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Contents

I. Background Information Introduction Denitions Example Calculations for Vent Selection Horizontal Cylindrical Storage Tank Vertical Cylindrical Storage Tank Horizontal Rectangular Storage Tank Calculation Tables Precalculated-Horizontal Cylindrical Tanks Precalculated-Vertical Cylindrical Storage Tanks Precalculated-Horizontal Rectangular Storage Tanks Wetted Areas for Horizontal Cylindrical Tanks Wetted Areas for Vertical Cylindrical Tanks Emergency Venting Capacity Gallon Capacity per Foot of Length Vent Selection Morrison Vents-Capacities Vent Combination Examples Morrison Equipment Aboveground Fuel Storage Diagrams Pressure Systems Suction Systems Bulk Storage Page 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 24 26 28

II.

III.

IV.

V.

References
NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code 2003 Edition National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269 Steel Aboveground Tanks 9th Edition, December 28, 2006 UL Standards for SafetyUL Publication Stock, 333 Pngsten Road, Northbrook, IL 60062, Tel (847) 272-8800

UL 142

API Std 2000 Venting Atmospheric & Low Pressure Storage Tanks American Petroleum InstituteFifth Edition, April 1998 1120 L Street, Northwest, Washington, DC 20005 Order #822-20000 PEI RP200 Recommended Practices for Installation of Aboveground Storage Systems for Motor Vehicle Fueling Petroleum Equipment Institute, 2003 Edition, P.O. Box 2380. Tulsa, OK, Tel (918) 494-9696 325 East 24th Street, Dubuque, Iowa 52001. Tel (563) 583-5701

Morrison

Page 1 Morrison Venting Guide

Background Information
The Morrison Venting Guide was created to assist in equipment selection for aboveground storage tanks. Examples on the next two pages illustrate a vent selection process. It is best to work through the examples before attempting to use any of the tables in this book. Tables include examples for standard sized tanks. The venting capacity charts and wetted area tables were taken directly from NFPA 30 and UL 142. The vent selection chapter includes venting capacities of specic Morrison vents. This data was obtained from results of laboratory testing and engineering calculations. Catalog pages of the Morrison equipment follow the vent capacity chart.

Denitions
Emergency Venting Venting sufcient to relieve excessive internal pressure in storage tanks caused by exposure res. Venting rate may exceed requirements of normal atmospheric and product transfer effects. In such cases, the construction of the tank will determine if additional venting capacity must be provided. Atmospheric Tank A storage tank that has been designed to operate at pressures from atmospheric through 1.0 PSIG (760 mm Hg through 812 mm Hg) measured at the top of the tank (NFPA 30 Pg. 30-13). Pressure not to exceed 1.0 PSIG under normal operation, and 2.5 PSIG under emergency conditions (PEI RP-200). Pressure Relieving Devices Dened in NFPA 30 4.2.5.2.3, where entire dependence for emergency relief is placed upon pressure relieving devices, the total venting capacity of both normal and emergency vents shall be enough to prevent rupture of the shell or bottom of the tank if vertical, or of the shell or heads if horizontal. Wetted Area Exposed surface or shell area of a tank used in determining the venting requirements needed for that size tank in event of an exposure re. In a horizontal tank, the wetted area is calculated as 75% of the exposed surface area. In a vertical tank, the wetted area is calculated as the rst 30 ft. above grade of the exposed shell area of the tank. CFH Abbreviation for Cubic Feet per Hour used to quantify or measure the airow and degree of pressure relief for venting calculations. Vent Capacity The maximum rate of airow (CFH) recorded under test conditions at a maximum pressure of 2.5 PSI for specic sized emergency vents. This capacity rating is often required to be indicated on the vent itself.

Page 2 Morrison Venting Guide

Vent Selection/Capacity Example 1


Horizontal Cylindrical Storage Tank

TANK CAPACITY 10,000 gallons TANK SIZE 10 ft. dia x 17 ft. long

STEP 1 Precalculated Data for Common Sizes Find tank size on Table A which can be found on page 5. Table lists wetted area and CFH for common sized horizontal tanks. For a 10 x 17 tank wetted area = 518 sq. ft. and required vent capacity = 360,840 CFH. Proceed to Step 5. STEP 2 Wetted Area Table If tank size is NOT listed on Table A, page 5, wetted area can also be found on Table D, page 8. Follow grid for this example 10 diameter x 17 length = 518 sq. ft. Proceed to Step 4. STEP 3 Calculate Wetted Area If the tank size is NOT on either chart, wetted area can be calculated. For Horizontal Tanks, wetted area = 75% of the total exposed surface area. For a 10 x 17 tank: 0.75[2(area of each end) + (area of shell)] = wetted area = 3.14, d = diameter, L = length, WA = wetted area WA = 0.75[(d2 2) +(dL)] 0.75[((3.14)(102) 2) + (3.14)(10)(17)] WA = 518 sq. ft. STEP 4 Determine CFH Requirement Use Table F: Venting Capacity Chart on page 10. Wetted area must be known (518 sq. ft.). Since 518 is between 500 and 600 on the chart, interpolation is needed and is done as follows: 600 sq. ft. 500 sq. ft. 100 sq. ft. = 392,000 354,000 38,000 CFH CFH CFH

STEP 5 Vent Selection Options based on size of piping, type of product, ow requirements, required venting capacity and mounting. For the sake of this example, use 2 piping, Class 1B liquid. The normal vent size should be no smaller than the system piping, so a Morrison 2 Fig. 548 (20,200 CFH) is selected. Total required venting capacity for this tank example was determined to be 360,840 CFH. Normal venting and emergency venting may be combined to reach this total. Morrison Vent Capacities are listed on Table H, page 12. Since the 6 Emergency Vent (246,130 CFH) can not provide enough additional capacity to meet the requirement, an 8 Emergency Vent (462,000 CFH) is selected. In specifying pressure settings, it is recommended that the Emergency Vent NOT be less than the normal vent. Therefore, the vent specication for this example is as follows: Normal Vent - 2 Fig 548 (8 oz pressure - 1 oz vacuum) Emergency Vent - 8 Fig 244 (16 oz pressure) Total Venting Provided STEP 6 Verication Refer to Table I on page 13 showing vent combinations and verify the total CFH gure. Also refer to the product illustrations on pages 23-28 and verify the selection for correct option on material compatibility and mounting requirements. 20,200 462,000 482,200 CFH CFH CFH

Difference = 38,000 100

x (518-500)

x = 6,840 CFH

Total CFH Required: (6,840 + 354,000) = 360,840 CFH

Page 3 Morrison Venting Guide

Vent Selection/Capacity Example 2


Vertical Cylindrical Storage Tank
TANK CAPACITY 10,000 gallons TANK SIZE 10 ft. dia x 17 ft. high

STEP 1 Precalculated Data for Common Sizes Find tank size on Table A which can be found on page 5. Table lists wetted area and CFH for common sized vertical tanks. For a 10 x 17 tank wetted area = 534 sq. ft. and required vent capacity = 366,920 CFH. Proceed to Step 5. STEP 2 Wetted Area Table If tank size is NOT listed on Table A, page 5, wetted area can also be found on Table D, page 8. Follow grid for this example 10 diameter x 17 height = 534 sq. ft. Proceed to Step 4. STEP 3 Calculate Wetted Area If the tank size is NOT on either chart, wetted area can be calculated. For Vertical Tanks, wetted area = area of shell to elevation not more than 30 ft. above the bottom. For a 10 x 17 tank: Wetted Area = (area of shell) = 3.14, d = diameter, L = length, WA = wetted area WA = (d)L (3.14)(10)(17) WA = 534 sq. ft. STEP 4 Determine CFH Requirement Use Table F: Venting Capacity Chart on page 10. Wetted area must be known (534 sq. ft.). Since 534 is between 500 and 600 on the chart, interpolation is needed and is done as follows: 600 sq. ft. 500 sq. ft. 100 sq. ft. = 392,000 354,000 38,000 CFH CFH CFH

STEP 5 Vent Selection Options based on size of piping, type of product, ow requirements, required venting capacity and mounting. For the sake of this example, use 2 piping, Class 1B liquid. The normal vent size should be no smaller than the system piping, so a Morrison 2 Fig. 548 (20,200 CFH) is selected. Total required venting capacity for this tank example was determined to be 366,920 CFH. Normal venting and emergency venting may be combined to reach this total. Morrison Vent Capacities are listed on Table H, page 12. Since the 6 Emergency Vent (246,130 CFH) can not provide enough additional capacity to meet the requirement, an 8 Emergency Vent (462,000 CFH) is selected. In specifying pressure settings, it is recommended that the Emergency Vent NOT be less than the normal vent. Therefore, the vent specication for this example is as follows: Normal Vent - 2 Fig 548 (8 oz pressure - 1 oz vacuum) Emergency Vent - 8 Fig 244 (16 oz pressure) Total Venting Provided STEP 6 Verication Refer to Table I on page 13 showing vent combinations and verify the total CFH gure. Also refer to the product illustrations on pages 23-28 and verify the selection for correct option on material compatibility and mounting requirements. 20,200 462,000 482,200 CFH CFH CFH

Difference = 38,000 100

x (534-500)

x = 12,920 CFH

Total CFH Required: (12,920 + 354,000) = 366,920 CFH

Page 4 Morrison Venting Guide

Vent Selection/Capacity Example 3


Horizontal Rectangular Storage Tank

TANK CAPACITY 10,000 gallons TANK SIZE 274L x 130W x 65H (22-10L x 10-10W x 55H)

STEP 1 Precalculated Data for Common Sizes Find tank size on Table C which can be found on page 7. Table lists wetted area and CFH for common sized tanks. For a 274L x 130W x 65H (2210L x 10-10W x 55H) tank wetted area = 612 sq. ft. and required vent capacity = 396,320 CFH. Proceed to Step 4. STEP 2 Wetted Area Table If tank size is NOT listed on Table C, page 7, wetted area can be calculated. For Horizontal Rectangular Tanks, wetted area = exposed shell area excluding the top surface of the tank. For a 274L x 130W x 65H tank: Wetted area = (L x W) = 2(L x H) = 2 (W x H) 144 L = length, W = width, H = height (274 x 130) + 2(274 x 65) + 2(130 x 65) 144 Wetted Area = 612 Sq. ft. STEP 3 Determine CFH Requirement

STEP 5 Vent Selection Options based on size of piping, type of product, ow requirements, required venting capacity and mounting. For the sake of this example, use 2 piping, Class 1B liquid. The normal vent size should be no smaller than the system piping, so a Morrison 2 Fig. 548 (20,200 CFH) is selected. Total required venting capacity for this tank example was determined to be 396,320 CFH. Normal venting and emergency venting may be combined to reach this total. Morrison Vent Capacities are listed on Table H, page 12. Since the 6 Emergency Vent (246,130 CFH) can not provide enough additional capacity to meet the requirement, an 8 Emergency Vent (462,000 CFH) is selected. In specifying pressure settings, it is recommended that the Emergency Vent NOT be less than the normal vent. Therefore, the vent specication for this example is as follows: Normal Vent - 2 Fig 548 (8 oz pressure - 1 oz vacuum) Emergency Vent - 8 Fig 244 (16 oz pressure) Total Venting Provided 20,200 462,000 482,200 CFH CFH CFH

Use Table F: Venting Capacity Chart on page 10. Wetted area must be known (612 sq. ft.). Since 534 is between 600 and 700 on the chart, interpolation is needed and is done as follows: 700 sq. ft. 600 sq. ft. 100 sq. ft. = 428,000 392,000 36,000 CFH CFH CFH

STEP 6 Verication Refer to Table I on page 13 showing vent combinations and verify the total CFH gure. Also refer to the product illustrations on pages 23-28 and verify the selection for correct option on material compatibility and mounting requirements.

Difference = 36,000 100

x (612-600)

x = 4,320 CFH

Total CFH Required: (4,320 + 392,000) = 396,320 CFH

Page 5 Morrison Venting Guide

Table A: Pre-Calculated Data


Horizontal Cylindrical Tanks
TANK CAPACITY (Gallons) 280 300 500 530 550 1,000 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,000 4,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 12,000 12,000 12,000 12,000 15,000 15,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 DIAMETER (Ft or In) 36 38 48 46 48 48 64 64 64 64 64 6-0 64 6-0 8-0 8-0 8-0 8-0 9-0 10-0 10-6 8-0 9-0 10-0 11-0 8-0 10-6 10-0 10-6 11-0 10-6 10-6 LENGTH (Ft-In) 5-2 5-0 5-5 6-0 6-0 10-8 6-0 9-0 12-0 15-0 18-0 14-0 24-0 19-0 13-4 16-0 21-4 27-0 21-0 17-0 15-7 32-0 25-0 20-6 17-0 40-0 23-5 34-2 31-0 28-0 38-6 46-3 WETTED AREA (Sq Ft) 47 49 69 71 75 119 109 147 184 222 259 240 335 311 326 376 477 584 540 518 515 678 625 600 583 829 703 922 896 868 1,082 1,274 REQD VENT CAPACITY (CFH) 49,520 51,640 72,650 74,750 78,950 124,950 114,450 154,350 193,200 223,320 243,680 233,400 281,100 270,060 276,960 300,480 344,340 385,920 369,200 360,840 359,700 420,080 401,000 392,000 385,540 470,990 429,020 499,820 491,760 483,080 537,530 568,100 EMERGENCY VENT SIZE (Inches) 3 3 4 4 4 6 4 6 6 6 6 6 6H 6H 6H 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8FL 8 8FL 8FL 8FL 10 10

Page 6 Morrison Venting Guide

Table B: Pre-Calculated Data


Vertical Cylindrical Tanks
TANK CAPACITY (Gallons) 280 300 500 530 550 1,000 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,000 4,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 12,000 12,000 12,000 12,000 15,000 15,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 DIAMETER (Ft or In) 36 38 48 46 48 48 64 64 64 64 64 6-0 64 6-0 8-0 8-0 8-0 8-0 9-0 10-0 10-6 8-0 9-0 10-0 11-0 8-0 10-6 10-0 10-6 11-0 10-6 10-6 LENGTH (Ft-In) 5-2 5-0 5-5 6-0 6-0 10-8 6-0 9-0 12-0 15-0 18-0 14-0 24-0 19-0 13-4 16-0 21-4 27-0 21-0 17-0 15-7 32-0 25-0 20-6 17-0 40-0 23-5 34-2 31-0 28-0 38-6 46-3 WETTED AREA (Sq Ft) 48 49 68 72 75 134 100 151 201 251 301 263 402 358 335 402 536 678 593 534 514 754 706 644 587 754 764 942 990 967 990 990 REQD VENT CAPACITY (CFH) 50,580 51,640 71,600 75,800 78,950 140,700 105,000 158,550 213,100 239,520 265,460 245,760 312,840 291,840 281,100 312,840 367,680 420,080 389,340 366,920 359,320 446,360 430,040 407,840 387,060 446,360 449,760 506,020 520,900 513,770 520,900 520,900 EMERGENCY VENT SIZE (Inches) 3 3 4 4 4 6 4 6 6 6 6H 6 8 6H 6H 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 10 10

Page 7 Morrison Venting Guide

Table C: Pre-Calculated Data


Horizontal Rectangular Tanks

TANK CAPACITY (Gallons) 125 186 250 250 500 500 1,000 1,000 2,000 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,000 4,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 6,000 6,000 8,000 8,000 10,000 10,000 12,000 12,000 LENGTH (Ft-In) 6-8 2-8 4-4 6-8 7-6 10-0 9-8 10-0 10-2 10-8 10-2 8-6 13-9 11-4 18-2 22-9 13-8 16-5 27-4 18-2 21-11 22-10 27-5 27-4 32-11 WIDTH (Ft-In) 2-9 2-8 4-0 2-9 3-0 3-6 4-8 4-7 6-11 6-4 6-11 6-10 5-5 6-10 5-5 5-5 10-10 6-10 5-5 10-10 6-10 10-10 6-10 10-10 6-10 HEIGHT (Ft-In) 1-0 3-6 1-11 1-11 3-0 2-0 3-0 3-0 3-10 4-0 4-9 7-2 5-5 7-2 5-5 5-5 5-5 7-2 5-5 5-5 7-2 5-5 7-2 5-5 7-2 WETTED AREA (Sq Ft) 37 44 49 54 86 89 131 133 201 204 233 278 282 338 354 428 413 445 503 511 562 612 678 710 795 REQD VENT CAPACITY (CFH) 38,950 46,340 51,640 56,900 90,560 93,740 137,550 139,650 211,560 213,240 229,480 253,560 255,640 282,480 289,920 323,760 317,460 330,900 355,140 358,180 377,560 396,320 420,080 431,400 460,300 EMERGENCY VENT SIZE (Inches) 3 3 3 3 4 4 6 6 6 6 6 6H 6H 6H 6H 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 FL

Page 8 Morrison Venting Guide

Table D: Approximate Wetted Areas


Horizontal Cylindrical Tanks

Tank 3 Ft Diameter Tank Length 3 Ft 4 Ft 5 Ft 6 Ft 7 Ft 8 Ft 9 Ft 10 Ft 11 Ft 12 Ft 13 Ft 14 Ft 15 Ft 16 Ft 17 Ft 18 Ft 19 Ft 20 Ft 21 Ft 22 Ft 23 Ft 24 Ft 25 Ft 26 Ft 27 Ft 28 Ft 29 Ft 30 Ft 31 Ft 32 Ft 33 Ft 34 Ft 35 Ft 36 Ft 37 Ft

4 Ft

5 Ft

6 Ft

7 Ft

8 Ft

9 Ft

10 Ft 11 Ft 12 Ft

Tank 3 Ft 4 Ft 5 Ft Diameter Tank Length 38 Ft 39 Ft

6 Ft

7 Ft

8 Ft

9 Ft

10 Ft 11 Ft 12 Ft

Approximate Wetted Area of Tanks With Flat Heads, Square Feet 32 39 46 53 60 67 74 81 88 95 55 65 74 84 93 88 100 128 112 142 173 124 156 190 226 353 377 400 424 447 471 495 518 542 565 589 612 636 659 683 706 730 754 777 801 824 848 871 895 428 454 480 506 532 558 584 610 636 662 688 714 740 765 791 817 843 869 895 509 537 565 594 622 650 678 707 735 763 792 820 848 876 905 933 961 989

Approximate Wetted Area of Tanks With Flat Heads, Square Feet 685 791 701 810 718 828 734 847 751 866 902 923 1013 1129 1244 1036 1155 1272

40 Ft 41 Ft 42 Ft 43 Ft 44 Ft 45 Ft 46 Ft 47 Ft 48 Ft 49 Ft 50 Ft 51 Ft 52 Ft 53 Ft 54 Ft 55 Ft 56 Ft 57 Ft 58 Ft 59 Ft 60 Ft 61 Ft 62 Ft 63 Ft 64 Ft 65 Ft 66 Ft 67 Ft 68 Ft 69 Ft 70 Ft 71 Ft 72 Ft

944 1060 1181 1301 966 1083 1207 1329 987 1107 1233 1357

767 885 1008 1130 1259 1385 904 1029 1154 1284 1414 923 1051 1178 1310 1442 941 1072 1201 1336 1470 960 1093 1225 1362 1498 979 1114 1248 1388 1527 998 1135 1272 1414 1555 1157 1295 1440 1583 1178 1319 1466 1612 1199 1342 1492 1640 1220 1366 1518 1668 1246 1389 1544 1696 1263 1413 1570 1725 1437 1593 1753 1460 1622 1781 1484 1648 1809 1507 1674 1839 1531 1700 1866 1726 1894 1752 1923 1778 1951 1803 1979 1829 2007 1855 2036 2064 2092 2120 2149 2177 2205

102 136 170 206 245 286 112 147 184 223 264 308 121 159 198 239 283 329 131 171 213 256 301 350

102 140 183 227 272 320 371 109 150 194 241 289 339 393 116 159 206 255 305 358 414 123 169 218 269 322 377 435 130 178 230 283 338 395 456 137 188 242 298 355 414 477 197 253 312 371 433 499 206 265 326 388 452 520 216 277 340 404 471 541 225 289 354 421 490 562 235 300 368 437 508 584 244 312 383 454 527 605 324 397 470 546 626 336 411 487 565 647 347 425 503 584 668 359 440 520 603 690 371 454 536 621 711 383 468 553 640 732 395 482 569 659 753 496 586 678 775 510 602 697 796 524 619 715 817 539 635 734 838 553 652 753 860 567 668 772 881

921 1018 947 1046 973 1074 999 1103

918 1025 1131 942 1051 1159 966 1077 1187 989 1103 1216

SI Units: 1 Ft = 0.30 m; 1 sq ft = 0.09 sq m Source for Chart: NFPA 30, 2003 Edition, Table B-4

Page 9 Morrison Venting Guide

Table E: Approximate Wetted Areas


Vertical Cylindrical Tanks
(Area of Shell to Elevation Not More Than 30 Ft. Above Bottom)
Tank Diameter Tank 3 Ft 4 Ft 5 Ft 6 Ft 7 Ft 8 Ft 9 Ft 10 Ft 11 Ft 12 Ft 13 Ft 14 Ft 15 Ft 16 Ft 17 Ft 18 Ft 19 Ft 20 Ft 21 Ft 22 Ft 23 Ft 24 Ft 25 Ft 26 Ft 27 Ft 28 Ft 29 Ft 30 Ft

3 Ft

4 Ft

5 Ft

6 Ft

7 Ft

8 Ft

9 Ft

10 Ft

11 Ft

12 Ft

Wetted Area, Square Feet 28 38 47 56 66 75 85 94 103 113 50 63 76 88 101 113 126 139 151 164 176 189 202 79 94 110 127 141 157 173 188 204 220 236 251 267 283 298 314 113 132 151 170 189 208 227 246 265 284 302 321 340 359 378 397 416 435 454 154 176 198 220 242 264 286 308 330 352 374 396 418 440 462 484 506 528 550 572 594 616 201 226 251 276 301 326 351 377 402 427 452 477 502 527 552 577 602 628 653 678 703 728 753 255 283 311 340 368 396 424 453 481 510 538 566 594 623 651 679 708 736 764 792 821 849 314 345 377 408 440 471 502 534 565 597 628 659 691 722 757 785 816 848 879 911 942 381 415 450 484 519 554 588 623 657 692 727 761 796 830 865 900 934 969 1003 1038 452 490 528 566 603 641 679 716 754 792 829 867 905 943 980 1018 1056 1093 1131

SI Units: 1 Ft = 0.30 m; 1 sq ft = 0.09 sq m Source for Chart: UL 142, 9th Edition, Table A-3

Page 10 Morrison Venting Guide

Table F: Emergency Venting Capacity


Wetted Surface (Sq Ft.) 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 120 140 160 180 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2400 2800 and over Venting Capacity (CFH) 21,100 31,600 42,100 52,700 63,200 73,700 84,200 94,800 105,000 126,000 147,000 168,000 190,000 211,000 239,000 265,000 288,000 312,000 354,000 392,000 428,000 462,000 493,000 524,000 557,000 587,000 614,000 639,000 662,000 704,000 742,000 Minimal Opening Nominal Pipe Size (Inches) 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

At 14.7 psia and 60 F (101.4 kPa and 16 C) Interpolate for intermediate values. These values taken from NFPA 30, Table 4.2.5.2.3 These pipe sizes apply only to open vent pipes to the specied diameter not more than 12 inches (0.3m) long and a pressure in tank of not more than 2.5 psig (17.1 kPa). If tank is to be equipped with a venting device or ame arrestor, the vent opening is to accommodate the venting device or ame arrestor in accordance with the listed CFH.

Normal Venting Recommendations


NFPA 30 2003 4.2.5.1.2 Normal vents shall be sized to be at least as large as the lling or withdrawal connection, whichever is larger, but in no case less than 1-1/4 in. (3 cm) nominal inside diameter.

Table G: Gallon Capacity Per Foot of Length

Diameter (Inches) 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64

U.S. Gallons Per Ft Length 23.50 25.50 27.58 29.74 31.99 34.31 36.72 39.21 41.78 44.43 47.16 49.98 52.88 55.86 58.92 62.06 65.28 68.58 71.97 75.44 78.99 82.62 86.33 90.13 94.00 97.96 102.00 106.12 110.32 114.61 118.97 123.42 127.95 132.56 137.25 142.02 146.88 151.82 156.83 161.93 167.12

Diameter (Inches) 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105

U.S. Gallons Per Ft Length 172.38 177.72 183.15 188.66 194.25 199.92 205.67 211.51 217.42 223.42 229.50 235.66 241.90 248.23 254.63 261.12 267.69 274.34 281.07 287.88 294.78 301.76 308.81 315.95 323.18 330.48 337.86 345.33 352.88 360.51 368.22 376.01 383.89 391.84 399.88 408.00 416.00 424.48 433.10 441.80 449.82

Diameter (Inches) 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144

U.S. Gallons Per Ft Length 458.30 467.70 475.89 485.00 493.70 502.70 511.90 521.40 530.24 540.00 549.50 558.51 568.00 577.80 587.52 597.70 607.27 617.26 627.00 638.20 647.74 658.60 668.47 678.95 690.30 700.17 710.90 721.71 732.60 743.58 754.64 765.78 776.99 788.30 799.68 811.14 822.69 834.32 846.03

Page 12 Morrison Venting Guide

Table H: Vent Capacity

SIZE 2" 2" 2" 2" 2" 2" 2" 2" 3" 4" 2" 2" 2" 2" 2" 2" 2" 2" 2" 3" 3" 3' 3" 3" 3" 2" 3" 4" 4" 4" 4" 6" 6" 6" 6" 6" 6" 6" 6" 8" 8" 8" 8" 8" 8" 10" 10" 10"

FIG. NO. 351S 351S/748A 351S/748A 351S/748A 351S/748A 351S/748A 351S/748A 354 354 354 548-748 548-748 548-748 548-748 548-748 548-748 749 749 749 CRB 548 548 548 548 548 548 244OM 244 OM 244M 244M 244 Series 244 Series 244 244 244F 244F 244OH 244OH 244M 244M 244 244 244F 244F 244M 244M 244F 244F 244F

MT. CON. Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Female Slip On Female Slip On Female Slip On Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds

DESCRIPTION Flame Arrester Flame Arrester/Vent Flame Arrester/Vent Flame Arrester/Vent Flame Arrester/Vent Flame Arrester/Vent Flame Arrester/Vent Updraft Vent Updraft Vent Updraft Vent Updraft Vent Pressure Vacuum Vent Pressure Vacuum Vent Pressure Vacuum Vent Pressure Vacuum Vent Pressure Vacuum Vent Pressure Vacuum Vent

PRESSURE oz/sq in. 0 2 4 6 8 12 16 0 0 0 0 2 4 6 8 12 16 8 12 1.70 2 4 6 8 12 16 8 8 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 2.5 8 16 8

CAPACITY CFH 22,000 15,500 15,500 15,500 15,500 13,000 13,000 27,650 27,650 59,000 116,900 20,200 20,200 20,200 20,200 18,600 18,000 8,500 8,500 11,000 43,000 43,000 43,000 43,000 40,000 40,000 21,100 59,900 109,250 109,250 119,750 119,750 246,130 246,130 298,750 298,750 298,750 298,750 246,130 246,130 462,000 462,000 509,550 509,550 453,300 453,300 808,350 808,350 808,350 24,656

DATA SOURCE Tested at Ohio State Univ. by O. E. Buxton Jr. 1967 Based on ISU Test of 2" 351S/548-748 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1990 Based on ISU Test of 2" 351S/548-748 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1990 Based on ISU Test of 2" 351S/548-748 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1990 Tested at Iowa State Univ. by P. Kavanagh, 1990 Based on ISU Test of 2" 351S/548-748 - 16 oz by Kavanagh, 1990 Tested at Iowa State Univ. by P. Kavanagh, 1990 Tested at Iowa State University by P. Kavanagh, 1990 Tested at Univ. Wisconsin Platteville by L. Lee, 1988 Tested at Univ. Wisconsin Platteville by L. Lee, 1996 Tested at Continental Disc Corp, 1997 Based on ISU Test of 2" 548 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1960 Based on ISU Test of 2" 548 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1960 Based on ISU Test of 2" 548 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1960 Tested at Iowa State Univ. by P. Kavanagh, 1960 Approx. Calculated C.F.H. Tested at Iowa State Univ. by P. Kavanagh, 1960 Tested at Univ. Wisconsin Platteville by L. Lee, 1988 Tested at Univ. Wisconsin Platteville by L. Lee, 1988 Tested at Univ. Wisconsin Platteville by L. Lee, 1996 Based on ISU Test of 3" 548 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1990 Based on ISU Test of 3" 548 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1990 Based on ISU Test of 3" 548 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1990 Tested at Iowa State University by P. Kavanagh, 1990 Based on ISU Test of 3" 548 - 16 oz by P. Kavanagh, 1990 Tested at Iowa State University by P. Kavanagh, 1990 Approx. Calculated C.F.H. Tested at Continental Disc Corp, 1997 Based on Continental Disc Corp Test of 4" 16 oz 244, 1997 Based on Continental Disc Corp Test of 4" 16 oz 244, 1997 Based on Continental Disc Corp Test of 4" 16 oz 244, 1997 Based on Continental Disc Corp Test of 4" 16 oz 244, 1997 Based on Continental Disc Corp Test of 6" 16 oz 244, 1997 Tested at Continental Disc Corp, 1997 Based on Continental Disc Corp Test of 6" 16 oz 244H, 1997 Based on Continental Disc Corp Test of 6" 16 oz 244H, 1997 Based on Continental Disc Corp Test of 6" 16 oz 244H, 1997 Based on Continental Disc Corp Test of 6" 16 oz 244H, 1997 Based on Continental Disc Corp Test of 6" 16 oz 244H, 1997 Based on Continental Disc Corp Test of 6" 16 oz 244H, 1997 UL Calc based on Continental Disc Corp. Test of 244 Series, 1997 UL Calc based on Continental Disc Corp. Test of 244 Series, 1997 UL Calc based on Continental Disc Corp. Test of 244 Series, 1997 UL Calc based on Continental Disc Corp. Test of 244 Series, 1997 UL Calc based on Continental Disc Corp. Test of 244 Series, 1997 UL Calc based on Continental Disc Corp. Test of 244 Series, 1997 UL Calc based on Continental Disc Corp. Test of 244 Series, 1997 UL Calc based on Continental Disc Corp. Test of 244 Series, 1997 UL Calc based on Continental Disc Corp. Test of 244 Series, 1997 Tested at Continental Disc Corp, 1997

1-1/2" 354

Female Thds/Slip On Pressure Vacuum Vent Female Thds/Slip On Pressure Vacuum Vent Female Thds/Slip On Pressure Vacuum Vent Female Thds/Slip On Pressure Vacuum Vent Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Male Thds Male Thds Male Thds Male Thds Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Female Thds Flanged Flanged Male/Female Thds Male/Female Thds Male Thds Male Thds Female Thds Female Thds Flanged Flanged Male Thds Male Thds Flanged Flanged Flanged Female Thds Pressure Vacuum Vent Pressure Vacuum Vent Pressure Vacuum Vent Pressure Vacuum Vent Pressure Vacuum Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Female Emergency Vent Female Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Emergency Vent Male Emergency Vent Male Emergency Vent Flanged Emergency Vent Flanged Emergency Vent Flanged Emergency Vent Pressure Vacuum Vent Alarm

2" & 3 " 922

Page 13 Morrison Venting Guide

Table I: Vent Combination Examples


MORRISON VENTS 1. 2 4 CFH 8. MORRISON VENTS 3 4 CFH

Fig. 548 - 4 oz P ................20,200 Fig. 244 - 8 oz P ................119,750 TOTAL CFH ..........................139,950

Fig. 548 - 4 oz P ................43,000 Fig. 244 - 8 oz P ................119,750 TOTAL CFH ..........................162,750

2.

2 6

Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ................20,200 Fig. 244 - 16 oz P..............246,130 TOTAL CFH ..........................266,330

9.

3 6

Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ................43,000 Fig. 244 - 16 oz P..............246,130 TOTAL CFH ..........................289,130

3.

2 8

Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ................20,200 Fig. 244 - 16 oz P..............462,000 TOTAL CFH ..........................482,200

10. 3 8

Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ................43,000 Fig. 244 - 16 oz P..............462,000 TOTAL CFH ..........................505,000

4.

2 Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ................20,200 10 Fig. 244 - 16 oz P..............808,350 TOTAL CFH ..........................828,550

11. 3 Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ................43,000 10 Fig. 244F - 16 oz P............808,350 TOTAL CFH ..........................851,350

5.

2 Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ................20,200 10 Fig. 244F - 8 oz P ..............808,350 TOTAL CFH ..........................828,550

12. 3 Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ................43,000 10 Fig. 244F - 8 oz P ..............808,350 TOTAL CFH ..........................851,350

6.

2 Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ................20,200 10 Fig. 244F - 2.5 oz P...........808,350 TOTAL CFH ..........................828,550

13. 3 Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ................43,000 10 Fig. 244F - 2.5 oz P...........808,350 TOTAL CFH ..........................851,350

7.

2 2

Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ................20,200 Fig. 922 - 8 oz P ................24,656 TOTAL CFH ..........................44,856

14. 3 2

Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ................43,000 Fig. 922 - 8 oz P ................24,656 TOTAL CFH ..........................67,650

Page 14 Morrison Venting Guide

244 Series
Emergency Vent
Emergency vent (pressure relief only) used on aboveground storage tanks, as a code requirement that helps prevent the tanks from becoming over-pressurized and rupturing if exposed to re. UL listed except for 2".

Fig.244

Fig.244M

Fig.244F

Description
The 244 emergency vent consists of a body and a black powder coated cover (2" not powder coated) that moves up and down on a center pin. Pressure inside the tank forces the cover to lift up off the vent seat, allowing air to exhaust. The center pin guides the movement. When pressure falls the cover lowers back down onto seat and the vent is automatically reset.

WARNING...The 244 emergency vent is for emergency pressure relief only and must be used in conjunction with a normal vent or pressure vacuum vent such as a Morrison Fig. 354, 548, 748 or 749. WARNING...The 244 emergency vent must be properly sized and selected for each specic tank application in order to meet the proper venting capacity requirements. See the Morrison Vent Guide for further instructions.

Code Compliance
When properly sized for the tank, this vent will conform to the requirements of NFPA 30, 30A, UL 142, UL 2244, API 2000, and PEI RP200.
Fig. No. 244 & 244O Opening Pressure Size Setting (oz/sq in) 4" 6" 8" 244F& 244OF 8.0 16.0 8.0 16.0 8.0 16.0 8.0 16.0 8.0 16.0 2.5 8.0 16.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 16.0 8.0 16.0 8.0 16.0 8.0 16.0 8.0 16.0 Ship Venting Mounting Weight Capacity Connection (lbs) (*Estimated CFH @ 2.5 PSI) 10.65 21.00 15.50 33.15 34.70 68.00 24.8 44.2 42.00 75.00 32.00 71.00 125.00 1.0 5.75 11.55 21.25 19.45 35.00 34.00 68.00 21.50 41.40 23.00 42.9 119,750 Female NPT/BSP 119,750 Female NPT 246,130 Female NPT/BSP 246,130 Female NPT 462,000 Female NPT 462,000 Female NPT 298,750 298,750 509,550 509,550 808,350 808,350 808,350 21,100* 59,900 119,750 119,750 246,130 246,130 453,300 453,300 298,750 298,750 298,750 298,750 Flanged Flanged Flanged Flanged Flanged Flanged Flanged Male NPT/BSP Male NPT/BSP Male NPT Male NPT/BSP Male NPT Male NPT/BSP Male NPT Male NPT Female NPT Female NPT Male NPT Male NPT

Material and Conguration Options


Aluminum Body or Iron Bodysufx (I) indicates iron. Metal-to-Metal Seat (brass) or Soft Seat (Viton)sufx (O) indicates o-ring. Male/Female NPT/BSP or Flanged Mounting Connectionsufx (M) indicates male, and sufx (F) indicates anged. Opening Pressure Settingsettings indicated are approximate. T=Tall Body...8" only order for use on tite wrapped tanks. Emergency vent should be set higher than the normal vent so the normal vent operates rst. Use 16 oz. o-ring to comply with pressure decay test. Contact factory for assistance. Opening Pressure Size Setting (oz/sq in) 4" 6" 8" 244OMI 8.0 16.0 8.0 16.0 8.0 16.0 8.0 8.0 16.0 8.0 16.0 8.0 16.0 8.0 16.00 Ship Venting Mounting Weight Capacity Connection (lbs) (*Estimated CFH @ 2.5 PSI) 13.65 119,750 Female NPT 24.00 119,750 Female NPT 20.63 246,130 Female NPT 38.28 246,130 Female NPT 44.33 462,000 Female NPT 77.63 462,000 Female NPT 8.00 16.36 26.06 27.76 43.31 34.63 75.36 40.5 71.5 59,900 119,750 119,750 246,130 246,130 453,300 453,300 453,300 453,300 Male NPT Male NPT Male NPT Male NPT Male NPT Male NPT Male NPT Male NPT Male NPT

6" 8" 10"

Fig. No. 244OI

244M & 244OM

(2" and 3" OM only)

2" 3" 4" 6" 8"

(3" OMI only)

3" 4" 6" 8"

244OH 244OMH

6" 6"

244OMT

8"

WARNINGDo not ll or unload fuel from a storage tank unless it is certain that the tank vents will operate properly. Morrison tank vents
are designed only for use on shop fabricated atmospheric tanks which have been built and tested in accordance with UL 142, NFPA 30 & 30A, and API 650 and in accordance with all applicable local, state and federal laws. In normal operation, dust and debris can accumulate in vent openings and block air passages. Certain atmospheric conditions such as a sudden drop in temperature, below freezing temperatures, and freezing rain can cause moisture to enter the vent and freeze which can restrict internal movement of vent mechanisms and block air passages. All storage tank vent air passages must be completely free of restriction and all vent mechanisms must have free movement in order to insure proper operation. Any restriction of airow can cause excessive pressure or vacuum to build up in the storage tank, which can result in structural damage to the tank, fuel spillage, property damage, re, injury, and death. Monthly inspection, and immediate inspection during freezing conditions, by someone familiar with the proper operation of storage tank vents, is required to insure venting devices are functioning properly before lling or unloading a tank. Normal vents such as pressure vacuum and updraft vents for aboveground storage tanks should be sized according to NFPA 30 (2008) 21.4.3

Page 15 Morrison Venting Guide

244A
Flanged Adaptor
The 244A can be used with either Fig. 244F or Fig. 143A.

244C
Companion Flange
The 244C can be used with either Fig. 244F or Fig. 143A.

Construction Details
Carbon steel welded rim and skirt.

Construction Details
Cast iron with NPT center port I.D.

Fig. 244C Weight


27.0 lbs 36.0 lbs

Size
6" (eight 7/8" holes on 9" B.C.) 8" (eight 7/8" holes on 11" B.C.) 10" (twelve 1" holes on 14" B.C.)

Weight
12.0 lbs 19.0 lbs 20.0 lbs

Size
8" (eight 7/8" holes on 11" B.C. w/8" NPT I.D.) 10" (twelve 1" holes on 14" B.C. w/10" NPT I.D.)

244N
Pipe Nipple
Available (T.O.E.) Threaded One End or (T.B.E.) Threaded Both Ends. Fig. 244N Size Weight
7.00 lbs 13.0 lbs 20.0 lbs 28.0 lbs

Construction Details
Carbon steel NPT

4" x 8" 6" x 8" 8" x 8" 8" x 12"

Page 16 Morrison Venting Guide

Pressure/Vaccum Emergency Vents 548 Series 748A Series


Pressure/Vacuum Vent
With Gauge Hatchfor normal venting of aboveground storage tanks. Allows tank to breathe during lling and discharging operations. Pressure/vacuum poppets seal vapors in the tank when pressure is equalized. This vent must be used in conjunction with an emergency vent and it is RECOMMENDED that the opening pressure setting is set below that of the emergency vent so the normal vent operates rst. Settings are approximate.

Pressure/Vacuum Vent
For normal venting of aboveground storage tanks. Allows tank to breathe during lling and discharging operations. Pressure/ vacuum poppets seal vapors in the tank when pressure is equalized. This vent must be used in conjunction with an emergency vent and it is RECOMMENDED that the opening pressure setting is set below that of the emergency vent so the normal vent operates rst. Settings are approximate. Fig. 748

Fig. 548

Construction Details
Brass (raised) metal-to-metal seats/poppets; Aluminum body and hood.

Construction Details
Fig. 548brass body and hood Brass (raised) metal-to-metal seats/poppets. Fig. 548Aaluminum body and hood. Brass (raised) metal-tometal seats/poppets. 2" available with British Pipe Threads.

Standard Features
1. Horizontal discharge with eld-adjustable, tripolar orientation. 2. Optional pressure discharge NPT hood. Pressure Vacuum Size Setting Setting (oz/sq in) (oz/sq in) 2" 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 12.0 16.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 Fig. 748A Ship Weight (lbs) 6.75 7.5 8.25 9.25 10.50 11.00 Venting Capacity (CFH) (@2.5 PSI) 20,200 20,200 20,200 20,200 18,600 18,600

Standard Features
1. Threaded gauge hatch for manual gauging access. 2. Horizontal discharge with eld-adjustable, tripolar orientation. Fig. 548 Fig. 548A Pressure Vacuum Ship Ship Size Setting Setting Weight Weight (oz/sq in) (oz/sq in) (lbs) (lbs) 2" 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 12.0 16.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 12.0 16.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 13.25 13.75 14.25 14.75 15.75 17.00 26.25 27.25 28.25 28.75 29.25 33.25 7.00 8.75 8.50 9.50 10.50 11.25 12.25 13.75 15.00 15.75 15.75 20.50

Venting Capacity (CFH) (@2.5 PSI) 20,200 20,200 20,200 20,200 18,600 18,600 43,000 43,000 43,000 43,000 40,000 40,000

3"

748ALT
Pressure-Vacuum Vent
For Ag-Chemicalvent valve used with aqua-ammonia and ag-chemical products allowing tank to breathe during lling/discharging operations. Poppets seal vapors in the tank when pressure is equalized. Settings are approximate.

WARNINGDo not ll or unload fuel from a storage tank unless it is certain that the tank vents will operate properly. Morrison tank vents are designed only for use on shop fabricated atmospheric tanks which have been built and tested in accordance with UL 142, NFPA 30 & 30A, and API 650 and in accordance with all applicable local, state and federal laws. In normal operation, dust and debris can accumulate in vent openings and block air passages. Certain atmospheric conditions such as a sudden drop in temperature, below freezing temperatures, and freezing rain can cause moisture to enter the vent and freeze which can restrict internal movement of vent mechanisms and block air passages. All storage tank vent air passages must be completely free of restriction and all vent mechanisms must have free movement in order to insure proper operation. Any restriction of airow can cause excessive pressure or vacuum to build up in the storage tank, which can result in structural damage to the tank, fuel spillage, property damage, re, injury, and death. Monthly inspection, and immediate inspection during freezing conditions, by someone familiar with the proper operation of storage tank vents, is required to insure venting devices are functioning properly before lling or unloading a tank.
Normal vents such as pressure vacuum and updraft vents for aboveground storage tanks should be sized according to NFPA 30 (2008) 21.4.3

Construction Details
Size2" NPT Body and Capaluminum PoppetsTeon coated aluminum Screensstainless steel Option (must specify)male NPT connection for dryer application Optionpressure discharge NPT hood

Pressure Vacuum Ship Venting Setting Setting Weight Capacity (oz/sq in) (oz/sq in) (lbs) (CFH) (@ 2.5 PSI) 8.0 1.0 5.5 20,200 16.0 1.0 5.5 18,000 32.0 1.0 5.5 NA

Fig. 748ALT

Page 17 Morrison Venting Guide

749 Series
Pressure/Vacuum Vent
Vent valve used on underground and low volume aboveground tanks for motor fueling. Vent allows tank to breathe during lling and discharging operations. Poppets seal vapors in the tanks when pressure is equalized. Settings are approximate. Fig. 7492" NPT Fig. 749S2" slip-on style Fig. 749CRB2" NPT CARB approval (95-15A) for stage I and II (8 oz for stage I only).Viton o-rings on pressure poppet. Fig. 749CRBS2" slip-on style CARB approval (95-15A) for stage I and II (8 oz for stage I only). Viton o-rings on pressure poppet. Fig. 749BSPsame as Fig. 749, but with British pipe threads. WARNINGFig. 749 P/V vent must only be used in conjunction with motor fueling and/or low capacity ow. Fluid handling in lines larger than that used for retail service stations can cause tank to rupture or implode.

Construction Details
Bodyaluminum Pressure Poppetaluminum Vacuum Poppetbrass Pipe SealBuna-N Screenbrass

Fig. 749
Fig. No. Pressure Vacuum Setting Setting (oz/in2) (oz/in2) 8.0 12.0 3"W.C. 8 oz 8.0 12.0 0.5 0.5 8" W.C. 5 oz 0.5 0.5 Ship Weight (lbs) 1.0 1.0 1.45 1.45 1.0 1.0 Venting Capacity (CFH) (@ 2.5 PSI) 8,500 8,500 11,000 8,500 8,500

749 749S 749CRB 749CRBS 749BSP

922
Combination Vent/Overll Alarm
The Fig. 922 Combination Vent/Overll Alarm is a fully mechanical, high intensity audible alarm that alerts you when your tank is near full while also allowing your tank to breathe during lling and dispensing operations. The unit is equipped with a whistle which incorporates a 2 or 3 full port pressure/ vacuum vent. The unit can be set to activate at 90% ll height by adjusting the cable length to the oat device. The adjustment tool is provided. The unit attaches to a 2 or 3 N.P.T. pipe mounted on the tank. Minimum ll rate for alarm to operate is 20 GPM. 2 Pressure relief setting ...... 6 oz/in2 or 8 oz/in2 2 Vacuum relief setting ...... 1 oz/in2 2 Venting capacity (CFH) ... 30,120 or 30,300 2 Weight................................ 7.5 lbs 3 Pressure relief setting ...... 6 oz/in2 or 8 oz/in2 3 Vacuum relief setting ...... 1 oz/in2 3 Venting capacity (CFH) ... 43,020 or 44,160 3 Weight................................ 5.25 lbs
systems.

WARNINGIn order for Fig. 922


the Fig. 922 to function properly all emergency vents, ll connections, tank openings and piping connections must be airtight. Emergency vent should be set at least 2 oz. higher than the Fig. 922.

Construction Details
Bodyanodized aluminum Screensstainless steel Rainguardanodized aluminum SealsViton BallTeon Floatstainless steel

NOTE922 not for use on vapor recovery

WARNINGDo not ll or unload fuel from a storage tank unless it is certain that the tank vents will operate properly. Morrison tank vents are designed only for use on shop fabricated atmospheric tanks which have been built and tested in accordance with UL 142, NFPA 30 & 30A, and API 650 and in accordance with all applicable local, state and federal laws. In normal operation, dust and debris can accumulate in vent openings and block air passages. Certain atmospheric conditions such as a sudden drop in temperature, below freezing temperatures, and freezing rain can cause moisture to enter the vent and freeze which can restrict internal movement of vent mechanisms and block air passages. All storage tank vent air passages must be completely free of restriction and all vent mechanisms must have free movement in order to insure proper operation. Any restriction of airow can cause excessive pressure or vacuum to build up in the storage tank, which can result in structural damage to the tank, fuel spillage, property damage, re, injury, and death. Monthly inspection, and immediate inspection during freezing conditions, by someone familiar with the proper operation of storage tank vents, is required to insure venting devices are functioning properly before lling or unloading a tank. Normal vents such as pressure vacuum and updraft vents for aboveground storage tanks should be sized according to NFPA 30 (2008) 21.4.3

Page 18 Morrison Venting Guide

351S
Flame Arrester
Open (non-pressure vacuum type) ame arrester to help prevent the transmission of heat and/or an ignition source into the tank. Fig. 351S

351S & 748A


Flame Arrester
With 748A Ventpressure vacuum type ame arrester to help prevent the transmission of heat and/or an ignition source into the tank. Fig. 748Asame vent featured in pressure/vacuum vent section. Fig. 351S w/748A

Size
2" NPT

Weight
31.0 lbs

Construction Details
Bodycast iron Covercast iron Capbrass Arrester Platesstainless steel

Standard Features
1. 2. Gauge opening cap. Vapor relief capacity at 2.5 PSI = 22,000 CFH

Construction Details
Fig.351SFlame arrester Fig. 748APressure/vacuum vent Fig. 748 Pressure Vacuum Ship Size Setting Setting Weight (oz/sq in) (oz/sq in) (lbs) 2" 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 12.0 16.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 42.00 42.50 42.75 43.50 44.50 45.75

Restrictions and Warning


1. Do not use with acetylene, carbon disulde, etheleneoxide or hydrogen gases. For use with normal hydrocarbon ames such as gasoline in air. Routine inspection is required to ensure airways are clear and free of debris. Blocked airways can cause structural deformation of the tank.

Venting Capacity (CFH) (@2.5 PSI) 15,500 15,500 15,500 15,500 13,000 13,000

2.

354
Updraft Vent
Open vent used on underground and aboveground tanks for motor fueling. Vent allows tank to breathe during lling/dispensing operations.

155S
Double Outlet Vent
Aluminum T-style vent used primarily on small fuel oil storage tanks. Fig. 155S Outlet ports on either side of the inlet with 20 mesh stainless steel screen keeps debris out of the airway.
Venting Capacity (CFH) 27,650 27,650 59,000 116,900

Construction Details
Bodyaluminum Capaluminum Screen40 mesh brass Size (slip-on) 1"* 2"* 3" 4"

Fig. 354
Ship Weight (lbs) 0.75 0.75 1.50 2.25

Fig. 155threaded (NPT) Fig. 155BSP2" with British Pipe Threads Fig. 155FA2" with ash arrestor Fig. 155Sslip-on Size Weight
" 1" 1" 1" 2" 3" .25 lbs .50 lbs .50 lbs .75 lbs 1.0 lbs 2.5 lbs

NOTEOpen vents will


allow unrestricted evaporation of product.

NOTEOpen vents will


allow unrestricted evaporation of product.

WARNINGDo not ll or unload fuel from a storage tank unless it is certain that the tank vents will operate properly. Morrison tank vents
are designed only for use on shop fabricated atmospheric tanks which have been built and tested in accordance with UL 142, NFPA 30 & 30A, and API 650 and in accordance with all applicable local, state and federal laws. In normal operation, dust and debris can accumulate in vent openings and block air passages. Certain atmospheric conditions such as a sudden drop in temperature, below freezing temperatures, and freezing rain can cause moisture to enter the vent and freeze which can restrict internal movement of vent mechanisms and block air passages. All storage tank vent air passages must be completely free of restriction and all vent mechanisms must have free movement in order to insure proper operation. Any restriction of airow can cause excessive pressure or vacuum to build up in the storage tank, which can result in structural damage to the tank, fuel spillage, property damage, re, injury, and death. Monthly inspection, and immediate inspection during freezing conditions, by someone familiar with the proper operation of storage tank vents, is required to insure venting devices are functioning properly before lling or unloading a tank. Normal vents such as pressure vacuum and updraft vents for aboveground storage tanks should be sized according to NFPA 30 (2008) 21.4.3

Page 19 Morrison Venting Guide

818 Series
Clock Gauge
Patent 5144836for measuring liquid level in aboveground storage tanks. Gauge mounts on top of tank and is activated by a oat connected to a cable. Readout is on a 12 hour clock face. Small hand = feet or meters Large hand = inches or centimeters Gauge can be read 20-30 ft away to within 1/8 ". Maximum measurement is 12 ft. Fig. 818Fwith female threads. Fig. 818METwith metric face. Fig. 818MEFwith metric face and female threads. Fig. 818MEBwith metric face and British pipe threads. Fig. 818Ioating suction gauge. Indicates change in liquid level. Fig. 818MET Fig. 818

918 Series
Clock Gauge Alarm
Utilizes the Fig. 818 style clock gauge with a built-in high level warning alarm. Contains a battery powered, intrinsically safe, alarm unit that is mounted remote from gauge. Alarm is set for desired level during installation and can be reset at any time for a change in alarm level requirements. Patent Number 5144836 and 5649450. Fig. 918Fwith female threads. Fig. 918SSwith stainless steel parts for some chemicals. Fig. 918MEBwith metric face and British pipe threads. Fig. 918METwith metric face. Fig. 918MEFwith metric face and female threads. Fig. 918MET Fig. 918

Construction Details
Bodyaluminum with 2" NPT/BSP Male/Female connection Floatstainless steel Cablestainless steel

Construction Details
Gauge UnitFig. 818 clock gauge style (same standard and optional features). Fig. 918 gauge has alarm dial and internal switch. Alarm dial is accessible on the clock face. Electrical junction box and lead wires for remote mounting are also included. Alarm Unit Plastic weatherproof housing. 90 decibel high pitched beep cycle alarm. Features a push-button test switch. Powered by two 9 volt batteries (included). Only alarm box is UL Listed.

Standard Features
1. 2. 3. 4. Vapor tight construction. Swivel 360 for desired orientation. High level/low level decals for application on lens cover. Float ts through a 2" schedule 40 and 80 pipe nipple, and works with a Fig. 419, 2" Morrison drop tube.

Options (must specify)


1. 2. Metric face plate (range = 3 m, 60 cm). Extension leader for extended mounting above the tank.

918TCP
Overll Alarm
Provides an audible alarm for either a high or low level warning. Incorporates an alarm box and a single-point level sensor. Contains a battery powered, intrinsically safe, alarm unit that is mounted remote from gauge. The single point level sensor is immersed in the tank through a 2" NPT Female opening and is supported by a nylon liquid tight cable connector, Teon tubing and wire. The high or low activation point is set at the factory. The order length should be equal to the distance from the top of the 2" tank opening to the desired activation level. The low level activation point can be set up to 113". The interstitial monitor level can be set up to 113" as well. Available with either 0-53" probe or 53"-113" probe. Fig. 918TCP

Construction Details
SensorThe single point level sensor is immersed in the tank through a 2 NPT female opening and is supported by a nylon liquid tight cable connector, Teon tubing and wire. Alarm Box Weatherproof, intrinsically safe, 90 decibel alarm that operates on two 9-volt batteries. It features a membrane-type test/cancel button. Only alarm box is UL Listed. Float and Weight Stainless steel.

Page 20 Morrison Venting Guide

FMMASO-91 Series
Overll Prevention Valve for Used Oil Systems
Patent 5007450valve with optional alarm for use on used oil evacuation systems which use an air operated pump.

Specications
Valve Body and Collaranodized aluminum Floatpolypropylene Float Rod and Valve Spoolbrass O-ring sealsViton Hardware stainless and plated steel Installation Collar2" NPT Air inlet and outlet" NPT Overall length (including oat and audible signal)20" Shipping weight2.0 lbs Shipping weight (Fig. FMMASO-91EX)4.5 lbs

Operation
1. Valve installs in 2" bung opening at the top of the tank. Air supply is routed through the valve before going to the pump. 2. The valve will close off air supply to the pump when liquid level reaches 90% of tank capacity. Air is diverted to the audible signal on models FMMASO-91S and FMMASO91EXS. 3. The valve will reset as liquid is removed from the tank and air pressure to the valve is turned off.

Fig. FMMASO-91S

Models
Fig. (FMMASO-91)standard valve without audible signal. Fig. (FMMASO-91S)standard valve with audible signal. BSP Part Number FMMASOB-91S. Fig. (FMMASO-91EX)same as Fig. FMMASO-91, but with extended body for use on double wall or vaulted tanks. Fig. (FMMASO-91EXS)same as Fig. FMMASO-91EX, but with audible signal. Fig. (FMMATO-91)high level turn-on for sump applications (no signal).

618
Simplex Tank Gauge
Used for measuring liquid level in aboveground storage tanks. Best suited for vertical tanks over 12 ft high. Gauge readout by tape which passes over an indicator mounted at 3 ft height on the side of the tank. Activated mechanically by a oat that rests on the liquid level. Float is connected to a cable that runs up through the top of the tank, across two pulleys, and down the side of the tank to the indicator position.

Construction Details
Tape sizes available: tape for up to 31' tank and tape for 31' to 50' tank

Standard Features
1. 2. 3. 4. Round copper oat Tape Stainless steel cable Vapor seal

Options (must specify)


1. 2. 3. 4. Round stainless steel oat with swivel (101/8 " diameter). Brass cylindrical oat (1" diameter, 32" long) with center swivel. Stainless steel cylindrical oat (1" diameter, 32" long) with center swivel. Metric not available.

NOTEInstallation
instructions are included, piping is not included.

NOTECylindrical oats will pass through a 2" opening.

Page 21 Morrison Venting Guide

9095A
Construction Details

AST Overll Prevention Valve


Patent 5832953installed at the ll port of an aboveground storage tank. Used in a tight ll application, the valve terminates ow of product when the liquid level reaches a preset warning level (90-95% full). The valve is installed on a standard NPT male connection when used with the quick disconnect or female adaptor. The 2" valve can be used in conjunction with the Morrison Fig. 518 and 515 lines of AST spill containers for added spill protection. When installed to manufacturers requirements, the OPV valve can help eliminate environmentally hazardous spills. All models are supplied with an adaptor to mount to Morrison Fig. 419 aluminum drop tubes. A test mechanism is also sold separately. The test mechanism allows a technician to pull on the test line at any time during the lling process to actuate the oat and stop the ll. This allows a technician to verify the valve is working properly.ULC listed. Fig 9095A-AVcompatible with aviation fuel Size
2" valve w/2" male quick disconnect x 4" female threads* 2" valve w/2" female threads x 4" female threads 2" valve w/2" male quick disconnect remote ll adaptor 2" valve w/3" male quick disconnect x 4" female threads 2" valve w/3" female threads x 4" female threads 3" valve w/3" male quick disconnect x 6" female threads* 3" valve w/3" female threads x 6" female threads 3" valve w/3" male quick disconnect remote ll adaptor *BSP Threads Available

Adaptoraluminum (hard-coat anodized) Female adaptorductile iron Bodyanodized aluminum Plunger and dashpotbrass or nickel plated Shaft, linkages and hardwarestainless steel Pipingsteel (epoxy coated)

Features
1. Adjustable oat (1")for setting the precise level of shutoff in the eld and allowing it to be done using standard length pipe nipples. 2. Immediate and cushioned shutofffull ow up to within 1-2 seconds of closing and no abrupt kickback or jolt, or startling noise in the line when valve closes. 3. One piece adaptor/coupler castingno extra seams and joints to leak when top portion is under pressure from closing. 4. Dry disconnectafter shut off product is allowed to automatically drain from the highest point so ll nozzle can be removed without spilling. 5. Simple mechanicsminimum moving parts. Shutoff is activated by basic hydraulic principle with no springs, levers or complicated sequence leading to closure.

Fig. 9095A

Code Compliance
Weight
14.1 lbs 14.1 lbs 12.6 lbs 14.1 lbs 14.1 lbs 29.0 lbs 38.0 lbs 26.0 lbs NFPA 30, 30A, UFC, BOCA, SBCCI/SFC and PEI RP200.

NOTEFor use on clean product only. Not suitable for motor oil.
Size 2" 3" Maximum Pressure 100PSI 100PSI Maximum Flow 125gpm 300gpm Maximum Viscosity 150 Centistokes 60 Centistokes

9095S
AST Overll Prevention Valve
Designed for use on low prole tanks that require a high level shut-off. The valve terminates the ll when the product reaches the preset level. The valve can be retrotted on existing tanks and ts into a 2 opening. A tight ll connection is required for operation. Sold with either a 2" Part F Male Threaded Adaptor or a 2" Part A Female Threaded Adaptor. Typical ow rate is 53 GPM at 30 PSI.

Construction Details
Adaptoraluminum (hard-coat anodized) Bodyanodized aluminum Float...polypropylene Plunger and dashpotbrass Upper tube and oat guard...brass Shut off mechanism...anodized aluminum

Features
1. Adjustable oatfor setting the precise level of shutoff in the eld. The vertical oat allows for installation in openings in proximity to the tank walls. 2. Immediate and cushioned shutofffull ow up to within 1-2 seconds of closing and no abrupt kickback or jolt, or startling noise in the line when valve closes. 3. Dry disconnectafter shut off product is allowed to automatically drain from the highest point so ll nozzle can be removed without spilling. 4. Simple mechanicsminimum moving parts. Shutoff is activated by basic hydraulic principle with no springs, levers or complicated sequence leading to closure.

Size 2"

Maximum Pressure 100PSI

Maximum Viscosity 150 Centistokes

NOTEFor use on clean product only. Not suitable for motor oil. Fig. 9095S NOTECannot be installed in a drop tube.

Page 22 Morrison Venting Guide

517 Series
3 Gallon AST Spill Container
Installed on aboveground storage tanks for the purpose of containing small spills and Fig. 517 drips from the ll nozzle. 3 gallon capacity. Steel construction. Lockable and white powder coated. ULC listed. Fig. 517spill containment. Male (NPT) x Male (NPT) connection. Fig. 517Fspill containment. Female (NPT) x Female (NPT) connection. Fig. 517WOwaste oil containment Removable screen on inside of container so used lters, etc. can be allowed to drain. Male NPT riser connection. Size
2" (517, 517F, and 517WO) 4" (517, 517F, and 517WO)

518 Series
7 Gallon AST Spill Container
Installed on aboveground storage tanks for the purpose of containing small spills and drips from the ll nozzle. 7 gallon capacity. Lockable with drain valve and vented lid. Connects to 4" male (NPT) riser, and is white powder coated. Female NPT x Female NPT. Fig. 518CCsame as 518 only with center tank mount opening. Fig. 518M2" or 4" Male.

Fig. 518

Size
2" 4"

Weight
20.0 lbs 26.0 lbs

Weight
10.5 lbs 11.0 lbs

Construction Details
Body and lid (14 ga.)steel Drain Valvebrass Drain O-ringViton

515 Series
AST Remote Spill Container
For use on aboveground storage tanks for the purpose of containing fuel spillage during remote tank lling operations. 15 gallon capacity. 12 gauge steel construction. Lockable lid, and powder coated white for durability. 1" NPT drain with locking ball valve included. Choice of one or two ll ports, 2", 3", 4" or combination. 2" bung for pump. Single column base is easily adjustable. Fig. 515OEMsame as 515 but without the pedestal and no rear ports, with top ll openings and with 4, " weld taps on the back. The 515OEM is not ULC Listed.

Fig. 515

Front

Back (Single)

Back (Double)

Side

28" - 42"

Page 23 Morrison Venting Guide

Aboveground Fuel Storage - Pressure System


Horizontal cylindrical tank with top fill and remote dispenser

Fig. 548 Pressure Vacuum Vent Fig. 9095A Overfill Prevention Valve

Fig. 244 Emergency Vent


Submersible Pump

(Alarm Fig. 918)

Fig. 818 Clock Gauge Fig. 710 Solenoid Valve

Fig 517 or 518 Spill Container Fig. 305C Fill Cap Fig. 323 & 323C Vapor Recovery Adaptor w/ Cap Fig. 235 or 535 Gate Valve Fig. 285 Fig. 346 Series Line Strainer External Emergency Valve

Page 24 Morrison Venting Guide


Fig. 419 Drop Tube

12 Ft. Minimum

Electrical Line

Fig. 128DI Frost-Proof Drain Valve

Fig. 636 Emergency Shut-off Valve

Morrison Bros. Co. P.O. Box 238 Dubuque, IA 52004 Ph: 563-583-5701 Fax: 563-583-5028

Aboveground Fuel Storage - Pressure System


Rectangular double-wall tank with remote fill and side mounted dispenser
Fig. 548 Pressure Vacuum Vent Fig. 235 or 535 Gate Valve Fig. 285 Line Strainer

Fig. 9095A Overfill 12 Ft. Minimum to Grade Level Prevention Valve Fig. 918 Clock Fig. 244 Gauge Emergency w/Alarm Vent Fig. 244 Emergency Vent (Interstitial)
Submersible Pump

Fig. 346 Series External Emergency Valve Fig. 710 Solenoid Valve

Fig. 515 Remote Spill Container

Electrical Line

Fig. 246 Check Valve Fig. 419 Drop Tube

Page 25 Morrison Venting Guide


Fig. 918 Overfill Alarm

Fig. 800A & 800DC Adaptor w/ Dust Cap

Dispenser

Fig. 691B Locking Ball Valve

Fig. 636 Emergency Shut-off Valve

Fig. 323 & 323C Vapor Recovery Adaptor w/ Cap

Morrison Bros. Co. P.O. Box 238 Dubuque, IA 52004 Ph: 563-583-5701 Fax: 563-583-5028

Aboveground Fuel Storage - Suction System


Horizontal cylindrical tank with top fill and top mounted pump
Fig. 922 Combination Pressure Vacuum Vent / Overfill Alarm Fig 517 or 518 Spill Container Fig. 305C Fill Cap Fig. 9095A Overfill Prevention Valve

Fig. 244 Emergency Vent


Suction Pump

Fig. 818 Clock Gauge

Page 26 Morrison Venting Guide


Fig. 419 Drop Tube Fig. 157 Suction Pipe Strainer

12 Ft. Minimum

Fig. 128DI Frost-Proof Drain Valve

Morrison Bros. Co. P.O. Box 238 Dubuque, IA 52004 Ph: 563-583-5701 Fax: 563-583-5028

Aboveground Fuel Storage - Suction System


Rectangular Double-Wall Tank With Remote Fill and Remote Pump

Page 27 Morrison Venting Guide

AST Bulk Storage


Emergency Vent (Threaded or Flanged)

Normal (P/V) Vent - and with Flame Arrestor

Fig. 548 Fig. 244 Fig. 244F

Fig. 351S / 748A

Allows tank to breathe during normal filling and withdrawing operations. Match vent size to fill and withdrawal piping.

Allows tank to exhaust excessive pressure if exposed to pool fire. Size to be determined by tank size and type.

Simplex Tank Gauge


Pipe Nipple 12" height minimum

Fig. 618
Manhole

Internal Emergency Valve


Automatic shut-off of product flow in event of fire and/or impact. Poppet is located inside tank. Fig. 272
Pipe Nipple or Flange Adaptor

31 ft 40 ft 50 ft Indicates liquid level (inventory) in the tank. In feet and inches.

Gate Valve with Expansion Relief


Expansion Relief feature allows excess pressure due to temperature gain to bleed back to tank. Fig. 535

Frost Proof Drain Valve

Fig. 128

Allows water on bottom of tank to be drained off. Seat is located up inside the tank shell.

Page 28 Morrison Venting Guide

Emergency Generator or Fuel Oil Suction System


Fig. 354 or Fig. 922 Combination Pressure Vacuum Fig. 246A Swing Check

Fig 517 or 518 Spill Container Fig. 244 to Grade Level Emergency Vent (Interstitial) Fig. 235 or Fig. 285 535 Gate Line Strainer Valve
12 Ft. Minimum

Fig. 305 & 305C Male Quick Fig. 9095A Disconnect & Overfill Cap Prevention Valve Fig. 818 or 918 Clock Gauge Fig. 244 Emergency Vent Fig. 346 Series External Emergency Valve Fig. 710 Solenoid Valve

(Return)

Fig. 244 Emergency Vent

Fig. 78DI Expansion Relief Valve

(Supply)

Page 29 Morrison Venting Guide


Fig. 539 Diffuser Fig. 157 Suction Pipe Strainer

Fig. 419 Drop Tube

Fig. 539 Diffuser

(Generator or Boiler)

Morrison Bros. Co. P.O. Box 238 Dubuque, IA 52004 Ph: 800-553-4840 Fax: 563-583-5028