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# PHYSICS Magnetic Effect of Current And Magnetism

[Time:90Mins]

TEST

## [Max. Marks: 35]

General Instructions (a) All questions are compulsory. (b) There are 17 questions in total. -Questions 1 to 5 carry one mark each, -Questions 6 to 10 carry two marks each, -Questions 11 to 15 carry three marks each and -Questions 16 and 17 carry five marks each. (c) Use of calculators is not permitted. (d) You may use the following physical constants wherever necessary : c = 3 x 108ms-1 h = 6.6 x 10-34Js e = 1.6 x 10-19 C o = 4 x 10 T m A Boltzmann constant k = 1.38 x 1023 JK-1 Avogadros number NA = 6.023 x 1023/mole
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## Mass of neutron mn = 1.6 x 10-27 27 kg

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Give two factors by which the voltage sensitivity of a moving coil galvanometer can be increased. What happens if a voltmeter is connected in series to the circuit? What is the magnitude of magnetic force per unit length on a wire carrying a current of 8 A and making an angle of 30 with the direction of a uniform magnetic field of 0.15 T. Where on the earth's surface is the th value of angle of dip maximum? Which has larger susceptibility: Iron or copper? What hat are magnetic lines of force? force Write down its any two properties. A closely wound solenoid 80 cm long has 5 layers of winding of 400 turns each. The diameter of the solenoid is 1 8 cm. If the current carried is 8.0 A, estimate the magnitude of centre. inside the solenoid near its

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An electron and a proton enter a region of uniform magnetic field B with uniform speed , in a perpendicular direction. (i) Which particle has the larger radius of circular path? (ii) What is the ratio of circular lar paths of electron to proton? proton
r Write the expression for the force acting on a charged particle of charge q moving with velocity v in the r presence of magnetic field B . Show that tha in the presence of this force: (i) the kinetic energy of the particle does not change. (ii) its instantaneous power is zero.
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## Ideal 21st Century Competitions

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Define the term magnetic inclination. Deduce the relation connecting the horizontal component and inclination with the help of a diagram. State tangent law. Two tangent galvanometers have circular coils of the same radii, differing only in their number of turns. They are connected in series. When a steady current is passed in the circuit, the means deflections in the galvanometers are 1, 2. Dedue an expression for the ratio of the number of turns of the galvanometers. Derive Biot-Savart law and define the unit of current. How is the pivoted galvanometer converted in to ammeter and voltmeter?

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Calculate the work done in rotating a bar magnet in a uniform magnetic field by an angle from the direction of field.

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The effective length of a magnet is 31.4 cm and its pole strength is 0.5 amp x meter. Calculate its magnetic moment if it is bent in form of a semicircle what will be its magnetic moment then?

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With the help of a circuit, show how a moving coil galvanometer can be converted into an ammeter of an given range. Write the necessary mathematical formula. OR

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Using Ampere's circuital law find an expression for the magnetic field at a point on the axis of a long solenoid with closely wound turns.

## Ideal 21st Century Competitions

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