3972 en - 05.

2008 / e

Armature
+ 6-

Field
10 Yellow 11 Red 12 Black 9 Green

n to give e b is t o nual nd user a m This t he e

F1 ST5

Slow fuse 250V 10 A

X2 Z1 X1 Z2 E+ E- 0V 110 22

with LAM without LAM

ST3
requency 50Hz 60Hz

ST10

R 448

R448 & R448
A.V.R.

V50

Installation and maintenance

2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A.05. This manual concerns the alternator A. By following certain important points during installation.V. The information contained in this document may therefore be changed without notice. WARNING Warning symbol for an operation capable of damaging or destroying the machine or surround-ing equipment. you can look forward to many years of trouble-free operation.V. which you have just purchased.. It is vital that you understand and take notice of the following warning symbols. use and servicing of your A.R.LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en . Our technical support service will be pleased to provide any additional information you may require. All necessary operations and interventions on this machine must be performed by a qualified technician. Warning symbol for general danger to personnel. We wish to draw your attention to the contents of this maintenance manual. SAFETY MEASURES Before using your machine for the first time. it is important to read the whole of this installation and maintenance manual. 2 . Warning symbol for electrical danger to personnel.R.R. Note: LEROY-SOMER reserves the right to modify the characteristics of its products at any time in order to incorporate the latest technological developments. The various operations described in this manual are accompanied by recommendations or symbols to alert the user to potential risks of accidents.V.

.................5 2..............1 ............1 ............................................................................................................................8 3..........................................................R..............................V...........5 1....................Identification..................................................5 1.....8 3........................................................ Copyright 2005 : MOTEURS LEROY-SOMER This document is the property of : MOTEURS LEROY-SOMER It may not be reproduced in any form without prior authorization..........................................V.............1 ..............................................................Designation.............................................................COMMISSIONING ............R.............................................................05.........................................................Technical support service ...............................8 3.................................15 All such operations performed on the A........SUPPLY ..........SHUNT or separate excitation system.........................2 .....................................1 ................................................................Electrical faults.2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A...R448 A..3 .SPARE PARTS ..............R...................................................................................................................3 .................. All brands and models have been registered and patents applied for...........7 3 ...................................1 .LAM (Load Acceptance Module) characteristics ............................... 3 ................AREP excitation system .. 2 ...LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en .............3 ..........15 5..................5 ......PMG excitation system .4 ............................ CONTENTS 1 ......6 2......................................................R..........2 ..........8 3......................R448 A.2 ...9 3. ...... should be undertaken by personnel trained in the commissioning...............................................................11 4........................ servicing and maintenance of electrical and mechanical components....5 2.......... options ............................2 ..........V...Description.......................................14 5 ..15 5...Typical effects of the LAM with a diesel engine with or without a LAM (U/F only).........................9 4 ...............................................Frequency compared with voltage (without LAM).......................................Characteristics ......11 4.....................INSTALLATION .................Electrical checks on the AVR.......................................................................11 4.........................GENERAL INFORMATION.....................................................................Settings............2 ..........................V....................

the following details distinguish the V50: .Shocks on the base: 9g for the 3 axis .Storage temperature: .2. .1 . A B C R 448 R 448 V50 4 .R.R.V. Connexions are made with «Faston» connectors.55°C to + 85°C . .Identification These 2 A.the elimination of the ST6 jumper (A) .V.a label stipulating the type of alternator (C). .2 .an adjuster dedicated to the alternator LSA 50.Operating temperature: . R 448 V50 is delivered in a box designed to be mounted on a panel with suspension.2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A.LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en .R.30°C to +70°C .a white serigraphy (B) (blue for R 448).05.s have strictly identical characteristics and dimensions. 1 . above 100Hz: 8g 1.Description The A.V.GENERAL INFORMATION 1.Vibrations: Less than 10Hz: 2mm half peak amplitude 10Hz to 100Hz: 100mm/s.

Quad droop with LAM without LAM AREP/SHUNT PMG ST3 Frequency 50Hz 60Hz ST10 LAM 13 % 25 % R 448 S2 S1 P2 Option Ph. the alternator voltage regulator is the R 448. the second has a voltage in proportion to the stator current (compound characteristic: Booster effect).2/47.2 49.1 .1 P1 P5 ST11 ST2 P3 Excitation ceiling open knee-point: 65 Hz Response time normal fast ST4 Option External potentiometer for adjusting the voltage Option ST6 46. 2 . With AREP excitation.LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en .I. The first winding has a voltage in proportion to that of the alternator (characteristic Shunt).05.SUPPLY 2.V. the R 448 electronic AVR is powered by two auxiliary windings which are independent of the voltage match circuit. The power supply voltage is rectified and filtered before being used by the AVR monitoring transistor.8 (175 x 115 mm) 200 mm F1 ST5 Slow fuse 250V 10 A X2 Z1 X1 Z2 E+ E.2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A.R.0V 110 220 380 P1 ST9 T. AREP SYSTEM MAIN FIELD Aux. detection ST1 open Stability P2 Voltage 5 . detection in 3-ph. windings STATOR : 6 wires (marked T1 to T6) STATOR : 12 wires (marked T1 to T12) T1 T7 Varistor T2 T8 T3 T9 Armature 5+ 6- Field 10 Yellow 11 Red 12 Black 9 Green T4 T10 T5 T11 T6 T12 according voltage 140 mm 4 x holes Ø 5.1 No ST6 jumper for R448 V50 ST1 Singlephase detection R731 3-ph.AREP excitation system For both AREP & PMG excitation systems.

2 .I.R. 2.LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en .PMG excitation system With PMG excitation.0V 110 220 380 P1 ST9 T. This is fitted at the rear of the machine and connected to the R 448 AVR.1 No ST6 jumper for R448 V50 ST1 Singlephase detection R731 3-ph.V.8 (175 x 115 mm) 200 mm F1 ST5 Slow fuse 250V 10 A X2 Z1 X1 Z2 E+ E.1 P1 P5 ST11 ST2 P3 ST4 Option External potentiometer for adjusting the voltage Option ST6 46.2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A. detection in 3-ph. These two principles provide the machine with a short-circuit current capacity of 3 IN for 10 s. detection ST1 open Stability P2 Voltage 6 . Quad droop with LAM without LAM AREP/SHUNT PMG ST3 Frequency 50Hz 60Hz ST10 LAM 13 % 25 % R 448 Excitation ceiling open knee-point: 65 Hz Response time normal fast S2 S1 P2 Option Ph. and good immunity to distortions generated by the load.2/47.05.2 49. a permanent magnet generator (PMG) added to the alternator supplies the AVR with voltage which is independent of the main alternator winding. and the ST9 MAIN FIELD jumper must be disconnected. The AVR monitors and corrects the alternator output voltage by adjusting the excitation current. STATOR : 6 wires (marked T1 to T6) STATOR : 12 wires (marked T1 to T12) PMG SYSTEM T1 T7 Varistor T2 T8 T3 T9 PMG Armature 5+ 6- Field T4 T10 T5 T11 T6 T12 according voltage 14 15 16 140 mm 4 x holes Ø 5.

V. and module(s) must be installed in the external control panel. STATOR : 12 wires (marked T1 to T12) T1 T7 Varistor T2 T8 T3 T9 Armature 5+ 6- Field T4 T10 T5 T11 T6 T12 according voltage 140 mm 4 x holes Ø 5. The new functions are : .2. detection ST1 open Stability P2 Voltage 7 . X2.3 . Quad droop with LAM without LAM AREP/SHUNT PMG ST3 Frequency 50Hz 60Hz ST10 LAM 13 % 25 % R 448 Excitation ceiling open knee-point: 65 Hz Response time normal fast S2 S1 P2 Option Ph.Parallel operation between alternators with C. and R 726 module SHUNT SYSTEM MAIN FIELD .LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en . . In this case of LSA 42.R. A.3-phase sensing (R 731 module) .T.T.V.LAM function integrated in the R 448 AVR.2 49. is supplied by main windings (140V . 2. R 448 A.R. detection in 3-ph.0V 110 220 380 P1 ST9 T.8 (175 x 115 mm) 200 mm F1 ST5 Slow fuse 250V 10 A X2 Z1 X1 Z2 E+ E.V.I.SHUNT or separate excitation system In SHUNT excitation.Parallel operation with the mains with C.1 No ST6 jumper for R448 V50 ST1 Singlephase detection R731 3-ph.05.2/47.R.50/60 Hz) to X1.2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A.1 P1 P5 ST11 ST2 P3 ST4 Option External potentiometer for adjusting the voltage Option ST6 46.

.) SHUNT ST10 ST11 65 Hz 48 or 58 Hz open 3..ST11: Knee-point at 65 Hz for Tractelec application and variable speed.2 .Max.T.5 VA cl1.1. excitation current adjustment via P5: 4.Voltage sensing : 5 VA isolated via transformer • 0-110 V terminals = 95 to 140 V • 0-220 V terminals = 170 to 260 V • 0-380 V terminals = 340 to 520 V for other voltages.1.5 to 10A (see below) . 3.2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A.5% .1 .Rated overload current: 10A . .50/60 Hz selection via ST3 jumper .Characteristics .10s . The alternator must be stopped (or the power switched off) in order to reset the protection.2 and LSA 472 Alternator LSA 49.V. Open Closed 3-ph.Configuration jumpers function Pot. Fast Mono Position Function Open for module installation tri detection Normal Response time 50 ou 60 Hz Frequency selection Potentiometer LAM Alternator LSA 46.LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en . X2. secondary 1A (optional) .1 .T. P1 P2 P3 P5 Function Quadrature droop . Š 2. S2 intended for 1 C.Fuse: F1 on X1.R. ST1 ST2 ST3 Delivrery config. loss of voltage sensing) this acts to restore the value of the excitation current to 1A after 10 s.1 Alternator LSA 50.R448 A.R..Current sensing: (parallel operation): input S1.Voltage adjustment via potentiometer P2 or apply a DC voltage of ± 1 V on the terminals of the external potentiometer .2 Supply 13% or 25% LAM voltage drop amplitude U/f function bend position External ST4 potentio.50/60 Hz .Quadrature droop adjustment via potentiometer P1 .Without meter ST5 Without With closed ST6 With no jumper Others AREP ST9 (PMG.250V .Setting potentiometers function Delivrery position 0 400V Centre Maxi Pot.Normal or rapid response time via jumper ST2 (see below) .Voltage regulation ± 0. Voltage Stability Excitation current ceiling 8 . a transformer should be used. 3 . slow .V. // operation with C.05. 10A . 3.Electronic protection: (in the event of overload.Shunt power supply: max 150V . short-circuit.

LAM (Load Acceptance Module) characteristics 3. fC fN 3.2 .LAM : action eliminated by cutting the ST5 jumper. . as standard it is active (ST5 with bridge). 3.LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en . the function helps the genset to return to its rated speed faster thanks to a gradual increase in voltage according to the principle: .R. .Voltage drop The LAM system is integrated in the regulator. the rotation speed of the generator set decreases.3. To avoid voltage oscillations.Frequency compared with voltage (without LAM) Voltage 100 % U/UN Bend 48 Hz 57.If the speed drops between 46 and 50 Hz.3.V. since the engine needs more help. Hence the LAM can be used either to reduce the speed variation (frequency) and its duration for a given applied load. It can be deactivated by removing the ST5 bridge. until the speed reaches its rated value again.3 .85 UN LAM Hz 0 ST3 48 or 57. .2 . the LAM causes the voltage to drop by approximately 13% or 25% and consequently the amount of active load applied is reduced by approximately 25% to 45%.If the speed drops below 46 Hz. When it passes below the preset frequency threshold. It is advisable to use the LAM at 25% for load impacts Š 70% of the genset rated power. the voltage follows a slow gradient as it returns to the reference value.05. It can be adjusted to 13% or 25% by means of the ST10 jumper. U Drop N ≤ 46 Hz Drop N > 46 Hz Time 0 9 .Role of the “LAM” (Load Acceptance Module): On application of a load. or to increase the applied load possible for one speed variation (turbo-charged engine).5 Hz Voltage ST5 disconnected Underspeed and LAM UN U/f P2 Voltage 50 Hz 60 Hz Frequency 50 Hz 60 Hz 0.Gradual voltage return function During load impacts.1 .2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A. the rated voltage follows a fast gradient as it is restored.5 Hz 50 or 60 Hz 3. the trip threshold for the LAM function should be set approximately 2 Hz below the lowest frequency in steady state.

5 W min : adjustment range ± 5% (range limited by internal voltage potentiometer P2). Remove ST4 to connect the potentiometer.5 kΩ • ± 0.. set the voltage via the potentiometer.9 Transient voltage drop 0... .R448 A.Control through DC voltage used monitoring apply to the terminals for connection of a potentiometer DC voltage : • internal impedance 1.2 .R.Frequency Max speed drop fN 0.R 729 module: same as R 726 with additional functions • detection of a diode fault • 4/20 mA input • possibility of kVAR regulation .R 731 module: detection of 200 to 500V 3phase voltage. compatible with parallel operation.V.1 .R 726 module: regulation system changed to "4-function".V. 3..Voltage transformer (adaptation) . (See the maintenance manual and connection diagram.8 with LAM 0 1s 2s (U/f) without LAM Time 3s 3. Disconnect ST1 to connect the module. . 0..R 734 module: detection of 3-phase current and voltage for parallel operation on unbalanced installations (imbalance > 15%) .4.LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en .5 VA CL 1 (See the diagram in this manual). UN 0.4.Remote voltage adjustment potentiometer: 470 Ω.5 ./ 1A Š 2. (A 1 k Ω potentiometer can also be used to extend the adjustment range).4.Current transformer for parallel operation of.4 .9 0.Voltage 3.Typical effects of the LAM with a diesel engine with or without a LAM (U/F only) 3.Power LAM Load on the shaft (kW) Variation in the load Load shedding due to "LAM" Time 3s 0 1s 2s 10 .2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A.R.5V enable a voltage setting of 10%.05. options .8 0 1s 2s with LAM without LAM Time 3s 3. .3 .) • PF regulation ϕ (2F) • voltage matching before paralleling (3 F) • mains connection of alternators already running in parallel (4F) .

COMMISSIONING 4. .380 V) Not set (centre position) Not set (fully anticlockwise) Pot.Electrical checks on the AVR . minimum fully anti-clockwise.LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en .T.R448 settings (AREP or PMG system) c) Make sure that the ST3 jumper is positioned on the desired frequency (50 or 60 Hz).2.2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A. • ST9 jumper : closed with AREP.Check that all connections have been made properly as shown in the attached wiring diagram.Check that the ST3 frequency selection jumper is on the correct frequency setting. a) Initial potentiometer settings (see table below) . The machine is tested and set at the factory.1 .500 or 1000V on the alternator output terminals.R.1 . open with PMG. . 4 .) .C. 10 A maximum P5 4. g) Set the output voltage to the desired value using P2. .Check whether the ST4 jumper or the remote adjustment potentiometer have been connected. use P3 to make adjustments (try both directions) observing 11 WARNING Before any intervention on the A. f) Start the engine and set its speed to a frequency of 48 Hz for 50 Hz. P1 Excitation ceiling Limit of excitation and short-circuit current. The only possible adjustments to the machine should be made on the AVR. replace all access panels or covers. After operational testing. analogue voltmeter (needle dial) cal.V.0 quadrature loop fully anti-clockwise. 100V on terminals E+.T. 4. fully anti-clockwise.R.Or UN + 2 to 4% for parallel operation with C..2 . E.Optional operating modes.05.INSTALLATION .Remote voltage adjustment potentiometer : centre (ST4 jumper removed). or 58 for 60 Hz.50 Hz (Input 0 . d) Voltage potentiometer P2 at minimum. 400 V) . . (eg.Settings Stability adjustments operation in standalone b) Install a D. 410 V) If the voltage oscillates.Rated voltage UN for solo operation (eg. • ST2 jumper : open if rapid response time used • ST5 jumper : open to suppress the LAM function. • ST1 jumper : open to connect the R 731 or R 734 3-phase sensing module. voltmeter cal 300 . P2 P3 Stability Voltage quadrature droop (// operation with C. When first used with no load. . e) Stability potentiometer P3 to around 1/3 of the anti-clockwise limit.V.and an A. make sure that the ST9 jumper is closed with AREP / SHUNT excitation and disconnected with PMG or separate excitation.C. make sure that the drive speed is correct and stable (see the nameplate). Action Voltage minimum fully anti-clockwise Factory setting 400V .

Disconnect power supply wires X1. try to obtain 0 KW power exchange. try disconnecting or replacing the ST2 jumper (normal/fast). .C.T. 4.X2) : 120V). If no stable position can be obtained.2. . on the X1. potentiometer P5 (fuse rating : 8 A . k) Preset for parallel operation (with C. . X2 input.Install a 10A D. check that V and W and also S1 and S2 have not been reversed. l) The no-load voltages should be identical for all the alternators intended to run in parallel. . current is obtained (no more than 10 A).Potentiometer P1 (quadrature droop) in centre position. unless otherwise specified(*).Apply the corresponding voltage to the voltage reference input used . ammeter in series with the exciter field. . Adjustments in parallel operation Before any intervention on the alternator.Z2 and the voltage reference (0-110V220V-380V) on the alternator. Connect the mains power supply using a transformer (200-240V) as indicated (X1.Supply the AVR with a voltage of 120V max.C.Max. .By altering the speed.. Apply the rated load (cos ϕ = 0.V.R. The best response times are obtained at the limit of the instability. m) Apply the available load (the setting is only correct if a reactive load is available) . .).2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A.Couple the machines in parallel.X2 and Z1. match the KW (or divide the rated power of the units proportionally) . If there is no output current from the AVR. excitation ST3 depending on the mains frequency 100V.By adjusting the speed.By altering the voltage setting P2 on one of the machines. If it increases. turn P5 clockwise until the required max. turn potentiometer P2 (voltage) clockwise until the ammeter indicates a stable current. do not touch the voltage settings.. the voltage between E+ and E. connected to S1. . which is safer for the alternator and the installation.static adjustment of the current limit . S2) . and check the change in voltage from that observed previously (~ 15%). j) Readjust the speed of the unit to its rated no-load value. .10 seconds).(approx.140V X2 50Hz 60Hz Z1 X1 Z2 E+ R 448 P3 E0V 110 V P2 220V ST4 380V P5 A - A + Field ~ 10 ohms 10A DC 110/220/380V D Voltage . make sure that the speed droop is identical for all engines. try to cancel (or minimise) the current circulating between the machines. h) Check LAM operation : ST5 closed.From now on.05. i) Vary the frequency (speed) around 48 or 58 Hz according to the operating frequency. 10V D.8 inductive).By altering the quadrature droop potentiometer P1. then on again.2 .Switch the power supply off. The maximum factory setting corresponds to that of the excitation current required to obtain a 3-phase short-circuit current of approximately 3 IN at 50 Hz for industrial power. The voltage should drop by 2 to 3%. Checking the internal protection : 12 . match or divide the currents. excitation setting (excitation ceiling) Max. A static method can be used to reduce this value or adapt the Isc to the actual operating power (derated machine).Turn P5 fully anti-clockwise and activate the power supply.LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en .

4. Contact rating 16 A .10 s 5 .3.LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en .must not be left open when the machine is running : AVR damage will occur.250V A.Special type of use The exciter is switched off by disconnecting the AVR power supply (1 wire on each auxiliary winding) .10A) WARNING Excitation circuit E+. To reset.05.2.10 s X2 Z1 X1 Z2 E+ E- 13 . switch off the power supply by opening switch (A).2.3 . Open switch (D) : the excitation current should increase to its preset ceiling.R448 field weakening (AREP/ PMG) Exciter field Forced excitation B Volt t Time Applications Guaranteed voltage build-up Parallel operation.3 . E.2. provide a forced excitation. de-energized Parallel operation. 4. Connection is identical for resetting the AVR internal protection.2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A. (*): In some countries it is a legal requirement to have a short-circuit current.V. 4. at standstill Frequency starting Sustained voltage on overload B volts 12 (1A) 12 (1A) 12 (1A) 12 (1A) 12 (1A) Time t 1-2 s 1-2 s 5 .R448 field weakening (SHUNT) Diode X2 Z1 X1 Z2 E+ E- t Battery (B Volt) + X2 Z1 X1 Z2 E+ EThe exciter is switched off by disconnecting the AVR power supply (1 wire .2 .3.10 s 5 .contact rating 16 A 250V A.C.2. so as to offer discriminating protection.R.R448 field forcing (400V .C. In case of using the de-excitation. Reconnect the AVR to the alternator and adjust the reference voltage via P2 to obtain the rated voltage.X1 or X2). 4.1 .3. remain at that level for ≥ 1 second in AREP or 10 seconds in PMG and then drop to < 1A.

on the AVR on load (*) Voltage between E+ and ESHUNT < 20 V . open circuit.Field windings short-circuited .Lack of residual magnetism still correct when the battery is removed.Faulty AVR . . Correct speed Voltage too low Check the drive speed Speed too low Voltage too high Voltage oscillations Adjust AVR voltage potentiometer Adjust AVR stability potentiometer Adjustment ineffective If no effect : try normal / fast recovery modes (ST2) Voltage correct Run at no load and check at no load and the voltage between E+ too low when and E. (P2) before running at the correct speed.05. 4. Check the resistance . and replace any defective components The voltage does not return to the rated .Main field open circuit or short-circuited (**) Caution : Internal protection may be activated (overload.Exciter winding open circuit value. the surge suppressor.V.Check the speed : possibility of cyclic irregularity .Check the speed (or U/F bend set too high) .Short-circuit in the main field.) Faulty AVR .Check the resistance Increase the drive speed (Do not touch the AVR voltage pot. No voltage at no load on start-up The alternator builds up but its voltage Connect a new battery of 4 does not reach the rated value when to 12 volts to terminals E.AREP / PMG < 10V Voltage between E+ and ESHUNT > 30V . respecting the polarity.Faulty exciter armature .2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A.Main field winding open circuit . short-circuit) Warning : after operational testing.R.the battery is removed.Speed too low when on load (or U/F bend set too high) .Check the connection of the voltage reference to the AVR .AREP / PMG > 15V (*) Caution : For single-phase operation. for 2 to 3 seconds The alternator builds up but its voltage disappears when the battery is removed .Electrical faults Fault Action Effect Check/Cause The alternator builds up and its voltage is .Rotating diodes burnt out . check that the sensing wires coming from the AVR are correctly connected to the operating terminals Voltage disappears during operation (**) Check the AVR.check the resistance Check the AVR connections (AVR may be faulty) .LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en .3 .Faulty AVR . the rotating diodes.Faulty AVR . replace all access panels or covers.Main field winding short-circuited .Field windings disconnected .Faulty rotating diodes .Faulty exciter armature.Armature short-circuit . and E+.Faulty diodes . 14 .Loose connections .

Part numbers should be identified from the exploded views and their description in the parts list.R. Type R 448 R 448 V50 Code AEM 110 RE 016 AEM 110 RE 022 5. we recommend the use of original manufacture spare parts.Technical support service Our technical support service will be happy to provide any information you require. Our extensive network of "service stations" can dispatch the necessary parts without delay.V.R.Designation Description A. In the event of failure to comply with this advice.LEROY-SOMER Installation and maintenance 3972 en . 15 .SPARE PARTS 5.1 .V. When ordering spare parts.2 . To ensure correct operation and the safety of our machines.R. you should indicate the complete machine type. 5 . A. the manufacturer cannot be held responsible for any damage.05.V. its serial number and the information indicated on the nameplate.2008 / e R448 & R448 V50 A.

MOTEURS LEROY-SOMER 16015 ANGOULÊME CEDEX FRANCE 338 567 258 RCS ANGOULÊME S. au capital de 62 779 000 euro .A.

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