾ u
d qufo,
G af jymqkrd rI sm;
udk tar&duefaxmufvSrf;a&;
tzGUJ u wdww
f qdwfapmifMh unfh
aecJhonfhtwGuf ododomom
pdwfrcsrf;rom jzpfaeonfrSm
xif&Sm;onf/
EkdifiHawmftvnftywf

c&D; zsufodrf;vdkufjcif;rSm rpöpf
'Dvfrm½l;qufzfu yk*¾vduESihf
trsdK;om;a&;uefYuGufrIukd o
wdjyKrdap&ef vkyfaqmifcJhjcif;
jzpfonf/
tar&duefr[mrdwfwpf
OD;udk tdrjf zLawmfwiG f BudKqakd &;
jyifqifrrI sm; vkyk af e&rnht
f pm;
atmufwb
dk m 23 &ufrmS yif rpö
wm tkb
d m;rm;onf aemufxyf
uefr[mrdwfwpfOD;xHrS raus
rcsr;f ajymqkrd rI sm;udk em;axmif
zkdY BuHKvm&onf/
*smreDt"dywd rpöpftef*s
vmrmu,fvfu tkdbm;rm;ukd
zke;f ac:Ny;D ¤if;\yk*v
¾ u
d rdb
k idk ;f
zkef;ukd ckd;íem;axmifcHaecJh&
aMumif; rausreyfajymvm
onf/
or®w\ajyma&;qkdcGihf&Sd
olu tar&dueftrsKd ;om;vHNk cKH
a&;at*sipf D (NSA)onf rpöprf m
u,fvf\zkef;ukd apmihfMunhfr
aeaMumif;ESihf aemifvnf;apmifh
Munfhrnfr[kwf[k rD'D,mrsm;
tm; tmrcHajymMum;ygonf/ odYk
aomf ,cifu ¤if;\zkef;ac:qkd
rIrsm;udk em;raxmifcJhyg[lí
ajymcGihf&yk*¾dKvfu rajymEkdifcJh/
xkt
Yd wGuf (NSA)onf pGypf cJG suf
rsm;tay: tjypf&o
dS nf[k 0efcH
aeoa,mif tajymcH&zkdY&Sdae
onf/
pEkd;'ef\*,ufrSm ykdrkdí

a'gowBuD; oHwrefa&;wef
jyefrIrsm; ay:xGufvmapcJh
k v
f yk o
f m;
onf/ (NSA)uefx½du
a[mif; tuf'0yfpEkd;'ef tar
&duefEkdifiHrS xGufcGmoGm;csdef
wGif ,laqmifoGm;cJhaom vQdKU
0S u f tcsuf t vuf r sm;rS m
urÇmwpf0ef; oHwrefa&;t
aESmift
h ,Surf sm; jzpfay:vmap
onf/
vGefcJhaom av;&ufu
vnf; jyifopfor®w z&efqGm
a[mfvef'u
D tkb
d m;rm;xH zke;f
ac:qdkí jyifopfEkdifiHa&;ESihf pD;
yGm;a&;yk*¾dKvfrsm;tay: (NSA)
u us,fus,fjyefYjyefY apmihf
MunfhaxmufvSrf;rIrsm; vkyfcJh
onfqkdjcif;tay: wdkifMum;
ajymqdkcJhonf/
ruúqu
D Ekd idk if u
H vnf; ¤if;
\ vuf&Sdor®w yifnmeD,uf
wdkESihf or®wa[mif; zdvpfyD
u,fvf'g&GefwkdYtay: axmuf
vSrf;aecJhjcif;twGuf uodu
atmufjzpfaeonf/ tar&duef
EkdifiHrSm ukvor*¾½Hk;rsm;ESihf
tD ; ,l t ay: wd w f w qd w f
axmufvSrf;aecJhonf[k pGyfpGJ
cHxm;&onf/ aemufqHk;pGyfpGJrI
rsm;udk NAdwdefEkdifiH *g'D;,ef;o
wif;pmu yHkESdyfazmfjycJh&mwGif
urÇmhacgif;aqmif 35 OD;\ zkef;
ajymqdkqufoG,frIrsm; apmihf
MunhfcHaecJh&onf[kqkdonf/

pdwfroufrom jzpfae
aom r[mrdwfrsm;\ a'gow
BuD;ajymqkdrItcsdKUrSm rdrdEkdifiH
om;rsm;\ pdwaf useyfrt
I wGuf
jzpfonfqjdk cif;rSm oHo,&Sdp&m
rvdkyg/ xyfrHíqkd&vQif rdrdr
[mrdwfrsm;tay: jyefíolvQKd
vkyaf ejcif;rSmvnf; tar&duef
wpfEidk if w
H nf; r[kwfEkdifyg/
odkYaomfvnf; ajcaxmuf
wufeif;cH&aom rdwfaqGrsm;
wpfaeYwjcm; rsm;jym;vmí pEk;d
'ef *,ufrmS tar&duefEidk if \
H
oHcif;wrefcif;udk ½IyfaxG;vm
ap½Hkomru tav;teuf xd
ckdufvmcJhonf/
tar&duefEidk if jH cm;a&;0ef
BuD;*Refu,f&D ,ck oDwif;ywf
twGif; yg&DNrdKUavqdyfodkY qkduf
a&mufvmcsdefwGifüyif xdkaeYeH
euf vmrGefa';owif;pmu
azmfjyxm;aom olvQKd vyk rf I pGyf
pGJcsufrsm;ESihf &ifqkdif&onf/
rpöprf mu,fvu
f uef or®wudk
pdefac:csdefwGif tkdbm;rm;tpkd;
& t&m&SBd uD;ESpOf ;D rSm orkid ;f wGif
tBuD;rm;qHk;ukefoG,fa&; o
abmwlnDrI[k a<u;aMumfxm;
aom tar&duefESihf tD;,lukef
oG,fa&;oabmwlnDrIudk n§d
EIid ;f &ef bmvifNrKd Uü a&muf&adS e
onf/
tdkbm;rm;tpkd;&twGuf
qdv
k Qif ,if;rSm vGiyfh so
H mG ;aom

opf&Gufajcmufrsm;udk vkdufvH
odrf;qnf;½HkomrubJ oHw
refa&; rD;awmufrsm;ukd vdu
k v
f H
Nid§rf;owfae&onfh tajctae
jzpfNyD; tysuftpD;rsm;rSmvnf;
wm&Snfrnfhoabm jzpfae
onf/
bm;&uftb
dk m;rm;ESifh tef
*svmrmu,fvfwkdYMum; yk*¾vd
uqufqHa&;ukd pOf;pm;Munfh
vQif ,if;qufqHa&;rSm ,ckt
csdeftxd &if;&if;ESD;ESD;yifjzpf
onf/ ]]rdwfaqGawGMum;rSm ol
vQKd vyk w
f ,fqw
dk m r&Syd gbl;/ t
ckqkd&if ,HkMunfrIukd jyefvnf
wnfaqmuf&ygawmhr,f}}[k
b&yfqv
J Nf rKd U tD;,lxyd o
f ;D aqG;
aEG;yGJü rpöpfrmu,fvfu ajym
Mum;onf/
wu,fawmh (NSA) t
aMumif; xkwaf zmfajymMum;rIrsm;
uomtar&duef\ oHwrefa&;
udk xdcu
dk af eonfr[kwyf g/ ,ck
oDwif;ywftwGi;f *Reu
f ,f&u
D
tD&efor®wopf [wfqef½[
kd m
eD\ vkv
d v
dk m;vm; tjyKtrlrsm;
udk vrf;zGihfBudKqdkcJhjcif;twGuf
tpöa&;EkdifiH\ pdk;&drfylyefrIrsm;
udk ajyaysmufa&; BudK;pm;ae&
onf/ ta&SUtv,fyidk ;f rS tar
&duef\tjcm;r[mAsL[majrmuf
r[mrdwf aqmf'Dtma&;AD;,m;
Ekid if u
H vnf; tD&eftay: tar
&duefu aEG;axG;vmjcif;t

wGuf pdwfysufvmcJhonf/
aqmf't
D ma&;AD;,m;\ t
rsufa'goudk rD;xdk;ay;cJhonf
u bk&ifrh o
d m;pk0ifwpfO;D jzpfNy;D
aqmf'DaxmufvSrf;a&;Xme\
'g½du
k w
f ma[mif;jzpfol rif;om;
wmuDt,fvzf idk q
f ,fjzpfonf/
¤if;u ,ckoDwif;ywftwGif;
tkdbm;rm;tpkd;&\ qD;&D;,m;
EkdifiHtay: nnf;wGm;csifp&m
rl0g'udk xkwfazmfajymMum;cJh
onf/
ukvor*¾vNkH cKH a&;aumif
pDwiG f tzGUJ 0ifopfae&mudkr&,l
bJ y,fcscJhaom aqmf'Dtma&;
AD;,m;\ qHk;jzwfcsufrSmvnf;
ukvor*¾udk r[kwfbJ tar
&duefEidk if u
H dk owif;pum;yg;
vkdjcif;jzpfonf/ a*smf'efESihf
,lattD;EkdifiHwkdY\ tvm;wl
tjyKoabmraqmifaom wHkY
jyefrrI sm;rSmvnf; uefor®wu
qD;&D;,m;jynfwGif;ppfwGif ckdif
ckdifrmrmwkHYjyefa&; ysufuGufrI
ESihf qufpyfaeonf/
cyfvSrf;vSrf;udk arQmfMunfh
vQifvnf; tar&duefEkdifiHrSm
¤if;ukd,fwdkifzefwD;aom jyó
emrsm;udk &ifqkdifae&onf/ 0g
&Sifwefu ]tm&SA[kdcsuf}rl0g'
udk wcrf;wem;aMunmNy;D 2 ESpf
rjynhfrDrSmyif zuf'&,ftpdk;&
,EÅ&m; acwå&yfqkdif;rIu tdk
bm;rm;tzdYktm&S-ypdzw
d f acgif;
aqmifrsm;\ ESppf OfjyKvyk af om
ta&;ygonft
h pnf;ta0;ukd r
wufa&mufEkdifcJhbJ w½kwfEkdifiH
u A[kpd ifjrihw
f iG f ae&m,lzjYdk zpf
vmcJhonf/
tD & wf p pf y G J u or® w
a*smch s'f AvsLbk&t
fS ay: ,HMk unf
rIaysmufqHk;apcJhovdk (NSA)t
½IyfawmfyHku bm;&uftkdbm;
rm;udk xdckdufcJhonf[k jiif;cHk
aqG;aEG;jcif;rSm jyif;xefvGef;yg
onf/ bk&Sftpkd;&\ tvGeft
uRHwpfukd,fawmfBuJa&;0g'ESihf
umv&Snf r[mrdwrf sm;\ xif
jrifcsufrsm;udk vHk;vHk;vsm;vsm;
Oyu©mjyKjcif;rSaeí Oa&mywGif
euf½idI ;f aom emMunf;rIrsm; jzpf
ay:vmapcJhygonf/
odkYaomf (NSA)t½Iyfawmf
yHkrSm 2009 ckESpfu tmPm&&Sd
vmcsdefwGif jyifopfEkdifiHuJhodkY
oufwrf;&Snf r[mrdwfrsm;ESihf
,dk,Gif;aeaom qufqHa&;ukd
jyefvnfupk m;a&;ESifhtar&duef
\EkdifiHwum&yfwnfrI rlvae
&modkY jyefvnfa&muf&Sda&; pdwf
ykid ;f jzwfcahJ om or®wwpfO;D t
wGuf Bu;D Bu;D rm;rm; rsuEf mS ysuf
p&m jzpfaeonf/
—Ref: The Snowden effect
on US diplomacy

30

Knowledge

7DAY

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

BOOK
R E V I E W

atmufwdkbm 30 rS Edk0ifbm 5 & uft xd

ARIES

rdó&moDzGm; (rwf21-{NyD20)

Taurus

Nydó&moDzGm; ({NyD21-ar21)

vdk&matmifjrifrnf/ MuefYMumaeonfrsm; jyefvnf&&Sdrnf/ tcuftcJtaESmifht,Sufrsm; ausmf
vTm;Ekid rf nf/ olwpfyg;aMumifh aES;auG;aeonfh tvkyrf sm; vsijf refpmG Ny;D ajrmufrnf/ c&D;oGm;íaumif;
\/ vkyfief;vkyfí tqifajyrnf/ tBuHopfatmifjrifrnf/ &if;ESD;olrsm;ESifh pum;rsm;&wwfonf/
twlaetkyfpk vkyfazmfudkifzuf rdwf&if;rsm;ESifh jyóemjzpf vrf;cGJ&wwfonf/ b0wkd;wufrnf/

&nfreS ;f csuaf tmifjrifrnf/ vkyo
f rQxx
d ad &mufa&mufw;dk wufrnf/ aiGaMu;uHaumif;rnf/ pkaygif;
vkyfaomvkyfief;tusKd;ay;rnf/ rsufESmyGifhvef;rnf/ ajyma&;qkda&;atmifjrifrnf/ ta&mif;
t0,fvyk if ef;pD;yGm;vkyo
f rl sm;? vkyif ef;pD;yGm;BuD;rsm; pepfwusvyk í
f atmifjrifrnf/ vkyif ef;cGirf S
olrsm;tzdkYvnf; vkyfief;tqifhwkd;wufjcif;&Sdrnf/ usef;rma&;tenf;i,f*½kpdkuf&rnf/

pmaytifwmAsL;

pmpDpmuHk;ta&;tom;

armifcifrif("EkjzL)

OD;&Ja0(jrefrmpm)

awGUqHak r;jref;oltoD;oD;u q&marmifcif
rif("EkjzL)tm; awGUqHkar;jref;xm;onfrsm;udk
pmtkyftjzpf wpfpkwpfpnf;wnf; xkwfa0vdkuf
onf/ ,ckpmtkyw
f iG f armifcifrif ("EkjzL)\ rdom;
pkb0? pmayb0? pmaytjrif? bmompum; tjrif
rsm;udk zwf½I&rnfjzpfonf/
]]tem;,lNyD;wJhaemufydkif;rSm wpfoufvHk;
vkyfvmcJhwJh pmayudpöawG? pmayeJYESD;EG,fwJh tEk
ynmudpaö wG? vlraI &;udpaö wGukd wdceJjzpfNy;D rpGeYf
vTwfEkdifao;ygbl;/ tJ'gawGbmrS rvkyfbJ ae
&if ud,
k b
hf 0[m ud,
k t
hf rd x
f ?J ud,
k rhf o
d m;pk abmif
xJrmS yJ epfjrKyaf eNy;D ud,
k &hf UJ ]yk*v
¾ 0daoo}aysmuf
qH;k oGm;rSmaygh/ ud,
k ahf e&m aysmufq;kH oGm;rSmaygh/
tJ'v
D dk b0rsK;d raeEkid yf gbl;/ ]wdik ;f jynf eJv
Y rl sK;d t
wGu}f qdw
k hJ pum;vH;k BuD;BuD;awGvnf; roH;k csiyf g
bl;/ 'gayrJh ud,
k &hf UJ pdwt
f m;? ÓPftm;udk uk,
d t
hf
wGuf ud,
k rhf o
d m;pktwGuf tJ'u
D aeNy;D ud,
k yhf wf
0ef;usif udk,fhywf0ef; usiftodkif;t0dkif;twGuf
twwfEikd q
f ;kH toH;k csNy;D aqmif&u
G cf siw
f b
hJ 0rsK;d
udk ESpfoufcHkrifygw,f/ tJ'Db0rsKd;eJY aemufqHk;
tcsdeftxdaeoGm;r,fvdkY &nf&G,fygw,f}}[k
tNidrf;pm; ygarmu©wpfOD;\ ½dk;&Sif;aom b0ae
xdkifrI[efudk zwf½I&ygrnf/ jrefrmpmayynm&Sif
wpfO;D \ ynm&yfqikd &f m tawGUtBuKH todtjrif
rsm;udk qifjcifawG;awm Ekid rf nfjzpfNy;D zl;yGiahf 0a0
pmtkyfwdkufu wefzdk; 1ç500 usyfjzifhjzefYcsdonf/

OD;&Ja0(jrefrmpm)\ pmpDpmuH;k ta&;t om;
pmtkyfxGuf &Sdvmonf/ pmtkyftrnfu ½dk;&Sif;
vSaomfvnf; pmtkyfwGif a&;aeus taMumif;
t&mtrsKd;rsdK;udk pmpDpmuHk;tjzpf wef;pDía&;
jyxm;jcif;r[kwfbJ jrefrmpmpDpmuHk;wpfyk'f
jzpfay:vm&ef a&;om;wwf&ef vrf;ñTefxm;
aompmtkyfjzpfonf/ wdrfra,mifESifheuf? vG,f
ra,mifESihfcuf[laom pum;twkdif;yif jrefrm
vlrsKd;wdkYtzdkY jrefrmpmpDpmuHk;wpfyk'f a&;om;
yg[kqdkvQif ajzmifhajzmifhwef;wef; acsmacsm
arGUarGUa&;wwf&ef wu,fwrf; cufcJygrnf/
pmpDpmuHk;qdkvQif tvGwfusufíom ajzqkdae
Muaom ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;twGuf
OD;&Ja0 (jrefrmpm)\ þpmtkyfu pmpDpmuHk;udk
awG;wwf?a&;wwf&ef pepfusonfh enf;vrf;rsm;
jzihf tjynfht0 vrf;ñTefay;ygvdrfhrnf/
,ck pmtkyfwGif taMumif;t&mrsKd;pHkudk
acgif;pOfi,frsm;cGJí a&;om;xm;&m jrefrmpm?
o'´ga&;xHk;omru pum;yHkrsm;? qHk;rpmrsm;?
pmtudk;tum;? uAsmtudk;tum;rsm;? "r®y'?
avmueDwd aumufEw
k cf surf sm; ponfrh w
S zf ,
G f
rSw&f mrsm; xnfo
h iG ;f azmfjyxm;í jrefrmpmayudk
tuRr;f 0ifvo
kd rl sm;? ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;
twGuf rvGJraoGaqmifxm;&rnfh pmtkyfwpf
tkyjf zpfonf/ pHy,fyiG phf mayu xkwaf 0jzefcY sNd y;D
wefzdk;usyf 1ç500 jzpfonf/

Gemini

arxkef&moDzGm; (ar 22-ZGef 21)

pm&if;Z,m;tvGef½Iyfonf/ udk,fhudpöudk,fOD;pm;ay;ír&/ wpfrsKd;NyD;wpfrsKd;r½dk;&atmif vkyfae&
onfrsm;onf/ olwpfyg;twGuo
f mjzpfrnf/ apwem0efxrf;omjzpfaernf/ tcsed u
f ek af iGuek cf NH y;D
vkyfay;oavmuf wpfyg;ol\ aus;Zl;wifygonf[k vSnfhrajym&avmufatmif BuHKrnf/ aiGukef
rnf/ tysuftpD;tysuft,Gif;rsm;rnf/

Cancer

u&u#f&moDzGm; (ZGef 22-Zlvkdif 22)

a&G;cs,rf v
I rf;aMumif;rSm;,Gi;f í pdwt
f aESmift
h ,Surf sm;jzpf&wwfonf/ tcGiahf umif;rsm; &&SNd y;D rS
vufawGUaqmif&u
G &f mwGif xifoavmufrjzpfovdBk uHKrnf/ wm0ef,jl cif;? tmrcHjcif;rsm;udk wwf
tm;orQ a&Smifoifyh gonf/ aiGaMu;udpö vlraI &;jyóemrsm;udk &ifqidk af jz&Si;f &rnf/ xdyw
f u
kd af jym
yg/ rdrdtm;emvG,f? ,HkvG,frItay: tcGifhta&;,lolrsm; awGU&wwfonf/ vl,Hkrxm;&ygESifh/

LEO

od[f&moDzGm; (Zlvkdif23-Mo*kwf23)

pdwaf t;csr;f omzG,f owif;pum;rsm;BuHKrnf/ tvk&d &dS maqmif&u
G Ef idk o
f nf/ atmifjrifrEI iS hf wuf
vrf;rsm;udk zefw;D Ekid af om umvjzpfonf/ c&D;udpt
ö qifajyrnf/ vlrsK;d uGt
J usK;d ay;rnf/ xif&mS ;
aom tajymif;tvJESifh wkd;wufrIBuHKrnf/ umvtwefMum aESmifhaES;aeaomudpörsm; jyefvnf
tqifajyaom taetxm;&Sdrnf/ pkaygif;vkyfaom vkyfief;rsm; tusKd;ay;onf/

Virgo

uef&moDzGm; (Mo*kwf24-pufwifbm22)

ydwfaeonfh vrf;aMumif;rsm; jyefyGifhrnf/ tcuftcJjyóemrsm; ajz&Sif;atmifjrifrnf/ olwpfyg;
tay: apwemaumif;xm;cJhjcif;\ aumif;aomtusKd; wkHYjyefrI&rnf/ c&D;udpötqifajyrnf/ vl
rsK;d uGt
J usK;d ay;rnf/ &eftaESmift
h ,Surf sm; ausmv
f mT ;Ekid rf nf/ rdrq
d ;kH jzwfxm;aom udprö sm;tay:
jyefvnfjyifqifjcif;rsm; jyK&rnf/ OD;wnfcsufajymif;&rnf/ ysuf,Gif;aomudpörsm;tqifajyrnf/

LIbra

wl&moDzmG ; (pufwifbm23-atmufwb
dk m23)

jyóema[mif;rsm; ajz&Sif;&rnf/ aiGracs;&/ olwpfyg;tay: vGefuJpGm,HkMunfjcif;? vdkufavsm
tm;emjcif;aMumifh rvdv
k m;tyfaom pdwt
f aESmift
h ,Surf sm;jzpfwwfonf/ &nfreS ;f csuaf tmifjrif
rnf/ &efESifh,SOfí vkyfudkif&rnf/ tcuftcJtwm;tqD;rsm;pGmMum;rS wkd;wufrIudk zefwD;&rnf/
Opömwdk;yGm;rnf/ tBuHatmifjrifrnf/ ta<u;awmif;í aumif;onf/ twkduftcHrsm;rnf/

Scorpio

NAdpäm&moDzGm; (atmufwkdbm24-Ekd0ifbm22)

owdESifht&m&maqmif&Guf&rnf/ usef;rma&;*½kpdkuf&rnf/ aetdrfwGif usef;rma&;tnhH zsm;em
jcif; wpfOD;NyD;wpfOD;jzpfwwfonf/ aq;½Hk? aq;cef;ESifhywfoufaom udpörsm;BuHKrnf/ t*FgeHpuf
ypönf;rsm;t0ifrawmf/ taysmuft&StysuftpD;rsm;rnf/ tdrfodkYolcdk;uyfwwfonf/ pGefYpm;NyD;
vkyfaom udpörsm;a&Smif&rnf/ yHkrSefvkyfief;rsm;udk pepfwusat;at;csrf;csrf;vkyfoGm;yg/

Sagittarus "Ek&moDzGm; (Ekd0ifbm23-'DZifbm21)

vrf;opfyiG rhf nf/ vkyaf eonfu
h pd t
ö jyif oD;oefx
Y yfqifu
h o
H pfay:rnf/ c&D;oGm;&efBuKH u csucf si;f
oGm;yg/ t&yfa0;rS tquftoG,frsm;ESifh aygif;pyfvkyfudkifí tusKd;&Sdrnf/ t&yfa0;rSolrsm;ESifh
qufqHrIrsm;wGifvnf; wpfyg;ol uwdysufrIaMumifh pdwftaESmifht,Suf&Sdrnf/ opömrJholrsm;ESifh
awGUrnf/ tvdk&Sd&maqmif&Guf tusKd;ay;rnf/ twkduftcH&Sdrnf/ ypönf;aysmufwwfonf/

abmvd0k'fqkdwJh toHk;tEIef;&JU &mZ0if
abmvd0'k f (Bollywood)qkad om toH;k tEIe;f ukd tdE,
´d ½ky&f iS [
f k rSwo
f m;em;vnfaeonfrmS
MumNyDjzpfonf/ okdYaomf þa0g[m&rSm tar&duefEkdifiHrS a[mvd0k'f (Hollywood)uJhodkY t&yf
a'o ae&m twnfwus&Sdjcif;udk tpGJjyKí ac:a0:jcif;r[kwfbJ ½kyf&Sifum;rsm;? xkwfvkyfa&;
ukrP
Ü rD sm;tygt0if tdE,
´d ½ky&f iS af vmuudk a,bk ,s&nfñeT ;f onf/ odaYk omf bHak b (Bombay)
(rGrb
f idk ;f )tajcpdu
k f tdE,
´d ½ky&f iS af vmuudk tpGjJ yKí ,if;rS Bo pmvH;k uk,
d u
l m (Bolly-wood) [k
wifpm;ac:a0:Mujcif;jzpfonf/
abmvd0k'fqkdaom toHk;ray:rDu tdEd´,EkdifiH ukd;vfuwåm; NrdKUrS (Tollygunge)t&yfwGif
b*FgvD½kyf&Sifvkyfief;rsm; tajcpdkuf&m ae&mudk awmvd0k'f[k ac:cJhMuonfrSm 1932 cefYujzpf
onf/ xkdYaemufrS 1970 jynfhESpfrsm;twGif; tdEd´,½kyf&Sifavmuudk ausmfvGefí urÇmhtBuD;rm;
qH;k ½ky&f iS af vmujzpfvmcsed rf pS í abmvd0'k [
f k wifpm;ac:a0:onfh toH;k tEIe;f rSm acwfpm;vm
um ,aeYqkdvQif atmufpfzkdY'ft*Fvdyftbd"mefxJüyif xkdpum;vHk;a&muf&SdaeNyDjzpfonf/
—Ref:Wiki

Capricorn rum&&moDzGm; ('DZifbm22-Zefe0g&D20)

vk&d mjynfph rkH nf/ a&G;cs,&f ef tcGit
hf vrf;rsm; wpfrsK;d Ny;D wpfrsK;d ay:xGe;f rnf/ MuefMY umaeonfrsm;
vuf0,fjyefvnf&&Srd nf/ tcuftcJrsm; ajz&Si;f Edik rf nf/ cspo
f cl ifol oHa,mZOf&o
dS rl sm;ESihf t,l
tquGJjym;jcif; pum;rsm;twkduftcHrsm;&jcif;rsm;BuHKrnf/ wpfckxufydkaom vkyfief;jzifh 0ifaiG
wkd;wufrnf/ aqmif&GuforQ atmifjrifrnf/ jyóema[mif;rsm; jyefay:wwfonf/

Aquarius

ukr&f moDzmG ; (Zefe0g&D21-azazmf0g&D18)

use;f rma&;*½kpu
kd &f rnf/ arQmrf eS ;f xm;onfuwpfrsK;d vufawGUwpfrsK;d BuHKrnf/ pDpOfxm;onfu
h pd ö
rsm;udk ajymif;vJNyD;aqmif&u
G &f rnf/ tmrcHjcif;? Mum;0ifwm0ef,jl cif;rsm; a&Smifyg/ ay:vmonfh
tajctaersm;udk xdyw
f u
dk &f ifqidk jf cif;xuf ÓPfo;kH í ajz&Si;f oGm;yg/ toGm;tvm*½kpu
kd yf g/ ol
wpfyg;aMumifh rdrw
d iG f xdcu
kd rf jI zpfwwfonf/ MuefMY umaeonfrsm; vuf0,fjyefvnf&&Sw
d wfonf/

Pisces

rdef&moDzGm; (azazmf0g&D19-rwf20)

xl;jcm;aom tawGUtBuHKrsm; wpfrsKd;NyD;wpfrsKd;&&SdEkdifonf/ tBuHtpnfrsm; atmifjrifrnf/ cufcJ
aom jyóemrsm; ajz&Siftqifajyrnf/ aiGaMu;udpöpum;ajymqdkí tqifajyrnf/ tvkyfopf? t
BuHopfrsm;udk vufawGUaqmif&GufEkdifrnf/ pum;twkduftcHrsm; ajym&wwfonf/ vlrsKd;uGJtusKd;
ay;rnf/ ynmtwwfESifhywfoufNyD; aqmif&Gufonfrsm;rS xl;jcm;aom tusKd;quf&rnf/

31

Puzzle&Classified

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

Free Classified
aZ,smjrifhrkd&fpmoif? pmusuf0kdif;
rlvwef;rS tv,fwef;txd pepfw
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iSm;rnf
ajrnD? ay(22_60)? o"dy|mefvrf;r
ay:? ausmufajrmif;? usyf(8 odef;)/
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iSm;rnf
½Hk;cef;iSm;rnf/ jynfvrf;rtwGif;? ay
(40_90)? 2RC ? tcef;(3)cef;? a[m
cef;wpfcef;? pwdkcef;(1)? zkef;(2)vHk;?
iSm;olycJG ay;&efrvd?k ndE§ idI ;f vpm ode;f
(30)/
zkef;-09-43083781
iSm;rnf
ay(14_60)? ajrnDxyfckd;yg? ygau;
cif;Ny;D ? zke;f yg? r[mokcvrf;? a&ausm/f
usyf(ESpfodef;cGJ)/
zkef;-09-420076522
oifMum;ay;onf
wuúov
dk 0f ifwef; pmar;yJw
G iG f ocsmF ?
½ly? "mwk? ZD0?Grade-11,Grade-10
twGufwpfbmomcsif; (okdY) bmom
pHk Guide vkyfay;onf/
zkef;-09 420071308
iSm;rnf
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t c rJh a Mu mf ji m u @
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iSm;rnf
tcef;us,fiSm;rnf/ av;vTm? r*Fvm
aps;um;rSwfwkdifa&SU/
zkef;-09 5096794
iSm;rnf
ay (20_60)? RC (3xyf)? (205^c)?
yg&rDvrf;? 5 &yfuGuf? w^O/
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iSm;rnf
r^'*HkpufrIZkeftwGif;? OD;0dpm& vrf;
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a&mif;rnf
okr*Fvm vrf;rBuD;ay: YISteD;
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oCFef;uRef;NrdKUe,f/
zkef;-01 573881
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rEÅav;-jyifOD;vGifum;vrf;av;jyif

pmaus;&GmteD;ajruGufrsm; a&mif;
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900L/
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a&mif;rnf
teD;pcef; (atmifcsrf;om) ajruGuf
ay (60_55)? a&rD;/
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w^O? (11) &yfuGuf? &mZmoBuFef (3)
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f yf RC? a&rD;pH?k ESpf 60 *&ef? trnf
ayguf/ odef; (1280)nd§EIdif;/
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tif;pdefNrdKUe,f? bkd;bGmykdifajr?
ay (29_90) = odef; (750) nd§EIdif;/
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tonf;a&m*g bDykd;oufom aysmuf
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oifMum;ay;onf
wuúokdvf0ifwef; (Repeater)oD;oefY
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Dr.Soe Zayar Lwin
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PH: 09 250089689

32

Article

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

pmrsufESm(18)rS

jrefrmhyifv,fjyifrS pGrf;tifu@atmifjrifrIrsm;

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wkdufwGef;vkduf&ygw,f/

Vol.12,
Vol.9, No.34
No.29  October
October 30
7, 2010
, 2013

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awmrsKd;pdwfjzpfonf/

Vol.12,
Vol.9, No.34
No.29  October
October 30
7, 2010
, 2013

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35

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

Cartoon

36

Interview

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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aygif;NyD;rvkyfEkdifygbl;/
—Ref: Swedish PM: no
immigration backlash, no EU
president and no tweets: 15
October. Euronews.

37

International

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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—Ref: AFP

38

Asia

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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xinhua

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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40

Entertainment

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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41

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—Ref: Hollywood Buzz

Vol.12,
Vol.9, No.34
No.29  October
October 30
7, 2010
, 2013

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43

44

Sports

TAL COHEN/ EPA

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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45
Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

46

International

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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rsm;twGi;f odak vSmifxm;onf/
,if ; puf ½ k H w G i f a&'D , k d
owåd<urItqihfudk avQmhcs&ef
TEPCO ukrÜPDu ykdrdkBudK;pm;&
rnfjzpfaMumif;? þodkYqdkvQif
av;vHaom tumtuG,0f wf
pHkrsm;rygbJ tvkyform;rsm; ykd
rdkvGwfvyfpGm vkyfukdifEkdifrnf
jzpfaMumif; rpöwmwmemumu
ajymMum;onf/—Ref: AFP

oHk;jyKxm;onf/
qrfaqmif;ESihf tufyJvf
ukrÜPDrsm;uJhokdY ukrÜPDBuD;rsm;
udk ,SOfNydKif&efBudK;pm;½kef;uef
ae& onfhukrP
Ü iD ,frsm;teuf
LG ukrÜPDvnf; wpfcktygt
0ifjzpfonf/
tufyJvfukrÜPDuvnf;

rsuf E S m jyif t cG u f jzpf z G , f & S d
onfh prwfzkef;topfwpfrsdK;
xkwv
f yk &f ef BudK;pm;aeaMumif;
enf;ynmavhvmolrsm;ESihf o
wif;Xmersm;uazmfjyaomfvnf;
,if;ukrP
Ü u
D ,cktpDtpOfEiS fh
ywfoufí rnfokdYrQajymMum;
jcif; r&Sad o;ay/—Ref: Reuters

wpf O D ; xH r S od r f ; qnf ; &rd c J h
jcif;jzpfonf/ odrf;qnf;&rdcJh
aom aq;vHk;ta&twGufrSm
xk d i f ; Nrd K Uawmf j yif y wG i f od r f ;
qnf;&rdorQ pHcsdefwifta&
twGufjzpfcJhonf/
xkd rl;,pfaq;0g;rsm;udk
xkdif;e,fpyf jrefrmEkdifiHtwGif;
rS &Srf;jynfe,fwGif xkwfvkyf
onf[k,lqaeMuNy;D xkad q;0g;
rsm;ukd jrefrmEkdifiHrS xkdif;EkdifiH
ajrmufykdif;odkY wifoGif;NyD; bef
aumuf N rd K UteD ; od k Y ,l a qmif
&ef BudK;pm;jcif;jzpfEkdifaMumif;
qkdonf/
xdik ;f Ekid if w
H iG f ,cifu zrf;
qD;&rdaom rl;,pfaq;0g;rsm;
wGif trsm;qHk;yrmPrSm EkdifiH
ajrmufykdif;a'oü oef;ESihfcsD
onfh aq;vHk;rsm; zrf;rdzl;onfh
pHcsdef jzpfaomfvnf; ,ckwpf
BudrfrSm NrdKUawmfbefaumuft
eD ; trsm;qH k ; pH c sd e f w if zrf ; rd
cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
—Ref: Xinhua

47

Vol.12,
Vol.9, No.34
No.29  October
October 30
7, 2010
, 2013

qrfaqmif;ESihftNydKif LG ukrÜPDu rsufESmjyifauG;prwfzkef; xkwfazmfjyo
qdk;vf? atmufwkdbm-28
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LG ukrÜPDu ajymonf/
LG ukrÜPDu aemufqHk; xkwfvkyfvkdufonfh rsufESmjyifcGuf
prwfzkef; G Flex \ txlrSm 7 'or 9 rDvDrDwmrS 8 'or 7 rDvDrDwm
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uifr&mrSm 13MP &SNd y;D buf x&DrSm 3500mAh bufx&Dt cGuftrsdK;tpm;jzpfonf/ G Flex
\ ausmbufrsufESmjyiftzHk; jcpf&mrsm;ukd rdepfykdif;twGif; aysmufoGm;ap&ef wDxGifxm;onf/
pmrsufESm 46

LG Electronics ကုမၸဏီက ေအာက္
တိုဘာ ၂၈ ရက္က ထုတ္ျပန္လိုက္ေသာ
စမတ္ ဖု န္း အသစ္ G-Flex ဓာတ္ ပံု ကို
ေတြ႕ရစဥ္
LG Electronics/AFP

uefaxmufvrS ;f a&;Xme wpfvtwGi;f zke;f ac:qdrk t
I Budraf &
oef; 60 udk apmihfMunhfcJh[k pydefowif;pmazmfjy
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tar&dueftrsdK;om;vHkNcHKa&;
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wpfapmifu NSA 0efxrf;
a[mif; pEkd;'efxHrS&&Sdaom pm
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azmfjyonf/
NSA Xmeu zkef;eHygwf
rsm;? ac:qkdolESihf ajzMum;olwdkY
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Oa&myygvDref t&yfom;vGwf
vyfciG afh umfrwD t&m&Srd sm;onf
tar&d u ef v T w f a wmf t rwf

Mandel NGAN/AFP

ေအာက္တိုဘာ ၂၆ ရက္က ဝါရွင္တန္ဒီစီ၌ျပဳလုပ္ေသာ အစိုးရေစာင့္ၾကည့္ေထာက္လွမ္းေရးအစီအစဥ္အေပၚ ကန္႔ကြက္ဆႏၵျပပြဲတြင္ ပါးစပ္ကို
တိပ္ကပ္၍ ပါဝင္ဆႏၵျပေနသူတစ္ဦး

rsm;ESihf aqG;aEG;MurnfjzpfNyD;
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tpkd;&u wdkufwGef;ajymMum;rI
rsm;udk pydeftpkd;&u jiif;qefcJh
onf/ —Ref: BBC/Reuters

jyifopfyD;*sufum;ukrÜPDwGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef
w½kwfa'gifzef;ukrÜPD pOf;pm;ae
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t&dyft>rufajymMum;onf/
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(Peugeot Citroen)um;ukrÜPD
onf w½kwfa'gifzef; (Dongfeng) um;ukrP
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&SdrSomvQif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHvdk

reuters

aMumif; ajymMum;onf/
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vD,H tom;wif t½HI;ay:cJh
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um;ukrÜPDwdkYESihfvnf; tusdK;
wlyl;wGJvkyfief;rsm; vkyfudkif
vsu&f o
dS nf/ —Ref: Reuters

I

Article

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

acR;eJY tawG;twGuf tenf;qHk;aps;
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vifhcJhygNyD/ /

II

Novel

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

(,ciftywfrS tquf)
tcef;(6)
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III

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Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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IV

International

Vol.12, No.34  October 30 , 2013

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—Ref: AFP

H FEATURE

No.189 | wedNesday, oCToBeR 30, 2013.

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tcsyfydk J

FEATURE I

No.189 | wedNesday, oCToBeR 30, 2013.

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Prakash SINGH/ AFP

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