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Overloading vs.

overriding

Overriding of functions occurs when one class is inherited from another class. Overloading can occur without inheritance. Overloaded functions must differ in function signature ie either number of parameters or type of parameters should differ. In overriding, function signatures must be same. Overridden functions are in different scopes; whereas overloaded functions are in same scope. Overriding is needed when derived class function has to do some added or different job than the base class function. Overloading is used to have same name functions which behave differently depending upon parameters passed to them.

Also read What is overriding? Defining a function in the derived class with same name as in the parent class is called overriding. In C++, the base class member can be overridden by the derived............. Explain the problem with overriding functions. Overriding of functions occurs in Inheritance. A derived class may override a base class member function. In overriding, the function names and parameter list are same in both the functions............... Explain the difference between overloaded functions and overridden functions. Overloading is a static or compile-time binding and Overriding is dynamic or run-time binding. Redefining a function in a derived class is called function overriding...................

*PROGRAM TO IMPLEMENT FUNCTION OVERRIDING IN CLASSES*/ #include<conio.h> #include<iostream.h> class base { int a; public:

void input() { cout<<Enter a: ; cin>>a; } void show() { cout<<a=<<a<<endl; } }; class derived:public base { int a; public: void input() { cout<<Enter a: ; cin>>a; }

void show() { cout<<a= <<a<<endl; } }; void main() { clrscr(); cout<<Base class functions are executed<<endl; base b1; b1.input(); b1.show(); cout<<Base class functions are overridden in derivede class<<endl; derived d1; d1.input(); d1.show(); getch(); }

What is overriding in C++?


Redefining a base class function in the derived class to have our own implementation is referred as overriding. Often confused with overloading which refers to using the same function name but with a different signature. However in overriding the function signature is the same. EXAMPLE: Demonstrate the usage of overriding
#include <iostream> using namespace std; class Base { public: virtual void myfunc() { cout << "Base::myfunc .." << endl; } }; class Derived : public Base { public: void myfunc() { cout << "Derived::myfunc .." << endl; } }; void main() { Derived d; d.myfunc(); } OUTPUT:Derived::myfunc ..