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WELCOME TO THE KONTAkT-INSTRUMENT ETHNO WORLD 4 PROFESSiONAL produced by Marcel Barsotti

INTRODUCTION
ETHNO WORLD 4 PROFESSIONAL has been produced by award-winning film composer Marcel Barsotti (Das Wunder von Bern, Deutschland. Ein Sommermrchen, Rennschwein Rudi Rssel 2, Kebab Connection, Wo ist Fred?, Grne Wste, Dolphins, Sirga the Lioness and The Poet). He has composed music for more than 80 cinema movies, television films and advertisements, and his musicians have been placed in the charts several times. ETHNO WORLD 4 PROFESSIONAL contains more than 200 professionally recorded ethnic instruments and more than 14.000 high quality samples in the following categories: Bowed instruments, stringed instruments, woodwinds and brass, key instruments, bell type instruments, metal type instruments, , world percussion, gongs and bowls, and the new category of voices. Therefore, ETHNO WORLD 4 PROFESSIONAL with its 9.5 giga-bytes of samples is one of the most extensive ethnic library in the world. New in ETHNO WORLD 4 PROFESSIONAL is Kantele, Irish Flutes, Military Cassa, Angklung, Egyptian Fiddle, Erhu, Gaohu, Scale Changer Harmonium, Bouzouki, Santoor, Hulusi, Dung Dkar Horns, Cajon, Balafon, Western Fiddle, Monochord, Irish Flutes and the new Duduk, Dvojacka, Hotchiku, Shakuhachi, Fujara, Ciaramella, Mankosedda, Jews Harp and Launeddas. Also included are the well known Indian string Instruments Dilruba and Esraj. Unique and for the first time for EW4 are a Mongolian choir, Overtone Singing, and individual female and male voices. Altogether, there are 1400 licks and loops of outstanding quality and playability. All ETHNO WORLD 4 PROFESSIONAL instruments and voices are played by renowned musicians under the direction of Andreas Hofner and Marcel Barsotti - Egschiglen Ensemble, Sandro Friedrich, Sandro Hussel, Enrique Ugarte, Raoul Alvarellos, Seref Dalyanoglu, Fabian Roemer, Tom Hake and many more. ETHNO WORLD 4 PROFESSIONAL, along with the new Kontakt 2 Player, are entering a new dimension with their progressive programming: with EW4 it is now possible for the first time to transpose all instrument licks and playing styles into any chosen key using the Elastic Audio Engine Time Machine II. All drum and percussion loops can be played in all tempi with the beat machine II and each individual loop is completely free to be programmed in all parameters. Using the sample start offset it is possible to select the point when a lick starts playing. A Legato Modus is now available for solo instruments - very effective for instance with woodwind. With the Humanize Modus each new note can be given a slightly altered timbre. makes the greatest diversity of ethnic tunings and scales possible. With ETHNO WORLD 4 PROFESSIONAL it is now possible to program in an entire orchestra. Just listen to the Demo! I hope users all over the world will find much enjoyment, plenty of inspiration and musical creativity in the musical transformation of ethnic and other styles. Marcel Barsotti

for for example a complete Morin Khuur string ensemble (Mongolia). It is now possible to create a whole string arrangement with up to 9 key switches, similar to large orchestra libraries. Many instruments from all continents can be played, for example Saron, Tibetan Bells, Saz,

INTRODUCTiON

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THE nEW InStruMEntS FroM EtHno WorLd 4


BOwED INSTRUMENTS:
Morin Khuur Violin, Morin Khuur Strings Ensemble, Ih Khuur Bass, Esray, Dilruba.

THE SOUND CONCEPT


Almost all instruments were recorded in stereo with various tempos. For sound reasons, several flutes were sampled in mono. Very often flutes do sound smoother and richer in mono. All instruments have been recorded with the finest state-of-the-art tube technology and then mastered with professional high quality plug-ins. Great care has been exercised to transmit the authenticity of the instruments. This sometimes means that original melodies are sampled with some unavoidable sounds and noises. The reference tuning is set at 440 Hz.

STRiNGED INSTRUMENTS:
Joochin (Dulzimer)

WOODwiNDS & BRASS:


Various Ocarinas, Tin Whistle and Low Whistle Licks, Shakuhachi, Pinkillo, Mancosedda, Launeddas, Crumhorn, Hotchiku, Fujara Overtone Flute, Irish Traverse Flute, Dvojacka Double Flute, Duduk, Didgeridoo, Ciaramella.

HOW TO USE THE INSTRUMENTS


The instruments can be used as they would be in a normal orchestra. For this reason there are different groups such as bell type instruments, bowed instruments, construction sets, gongs and bowls, key instruments, voices, construction sets, metal type instruments, stringed instruments, woodwinds and brass, world drums and world percussion. The instruments sound extremely dynamic and natural. You will hear the swish of vibrating strings and in addition there is an effects bank that lets you combine the specific noises of an instrument with the basic instrument sound.

VOiCES
Mongolian Vocal Ensemble, Male Subtone Vocals, Male Solo Vocals, Male Khoomii Overtone Vocals, Female Solo Vocals.

WORLD PERCUSSiON:
Mongolian Jews Harp, Mongolian Gong, Mongolian Framedrum, Hengereg Drum, Mongolian Bones Shaker, Jews Harp.

In the main program many instruments are equipped with dimension keys. Via keys they let you select the different playing styles of the instrument. Some of the instruments are programmed with up to 14 dimension keys and playing styles. For a certain instrument, the dimension keys allow you to change the playing styles like piano/forte, marcato, pizzicato, tremolo, glissandi, slides, mordent, trills and many more. With precise programming, one will no longer be able to differentiate between the Ethno World instruments and real instruments. In addition, there are many different loops, licks and effects in all tempos. Ethno World 4 Professional can be used within many different stylistic contexts.

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NEW INSTRUMENTS & SOUND CONCEPT & HOW TO USE

ABBREVIATIONS
BM TM CH DT ESP F FG FX GL LK LP NV ORIG P PL PLF PLP PS PT PZ S SD SL SP STAC STF STK STP SU TR TRL VIB VEL MOD Beatmachine Timemachine Chords Double Tone Espressivo Forte Fingerstyle Effect Glissando Lick Looped Programs Non Vibrato Original Tune Piano played with Plectrum Plectrum Forte Plectrum Piano Playing Styles Pitched Version Pizzicato Solo Slide Down Slides Slaps Staccato Staccato Forte played with Sticks Staccato Piano Slide up Tremolo Trill Vibrato Velocity Switch Modulation Wheel

BELL & METAL TYPE INSTRUMENTS


Here are some very unusual instruments from around the world. They all have varying dynamics, playing styles and loops.

Hugh Tracey Kalimba

Kalimba Kibirizi Tuning Plates New in Ethno World 4: The MONGOLIAN JEWS HARP and the Hungarian Jews Harp played by Sandro Friedrich, with unique loops.

THE SARON
The Saron is a Gamelan Glockenspiel from Lombok (1 octave).

ABBREViaTiONS & BELL & METaL TYPE INSTRUMENTS

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Gamelan Crash Bells (Lombok) & Saron (Gamelan Glockenspiel (Lombok) & Gamelan Wood Cowbell (Indonesia)

Shanghai Baby Piano (China) Also included are a Gamelan crashbell, where four firmly fixed cymbals are hit by two cymbals, and the Dreamcatchers, which are very much like windchimes.

KALiMbAS
The Kalimbas (African plucked instruments, here with 5 and 15 small metal rods) include programmes in the original tuning and in the European half tone tuning.

Gamelan Crash Bells (Lombok) Kalimba & Tamborc & Gopichand Here are some very unusual instruments from around the world. They all have varying dynamics, playing styles, loops and pitch programmes.

MORE BELL INSTRUMENTS


A selection of ethnic bell instruments is available as well as Tibetan singing bells, which are played with a rubber-coated stick. There are temple cymbals from China and Tibet and bells from Burma. You will find European instruments, such as a Metallophone, a chromatic 2 octave Glockenspiel, and small tubular bells. These too have varying dynamics. A few more unusual instruments are the Shanghai baby piano (its little wooden clappers fall on to longer metal rods), a bamboo vibraphone with synthetically produced tremolo.

Tibetan Temple Cymbals

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BELL BELL && MM ETaL ETAL TYPE TYPE INSTRUMENTS INSTRUmNETS

GONGS & BOWLS


From the instrument family of the Gongs, there are instruments such as the Wuhan Tam Tam from China, the Java Gong with a diameter of 80 Centimeters (approx. 31 inches) and the Tam Tam Besar from Indonesia. New in Ethno World 4 is the MONGOLIAN GONG.

Tibetan Singing Bells

TamTam Besar & Wuhan am Tam & Java Gong

Military Cymbals

Metallophon (Germany) & Chromatic Glockenspiel (Germany) & Small Bamboo Vibraphon (Synth. Tremolo.

Gong Besar 18 There is also a large collection of Singing Bowls at your disposal: Big Rako Bowls, Big Tibetan Sin-

GONgS & BOWLS

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ging Bowls from Tibet and Rin Bowls from Japan in different playing styles and sizes. From Indonesia is the Gong Besar with a deep curve at the back.

BOWED INSTRUMENTS
ERhU

Rin Bowls

Small Erhu Plectrum Violin & Erhu Plectrum Violin & Ceylon Guitar. In China the Erhu, Gaohu and Jinghu (Chinese opera violin) are traditional bowed instruments. The Erhu is a two-string violin tuned in fifths. It has no frets and no fingerboard and is being played with a fixed bow stick.

JiNghU OPERa ViOLiN

Big Tibetan Singing Bowls

The little Jinghu is a Chinese soprano violin which is used in Beijing opera music.

BigRako Singing Bowls,

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GONgS & BOWLS & BOWED INSTRUMNETS

GaOhU

Ih KhUUR BaSS

Erhu & Gaohu The Gaohu is an Erhu which plays in a higher key.

MORiN KhUUR ViOLiN

The bass morin khur is a bigger version of the morin khuur and plays in range and in sound like a traditional double bass.

DiLRUBa

Dra-Ngen (left) & Morin Khuur (right) The morin khuur sounds like a violin, but it has a trapezoidal body, a fretless neck and is strung with two horsehair strings. It was already being played in imperial palaces in the 12th century. The instrument is played with the fingernails or fingertips. It sounds a bit like a viola or a cello, but it can also be played in the higher violin ranges.

The dilruba is similar to the esraj, but has a larger resonance box, an angular body and is strung with

BOWED INSTRUMNETS

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20 instead of 15 resonance strings. This gives it a louder and fuller sound. (Ist hier Dilruba oder Esraj gemeint?) As with the esraj, the (ground base tone?) is tuned in between C and D.

EgYPTiaN FiDDLE

ESRaj

The Egyptian Fiddle does have a fingerboard and two strings but no frets. It has a high pitched sound and tends towards a hollow, nasal sound.

WESTERN FiDDLE
The Western Fiddle is a bowed instrument very similar to the Violin. The Fiddle differs from the classical Violin in the way that it is played and in the musical style in which it is played.

The Esraj (also known as israj or dilruba) is a string instrument found in two forms in India. Esraj and Dilruba have a very similar structure. Each has a sitar-like neck with 20 metal frets, and the neck holds a wooden rack with 12-15 sympathetic strings. The dilruba has more sympathetic strings and a differently shaped body than the esraj, but they both have four main strings which are bowed. All strings are metal, and the soundboard is a stretched piece of goatskin. The neck is played with a bow, with the other hand moving along the strings above the frets. The player may slide the note up or down to achieve the portamento, or meend, characteristic of Indian music.

STRINGED INSTRUMENTS

Contra Guitar F-Bass

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BOWED INSTRUMNETS & STRiNgED INSTRUMENTS

JOOChiN (DULCiMER)
The Joochin is a larger string instrument, similar to the European zither. It is played with different hammers, which gives it the typical choral sound.

15 strings, and it has an F tuning. It is played by plucking or tapping with sticks (as is the small Kantele).

ChiNESE ERhU

BaNjO & TRUXa MaNDOLiN

Chinese Erhu & Gaohu The Chinese Erhu violin (2 strings) was played with a plectrum and is played in two different ways: on the left half of the keyboard (E1 to C3) you can hear the first string with varying dynamics and the drone can be played from C1 to D1; on the right half of the keyboard (D3 to A4) you can play the melody line on the second string.

Banjo Framus & Saz Seven Strings There is also a banjo and a Truxa mandolin, which can be used for East Asian, European and Arabian styles.

SMaLL ERhU PLECTRUM ViOLiN & CEYLONESE GUiTaR


The Small Erhu plectrum violin and the Ceylonese guitar (2 strings with fingerboard) behave similarly, but they are more suited to an Arabian style.

BOUZOUki
The Bouzouk from Greece is a guitar-like instrument with 4 double courses, which is well known for its use of tremolo-style in Greek folk music (Alexis Zorbas).

KaNTELE

Bouzouki & Zsoura Kantele & Small-Kantele The Kantele (developed from the dulcimer) has

STRiNgED INSTRUMENTS

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ZhENg HaRP

SiTaR & TaMPURa

The Zheng Harp (Chinese curved base Zither) is similar to the Japanese Koto. It is a harp with a size of approximately 2 Meters and its 21 strings are tuned diatonically. The Zhengs particular vibrato is produced with the left hand close to the bridge.

SiX-STRiNgED STEEL gUiTaR


There is a six-stringed steel guitar with slide notes and Effects

Sitar (left) & Taboura (right) The Sitar and the Tampura are the most famous stringed instruments from India. The standard Sitar has 7 main strings and 11 freely vibrating sympathetic strings for harmonics. The Tampura, used as an accompaniment instrument for Raga singing or together with Sitar, consists of 5 strings without a fingerboard. It is played with a glissando chord and tuned to keynote and fifth (fourth).

ZSOURa
The Zsoura is a small three voice Bouzouki which is very well suited as a solo instrument because of its higher pitch.

11 STRiNgED INSTRUMENTS

DRa-NgEN

OUD

The Dra-Ngen is a 7 string kerb lute with matching half octave string originating from Bhutan.

BaLaLaika & DOMRa


The Balalaika and the Domra are both from Russia. The Balalaika is tuned in E-E-A and is mostly played with a tremolo. The accompaniment, the Domra, originally comes from Mongolia. It is a small plucked guitar tuned in fifths. It can be built in several different styles.

The Oud originally comes from the geographical area of Persia and is a short-necked lute with up to 6 double courses. Due to its fretless fingerboard it can be played in micro-intervals.

UkULELE
The Ukulele from Hawaii is a small 4 string guitar tuned to A-D-F#-B (a soprano version is featured here).

Timple & Domra

TiMPLE
The Timple is the traditional 5 string guitar from Lanzarote. It is similar to the Ukulele. Banjolin (upper) Ukulele (Lower)

STRiNgED INSTRUMENTS

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BaNjOLiN
The Banjolin has existed since 1885 and is also known as the Banjo Mandolin. It is mandolin with 4 double courses tuned to G-D-A- E. It is played with a banjo corpus.

VESTER ACOUSTiCBaSS

SaNTOOR

The Vester Acousticbass is an acoustic 4-string bass guitar which is tuned to E-A-D-G. Santoor Saberi The 72 string Santoor is a 4-voice zither from Persia which is played with two hammers over a tonal range of 3 octaves.

CONTiNENTaL RESONaTOR GUiTaR

CORa

The Cora, a harp-like stringed instrument from West Africa, features 8 to 16 strings that can be tuned over a bridge. The strings are fixed without a fingerboard, and are plucked with several fingers. This resonator guitar made by Continental from Germany is a tin guitar which is brought to resonance with the resonator cone. Its sound is slightly tinny and aggressive. The instrument often is played with the slide technique.

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STRiNgED INSTRUMENTS

CMBS

SaZ

The Cmbs is a Turkish long-neck lute with a circular metal bowl resonator covered with a screwtensioned hide sound table. It resembles a Banjo, only with a deeper bowl resonator and a wider unfretted neck; its sound is deeper. It has six double courses (pairs) of metal strings attached to metal machine tuning heads. It is tuned (and played) with a quill or a plectrum, like the oud.

The Saz or Baglama is a Turkish long-neck lute with seven strings and frets. Despite its shape which is similar to the Greek Bouzouki, it is different in construction, size and sound. The Saz is the most popular string instrument in Turkey. The word Saz originates in the Persian language and simply means musical instrument. It is the traditional accompanying instrument of the bards who are called Asik in Anatolia and the Caucasian regionand is played in an open tuning. Slaps is a further playing style available here.

TaNBUR

GRaND MONOChORD

Tanbour & Oud The Tanbur, a long-neck lute from the Middle East, is played with a pick (plectrum) just like a Mandolin.

The sound bench on this recording is being used in the Contexts of relaxation and wellness, birth preparation, in kindergartens and in schools. The 50 strings running over two well rounded frets found their way from the cembalo to this instrument; they guarantee a very warm, pleasant and deep sound with rich harmonics.

STRiNgED INSTRUMENTS

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WOODWIND AND BRASS

IRiSh TRaVERSE FLUTE

Top to bottom: Bamboo Flute. Irish Low Whistle. Recorder Alto F. Dagoba Flute. Susato Tin Whistle

FUJARA

A keyless Irish flute with an ebony body and a silver head with an ebonite lip plate, made in County Clare. This style of flute has become popular in Ireland in the last 50 years, but was originally based on the German reform flute. Its rich sound has become an unmistakeable part of traditional Irish music.

PiNkiLLO

The Slovakian Fujara - like many flutes an instrument of the cattle drovers - is made from elder. After removing the soft pulp, the two elder tubes (one up to 170 cm/67 inches long, the other significantly shorter) are attached to each other. The long tube is fitted with a labium and three gripholes, the shorter tube gets a mouthpiece which is used to blow the flute.

The pinkillo is a fipple flute from the South American Andes. It is typically 30 - 40cm in length and made from bamboo or reed. The range is usually two octaves.

DiDgERiDOO
The didgeridoo is a wind instrument from the Australian Aborigines. By slightly changing the position of the mouth, the player can influence the overtone spectrum of the sound. The instrument is mostly played with circular breathing, a technique which enables continuous sound.

DVOjaCka
The dvojacka is a double flute / overtone flute from Slovakia. It has a quarter of the length of the fujara and therefore these instruments can be played together. The musical possibilities include doubleflute-melodies and overtone flute techniques similar to the ones used on the fujara.

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WOODWiND & BRaSS

OCaRiNaS

ShakUhaChi

Ocarinas are fipple flutes made from clay with a non-cylindrical hollow which enables various fingering techniques. They originate in Italy, where traditional instrument makers construct them in many different sizes. The range is usually one octave and three tones.

DUDUk

The shakuhachi is a Japanese end notch flute, usually made from bamboo. The open notch makes it more difficult to play but more versatile in sound variations. It was originally used by the members of a sect of Zen Buddhism as a part of their meditation. The range is two octaves and three tones.

HOTChikU

The duduk is a double-reed instrument from Armenia. Its huge reed which gives the instrument its voice-like, mournful sound, is made from an indigenous reed. The body of the instrument is usually made from aged apricot wood. The range is one octave.

This is the big brother of the shakuhachi. It requires the same playing techniques and has similar sound characteristics as the shakuhachi, but it is about 2.3 feet in length and therefore lower in pitch.

WOODWiND & BRaSS

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CiaRaMELLa

CRUMhORN

The ciaramella is a shawm from the Abbruzze mountains of Italy. It is a double- reed instrument of about 1 foot of length with an unmistakable loud nasal sound and a range of one octave. Traditionally it is played around Christmas time together with the Italian zampogna (bagpipes).

The Crumhorn with its rather duck-like sound quality is a double-reed instrument from the European Renaissance, where such instruments were often played in groups of different sizes. The doublereed itself is hidden in a closed cap.

LaUNEDDaS

TiN WhiSTLE

The Sardinian launeddas consist of three single pipes made of reed: two five-holed chanters and a drone. They are played with circular breathing and are still used for religious ceremonies and dances. The range is one octave.

MaNCOSEDDa
Like the launeddas, its origins lie in Sardinia. It is a single-reed instrument with similar sound characteristics, but unlike the launeddas it has up to seven holes which makes it more useful for complex melodies and gives it an extended range of one octave.

The tin whistle is an Irish fipple flute made of metal which usually has a range of two octaves and four tones. The particular decoration techniques and slurs make its sound unmistakeable.

LOW WhiSTLE
The low whistle might be encountered a bit less often than the tin whistle in traditional Irish music, but it has a richer sound. It is often used in slow airs.

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WOODWiND & BRaSS

BaWU

ShENg

The Bawu is a smooth and mellow sounding Chinese bamboo flute with 5 holes. Its sound is produced by a copper reed.

The Sheng also known as mouth organ, comes from China as well, and its sound is similar to a blow organ. The sound is produced by 30 bamboo tubes with valves. The Sheng covers a tonal range of approx. 3 octaves.

HULUSi

QUENa & MOCENO FLUTE

The Chinese Hulusi (pic2 Chinese Hulusi) is a 6 hole double tube flute with a bamboo body in the shape of a pumpkin. Its sound is warm and clear.

ShiVa FLUTE
The Shiva Flute is played by Indian preachers. This brass flute has a very transparent and high pitch sound. The Quena and the Moceno Flute both are South American end notch flutes from Bolivia. Their characteristically powerful and airy sound is a bit similar to the Shakuhachi.

EUROPEaN TENOR RECORDER


The European Tenor Recorder starts at C minor and belongs to the instrument family of recorders.

HaWaiiaN ShELLhORN
The Hawaiian Shellhorn is a shell-like horn flute from Hawaii.

WOODWiND & BRaSS

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PERUViaN OCaRiNaS

INDiaN ShENai
The Indian Shenai is a double reed flute and it is very similar to the Schalmei from Morocco. It starts at G# and sounds very loud and harsh.

ZUkRa BagPiPE

The Peruvian Ocarinas are made from clay and are, as their name implies, from Peru.

Rag DUN HORN


The Zukra Bagpipe, a Tunisian bagpipe, is a double reed flute with a kid-leather body. By powerfully blowing into the instrument it works like a bagpipe. The Rag Dun Horn is often played at ceremonies. It comes from the Himalayas and shows similarities with the European Alphorn, but it sounds much louder and more metallic than its European counterpart. There are Rag Dun Horn versions of up to 3 Meters (approx. 9 ft.) length.

UiLLEaNN PiPES

DUNg DkaR CONCh TRUMPET

Uilleann Pipes Irish & Overton Whistles Uilleann Pipes is the name for the Irish bagpipe. Uilleann is the gaelic word for elbow. The name came from the fact that the Uillean Pipes get supplied with air not with the mouth, but by a bellow which is compressed with the elbow.

The Dung Dkar Conch Trumpet from the Himalayas is a shell-like trumpet with rich ornamentation.

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WOODWiND & BRaSS

PaN FLUTE

WORLD DRUMS
All drums have two or more dynamics on each key and all loops are in beatmachine-mode. Many programs contain single samples in addition to the loops to imitate a phrase realistically.

The Pan Flute - named after Pan, god of the sheperds. The sound of this instrument originates from an airstream which is directed to a sharp edge that cuts this airstream (on its cutting edge). All over the world Pan Flutes developed in different cultures more than 6000 years ago. Today the very airy sounding Pan Flutes from South America are famous, especially the ones from the Andes with their tubes aligned in one row.

OVERTON IRiSh WhiSTLES


Overton Whistles are handmade Irish aluminium whistles. Three whistles are combined to one instrument to achieve a greater range.

Derbuka & Small Derbuka & Iran Bongos

VaRiOUS WOODWiNDS
All the woodwind instruments have tapered notes, some with and some without vibrato. The following instruments are included: an Indian and a Ceylonese snake charmer and a double neck recorder made from a pumpkin, which always plays two notes at once like a bagpipe. There is, however, a programme that lets you play on just one recorder neck at a time. With its loop version you can imitate Irish pipes. There is a big bamboo flute from Indonesia for warm sounds and for a strong ethnic flute character, a Mexican piccolo, a clay ocarina from Peru, a Dagoba (temple) flute from Sri Lanka and an alto recorder in F. In addition, there is a good selection of flute phrases and effects for the musical regions of East Asia and South America. Talking Drum & Dolek & Fujara Flute

WOODWiND & BRaSS & WORLD DRUMS

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MONgOLiaN HENgEREg DRUM aND MONgOLiaN FRaMEDRUM

Big African Donn Donn Drum & Madal Drum & Ceremony Drum

MaDaL DRUM
Mongolian Hengereg Drum The Madal drum originally comes from Nepal. It has different sized drum skins on each side and can be tuned with wooden keys on interlaced skins.

GRaN MiLiTaRY CaSSa

Mongolian Framedrum These traditional drums stem from the classic instrument collections of Mongolian folk groups. The Mongolian Hengereg Drum, often sparkling with colour, is a bass drum played with wooden drumsticks.

BaLi CEREMONiaL DRUM


This ceremonial drum comes from Bali

AfRiCaN DONN DONN


The African Donn Donn is a tin drum with a cow hide skin and is especially recommended for African and Indian grooves.

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WORLD DRUMS

Bodhran. Its characteristic sound is produced by two cords inside the drum.

BaSS CajON & YaMBU

Water Drums

IRaNiaN BONgOS
Iranian bongos are very small and made from solid wood. Their sound is loud and high pitched and they are played with sticks. Bass Cajon The Bass Cajon and the Yambu are two large drums from Peru and Cuba which both have a wooden head. They were used to urge slaves to work.

METaL DaRaBUka / DaRaBUka


For typical ethnic grooves there is a metal Darabuka from Turkey, not to be mistaken for Derbukas, which are from Morocco and have a clay body (generally higher pitched).

DjEMBE

TUNiS CEREMONY DRUM & TUNiS TaMBURiN


Also from Tunisia are the Tunis Ceremony Drum and the Tunis Tamburin.

Tunis Ceremony Drum & Tunis Tamburin & Bendir

BENDiR
The Bendir from Tunisia is similar to the Irish

Moroccon Conga & Djembe & TDrum The Djembe is a drum originating from Moroccon Guinea and Mali. It has a batter head made from

WORLD DRUMS

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goat skin and it offers a rich sound palette.

SMaLL CaSSa
The Small Cassa has a very low and mighty sound, well suited to produce big drum grooves of all styles. There is also the big hand drum for all playing styles, a tambourine drum and a headless tambourine with rolls and crescendi, brass tablas from India, low pitched timbales and grooves, etc.

WORLD PERCUSSION
Here are some very unusual instruments such as the Angklung from Indonesia. Varying woods in diatonic tuning are shaken to achieve a kind of tremolo sound. This instrument can sound quite East Asian, but can also be used as a kind of Russian balalaika.

KaNjiRa

Kanjira - a simple South Indian frame drum which is hit only with the right hand. Nevertheless it provides an astounding variety of sounds. By keeping the skin moist one gets a remarkable bass sound.

SURDO
Rainmakers, Chicken Eggs, Afuche Cabasa, Various Maracas Furthermore there is the wide selection of playing techniques and loops of shaker-like percussion instruments such as the African rice shaker (a rice filled rectangular bamboo board), an Afuche Cabasa with metal chains, South American rainmakers in varying sizes, chicken eggs and maracas from Africa and America, Jews Harps and many more. This big Samba drum from Brazil is played with heavy sticks. It provides the basic rhythm for the Samba and is constructed from a large aluminium kettle, strung with two plastic skins.

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WORLD DRUMS & WORLD PERCUSSiON

MONgOLiaN BONES ShakER

Baobab Shaker & Cola Shaker & Rattle Shakers & Eggs & Wood Shaker & Small Maracas & Metal Guiro Shaker

GOPiChaND

New in Ethno World 4.

The Gopichand is a plucked drum from Bengal. It is made of two longitudinal wooden sticks and a body which changes its pitch whenever an internal string is being compressed.

Chi GONg BaLLS


Chi Gong balls from China, which are traditionally used for hand meditation, a Gamelan wooden bell, two hand cymbals from Europe and many other percussion instruments from around the world.

KEY INSTRUMENTS
SCaLE ChaNgER HaRMONiUM

BaLafON & AfRiCaN XYLOPhONE

The Balafon and the African Xylophone both are from Senegal, they are the counterpart to the European Xylophone. The Balafon exists in versions of different size. The resonance of the sound boards is transmitted over pumpkins cut in half.

The Scale Changer Harmonium was first introduced to India by the missionaries. It is brought to resonance with a stream of air. The whole keyboard can be shifted, and thereby the key note is adjustable from G# to E. An organ sound can also be added.

WORLD PERCUSSiON & KEY INSTRUMENTS

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DaLLaPE ACCORDiON

VOICES

Besides the Khoomii overtone singing, Ethno World 4 also includes various male and female solo voices from Mongolia and a Mongolian Choir.

KhOOMii OVERTONE SiNgiNg


Khoomii singing is the typical Mongolian overtone singing. This unique, ethnic sounding way of singing is created by combining abdominal, diaphragm and chest breathing. By varying the resonance of the mouth cavity and with stronger air compression it is possible to create melodies. The three basic Khoomii techniques are chest khoomii, throat khoomii and kharkhira khoomii.

The Dallape Accordion from Italy is a 3 octave wide accordion with keys.

HOhNER MELODiCa

The Hohner Melodica is a keyboard-like reed instrument from Germany and features a scale of 2 octaves.

25

KEY INSTRUMENTS & VOiCES

BiograpHiES
MaRCEL BaRSOTTi ThE PRODUCER

World, in 2000. Together with Ethno World Volume 4, this has become one of the most successful ethnic DVD Libraries in the world . MARCEL BARSOTTI Filmmusic Composer THE SCORE Record Company BAM Music Publishing Germany barsotti@t-online.de www.marcelbarsotti.com

ANDREaS HOfNER
Marcel Barsotti has been one of the most successful film composers in Germany for over 10 years. Many of his by now more than 60 film compositions have become popular cinema music hits Das Wunder von Bern, Deutschland. Ein Sommermarchen, Rennschwein Rudi Russel 2, Kebab Connection, Wo ist Fred?, Gruene Wuste and Dolphins. On the international scene, he composed music for the award-winning film productions Sirga the Lioness and The Poet. Barsotti has worked together with Luc Besson Production, Carl Schenkel, Caroline Link, Sonke Wortmann, Gunter Rohrbach, Josee Dayan, Paul Hills, Hark Bohm, Gus Trikonis and Harold Faltermeyer, among others. Marcel Barsotti is also responsible for many advertising tunes and world wide corporate signature tunes, such as RTL2, SOS Childrens Villages and Concorde Film Distribution. Michael Barsotti holds film music workshops in Europe, and he is a member of the German composers association, the Composer Club, and a member of the German Film Academy jury. He gained two nominations for the German Television Awards in 2004, and in 2005 the Designer Award for best advertising music. In 2005, he founded the film music label THE SCORE Record Company with Stefan Broedner. Besides his film composing activities, he published his first library for ethnic instruments, Ethno

Andreas Hofner has been working as an independent composer and music producer in Munich for more than 20 years. After having piano, guitar and saxophone lessons, he acquired his own music and studio know how. He has written several radio jingles, music for many commercial films and advertising spots, and also title music and scores for several television productions. In the pop sphere he has worked successfully with THE LES HUMPHRIES SINGERS, JURGEN DREWS and PETER SCHILLING, participating successfully in the 1986 Eurovision Song Contest. ARTMAN MUSIC Andreas Hofner www.artman-music.de

BiOgRaPhiES

26

SaNDRO HUSSEL

SaNDRO FRiEDRiCh

As a musician, producer and luthier, Sandro Hussel has always had a special interest in string and percussion instruments from the Far East, Africa and Eastern Europe. It is these instruments which serve him as a source of inspiration, and meet his requirements for authenticity, originality and intensity. Sandro Hussels main workshop is Woodstage Studio in Zurich, an insider-tip for creative sound production, which brings natural sound resources and digital technology together in perfect harmony. Aside from his own projects, he also works with artists such as Lee Scratch Perry and Betty Legler, and is also available for commercial and filmmusic projects. Woodstage sound studio Sandro Hussel Baslerstrasse 51 8048 Zrich Mobile 0041 (0)78 912 45 79 0049 44 731 11 18 0049 44 492 95 19 Email . Woodstage@bluewin.ch

Sandro Friedrich started his education with early music. For over 20 years he has been working with instruments and music of many cultures. His skills have grown to include an astonishing spectrum of over 120 different wind instruments. His musical styles vary from world music, rock, folk, and pop, to techno/trance, from chill-out to film music. For over 10 years he performed with his own band ACANTO (3CDs, awards, concerts, festivals, radio and TV appearances). As a studio musician he has recorded with well-known Swiss musicians such as Andreas Vollenweider and Dodo Hug. He has recorded film music with composers such as Enjott Schneider (Die Flucht), Andre Matthias (The Drummer), Sebastian Pille, Andreas Weidinger (Rosamunde Pilcher: Wiedersehen am Shannon River) and others. A wide spectrum of studio jobs on over 20 international CDs, and recording sessions with Rue du Soleil (Caf del Mar) and Uffe Savery from Safri Duo complete his studio experience. He also performs live in various bands and combinations. As musician and composer his strength lies in the originality of his melodic lines, the power of his rhythmic grooves and his ability to competently and flexibly support diverse musical atmospheres. His technical knowledge also enables recording jobs via internet in addition to traditional studio work. Please visit him at www. powerflute.ch for further information. Im Bueeli 6 8864 Reichenburg Switzerland Tel. & Fax: 0041 / 55 - 444 30 43 info@powerflute.ch www.powerflute.ch

27

EgSChigLEN ENSEMBLE
Egschiglen Ensemble Management: Birgit Ellinghaus
Heaven and Earth - Label & Publishing Zwirnerstr. 26 D - 50678 Cologne
FON:0049.221.813211 FAX:

0049.221.811053

EMAiL:label@albakultur.de

birgit@albakultur.de www.albakultur.de Contemporary and traditional music and dance from Mongolia. The ensemble EGSCHIGLEN (beautiful melody) was founded in 1991 in Mongolia by master-class students at the Ulan Bator Conservatory. The core of the ensemble still consists of four of its founder members. From the outset these artists have placed their countrys contemporary music at the forefront and have systematically explored the sound dimensions of this repertoire with traditional instruments from Mongolia and with Central Asian song techniques. The name EGSCHIGLEN means good sound or beautiful melody. Tume (Tumenbayar Migdorj) and Tumru (Tumursaihan Yanlav) sing and play the horse head violin, the morin khuur, a string instrument with two horse hair strings which is played like a cello. Uugan (Uuganbaatar TsendOchir) bows and plucks the bass. Solo singer Amra (Amartuwshin Baasandorj) sings in the khoomii style and plays the swan neck lute, the tobshuur. Khoomii is a specific kind of overtone singing, where lower tones and overtones are simultaneously modulated into a melody. Sara (Sarangel Tserevsamba) plays virtuoso dulcimer and is the female voice in the ensemble. EGSCHIGLENs music impresses with its variety and delicacy of expression. Khoomii singing, especially, is unbelievably amazing. Do these low and high notes really come from the throat at the same time? (indeed, they do!). The EGSCHIGLEN musicians transport us far away into the fascinating culture of their remote homeland, and at the same time into the common centre of human existence beyond all cultural differences. Ariunaa Tserendavaa: Tanz Taivan Chimeddoo: Moderation

CrEditS
Produced by

MaRCEL BaRSOTTi ANDREaS HOfNER


Photos by

BAM MUSiC & RiChaRD AiChER


Recorded and mastered at

BAM MUSiC & ARTMaN MUSiC


NI Kontakt Script programming by

JOSEf NaTTERER
Additional Recording

ENRiCO COROMiNES
Design & graphic realisation by

MaRCEL BaRSOTTi & RiChaRD AiChER

BiOgRaPhiES & CREDiTS

28

THE MUSICIANS FROM ETHNO WORLD


MaRCEL BaRSOTTi
Stringed instruments, drums & percussion, flutes and key instruments

SaRaNgEL TSEREVSaMBa

ANDREaS HOfNER
Stringed instruments, drums & percussion, flutes and key instruments

SaNDRO FRiEDRiCh
(www.powerflute.ch) Various Ocarinas, Tin & Low Whistle Licks, Shakuhachi, Pinkillo, Mancosedda, Launeddas, Crumhorn, Hotchiku, Fujara Overtone Flute, Irish Traverse Flute, Dvojacka, Double Flute, Duduk, Didgeridoo, Ciaramella

SaNDRO HUSSEL
ESRAJ, DILRUBA

(from the Egschiglen Ensemble) joochin (Dulzimer), Vocals

TUMENBaYaR MigDORj
(from the Egschiglen Ensemble) morin khuur, Vocals

XiZhi NiE

TUMURSaihaN YaNLaV
(from the Egschiglen Ensemble) morin khuur, Vocals

UUgaNBaaTaR TSEND-OChiR
(from the Egschiglen Ensemble) ih khuur bass

AMaRTUWShiN BaaSaNDORj
(from the Egschiglen Ensemble) khoomii Vocals, morin khuur Erhu, Gaohu, Jinghu, Bawu, Sheng, Hulusi, Melodica

29

ThE MUSiCiaNS fROM EThNO WORLD

ENRiqUE UgaRTE

FaBiaN ROEMER

Moorin Khur Effects, Egyptian violin Accordion, Shenai

RECORDiNg SESSiON

RaOUL ALVaRELLOS

Shiva flute, Tenor Recorder

DaViD JUNiOR

Enrico Coromines (Additional Recording), Andreas Hofner and members of Egschiglen

PEPE ROChaS
Kena, Mocno Bassflute

ANDREaS ZOELLNER
Rag Dun horns, Hawaiian Shell horn

WOLfgaNg LOhMEiER
Drums, Percussion, Monochord

ANDREaS WEiDiNgER
World percussion and drums Various Bamboo- and European Flutes

TOM HakE

ThE MUSiCiaNS fROM EThNO WORLD

30

Overtone Whistles and Uilleann Pipes

SEREf DaLYaNOgLU
Saz, Oud, Cmbs & Tanbur

CLaUS GSTaTTER
Western Fiddle

WOLfgaNg KOTZOWiLiS
Military Drums

BERNhaRD ZELLER
Additional Didgeridoo

SPECiaL ThaNkS TO: KLaUS KaNDLER, GUNDi, REgiNa, ALEX, ROLaND, RiChaRD, ThE MUSiC ShOP CREW, ANDi, ChRiSTOf, JOSEf, FELi, FRaNZ aND aLL ThE gREaT MUSiCiaNS!

LicEnSE AgrEEMEnt

The samples and software contained in this library are licensed to you for use in music, multimedia and film productions only. Only the purchaser of this CD is authorized to use the sounds. Unauthorized copying, reproduction (including conversion and reproduction in other data formats) hire, rental, public performance, broadcasting and distribution is expressly prohibited. best service constantly monitors other soundware releases to check for copyright infringements, and will prosecute all piracy and copyright violations to the fullest extent of the law. All rights by best service. 2007 best service. All rights reserved

ThE MUSiCiaNS fROM EThNO WORLD & LiCENSE AgREEMENT

31

BELL TypE InStruMEntS

DVD CONTENT

Instrument EW-Vol. Belltree 3 Bhutan Bells 2 China Finger Cymbals 1 Chromatic Glockenspiel 1 Gamelan Crash Bells 1 Iran Fingercymbals 3 Metallophon 1 Mini Bells 2 Saron Gamelan 1 Shanghai Baby Piano 1 Small Bamboo Vibraphon 1 Small Burma Bells 1 Small Tubular Bells 1 Tibetan Singing Bells 1 Tibetan Temple Cymbals 1 Vietnam bells 2 Windbells 3

China Set 140 3 Mid East Set 100 3 Mid East Set 120 3 Mid East Set 140 3 Mid East Set 80 3

GongS & BoWLS


Instrument EW-Vol. Big Rako Bowls 2 Big Tibetan Singing Bowls 2 Gong Besar 18 1 Java Gong 2 Mongolian Gong 4 Rin Bowls 2 Tam Tam Besar 2 Thai Gong 14 1 Wuhan Tam Tam 2

BoWEd InStruMEntS
Instrument EW-Vol. Dilruba 4 Egyptian Fiddle 2 Erhu 2 Esraj 4 Gaohu 2 Ih Khuur Bass 4 Jinghu 2 Moorin Khur 2 Morin Khuur Strings Ensemble 4 Morin Khurr Violin 4 Western Fiddle Licks 3

KEy InStruMEnt
Instrument EW-Vol. Dallape Accordion 2 Melodica 2 Scale Changer Harmonium India 2

MEtaL TypE INStruMEntS


Instrument EW-Vol. Bass Kalimba 2 Cymbals 2 Hand Cymbals 1 Hugh Tracey Kalimba 3 JEWS HARP 4 Kalimba Kibirizi 15 tuning Plates 1 Kalimba Kibirizi 5 tuning Plates 1 Metal Squares 1 Mongolian Jews Harp 4

ConStruction SEtS
Instrument EW-Vol. China Set 100 3 China Set 120 3

DVD CONTENT

32

StringEd InStruMEntS
Instrument EW-Vol. Balalaika 2 Banjo Framus 1 Banjolin 2 Bouzouki 2 Ceylon Guitar 1 Contra Guitar F - Bass 1 Cora 2 Cmbs 3 Domra 2 Dra-Ngen 2 Erhu Plectrum Violin 1 Grand Monochord 3 Kantele 1 Mandolin Truxa 1 Oud 2 Oud Licks 3 Resonator Guitar 2 Santoor 2 Saz Licks 3 Saz Seven Strings 1 Sitar 2 Small Erhu Plectrum Violin 1 Small Kantele 1 Steel String Guitar Falcon 1 Tampura 2 Tanbur 3 Timple 2 Ukulele 2 Vester Acousticbass 2 Zheng 2 Zsoura 2

WoodWindS & BraSS


Instrument EW-Vol. Bamboo Flute 1 Bawu 2 Ceylon Snake Charmer 1 Ciaramella 4 Dagoba Flute 1 Didgeridoo 4 Duduk 4 Dung Dkar Conch Trumpets 2 Dvojacka Double Flute 4 Fujara 3 Fujara Overtone Flute 4 Hotchiku 4 Hulusi 2 Indian Snake Charmer 1 Irish Low Whistle 1 Kena 2 Crumhorn 4 Launeddas 4 Mancosedda 4 Mexican Piccolo Flute 1 Moceno 2 Ocarina 1 Overton Irish Whistle 3 Overton Irish Whistle Licks 3 Panflute 3 Peruvian Ocarinas 2 Pinkillo 4 Rag Dun Horn 2 Recorder Alto F 1 Shakuhachi 4 Shellhorn 2 Shenai 2 Sheng 2 Shiva Flute 2 Susato Tin Whistle D 1 Tenor Recorder 2 Tin Whistle & Low Whistle LIcks 4 Uilleann Pipes 3 Various Ocarinas 4 Zukra Bagpipe 2

VoicES
Instrument EW-Vol. Female Solo Vocals 4 Male Khoomii Overtone Vocals 4 Male Solo Vocals 4 Male Subtone Vocals 4 Mongolian Vocal Ensemble 4

33

DVD CONTENT

WorLd DruMS
Instrument EW-Vol. Bass Cajon 2 Bass Skin Udu 2 Bendir 2 Big African Donn Donn Drum 1 Big hand Drum 1 Ceremony Drum 1 Darabuka 1 Derbuka 1 Djembe 2 Dolek 3 Dream Catcher 1 Flat Udu 3 Indian Tablas 1 Iran Bongos 1 Kanjira 3 Madal Drum 1 Military Cassa 2 Military Snaredrum 1 Mongolian Framedrum 4 Moroccon Conga 2 Piccolo Military Snaredrum 1 Pitched Timbales 1 Small Cassa 1 Small Derbuka 1 Surdo 3 Talking Drum 3 Tambourine Drum 1 Traditional Bongos 1 Tunis Ceremony Drum 2 Waterdrums 3 Yambu 2

WorLd PErcuSSion
Instrument EW-Vol. African Xylophone 2 Afuche Cabasa 1 American Woodblocks 1 Angklung Gamelan 1 Balafon 2 Bamboo Windchimes 1 Baobab Shaker 3 Big African Rice Shaker 1 Castanets 1 Chi Gong Balls 1 Chicken Eggs 1 Cola Shaker 3 Drum Pots 1 Gamelan Wooden Cowbell 1 Gon Bops Cuica 2 Gopichand 2 Headless Tambourine 1 Log drum 2 Maracas 1 Metal Guiro Shaker 3 Mixed Wood Percussion 3 Mongolian Bones Shaker 4 Nut Shaker 3 Oceandrum 2 Rainmakers 1 Rattle Shaker 3 Schellenkranz 2 Shaker Set 100 3 Shaker Set 120 3 Shaker Set 140 3 Shaker Set 80 3 Shell Shekere 2 Small Chickeneggs 3 Small Maracas 3 Traditional Cowbells 1 Tunis Tambourine 2 Wood Shaker 3 Wooden Bells 2 World Glasses 1 Wrist Jingles 2

DVD CONTENT

34

35

NOTES

40